Oracle Bones Divination

Oracle Bones Divination
Author: Kostas Dervenis
Publsiher: Simon and Schuster
Total Pages: 176
Release: 2013-12-17
ISBN: 1620551640
Category: Body, Mind & Spirit
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Oracle Bones Divination Book Excerpt:

The first complete guide to this ancient Greek form of divination • Explains how to cast and interpret this oracle using either coins or traditional animal bones • Reveals how the use of oracle bones predates the I Ching • Includes the complete matrix of oracle interpretations reconstructed by the author from stanzas in ancient Greek temples In ancient Greece methods of foretelling the future were widespread, whether they were official oracles of the gods or simple dice games to divine one’s luck. One of the most popular and accessible ways of determining one’s fate and fortune was through the ritual casting of animal bones, similar to the casting of coins or yarrow stalks with the Chinese I Ching. Kostas Dervenis explains how to interpret the casting of the oracle bones--either traditional sheep anklebones or coins--to answer your questions on love, health, wealth, and the future. Using the original stanzas discovered in ancient Greek temples in Greece and Turkey, the author reconstructs the complete matrix of interpretation for each possible casting of the bones. He explores how this practice traces back to the Golden Age of the Neolithic period in Greece, Turkey, and Bulgaria--predating the I Ching--and how it is still practiced today as the popular folk game of “knucklebones.” Providing the first complete guide to this ancient practice, Dervenis allows anyone to cast the bones for guidance, inspiration, and insight into their fate.

Cross Culture and Faith

Cross Culture and Faith
Author: Linfu Dong
Publsiher: University of Toronto Press
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2005
ISBN: 0802038697
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cross Culture and Faith Book Excerpt:

In "Cross Culture and Faith," Linfu Dong sheds new light on the modern encounter between China and the West through Menzies's life, work, and thought.

The Oracle Bone Inscriptions from Huayuanzhuang East

The Oracle Bone Inscriptions from Huayuanzhuang East
Author: Adam C. Schwartz
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Total Pages: 487
Release: 2019-11-18
ISBN: 1501505335
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oracle Bone Inscriptions from Huayuanzhuang East Book Excerpt:

Since 1899 more than 73,000 pieces of inscribed divination shell and bone have been found inside the moated enclosure of the Anyang-core at the former capital of the late Shang state. Nearly all of these divinations were done on behalf of the Shang kingsand has led to the apt characterization that oracle bone inscriptions describe their motivations, experiences, and priorities. There are, however, much smaller sets of divination accounts that were done on behalf of members of the Shang elite other than the king.First noticed in the early 1930's, grouped and periodized shortly thereafter, oracle bone inscriptions produced explicitly by or on behalf of "royal familygroups" reveal information about key aspects of daily life in Shang societythat are barely even mentioned in Western scholarship. The newly published Huayuanzhuang East Oracle Bone inscriptions are a spectacular addition to the corpus of texts from Anyang: hundreds of intact or largely intact turtle shells and bovine scapulae densely inscribed with records of the divinations in which they were used. They were produced on the behalf of a mature prince of the royal family whose parents, both alive and still very much active, almost certainly were the twenty-first Shang king Wu Ding (r. c. 1200 B.C.) and his consort Lady Hao (fu Hao). The Huayuanzhuang East corpus is an unusually homogeneous set of more than two thousand five hundred divination records, produced over a short period of time on behalf of a prince of the royal family. There are typically multiple records of divinations regarding the same or similar topics that can be synchronized together, which not only allows for remarkable access into the esoteric world of divination practice, but also produce micro-reconstructions of what is essentially East Asia's earliest and most complete "day and month planner." Because these texts are unusually linguistically transparent and well preserved, homogeneous in orthography and content, and published to an unprecedentedly high standard, they are also ideal material for learning to read and interpret early epigraphic texts. The Huayuanzhuang East oracle bone inscriptions are a tremendously important Shang archive of "material documents" that were produced by a previously unknown divination and scribal organization. They expose us to an entirely fresh set of perspectives and preoccupationscentering ona member of the royal family at the commencement of China's historical period. The completely annotated English translation of the inscriptions is the first of its kind, and is a vibrant new source of Shang history that can be accessedto rewrite and supplement what we know about early Chinese civilization and life in the ancient world. Before the discerning reader are the motives, preoccupations, and experiences of a late Shang prince working simultaneously in service both for his Majesty, his parents, and hisown family.

