Origins Of Terrorism

Author by : Walter Reich
Languange : en
Publisher by : Woodrow Wilson Center Press
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Description : Offers a study of the beliefs, goals, and other factors that cause groups and individuals to resort to violence to gain their political objectives.


Origins Of Terrorism

Author by : Godfrey Garner
Languange : en
Publisher by : CRC Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 25
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Description : Origins of Terrorism: The Rise of the World’s Most Formidable Terrorist Groups examines the roots of Islamic terrorism, it’s history, and some of the foundational figures in prominent terrorist organizations. Throughout, the book also addresses the use of terrorism, the "hows" and "whys" of terrorists’ goals, and their modus operandi. Historically, insurgency operations have formed the basis of a number of terrorist groups—resistance to western powers, particularly the United States, and what is viewed as their unwanted interference in regional affairs. Sections are devoted to individual terror organizations, including some of the most well-known and resilient global movements—Al Qaeda, ISIS, the Taliban, and Boko Haram, among others. Coverage details where and how they originated, who the principal organizers were, how these individuals worked—or didn’t work—together. In this, the authors look at the circumstances that allowed for these leaders, and their groups’, development and success. In this, the authors expose interesting, little-known stories and facts about the specific upbringing, family life, and personal narrative around these organizations’ founders, as well as ties to other terrorist founders and organizations. For example, the relationship between individuals such as Osama bin Laden and Musab al Zarkawi (aka Ahmad al-Khalayleh)—the founder of ‘Al Qaeda in Iraq’ (AQI), which became ISIS—is examined in detail, providing readers with some of the "stories behind the stories" to understand the prominent figures and underpinnings of major terrorist organizations’ philosophies, formation, and elements that have led to their staying power. Origins of Terrorism will be a valuable resource for security and intelligence professionals, terrorism researchers, and students, providing a unique perspective to understand terrorism and terror movements in considering counterterror efforts.


The Historical Origins Of Terrorism In America

Author by : Robert Kumamoto
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Total Read : 83
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Description : When we think of American terrorism, it is modern, individual terrorists such as Timothy McVeigh that typically spring to mind. But terrorism has existed in America since the earliest days of the colonies, when small groups participated in organized and unlawful violence in the hope of creating a state of fear for their own political purposes. Using case studies of groups such as the Green Mountain Boys, the Mollie Maguires, and the North Carolina Regulators, as well as the more widely-known Sons of Liberty and the Ku Klux Klan, Robert Kumamoto introduces readers to the long history of terrorist activity in America. Sure to incite discussion and curiosity in anyone studying terrorism or early America, The Historical Origins of Terrorism in America brings together some of the most radical groups of the American past to show that a technique that we associate with modern atrocity actually has roots much farther back in the country’s national psyche.


The Roots Of Terrorism

Author by : Assaf Moghadam
Languange : en
Publisher by : Chelsea House Pub
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Total Read : 82
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Description : Explores the complexities of terrorism by discussing the variety of factors that lead to the rise of terrorism and how terrorist attacks are the result of the interaction of these factors.


The Day The Sky Fell

Author by : Milton Meltzer
Languange : en
Publisher by : Random House Books for Young Readers
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Total Read : 43
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Description : Updated to include the September 11 terrorist attacks, this historical survey of terrorism examines the psychology and fanaticism of terrorists and evaluates the morality and political effectiveness of their actions.


Coping With Terrorism

Author by : Rafael Reuveny
Languange : en
Publisher by : SUNY Press
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Total Read : 60
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Description : A comprehensive examination of multiple dimensions of terrorism


Terrorism

Author by : James M.Lutz Lutz (Brenda J.)
Languange : en
Publisher by : Macmillan
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 53
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Description : Terrorism is not a new phenomenon but has been present for over two thousand years. It has been used to advance ethnic, religious, and ideological goals; it has been used by dissidents and states to maintain control; it has been used at times as a means for attaining or maintaining power for its own sake. Terrorism has often appeared as a response to the intrusion of outside groups in established societies. This book places terrorism in a historical and analytical context. It is a comparison of terrorist groups over time, noting both similarities and differences. It will also contribute to discussions of the underlying causes of terrorism by providing a broader context than is usually attempted. It is important to put recent terrorist events in an appropriate context and to learn what history has to offer for dealing with this type of political violence.


