Phase Equilibria Phase Diagrams and Phase Transformations

Phase Equilibria  Phase Diagrams and Phase Transformations
Author: Mats Hillert
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2007-11-22
ISBN: 1139465864
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Phase Equilibria Phase Diagrams and Phase Transformations Book Excerpt:

Computational tools allow material scientists to model and analyze increasingly complicated systems to appreciate material behavior. Accurate use and interpretation however, requires a strong understanding of the thermodynamic principles that underpin phase equilibrium, transformation and state. This fully revised and updated edition covers the fundamentals of thermodynamics, with a view to modern computer applications. The theoretical basis of chemical equilibria and chemical changes is covered with an emphasis on the properties of phase diagrams. Starting with the basic principles, discussion moves to systems involving multiple phases. New chapters cover irreversible thermodynamics, extremum principles, and the thermodynamics of surfaces and interfaces. Theoretical descriptions of equilibrium conditions, the state of systems at equilibrium and the changes as equilibrium is reached, are all demonstrated graphically. With illustrative examples - many computer calculated - and worked examples, this textbook is an valuable resource for advanced undergraduates and graduate students in materials science and engineering.

Statics and Dynamics of Alloy Phase Transformations

Statics and Dynamics of Alloy Phase Transformations
Author: Patrice E.A. Turchi,A. Gonis
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 737
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 1461524768
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Statics and Dynamics of Alloy Phase Transformations Book Excerpt:

The study of phase transformations in substitutional alloys, including order disorder phenomena and structural transformations, plays a crucial role in understanding the physical and mechanical properties of materials, and in designing alloys with desired technologically important characteristics. Indeed, most of the physical properties, including equilibrium properties, transport, magnetic, vibrational as well as mechanical properties of alloys are often controlled by and are highly sensitive to the existence of ordered compounds and to the occurrence of structural transformations. Correspondingly, the alloy designer facing the task of processing new high-performance materials with properties that meet specific industrial applications must answer the following question: What is the crystalline structure and the atomic configuration that an alloy may exhibit at given temperature and concentration? Usually the answer is sought in the phase-diagram of a relevant system that is often determined experimentally and does not provide insight to the underlying mechanisms driving phase stability. Because of the rather tedious and highly risky nature of developing new materials through conventional metallurgical techniques, a great deal of effort has been expended in devising methods for understanding the mechanisms contrOlling phase transformations at the microscopic level. These efforts have been bolstered through the development of fully ab initio, accurate theoretical models, coupled with the advent of new experimental methods and of powerful supercomputer capabilities.

SOLID STATE PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS

SOLID STATE PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS
Author: V RAGHAVAN
Publsiher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
Total Pages: 200
Release: 1987-01-01
ISBN: 8120304608
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

SOLID STATE PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS Book Excerpt:

Written by an international authority on phase transformation, this text elucidates the principles of phase transformations in solids in general and metals and alloys in particular. The book is intended for advanced level undergraduate students of metallurgy and materials science, first year postgraduate students of metallurgy and materials science, and M.Sc. students of solid-state physics and solid-state chemistry.

Phase Transformations in Metals and Alloys

Phase Transformations in Metals and Alloys
Author: David A. Porter,Kenneth E. Easterling,Mohamed Y. Sherif
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 578
Release: 2021-11-08
ISBN: 1000467791
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Phase Transformations in Metals and Alloys Book Excerpt:

