Philosophy and Science in the Islamic World

Philosophy and Science in the Islamic World
Author: C. A. Qadir
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 232
Release: 2015-05-21
ISBN: 9781138912687
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy and Science in the Islamic World Book Excerpt:

The basis of Muslim philosophy and science is the instruction buried in the Quran. At an early date this tradition was enlarged and strengthened by the infiltration into Muslim culture of Greek philosophy and science through the translation of Greek classics by Muslims. The Indian tradition of thought also made its contribution to this intellectual leaven. This book traces the development and interaction of these strands in Muslim thinking. The author is concerned to show both how philosophy and science are related to specifically religious thought, and how they have made distinctive contributions to method and discovery. The impact of secularisation on the Muslim world puts these traditions under considerable strain, and it is interesting to define how far this pressure is a productive and fertile one. The current century has seen a Renaissance of Muslim science and philosophy; this book sets the new achievements clearly against their historical background. First published in 1988.

Philosophy in the Islamic World

Philosophy in the Islamic World
Author: Ulrich Rudolph,Rotraud Hansberger,Peter Adamson
Publsiher: BRILL
Total Pages: 864
Release: 2022-05-09
ISBN: 9004492542
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy in the Islamic World Book Excerpt:

A comprehensive reference work covering all figures of the earliest period of philosophy in the Islamic world. Both major and minor thinkers are covered, with details of biography and doctrine as well as detailed lists and summaries of each author’s works.

Philosophy in the Islamic World

Philosophy in the Islamic World
Author: Peter Adamson
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 544
Release: 2016-06-10
ISBN: 0191084840
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy in the Islamic World Book Excerpt:

The latest in the series based on the popular History of Philosophy podcast, this volume presents the first full history of philosophy in the Islamic world for a broad readership. It takes an approach unprecedented among introductions to this subject, by providing full coverage of Jewish and Christian thinkers as well as Muslims, and by taking the story of philosophy from its beginnings in the world of early Islam all the way through to the twentieth century. Major figures like Avicenna, Averroes, and Maimonides are covered in great detail, but the book also looks at less familiar thinkers, including women philosophers. Attention is also given to the philosophical relevance of Islamic theology (kalam) and mysticism—the Sufi tradition within Islam, and Kabbalah among Jews—and to science, with chapters on disciplines like optics and astronomy. The book is divided into three sections, with the first looking at the first blossoming of Islamic theology and responses to the Greek philosophical tradition in the world of Arabic learning. This 'formative period' culminates with the work of Avicenna, the pivotal figure to whom most later thinkers feel they must respond. The second part of the book discusses philosophy in Muslim Spain (Andalusia), where Jewish philosophers come to the fore, though this is also the setting for such thinkers as Averroes and Ibn Arabi. Finally, a third section looks in unusual detail at later developments, touching on philosophy in the Ottoman, Mughal, and Safavid empires and showing how thinkers in the nineteenth to the twentieth century were still concerned to respond to the ideas that had animated philosophy in the Islamic world for centuries, while also responding to political and intellectual challenges from the European colonial powers.

Bibliography of Art and Architecture in the Islamic World 2 vol set

Bibliography of Art and Architecture in the Islamic World  2 vol  set
Author: Susan Sinclair
Publsiher: BRILL
Total Pages: 1512
Release: 2012-04-03
ISBN: 9047412079
Category: Reference
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bibliography of Art and Architecture in the Islamic World 2 vol set Book Excerpt:

Following the tradition and style of the acclaimed Index Islamicus, the editors have created this new Bibliography of Art and Architecture in the Islamic World. The editors have surveyed and annotated a wide range of books and articles from collected volumes and journals published in all European languages (except Turkish) between 1906 and 2011. This comprehensive bibliography is an indispensable tool for everyone involved in the study of material culture in Muslim societies.

Concepts of Philosophy in Asia and the Islamic world

Concepts of Philosophy in Asia and the Islamic world
Author: Raji C. Steineck,Ralph Weber,Robert Gassmann,Elena Lange
Publsiher: BRILL
Total Pages: 760
Release: 2018-05-17
ISBN: 9004360115
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Concepts of Philosophy in Asia and the Islamic world Book Excerpt:

Concepts of Philosophy challenges received conceptions of philosophy by way of critical engagement with Chinese and Japanese sources. Built on philologically sound readings of specific texts, the book lifts the discussion on the concept of philosophy to a global plane.

