The Philosophy of Biology

The Philosophy of Biology
Author: David L. Hull
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 772
Release: 1998
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Philosophy of Biology Book Excerpt:

The aim of this series is to bring together important recent writings in major areas of philosophical inquiry, selected from a variety of sources, mostly periodicals, which may not be conveniently available to the university student or the general reader. The editors of each volume contribute an introductory essay on the items chosen and on the questions with which they deal. A selective bibliography is appended as a guide to further reading. The philosophy of biology today is one of the most exciting areas in philosophical inquiry. Drawing on work of the past decade, this volume brings together articles from the philosophy, history, and sociology of science, as well as many branches of the biological sciences, to consider issues including the nature of evolutionary theory, biology and ethics, the challenge from religion, and the social implications of biology today (in particular the Human Genome Project). The 36 articles in this collection are divided into 10 parts, each with an introduction by the editors. Spanning issues from epistemology across to ethics, the volume delves into the latest theoretical controversies as well as burning questions of contemporary social importance. Throughout the volume an attempt is made to offer positions from different perspectives, so that the reader will be challenged as well as informed. The Philosophy of Biology will be essential and fascinating reading for students of philosophy and biology as well as the general reader with an interest in the natural sciences and evolution.

Philosophy of Biology

Philosophy of Biology
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 638
Release: 2007-02-05
ISBN: 9780080471242
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy of Biology Book Excerpt:

Philosophy of Biology is a rapidly expanding field. It is concerned with explanatory concepts in evolution, genetics, and ecology. This collection of 25 essays by leading researchers provides an overview of the state of the field. These essays are wholly new; none of them could have been written even ten years ago. They demonstrate how philosophical analysis has been able to contribute to sometimes contested areas of scientific theory making. -Written by internationally acknowledged leaders in the field - Entries make original contributions as well as summarizing state of the art discoveries in the field - Easy to read and understand

Philosophy of Biology

Philosophy of Biology
Author: Alex Rosenberg,Robert Arp
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 465
Release: 2009-04-27
ISBN: 1405183179
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy of Biology Book Excerpt:

By combining excerpts from key historical writings with editors’ introductions and further reading material, Philosophy of Biology: An Anthology offers a comprehensive, accessible, and up-to-date collection of the field’s most significant works. Addresses central questions such as ‘What is life?’ and ‘How did it begin?’, and the most current research and arguments on evolution and developmental biology Editorial notes throughout the text define, clarify, and qualify ideas, concepts and arguments Includes material on evolutionary psychology and evolutionary developmental biology not found in other standard philosophy of biology anthologies Further reading material assists novices in delving deeper into research in philosophy of biology

Philosophy Of Biology

Philosophy Of Biology
Author: Elliott Sober
Publsiher: Westview Press
Total Pages: 260
Release: 2000-01-12
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy Of Biology Book Excerpt:

A guide to some of the developments that have occurred in the philosophy of biology. Covering such issues as evolutionary theory, creationism, teleology, nature versus nurture and sociobiology, this book provides an overview of the current state of play in this rapidly-changing discipline.

Philosophy of Biology

Philosophy of Biology
Author: Samir Okasha
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 153
Release: 2019-11-07
ISBN: 019880699X
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy of Biology Book Excerpt:

Over the last forty years the philosophy of biology has emerged as an important sub-discipline of the philosophy of science. Covering some of science's most divisive topics, such as philosophical issues in genetics, it also encompasses areas where modern biology has increasingly impinged on traditional philosophical questions, such as free will, essentialism, and nature vs nurture. In this Very Short Introduction Samir Okasha outlines the core issues with which contemporary philosophy of biology is engaged. Offering a whistle-stop tour of the history of biology, he explores key ideas and paradigm shifts throughout the centuries, including areas such as the theory of evolution by natural selection; the concepts of function and design; biological individuality; and the debate over adaptationism. Throughout Okasha makes clear the relevance of biology for understanding human beings, human society, and our place in the natural world, and the importance of engaging with these issues. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Biology

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Biology
Author: Michael Ruse
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 658
Release: 2008-07-10
ISBN: 0195182057
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Biology Book Excerpt:

This handbook covers the history of philosophy of biology then moves on to evolutionary theory. It continues with discussions of molecular biology and ecology, and covers biology and ethics as well as biology and religion.

The Philosophy of Biology

The Philosophy of Biology
Author: Kostas Kampourakis
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 762
Release: 2013-06-18
ISBN: 9400765371
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Philosophy of Biology Book Excerpt:

This book brings together for the first time philosophers of biology to write about some of the most central concepts and issues in their field from the perspective of biology education. The chapters of the book cover a variety of topics ranging from traditional ones, such as biological explanation, biology and religion or biology and ethics, to contemporary ones, such as genomics, systems biology or evolutionary developmental biology. Each of the 30 chapters covers the respective philosophical literature in detail and makes specific suggestions for biology education. The aim of this book is to inform biology educators, undergraduate and graduate students in biology and related fields, students in teacher training programs, and curriculum developers about the current state of discussion on the major topics in the philosophy of biology and its implications for teaching biology. In addition, the book can be valuable to philosophers of biology as an introductory text in undergraduate and graduate courses.

Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Biology

Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Biology
Author: Francisco J. Ayala,Robert Arp
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 440
Release: 2009-11-19
ISBN: 9781444314939
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Biology Book Excerpt:

This collection of specially commissioned essays puts top scholarshead to head to debate the central issues in the lively and fastgrowing field of philosophy of biology Brings together original essays on ten of the most hotlydebated questions in philosophy of biology Lively head-to-head debate format sharply defines the issuesand paves the way for further discussion Includes coverage of the new and vital area of evolutionarydevelopmental biology, as well as the concept of a unified species,the role of genes in selection, the differences between micro- andmacro-evolution, and much more Each section features an introduction to the topic as well assuggestions for further reading Offers an accessible overview of this fast-growing and dynamicfield, whilst also capturing the imagination of professionalphilosophers and biologists

The Understanding of Nature

The Understanding of Nature
Author: Marjorie Grene
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 402
Release: 1974-09-30
ISBN: 9789027704634
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Understanding of Nature Book Excerpt:

No student or colleague of Marjorie Grene will miss her incisive presence in these papers on the study and nature of living nature, and we believe the new reader will quickly join the stimulating discussion and critique which Professor Grene steadily provokes. For years she has worked with equally sure knowledge in the classical domain of philosophy and in modern epistemological inquiry, equally philosopher of science and metaphysician. Moreover, she has the deeply sensible notion that she should be a critically intelligent learner as much as an imaginatively original thinker, and as a result she has brought insightful expository readings of other philosophers and scientists to her own work. We were most fortunate that Marjorie Grene was willing to spend a full semester of a recent leave here in Boston, and we have on other occasions sought her participation in our colloquia and elsewhere. Now we have the pleasure of including among the Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science this generous selection from Grene's philosophical inquiries into the understanding of the natural world, and of the men and women in it. Boston University Center for the R. S. COHEN Philosophy and History of Science M. W. W ARTOFSKY April 1974 PREFACE This collection spans - spottily - years from 1946 ('On Some Distinctions between Men and Brutes') to 1974 ('On the Nature of Natural Necessity').

Studies in the Philosophy of Biology

Studies in the Philosophy of Biology
Author: Francisco Ayala,Francisco José Ayala,Francisco Jose Ayala,Theodosius Dobzhansky
Publsiher: Univ of California Press
Total Pages: 424
Release: 1974-01-01
ISBN: 9780520026490
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Studies in the Philosophy of Biology Book Excerpt:

The Philosophy of Biology

The Philosophy of Biology
Author: Marjorie Glicksman Grene,Marjorie Grene,David Depew
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 446
Release: 2004-08-02
ISBN: 9780521643801
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Philosophy of Biology Book Excerpt:

Examines how the philosophy of biology has evolved to our current understanding.

