The Science and Technology of the Environment

The Science and Technology of the Environment
Author: James G. Speight
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 379
Release: 2022-10-27
ISBN: 1000565084
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Science and Technology of the Environment Book Excerpt:

Understanding current environmental issues requires having a critical eye to all information related to the release and distribution of chemicals into the environment. This new book offers scientists, researchers, and students an essential understanding of natural environments and the way in which they function by providing clear explanations of the fundamental aspects of environmental science and technology from a multidisciplinary perspective. Written in a convenient and easy-to-read style, this volume covers the important aspects of environmental science and technology, focusing on the many issues that are related to the effects of chemical waste on various ecosystems as well as on pollutant mitigation and clean-up. The volume discusses several key environmental problems such as pollution, ozone layer depletion, acid rain, and global warming affecting the Earth’s atmosphere, aquasphere, and geosphere over the past four decades. The author takes an interdisciplinary approach to explain the environmental conditions of earth affected by physical, chemical, biological, and human interactions that transform and transport materials and energy. The Science and Technology of the Environment is a ready-at-hand guide to the many issues that are related to the effects of chemicals on various ecosystems as well as to pollutant mitigation and clean-up that will be valuable to students at all levels as well as a refresher for scientists, researchers, policymakers, and others.

Petroleum and Marine Technology Information Guide

Petroleum and Marine Technology Information Guide
Author: J. Hutcheon,A. Myers,S. Oue,B. Rodden,J. Whittick
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 405
Release: 2003-09-02
ISBN: 1482271230
Category: Architecture
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Petroleum and Marine Technology Information Guide Book Excerpt:

First published in 1981 as the Offshore Information Guide this guide to information sources has been hailed internationally as an indispensable handbook for the oil, gas and marine industries.

Recent Developments in Management Science in Engineering

Recent Developments in Management Science in Engineering
Author: Jiuping Xu
Publsiher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Total Pages: 215
Release: 2021-08-06
ISBN: 1527573427
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Recent Developments in Management Science in Engineering Book Excerpt:

Modern Well Design

Modern Well Design
Author: Bernt S. Aadnoy
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 314
Release: 2010-09-15
ISBN: 0203836138
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Modern Well Design Book Excerpt:

Modern Well Design - Second Edition presents a unified approach to the well design process and drilling operations. Following an introduction to the field, the second chapter addresses drilling fluids, as well as optimal mud weight, hole cleaning, hydraulic optimization, and methods to handle circulation losses. A relatively large chapter on geomec

Mining Science and Technology

Mining Science and Technology
Author: Yuehan Wang,Shirong Ge,Guangli Guo
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 1006
Release: 2004-09-15
ISBN: 9780415361446
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mining Science and Technology Book Excerpt:

Jointly sponsored by the China University of Mining and Technology and the University of Nottingham, UK, a total of 187 papers have been included in the proceedings, of which fifty-two are contributed by authors outside of China. Scholars and experts from both China and abroad discuss and exchange information on the latest developments in mining science and technology worldwide, which cover extensive areas ranging from mine operation and safety technology, geology and methane drainage, geomechanics, mine construction and tunnelling, mineral processing and clean coal technology, mine control and automation to mine environment, mine economics and management.

Statistics of Land grant Colleges and Universities

Statistics of Land grant Colleges and Universities
Author: United States. Office of Education
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1960
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Agricultural colleges
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Statistics of Land grant Colleges and Universities Book Excerpt:

Gas Allocation Optimization Methods in Artificial Gas Lift

Gas Allocation Optimization Methods in Artificial Gas Lift
Author: Ehsan Khamehchi,Mohammad Reza Mahdiani
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 46
Release: 2016-12-31
ISBN: 3319514512
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Gas Allocation Optimization Methods in Artificial Gas Lift Book Excerpt:

This Brief offers a comprehensive study covering the different aspects of gas allocation optimization in petroleum engineering. It contains different methods of defining the fitness function, dealing with constraints and selecting the optimizer; in each chapter a detailed literature review is included which covers older and important studies as well as recent publications. This book will be of use for production engineers and students interested in gas lift optimization.