Lost Discoveries

Lost Discoveries
Author: Dick Teresi
Publsiher: Simon and Schuster
Total Pages: 464
Release: 2010-05-11
ISBN: 143912860X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Lost Discoveries Book Excerpt:

Lost Discoveries, Dick Teresi's innovative history of science, explores the unheralded scientific breakthroughs from peoples of the ancient world -- Babylonians, Egyptians, Indians, Africans, New World and Oceanic tribes, among others -- and the non-European medieval world. They left an enormous heritage in the fields of mathematics, astronomy, cosmology, physics, geology, chemistry, and technology. The mathematical foundation of Western science is a gift from the Indians, Chinese, Arabs, Babylonians, and Maya. The ancient Egyptians developed the concept of the lowest common denominator, and they developed a fraction table that modern scholars estimate required 28,000 calculations to compile. The Babylonians developed the first written math and used a place-value number system. Our numerals, 0 through 9, were invented in ancient India; the Indians also boasted geometry, trigonometry, and a kind of calculus. Planetary astronomy as well may have begun with the ancient Indians, who correctly identified the relative distances of the known planets from the sun, and knew the moon was nearer to the earth than the sun was. The Chinese observed, reported, dated, recorded, and interpreted eclipses between 1400 and 1200 b.c. Most of the names of our stars and constellations are Arabic. Arabs built the first observatories. Five thousand years ago, the Sumerians said the earth was circular. In the sixth century, a Hindu astronomer taught that the daily rotation of the earth on its axis provided the rising and setting of the sun. Chinese and Arab scholars were the first to use fossils scientifically to trace earth's history. Chinese alchemists realized that most physical substances were merely combinations of other substances, which could be mixed in different proportions. Islamic scholars are legendary for translating scientific texts of many languages into Arabic, a tradition that began with alchemical books. In the eleventh century, Avicenna of Persia divined that outward qualities of metals were of little value in classification, and he stressed internal structure, a notion anticipating Mendeleyev's periodic chart of elements. Iron suspension bridges came from Kashmir, printing from India; papermaking was from China, Tibet, India, and Baghdad; movable type was invented by Pi Sheng in about 1041; the Quechuan Indians of Peru were the first to vulcanize rubber; Andean farmers were the first to freeze-dry potatoes. European explorers depended heavily on Indian and Filipino shipbuilders, and collected maps and sea charts from Javanese and Arab merchants. The first comprehensive, authoritative, popularly written, multicultural history of science, Lost Discoveries fills a crucial gap in the history of science.

An Introduction to Oracle Bones

An Introduction to Oracle Bones
Author: Wanli Qu
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 15
Release: 1970
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: China
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

An Introduction to Oracle Bones Book Excerpt:

A Legacy of Elegance

A Legacy of Elegance
Author: Li Zongkun
Publsiher: The Chinese University Press
Total Pages: 268
Release: 2017-10-15
ISBN: 9882370179
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Legacy of Elegance Book Excerpt:

This publication is the product of several auspicious occasions. United College celebrated its sixtieth anniversary in 2016-2017, and the Chinese University of Hong Kong Library marked this occasion by carrying out preservation work and cataloguing the collection of fortyfour oracle bones, which comprised the majority of this study. The remaining twentyseven oracle bones belong to the Art Museum, which is pleased to publish them jointly to celebrate the golden anniversary of the Institute of Chinese Studies, of which the museum is an integral part. This year also marks the fortieth anniversary of the Chinese University Press. These milestones occasion the tripartite collaboration.

