Ordoliberalism And European Economic Policy

Author by : Malte Dold
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 74
Total Download : 199
File Size : 50,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This volume takes a broad perspective on the recent debate on the role of German ordoliberalism in shaping European economic policy before and after the eurozone crisis. It shows how ordoliberal scholars explain the institutional origins of the eurozone crisis, and presents creative policy proposals for the future of the European economy. Ordoliberal discourse both attempts to offer political solutions to socioeconomic challenges, and to find an ideal market order that fosters individual freedom and social cohesion. This tension between realpolitik and economic utopia reflects the wider debate on how far economic theory shapes, and is shaped by, historical contingencies and institutions. The volume will be of interest to policymakers as well as research scholars, and graduate students from various disciplines ranging from economics to political science, history, and philosophy.


Ordoliberalism Law And The Rule Of Economics

Author by : Josef Hien
Languange : en
Publisher by : Bloomsbury Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 23
Total Download : 803
File Size : 45,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Ordoliberalism is a theoretical and cultural tradition of significant societal and political impact in post-war Germany. For a long time the theory was only known outside Germany by a handful of experts, but ordoliberalism has now moved centre stage after the advent of the financial crisis, and has become widely perceived as the ideational source of Germany's crisis politics. In this collection, the contributors engage in a multi-faceted exploration of the conceptual history of ordoliberalism, the premises of its founding fathers in law and economics, its religious underpinnings, the debates over its theoretical assumptions and political commitments, and its formative vision of societal ordering based upon a synthesis of economic theories and legal concepts. The renewal of that vision through the ordoliberal conceptualisation of the European integration project, the challenges of the current European crisis, and the divergent perceptions of ordoliberalism within Germany and by its northern and southern EU neighbours, are a common concern of all these endeavours. They unfold interdisciplinary affinities and misunderstandings, cultural predispositions and prejudices, and political preferences and cleavages. By examining European traditions through the lens of ordoliberalism, the book illustrates the diversity of European economic cultures, and the difficulty of transnational political exchanges, in a time of European crisis.


The Ideological Use And Abuse Of Freiburg S Ordoliberalism

Author by : Malte Dold
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 81
Total Download : 816
File Size : 47,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : In the aftermath of the Eurozone crisis, a "battle of ideas" emerged over whether ordoliberalism is part of the cause or the solution of economic problems in Europe. While German ordoliberals argued that their policy proposals were largely ignored before and during the crisis, implying a too small role of ordoliberalism in European economic policy, critics saw too much ordoliberal influence, especially in form of austerity policies. We argue that neither view is entirely correct. Instead, both camps followed their ideological predispositions and argued strongly in favor of their preconceived Weltanschauung. The ordoliberal Freiburg School ceased being an active research program and instead grew to resemble a "tradition" whose proponents shared a certain mindset of convenience. As a result, ordoliberal thinking was both used and abused by its proponents and critics to emphasize their ideologically framed policy recommendations. The present paper analyzes this ongoing debate and reflects on how the different ideological camps refer to the Freiburg School to push their own agendas. Building on this discussion, we end our paper with some constructive thoughts on how a contemporary ordoliberalism might want to react to some of the challenges of the ongoing Eurozone crisis.


Ordoliberalism And European Economic Policy

Author by : Malte Dold
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 18
Total Download : 197
File Size : 50,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This volume takes a broad perspective on the recent debate on the role of German ordoliberalism in shaping European economic policy before and after the eurozone crisis. It shows how ordoliberal scholars explain the institutional origins of the eurozone crisis, and presents creative policy proposals for the future of the European economy. Ordoliberal discourse both attempts to offer political solutions to socioeconomic challenges, and to find an ideal market order that fosters individual freedom and social cohesion. This tension between realpolitik and economic utopia reflects the wider debate on how far economic theory shapes, and is shaped by, historical contingencies and institutions. The volume will be of interest to policymakers as well as research scholars, and graduate students from various disciplines ranging from economics to political science, history, and philosophy.