Economically and Environmentally Sustainable Enhanced Oil Recovery

Economically and Environmentally Sustainable Enhanced Oil Recovery
Author: M. R. Islam
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 816
Release: 2020-03-17
ISBN: 1119479096
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Economically and Environmentally Sustainable Enhanced Oil Recovery Book Excerpt:

There have been many books on the topic of Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) over the last 100 years. They all, however, focus on how to recover more oil faster, taking a rather myopic approach. The solutions presented all work fantastically in theory and even in the laboratory, but each fails to produce results in the field with long-term success. The petroleum industry is almost resigned to the belief that for an EOR technique to be successful, it must be propped up with public funds or must compromise environmental integrity. In line with modern engineering practices, previous books discuss how existing technologies can be tweaked to accommodate for any shortcomings that just came to light. This book is unlike any other book on the topic of recovery in particular and engineering in general. This groundbreaking volume is a continuation of the author’s and his research group’s work that started publishing on the subject of global sustainability involving energy and the environment, dating back to early 2000s. Starting with a paradigm shift in engineering that involves a long-term focus, rather than looking for short-term solutions, the methods and theories presented here delve into applying green engineering and zero waste principles to EOR. Historically, EOR has received mixed success, mainly because innovations in these disciplines relied heavily on processed materials, which are both uneconomical and toxic to the environment. This book explains how engineers missed entirely the causes of unsustainability in these technologies due to the prevalence of many myths that are embedded in modern engineering. Once these myths are deconstructed, the appropriate technologies emerge and the merits of them both in terms of economic and environmental benefits become clear. The book reveals how previous practices in EOR can be replaced with their sustainable versions while saving in material costs. A number of innovative technologies are introduced that can render well known technologies, such as steam flood, in situ combustion, chemical flooding, and microbial EOR environmentally sustainable and economically attractive. A triple dividend is received once these technologies are applied in otherwise marginal reservoirs, unconventional plays and even abandoned formations. The overall reserve, which reflects recoverable oil with new technologies, goes up drastically. Further benefits are drawn when processes such as value addition of waste material is performed. Overall this book shows how EOR can be rendered green while increasing the profitability. This is in stark contrast to the past practices that considered environmental integrity as a drain on profitability. This book proves that a paradigm shift can turn a “technological disaster” into a technological marvel.

Structural Engineering and Geomechanics Volume 1

Structural Engineering and Geomechanics   Volume 1
Author: Sashi K. Kunnath
Publsiher: EOLSS Publications
Total Pages: 386
Release: 2020-06-22
ISBN: 1780210159
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Structural Engineering and Geomechanics Volume 1 Book Excerpt:

An understanding of dynamic effects on structures is critical to minimize losses from earthquakes and other hazards. These three books provide an overview of essential topics in structural and geotechnical engineering with an additional focus on related topics in earthquake engineering to enable readers gain such an understanding. One of the ultimate objectives of these books is to provide readers with insights into seismic analysis and design. However, in order to accomplish that objective, background material on structural and geotechnical engineering is necessary. Hence the first two sections of the book provide this background material followed by selected topics in earthquake engineering. The material is organized into three major parts. The first section covers topics in structural engineering. Beginning with fundamental mechanics of materials, the book includes chapters on linear and nonlinear analysis as well as topics on modeling of structures from different perspectives. In addition to traditional design of structural systems, introductions to important concepts in structural reliability and structural stability are discussed. Also covered are subjects of recent interest, viz., blast and impact effects on structures as well as the use of fiber reinforced polymer composites in structural applications. Given the growing interest in urban renewal, an interesting chapter on restoration of historic cities is also included. The second part of the book covers topics in geotechnical engineering, covering both shallow and deep foundations and issues and procedures for geotechnical modeling. The final part of the book focuses on earthquake engineering with emphasis on both structures and foundations. Here again, the material covered includes both traditional seismic design and innovative seismic protection. And more importantly, concepts in modeling for seismic analysis are highlighted.