Images of Women in Chinese Thought and Culture

Images of Women in Chinese Thought and Culture
Author: Robin Wang
Publsiher: Hackett Publishing
Total Pages: 449
Release: 2003
ISBN: 9780872206519
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Images of Women in Chinese Thought and Culture Book Excerpt:

Including writings that could be considered historical, philosophical, religious, and literary, Wang (philosophy, Loyola Marymount U.) presents an anthology that explores Chinese attitudes towards women and gender from the earliest known writings of 1200 B.C.E. to the period of the Song dynasty (1279 C.E.). Fifty-four writings, some presented in English for the first time, are selected from classics and lesser known works in order to illustrate attitudes towards women and the impact of those attitudes on Chinese cosmologies, views of nature, and cultural practices. Annotation ♭2004 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com).

The History of Chinese Feudal Society

The History of Chinese Feudal Society
Author: Tung-tsu Chu
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 278
Release: 2020-07-28
ISBN: 042982579X
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The History of Chinese Feudal Society Book Excerpt:

Feudalism is one of the most studied topics in the field of history, but without a consensus on its central characteristics, it remains a slippery concept. The History of Chinese Feudal Society provides a comprehensive analysis on the rise and fall of feudalism in China. Drawing on a vast library of archival materials, it is the first study to investigate feudalism in China from the perspective of sociology and to compare feudalism in China to feudalism in the West. The author proposes that landownership and the relationship between landowners and farmers are the two determining factors of feudalism, with the Yin Dynasty marking a transitional stage to feudalism and the Zhou Dynasty witnessing the establishment of feudalism as a political system and central institution. This book was written by one of the best-known Chinese historians and has been a classic best-seller for decades. Students and scholars of Chinese history, especially Chinese feudalism, will find it to be an essential reference in their study and research.

The Menzies Collection of Shang Dynasty Oracle Bones

The Menzies Collection of Shang Dynasty Oracle Bones
Author: Royal Ontario Museum,Chin-hsiung Hsü
Publsiher: Royal Ontario Museum, [c1972-c1977]
Total Pages: 263
Release: 1972
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Inscriptions, Chinese
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Menzies Collection of Shang Dynasty Oracle Bones Book Excerpt:

Slavery Civilization in Xia Shang and West Zhou Dynasty

Slavery Civilization in Xia  Shang and West Zhou Dynasty
Author: Da Xue
Publsiher: DeepLogic
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Slavery Civilization in Xia Shang and West Zhou Dynasty Book Excerpt:

The book is the volume of “Slavery Civilization in Xia, Shang and West Zhou Dynasty” among a series of books of “Chinese Dynastic History”. The earliest known written records of the history of China date from as early as 1250 BC, from the Shang dynasty (c. 1600–1046 BC) and the Bamboo Annals (296 BC) describe a Xia dynasty (c. 2070–1600 BC) before the Shang, but no writing is known from the period The Shang ruled in the Yellow River valley, which is commonly held to be the cradle of Chinese civilization. However, Neolithic civilizations originated at various cultural centers along both the Yellow River and Yangtze River. These Yellow River and Yangtze civilizations arose millennia before the Shang. With thousands of years of continuous history, China is one of the world's oldest civilizations, and is regarded as one of the cradles of civilization. The Zhou dynasty (1046–256 BC) supplanted the Shang and introduced the concept of the Mandate of Heaven to justify their rule. The central Zhou government began to weaken due to external and internal pressures in the 8th century BC, and the country eventually splintered into smaller states during the Spring and Autumn period. These states became independent and warred with one another in the following Warring States period. Much of traditional Chinese culture, literature and philosophy first developed during those troubled times. In 221 BC Qin Shi Huang conquered the various warring states and created for himself the title of Huangdi or "emperor" of the Qin, marking the beginning of imperial China. However, the oppressive government fell soon after his death, and was supplanted by the longer-lived Han dynasty (206 BC – 220 AD). Successive dynasties developed bureaucratic systems that enabled the emperor to control vast territories directly. In the 21 centuries from 206 BC until AD 1912, routine administrative tasks were handled by a special elite of scholar-officials. Young men, well-versed in calligraphy, history, literature, and philosophy, were carefully selected through difficult government examinations. China's last dynasty was the Qing (1644–1912), which was replaced by the Republic of China in 1912, and in the mainland by the People's Republic of China in 1949. Chinese history has alternated between periods of political unity and peace, and periods of war and failed statehood – the most recent being the Chinese Civil War (1927–1949). China was occasionally dominated by steppe peoples, most of whom were eventually assimilated into the Han Chinese culture and population. Between eras of multiple kingdoms and warlordism, Chinese dynasties have ruled parts or all of China; in some eras control stretched as far as Xinjiang and Tibet, as at present. Traditional culture, and influences from other parts of Asia and the Western world (carried by waves of immigration, cultural assimilation, expansion, and foreign contact), form the basis of the modern culture of China.

