Outdoor Lighting Physics Vision and Perception

Outdoor Lighting  Physics  Vision and Perception
Author: Duco Schreuder
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 448
Release: 2008-08-15
ISBN: 1402086024
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Outdoor Lighting Physics Vision and Perception Book Excerpt:

The present book is based on the experience of the author. The experience is mainly the result of years of research, of consulting work, and in participation in policy decision making in many felds, most, but not all, related to outdoor lighting. To some degree, the book represents the preference of the author. The selection of the subjects is based on more than 50 years of experience of what is desirable to know for persons engaged in scientifc research or practical application in the felds of lighting and vision. The subjects deal with a number of fundamental aspects. The theorists must have them at their fngertips, whereas the practical engineers may assume them as known in their daily work. The selection of subjects is based in part by the questions that came to the author over the years, but even more by the preference of the author himself. In this respect, it is a personal book. Thus, it should be stressed that the book is not a ‘handbook’ or even a ‘textbook’; many subjects that commonly are treated in such books are not included here. Not because they lack importance, but because the author feels that they are adequately treated elsewhere. Some relevant works are mentioned in the References. Over the years, the author has been engaged in giving courses on vision and lighting, lately more in particular on Masterclasses on a post-graduate or post-doctorate level.

Vision and Visual Perception

Vision and Visual Perception
Author: Duco A. Schreuder
Publsiher: Archway Publishing
Total Pages: 762
Release: 2014-12-03
ISBN: 1480812943
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Vision and Visual Perception Book Excerpt:

Vision is about insight, and visual perception is about cognition - and they form the foundation of how we see the world. Duco A. Schreuder, a physicist and psychologist, explores the finer details of each in this groundbreaking book that explores human consciousness and perception. Sharing virtually everything he's learned over a varied career spanning more than sixty years, he examines a wide array of topics, including how we understand what we visually process, how we store and retrieve information, the role that neurons play in how what we see, and much more. While Schreuder isn't afraid to disagree with other leading thinkers, he relies on science and focuses on the facts behind it so you can understand lighting, visual perception, engineering design, and applied and experimental physics. Looking is about insight, whereas seeing is about knowledge, and you need to know how each one works to truly understand how humanity views the world. Whether you're an illuminating engineer considering the fundamentals of the trade or a student or professional in an allied discipline, you'll be well served by taking a closer look at Vision and Visual Perception.

The Human and Social Dimension of Urban Lightscapes

The Human and Social Dimension of Urban Lightscapes
Author: Daria Casciani
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 140
Release: 2020-11-02
ISBN: 3030571653
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Human and Social Dimension of Urban Lightscapes Book Excerpt:

This book explores new criteria and characteristics for integrating human psychology in the design of modern urban lighting. It identifies a new area of lighting design research and practice that focuses on the nocturnal urban experience in terms of people’s emotional, cognitive and motivational perceptions to achieve more accessible, sociable and sustainable cities. In turn, the book compares new tools and research methodologies for tackling complex issues concerning the ties between lighting, people and the city. Moreover, it presents a series of case studies to provide an in-depth understanding of the influence of urban lighting in terms of luminous atmosphere perception, positive social affect, social enhancement, accessibility and hospitability. Lastly, the book proposes a multidisciplinary qualitative and quantitative methodology for assessing the spatial experience of outdoor lighting.

Advances in Human Factors Sustainable Urban Planning and Infrastructure

Advances in Human Factors  Sustainable Urban Planning and Infrastructure
Author: Jerzy Charytonowicz
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 328
Release: 2017-06-12
ISBN: 3319604503
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Human Factors Sustainable Urban Planning and Infrastructure Book Excerpt:

This book deals with human factors research directed towards realizing and assessing sustainability in the built environment. It reports on advanced engineering methods for sustainable infrastructure design, as well as on assessments of the efficient methods and the social, environmental, and economic impact of various designs and projects. The book covers a range of topics, including the use of recycled materials in architecture, ergonomics in buildings and public design, sustainable design for smart cities, design for the aging population, industrial design, human scale in architecture, and many more. Based on the AHFE 2017 International Conference on Human Factors, Sustainable Urban Planning and Infrastructure, held on July 17–21, 2017, in Los Angeles, California, USA, this book, by showing different perspectives on sustainability and ergonomics, represents a useful source of information for designers in general, urban engineers, architects, infrastructure professionals, practitioners, public infrastructure owners, policy makers, government engineers and planners, as well as operations managers, and academics active in applied research.