Asphaltenes Heavy Oils and Petroleomics

Asphaltenes  Heavy Oils  and Petroleomics
Author: Oliver C. Mullins,Eric Y. Sheu,Ahmed Hammami,Alan G. Marshall
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 670
Release: 2007-11-08
ISBN: 0387689036
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Asphaltenes Heavy Oils and Petroleomics Book Excerpt:

With substantial contributions from experienced industrial scientists and engineers, this work will have real application towards improving process efficiency and improvement in the trillion-dollar global petroleum industry. It presents an overview of the emerging field of petroleomics, which endeavors to understand the fundamental components of crude oil. Petroleomics promises to revolutionize petroleum science in much the same way that genomics transformed the study of medicine not long ago. Asphaltenes are a particular focus, with many chapters devoted to the analysis of their structure and properties.

Crude Oil Exploration in the World

Crude Oil Exploration in the World
Author: Mohamed Younes
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 232
Release: 2012-03-16
ISBN: 9535103792
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Crude Oil Exploration in the World Book Excerpt:

"Crude Oil Exploration in the World" contains multidisciplinary chapters in the fields of prospection and exploration of crude oils all over the world in addition to environmental impact assessments, oil spills and marketing of crude oils.

Educating Scientists and Engineers for Academic and Non Academic Career Success

Educating Scientists and Engineers for Academic and Non Academic Career Success
Author: James Speight
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 192
Release: 2014-12-10
ISBN: 146655357X
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Educating Scientists and Engineers for Academic and Non Academic Career Success Book Excerpt:

In an increasingly technological world, the education of scientists and engineers has become an activity of growing importance. Educating Scientists and Engineers for Academic and Non-Academic Career Success focuses on the structure of the current educational system and describes the transformations needed to ensure the adequate education of future science and engineering students. The book describes how university faculty can make the necessary changes to teach a broader range of skills, technical proficiency, teamwork, adaptability, and versatility within the undergraduate and postgraduate curriculum. Also covered are approaches to provide a broader exposure to experiences desired by both academic and non-university employers to prepare students for an increasingly interdisciplinary, collaborative, and global job market.

Handbook of Refinery Desulfurization

Handbook of Refinery Desulfurization
Author: Nour Shafik El-Gendy,James G. Speight
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 476
Release: 2015-09-18
ISBN: 1466596724
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Refinery Desulfurization Book Excerpt:

Handbook of Refinery Desulfurization describes the operation of the various desulfurization process units in a petroleum refinery. It also explains the processes that produce raw materials for the petrochemical industry. It illustrates all the possible processes to lower the sulfur contents in petroleum and its fractions to decrease emissions of sulfur oxides. This book introduces you to desulfurization concepts, including biodesulfurization, as well as technology, giving guidance on how to accomplish desulfurization in various refining processes. It contains background chapters on the composition and evaluation of feedstocks and includes diagrams and tables of feedstocks and their respective produce. It also outlines how to decide which method should be employed to remove sulfur from different feedstocks. A practical and thorough discussion of the field, Handbook of Refinery Desulfurization gives you a strong grasp of the various processes involved with industrial desulfurization while giving you pointers on which procedures to use under certain conditions.

Handbook of Alternative Fuel Technologies

Handbook of Alternative Fuel Technologies
Author: Sunggyu Lee,James G. Speight,Sudarshan K. Loyalka
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 568
Release: 2007-03-23
ISBN: 9781420014518
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Alternative Fuel Technologies Book Excerpt:

In addition to enabling a clean and energy efficient future, alternative fuel sources are fast becoming a necessity for meeting today's growing demands for low-cost and convenient energy. The Handbook of Alternative Fuel Technologies offers a thorough guide to the science and available technologies for developing alternatives to petroleum fuel sour

Issues in Fossil Fuel Energy Technologies 2011 Edition

Issues in Fossil Fuel Energy Technologies  2011 Edition
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: ScholarlyEditions
Total Pages: 432
Release: 2012-01-09
ISBN: 1464966664
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Issues in Fossil Fuel Energy Technologies 2011 Edition Book Excerpt:

Issues in Fossil Fuel Energy Technologies / 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Fossil Fuel Energy Technologies. The editors have built Issues in Fossil Fuel Energy Technologies: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Fossil Fuel Energy Technologies in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Fossil Fuel Energy Technologies: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Bulletin

Bulletin
Author: United States. Office of Education
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 768
Release: 1960
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Education
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bulletin Book Excerpt:

Production Chemicals for the Oil and Gas Industry Second Edition

Production Chemicals for the Oil and Gas Industry  Second Edition
Author: Malcolm A. Kelland
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 454
Release: 2014-03-13
ISBN: 1439873798
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Production Chemicals for the Oil and Gas Industry Second Edition Book Excerpt:

Production chemistry issues result from changes in well stream fluids, both liquid and gaseous, during processing. Since crude oil production is characterized by variable production rates and unpredictable changes to the nature of the produced fluids, it is essential for production chemists to have a range of chemical additives available for rectifying issues that would not otherwise be fully resolved. Modern production methods, the need to upgrade crude oils of variable quality, and environmental constraints demand chemical solutions. Thus, oilfield production chemicals are necessary to overcome or minimize the effects of the production chemistry problems. Production Chemicals for the Oil and Gas Industry, Second Edition discusses a wide variety of production chemicals used by the oil and gas industry for down-hole and topside applications both onshore and offshore. Incorporating the large amount of research and applications since the first edition, this new edition reviews all past and present classes of production chemicals, providing numerous difficult-to-obtain references, especially SPE papers and patents. Unlike other texts that focus on how products perform in the field, this book focuses on the specific structures of chemicals that are known to deliver the required or desired performance—information that is very useful for research and development. Each updated chapter begins by introducing a problem, such as scale or corrosion, for which there is a production chemical. The author then briefly discusses all chemical and nonchemical methods to treat the problem and provides in-depth descriptions of the structural classes of relevant production chemicals. He also mentions, when available, the environmental properties of chemicals and whether the chemical or technique has been successfully used in the field. This edition includes two new chapters and nearly 50 percent more references.

Issues in Fossil Fuel Energy Technologies 2012 Edition

Issues in Fossil Fuel Energy Technologies  2012 Edition
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: ScholarlyEditions
Total Pages: 77
Release: 2013-01-10
ISBN: 1481648659
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Issues in Fossil Fuel Energy Technologies 2012 Edition Book Excerpt:

Issues in Fossil Fuel Energy Technologies / 2012 Edition is a ScholarlyBrief™ that delivers timely, authoritative, comprehensive, and specialized information about Oil and Gas Research in a concise format. The editors have built Issues in Fossil Fuel Energy Technologies: 2012 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Oil and Gas Research in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Fossil Fuel Energy Technologies: 2012 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Microbial Enhanced Oil Recovery

Microbial Enhanced Oil Recovery
Author: Lalit Pandey
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN: 9811654654
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Microbial Enhanced Oil Recovery Book Excerpt:

Machineries of Oil

Machineries of Oil
Author: Katayoun Shafiee
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 360
Release: 2018-03-09
ISBN: 0262037041
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Machineries of Oil Book Excerpt:

The emergence of the international oil corporation as a political actor in the twentieth century, seen in BP's infrastructure and information arrangements in Iran. In the early twentieth century, international oil corporations emerged as a new kind of political actor. The development of the world oil industry, argues Katayoun Shafiee, was one of the era's largest political projects of techno-economic development. In this book, Shafiee maps the machinery of oil operations in the Anglo-Iranian oil industry between 1901 and 1954, tracking the organizational work involved in moving oil through a variety of technical, legal, scientific, and administrative networks. She shows that, in a series of disagreements, the British-controlled Anglo-Iranian Oil Company (AIOC, which later became BP) relied on various forms of information management to transform political disputes into techno-economic calculation, guaranteeing the company complete control over profits, labor, and production regimes. She argues that the building of alliances and connections that constituted Anglo-Iranian oil's infrastructure reconfigured local politics of oil regions and examines how these arrangements in turn shaped the emergence of both nation-state and transnational oil corporation. Drawing on her extensive archival and field research in Iran, Shafiee investigates the surprising ways in which nature, technology, and politics came together in battles over mineral rights; standardizing petroleum expertise; formulas for calculating profits, production rates, and labor; the “Persianization” of employees; nationalism and oil nationalization; and the long-distance machinery of an international corporation. Her account shows that the politics of oil cannot be understood in isolation from its technical dimensions.