Philosophy of Biology

Philosophy of Biology
Author: Peter Godfrey-Smith
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 200
Release: 2016-09-06
ISBN: 0691174679
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy of Biology Book Excerpt:

An essential introduction to the philosophy of biology This is a concise, comprehensive, and accessible introduction to the philosophy of biology written by a leading authority on the subject. Geared to philosophers, biologists, and students of both, the book provides sophisticated and innovative coverage of the central topics and many of the latest developments in the field. Emphasizing connections between biological theories and other areas of philosophy, and carefully explaining both philosophical and biological terms, Peter Godfrey-Smith discusses the relation between philosophy and science; examines the role of laws, mechanistic explanation, and idealized models in biological theories; describes evolution by natural selection; and assesses attempts to extend Darwin's mechanism to explain changes in ideas, culture, and other phenomena. Further topics include functions and teleology, individuality and organisms, species, the tree of life, and human nature. The book closes with detailed, cutting-edge treatments of the evolution of cooperation, of information in biology, and of the role of communication in living systems at all scales. Authoritative and up-to-date, this is an essential guide for anyone interested in the important philosophical issues raised by the biological sciences.

Philosophy of Biology Today

Philosophy of Biology Today
Author: Lucyle T Werkmeister Professor of Philosophy and Director of the Program in the History and Philosophy of Science Michael Ruse,Robert J. Richards,Michael Ruse
Publsiher: SUNY Press
Total Pages: 176
Release: 1988-01-01
ISBN: 9780887069109
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy of Biology Today Book Excerpt:

"As molecular biologists peer ever more deeply into life's mysteries, there are those who fear that such 'reductionism' conceals more than it reveals, and there are those who complain that the new techniques threaten the physical safety of us all. As students of evolution apply their understanding to our own species, some people think that this is merely an excuse for racist and sexist propaganda, and others worry that the whole exercise blatantly violates the religious beliefs many hold dear. These controversies are the joint concerns of biologists and philosophers--of those whose task it is to study the theoretical and moral foundations of knowledge"--From publisher description.

A Companion to the Philosophy of Biology

A Companion to the Philosophy of Biology
Author: Sahotra Sarkar,Anya Plutynski
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 618
Release: 2010-11-08
ISBN: 1444337858
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Companion to the Philosophy of Biology Book Excerpt:

A COMPANION TO THE PHILOSOPHY OF BIOLOGY “Sarkar is to be congratulated for assembling this talented team of philosophers, who are themselves to be congratulated for writing these interesting essays on so many fascinating areas in philosophy of biology. This book will be a wonderful resource for future work.” Elliot Sober, University of Wisconsin-Madison “Many of the discussions here start with a definition of terms and a historical context of the subject before delving into the deeper philosophical issues, making it a useful reference for students of biology as well as philosophy.” Northeastern Naturalist “The topics that are addressed are done so well. This book will appeal to the advanced student and knowledgeable amateur and may prove useful catalyst for discussion among research teams or those engaged in cross-disciplinary studies.” Reference Reviews A Companion to the Philosophy of Biology offers concise overviews of philosophical issues raised by all areas of biology. Addressing both traditional and emerging areas of philosophical interest, the volume focuses on the philosophical implications of evolutionary theory as well as key topics such as molecular biology, immunology, and ecology Comprising essays by top scholars in the field, this volume is an authoritative guide for professional philosophers, historians, sociologists and biologists, as well as an accessible reference work for students seeking to learn about this rapidly-changing field.