Visible Light Communications

Visible Light Communications
Author: Zabih Ghassemlooy,Luis Nero Alves,Stanislav Zvanovec,Mohammad-Ali Khalighi
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 568
Release: 2017-06-26
ISBN: 1498767540
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Visible Light Communications Book Excerpt:

Visible Light Communications, written by leading researchers, provides a comprehensive overview of theory, stimulation, design, implementation, and applications. The book is divided into two parts – the first devoted to the underlying theoretical concepts of the VLC and the second part covers VLC applications. Visible Light Communications is an emerging topic with multiple functionalities including data communication, indoor localization, 5G wireless communication networks, security, and small cell optimization. This concise book will be of valuable interest from beginners to researchers in the field.

The Cosmos in Ancient Greek Religious Experience

The Cosmos in Ancient Greek Religious Experience
Author: Efrosyni Boutsikas
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 300
Release: 2020-09-30
ISBN: 110848817X
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Cosmos in Ancient Greek Religious Experience Book Excerpt:

Reconstructs ancient rituals in their day/night/season combining them with relevant mythology and astronomical observations to understand the ritual's cosmological links.

Building Physics

Building Physics
Author: Sašo Medved
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 483
Release: 2021
ISBN: 303074390X
Category: Building construction
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Building Physics Book Excerpt:

The book presents the theoretical background of building physics, dealing with the evaluation of physical phenomena related to heat transfer and energy use in buildings, water and water vapour transfer in building structures, daylighting and electric lighting of buildings, sound transmission in building structures and protection against noise, the occurrence and spread of fires in buildings and the thermal response of cities. It contains numerical and computational evaluation methods, numerous computational case studies and examples of experimental analyses. The book demonstrates that the considered physical processes affect the quality of living and working comfort in indoor and outdoor environment.

Foundations of Perception

Foundations of Perception
Author: George Mather
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 394
Release: 2006
ISBN: 9780863778346
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Foundations of Perception Book Excerpt:

Foundations of Perception provides a comprehensive general introduction to perception. All the major and minor senses are covered, not only examining them from a perceptual perspective but also taking into account their biological and physical context. In addition to covering all material essential to understanding the functioning of the senses, each chapter also includes a 'Tutorials' section. This provides an opportunity for more advanced students to explore supplementary information on recent or controversial developments in subjects such as: The physics and biology of audition ; Shape and object perception ; Individual differences in perception.

Resources in Education

Resources in Education
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1996-05
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Education
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Resources in Education Book Excerpt:

Research in Education

Research in Education
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1970
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Education
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Research in Education Book Excerpt:

Computer Vision in Vehicle Technology

Computer Vision in Vehicle Technology
Author: Antonio M. López,Atsushi Imiya,Tomas Pajdla,Jose M. Álvarez
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 216
Release: 2017-04-17
ISBN: 1118868072
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Computer Vision in Vehicle Technology Book Excerpt:

A unified view of the use of computer vision technology for different types of vehicles Computer Vision in Vehicle Technology focuses on computer vision as on-board technology, bringing together fields of research where computer vision is progressively penetrating: the automotive sector, unmanned aerial and underwater vehicles. It also serves as a reference for researchers of current developments and challenges in areas of the application of computer vision, involving vehicles such as advanced driver assistance (pedestrian detection, lane departure warning, traffic sign recognition), autonomous driving and robot navigation (with visual simultaneous localization and mapping) or unmanned aerial vehicles (obstacle avoidance, landscape classification and mapping, fire risk assessment). The overall role of computer vision for the navigation of different vehicles, as well as technology to address on-board applications, is analysed. Key features: Presents the latest advances in the field of computer vision and vehicle technologies in a highly informative and understandable way, including the basic mathematics for each problem. Provides a comprehensive summary of the state of the art computer vision techniques in vehicles from the navigation and the addressable applications points of view. Offers a detailed description of the open challenges and business opportunities for the immediate future in the field of vision based vehicle technologies. This is essential reading for computer vision researchers, as well as engineers working in vehicle technologies, and students of computer vision.