Philosophy and Jurisprudence in the Islamic World

Philosophy and Jurisprudence in the Islamic World
Author: Peter Adamson
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Total Pages: 328
Release: 2019-09-02
ISBN: 3110552183
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy and Jurisprudence in the Islamic World Book Excerpt:

This book brings together the study of two great disciplines of the Islamic world: law and philosophy. In both sunni and shiite Islam, it became the norm for scholars to acquire a high level of expertise in the legal tradition. Thus some of the greatest names in the history of Aristotelianism were trained jurists, like Averroes, or commented on the status and nature of law, like al-Fārābī. While such authors sought to put law in its place relative to the philosophical disciplines, others criticized philosophy from a legal viewpoint, like al-Ghazālī and Ibn Taymiyya. But this collection of papers does not only explore the relative standing of law and philosophy. It also looks at how philosophers, theologians, and jurists answered philosophical questions that arise from jurisprudence itself. What is the logical structure of a well-formed legal argument? What standard of certainty needs to be attained in passing down judgments, and how is that standard reached? What are the sources of valid legal judgment and what makes these sources authoritative? May a believer be excused on grounds of ignorance? Together the contributions provide an unprecedented demonstration of the close connections between philosophy and law in Islamic society, while also highlighting the philosophical interest of texts normally studied only by legal historians.

The Formation of Post Classical Philosophy in Islam

The Formation of Post Classical Philosophy in Islam
Author: Frank Griffel
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 496
Release: 2021-06-08
ISBN: 019088634X
Category: Religion
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Formation of Post Classical Philosophy in Islam Book Excerpt:

Scholars have come to recognize the importance of classical Islamic philosophy both in its own right and in its preservation of and engagement with Greek philosophical ideas. At the same time, the period immediately following the so-called classical era has been considered a sort of dark age, in which Islamic thought entered a long decline. In this monumental new work, Frank Griffel seeks to overturn this conventional wisdom, arguing that what he calls the "post-classical" period has been unjustly maligned and neglected by previous generations of scholars. The Formation of Post-Classical Philosophy in Islam is a comprehensive study of the far-reaching changes that led to a re-shaping of the philosophical discourse in Islam during the twelfth century. Earlier Western scholars thought that Islam's engagement with the tradition of Greek philosophy ended during that century. More recent analyses suggest that Islamic thinkers instead integrated Greek thought into the genre of rationalist Muslim theology (kal=am). Griffel argues that even this new view misses a key point. In addition to the integration of Greek ideas into kal=am, Muslim theologians picked up the discourse of classical philosophy in Islam (falsafa) and began to produce books in the tradition of Plato, Aristotle, and Avicennaa new and oft-misunderstood genre they called ".hikma"in which they left aside theological concerns. They wrote in both genres, kal=am and .hikma, and the same writers argued for opposing teachings on the nature of God, the world's creation, and the afterlife depending on the genre in which they were writing. Griffel shows how careful attention to genre demonstrates both the coherence and ambiguity of this new philosophical approach. A work of extraordinary breadth and depth, The Formation of Post-Classical Philosophy in Islam offers a detailed, insightful history of philosophy in Iraq, Iran, and Central Asia during the twelfth century. It will be essential reading for anyone interested in the history of philosophy or the history of Islam.

Islamic Philosophy Science Culture and Religion

Islamic Philosophy  Science  Culture  and Religion
Author: David Reisman,Felicitas Opwis
Publsiher: BRILL
Total Pages: 510
Release: 2011-12-09
ISBN: 9004217762
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Islamic Philosophy Science Culture and Religion Book Excerpt:

This collection of essays covers the classical heritage and Islamic culture, classical Arabic science and philosophy, and Muslim religious sciences, showing continuation of Greek and Persian thought as well as original Muslim contributions to the sciences, philosophy, religion, and culture of Islam.

Philosophy in the Islamic World A Very Short Introduction

Philosophy in the Islamic World  A Very Short Introduction
Author: Peter Adamson
Publsiher: OUP Oxford
Total Pages: 144
Release: 2015-09-24
ISBN: 0191506591
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy in the Islamic World A Very Short Introduction Book Excerpt:

In the history of philosophy, few topics are so relevant to today's cultural and political landscape as philosophy in the Islamic world. Yet, this remains one of the lesser-known philosophical traditions. In this Very Short Introduction, Peter Adamson explores the history of philosophy among Muslims, Jews, and Christians living in Islamic lands, from its historical background to thinkers in the twentieth century. Introducing the main philosophical themes of the Islamic world, Adamson integrates ideas from the Islamic and Abrahamic faiths to consider the broad philosophical questions that continue to invite debate: What is the relationship between reason and religious belief? What is the possibility of proving God's existence? What is the nature of knowledge? Drawing on the most recent research in the field, this book challenges the assumption of the cultural decline of philosophy and science in the Islamic world by demonstrating its rich heritage and overlap with other faiths and philosophies.

