The Two Germanies And Military Security In Europe

Author by : C. Bluth
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 95
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Description : This original study based on documents, hitherto not discussed in literature of the Cold War, adds a significant new perspective to an important episode in Cold War History. The subject of this book is the policy of the two Germanies towards the talks on Mutual and Balanced Force Reductions (MBFR) in Europe during the 1970s. Negotiations on MBFR continued for a long time without progress. There has been much speculatuion about the motivations of the Eastern side. This book makes use of newly declassified files and, for the first time, reveals the true purposes and intentions of the Warsaw Pact in those negotiations.


Germany Poland And The Common Security And Defence Policy

Author by : L. Chappell
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 22
Total Download : 386
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Description : A comparative analysis of an old and new EU Member State's perceptions of and contributions to EU security and defence. This book focuses on change and continuity in both countries' defence policies and where convergence and divergence has occurred. This has important implications for the EU's effectiveness as an international security actor.


The Foundations Of Ostpolitik

Author by : Julia von Dannenberg
Languange : en
Publisher by : OUP Oxford
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 93
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Description : Based on recently released archival sources, this book is the first systematic analysis of the German-Soviet negotiations leading to the conclusion of the Moscow Treaty of August 1970. This treaty was the linchpin of the 'New Ostpolitik' launched by Chancellor Willy Brandt's government as a policy of reconciliation and an attempt to normalize relations with the countries of the Eastern bloc. Focusing on the decision-making processes, both within the German domestic political system as well as within the international context, this study offers a new interpretation of the shift from confrontational to détente politics at this time, arguing that the Moscow Treaty was the product of various interrelated domestic and external factors. As Dannenberg shows, the change of government to a Social-Liberal coalition was the first important precondition for Ostpolitik, while the speedy conclusion of the Moscow Treaty owed much to the high degree of secrecy and centralization that characterized Brandt's policy-making and that of his small coterie of advisors. However, Brandt's predominance in the decision-making process does not mean that he alone determined the direction of policy. His room for manoeuvre was, amongst other things, constrained by his coalition's narrow parliamentary majority as well as the Western Allies' special rights. On the other hand, German-Soviet trade expansion, public opinion, and the emerging international interest in détente in the mid-1960s were crucial factors favouring Ostpolitik. It was in this configuration of circumstances that Brandt placed himself at the forefront of the movement towards détente between East and West by introducing his bold diplomatic design - one that had the reunification of Germany as its ultimate goal.


World Power Forsaken

Author by : John Duffield
Languange : en
Publisher by : Stanford University Press
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Total Read : 28
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Description : What does German unification imply for international politics? Many commentators have speculated about how a united Germany will use its new found power and influence on the world stage, and for good reason. Because of its size, central location, and strong economy, Germany will inevitably exert considerable influence over developments in Europe, if not beyond. Drawing on interviews and other primary source materials, this comprehensive study examines in detail each of the central issues of Germany’s security policy since 1990: its promotion of political and economic reform in the former Soviet bloc, its efforts to maintain and strengthen European security institutions, the transformation of Germany’s armed forces, and its responses to international crises and conflicts, including the debate over German participation in foreign military actions. Rejecting claims that German policy is becoming nationalized and militarized, the author argues that Germany’s actions have in fact been characterized by considerable restraint and continuity with the past, notwithstanding its much greater potential freedom of action after the Cold War. In order to make sense of this record, the book presents a general framework of analysis that promises to be useful for explaining the security policies of a variety of states. It then shows how a variety of influences both in Germany’s external environment and within Germany itself have importantly shaped German security policy since unification. In sharp contrast to the realist approaches that have dominated security studies, the book highlights the roles played by international institutions and Germany’s distinct postwar political culture in molding German state behavior. In a final chapter, the author discusses the likely future course of German security policy and the implications of his analysis for the theoretical study of national security policy.


West Germany S Foreign Policy

Author by : Diane Rosolowsky
Languange : en
Publisher by : Praeger
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 93
Total Download : 135
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Description : This work examines the positions of the Social Democratic and Green parties on the debate within the Federal Republic of Germany concerning security policy, especially as it relates to NATO. Since its founding in 1949, the Atlantic Alliance has provided a framework for relations between the United States and its European allies. The United States is an important NATO member, particularly because of its nuclear commitment to European defense. The Federal Republic of Germany plays a pivotal role in NATO as well, as it is the strongest European member in NATO's integrated command structure, the major contributor of land forces, and, because of its geographic location, NATO's first line of defense. Thus the roles of the United States and West Germany in NATO are both key: the former due to its nuclear capabilities, and the latter because of its conventional force strength and front line position.


