Personality Cults In Stalinism

Author by : Klaus Heller
Languange : de
Publisher by : Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
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The Stalin Cult

Author by : Jan Plamper
Languange : en
Publisher by : Yale University Press
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Description : Between the late 1920s and the early 1950s, one of the most persuasive personality cults of all times saturated Soviet public space with images of Stalin. A torrent of portraits, posters, statues, films, plays, songs, and poems galvanized the Soviet population and inspired leftist activists around the world. In the first book to examine the cultural products and production methods of the Stalin cult, Jan Plamper reconstructs a hidden history linking artists, party patrons, state functionaries, and ultimately Stalin himself in the alchemical project that transformed a pock-marked Georgian into the embodiment of global communism. Departing from interpretations of the Stalin cult as an outgrowth of Russian mysticism or Stalin's psychopathology, Plamper establishes the cult's context within a broader international history of modern personality cults constructed around Napoleon III, Mussolini, Hitler, and Mao. Drawing upon evidence from previously inaccessible Russian archives, Plamper's lavishly illustrated and accessibly written study will appeal to anyone interested in twentieth-century history, visual studies, the politics of representation, dictator biography, socialist realism, and real socialism.


The Personality Cult Of Stalin In Soviet Posters 1929 1953 Archetypes Inventions And Fabrications

Author by : Anita Pisch
Languange : en
Publisher by :
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Description : From 1929 until 1953, Iosif Stalin's image became a central symbol in Soviet propaganda. Touched up images of an omniscient Stalin appeared everywhere: emblazoned across buildings and lining the streets; carried in parades and woven into carpets; and saturating the media of socialist realist painting, statuary, monumental architecture, friezes, banners, and posters. From the beginning of the Soviet regime, posters were seen as a vitally important medium for communicating with the population of the vast territories of the USSR. Stalin's image became a symbol of Bolshevik values and the personification of a revolutionary new type of society. The persona created for Stalin in propaganda posters reflects how the state saw itself or, at the very least, how it wished to appear in the eyes of the people. The 'Stalin' who was celebrated in posters bore but scant resemblance to the man Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili, whose humble origins, criminal past, penchant for violent solutions and unprepossessing appearance made him an unlikely recipient of uncritical charismatic adulation. The Bolsheviks needed a wise, nurturing and authoritative figure to embody their revolutionary vision and to legitimate their hold on power. This leader would come to embody the sacred and archetypal qualities of the wise Teacher, the Father of the nation, the great Warrior and military strategist, and the Saviour of first the Russian land, and then the whole world. This book is the first dedicated study on the marketing of Stalin in Soviet propaganda posters. Drawing on the archives of libraries and museums throughout Russia, hundreds of previously unpublished posters are examined, with more than 130 reproduced in full colour. The personality cult of Stalin in Soviet posters, 1929-1953 is a unique and valuable contribution to the discourse in Stalinist studies across a number of disciplines.


The Personality Cult Of Stalin In Soviet Posters 1929 1953

Author by : Anita Pisch
Languange : en
Publisher by : ANU Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 28
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Description : From 1929 until 1953, Iosif Stalin’s image became a central symbol in Soviet propaganda. Touched up images of an omniscient Stalin appeared everywhere: emblazoned across buildings and lining the streets; carried in parades and woven into carpets; and saturating the media of socialist realist painting, statuary, monumental architecture, friezes, banners, and posters. From the beginning of the Soviet regime, posters were seen as a vitally important medium for communicating with the population of the vast territories of the USSR. Stalin’s image became a symbol of Bolshevik values and the personification of a revolutionary new type of society. The persona created for Stalin in propaganda posters reflects how the state saw itself or, at the very least, how it wished to appear in the eyes of the people. The ‘Stalin’ who was celebrated in posters bore but scant resemblance to the man Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili, whose humble origins, criminal past, penchant for violent solutions and unprepossessing appearance made him an unlikely recipient of uncritical charismatic adulation. The Bolsheviks needed a wise, nurturing and authoritative figure to embody their revolutionary vision and to legitimate their hold on power. This leader would come to embody the sacred and archetypal qualities of the wise Teacher, the Father of the nation, the great Warrior and military strategist, and the Saviour of first the Russian land, and then the whole world. This book is the first dedicated study on the marketing of Stalin in Soviet propaganda posters. Drawing on the archives of libraries and museums throughout Russia, hundreds of previously unpublished posters are examined, with more than 130 reproduced in full colour. The personality cult of Stalin in Soviet posters, 1929–1953 is a unique and valuable contribution to the discourse in Stalinist studies across a number of disciplines.