The European Union After The Crisis

Author by : Hugo Radice
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 32
Total Download : 930
File Size : 48,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : The global financial and economic crisis struck the European Union and its member states with particular force from 2009 onwards. The immediate problem was the knock-on effects of the crisis on each country’s public finances. Bank bail-outs imposed a massive increase in sovereign debt on member states, while the economic recession unavoidably led to ballooning budget deficits via the usual mechanisms of reduced taxes and increased welfare spending. Subsequently, the Eurozone sovereign debt crisis exposed the hidden weaknesses in the monetary and financial arrangements that had accompanied the launch of the Euro; the severe economic imbalance between member states, rooted in longer-term structural divergences, and the inadequate institutional mechanisms for resolving these difficulties. This book originated from an EU-funded international research network on "Systemic Risks, Financial Crises and Credit: the Roots, Dynamics and Consequences of the Sub-Prime Crisis". Contributions explore and evaluate some of the ways in which the institutions and policies of the European Union and its member states have changed in response to the problems brought about by the crisis. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Contemporary European Studies.


Conservative Liberalism Ordo Liberalism And The State

Author by : Kenneth Dyson
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press, USA
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 51
Total Download : 981
File Size : 51,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : The book examines the historical significance and contemporary relevance of a body of thought about rejuvenating liberalism that has tended to be neglected in the English-speaking world in favour of the rise of social liberalism.


The Emergence Of The Common European Competition Policy Competition Policy In Germany The European Coal And Steel Community And The European Economic Community

Author by : Leonie Fliess
Languange : en
Publisher by : GRIN Verlag
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 30
Total Download : 695
File Size : 52,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Seminar paper from the year 2015 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: European Union, grade: 2,0, University of Mannheim, language: English, abstract: In this paper I will address the emergence of the European competition law in the 1950s and early 1960s and draw a special focus on how Germany and its national competition policy influenced the European course. The main part of this paper is subdivided into three parts, the Competition Policy in Germany, the European Coal and Steel Community and the European Economic Community. Therefore I will first discuss the development of German competition policy. In particular, I will explain the deconcentration and decartelisation of the German coal and steel industry. Thereafter I will give a short introduction into ordoliberalism as it influenced the German idea of competition policy and lastly give a summary of the history of the German competition law’s beginnings. Afterwards I will deal with the foundation of European Coal and Steal Community and analyse the Treaty of Paris, the treaty which established the ECSC. Finally I will draw attention on how the Treaty of Paris was implemented and shortly comment on the reconcentration of the German steel industry. In the last part I will discuss the emergence of the European Economic Community. I will give an overview of the drafting of the Spaak Report and thereafter discuss the Treaty of Rome and the competition policy provisions it contains. That leads me to Regulation 17/62 which implements the Treaty of Rome to finally conclude with the German influence on the Treaty of Rome and Regulation 17.


The Euroatlantic Union Review

Author by : Velo Dario
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cacucci Editore S.a.s.
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 28
Total Download : 379
File Size : 46,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : The Review will focus on the strengthening of the European integration and, at the same time, on the start of the Atlantic integration, two processes that are expected to develop interdependently in the next decades.


The Debt Crisis And European Democratic Legitimacy

Author by : H. Macartney
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 91
Total Download : 951
File Size : 46,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Huw Macartney examines the conflicting movements gripping Europe. He explains why 'more Europe and less democracy' seems to be the order of the day. He argues that state managers responses reflect a long-term disquiet about the economic consequences of democracy. Through a critical engagement with ordo-liberal and neo-liberal intellectual traditions, Macartney explains why participation and consent have given way to coercion and depoliticisation. Financial speculation and growing social unrest have thus fuelled attempts to further mystify the political character of economic policymaking. This comes at precisely the time when the everyday life of European citizens is most affected by the decisions of political classes at the heart of Europe. There are strong reasons to believe though that the kind of violent outbreaks in Greece and elsewhere point to the limitations of this authoritarian, undemocratic governing strategy. The end-result could prove devastating for Europe.