The Menzies Collection of Shang Dynasty Oracle Bones The text

The Menzies Collection of Shang Dynasty Oracle Bones  The text
Author: Royal Ontario Museum,許進雄
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 296
Release: 1972
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Bone implements
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Menzies Collection of Shang Dynasty Oracle Bones The text Book Excerpt:

East Asian Archaeoastronomy

East Asian Archaeoastronomy
Author: Zhenoao Xu,W. Pankenier,Yaotiao Jiang
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 452
Release: 2000-11-17
ISBN: 9789056993023
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

East Asian Archaeoastronomy Book Excerpt:

Historical astronomical records can play an important role in modern research, especially in the case of ancient Chinese observational data: sunspot and aurora records are important for the study of solar variability; solar and lunar eclipse records for the study of the Earth's rotation; records of Comet Hally for the study of orbital evolution; "guest star" records for the study of supernova remnants; planetary conjunction records for research in astronomical chronology. In the past, Western scientists have not been able to exploit these valuable data fully because the original records were difficult to gather and interpret, and complete English translations have not been available. East-Asian Archaeoastronomy is the first comprehensive translation into English of such historical records for modern research. The book also features an introduction to East Asian astronomy and offers guidance on how to use the records effectively. It will not only be a valuable research tool for astronomers but should also be of great interest to historians of China and Chinese science.

Salt Production and Social Hierarchy in Ancient China

Salt Production and Social Hierarchy in Ancient China
Author: Rowan K. Flad
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2011-07-18
ISBN: 1139497685
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Salt Production and Social Hierarchy in Ancient China Book Excerpt:

This book examines the organization of specialized salt production at Zhongba, one of the most important prehistoric sites in the Three Gorges of China's Yangzi River valley. Rowan K. Flad demonstrates that salt production emerged in the second millennium BCE and developed into a large-scale, intense activity. As the intensity of this activity increased during the early Bronze Age, production became more coordinated, perhaps by an emergent elite who appear to have supported their position of authority by means of divination and the control of ritual knowledge. This study explores evidence of these changes in ceramics, the layout of space at the site and animal remains. It synthesizes the data retrieved from years of excavation, showing not only the evolution of production methods, but also the emergence of social hierarchy in the Three Gorges region over two millennia.

Fake

Fake
Author: Mark Jones,Paul T. Craddock,Nicolas Barker
Publsiher: Univ of California Press
Total Pages: 316
Release: 1990-01-01
ISBN: 9780520070875
Category: Art
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fake Book Excerpt:

Describes the methods used to make artistic, literary, documentary, and political forgeries and the recent scientific advances in their detection. Includes over 600 objects from the British Museum and many other major collections, from ancient Babylonia to the present day.