Philosophy Of Biology

Philosophy Of Biology
Author: Elliott Sober
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2018-03-05
ISBN: 0429963424
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy Of Biology Book Excerpt:

Perhaps because of it implications for our understanding of human nature, recent philosophy of biology has seen what might be the most dramatic work in the philosophies of the ?special? sciences. This drama has centered on evolutionary theory, and in the second edition of this textbook, Elliott Sober introduces the reader to the most important issues of these developments. With a rare combination of technical sophistication and clarity of expression, Sober engages both the higher level of theory and the direct implications for such controversial issues as creationism, teleology, nature versus nurture, and sociobiology. Above all, the reader will gain from this book a firm grasp of the structure of evolutionary theory, the evidence for it, and the scope of its explanatory significance.

Philosophy of Biology

Philosophy of Biology
Author: Brian Garvey
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2014-12-05
ISBN: 1317493672
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy of Biology Book Excerpt:

This major new series in the philosophy of science aims to provide a new generation of textbooks for the subject. The series will not only offer fresh treatments of core topics in the theory and methodology of scientific knowledge, but also introductions to newer areas of the discipline. Furthermore, the series will cover topics in current science that raise significant foundational issues both for scientific theory and for philosophy more generally. Biology raises distinct questions of its own not only for philosophy of science, but for metaphysics, epistemology and ethics. This comprehensive new textbook for a rapidly growing field of study provides students new to the subject with an up-to-date presentation of the key philosophical issues. Care is taken throughout to keep the technicalities accessible to the non-biologist but without sacrificing the philosophical subtleties. The first part of the book covers the philosophical challenges posed by evolution and evolutionary biology, beginning with Darwin's central argument in the Origin of the Species. Individual chapters cover natural selection, the selfish gene, alternative units of selection, developmental systems theory, adaptionism and issues in macroevolution. The second part of the book examines philosophical questions arising in connection with biological traits, function, nature and nurture, and biological kinds. The third part of the book examines metaphysical questions, biology's relation with the traditional concerns of philosophy of science, and how evolution has been introduced into epistemological debates. The final part considers the relevance of biology to questions about ethics, religion and human nature.

Topics in the Philosophy of Biology

Topics in the Philosophy of Biology
Author: Marjorie Grene,Everett Mendelson
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 454
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 9401018294
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Topics in the Philosophy of Biology Book Excerpt:

The philosophy of biology should move to the center of the philosophy of science - a place it has not been accorded since the time of Mach. Physics was the paradigm of science, and its shadow falls across con temporary philosophy of biology as well, in a variety of contexts: reduction, organization and system, biochemical mechanism, and the models of law and explanation which derive from the Duhem-Popper Hempel tradition. This volume, we think, offers ample evidence of how good contempo rary work in the philosophical understanding of biology has become. Marjorie Grene and Everett Mendelsohn aptly combine a deep philo sophical appreciation of conceptual issues in biology with an historical understanding of the radical changes in the science of biology since the 19th century. In this book, they present essays which probe such historical and methodological questions as reducibility, levels of organization, function and teleology, and the range of issues emerging from evolution ary theory and the species problem. In conjunction with Professor Grene's collection of essays on the philosophy of biology, The Under standing of Nature (Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Vol. XXIII) and the occasional essays on these topics which we have published in other volumes (listed below), this volume contributes to bringing biology to the center of philosophical attention. Everett Mendelsohn, 'Explanation in Nineteenth Century Biology' (Boston Studies, Vol. II, 1965). David Hawkins, 'Taxonomy and Information', (Boston Studies, Vol. III, 1967).

Philosophy of Biology Before Biology

Philosophy of Biology Before Biology
Author: Cécilia Bognon-Küss,Charles T. Wolfe
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 220
Release: 2019-02-11
ISBN: 1317227557
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy of Biology Before Biology Book Excerpt:

The use of the term "biology" to refer to a unified science of life emerged around 1800 (most prominently by scientists such as Lamarck and Treviranus, although scholarship has indicated its usage at least 30-40 years earlier). The interplay between philosophy and natural science has also accompanied the constitution of biology as a science. Philosophy of Biology Before Biology examines biological and protobiological writings from the mid-eighteenth century to the early nineteenth century (from Buffon to Cuvier; Kant to Oken; and Kielmeyer) with two major sets of questions in mind: What were the distinctive conceptual features of the move toward biology as a science? What were the relations and differences between the "philosophical" focus on the nature of living entities, and the "scientific" focus? This insightful volume produces a fresh but also systematic perspective both on the history of biology as a science and on the early versions of, in the 1960s in a post-positivist context, the philosophy of biology. It will appeal to students and researchers interested in fields such as history of science, philosophy of science and biology.