The Leader Cult In Communist Dictatorships

Author by : B. Apor
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
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Description : The first book to analyze the distinct leader cults that flourished in the era of 'High Stalinism' as an integral part of the system of dictatorial rule in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. Fifteen studies explore the way in which these cults were established, their function and operation, their dissemination and reception, the place of the cults in art and literature, the exportation of the Stalin cult and its implantment in the communist states of Eastern Europe, and the impact which de-Stalinisation had on these cults.


Stalin S Cult Of Personality

Author by : Graeme J. Reid
Languange : en
Publisher by :
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Thank You Comrade Stalin

Author by : Julia Bow
Languange : en
Publisher by :
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The Invisible Shining

Author by : Balázs Apor
Languange : en
Publisher by : Central European University Press
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Description : This book offers a detailed analysis of the construction, reception, and eventual decline of the cult of the Hungarian Communist Party Secretary, Mátyás Rákosi, one of the most striking examples of orchestrated adulation in the Soviet bloc. While his cult never approached the magnitude of that of Stalin, Rákosi’s ambition to outshine the other “best disciples” and become the best of the best was manifest in his diligence in promoting a Soviet-type ritual system in Hungary. The main argument of The Invisible Shining is that the cult of personality is not just a curious aspect of communist dictatorship, it is an essential element of it. The monograph is primarily concerned with techniques and methods of cult construction, as well as the role various institutions played in the creation of mythical representations of political figures. While engaging with a wider international literature on Stalinist cults, the author uses the case of Rákosi to explore how personality cults are created, how such cults are perceived, and how they are eventually unmade. The book addresses the success—generally questionable—of such projects, as well as their uncomfortable legacies.


Stalin And Stalinism

Author by : Alan Wood
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Description : Examination of Stalin's ambiguous personal and political legacy, his achievements and his crimes - all now under intense scrutiny and reappraisal throughout the USSR and Eastern Europe.


Generation Stalin

Author by : Andrew Sobanet
Languange : en
Publisher by : Indiana University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 55
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Description : Generation Stalin traces Joseph Stalin's rise as a dominant figure in French political culture from the 1930s through the 1950s. Andrew Sobanet brings to light the crucial role French writers played in building Stalin's cult of personality and in disseminating Stalinist propaganda in the international Communist sphere, including within the USSR. Based on a wide array of sources—literary, cinematic, historical, and archival—Generation Stalin situates in a broad cultural context the work of the most prominent intellectuals affiliated with the French Communist Party, including Goncourt winner Henri Barbusse, Nobel laureate Romain Rolland, renowned poet Paul Eluard, and canonical literary figure Louis Aragon. Generation Stalin arrives at a pivotal moment, with the Stalin cult and elements of Stalinist ideology resurgent in twenty-first-century Russia and authoritarianism on the rise around the world.