European Integration In Times Of Crisis

Author by : Demosthenes Ioannou
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 65
Total Download : 147
File Size : 54,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Few events over the past few decades have given rise to an amount of debate and speculation concerning the state of the European Union (EU) and the future of European integration as the economic and financial crisis that began in 2007. In spite of substantial media, policy-making and academic attention, the fundamental questions of why and how the euro area (EA) has remained not only intact but also expanded and integrated further during the crisis require deeper theoretical investigation. One needs to understand not only the economics but also the politics and institutions of the crisis. A lack of such an understanding is the reason why a number of observers, at least initially, had a hard time making sense of policy-makers’ decisions (and pace thereof), including why the EA did not implode as some predicted. Economic theories provide a certain perspective for why the crisis occurred and what economic policies were and are needed to resolve it; however, they fail to capture the deeper roots and management of the crisis. In order to improve our understanding of a discussion that has oscillated between fears of EA disintegration on the one hand and the concrete advancement of integration during the crisis on the other, this special collection brings together leading scholars of European integration who apply key theoretical approaches – from liberal intergovernmentalism and neofunctionalism to other prominent theoretical accounts that have been applied to European integration such as historical institutionalism, critical political economy, normative theory, and a public opinion approach – to the economic and financial crisis. The contributions seek to analyse, understand and/or explain the events that occurred and the (re)actions to them in order to draw conclusions concerning the applicability and usefulness of their respective theoretical perspectives. This book was published as a special issue of the Journal of European Public Policy.


A Political Economy Of Power

Author by : Raphaël Fèvre
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 23
Total Download : 411
File Size : 44,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : "Today, ordoliberalism is at the centre of the ongoing debate about the foundations, the present governance and future prospects of the European Union-and yet we do not dispose of a comprehensive definition of it. Whenever we talk of the dominance of the German model, the discussion should involve a detailed picture of ordoliberal principles. This book retraces the intellectual history of ordoliberalism, focusing in particular on the works of its main representatives Walter Eucken and Wilhelm Röpke, together with references to the contributions of Franz Böhm, Alexander Rüstow, Leonhard Miksch and Friedrich Lutz. The book highlights the crucial, albeit overlooked, role of economic and political power in the making of ordoliberal thought. More precisely, the book shows that ordoliberalism, in its ideological, epistemological, theoretical and political components, can be defined as a political economy of power, i.e. a form of economic knowledge, whose primary objective is to analyse the sources, the action and the impact of power within society. By doing so the book will offer a new perspective on ordoliberals' key concepts built in the inter-war, while contextualizing them within a broader intellectual project"--


The Germany Illusion

Author by : Marcel Fratzscher
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 64
Total Download : 941
File Size : 48,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Europe is in a period of transition and there is great uncertainty about its direction. No country plays a greater role in influencing Europe's future path than Germany, which is either seen as overbearing or indecisive in its imposition of policies-and sometimes is seen as both at once. In The Germany Illusion, Marcel Fratzscher provides a distinctive corrective to common misunderstandings of Germany's domestic political economy and how it affects its European and global roles. Fratzscher's trenchant analysis sheds light on the true state of Germany's economy, which is neither as rosy as optimists believe nor as hidebound as pessimists fear. He covers the breadth of the German economy, from its deceptive employment miracle, the sources and underlying problems of its export strengths, its large investment gap, and not least the differences between east and west that continue since reunification. Understanding the domestic scene in Germany is crucial to understanding its relationships with other European countries, the European Union, and the United States. Fratzscher traces the sources and implications of the differences and conflict between Germany and its neighbors on European policymaking generally and in particular during the European economic and financial crisis, the Brexit debate, the refugee crisis, the rising populism and protectionism in the United States and in Europe, and over fundamental reforms of European institutions. The Germany Illusion is a balanced and nuanced examination of pressing and complex issues that enhances our understanding of German policies-the strengths and weaknesses, the possibilities and the limits. It also proposes a realistic path for Germany to re-engage with its European neighbors and with the United States, and to help re-build Europe's future.