Developments In West German Politics

Author by : Gordon Smith
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 68
Total Download : 170
File Size : 52,5 Mb
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Description : This book gives up-to-date assessments of key trends and issues in the Federal Republic with sufficient background analysis to make the treatment of the various topics accessible to those without detailed prior knowledge of German politics.


Reluctant Realists

Author by : Clay Clemens
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 31
Total Download : 884
File Size : 42,7 Mb
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Description : It's the end of the school year and the prom is fast approaching. Gemma's friends all have dates and Gemma is destined to go alone. Gemma convinces herself that she doesn't care - it's great being single and free to mingle. But there's one boy who she secretly wishes would ask her - Sam. But Sam's dating Cindy - isn't he? Meanwhile, when Gemma is asked to assist the school webzine's editor, Cindy, to review a top fashion show, Gemma somehow finds herself on the catwalk modelling for one of the nation's most talked-about designers. But strutting her stuff on the catwalk isn't exactly a breeze When the school invite Gemma's alter ego, astrologist "Jessica Jupiter," to be a guest speaker at the End of Year Assembly, Gemma has no choice but to agree. But Jessica's horrescopes have played cupid for half the school - if they discover she's not real then everything will be shattered. How will she dupe the entire school into believeing that Jessica Jupiter is for real?


A Rand Note

Author by : Rand Corporation
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 94
Total Download : 414
File Size : 43,5 Mb
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Description :


Helsinki 1975 And The Transformation Of Europe

Author by : Oliver Bange
Languange : en
Publisher by : Berghahn Books
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 53
Total Download : 396
File Size : 46,7 Mb
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Description : During the Cold War, it was in Europe that the conflict of a divided Germany reached a decisive turning point in the 1960s, leading to the era of détente. The Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE), with its Final Act in Helsinki in August 1975 that incorporated the non-aligned and neutral states in Europe, led to a rapprochement between East and West in the fields of security, economy, and culture. This volume offers a pilot study in what the authors perceive as the key issues: the “German problem” (i.e., the recognition of the post-war territorial status quo) and the western strategy of transformation through a multiplication of contacts between the two blocs.


Britain Germany And The Cold War

Author by : R. Gerald Hughes
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 12
Total Download : 435
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Description : This well-researched book details the ambiguity in British policy towards Europe in the Cold War as it sought to pursue détente with the Soviet Union whilst upholding its commitments to its NATO allies. From the early 1950s, Britain pursued a dual policy of strengthening the West whilst seeking détente with the Soviet Union. British statesmen realized that only through compromise with Moscow over the German question could the elusive East-West be achieved. Against this, the West German hard line towards the East (endorsed by the United States) was seen by the British as perpetuating tension between the two blocs. This cast British policy onto an insoluble dilemma, as it was caught between its alliance obligations to the West German state and its search for compromise with the Soviet bloc. Charting Britain's attempts to reconcile this contradiction, this book argues that Britain successfully adapted to the new realities and made hitherto unknown contributions towards détente in the early 1960s, whilst drawing towards Western Europe and applying for membership of the EEC in 1961. Drawing on unpublished US and UK archives, Britain, Germany and the Cold War casts new light on the Cold War, the history of détente and the evolution of European integration. This book will appeal to students of Cold War history, British foreign policy, German politics, and international history.


Emerging Dimensions Of European Security Policy

Author by : Wolfgang F. Danspeckgruber
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 73
Total Download : 843
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Description : This book represents an overview of European security affairs as of 1989–1990. It deals with fundamental theoretical and political-strategic considerations; looks at arms-control developments; and examines European defense economies and military industrial capabilities of U.S. .