On The Creation Of Gods

Author by : Jonathon Randall Dreeze
Languange : en
Publisher by :
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Description : Abstract: This thesis attempts to explain the continued presence of Vladimir Lenin's image in Joseph Stalin's cult of personality in the postwar era, long after the General Secretary no longer had to rely on his predecessor's image or persona to legitimize his power over the Soviet Union. While the presence of Lenin's image in the Stalin cult varied in both frequency and form, it continued to inform the imagery of Stalin cult up until the Soviet dictator's death in 1953 and the placement of his body alongside Lenin's in the newly christened Lenin-Stalin Mausoleum on Red Square. This thesis argues that the visual imagery of Stalin's cult used the image and persona of Vladimir Lenin as the founder of the Soviet state to legitimize Stalin's rule over the Soviet Union, and later to aggrandize the image of the General Secretary. This work also examines the changing purpose and nature of the Stalin cult, as well as the effect that World War II had on Stalin's image. It posits that before World War II, the main purpose of the visual imagery of the Stalin cult was to legitimize Stalin's rule over the Soviet Union, as well as his plans for constructing socialism through collectivization and industrialization. With victory over Nazi Germany in World War II and its legitimization of Stalin's rule and policies, the purpose of the Stalin cult changed from legitimizing Stalin's rule to aggrandizing his image. This thesis ultimately concludes that while the Stalin cult propelled the image of the Soviet dictator to near god-like heights of grandeur as a result of the victory in World War II, such resplendent depictions of Stalin relied heavily on the symbolic power of Lenin's image within, and at times outside of, the Stalin cult in order elevate the General Secretary to such glorified heights.


International Communism And The Cult Of The Individual

Author by : Kevin Morgan
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
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Description : This book explores how the communist cult of the individual was not just a Soviet phenomenon but an international one. When Stalin died in 1953, the communists of all countries united in mourning the figure that was the incarnation of their cause. Though its international character was one of the distinguishing features of the communist cult of personality, this is the first extended study to approach the phenomenon over the longer period of its development in a truly transnational and comparative perspective. Crucially it is concerned with the internationalisation of the Soviet cults of Lenin and Stalin. But it also ranges across different periods and national cases to consider a wider cast of bureaucrats, tribunes, heroes and martyrs who symbolised both resistance to oppression and the tyranny of the party-state. Through studying the disparate ways in which the cults were manifested, Kevin Morgan not only takes in many of the leading personalities of the communist movement, but also some of the cultural luminaries like Picasso and Barbusse who sought to represent them. The cult of the individual was one of the most fascinating, troubling and revealing features of Stalinist communism, and as reconstructed here it offers new insight into one of the defining political movements of the twentieth century.


The Invisible Shining

Author by : Balázs Apor
Languange : en
Publisher by :
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Total Read : 46
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Practicing Stalinism

Author by : J. Arch Getty
Languange : en
Publisher by : Yale University Press
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Description : DIVIn old Russia, patron/client relations, "clan" politics, and a variety of other informal practices spanned the centuries. Government was understood to be patrimonial and personal rather than legal, and office holding was far less important than proximity to patrons. Working from heretofore unused documents from the Communist archives, J. Arch Getty shows how these political practices and traditions from old Russia have persisted throughout the twentieth-century Soviet Union and down to the present day./divDIV /divDIVGetty examines a number of case studies of political practices in the Stalin era and after. These include cults of personality, the transformation of Old Bolsheviks into noble grandees, the Communist Party's personnel selection system, and the rise of political clans ("family circles") after the 1917 Revolutions. Stalin's conflicts with these clans, and his eventual destruction of them, were key elements of the Great Purges of the 1930s. But although Stalin could destroy the competing clans, he could not destroy the historically embedded patron-client relationship, as a final chapter on political practice under Putin shows. /div


Images Of Dictatorship Routledge Library Editions Joseph Stalin

Author by : Rosalind Marsh
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Description : Originally published in 1989, this book presented the first study of the image of Stalin in literature. Analysing the literary presentaiton of historical character and the treatment of 20th Century tyrants in European prose fiction, the book draws a comparison between the depiction of Hitler in German literature and Stalin in Russian literature. It explores the way in which Stalin has been portrayed by Soviet, emigré Russian, and European writers including Orwell, Nabokov, Mandelstam, Pasternak and Solzhenitsyn. It examines in detail two important novels which had hitherto received little critical attention: the revised (1978) version of Sozhenitsyn's The First Circle and Anatoly Rybakov's Children of the Arbat. This book will be of interest to students of Soviet/Russian literature, history and politics and those intsted in the relationship between history and fiction in the 20th Century.