Volatile Social Movements And The Origins Of Terrorism

Author by : Christine Sixta Rinehart
Languange : en
Publisher by : Lexington Books
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Total Read : 85
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Description : Volatile Social Movements and the Origins of Terrorism: The Radicalization of Change, by Christine Sixta Rinehart, concentrates on the origins of terrorism and what causes social movements to become terrorist organizations. The scope of the book includes four terrorist organizations: the Muslim Brotherhood, the ETA, the FARC, and the LTTE.


Terrorism Origins Direction And Support

Author by : United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee on Security and Terrorism
Languange : en
Publisher by :
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Total Read : 95
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The Foundations Of Modern Terrorism

Author by : Martin A. Miller
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 74
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Description : A groundbreaking history of the roots of modern terrorism, ranging from early modern Europe to the contemporary Middle East.


The Social Origins Of Terrorism

Author by : Sabina S. Noll
Languange : en
Publisher by :
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Total Read : 31
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Qaddafi Terrorism And The Origins Of The U S Attack On Libya

Author by : Brian Lee Davis
Languange : en
Publisher by : ABC-CLIO
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 27
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Description : Davis's detailed account demonstrates that Libya was not an arbitrarily selected target but rather a justified one. He examines the context in which the April 15, 1986, U.S. military attack against Libya occurred. The history of U.S.-Libyan relations from the Nixon to the Reagan administration is covered in detail including the Rome and Vienna massacres and Operation Prairie Fire. A description of the final days leading to the attack include the La Belle Discotheque bombing, the U.S. decision to attack, preparations, the military operation itself, and its aftermath.


A History Of Terrorism

Author by : Walter Laqueur
Languange : en
Publisher by : Transaction Publishers
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Total Read : 85
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Description : Assassinations, bombings, hijackings, diplomatic kidnappings-terrorism is the most publicized form of political violence. The history of terrorism goes back a very long time, but the very fact that there is such a history has frequently been ignored, even suppressed. This may be because terrorism has not appeared with equal intensity at all times. When terrorism reappeared in the late twentieth century after a period of relative calm, there was the tendency to regard it as a new phenomenon, without precedent. The psychological study of terrorism has never been much in fashion. But this neglect has left a number of crucial questions unanswered. Among these are why some people who share the same convictions turn to terrorism and others do not. What is terrorism's true impact on international politics? What influence might it exert in the future? A History of Terrorism completes Walter Laqueur's pioneering and authoritative study of guerrilla warfare and terrorist activity. He charts the history of political terror from nineteenth-century Europe, through the anarchists of the 1880s and 1890s, the left- and right-wing clashes during the twentieth century, and the multinational operations of Arab and other groups today. Laqueur examines the sociology of terrorism: funding, intelligence gathering, weapons and tactics, informers and countermeasures, and the crucial role of the media. He probes the "terrorist personality" and how terrorists have been depicted in literature and films. The doctrine of systematic terrorism and current interpretations of terrorism, its common patterns, motives, and aims, are unflinchingly faced and clearly explicated. Finally, Laqueur considers the effectiveness of terrorism and examines the ominous possibility of nuclear blackmail. Challenging accepted assumptions, forecasting the changes in terrorist activity that will affect tomorrow's headlines, Walter Laqueur demystifies terrorism without belittling its importance. Together with its companion volume, Guerrilla Warfare, also available from Transaction, A History of Terrorism is an essential tool for assessing and understanding this all-too-often sensationalized modern expression of extreme political action.


Blood And Rage

Author by : Michael Burleigh
Languange : en
Publisher by : HarperCollins UK
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Description : Basing his study on a wide range of sources and key players from the world of terrorism, Burleigh explains and defines the meaning of terrorism and marks its progression from its hard to trace beginnings to the modern-day.He begins with the first modern terrorist groups: the Irish Republican Brotherhood - the precursors of the IRA - and goes on to look at Tsarist Russia where the 'intelligentsia' launched attacks on organs of state, left-wing fighting against 'Fascism' and 'Nazism' in the 70's and 80's in western Germany and Italy, and Britain and Spain's long and drawn out battles with their own terrorist groups the IRA and ETA respectively. He ends with the first globally inclusive account of Islamist terrorism since 1980s till the present.Primarily, Burleigh aims to elucidate the mind-set of people who use political violence and explore the background and the milieu of the people involved. He makes clear that the west has considerable resources to comprehend and combat terrorism - despite consistently failing to do so - and highlights the shamefully inadequate nature of US public diplomacy. The book also includes a number of practical suggestions as to how terrorism can be combated both ideologically and militarily.BLOOD AND RAGE is an unrivalled study that sheds an insightful new light, and a refreshingly complex angle, on a plight that threatens to affect the world at large for many years to come and establishes Michael Burleigh as one of the most original, learned and important historians of our time.