Revised to reflect recent developments in the field, Phase Transformation in Metals and Alloys, Fourth Edition, continues to be the most authoritative and approachable resource on the subject. It supplies a comprehensive overview of specific types of phase transformations, supplemented by practical case studies of engineering alloys. The book’s unique presentation links a basic understanding of theory with application in a gradually progressive yet exciting manner. Based on the authors’ teaching notes, the text takes a pedagogical approach and provides examples for applications and problems that can be readily used for exercises. NEW IN THE FOURTH EDITION 40% of the figures and 30% of the text Insights provided by numerical modelling techniques such as ab initio, phase field, cellular automaton, and molecular dynamics Insights from the application of advanced experimental techniques, such as high-energy X-ray diffraction, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, combined with electron backscattered diffraction New treatment of ternary phase diagrams and solubility products The concept of paraequilibrium in systems containing highly mobile interstitial elements Thermodynamics of grain boundaries and the influence of segregation on grain boundary diffusion Reference to software tools for solving diffusion problems in multicomponent systems Introduction to concepts related to coincident site lattices and methods for determining the dislocation content of grain boundaries and interfaces Updated treatment of coherency and interface structure including the important fcc–bcc interfaces Treatment of metallic glasses expanded to cover critical cooling rate Austin–Rickets equation introduced as an alternative to the Avrami equation in the case of precipitation kinetics Discussion of the effects of overlap in nucleation, growth and coarsening Discussion of pearlite and bainite transformations updated Entirely new and extensive treatment of diffusionless martensitic transformations covering athermal and thermally activated martensite in ferrous systems as well as shape memory, superelasticity and rubber-like behavior in ordered nonferrous alloys New practical applications covering spinodal alloys, fir-tree structures in aluminum castings, Al–Cu–Li aerospace alloys, superelastic and shape memory alloys, quenched and partitioned steels, advanced high-strength steels and martensitic stainless steels Each chapter now concludes with a summary of the main points References to scientific publications and suggestions for further reading updated to reflect experimental and computational advances Aimed at students studying metallurgy and materials science and engineering, the Fourth Edition retains the previous editions’ popular easy-to-follow style and excellent mix of basic and advanced information, making it ideal for those who are new to the field. A new solutions manual and PowerPoint figure slides are available to adopting professors.

Field Theoretic Method in Phase Transformations

Field Theoretic Method in Phase Transformations
Author: Alexander Umantsev
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 344
Release: 2012-04-23
ISBN: 1461414873
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Field Theoretic Method in Phase Transformations Book Excerpt:

The main subject of the book is the continuum, field theoretic method of study of phase transformations in material systems. The method, also known as "phase field", allows one to analyze different stages of transformations on the unified platform. It has received significant attention in the materials science community recently due to many successes in solving or illuminating important problems. The book will address fundamentals of the method starting from the classical theories of phase transitions, the most important theoretical and computational results, and some of the most advanced recent applications.

Geometry of Crystals Polycrystals and Phase Transformations

Geometry of Crystals  Polycrystals  and Phase Transformations
Author: Harshad K. D. H. Bhadeshia
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 252
Release: 2017-09-05
ISBN: 1351629115
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Geometry of Crystals Polycrystals and Phase Transformations Book Excerpt:

Organized into a two-part structure aimed at readers of differing experience levels, Geometry of Crystals, Polycrystals, and Phase Transformations is accessible to both newcomers and advanced researchers within the field of crystallography. The first part of the text covers what any reader in the material sciences, physics, chemistry, earth sciences and natural sciences in general should know about crystallography. It is intentionally concise and covers sufficient material to form a firm foundation. The second part is aimed at researchers and discusses phase transformations, deformations, and interface crystallography in depth. The phase transformations are limited to those dominated by crystallography. The entire book contains worked examples and uniquely deals not just with crystals but aggregates of crystals and solid-state transformations between crystals.

Solid Solid Phase Transformations

Solid   Solid Phase Transformations
Author: Masahiro Koiwa,Kazuhiro Ōtsuka,Tamotsu Miyazaki
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 938
Release: 1999
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Phase transformations (Statistical physics)
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solid Solid Phase Transformations Book Excerpt:

Symposium on the Mechanism of Phase Transformations in Metals

Symposium on the Mechanism of Phase Transformations in Metals
Author: Institute of Metals. Metal Physics Committee
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 276
Release: 1955
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Phase rule and equilibrium
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Symposium on the Mechanism of Phase Transformations in Metals Book Excerpt:

Phase Transformations in Thin Films of TiNi Thermoelastic Alloys

Phase Transformations in Thin Films of TiNi Thermoelastic Alloys
Author: Liuwen Chang
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 476
Release: 1993
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic dissertations
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Phase Transformations in Thin Films of TiNi Thermoelastic Alloys Book Excerpt:

Phase Transformations and Systems Driven Far From Equilibrium Volume 481

Phase Transformations and Systems Driven Far From Equilibrium  Volume 481
Author: En Ma,Michael Atzmon,Pascal Bellon,Rohit Trivedi
Publsiher: Materials Research Society
Total Pages: 712
Release: 1998-07-29
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Phase Transformations and Systems Driven Far From Equilibrium Volume 481 Book Excerpt:

Just over 100 invited and contributed papers emphasize understanding the thermodynamics and kinetics of phase transformations, with significant coverage of metastable materials and externally forced transformations driven, for example, by energy beams or mechanical deformation. They cover solidification theory and experiments, nucleation, solid-state transformations and microstructural evolution, beam-induced transformations, amorphous solids, interfacial and thin-film transformations, and nanophases and mechanical alloying. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Continuum Models for Phase Transitions and Twinning in Crystals

Continuum Models for Phase Transitions and Twinning in Crystals
Author: Mario Pitteri,G. Zanzotto
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 392
Release: 2002-06-27
ISBN: 1420036149
Category: Mathematics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Continuum Models for Phase Transitions and Twinning in Crystals Book Excerpt:

Continuum Models for Phase Transitions and Twinning in Crystals presents the fundamentals of a remarkably successful approach to crystal thermomechanics. Developed over the last two decades, it is based on the mathematical theory of nonlinear thermoelasticity, in which a new viewpoint on material symmetry, motivated by molecular theories, plays a central role. This is the first organized presentation of a nonlinear elastic approach to twinning and displacive phase transition in crystalline solids. The authors develop geometry, kinematics, and energy invariance in crystals in strong connection and with the purpose of investigating the actual mechanical aspects of the phenomena, particularly in an elastostatics framework based on the minimization of a thermodynamic potential. Interesting for both mechanics and mathematical analysis, the new theory offers the possibility of investigating the formation of microstructures in materials undergoing martensitic phase transitions, such as shape-memory alloys. Although phenomena such as twinning and phase transitions were once thought to fall outside the range of elastic models, research efforts in these areas have proved quite fruitful. Relevant to a variety of disciplines, including mathematical physics, continuum mechanics, and materials science, Continuum Models for Phase Transitions and Twinning in Crystals is your opportunity to explore these current research methods and topics.

Advances in Phase Transitions

Advances in Phase Transitions
Author: J. D. Embury,G. R. Purdy
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 306
Release: 2013-10-22
ISBN: 1483286851
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Phase Transitions Book Excerpt:

This book provides a record of the symposium held at McMaster University, Ontario, Canada, in honour of Professor J\S\Kirkaldy, and covers the recent progress being made in phase transformations, both experimental and theoretical, to facilitate the understanding of microstructural development. This volume includes new material on atomic modelling of phase transitions, descriptions of amorphous-crystalline transitions, new data on motion of interfaces, elastic energy effects and pattern forming systems, as well as contributions from related disciplines such as thermodynamics, kinetics and the mechanics of solids.

Proceedings of the International Conference on Martensitic Transformations Chicago

Proceedings of the International Conference on Martensitic Transformations  Chicago
Author: Aaron P. Stebner,Gregory B. Olson
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 306
Release: 2018-04-11
ISBN: 3319769685
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Proceedings of the International Conference on Martensitic Transformations Chicago Book Excerpt:

This collection is organized around the central theme of “Martensite by Design.” Contributions include design, microstructure, properties, advanced processing and manufacturing, performance, phase transformations, and characterization.

Hysteresis and Phase Transitions

Hysteresis and Phase Transitions
Author: Martin Brokate,Jürgen Sprekels
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 372
Release: 1996-06-20
ISBN: 9780387947631
Category: Mathematics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hysteresis and Phase Transitions Book Excerpt:

Hysteresis is an exciting and mathematically challenging phenomenon that oc curs in rather different situations: jt, can be a byproduct offundamental physical mechanisms (such as phase transitions) or the consequence of a degradation or imperfection (like the play in a mechanical system), or it is built deliberately into a system in order to monitor its behaviour, as in the case of the heat control via thermostats. The delicate interplay between memory effects and the occurrence of hys teresis loops has the effect that hysteresis is a genuinely nonlinear phenomenon which is usually non-smooth and thus not easy to treat mathematically. Hence it was only in the early seventies that the group of Russian scientists around M. A. Krasnoselskii initiated a systematic mathematical investigation of the phenomenon of hysteresis which culminated in the fundamental monograph Krasnoselskii-Pokrovskii (1983). In the meantime, many mathematicians have contributed to the mathematical theory, and the important monographs of 1. Mayergoyz (1991) and A. Visintin (1994a) have appeared. We came into contact with the notion of hysteresis around the year 1980.

