Pediatrics in Systemic Autoimmune Diseases

Pediatrics in Systemic Autoimmune Diseases
Author: Rolando Cimaz,Thomas J.A. Lehman
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 606
Release: 2016-06-08
ISBN: 0444635971
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pediatrics in Systemic Autoimmune Diseases Book Excerpt:

Pediatrics in Systemic Autoimmune Diseases, Second Edition, provides a good starting point for physicians and scientists new to the field and for anyone looking for the most up-to-date summary of a particular disease. While many questions are answered, many more are raised for which we do not yet have the answers. The book provides inspiration to readers conducting their own research and helps to answer their questions. The care of children with systemic autoimmune diseases is moving forward at a rapid pace. The systemic autoimmune diseases of childhood have always represented a special problem for the physicians and scientists who care for the affected children and study their diseases. Some conditions, such as Kawasaki disease, are virtually unique to childhood, while systemic lupus erythematosus, progressive systemic sclerosis, and juvenile onset spondyloarthropathies may be thought of as the early onset of the same disease which is seen in adults. The autoinflammatory disorders appear to be of clear genetic origin, accounting for their frequent discovery in childhood. For many other conditions, such as juvenile dermatomyositis, the relationship between the conditions seen in children and that seen in adults is less certain. This book explores these phenomena, giving users a foundation on which to understand certain diseases. Includes completely updated chapters and five new chapters Explains the differences in systemic autoimmune diseases seen in children vs. those seen in adults Covers the latest advances in pathogenesis and clinical management of common conditions seen in pediatric rheumatology practices, benefiting both pediatric and adult rheumatologists, as well as physicians from other specialties Brings the reader up-to-date and allows easy access to individual topics in one place Provides the latest information available in a format that would give the clinician both a clear understanding of what has been done in the past and a scientific basis for deciding what to do for the next afflicted child in their care

Pediatrics in Systemic Autoimmune Diseases

Pediatrics in Systemic Autoimmune Diseases
Author: Rolando Cimaz,Thomas J.A. Lehman
Publsiher: Elsevier Science
Total Pages: 0
Release: 2007-11-13
ISBN: 9780444529718
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pediatrics in Systemic Autoimmune Diseases Book Excerpt:

Many of the systemic autoimmune diseases seen in children are different from those seen in adults making them a special problem for physicians and scientists who care for the affected children and study their diseases. Benefiting both pediatric and adult rheumatologists, as well as physicians from other specialties, this volume covers the latest advances in pathogenesis and clinical management of common conditions seen in pediatric rheumatology practices.

Pediatrics in Systemic Autoimmune Diseases

Pediatrics in Systemic Autoimmune Diseases
Author: Rolando Cimaz,Thomas J.A. Lehman
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 300
Release: 2007-11-13
ISBN: 9780080553443
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pediatrics in Systemic Autoimmune Diseases Book Excerpt:

Many of the systemic autoimmune diseases seen in children are different from those seen in adults making them a special problem for physicians and scientists who care for the affected children and study their diseases. Benefiting both pediatric and adult rheumatologists, as well as physicians from other specialties, this volume covers the latest advances in pathogenesis and clinical management of common conditions seen in pediatric rheumatology practices.

Vascular Manifestations of Systemic Autoimmune Diseases

Vascular Manifestations of Systemic Autoimmune Diseases
Author: Ronald A. Asherson,Ricard Cervera,Douglas A. Triplett,Steven B. Abramson
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 624
Release: 2001-01-25
ISBN: 1420040391
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Vascular Manifestations of Systemic Autoimmune Diseases Book Excerpt:

Not too long ago, it was thought that inflammation of blood vessels was the sole manifestation of systemic autoimmune diseases. Today, however, we know that disorders of coagulation, injuries to both neutrophils and endothelial cells, and certain lipids and amino acids are all intricately involved in the development of vascular disease. How are all

Antiphospholipid Syndrome in Systemic Autoimmune Diseases

Antiphospholipid Syndrome in Systemic Autoimmune Diseases
Author: R. Cervera,Ricard Cervera
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 266
Release: 2009-04-01
ISBN: 9780080932347
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Antiphospholipid Syndrome in Systemic Autoimmune Diseases Book Excerpt:

Antiphospholipid syndrome is an autoimmune disease that causes abnormal blood clots. It is now recognized as a major cause of common conditions, including stroke, heart attack, miscarriage, epilepsy and memory loss and as such is gaining recognition in all branches of medicine, from obstetrics to cardiology, from psychiatry to orthopedics. This book provides an overview of our current understanding of this major disease. It includes the latest information on the new pathogenetic mechanisms involved as well as clinical manifestations in both “the thrombotic and “non-thrombotic manifestations of this important disease. * Comprehensive review of this major disease * Includes information on treatment options available

The Lung in Autoimmune Diseases

The Lung in Autoimmune Diseases
Author: Fabiola Atzeni,Jose Gomez-Puerta,Jacobo Sellares
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 228
Release: 2022-02-16
ISBN: 032391084X
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Lung in Autoimmune Diseases Book Excerpt:

The Lung in Autoimmune Diseases, Volume Seventeen identifies and describes the role of the lung in the most common systemic autoimmune diseases. From disease patterns, prognosis and risks to treatment, this book provides a comprehensive approach for the role of the lung in autoimmune diseases and the influence of autoimmune disease on the lung’s functionality. In recent years, there is increasing knowledge in the field, including lung infection in early disease stages, mechanisms involved in lung damage, and new treatments. Recognition of lung involvement and implementation of some specific therapies is an important issue for clinicians dealing with systemic autoimmune diseases. Provides a comprehensive review of the different patterns of pulmonary involvement in systemic autoimmune diseases Describes new, targeted therapies for the treatment of systemic autoimmune diseases, including anti-fibrotics, biologics and vasodilators Gives insights on the prognosis of patients suffering from systemic autoimmune diseases Depicts better definitions of types of lung involvement in patients with an underlying systemic autoimmune disease

The Skin in Systemic Autoimmune Diseases

The Skin in Systemic Autoimmune Diseases
Author: Piercarlo Sarzi-Puttini
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 358
Release: 2006-01-26
ISBN: 9780080461922
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Skin in Systemic Autoimmune Diseases Book Excerpt:

This book represents the state-of-the-art in the field of skin and autoimmune rheumatic diseases. It covers systematically a growing and multifaceted topic which is of great importance in the clinical practice. It also serves as a sharp educational tool as each chapter provides summaries and specific highlights to key references cited into the text. The pathophysiological link between skin involvement and autoimmunity has been explained in detail, as well as diagnostic and therapeutic aspects. This book yields an impressive body of well ordered information which summarizes the experience of a selected panel of distinguished physicians and scientists actively involved in the field of skin immunology and systemic autoimmunity. * Written by a respected panel of distinguished physician-scientists actively involved in the field of skin immunology and systemic autoimmunity * Box summaries at the end of each chapter highlight important topics * Up-to-date basic knowledge as well as modern approach to diagnosis and therapy

Systemic Corticosteroids for Inflammatory Disorders in Pediatrics

Systemic Corticosteroids for Inflammatory Disorders in Pediatrics
Author: Rolando Cimaz
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2015
ISBN: 9783319160573
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Systemic Corticosteroids for Inflammatory Disorders in Pediatrics Book Excerpt:

This comprehensive volume provides the current state of the art use of corticosteroids in the pediatric age group. The book consists of 14 chapters written by leading authors from around the world. The first chapters deal with historical notes, general concepts on treatment with corticosteroids with regard to indications and side effects, and the basic pharmacologic properties of these compounds. The rest of the book is devoted to the specific use of corticosteroids in the different pediatric subspecialties. Despite advances with newer effective immunosuppressive and anti-inflammatory drugs, corticosteroids still remain the mainstay of therapy for many disorders. Rolando Cimaz is Head of the Pediatric Rheumatology Unit at Meyer Children's Hopital in Florence, Italy, and is an Associate Professor of Pediatrics at the University of Florence, Italy. He graduated from Milan University in Italy in 1987, is a specialist in Pediatrics (1991) and in Rheumatology (2003), and did his Fellowship in Pediatric Rheumatology in Dallas, Texas, USA, in 1993-1994. He was Maitre de Conférences des Universités at Université Claude Bernard-Lyon in Lyon, France from 2005 to 2007. His main interest is pediatric rheumatology, and he has special expertise and scientific interest in osteoporosis, antiphospholipid antibodies, Kawasaki disease, synovial T cells, and neonatal lupus. Currently he is involved in many research projects, nationally and internationally. He has been on the Council of the Pediatric Rheumatology European Society from 1999 to 2005 (treasurer), and from 2014-present (Research Chair). He is a member of the American College of Rheumatology, the Italian Society of Pediatrics, and the French Society of Pediatric Inflammatory Diseases. He is co-author of more than 230 peer-reviewed articles on PubMed, as well as more than 20 book chapters, all in the field of pediatric rheumatology. He is, or has been, on the Editorial board of several international journals (Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal, Lupus, Arthritis and Rheumatism) and co-edited the book "Systemic Autoimmune Diseases in Pediatrics.".

Surgery in Rheumatic and Musculoskeletal Disease

Surgery in Rheumatic and Musculoskeletal Disease
Author: Fabiola Atzeni,Ignacio Francesco Masala,Daniel Aletaha,Marcus Lee,Xenofon Baraliakos
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 228
Release: 2018-03-26
ISBN: 0444638881
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Surgery in Rheumatic and Musculoskeletal Disease Book Excerpt:

Surgery in Systemic Autoimmune Disease, Volume 15, describes the state-of-the-art of the use of surgery in treating the most common systemic autoimmune diseases (SADS). The volume consists of an introductory chapter concerning the impact of surgery on SADs, follow by eight chapters describing the use of surgery in the treatment of specific diseases in various areas (cardiology, gastroenterology, orthopedics, neurology. etc.) and the possible difficulties and complications. The final five chapters deal with the possible complications arising during the course of biological and non-biological treatment, also providing recommendation concerning their management. International in scope, the list of more than 20 contributors from Europa and America reads like a who’s who of clinical researchers in the field. Written by leading international clinical/surgical and scientific experts on surgical problems in SADs Provides a practical guide to the safer use of surgery in patients with autoimmune diseases Includes a number of problems and recommendations that cannot be found in other books Designed as a ‘guide to clinical practice’ for surgical interventions required by patients with SADs Gives a comprehensive review of the available surgical options

Endocrine Manifestations of Systemic Autoimmune Diseases

Endocrine Manifestations of Systemic Autoimmune Diseases
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 340
Release: 2008-06-05
ISBN: 9780080559322
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Endocrine Manifestations of Systemic Autoimmune Diseases Book Excerpt:

This book is one of the first to evaluate the role of Steroids in autoimmune rheumatic diseases from the basic mechanisms to the clinical involvements and focuses on the importance of steroidal hormones in the pathogenesis and therapeutic management of the autoimmune rheumatic diseases. In particular, the chapters analyze the mechanisms of action and the involvement of adrenal steroids (glucocorticoids) in the neuroendocrine immune system, including effects on the elderly. The perturbations of the HPA axis as a source of altered steroidal synthesis will be discussed and related to some interesting pathological conditions that commonly complicate the autoimmune rheumatic diseases such as psychosis or fibromyalgia. Concerning the role of gonadal steroids (sex hormones), several chapters will discuss clinical and epidemiological evidences of their role, as well as their effects as risk factors in autoimmune rheumatic diseases, including a section on pediatrics. *The premier issue evaluating the role of steroids in autoimmune rheumatic diseases from the basic mechanisms to the clinical involvements *Documents the latest research and indicate recent and coming new therapeutic-biological approaches to the therapy *The book will present therapeutic perspectives concerning the new glucocorticoids, and the effects of biological drugs on their synthesis

Pediatric Neurology

Pediatric Neurology
Author: Daniela. Pohl,Susanne. Benseler
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 544
Release: 2013-04-23
ISBN: 0128079320
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pediatric Neurology Book Excerpt:

Systemic disorders with possible involvement of the nervous system include a variety of diseases with presumed inflammatory and autoimmune pathomechanisms, among them Behçet disease, sarcoidosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, scleroderma, and Sjögren syndrome. This disease group encompasses systemic inflammatory disorders with a genetically defined dysregulation of the innate immune system as well as systemic autoimmune disorders characterized by alterations of the adaptive immunity such as autoantibodies and autoreactive T cells. Although more commonly diagnosed in adults, all of these diseases can manifest in childhood and some as early as infancy. Neurological involvement may represent the initial manifestation, and nearly every neurological symptom can be caused by inflammatory/autoimmune diseases. In a child with (sub)acute onset of otherwise unexplained neurological findings, consideration of inflammatory/autoimmune disorders may be of crucial therapeutic and prognostic importance. In the absence of disease-specific clinical features, the initial diagnostic workup is broad. Basic blood tests include inflammatory markers and autoantibodies. Cerebral magnetic resonance imaging and a lumbar puncture with measurement of opening pressure as well as cerebrospinal fluid analysis are indicated in most patients with central nervous system (CNS) involvement. Skin, muscle, or organ biopsies (e.g., renal) may provide additional information. Especially in patients with isolated CNS involvement, a brain biopsy may be indicated. Timely recognition and treatment of CNS inflammation may improve or even reverse clinical symptoms and prevent secondary brain injury.

Textbook of Clinical Pediatrics

Textbook of Clinical Pediatrics
Author: H. A. Harfi,H. Nazer,William Oh,F. B. Stapleton,R. J. Whitley
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 4159
Release: 2012-01-10
ISBN: 3642022022
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Textbook of Clinical Pediatrics Book Excerpt:

The new edition of this classic reference offers a problem-based approach to pediatric diseases. It encompasses almost all pediatric subspecialties and covers every pediatric disease and organ system. It includes case studies and over 750 lavish illustrations.

Textbook of Pediatric Rheumatology E Book

Textbook of Pediatric Rheumatology E Book
Author: James T. Cassidy,Ross E Petty,Ronald M. Laxer,Carol B Lindsley
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 816
Release: 2010-10-15
ISBN: 1437735967
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Textbook of Pediatric Rheumatology E Book Book Excerpt:

Textbook of Pediatric Rheumatology examines the full spectrum of rheumatologic diseases and non-rheumatologic musculoskeletal disorders in children and adolescents, detailing the presentation, differential diagnosis, course, management, and prognosis of every major condition. Drs. James T. Cassidy, Ross E. Petty, Ronald M. Laxer, and Carol B. Lindsley discuss recent developments in diagnosis, treatment, genetics, immunology, imaging, and more. Diagnose and treat effectively through exhaustive reviews of the complex symptoms and signs and lab abnormalities that characterize these clinical disorders. Choose treatment protocols based on the best scientific evidence available today. Apply the knowledge and experience of the leading experts in the field. Keep current with coverage of new topics including macrophage activation syndrome, pediatric sarcoidosis, uveitis, imaging, and occupational and physical therapy. Tap into detailed discussions of recent advances in the field, new research on the immunologic mechanisms of inflammatory disease, and new developments on biologic treatments for arthritis in ten new chapters. Master complex concepts and key techniques with a full-color design and full-color illustrations.

Immunophysiology of Pediatric Rheumatic Diseases

Immunophysiology of Pediatric Rheumatic Diseases
Author: Abbe N. de Vallejo,Ann Marie Reed,David Bending,Femke Van Wijk,Lucy R. Wedderburn
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2021-12-02
ISBN: 2889717844
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Immunophysiology of Pediatric Rheumatic Diseases Book Excerpt:

Feigin and Cherry s Textbook of Pediatric Infectious Diseases E Book

Feigin and Cherry s Textbook of Pediatric Infectious Diseases E Book
Author: James Cherry,Gail J. Demmler-Harrison,Sheldon L. Kaplan,William J. Steinbach,Peter J Hotez
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 3200
Release: 2013-10-05
ISBN: 0323186602
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Feigin and Cherry s Textbook of Pediatric Infectious Diseases E Book Book Excerpt:

Feigin and Cherry's Textbook of Pediatric Infectious Diseases helps you put the very latest knowledge to work for your young patients with unparalleled coverage of everything from epidemiology, public health, and preventive medicine through clinical manifestations, diagnosis, treatment, and much more. Ideal for all physicians, whether in an office or hospital setting, Feigin and Cherry’s equips you with trusted answers to your most challenging clinical infectious disease questions. Meet your most difficult clinical challenges in pediatric infectious disease, including today’s more aggressive infectious and resistant strains as well as emerging and re-emerging diseases, with unmatched, comprehensive coverage of immunology, epidemiology, public health, preventive medicine, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, treatment, and much more. Find the answers you need quickly thanks to an organization both by organ system and by etiologic microorganism, allowing you to easily approach any topic from either direction.

Periodic and Non Periodic Fevers

Periodic and Non Periodic Fevers
Author: Rolando Cimaz
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 283
Release: 2019-10-29
ISBN: 3030190552
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Periodic and Non Periodic Fevers Book Excerpt:

This book, written by very well-known opinion leaders in the field, covers all aspects of periodic and non –periodic fevers, and related disorders. The expression refers to several different auto-inflammatory diseases, showing similar symptoms–the primary symptom being a recurrent fever for an infectious cause cannot be found. The opening chapters give some historical hints, explain the genetic basis of the disease and provide insights into the pathogenesis derived from recent experimental studies and guides the reader through classification and nomenclature. A large part of the book is then devoted to a detailed description of the specific related diseases and their clinical presentations, the disease course, and potential complications in both pediatric and adult patients. The advice regarding treatment is based on the best currently available evidence in this constantly evolving area. The book is part of Springer’s series Rare Diseases of the Immune System, which presents recently acquired knowledge on pathogenesis, diagnosis, and therapy with the aim of promoting a more holistic approach to these conditions. Autoinflammatory diseases are hereditary disorders that are caused by single-gene defects in innate immune regulatory pathways and are characterized by a clinical and biological inflammatory syndrome in which there is limited, if any, evidence of autoimmunity. Periodic and Non-Periodic Fevers will be an invaluable source of up-to-date information for all practitioners involved in the care of patients with these disease.

Pediatric Rheumatology Comes of Age Part I An Issue of Rheumatic Disease Clinics of North America E Book

Pediatric Rheumatology Comes of Age  Part I  An Issue of Rheumatic Disease Clinics of North America  E Book
Author: Laura E. Schanberg︎,Yukiko Kimura︎
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2021-10-13
ISBN: 0323896812
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pediatric Rheumatology Comes of Age Part I An Issue of Rheumatic Disease Clinics of North America E Book Book Excerpt:

This issue of Rheumatic Disease Clinics, guest edited by Drs. Laura Schanberg and Yukiko Kimura, will focus on Pediatric Rheumatology. This issue is one of four selected each year by our series Consulting Editor, Dr. Michael Weisman. Part II, also edited by Drs. Kimura and Schanberg, will publish subsequently and cover additional topics relevant for pediatric rheumatologists. Topics discussed in this issue include but are not limited to: TMJ, CNO (CRMO), Update JIA treatment, Pharmacology of biologics in kids, Juvenile Spondylitis, Juvenile fibro update, JDM update, Pediatric Sjogrens, Localized scleroderma, Systemic Sclerosis, Uveitis, COVID-19 in pediatrics, Recent advances in pediatric vasculitis, and Autoinflammatory diseases. Provides in-depth, clinical reviews on the latest updates in Pediatric Rheumatology, providing actionable insights for clinical practice. Presents the latest information on this timely, focused topic under the leadership of experienced editors in the field; Authors synthesize and distill the latest research and practice guidelines to create these timely topic-based reviews.

Pediatric Autoimmunity and Transplantation

Pediatric Autoimmunity and Transplantation
Author: Farzaneh Rahmani,Nima Rezaei
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 496
Release: 2019-11-04
ISBN: 3030262804
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pediatric Autoimmunity and Transplantation Book Excerpt:

This book is a collection of case-based questions, directed towards and meticulously selected to cover the most common and important aspects of pediatric autoimmune disorders. Autoimmune disorders of infancy and childhood, rheumatological disorders, dermatologic autoimmune disorders, autoinflammatory disorders, and clinical immunology in solid organ and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation are among the topics covered. Each chapter starts with a case description followed by a series of 5-6 multiple choice questions (MCQ), presenting the flow from diagnosis to treatment in a step-wise, logical manner. The text guides the reader through the stream of real clinical practice from initial presentation, differential diagnosis, next best step, lab data, and definitive diagnosis to management and adverse effects of therapy. This MCQ format along with precise, yet detailed answer ensure a quick, reality learning to the reader. The book provides a quick guide and hands-on learning experience for pediatricians, hematologists, immunologists, transplant specialists, pulmonologists, as well as PhD and post-graduate researchers around the world.

Systemic Vasculitis

Systemic Vasculitis
Author: Lotfi Hendaoui,Anthony W. Stanson,M. Habib Bouhaouala,Francis Joffre
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 511
Release: 2011-10-13
ISBN: 9783642024849
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Systemic Vasculitis Book Excerpt:

The prompt diagnosis of systemic vasculitis is essential as a missed diagnosis can be disastrous. Imaging is of vital importance in achieving a correct diagnosis and in some cases also plays a role in endovascular treatment. In this book, the imaging features of the many different types of vasculitis are clearly demonstrated by means of numerous high-quality illustrations. All relevant imaging modalities are considered, and key distinctive characteristics are highlighted. In addition, each chapter discusses the etiology, epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical presentation, biology, and treatment of the vasculitis in question. This book is the result of cooperation between expert teams from a range of countries. The wealth of illustrations and informative clinical case studies will prove invaluable for all who may be confronted with these problematic disorders.

Pediatric Neurology

Pediatric Neurology
Author: Lily Lim,Sarah Lippe,Earl Silverman
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 544
Release: 2013-04-23
ISBN: 0128079355
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pediatric Neurology Book Excerpt:

The location of both autoimmune processes and other causes of brain inflammation is important in determining the impact of inflammation on brain function. This chapter focuses on autoimmune and infectious diseases leading to inflammatory brain disease resulting in cognitive defects with a special focus on systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Collectively called neuropsychiatric SLE (NPSLE), NPSLE occurs in 20–95% of pediatric patients with SLE (pSLE). The incidence of cognitive dysfunction is difficult to ascertain in pediatric patients as few studies have been performed. Using formal neurocognitive testing of unselected pediatric SLE patients, the rate of cognitive abnormalities was approximately 50% and impairment was associated with longer disease duration in one study. A second small study showed global depression on performance and academic scores while a larger study using a neuropsychiatric inventory showed a 55% rate of dysfunction. These diverging findings may result from the lack of a standardized cognitive assessment battery. The Childhood Arthritis and Rheumatology Research Alliance (CARRA) group of pediatric rheumatologists proposed a 2 hour 40 minutes battery for assessment of cognitive testing of SLE patients from age 9 to 18 years. Further assessments using this battery should provide a better neurocognitive profile of pSLE.