Essentials Of Terrorism

Author by : Gus Martin
Languange : en
Publisher by : SAGE
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 84
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Description : "Essentials of Terrorism is an ideal anchor textbook for investigating the many aspects of terrorism, political violence, and homeland security. That it is easily adapted to these subjects means that instructors will be able to design a variety of instructional packages around it. In this way, the text is a versatile resource." -SirReadaLot.org Essentials of Terrorism: Concepts and Controversies is a comprehensive yet compact resource that provides a thorough introduction to many facets of the world of modern terrorism. This briefer, captivating version of Gus Martin's popular text Understanding Terrorism, Second Edition is an effective stand-alone textbook for undergraduate classes. It can also be used effectively in conjunction with other resources, such as Martin's collection of readings The New Era of Terrorism or with other supplemental books or journal articles for an upper-level undergraduate or master's level audience. Key Features • Provides a foundation for understanding terrorism: Extensive coverage in Chapter 1 helps readers grasp and define the concept of terrorism; each chapter includes extensive historical background. . Presents simple, helpful pedagogical aids to bolster learning: Chapter introductions, chapter perspectives, chapter summaries, discussion boxes, and a glossary bring key concepts to life for students. . Offers engaging coverage of cutting-edge issues: The author addresses contemporary topics, including gender-selective terrorism, media coverage of terrorism issues and related ethical issues, the Internet and terrorism, and religious terrorism. Martin provides additional coverage of the conflict in Iraq to illustrate its impact on international terrorism. . Includes stimulating illustrative aids: Maps and dramatic photos help show the locations of terrorist activity and the devastation caused by terrorist activity; tables and figures allow readers to conduct valuable comparison research and analysis. Ancillaries . A student study site is available containing introductions to journal articles, recommended Web sites, full-text journal articles tied to each chapter, e-flashcards, Web exercises, and more. www.sagepub.com/martinessstudy . Instructors' Resources on CD-ROM provide professors with a test bank, maps, PowerPoint presentations, activity and lecture suggestions, and more. Intended Audience: This is an excellent text, either alone or with readings or other materials, for undergraduate and graduate courses in Terrorism, Homeland Security, International Security, Criminal Justice Administration, Political Conflict, Armed Conflict, and Social Movements in departments of criminal justice, sociology, and political science. It is also suitable for professionals who require instruction in understanding terrorism.


Terrorism Ideology And Revolution

Author by : Noel O'sullivan
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 75
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Description : This book represents a concerted attempt to bring the resources of political theory, political science and history to bear on modern terrorism. It provides the general assumptions about man and society which inspire terrorist activity, focusing on the continuity of violence in human affairs.


The Roots Of Terrorism In Israel And Palestine

Author by : Geoffrey Victor Whitfield
Languange : en
Publisher by : Emeth Pub
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 57
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Description : This book attempts to show how the misunderstanding of the Abrahamic Covenant is a major difficulty in resolving the conflicts between Jews, Christians, and Muslims in Palestine and Israel.


Terrorism

Author by : Lawrence Howard
Languange : en
Publisher by : Greenwood Publishing Group
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 46
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Description : While terrorism is hardly a new phenomenon, terrorism by the state and its opponents reached new levels in the 20th century. Drawing together veteran experts on terrorism with authorities in Islam, media studies, American history, and social psychology, Howard presents a significant collection of essays that address the questions of the origins, the impact, and the appropriate personal and public responses to the phenomenon of terrorism. The volume is particularly useful in examining how the media and military retaliation either exacerbate or check the prevalence of terrorism.


A Genealogy Of Terrorism

Author by : Joseph McQuade
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
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Total Read : 40
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Description : Using India as a case study, Joseph McQuade traces the genealogy of the political and legal category of terrorism. He demonstrates how the modern concept of terrorism was shaped by colonial emergency laws dating back into the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.