The Art History in Remote Antiquity Period and The Three Dynasties Xia Shang and Zhou Dynasty

The Art History in Remote Antiquity Period and The Three Dynasties  Xia  Shang and Zhou Dynasty
Author: Li Shi
Publsiher: DeepLogic
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Art History in Remote Antiquity Period and The Three Dynasties Xia Shang and Zhou Dynasty Book Excerpt:

The book is the volume of “The Art History in Remote Antiquity Period and The Three Dynasties (Xia, Shang and Zhou Dynasty)” among a series of books of “Deep into China Histories”. The earliest known written records of the history of China date from as early as 1250 BC, from the Shang dynasty (c. 1600–1046 BC) and the Bamboo Annals (296 BC) describe a Xia dynasty (c. 2070–1600 BC) before the Shang, but no writing is known from the period The Shang ruled in the Yellow River valley, which is commonly held to be the cradle of Chinese civilization. However, Neolithic civilizations originated at various cultural centers along both the Yellow River and Yangtze River. These Yellow River and Yangtze civilizations arose millennia before the Shang. With thousands of years of continuous history, China is one of the world's oldest civilizations, and is regarded as one of the cradles of civilization.The Zhou dynasty (1046–256 BC) supplanted the Shang and introduced the concept of the Mandate of Heaven to justify their rule. The central Zhou government began to weaken due to external and internal pressures in the 8th century BC, and the country eventually splintered into smaller states during the Spring and Autumn period. These states became independent and warred with one another in the following Warring States period. Much of traditional Chinese culture, literature and philosophy first developed during those troubled times.In 221 BC Qin Shi Huang conquered the various warring states and created for himself the title of Huangdi or "emperor" of the Qin, marking the beginning of imperial China. However, the oppressive government fell soon after his death, and was supplanted by the longer-lived Han dynasty (206 BC – 220 AD). Successive dynasties developed bureaucratic systems that enabled the emperor to control vast territories directly. In the 21 centuries from 206 BC until AD 1912, routine administrative tasks were handled by a special elite of scholar-officials. Young men, well-versed in calligraphy, history, literature, and philosophy, were carefully selected through difficult government examinations. China's last dynasty was the Qing (1644–1912), which was replaced by the Republic of China in 1912, and in the mainland by the People's Republic of China in 1949.Chinese history has alternated between periods of political unity and peace, and periods of war and failed statehood – the most recent being the Chinese Civil War (1927–1949). China was occasionally dominated by steppe peoples, most of whom were eventually assimilated into the Han Chinese culture and population. Between eras of multiple kingdoms and warlordism, Chinese dynasties have ruled parts or all of China; in some eras control stretched as far as Xinjiang and Tibet, as at present. Traditional culture, and influences from other parts of Asia and the Western world (carried by waves of immigration, cultural assimilation, expansion, and foreign contact), form the basis of the modern culture of China.

Chinese Annals in the Western Observatory

Chinese Annals in the Western Observatory
Author: Edward Shaughnessy
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Total Pages: 505
Release: 2019-11-18
ISBN: 1501517104
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chinese Annals in the Western Observatory Book Excerpt:

Since the beginning of the twentieth century, hundreds of thousands of documents of all sorts have been unearthed in China, opening whole new fields of study and transforming our modern understanding of ancient China. While these discoveries have necessarily taken place in China, Western scholars have also contributed to the study of these documents throughout this entire period. This book provides a comprehensive survey of the contributions of these Western scholars to the field of Chinese paleography, and especially to study of oracle-bone inscriptions, bronze and stone inscriptions, and manuscripts written on bamboo and silk. Each of these topics is provided with a comprehensive narrative history of studies by Western scholars, as well as an exhaustive bibliography and biographies of important scholars in the field. It is also supplied with a list of Chinese translations of these studies, as well as a complete index of authors and their works. Whether the reader is interested in the history of ancient China, ancient Chinese paleographic documents, or just in the history of the study of China as it has developed in the West, this book provides one of the most complete accounts available to date.