Ordoliberalism

Author by : Ordoliberalism as an Irritating German Idea (Conference)
Languange : en
Publisher by : Hart Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 23
Total Download : 928
File Size : 50,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Introduction / Josef Hien & Christian Joerges -- Dirigisme and modernity v ordoliberalism / Bruno Amable -- Why and how has german ordoliberalism become a French issue? : some aspects about ordoliberal thoughts we can learn from the French reception / Arnaud Lechevalier -- Ordoliberalism's trans-Atlantic (un)intelligibility : from Friedman and Eucken to Geithner and Schäuble / William Callison -- The tepid reception of ordoliberalism in italy and present-day dissent / Stefano Solari -- Ordoliberalism as tradition and as ideology / Kenneth Dyson -- Ordoliberalism as a variety of neoliberalism / Thomas Biebricher -- Breaking the "caging" mentality : ordoliberalism, responsibility and solidarity in the EU / Maurizio Ferrera -- What is neoliberal in Germany's and Europe's crisis politics? / Brigitte Young -- The success story of ordoliberalism as the guiding principle of German economic policy / Stephan Pühringer -- Debunking the myth of the ordoliberal influence on post-war European integration / Angela Wigger -- The overburdening of law by ordoliberalism and the integration project / Christian Joerges -- Ordoliberal escape from societas economica : re-establishing the normative / Michelle Everson -- Ordoliberalism, polanyi, and the theodicy of markets / David Woodruff -- Ordoliberalism within and outside Germany's co-ordinated market economy / Albert Weale -- Competition or conflict? : beyond traditional ordoliberalism / Malte Dold & Tim Krieger -- Ordoliberalism and the quest for sacrality / Josef Hein -- Ordoliberalism and political theology : on the government of stateless money / Werner Bonefeld -- Policy between rules and discretion / Jonathan White -- How monetary rules and wage discretion get into conflict in the eurozone (and what "if anything" ordoliberalism has to do with it?) / Philip Manow


European Economic And Social Constitutionalism After The Treaty Of Lisbon

Author by : Dagmar Schiek
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 15
Total Download : 459
File Size : 40,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : European studies frequently regard the economic and social dimensions of EU integration as diametrically opposed, maintaining that this state of affairs is beyond change. This edited collection challenges this perceived wisdom, focusing on the post-Lisbon constitutional landscape. Taking the multi-layered polity that is Europe today as its central organising theme, it examines how the social and the economic might be reconciled under the Union's different forms of governance. The collection has a clear structure, opening with a theoretical appraisal of its theme, before considering three specific policy fields: migration policy and civic integration, company law and corporate social responsibility and the role of third sector providers in public healthcare. It concludes with three case studies in these fields, illustrating how the argument can be practically applied. Insightful and topical, with a unique interdisciplinary perspective, this is an important contribution to European Union law after the Lisbon Treaty.


Innovation And Eu Competition Law A Trade Off The Next Generation Broadband Network In Germany From A Legal And Economic Perspective

Author by : Daniel Neugebauer
Languange : en
Publisher by : GRIN Verlag
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 49
Total Download : 187
File Size : 52,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Seminar paper from the year 2007 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: European Union, grade: 1,5, University of Twente (School of Management and Governance), course: European Economic Policies, 17 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Broadband development is considered to be central to economic growth in a knowledge-based economy. In Germany, the market leader (Deutsche Telekom) on the telecommunication market recently installed a “next generation” high-speed network (so called VDSL), which is able to transfer phone calls, internet and TV through only one pair of wire to the consumer. The company invested more than 3 Billion Euro. Due to these enormous costs, it claimed to be allowed to refuse competitors access to its new network. If those competitors would be allowed to use the new network, Telekom threatened to stop all investments into this technology, as it would not be profitable. The German Government followed the claim by adopting a new law in December 2006, which was often said to be a “lex Telekom” and guarantees “regulatory holidays” for the new network. The European Commission argues that the protection of a new technology against competitors is against EU competition law and opened a procedure against the German government on the same day. The question is, whether the strict EU competition law in this case prevents innovation. Starting with the liberalization of the telecommunication market in 1988, the policies of the European Union can be called a “success story”. From state-run monopolies and imperfect competitive conditions with high barriers for new firms to enter the market, the situation has changed dramatically until today: A number of new companies entered the market, prices decreased significantly, and the traditional staterun monopolies lost market shares. Where those monopoly-like situations remain, the EU aims to prevent operators from abusing market power to harm consumers or impede competitors. At the same time, the EU wants to facilitate widespread deployment of new and innovative technologies. Under the heading “i2010”, the digital economy component of the renewed Lisbon strategy, the greater use of telecommunication technologies is said to boost productivity throughout Europe, and generate new services and create jobs. To realize the conditions for a flourishing ecommunications environment, the EU has established a detailed regulatory policy. The so-called “Article 7 procedure” allows national Regulatory Authorities to put obligations on companies with significant market power, whenever a persistent market failure occurs. [...]