Annals of the History and Philosophy of Biology 11 2006

Annals of the History and Philosophy of Biology 11 2006
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Total Pages: 268
Release: 2007
ISBN: 3938616857
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Annals of the History and Philosophy of Biology 11 2006 Book Excerpt:

The name DGGTB (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Geschichte und Theorie der Biologie; German Society for the History and Theory of Biology) refl ects recent history as well as German tradition. The Society is a relatively late addition to a series of German societies of science and medicine that began with the »Deutsche Gesellschaft für Geschichte der Medizin und der Naturwissenschaften«, founded in 1910 by Leipzig University's Karl Sudhoff (1853-1938), who wrote: »We want to establish a ,German' society in order to gather German-speaking historians together in our special disciplines so that they form the core of an international society«. Yet Sudhoff, at this time of burgeoning academic internationalism, was »quite willing« to accommodate the wishes of a number of founding members and »drop the word German in the title of the Society and have it merge with an international society«. The founding and naming of the Society at that time derived from a specific set of historical circumstances, and the same was true some 80 years later when in 1991, in the wake of German reunification, the »Deutsche Gesellschaft für Geschichte und Theorie der Biologie« was founded. From the start, the Society has been committed to bringing studies in the history and philosophy of biology to a wide audience, using for this purpose its Jahrbuch für Geschichte und Theorie der Biologie. Parallel to the Jahrbuch, the Verhandlungen zur Geschichte und Theorie der Biologie has become the by now traditional medium for the publication of papers delivered at the Society`s annual meetings. In 2005 the Jahrbuch was renamed Annals of the History and Philosophy of Biology, reflecting the Society's internationalist aspirations in addressing comparative biology as a subject of historical and philosophical studies.

Annals of the History and Philosophy of Biology 10 2005

Annals of the History and Philosophy of Biology 10 2005
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Total Pages: 213
Release: 2006
ISBN: 3938616393
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Annals of the History and Philosophy of Biology 10 2005 Book Excerpt:

The name DGGTB (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Geschichte und Theorie der Biologie; German Society for the History and Theory of Biology) reflects recent history as well as German tradition. The Society is a relatively late addition to a series of German societies of science and medicine that began with the »Deutsche Gesellschaft für Geschichte der Medizin und der Naturwissenschaften«, founded in 1910 by Leipzig University's Karl Sudhoff (1853-1938), who wrote: »We want to establish a ,German' society in order to gather German-speaking historians together in our special disciplines so that they form the core of an international society...«. Yet Sudhoff, at this time of burgeoning academic internationalism, was »quite willing« to accommodate the wishes of a number of founding members and »drop the word German in the title of the Society and have it merge with an international society«. The founding and naming of the Society at that time derived from a specific set of historical circumstances, and the same was true some 80 years later when in 1991, in the wake of German reunification, the »Deutsche Gesellschaft für Geschichte und Theorie der Biologie« was founded. From the start, the Society has been committed to bringing studies in the history and philosophy of biology to a wide audience, using for this purpose its Jahrbuch für Geschichte und Theorie der Biologie. Parallel to the Jahrbuch, the Verhandlungen zur Geschichte und Theorie der Biologie has become the by now traditional medium for the publication of papers delivered at the Society's annual meetings. In 2005 the Jahrbuch was renamed Annals of the History and Philosophy of Biology, reflecting the Society's internationalist aspirations in addressing comparative biology as a subject of historical and philosophical studies.