World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering September 7 12 2009 Munich Germany

World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering September 7   12  2009 Munich  Germany
Author: Olaf Dössel,Wolfgang C. Schlegel
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 354
Release: 2010-01-04
ISBN: 3642038913
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering September 7 12 2009 Munich Germany Book Excerpt:

Present Your Research to the World! The World Congress 2009 on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering – the triennial scientific meeting of the IUPESM - is the world’s leading forum for presenting the results of current scientific work in health-related physics and technologies to an international audience. With more than 2,800 presentations it will be the biggest conference in the fields of Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering in 2009! Medical physics, biomedical engineering and bioengineering have been driving forces of innovation and progress in medicine and healthcare over the past two decades. As new key technologies arise with significant potential to open new options in diagnostics and therapeutics, it is a multidisciplinary task to evaluate their benefit for medicine and healthcare with respect to the quality of performance and therapeutic output. Covering key aspects such as information and communication technologies, micro- and nanosystems, optics and biotechnology, the congress will serve as an inter- and multidisciplinary platform that brings together people from basic research, R&D, industry and medical application to discuss these issues. As a major event for science, medicine and technology the congress provides a comprehensive overview and in–depth, first-hand information on new developments, advanced technologies and current and future applications. With this Final Program we would like to give you an overview of the dimension of the congress and invite you to join us in Munich! Olaf Dössel Congress President Wolfgang C.

Light The Shape of Space

Light  The Shape of Space
Author: Lou Michel
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 304
Release: 1995-10-27
ISBN: 9780471286189
Category: Architecture
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Light The Shape of Space Book Excerpt:

Light: The Shape of Space Designing with Space and Light Lou Michel Every design professional who touches a space shapes the light and the feeling of that space. Architect, lighting engineer, interior designer, lighting or home furnishing manufacturer: each contributes an aesthetic layer, sometimes yielding unexpected results. All too often the best laid plans of one professional are unintentionally subverted by another. Removing surprises and guess work from design, Lou Michel, honored architectural lighting educator, has created Light: The Shape of Space, showing how to design with the effects of light rather than light itself. The book is a revolutionary resource for all design professionals and manufacturers of surfacing materials. Drawing on over fifteen years’ experience of research and teaching in the architectural Space and Light Laboratory at The University of Kansas, Michel masterfully examines the interrelationship of lighting and the design of architectural space as perceived not in architectural photos or paint chips and fabric swatches, but by human vision — the gateway to emotional response. The book was written for professionals who care about how people feel in the spaces they design, and focuses on the humanization of architecture. Taking a non-stylistic approach to design, Michel analyzes architecture from the perspective of how the users see their surroundings as they move through space. The reader will learn what pleases and what disturbs people based on how the human visual system responds to color, texture, pattern, and brightness. The book features principles of design for the student and professional, and is generously supported by illustrations and research. Michel also provides a method for evaluating the visual effectiveness of building materials and lighting systems, including those that will appear on the market long after this book is dog-eared. Michel unveils a groundbreaking luminance brightness rating system (LBR) and a nine-zone brightness scale to aid designers in previsualizing the appearance of surfacing materials at every stage of the design process, from schematics to development to refinement. Among the topics treated are: the interaction of lighting and spatial design color theory for space and light the luminance relationships between free-standing objects and the surrounding spatial boundaries against which they are seen the appearance of building materials in color and brightness when modified by light and spatial location lighting spatial connections, including the perception of rooms adjacent to the observer lighting and perception of spaces screened by architectural grilles creating lighted space Designing with the effects of light is both an art and a science. No other book on the market bridges that gap as successfully as Light: The Shape of Space.

Human Factors in Lighting

Human Factors in Lighting
Author: Peter Robert Boyce
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 703
Release: 2014-04-07
ISBN: 1439874891
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Human Factors in Lighting Book Excerpt:

The availability of electric lighting has changed the lives of people the world over, yet as a major user of electricity it has come under increasing scrutiny in recent years. This scrutiny has focused largely on the environmental consequences, with little consideration of the benefits of lighting. Human Factors in Lighting, Third Edition restores

Nirvana in the Garden of Eden

Nirvana in the Garden of Eden
Author: D. Crawford
Publsiher: AuthorHouse
Total Pages: 306
Release: 2012-08-31
ISBN: 9781477233283
Category: Religion
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nirvana in the Garden of Eden Book Excerpt:

Follow one woman’s journey from skepticism, misfortune and near death, to a state of Nirvana. Accompany her on a quest for truth and knowledge and discover what life is really about as you are brought out of the darkness and into the light of a new world. Be prepared to be challenged as you embark on the wildest ride in human history. We are now at a point where technology begins to merge with human development and creates a more sophisticated species. Along this journey, author D. Crawford, begins to understand that 2012 is only the beginning, as we are propelled forward in a rapid rate of evolution and scientific discoveries. This is where the mind and spirit will finally merge as one. We can now understand how we are demi-gods, and that we are the Universe, incarnate. Humans are intelligence, experiences and infinite information encased within physical form. We are perpetual motion and beings of light waves in a state of a solid. Step back and explore the big picture as a wondrous puzzle and Divine Plan become clear as we interlock the pieces of spirituality, neuroscience, psychology and quantum physics. After all, this is not just any story of Truth and enlightenment; it is your story as well. The book contains personal experiences and topics including: Karma, evolution, the String Theory, rising above ego to higher frequencies, and using the infinite power of the human brain.

LED Lighting

LED Lighting
Author: T. Q. Khan,P. Bodrogi,Q. T. Vinh,H. Winkler
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 520
Release: 2015-02-09
ISBN: 3527412123
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

LED Lighting Book Excerpt:

Promoting the design, application and evaluation of visually and electrically effective LED light sources and luminaires for general indoor lighting as well as outdoor and vehicle lighting, this book combines the knowledge of LED lighting technology with human perceptual aspects for lighting scientists and engineers. After an introduction to the human visual system and current radiometry, photometry and color science, the basics of LED chip and phosphor technology are described followed by specific issues of LED radiometry and the optical, thermal and electric modeling of LEDs. This is supplemented by the relevant practical issues of pulsed LEDs, remote phosphor LEDs and the aging of LED light sources. Relevant human visual aspects closely related to LED technology are described in detail for the photopic and the mesopic range of vision, including color rendering, binning, whiteness, Circadian issues, as well as flicker perception, brightness, visual performance, conspicuity and disability glare. The topic of LED luminaires is discussed in a separate chapter, including retrofit LED lamps, LED-based road and street luminaires and LED luminaires for museum and school lighting. Specific sections are devoted to the modularity of LED luminaires, their aging and the planning and evaluation methods of new LED installations. The whole is rounded off by a summary and a look towards future developments.

Mystery of the Ashen Light on Venus

Mystery of the Ashen Light on Venus
Author: John C. Barentine
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2021
ISBN: 3030727157
Category: Electronic books
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mystery of the Ashen Light on Venus Book Excerpt:

The Ashen Light of Venus -- a ghostly emission of light from the night side of our nearest planetary neighboris among the last unsolved mysteries of astronomical history. In the four centuries since the phenomenon was first reported, highly reputable visual observers of Venus have recorded seeing the Ashen Light, while others have spent a lifetime searching for it without once being convinced that they ever saw it. Is the Ashen Light a trick of the eye? The result of a defective lens? A real scientific event? Occasional references to the Ashen Light are scattered across the literature, yet no work to date has synthesized these records. This book therefore digs deep into the history of the mystery and our latest attempts to understand it, sifting through the clues that might explain whether it is caused by physics, is conjured up by the eye or brain, or a combination of both. This baffling story will appeal to amateur astronomers, hobbyists, and lay readers interested in joining the debate about one of the most elusive observable phenomena ever recorded in the night sky.

