Description : Assessment of educational achievement, whether by traditional examinations or by teachers in schools, attracts considerable public interest, particularly when it is associated with ‘high stakes’ outcomes such as university entry or selection for employment. When the individual’s results do not chime with their or their teachers’ expectations, doubts creep in about the process of assessment that has arrived at this result. However, educational assessment is made up of many layers of complexity, which are not always clear to the general public, including teachers, students, and parents, and which are not easily understood outside of the expert assessment community. These layers may be organized in highly co-dependent relationships that include reliability, validity, human judgment, and errors, and the uses and interpretations of the various types of assessment. No-one could reasonably argue that the principles and complexities of educational assessment should be core learning in public education, but there is a growing realization that trust in the UK assessment system is under some threat as the media and others sensationalize or politicize any problems that arise each year. This book offers the first comprehensive overview of how the general public is considered to perceive and understand a wide variety of aspects of educational assessment, and how this understanding may be improved. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Oxford Review of Education.
Description : Having the ability to manage the learning environment, motivate students in the environment, and offer instruction that itself is motivating and which contributes to students learning what they need to learn and acquiring skills they need to acquire characterizes effective teachers. To meet these expectations, teachers need highly developed skills as instructional specialists, motivators, managers, and problem solvers. This new and expanded edition offers practical information for beginning as well as veteran teachers to become more knowledgeable, skilled, and effective in their work. Through study, application of what has been studied, and analysis and evaluation of the end result of this application, teachers who care to improve can improve. The text provides a specific context and focus for this active learning in areas of management and motivation. Additional sections discuss: understanding motivation and motivating environments, creating a managed environment with models and theories of management, best practice in teaching, creating and maintaining safe learning environments, responding to student motivation and behavior problems, and case studies for analysis in student motivation and classroom management. The text reviews appropriate strategies when responding to specific types of student misbehavior and also discusses zero tolerance policies, bullying, expulsion, teaching special students, addressing diversity, violence, school uniforms, and drug abuse as related to management and motivation. It is highlighted with supporting examples, question and activity sections by chapter, a helpful glossary, and 29 additional tables. This third edition continues to be an invaluable resource for teachers, student teachers, special educators, and school administrators in providing guidance, practical recommendations, and insight into developing sound management and motivation in the classroom.
Description : This book examines social changes affecting education; amplifies case studies of school change; and analyzes the gap between the rhetoric and reality of educational reform.
Description : Curriculum Leadership, Second Edition is a one-of-a-kind resource written for educational leaders (both administrators and teachers) who want to successfully restructure and enhance school curriculum. This book provides innovative and successful curriculum ideas, including reflective case studies, Keys to Leadership sections, curriculum tips, and Challenge sections with key issues and questions in every chapter. Also interspersed throughout the book are tried and true strategies that provide administrators with innovative ideas on meeting state and national standards. This is a much needed, highly informative, and easy-to-read account of curriculum development and change for curriculum leaders, those teaching curriculum courses, and those aspiring to become curriculum decision makers. It provides the knowledge and skills needed to develop and implement a K–12 school curriculum. New features to this second edition include: A new multiculturalism box in the text, either a case study/example or tips for incorporating multiculturalism into the classroom Integration of NCATE and any standards-coverage at the end of each chapter in relevant chapters. More material on developing curriculum that is specifically for teachers, rather than administrators, that covers how teachers develop curriculum together or influence the development of curriculu More pedagogy that is specific to teachers, which includes case studies and curriculum development tips for teachers and administrators working together Instructor’s Resource CD
Description : The education reform movement of the past two decades has focused on raising academic standards. Some standards advocates attach a testing mechanism to gauge the extent to which high standards are actually accomplished, whereas some critics accuse the push for standards and testing of impeding reform and perpetuating inequality. At the same time, the testing profession has produced advances in the format, accuracy, dependability, and utility of tests. Never before has obtaining such an abundance of accurate and useful information about student learning been possible. Meanwhile, the American public remains steadfast in support of testing to measure student performance and monitor the performance of educational systems. Many educational testing experts who acknowledge the benefits of testing also believe that those benefits have been insufficiently articulated. Although much has been written on standardized testing policy, most of the material has been written by opponents. The contributing authors of this volume are both accomplished researchers and practitioners who are respected and admired worldwide. They bring to the project an abundance of experience working with standardized tests. The goal of Defending Standardized Testing is to: *describe current standardized testing policies and strategies; *explain many of the common criticisms of standardized testing; *document the public support for, and the realized benefits of, standardized testing; *acknowledge the limitations of, and suggest improvements to, testing practices; *provide guidance for structuring and administering large-scale testing programs in light of public preferences and the "No Child Left Behind Act" requirements; and *present a defense of standardized testing and a vision for its future. Defending Standardized Testing minimizes the use of technical jargon so as to appeal to all who have a stake in American educational reform.