Irish Terrorism In The Atlantic Community 1865 1922

Author by : J. Gantt
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
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Total Read : 50
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Description : Using a transnational approach, this volume surveys the origins of Irish terrorism and its impact on the Anglo-Saxon community during an era of intense imperialism. While at times it posed sharp disagreements between Britain and the United States, their ideological repulsion to terrorism later led to cooperation in counter-terrorism strategies.


Terrorists Victims And Society

Author by : Andrew Silke
Languange : en
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons Incorporated
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 54
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Description : Often disturbing, sometimes surprising and frequently disheartening, TERRORISTS, VICTIMS AND SOCIETY presents a clear and succinct view of what psychological research has revealed about terrorists and terrorism. Andrew Silke has gathered together contributions from psychologists and psychiatrists who have direct experience of researching terrorism, have met with terrorists and victims of terrorist violence, and with those responsible for combating and responding to terrorism. The result is a volume that provides a clear, intelligent and well-informed account of what psychology has learned in the past thirty years about issues relating to terrorism. It also demonstrates how one branch of social science can provide a powerful tool for insight and guidance on one of the most challenging problems facing the modern world. Essential reading for professionals in policing, security, government security agencies, forensic and legal psychology, prison and probation service and the military. It will also be important to all who are tasked with preparing for potential terrorist incidents, for example in mental health services, and a useful resource for students in psychology, criminology, politics and international relations.


Terrorism And Public Health

Author by : Barry S. Levy M.D.
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 47
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Description : In a wide-ranging, timely discussion of urgent issues, this volume examines the health consequences of the recent terrorist attacks in the United States and systematically reviews information on explosives, incendiaries, and small arms, as well as biologic, chemical, nuclear, radiologic and other radioactive weapons that may be used by terrorists. In a constructive approach, the authors discuss what needs to be done to improve the public health and medical care systems in preparation for possible future terrorist attacks and threats and for addressing widespread public health problems more effectively. They also explore the origins of terrorism and discuss the civil rights and human rights issues related to government responses to terrorism. Well-written, well-organized, and up-to-date, the book should be essential reading for many health professionals, students, and others concerned with terrorism and its health consequences.


The Making Of A Terrorist Training

Author by : James J. F. Forest
Languange : en
Publisher by : Praeger
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 13
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Description : Global terrorism has become a frightening reality. The situation calls for greater engagement with the public, as the necessary eyes and ears of the global anti-terrorism coalition. However, to be effective the public must be equipped with the knowledge of how, why, and where an individual becomes a terrorist. This is the primary goal of this set, which seeks to answer one central question: What do we currently know about the transformation through which an individual becomes a terrorist?


The End Of Terrorism

Author by : Leonard Weinberg
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 73
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Description : This book considers not the beginning or origins of terrorism but how groups that use terrorism end. Terrorism as a tactic is unlikely to disappear, however virtually all the groups that employed terrorist violence during the 1960s and 1970s have passed from the scene in one way or another. Likewise most of the individuals who embarked on ‘careers’ in terrorism over these same years now engage in other pursuits. The author argues that al-Qaeda and the various violent Islamist groups it has inspired are, like their predecessors, bound to bring their operations to an end. Rather than discussing the defection or de-radicalization of individuals the book aims to analyze how terrorist groups are defeated, or defeat themselves. It examines the historical record, drawing on a large collection of empirical data to analyze in detail the various ends of these violent organizations. This book provides a unique empirically informed perspective on the end of terrorism that is a valuable addition to the currently available literature and will be of interest to scholars of terrorism, security studies and international politics.


What Is Terrorism

Author by : William Lee Eubank
Languange : en
Publisher by : Infobase Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 93
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Description : Take an in-depth look at the history of terrorism throughout the world with this unique new series. Series editor Leonard Weinberg believes that looking at the history of terrorism gives a glimpse into the future. With both historical and contemporary coverage of this complex subject, this series will appeal to upper middle school and high school students. Also, this series has a strong tie in with the Global Connections portion of national curriculum standards for social studies and will also complement current events studies. Meets high school social studies standards.