Macroeconomic Theory And The Eurozone Crisis

Author by : Alain Alcouffe
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 31
Total Download : 394
File Size : 55,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : The financial crisis of 2007 required the economics discipline to thoroughly re-evaluate its prevailing theories about economic cycles and economic growth. With a focus on Europe, this volume identifies the latest strands of research on business cycles, monetary theory, the evolution of social policies and public spending, and the institutional context of the European Union. It also considers whether these new ideas could have helped us avoid the crisis, and how they might reshape the current economic paradigm. This book will be of interest to advanced students and researchers in European economics, macroeconomics and economic history.


Governing Europe In A Globalizing World

Author by : Laurent Warlouzet
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 35
Total Download : 438
File Size : 42,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : The complex relationship between globalization and European integration was largely shaped in the 1970s. During this decade, globalization began, for the first time, to threaten Western European prosperity. Using an innovative approach, the book shows how western Europeans coped with the challenges of globalization during a time of deep economic crisis during the period 1973-1986. It examines the evolution of economic and social policies at the national, European and global level and expands beyond the European Economic Community (EEC) by analysing the various solutions envisaged by European decision-makers towards regulating globalization, including the creation of the Single Market. Based on extensively examined archives of transnational actors, international organizations and focusing on the governments of France, Germany and the UK, as well as the European Commission, the book uncovers deep, previously unknown, economic divisions among these actors and the roles they played in the success of the EEC. This book will be of key interest to students, scholars and practitioners of political science, European studies, history, comparative politics, public policy and economic history.


Can The Euro Be Saved

Author by : Malcolm Sawyer
Languange : en
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 90
Total Download : 424
File Size : 47,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : The economies of the eurozone countries are plagued by multiple crises, which cast major doubts over the future of the euro. In this engaging new book, leading economist Malcolm Sawyer argues that the entire policy framework of the eurozone was fundamentally flawed from its foundation. He shows how these ‘design faults’ intensified the crisis and are now locking in perpetual self-defeating austerity. Sawyer proposes a bold alternative agenda for reviving the continent’s economic prosperity and saving the euro. He argues, however, that the required solutions are certain to encounter huge obstacles. He therefore concludes that Europe faces a bleak economic future, blighted by low growth, high unemployment and social division. This major contribution to one of the key economic debates of our time will be essential reading for everyone interested in Europe’s future.


Institutional Economics In France And Germany

Author by : Agnes Labrousse
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 79
Total Download : 248
File Size : 44,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : German Ordoliberalism and French Regulation theory, two institutionalist theories born in different national contexts, show striking convergences and complementarities. Based on an original comparison, Institutional Economics in France and Germany analyses the basic concepts, the development and the present relevance of both schools, the way they deal with the crucial methodological issue of complexity and with transformation in post-socialist Europe. It underlines the specificity and fruitfulness of these European approaches to institutional economics, often unfortunately ignored in the English-language literature. Written by leading scholars, this book is a clear presentation of both theories, with numerous illustrations and in-depth analysis of recent research developments. This theoretical, methodological and thematic comparison raises central issues in the growing field of socioeconomic and institutionalist theory.


Unleashing Social Justice Through Eu Public Procurement

Author by : Antoinette Calleja
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 26
Total Download : 662
File Size : 42,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : The dramatic results of the 2014 European Parliament elections have highlighted the European Union’s urgent need for a review of the scope and purpose of its social objectives and for a reordering of European priorities. This book advocates a radical and original alternative to the current philosophy that determines the set of rules for the awarding of EU public procurement contracts. It calls for a reordering of the EU’s economic and social priorities. In doing so, it advocates for a social dimension to be placed at the core of public procurement, which could elicit a social model of integration in the EU in which the European citizen is the key actor. This is achieved through an analytical approach as well as concise and contextualised explanations relating to free trade theories, poverty and public interest theories. This book will be of key interest to students and scholars of the European Union, political theory, and EU law.


The Eurozone Crisis

Author by : Kaarlo Tuori
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 64
Total Download : 770
File Size : 53,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Topical and timely, this book offers an economically informed constitutional analysis on European responses to the crisis. It discusses the longer-term proposals on the table including rescue measures and stability mechanisms, as well as the tightening of European economic governance. The authors see the European constitution as a multidimensional and multi-temporal process of constitutionalisation. They examine how the crisis has catapulted the economic constitution back to the 'pacemaker' position from where it determines developments in the political and social dimensions. However, now the key role is not played by the constitution of 'microeconomics', focusing on free movement and competition law, but the constitution of 'macroeconomics', introduced in Maastricht.