Phase Transitions and Structure of Polymer Systems in External Fields

Phase Transitions and Structure of Polymer Systems in External Fields
Author: Sergey A. Vshivkov
Publsiher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Total Pages: 381
Release: 2019-05-14
ISBN: 1527534561
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Phase Transitions and Structure of Polymer Systems in External Fields Book Excerpt:

Generalized extensive experimental and theoretical data regarding the phase transitions of polymer systems in mechanical and magnetic fields provide the possibility to predict the results of external field effects on the structure and mutual solubility of components. The data on dynamic structuring in deformed polymer blends and solutions allow for the use of found regularities by the processing of polymer systems. The methods offered in this book allow for the connection of shift of phase diagrams in the mechanical field with changes in macromolecule sizes. The tutorials described here will help the reader to correctly build the phase diagrams of polymer systems using a variety of methods.

Structural Phase Transitions in Layered Transition Metal Compounds

Structural Phase Transitions in Layered Transition Metal Compounds
Author: K. Motizuki
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 322
Release: 1986-10-31
ISBN: 9789027721716
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Structural Phase Transitions in Layered Transition Metal Compounds Book Excerpt:

The structural phase transition is one of the most fundamental problems in solid state physics. Layered transition-metal dichalcogenides provide us with a most exciting area for the study of structural phase transitions that are associated with the charge density wave (CDW). A large variety of structural phase transitions, such as commensurate and incommensurate transitions, and the physical proper ties related to the formation of a CDW, have been an object of intense study made for many years by methods employing modem microscopic techniques. Rather recently, efforts have been devoted to the theoretical understanding of these experimental results. Thus, McMillan, for example, has developed an elegant phenomenological theory on the basis of the Landau free energy expansion. An extension of McMillan's theory has provided a successful understanding of the successive phase transitions observed in the IT- and 2H-compounds. In addition, a microscopic theory of lattice instability, lattice dynamics, and lattice distortion in the CDW state of the transition-metal dichalcogenides has been developed based on their electronic structures. As a result, the driving force of the CDW formation in the IT- and 2H-compounds has become clear. Furthermore, the effect of lattice fluctuations on the CDW transition and on the anomalous behavior of various physical properties has been made clear microscopically.

Phase Transformations

Phase Transformations
Author: Institution of Metallurgists (Great Britain)
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1979
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electron metallography
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Phase Transformations Book Excerpt:

Measurement of the Thermodynamic Properties of Multiple Phases

Measurement of the Thermodynamic Properties of Multiple Phases
Author: Ron D. Weir,Theo W. de Loos
Publsiher: Gulf Professional Publishing
Total Pages: 460
Release: 2005-12-27
ISBN: 9780444519771
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Measurement of the Thermodynamic Properties of Multiple Phases Book Excerpt:

1. Introduction. -- 2. Phase Changes in Pure Component Systems: Liquids and Gases. -- 3. Phase Changes in Pure Component Systems: Liquids and Solids. -- 4. Phase Changes in Pure Component Systems: Solid and Solid. -- 5. Vapour-Liquid Equilibrium at Low Pressure. -- 6. Vapour-Liquid Equilibrium at High Pressure. -- 7. Low Pressure Gas Solubility in Liquids. -- 8. Liquid-Liquid Equilibrium. -- 9. Condensed Phases of Organic Materials: Solid-Liquid and Solid-Solid Equilibrium. -- 10. Condensed Phases of Inorganic Materials: Metallic Systems. -- 11. Condensed Phases of Inorganic Materials: Ceramic Systems. -- 12. Condensed Phases of Inorganic Materials: Molten Salts. -- 13. Measurement of Limiting Activity Coefficients Using Non-Analytical Tools. -- 14. Measurement of Limiting Activity Coefficients Using Analytical Tools. -- 15. Measurement of Interfacial Tension. -- 16. Critical Parameters.

Phase Transformations

Phase Transformations
Author: Elias C. Aifantis,John Gittus
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 328
Release: 1986-09-30
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Phase Transformations Book Excerpt:

Most papers based on contributions given at the Symposium on Phase Transformations--an Interdisciplinary Gathering, held in Newark, Del., Aug. 21-22, 1983, at the 20th Annual Meeting of the Society of Engineering Science.

Publications of the National Bureau of Standards Catalog

Publications of the National Bureau of Standards     Catalog
Author: United States. National Bureau of Standards
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1978
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Publications of the National Bureau of Standards Catalog Book Excerpt: