Particle Physics and Cosmology the Fabric of Spacetime

Particle Physics and Cosmology  the Fabric of Spacetime
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 590
Release: 2007-09-12
ISBN: 0080550606
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Particle Physics and Cosmology the Fabric of Spacetime Book Excerpt:

This book is a collection of lectures given in August 2006 at the Les Houches Summer School on “Particle Physics and Cosmology: the Fabric of Spacetime . It provides a pedagogical introduction to the various aspects of both particle physics beyond the Standard Model and Cosmology of the Early Universe, covering each topic from the basics to the most recent developments. · Provides a pedagogical introduction to topics at the interface of particle physics and cosmology · Addresses each topic from the basis to the most recent developments · Provides necessary tools to build new theoretical models addressing various issues both in cosmology and particle physics · Covers the lectures by internationally-renowned and leading experts · Faces the predictions of theoretical models against collider experimental data as well as from cosmological observations

Particle Physics and Cosmology

Particle Physics and Cosmology
Author: Francis Bernardeau,Christophe Grojean,J. Dalibard
Publsiher: Elsevier Science Limited
Total Pages: 558
Release: 2007
ISBN: 9780444530073
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Particle Physics and Cosmology Book Excerpt:

This book is a collection of lectures given in August 2006 at the Les Houches Summer School on “Particle Physics and Cosmology: the Fabric of Spacetime?. It provides a pedagogical introduction to the various aspects of both particle physics beyond the Standard Model and Cosmology of the Early Universe, covering each topic from the basics to the most recent developments. · Provides a pedagogical introduction to topics at the interface of particle physics and cosmology · Addresses each topic from the basis to the most recent developments · Provides necessary tools to build new theoretical models addressing various issues both in cosmology and particle physics · Covers the lectures by internationally-renowned and leading experts · Faces the predictions of theoretical models against collider experimental data as well as from cosmological observations

Dark Matter in Astrophysics and Particle Physics

Dark Matter in Astrophysics and Particle Physics
Author: Hans Volker Klapdor-Kleingrothaus,I. V. Krivosheina
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 603
Release: 2010
ISBN: 9814293784
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Dark Matter in Astrophysics and Particle Physics Book Excerpt:

Dark matter and dark energy are one of the central mysteries in modern physics, although modern astrophysical and cosmological observations and particle physics experiments can and will provide vital clues in uncovering its true nature. The DARK 2009 Conference brought together World?s leading researchers in both astrophysics and particle physics, providing an opportunity and platform to present their latest results to the community. The topics covered are wide-ranging, from terrestrial underground experiments to space experimental efforts to search for dark matter, and on the theoretical aspects, from the generating of a fifth family as origin of dark matter, extra dimensions and dark matter to non-standard Wigner classes and dark matter. One of the new highlights was certainly a possible connection between a neutrino mass as observed by nuclear double beta decay and the dark energy. Highly important and relevant in its field, the book presents a vital snapshot of the sometimes seemingly disparate areas of dark matter research and offers an exciting overview of current ideas and future directions.

The Fabric of the Cosmos

The Fabric of the Cosmos
Author: Brian Greene
Publsiher: Vintage
Total Pages: 592
Release: 2007-12-18
ISBN: 0307428532
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Fabric of the Cosmos Book Excerpt:

From Brian Greene, one of the world’s leading physicists and author of the Pulitzer Prize finalist The Elegant Universe, comes a grand tour of the universe that makes us look at reality in a completely different way. Space and time form the very fabric of the cosmos. Yet they remain among the most mysterious of concepts. Is space an entity? Why does time have a direction? Could the universe exist without space and time? Can we travel to the past? Greene has set himself a daunting task: to explain non-intuitive, mathematical concepts like String Theory, the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle, and Inflationary Cosmology with analogies drawn from common experience. From Newton’s unchanging realm in which space and time are absolute, to Einstein’s fluid conception of spacetime, to quantum mechanics’ entangled arena where vastly distant objects can instantaneously coordinate their behavior, Greene takes us all, regardless of our scientific backgrounds, on an irresistible and revelatory journey to the new layers of reality that modern physics has discovered lying just beneath the surface of our everyday world.

String Theory and the Real World From particle physics to astrophysics

String Theory and the Real World  From particle physics to astrophysics
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 692
Release: 2008-07-29
ISBN: 0080951511
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

String Theory and the Real World From particle physics to astrophysics Book Excerpt:

This book is a collection of lectures given in July 2007 at the Les Houches Summer School on "String Theory and the Real World: From particle physics to astrophysics." Provides a pedagogical introduction to topics in String Theory, and Cosmology Addresses each topic from the basis to the most recent developments Covers the lectures by internationally-renowned and leading experts

Post Planck Cosmology

Post Planck Cosmology
Author: Cédric Deffayet,Patrick Peter,Benjamin Wandelt,Matías Zaldarriaga,Leticia F. Cugliandolo
Publsiher: Lecture Notes of the Les Houch
Total Pages: 569
Release: 2015
ISBN: 0198728859
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Post Planck Cosmology Book Excerpt:

This book gathers the lecture notes of the 100th Les Houches Summer School, which was held in July 2013. These lectures represent a comprehensive pedagogical survey of the frontier of theoretical and observational cosmology just after the release of the first cosmological results of the Planck mission. The Cosmic Microwave Background is discussed as a possible window on the still unknown laws of physics at very high energy and as a backlight for studying the late-time Universe. Other lectures highlight connections of fundamental physics with other areas of cosmology and astrophysics, the successes and fundamental puzzles of the inflationary paradigm of cosmic beginning, the themes of dark energy and dark matter, and the theoretical developments and observational probes that will shed light on these cosmic conundrums in the years to come.

Concepts in Particle Physics

Concepts in Particle Physics
Author: V Parameswaran Nair
Publsiher: World Scientific Publishing Company
Total Pages: 328
Release: 2017-11-03
ISBN: 9813227575
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Concepts in Particle Physics Book Excerpt:

The 2013 discovery of the Higgs boson posed a challenge to both physics undergraduates and their instructors. Since particle physics is seldom taught at the undergraduate level, the question "what is the Higgs and why does its discovery matter?" is a common question among undergraduates. Equally, answering this question is a problem for physics instructors. This book is an attempt to put the key concepts of particle physics together in an appealing way, and yet give enough extra tidbits for students seriously considering graduate studies in particle physics. It starts with some recapitulation of relativity and quantum mechanics, and then builds on it to give both conceptual ideas regarding the Standard Model of particle physics as well as technical details. It is presented in an informal lecture style, and includes "remarks" sections where extra material, history, or technical details are presented for the interested student. The last lecture presents an assessment of the open questions, and where the future might take us.

Astroparticle Physics

Astroparticle Physics
Author: Claus Grupen
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 609
Release: 2020-01-27
ISBN: 3030273393
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Astroparticle Physics Book Excerpt:

Describes the branch of astronomy in which processes in the universe are investigated with experimental methods employed in particle-physics experiments. After a historical introduction the basics of elementary particles, Explains particle interactions and the relevant detection techniques, while modern aspects of astroparticle physics are described in a chapter on cosmology. Provides an orientation in the field of astroparticle physics that many beginners might seek and appreciate because the underlying physics fundamentals are presented with little mathematics, and the results are illustrated by many diagrams. Readers have a chance to enter this field of astronomy with a book that closes the gap between expert and popular level.