Muslim Philosophy

Muslim Philosophy
Author: Hamid Naseem
Publsiher: Sarup & Sons
Total Pages: 349
Release: 2001
ISBN: 9788176252300
Category: Islamic philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Muslim Philosophy Book Excerpt:

Muslims Have Been Provided By Allah A Complete Code Of Conduct In The Form Of Holy Quran. In Quran There Are Two Types Of Verses I.E. Allegorial (Mutashabiat) And Categorical (Mukhamat). The Mutashabiat Verses Of Quran Are Mostly Pertaining To The Essence Of Allah And His Attributes, Predestination, Soul And Life Here After Death Etc. Etc. Since These Verses Are Outside The Purview Of Human Reasoning, Much Hair Splitting And Question Begging Has Not Been Encouraged In This Regard. Yet Many Of The Muslim Thinkers And Philosophers Have Ventured To Enter Into Detailed Discussions In These Matters.

Summary of Peter Adamson s Philosophy in the Islamic World

Summary of Peter Adamson s Philosophy in the Islamic World
Author: Everest Media,
Publsiher: Everest Media LLC
Total Pages: 20
Release: 2022-05-28T22:59:00Z
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Summary of Peter Adamson s Philosophy in the Islamic World Book Excerpt:

Please note: This is a companion version & not the original book. Sample Book Insights: #1 The medieval period of Europe overlaps with the formative period of Islam, which was the time up to Avicenna in the 10th century. The Mu’tazilites were a group of theologians who were staunch defenders of God’s unity and human freedom. #2 The Islamic world experienced a translation movement of Greek scientific works into Arabic in the 8th and 9th centuries, led by the caliphs. However, they failed to enforce theological conformity, and instead left the debates to the scholars or ʿulamāʾ. #3 The Muslim scholar al-Kindı was the first to translate the works of Greek philosophers and scientists into Arabic. He wrote treatises on a wide range of topics, from cosmology to ethics to the soul, and he often connected these topics to his philosophical ideas. #4 Al-Kindı’s influence can be traced among a number of thinkers who followed his lead in seeing harmony between Islam and Greek philosophy. The most important representative of this tradition was al-ʿĀmirı, who wrote a reworking of the Arabic Proclus materials.

The Islamic World System

The Islamic World System
Author: Masudul Alam Choudhury
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2005-07-19
ISBN: 1134356838
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Islamic World System Book Excerpt:

This highly original book presents an alternative vision of globalization and explores the epistemology, derived from the Qur'an and the Prophetic guidance Sunnah, that underpins the systemic unity at the heart of the Islamic concept of world-system. Choudhury's investigation reveals the ethical foundations that influence the development of law, markets and social contract in Islamic societies. He then applies his methodology to issues and problems such as property rights, money, political economy, technology diffusion, microenterprise development and asset evaluation.

The Shorter Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy

The Shorter Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Author: Edward Craig
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 1078
Release: 2005-11-29
ISBN: 1134344090
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Shorter Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy Book Excerpt:

The Shorter REP presents the very best of the acclaimed ten volume Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy in a single volume. It makes a selection of the most important entries available for the first time and covers all you need to know about philosophy, from Aristotle to Wittgenstein and animals and ethics to scientific method. Comprising over 900 entries and covering the major philosophers and philosophical topics, The Shorter REP includes the following special features: Unrivalled coverage of major philosophers, themes, movements and periods making the volume indispensable for any student or general reader Fully cross-referenced Revised versions of many of the most important entries, including fresh suggestions for further reading Over twenty brand new entries on important new topics such as Cloning and Sustainability entries by many leading philosophers such as Bernard Williams, Martha Nussbaum, Richard Rorty, Onora O'Neill, T.M. Scanlon and Anthony Appiah Striking new text design to help locate key entries quickly and easily An outstanding guide to all things philosophical, The Shorter Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy provides an unrivalled introduction to the subject for students and general readers alike.