Power In Stalinist States

Author by : John Oliver Kinder
Languange : en
Publisher by :
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Soviet Leaders

Author by : Olga A. Narkiewicz
Languange : en
Publisher by :
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Description : Biographies of Khrushchev, Brezhnev, Andropov, Chemenko and Gorbachev.


Revisioning Stalin And Stalinism

Author by : James Ryan
Languange : en
Publisher by : Bloomsbury Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 18
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Description : This thought-provoking collection of essays analyses the complex, multi-faceted, and even contradictory nature of Stalinism and its representations. Stalinism was an extraordinarily repressive and violent political model, and yet it was led by ideologues committed to a vision of socialism and international harmony. The essays in this volume stress the complex, multi-faceted, and often contradictory nature of Stalin, Stalinism, and Stalinist-style leadership, and. explore the complex picture that emerges. Broadly speaking, three important areas of debate are examined, united by a focus on political leadership: * The key controversies surrounding Stalin's leadership role * A reconsideration of Stalin and the Cold War * New perspectives on the cult of personality Revisioning Stalin and Stalinism is a crucial volume for all students and scholars of Stalin's Russia and Cold War Europe.


Autobiographical Practices In Russia

Author by : Jochen Hellbeck
Languange : en
Publisher by : Ruprecht Gmbh & Company
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Total Read : 81
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Description : This English-German volume examines forms and mechanisms of self-representation in Russia in the 19th and 20th centuries. Noted historians and literary scholars from Russia, Europe, and the United States reveal a richness and diversity of autobiographical thinking and acting that belies stereotypes of underdeveloped forms of selfhood in Russia.Der vorliegende Band, zu dem Historiker und Slawisten aus Russland, Europa und den Vereinigten Staaten beigetragen haben, erforscht Formen und Mechanismen der Selbstrepräsentation in Russland im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert. Die Essays beleuchten eine reiche und vielfältige autobiographische Praxis - ganz im Widerspruch zu landläufigen Vorstellungen von einer unterentwickelten russischen Kultur des Selbst.


Kritika

Author by :
Languange : en
Publisher by :
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Total Read : 70
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Revisioning Stalin And Stalinism

Author by : James Ryan
Languange : en
Publisher by : Bloomsbury Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 77
Total Download : 741
File Size : 47,8 Mb
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Description : This thought-provoking collection of essays analyses the complex, multi-faceted, and even contradictory nature of Stalinism and its representations. Stalinism was an extraordinarily repressive and violent political model, and yet it was led by ideologues committed to a vision of socialism and international harmony. The essays in this volume stress the complex, multi-faceted, and often contradictory nature of Stalin, Stalinism, and Stalinist-style leadership, and. explore the complex picture that emerges. Broadly speaking, three important areas of debate are examined, united by a focus on political leadership: * The key controversies surrounding Stalin's leadership role * A reconsideration of Stalin and the Cold War * New perspectives on the cult of personality Revisioning Stalin and Stalinism is a crucial volume for all students and scholars of Stalin's Russia and Cold War Europe.