Engineered Biomimicry

Engineered Biomimicry
Author: Cameron H.G. Wright,Steven F. Barrett
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 496
Release: 2013-05-24
ISBN: 0128072598
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Engineered Biomimicry Book Excerpt:

This chapter is focused on vision sensors based on both mammalian and insect vision systems. Typically, the former uses a single large-aperture lens system and a large, high-resolution focal plane array; the latter uses many small-aperture lenses, each coupled to a small group of photodetectors. The strengths and weaknesses of each type of design are discussed, along with some guidelines for designing such sensors. A brief review of basic optical engineering, including simple diffraction theory and mathematical tools such as Fourier optics, is followed by a demonstration of how to match an optical system to some collection of photodetectors. Modeling and simulations performed with tools such as Zemax and MATLAB® are described for better understanding of both optical and neural aspects of biological vision systems and how they may be adapted to an artificial vision sensor. A biomimetic vision system based on the common housefly, Musca domestica, is discussed.

Digital Color Imaging Handbook

Digital Color Imaging Handbook
Author: Gaurav Sharma,Raja Bala
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 816
Release: 2017-12-19
ISBN: 1351835971
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Digital Color Imaging Handbook Book Excerpt:

Digital technology now enables unparalleled functionality and flexibility in the capture, processing, exchange, and output of color images. But harnessing its potential requires knowledge of color science, systems, processing algorithms, and device characteristics-topics drawn from a broad range of disciplines. One can acquire the requisite background with an armload of physics, chemistry, engineering, computer science, and mathematics books and journals- or one can find it here, in the Digital Color Imaging Handbook. Unprecedented in scope, this handbook presents, in a single concise and authoritative publication, the elements of these diverse areas relevant to digital color imaging. The first three chapters cover the basics of color vision, perception, and physics that underpin digital color imaging. The remainder of the text presents the technology of color imaging with chapters on color management, device color characterization, digital halftoning, image compression, color quantization, gamut mapping, computationally efficient transform algorithms, and color image processing for digital cameras. Each chapter is written by world-class experts and largely self-contained, but cross references between chapters reflect the topics' important interrelations. Supplemental materials are available for download from the CRC Web site, including electronic versions of some of the images presented in the book.

Engineered Biomimicry

Engineered Biomimicry
Author: Akhlesh Lakhtakia,Raúl José Martín-Palma
Publsiher: Newnes
Total Pages: 496
Release: 2013-05-24
ISBN: 0123914329
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Engineered Biomimicry Book Excerpt:

Engineered Biomimicry covers a broad range of research topics in the emerging discipline of biomimicry. Biologically inspired science and technology, using the principles of math and physics, has led to the development of products as ubiquitous as VelcroTM (modeled after the spiny hooks on plant seeds and fruits). Readers will learn to take ideas and concepts like this from nature, implement them in research, and understand and explain diverse phenomena and their related functions. From bioinspired computing and medical products to biomimetic applications like artificial muscles, MEMS, textiles and vision sensors, Engineered Biomimicry explores a wide range of technologies informed by living natural systems. Engineered Biomimicry helps physicists, engineers and material scientists seek solutions in nature to the most pressing technical problems of our times, while providing a solid understanding of the important role of biophysics. Some physical applications include adhesion superhydrophobicity and self-cleaning, structural coloration, photonic devices, biomaterials and composite materials, sensor systems, robotics and locomotion, and ultra-lightweight structures. Explores biomimicry, a fast-growing, cross-disciplinary field in which researchers study biological activities in nature to make critical advancements in science and engineering Introduces bioinspiration, biomimetics, and bioreplication, and provides biological background and practical applications for each Cutting-edge topics include bio-inspired robotics, microflyers, surface modification and more