Dynamos

Dynamos
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 496
Release: 2011-07-29
ISBN: 0080560539
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Dynamos Book Excerpt:

Dynamos is a collection of lectures given in July 2007 at the Les Houches Summer School on "Dynamos". Provides a pedagogical introduction to topics in Dynamos Addresses each topic from the basis to the most recent developments Covers the lectures by internationally-renowned and leading experts

String Cosmology

String Cosmology
Author: Johanna Erdmenger
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2009-07-14
ISBN: 352762807X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

String Cosmology Book Excerpt:

This relatively new field applies equations from string theory to solve the questions of early cosmology, since the standard picture of our universe emerging from a 'big bang' leaves many fundamental issues unanswered. String theory, on the other hand, postulates that fundamental ingredients of nature are not zero-dimensional point particles but tiny one-dimensional filaments. This theory harmoniously unites quantum mechanics and general relativity -- the previously known laws of the small and the large -- which are otherwise incompatible. The field of string cosmology has matured considerably over the past few years, attracting many new adherents. Due to the multidisciplinary nature of the topic, it is difficult for practitioners to be conversant with all the many different aspects. This book thus fills a huge gap by bringing together all the different strains of research into one single volume. The resulting collection of selected articles presents the latest, ongoing results from renowned experts currently working in the field. From the contents: * Introduction to Cosmology and String Theory * String Inflation: Brane Inflation and Inflation from Moduli * Cosmic Superstrings * The CMB as a Possible Probe of String Theory * String Gas Cosmology * Gauge-gravity Duality and String Cosmology * Heterotic M-theory and C A welcome addition to the literature for graduate students, students in astronomy, astronomers, mathematicians and theoretical physicists.

Fundamental Aspects of Turbulent Flows in Climate Dynamics

Fundamental Aspects of Turbulent Flows in Climate Dynamics
Author: Freddy Bouchet,Tapio Schneider,Antoine Venaille,Christophe Salomon
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2020-02-05
ISBN: 0192597450
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fundamental Aspects of Turbulent Flows in Climate Dynamics Book Excerpt:

This volume, number 109 of the Les Houches Summer School series, presents the lectures held in August 2017 on the subject of turbulent flows in climate dynamics. Leading scientists in the fields of climate dynamics, atmosphere and ocean dynamics, geophysical fluid dynamics, physics and non-linear sciences present their views on this fast growing and interdisciplinary field of research, by venturing upon fundamental problems of atmospheric convection, clouds, large scale circulation, and predictability. Climate is controlled by turbulent flows. Turbulent motions are responsible for the bulk of the transport of energy, momentum, and water vapor in the atmosphere, which determine the distribution of temperature, winds, and precipitation on Earth. The aim of this book is to survey what is known about how turbulent flows control climate, what role they may play in climate change, and to outline where progress in this important area can be expected, given today's computational and observational capabilities. This book reviews the state-of-the-art developments in this field and provides an essential background to future studies. All chapters are written from a pedagogical perspective, making the book accessible to masters and PhD students and all researchers wishing to enter this field.

Current Trends in Atomic Physics

Current Trends in Atomic Physics
Author: Antoine Browaeys,Thierry Lahaye,Trey Porto,Matthias Weidemüller,Charles S. Adams,Leticia F. Cugliandolo
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 472
Release: 2019-05-14
ISBN: 0198837194
Category: SCIENCE
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Current Trends in Atomic Physics Book Excerpt:

This book gathers the lecture notes of courses given at Session CVII of the summer school in physics, entitled "Current Trends in Atomic Physics" and held in July, 2016 in Les Houches, France. Atomic physics provides a paradigm for exploring few-body quantum systems with unparalleled control. In recent years, this ability has been applied in diverse areas including condensed matter physics, high energy physics, chemistry and ultra-fast phenomena as well as foundational aspects of quantum physics. This book addresses these topics by presenting developments and current trends via a series of tutorials and lectures presented by international leading investigators.