Tamed Power

Author by : Peter J. Katzenstein
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cornell University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 31
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Description : Revolutionary changes in global and European politics have reawakened old fears that Europe will be dominated by an unpredictable German giant. The same changes have fueled new hopes for Germany and Europe as models of political pluralism in a peaceful and prosperous world. In fact, Peter J. Katzenstein explains, the current reality is too complex to fit either expectation. Katzenstein contends that a multilateral institutionalization of power is the most distinctive aspect of the relationship between Europe and Germany. Only the observer who is aware of this important fact can understand why Germany is willing to give up its new sovereign power. Although Germany is larger than any other member of the European Union and plays a crucial role in the economic and political life of Eastern Europe, its power is now funneled through the institutions of the European Union rather than erupting in a narrow, power-defined sense of national self-interest. The empirical chapters of this book explore the institutionalization of power relations between the European Union and Germany, as well as the relations of Germany and the European Union with most of the smaller European states.


Counterweights

Author by : Roy Rempel
Languange : en
Publisher by : McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 25
Total Download : 539
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Description : Rempel traces pivotal events in the development of the bilateral relationship between Canada and West Germany, from Canada's policy on the admission of West Germany into NATO in 1954-55, through Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau's 1969 decision to reduce Canada's forces in Europe by half, to Prime Minister Brian Mulroney's 1992 decision to withdraw Canadian military forces from Europe entirely. He looks at the development of the missions and functions of the Canadian forces in Germany and assesses why Canada has failed in its efforts to integrate the political, economic, and military dimensions of its foreign policy. Counterweights highlights the profound implications of Canada's failure to develop a coordinated defence policy to support its international objectives in its present-day relations with both Europe and the United States.


Foreign Affairs

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 44
Total Download : 375
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Description :


The Allies And Arms Control

Author by : Professor of International Affairs at Norman Paterson School of International Affairs Fen Osler Hampson
Languange : en
Publisher by : Baltimore : Johns Hopkins University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 84
Total Download : 888
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Description :


Ending The Last Cold War

Author by : Suk Jung Lee
Languange : en
Publisher by : Dartmouth Publishing Company
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 24
Total Download : 493
File Size : 44,6 Mb
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Description : Since the end the cold war, the Korean Peninsula has remained as the last remnant of the military confrontation between communism and capitalism, a flash point which could explode into war at any time. In 'Ending the last cold war', Suk Jung Lee examines the role played by arms control in bringing the cold war in Europe to an end and critically assesses the possibilities for using a similar approach to defuse the dangerous tensions which threaten to trigger a new Korean war.


Still The Arms Debate

Author by : Robert A. Levine
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 33
Total Download : 415
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Description :


Ifda Dossier

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 43
Total Download : 736
File Size : 48,9 Mb
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Description :


The Evolution Of An International Actor

Author by : Reinhard Rummel
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 26
Total Download : 850
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Description : This volume is the result of a joint effort on the part of European and American scholars to describe and analyze the nature and the role of the European Community on the threshold of the 1990s. The 1980s stood witness to a significant change in West Europe from "Eurosclerosis" to close European cooperation in the fields of security, foreign policy and trade. This newly won "assertiveness" on the part of the West Europeans will be put to a test in the next decade, as, in addition to the progressing West European integration process, a new dynamic is likely to preoccupy the 1990s – the ongoing reform process in East Europe.


Dynamic D Tente

Author by : Stephan Kieninger
Languange : en
Publisher by : Rowman & Littlefield
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 57
Total Download : 598
File Size : 51,9 Mb
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Description : This book examines the dynamic evolution of Western détente policies which sought to transform Europe and overcome its Cold War division through more communication and engagement. Kieninger challenges the traditional Cold War narrative that détente prolonged the division of Europe and precipitated America’s decline in the aftermath of the Vietnam War. Rather, he argues that policymakers in the U.S. Department of State and in Western Europe envisaged the stability enabled by détente as a precondition for change, as Communist regimes saw a sense of security as a prerequisite for opening up their societies to Western influence over time. Kieninger identifies the Helsinki Accords, Lyndon Johnson’s bridge building, and Willy Brandt’s Ostpolitik as efforts aimed at constructive changes in Eastern Europe through a multiplication of contacts, communication, and cooperation on all societal levels. This study also illuminates the longevity of America’s policy of peaceful change against the background of the nuclear stalemate and the military status quo.