Middle Eastern Terrorism

Author by : Mark Ensalaco
Languange : en
Publisher by : University of Pennsylvania Press
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Total Read : 29
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Description : Selected by Choice magazine as an Outstanding Academic Title Since the first airplane hijacking by the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine in September 1970, Middle Eastern terrorists have sacrificed innocent human lives in the name of ideology. From Black September to the Munich Olympics, to the embassy bombing in Beirut, to the devastating attacks of September 11 and beyond, terrorism has emerged as the most important security concern of our time. "Where did this come from?" Inspired by a student's question on the morning of September 11, 2001, Mark Ensalaco has written a thoroughly researched narrative account of the origins of Middle Eastern terrorism, addressing when and why terrorists started targeting Americans and American interests and what led to the September 11 attacks. Ensalaco reveals the changing of motivations from secular Palestinian nationalism to militant Islam and demonstrates how competition among terrorists for resources and notoriety has driven them to increasingly extreme tactics. As he argues, terrorist attacks grew from spectacle to atrocity. Drawing on popular works and scholarly sources, Middle Eastern Terrorism tells this story in rich detail and with great clarity and insight.


Contemporary Suicide Terrorism

Author by : Tatyana Dronzina
Languange : en
Publisher by : IOS Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 51
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Description : This book presents the research papers delivered at the conference held in Astana, Kazakhstan, in September 2010. The conference was funded by the NATO Science for Peace and Security Programme, and provided a forum for dialogue and discussion between scholars and security practitioners from Azerbaijan, Armenia, Bulgaria, Spain, Italy, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Morocco, Romania and Russia. The focus of the conference was on methodological and theoretical approaches to suicide terrorism researches. Topics addressed include: the effectiveness of suicide terrorism; the roots of suicide terrorism and its religious legitimation; the impact of new technologies on the radicalization process; terrorism and the drug trade; female suicide bombers; and migration, radicalization and disorder in the EU. Examples are drawn from experiences in the Maghreb, the West Bank and Gaza Strip in Israel, Dagestan, Romania, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.


God S Assassins

Author by : Gavin Baddeley
Languange : en
Publisher by : Ian Allan Pub
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 40
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Description : Terrorism - the imposition of, or opposition to, government with the threat or fear of force - is mostly regarded as a modern horror, implemented by bombs, hijackings and assassinations. But the origins of terrorism occur far back in the Middle Ages, when the forefathers of the modern world's most uncompromising terrorists - al-Qaeda and the Palestinian suicide bombers, laid down their murderous creed. In the 11th Century, Europe was a region of feudal kingdoms at war, while the Middle East was much more pluralistic, placing less theological restrictions on the lives of individuals or the pursuit of knowledge. It was against this liberal environment that Pope Urban II launched his own version of a 'jihad' - a holy war against the decadent, unholy Islamic world. The reaction in the Islamic world was one of increasing fury, and we continue to reap its consequences centuries later. Islam would become increasingly militant as Muslim sects that preached intolerance and force gained ground. One such heretical sect was the Nizaris, a mystical order of warriors founded by a Persian named Hassan Bin Sabah, later known in the West as the Assassins. Hassan inspired fanatical loyalty in his followers and Assassin cultists were unafraid of capture and death. According to tales brought back to Europe by Marco Polo in 1295, the Old Man of the Mountains fed his followers with hashish before taking them to a secluded garden where they were indulged with forbidden pleasures - principally, the sexual favours of young women. On returning to normal consciousness, the Assassin was told he had experienced the heavenly garden of Paradise and would spend all eternity there, provided he lived in the service of the cult. Assassin cultists would therefore infiltrate enemy courts and army camps, reputedly remaining incognito for years, ready to commit murder upon their master's signal. It was the birth of strategic terrorism. In modern times the legend of the Assassins carries a more symbolic significance. Some intellectuals have drawn a parallel between Hassan Bin Sabah's maxim, "Nothing is true - everything is permissible", describing the dream-trance of the hashish eater, and the 1950s concept of "brainwashing": the belief in turning soldiers into sleeping assassins. Most chilling, however, is the Islamic fundamentalist belief in martyrdom through assassination. High on nothing but piety the suicide bombers, the followers of Osama Bin Laden, and the September 11th terrorists were promised that which their puritan creed denies them on earth - the sexual favours of "the 72 houris virgins] of heaven", as a reward for he who kills in the name of Allah. This illuminating study analyses the origins and history of terrorism, separating legend from truth to uncover the true roots of the fanatical terrorist acts the world has witnessed in the last decade. This will be essential reading for all historians, and for anyone who, up until now, may have thought that outrageous acts of terrorism causing untold civilian casualties, was a curse of the modern age.