The Development Of Economics In Western Europe Since 1945

Author by : A. W. (Bob) Coats
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 99
Total Download : 515
File Size : 48,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Are there distinct European traditions in economics? Is modern economics homogenous and American? The volume includes case studies of the UK, Sweden, the Netherlands, Belgium, Germany, France, Italy, Portugal, Spain and Greece. Each of these examines the conditions relating to the supply of, and demand for, economists. These include: the growth of higher education, the development of postgraduate training in economics, international linkages, both within Europe and outside it, economic ideas and professionalization, and involvement in economic policy-making and public affairs. Whilst each chapter is attentive to particular national features, they also place the development of economics in the context of the postwar movement towards European integration.


The Condition Of Democracy

Author by : Jürgen Mackert
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 84
Total Download : 209
File Size : 45,7 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Recent years have seen contestations of democracy all around the globe. Democracy is challenged as a political as well as a normative term, and as a form of governance. Against the background of neoliberal transformation, populist mobilization, and xenophobic exclusion, but also of radical and emancipatory democratic projects, this collection offers a variety of critical and challenging perspectives on the condition of democracy in the 21st century. The volumes provide theoretical and empirical enquiries into the meaning and practice of liberal democracy, the erosion of democratic institutions, and the consequences for citizenship and everyday lives. With a pronounced focus on national and transnational politics and processes, as well as postcolonial and settler colonial contexts, individual contributions scrutinize the role of democratic societies, ideals, and ideologies of liberal democracy within global power geometries. By employing the multiple meanings of The Condition of Democracy, the collection addresses the preconditions of democratic rule, the state this form of governance is in, and the changing ways in which citizens can (still) act as the sovereign in liberal democratic societies. The books offer both challenging theoretical perspectives and rigorous empirical findings of how to conceive of democracy in our times, which will appeal to academics and students in social and political science, economics, and international relations amongst other fields. The focus on developments in the Middle East and North Africa will furthermore be of great usefulness to academics and the wider public interested in the repercussions of western democracy promotion as well as in contemporary struggles for democratization ‘from below’. During the last 50 years, liberal democracies have been exposed to a fundamental reorganization of their politico-economic structure that transformed them through the impact of neo-liberal economic doctrines focused on low taxation, free markets, and out-sourcing that have little regard in reality for democratic institutions or liberal values. The failures of the neoliberal ‘remedy’ for capitalism are now dramatically obvious through the banking crisis of 2008-2011, the increase in income inequality, the social and psychological damage caused by the austerity packages across Europe, and widespread dependence on experts whose influence over government policies typically goes without public scrutiny. While this has only accelerated the destruction of the social fabric in modern Western societies, the dramatic redistribution of wealth and an open 'politics for the rich' have also revealed the long-time well-covered alliance of the global oligarchy with the Far Right that has the effect of undermining democracy. The contributions to this volume discuss a wide variety of processes of transformation, the social consequences, dedemocratization and illiberalization of once liberal democracies through the destructive impact of neoliberal strategies. These strongly politico-economic contributions are complemented with general sociological analyses of a number of cultural aspects often neglected in analyses of democracy.


Plunging Into Turmoil In The Aftermath Of Crisis

Author by : Cristina Montalvão Sarmento
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 80
Total Download : 898
File Size : 40,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : The 2008 economic and financial crisis marked the beginning of a period of social transformation and uncertainty that continues to characterise present and future social development in unplanned and unexpected ways, with frequently harmful effects. It has highlighted the need for a deeper understanding of crises phenomena and how these affect the overall course of human development. On the one hand, the social sciences constitute a means for acquiring a better understanding of the character of the rapid and complex social transformations associated with crises. On the other hand, they can orientate people and social practices on how a greater degree of collective and democratic control can be acquired over the manner and direction of social processes in crises contexts. This book brings together a team of international scholars to address the notion of crises. Two main strains of inquiry orientate this study. First, it questions how different sociological and theoretical approaches might contribute to explain crises phenomena, analyse their effects, and identify their potential future paths of development. Secondly, it considers how crises processes and their effects on human social existence demand a re-thinking of the role of the social sciences in society, and what such a role might be. This volume not only opens up future lines of research by providing a comprehensive approach to crises phenomena, but also fills an important gap in the literature about crises which is frequently focused on only one of these dimensions and on particular historical contexts, rather than producing more comprehensive frameworks regarding the study of crises processes as a whole.