Resolving The Security Dilemma In Europe

Author by : Bjørn Møller
Languange : en
Publisher by : Brassey's
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 93
Total Download : 337
File Size : 54,9 Mb
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Description : For the first time since the beginning of the Cold War more than 40 years ago, the political determinants of military security in Europe are changing much more quickly than the technological ones. Non-offensive defence is now a more acceptable strategy than it was before, and this book points towards realistic solutions to the problems of excessive dependence on nuclear weapons and/or self-defeating offensive force structures. The ideas examined are especially important for British and American audiences since the Anglo-Saxon countries are the ones most wedded to NATO orthodoxy and therefore the slowest to react to the current wave of change.


Dimensions Of German Unification

Author by : A Bradley Shingleton
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 19
Total Download : 779
File Size : 51,8 Mb
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The Federal Republic Of Germany And The United States

Author by : James A Cooney
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 98
Total Download : 298
File Size : 43,9 Mb
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Description : This book examines the current and historical dimensions of relations between the United States and the Federal Republic of Germany, focusing on the complex economic issues that make the two countries interdependent and on the resulting policy implications. The contributors analyze the reasons for increasingly problematic relations between the United States and West Germany, arguing that the situation is exacerbated by the inadequate understanding Americans often have of the changing nature of society, politics, and culture in West Germany.


Peace And The Sciences

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 85
Total Download : 859
File Size : 44,7 Mb
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Description :


European Polyphony Perspectives Beyond East West Confrontation

Author by : Ole Waever
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 53
Total Download : 535
File Size : 40,7 Mb
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Description : This study deals with the internal socio-political changes that the traditional political structures have not been able to incorporate, the perspectives of the superpowers and surveys of the debate on European security in each of 11 states. The book begins and ends with a theoretical overview.


Germany Pacifism And Peace Enforcement

Author by : Anja Dalgaard-Nielsen
Languange : en
Publisher by : Manchester University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 99
Total Download : 412
File Size : 49,9 Mb
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Description : Germany, pacifism and peace enforcement is about the transformation of Germany’s security and defence policy in the time between the 1991 Gulf War and the 2003 war against Iraq. The book traces and explains the reaction of Europe’s biggest and potentially most powerful country to the ethnic wars of the 1990s, the emergence of large-scale terrorism, and the new US emphasis on pre-emptive strikes. Based on an analysis of Germany’s strategic culture it portrays Germany as a security actor and indicates the conditions and limits of the new German willingness to participate in international military crisis management that developed over the 1990s. It debates the implications of Germany’s transformation for Germany’s partners and neighbours and explains why Germany said 'yes' to the war in Afghanistan, but 'no' to the Iraq War.


The Diplomacy Of D Tente

Author by : Stephan Kieninger
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 28
Total Download : 513
File Size : 45,8 Mb
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Description : This book investigates the underlying reasons for the longevity of détente and its impact on East–West relations. The volume examines the relevance of trade across the Iron Curtain as a means to facilitate mutual trust, as well as the emergence of new habits of transparency regardless of recurring military crises. A major theme of the book concerns Helmut Schmidt’s foreign policy and his contribution to the resilience of cooperative security policies in East–West relations. It examines Schmidt’s crucial role in the Euromissile crisis, his Ostpolitik diplomacy and his pan-European trade initiatives to engage the Soviet Union in a joint perspective of trade, industry and technology. Another key theme concerns the crisis in US–Soviet relations and the challenges of meaningful leadership communication between Washington and Moscow in the absence of backchannel diplomacy during the Carter years. The book depicts the freeze in US–Soviet relations after the Soviet invasion in Afghanistan, the declaration of martial law in Poland, and Helmut Schmidt’s efforts to serve as a mediator and interpreter working for a relaunch of US–Soviet dialogue. Eventually, the book highlights George Shultz’s pivotal role in the Reagan Administration’s efforts to improve US-Soviet relations, well before Mikhail Gorbachev’s arrival. This book will be of interest to students of Cold War studies, diplomatic history, foreign policy and international relations.


The United States Western Europe And The Polish Crisis

Author by : H. Sjursen
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 96
Total Download : 419
File Size : 52,8 Mb
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Description : This book examines the response of the Western Alliance to the Polish Crisis (1980-83). The author analyses the different views of Europe and the United States regarding enforcement in East-West relations and the opposition in Western Europe to the American approach. This case exemplifies the lasting differences in attitude within the Western Alliance.