History of Islamic Philosophy

History of Islamic Philosophy
Author: Oliver Leaman,Seyyed Hossein Nasr
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 1232
Release: 2020-08-18
ISBN: 1000159027
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

History of Islamic Philosophy Book Excerpt:

Islamic philosophy has often been treated as being largely of historical interest, belonging to the history of ideas rather than to philosophical study. This volume successfully overturns that view. Emphasizing the living nature and rich diversity of the subject, it examines the main thinkers and schools of thought, discusses the key concepts of Islamic philosophy and covers a vast geographical area. This indispensable reference tool includes a comprehensive bibliography and an extensive index.

History of Islamic Philosophy

History of Islamic Philosophy
Author: Seyyed Hossein Nasr
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 1211
Release: 1996
ISBN: 9780415131599
Category: Religion
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

History of Islamic Philosophy Book Excerpt:

Islamic Philosophy has often been treated as mainly of historical interest, belonging to the history of ideas rather than to philosophy. This is volume challenges this belief. The Routledge History of Philosophy is made up entirely of essays by a distinguished list of writers. They provide detailed discussions of the most important thinkers and the key concepts in Islamic philosophy, from earliest times to the present day.

The Book in the Islamic World

The Book in the Islamic World
Author: George Nicholas Atiyeh
Publsiher: SUNY Press
Total Pages: 305
Release: 1995-01-01
ISBN: 9780791424735
Category: Antiques & Collectibles
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Book in the Islamic World Book Excerpt:

This book explores Muslims' conception of themselves as "the people of the book" and explains the multifaceted meanings of this concept. Published jointly with the Library of Congress, it is an illustrated history of the book and the written word in the Islamic world.

Modernity and the Ideals of Arab Islamic and Western Scientific Philosophy

Modernity and the Ideals of Arab Islamic and Western Scientific Philosophy
Author: A. Z. Obiedat
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 411
Release: 2022-08-09
ISBN: 3030942651
Category: Religion
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Modernity and the Ideals of Arab Islamic and Western Scientific Philosophy Book Excerpt:

This is the first study to compare the philosophical systems of secular scientific philosopher Mario Bunge (1919-2020), and Moroccan Islamic philosopher Taha Abd al-Rahman (b.1945). In their efforts to establish the philosophical underpinnings of an ideal modernity these two great thinkers speak to the same elements of the human condition, despite their opposing secular and religious worldviews. While the differences between Bunge’s critical-realist epistemology and materialist ontology on the one hand, and Taha’s spiritualist ontology and revelational-mystical epistemology on the other, are fundamental, there is remarkable common ground between their scientific and Islamic versions of humanism. Both call for an ethics of prosperity combined with social justice, and both criticize postmodernism and religious conservatism. The aspiration of this book is to serve as a model for future dialogue between holders of Western and Islamic worldviews, in mutual pursuit of modernity’s best-case scenario.

American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences 22 2

American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences 22 2
Author: Mehmet Mahfuz Söylemez,Dieter Weiss,Haifaa Jawad,Abdus Samad, Norman D. Gardner, and Bradley J. Cook
Publsiher: International Institute of Islamic Thought (IIIT)
Total Pages: 180
Release: 2005-03-15
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences 22 2 Book Excerpt:

The American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences (AJISS) is an interdisciplinary journal that publishes a wide variety of scholarly research on all facets of Islam and the Muslim world: anthropology, economics, history, philosophy and metaphysics, politics, psychology, religious law, and traditional Islam. Submissions are subject to a blind peer review process.

Islamic Life and Thought

Islamic Life and Thought
Author: Seyyed Hossein Nasr
Publsiher: The Other Press
Total Pages: 232
Release: 2010
ISBN: 9675062495
Category: Islam and the social sciences
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Islamic Life and Thought Book Excerpt:

Theories of Vision from Al kindi to Kepler

Theories of Vision from Al kindi to Kepler
Author: David C. Lindberg,David Charles Lindberg
Publsiher: University of Chicago Press
Total Pages: 324
Release: 1981
ISBN: 0226482359
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Theories of Vision from Al kindi to Kepler Book Excerpt:

Kepler's successful solution to the problem of vision early in the seventeenth century was a theoretical triumph as significant as many of the more celebrated developments of the scientific revolution. Yet the full import of Kepler's arguments can be grasped only when they are viewed against the background of ancient, medieval, and Renaissance visual theory. David C. Lindberg provides this background, and in doing so he fills the gap in historical scholarship and constructs a model for tracing the development of scientific ideas. David C. Lindberg is professor and chairman of the department of the history of science at the University of Wisconsin, Madison.