Myth Memory Trauma

Author by : Polly Jones
Languange : en
Publisher by : Yale University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 49
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Description : DIVDrawing on newly available materials from the Soviet archives, Polly Jones offers an innovative, comprehensive account of de-Stalinization in the Soviet Union during the Khrushchev and early Brezhnev eras. Jones traces the authorities’ initiation and management of the de-Stalinization process and explores a wide range of popular reactions to the new narratives of Stalinism in party statements and in Soviet literature and historiography./divDIV /divDIVEngaging with the dynamic field of memory studies, this book represents the first sustained comparison of this process with other countries’ attempts to rethink their own difficult pasts, and with later Soviet and post-Soviet approaches to Stalinism./divDIV/div


Kuroda S Thought On Revolution

Author by : Hirokazu Kuroda
Languange : en
Publisher by :
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Exotic Moscow Under Western Eyes

Author by : Irene Masing-Delic
Languange : en
Publisher by :
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Total Read : 54
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Description : This collection of essays on Turgenev, Goncharov, Conrad, Dostoevsky, Blok, Briusov, Gor'kii, Pasternak and Nabokov presents a unified vision of diverse voices. Recurring themes in Masing-Delic's work include the distinction between “culture” and “civilization” with Russia as the bearer of culture because it is “barbaric.” Another deals with the synthesis of “sense and sensibility” and the vision of “Apollo” and “Dionysus” creating a “civilized culture” together. Voices that delight in the artificiality of civilization are complemented by those apprehensive of the dangers of barbarism. Adding new perspectives to the much-debated opposition of vital Russia and a declining West, Masing-Delic offers novel interpretations of classics from Oblomov to Lolita and The Idiot to Doctor Zhivago.


New Politics

Author by :
Languange : en
Publisher by :
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Stalin S Russia Teach Yourself Ebook

Author by : David Evans
Languange : en
Publisher by : Hachette UK
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Description : Understand Stalin's Russia is a compelling introduction to a man and a nation long enveloped in mystery. It covers all aspects of this fascinating history, from the shadows of Tsarism and the legacy of Lenin, to the implications of Stalin's rule - including the horrific effects of the five-year plans, and the heroic but costly triumph in the Great Patriotic War.


Summary Of The Yugoslav Press

Author by : Joint Translation Service
Languange : en
Publisher by :
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The Dilemmas Of De Stalinization

Author by : Polly Jones
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 29
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Description : The Khrushchev era is increasingly seen as a period in its own right, and not just as 'post-Stalinism' or a forerunner of subsequent 'thaws' and 'reform from within'. This book provides a comprehensive history of reform in the period, focusing especially on social and cultural developments. Since the opening of the former Soviet archives, much new information has become available casting light on how far official policies correlated with popular views. Overall the book appraises how far 'Destalinization' went; and whether developments in the period represented a real desire for reform, or rather an attempt to fortify the Soviet system, but on different lines.


Stalin And Stalinism

Author by : Martin McCauley
Languange : en
Publisher by : Pearson Education
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Description : One of the most successful dictators of the twentieth century, Stalin believed that fashioning a better tomorrow was worth sacrificing the lives of millions today. He built a modern Russia on the corpses of millions of its citizens. First published in 1983, Stalin and Stalinism has established itself as one of the most popular textbooks for those who want to understand the Stalin phenomenon. Written in a clear and accessible manner, and fully updated throughout to incorporate recent research findings, the book also contains a chronology of key events, Who?s Who and Guide to Further Reading. This concise assessment of one of the major figures of twentieth century world history remains an essential purchase for students studying the subject.


Ccea As Level History Student Guide Russia 1914 1941

Author by : Fin Lappin
Languange : en
Publisher by : Hachette UK
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Description : Build, reinforce and assess students' knowledge throughout their course; tailored to the 2016 CCEA specification and brought to you by the leading History publisher, this study and revision guide combines clear content coverage with practice questions and sample answers. - Ensure understanding of the period with concise coverage of all Unit content, broken down into manageable chunks - Develop the analytical and evaluative skills that students need to succeed in A-level History - Consolidate understanding with exam tips and knowledge-check questions - Practise exam-style questions matched to the CCEA assessment requirements for every question type - Improve students' exam technique and show them how to reach the next grade with sample student answers and commentary for each exam-style question - Use flexibly in class or at home, for knowledge acquisition during the course or focused revision and exam preparation