Active Matter and Nonequilibrium Statistical Physics

Active Matter and Nonequilibrium Statistical Physics
Author: Julien Tailleur,Gerhard Gompper,M. Cristina Marchetti,Julia M. Yeomans,Christophe Salomon
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 673
Release: 2022-11-01
ISBN: 0192674099
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Active Matter and Nonequilibrium Statistical Physics Book Excerpt:

From molecular motors to bacteria, from crawling cells to large animals, active entities are found at all scales in the biological world. Active matter encompasses systems whose individual constituents irreversibly dissipate energy to exert self-propelling forces on their environment. Over the past twenty years, scientists have managed to engineer synthetic active particles in the lab, paving the way towards smart active materials. This book gathers a pedagogical set of lecture notes that cover topics in nonequilibrium statistical mechanics and active matter. These lecture notes stem from the first summer school on Active Matter delivered at the Les Houches school of Physics. The lectures covered four main research directions: collective behaviours in active-matter systems, passive and active colloidal systems, biophysics and active matter, and nonequilibrium statistical physics—from passive to active.

From Molecules to Living Organisms an Interplay Between Biology and Physics

From Molecules to Living Organisms  an Interplay Between Biology and Physics
Author: Eva Pebay-Peyroula,Christine Ziegler,Hugues Nury,François Parcy,Rob W. H. Ruigrok,Leticia F. Cugliandolo
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 463
Release: 2016
ISBN: 0198752954
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

From Molecules to Living Organisms an Interplay Between Biology and Physics Book Excerpt:

The aim of this title is to familiarise the new generation of PhD students and postdoctoral fellows with the principles and methods of modern lattice field theory, which aims to resolve fundamental, non-perturbative questions about QCD without uncontrolled approximations.

Topological Aspects of Condensed Matter Physics

Topological Aspects of Condensed Matter Physics
Author: Claudio Chamon,Mark O. Goerbig,Roderich Moessner,Leticia F. Cugliandolo
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 600
Release: 2017-02-16
ISBN: 019108879X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Topological Aspects of Condensed Matter Physics Book Excerpt:

This book contains lecture notes by world experts on one of the most rapidly growing fields of research in physics. Topological quantum phenomena are being uncovered at unprecedented rates in novel material systems. The consequences are far reaching, from the possibility of carrying currents and performing computations without dissipation of energy, to the possibility of realizing platforms for topological quantum computation.The pedagogical lectures contained in this book are an excellent introduction to this blooming field. The lecture notes are intended for graduate students or advanced undergraduate students in physics and mathematics who want to immerse in this exciting XXI century physics topic. This Les Houches Summer School presents an overview of this field, along with a sense of its origins and its placement on the map of fundamental physics advancements. The School comprised a set of basic lectures (part 1) aimed at a pedagogical introduction of the fundamental concepts, which was accompanied by more advanced lectures (part 2) covering individual topics at the forefront of today's research in condensed-matter physics.

Statistical Physics Optimization Inference and Message Passing Algorithms

Statistical Physics  Optimization  Inference  and Message Passing Algorithms
Author: Florent Krzakala,Federico Ricci-Tersenghi,Lenka Zdeborova,Eric W. Tramel,Riccardo Zecchina,Leticia F. Cugliandolo
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 319
Release: 2016
ISBN: 0198743734
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Statistical Physics Optimization Inference and Message Passing Algorithms Book Excerpt:

This text gathers the lecture notes of the Les Houches Summer School that was held in October 2013 for an audience of advanced graduate students and post-doctoral fellows in statistical physics, theoretical physics, machine learning, and computer science.

Quantum Optomechanics and Nanomechanics

Quantum Optomechanics and Nanomechanics
Author: Pierre-Francois Cohadon,Jack Harris,Leticia Cugliandolo
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 475
Release: 2020-02-20
ISBN: 0198828144
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Quantum Optomechanics and Nanomechanics Book Excerpt:

The Les Houches Summer School in August 2015 covered the emerging fields of cavity optomechanics and quantum nanomechanics. Optomechanics is flourishing and its concepts and techniques are now applied to a wide range of topics. Modern quantum optomechanics was born in the late 1970s in the framework of gravitational wave interferometry, with an initial focus on the quantum limits of displacement measurements. Carlton Caves, Vladimir Braginsky, and others realized that the sensitivity of the anticipated large-scale gravitational-wave interferometers (GWI) was fundamentally limited by the quantum fluctuations of the measurement laser beam. After tremendous experimental progress, the sensitivity of the upcoming next generation of GWI will effectively be limited by quantum noise. In this way, quantum-optomechanical effects will directly affect the operation of what is arguably the world's most impressive precision experiment. However, optomechanics has also gained a life of its own with a focus on the quantum aspects of moving mirrors. Laser light can be used to cool mechanical resonators well below the temperature of its environment. After proof-of-principle demonstrations of this cooling in 2006, a number of systems were used as the field gradually merged with its condensed matter cousin (nanomechanical systems) to try to reach the mechanical quantum ground state, eventually demonstrated in 2010 by pure cryogenic techniques and just one year later by a combination of cryogenic and radiation-pressure cooling. The book covers all aspects -- historical, theoretical, experimental -- of the field, with its applications to quantum measurement, foundations of quantum mechanics and quantum information. It is an essential read for any new researcher in the field.

Strongly Interacting Quantum Systems out of Equilibrium

Strongly Interacting Quantum Systems out of Equilibrium
Author: Thierry Giamarchi,Andrew J. Millis,Olivier Parcollet,Hubert Saleur,Leticia F. Cugliandolo
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 578
Release: 2016-11-17
ISBN: 0191080535
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Strongly Interacting Quantum Systems out of Equilibrium Book Excerpt:

Over the last decade new experimental tools and theoretical concepts are providing new insights into collective nonequilibrium behavior of quantum systems. The exquisite control provided by laser trapping and cooling techniques allows us to observe the behavior of condensed bose and degenerate Fermi gases under nonequilibrium drive or after `quenches' in which a Hamiltonian parameter is suddenly or slowly changed. On the solid state front, high intensity short-time pulses and fast (femtosecond) probes allow solids to be put into highly excited states and probed before relaxation and dissipation occur. Experimental developments are matched by progress in theoretical techniques ranging from exact solutions of strongly interacting nonequilibrium models to new approaches to nonequilibrium numerics. The summer school `Strongly interacting quantum systems out of equilibrium' held at the Les Houches School of Physics as its XCIX session was designed to summarize this progress, lay out the open questions and define directions for future work. This books collects the lecture notes of the main courses given in this summer school.

Quantum Optics and Nanophotonics

Quantum Optics and Nanophotonics
Author: Claude Fabre,Vahid Sandoghdar,Nicolas Treps,Leticia F. Cugliandolo
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 464
Release: 2017-09-15
ISBN: 0191081779
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Quantum Optics and Nanophotonics Book Excerpt:

Quantum Optics and Nanophotonics consists of the lecture notes of the Les Houches Summer School 101 held in August 2013. Some of the most eminent experts in this flourishing area of research have contributed chapters lying at the intersection of basic quantum science and advanced nanotechnology. The book is part of the renowned series of tutorial books that contain the lecture notes of all the Les Houches Summer Schools since the 1950's and cover the latest developments in physics and related fields.

Integrability

Integrability
Author: Patrick Dorey,Gregory Korschemsky,Nikita Nekrasov,Didina Serban
Publsiher: Lecture Notes of the Les Houch
Total Pages: 573
Release: 2019
ISBN: 0198828152
Category: Mathematics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Integrability Book Excerpt:

This volume, 106 of the Les Houches Summer School series, brings together applications of integrability to supersymmetric gauge and string theory. The book focuses on the application of integrability and problems in quantum field theory. Particular emphasis is given to the exact solution of planar N=4 super-Yang-Mills theory and its relation with string theory on the one hand, and the exact determination of the low-energy physics of N=2 super-Yang-Mills theories on the other; links with other domains are also explored. The purpose of the Les Houches Summer School was to bring together young researchers and specialists from statistical physics, condensed matter physics, gauge and string theory, and mathematics, to stimulate discussion across these different research areas.