Peregrinations from Physics to Phylogeny

Peregrinations from Physics to Phylogeny
Author: Kok Khoo Phua,Molin Ge
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 300
Release: 2016-02-29
ISBN: 9814759104
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Peregrinations from Physics to Phylogeny Book Excerpt:

' "Professor Hao Bailin is one of China''s most talented and most versatile theoretical physicists. He has made important contributions to a wide variety of research fields, including biology in which he pioneered a multidimensional method for studying the evolutionary pathways of bacteria. Indeed he calls himself, appreciatively I believe, a guerrilla fighter." Nobel Laureate, Chen-Ning Yang Contents: C N Yang on Hao Bailin, 2015 (Chen-Ning Yang)Skeleton Graph Expansion of Critical Exponents in "Cultural Revolution" Years (Hao Bailin)The Virial Expansion Re-visited: A New Interpretation (Fa-Yueh Wu and Ron Aaron)Chaos in the Belousov–Zhabotinsky Reaction (Richard J Field)Discrete Resonances (Franco Vivaldi)Exact Solution of the Planar Motion of Three Arbitrary Point Vortices (Robert Conte and Laurent de Seze)A Cognitive Network for Oracle-Bone Characters Related to Animals (Andreas Dress, Stefan Grünewald and Zhenbing Zeng)Periodic Oscillations of the Forced Brusselator (Jason A C Gallas)Genomes: At the Edge of Chaos with Maximum Information Capacity (Sing-Guan Kong, Hong-Da Chen, Andrew Torda, and H C Lee)Low Temperature Glassy Systems: Present Understanding, Open Problems and Future Developments (Giorgio Parisi)CVTrees Support the Bergey''s Systematics and Provide High Resolution at Species Levels and Below (Bailin Hao)My Days as a Student of Prof. Hao (1982–1986) (Mingzhou Ding)Teacher and Friend (Yong-Shi Wu) Readership: This book is suitable for students of physics and mathematics and all members of the general public interested in science. Keywords:Hao Bailin;Virial Expansion;Chaos;Complex Systems;Glassy Systems'

Dear Professor Dyson

Dear Professor Dyson
Author: Freeman John Dyson
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 386
Release: 2016
ISBN: 9814759090
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Dear Professor Dyson Book Excerpt:

"Freeman Dyson has designed nuclear reactors and bomb-powered spacecraft; he has studied the origins of life and the possibilities for the long-term future; he showed quantum mechanics to be consistent with electrodynamics and started cosmological eschatology; he has won international recognition for his work in science and for his work in reconciling science to religion; he has advised generals and congressional committees. An STS (Science, Technology, Society) curriculum or discussion group that engages topics such as nuclear policies, genetic technologies, environmental sustainability, the role of religion in a scientific society, and a hard look towards the future, would count itself privileged to include Professor Dyson as a class participant and mentor. In this book, STS topics are not discussed as objectified abstractions, but through personal stories. The reader is invited to observe Dyson's influence on a generation of young people as they wrestle with issues of science, technology, society, life in general and our place in the universe. The book is filled with personal anecdotes, student questions and responses, honest doubts and passions"--

Li Qi and Shu

Li  Qi and Shu
Author: Peng Yoke Ho
Publsiher: Courier Corporation
Total Pages: 262
Release: 2000-01-01
ISBN: 9780486414454
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Li Qi and Shu Book Excerpt:

Fascinating introduction to traditional Chinese concepts of li, qi, shu, yin, yang, wuxing, and yijing. Other topics covered: Chinese mathematics, astronomy and astrology, alchemy, magic, elixirs, and the search for immortality.

Iron and Steel in Ancient China

Iron and Steel in Ancient China
Author: Donald B. Wagner
Publsiher: BRILL
Total Pages: 600
Release: 1993
ISBN: 9789004096325
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Iron and Steel in Ancient China Book Excerpt:

A study of the production and use of iron and steel in early China, and simultaneously a methodological study of the reconciliation of archaeological and written sources in Chinese cultural history. Includes chapters on the technology of iron production based on studies of artifact microstructures.