The Historical Foundations Of Eu Competition Law

Author by : Kiran Klaus Patel
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 75
Total Download : 582
File Size : 49,6 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Shedding new light on the foundations of European competition law, this volume is a legal and historical study of the emerging law and its evolution through the 1980s. It retraces the development and critical junctures of competition law at both the level of the European Economic Community and also at the level of major Member States of the EEC. The book examines several key themes including: the influence of national and international competition law on thedevelopment of EEC competition law; the drafting of the regulations that lead to the development of modern EU competition law; the role of the European Court of Justice in establishing the protection ofcompetition as a central pillar of the Common Market; the internal dynamics, ideologies and tensions within the Competition Directorate General (DG IV) of the European Commission; and the role of industrial policy in European integration. This volume rediscovers a past largely forgotten but essential to understanding the genesis of competition law in Europe, its role in Europe's construction, its hybrid institutional traits and its often unique substance.


Nine Lives Of Neoliberalism

Author by : Philip Mirowski
Languange : en
Publisher by : Verso Books
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 31
Total Download : 352
File Size : 54,9 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Untangling the long history of neoliberalism Neoliberalism is dead. Again. Yet the philosophy of the free market and the strong state has an uncanny capacity to survive, and even thrive, in times of crisis. Understanding neoliberalism’s longevity and its latest permutation requires a more detailed understanding of its origins and development. This volume breaks with the caricature of neoliberalism as a simple, unvariegated belief in market fundamentalism and homo economicus. It shows how neoliberal thinkers perceived institutions from the family to the university, disagreed over issues from intellectual property rights and human behavior to social complexity and monetary order, and sought to win consent for their project through the creation of new honors, disciples, and networks. Far from a monolith, neoliberal thought is fractured and, occasionally, even at war with itself. We can begin to make sense of neoliberalism’s nine lives only by understanding its own tangled and complex history.


Pragmatism And Social Philosophy

Author by : Michael G. Festl
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 10
Total Download : 602
File Size : 40,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This book explores the role that American pragmatism played in the development of social philosophy in 20th-century Europe. The essays in the first part of the book show how the ideas of Peirce, James, and Dewey influenced the traditions of European philosophy, especially existentialism and the Frankfurt School of Critical Theory, that emerged in the 20th century. The second part of the volume deals with current challenges in social philosophy. The essays here demonstrate how discussions of two core issues in social philosophy—the conception of social conflict and the public—can be enriched with pragmatist resources. In featuring both historical and conceptual perspectives, these essays provide a full picture of pragmatism’s role in the development of Continental social philosophy. Pragmatism and Social Philosophy will be of interest to scholars and advanced students working on American philosophy, social philosophy, and Continental philosophy.


A Sociology Of Knowledge Of European Integration

Author by : Rebecca Adler-Nissen
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 84
Total Download : 353
File Size : 42,5 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : This book addresses the important but understudied question of how social scientific knowledge is entangled in the process of European integration. More specifically, it provides the first systematic introduction to a sociology of knowledge approach to European integration and demonstrates the value of such an approach through empirical illustrations. Drawing on new research in the intersection of sociology of knowledge and political sociology, the book is the first to analyse the entanglement of social scientific knowledge and the development of the EU. The book provides the first systematic mapping of the relations between social scientific knowledge and particular aspects of European integration such as the Euro and monetary governance, constitution- and treaty-negotiation, education policy, enlargement and external relations. The book imports key ideas from the sociology of knowledge, sociology of science and political sociology to cast new light on the field of EU studies and its relation to the EU. The result is a fresh account of European integration, shaped – in often surprising ways – by relatively small groups of people and their particular ideas about economy, law, culture and politics. This book was published as a special issue of the Journal of European Integration.


Liberalism In Illiberal States

Author by : Mark I. Vail
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 15
Total Download : 818
File Size : 44,8 Mb
GET BOOK

Description : Liberalism in illiberal States acknowledges the dominance of economic liberalism, but argues that its implementation in specific countries is always unique and dependent upon powerful historical factors. This book focuses on France, Germany, and Italy - countries that many scholars do not view as "liberal" at all - and contends they have in fact developed distinct forms of national liberalism, of which their postwar models of capitalism were merely one manifestation.