# Philosophy Of Logic

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## An Introduction to the Philosophy of Logic

Author | : Daniel Cohnitz,Luis Estrada-González |

Publsiher | : Cambridge University Press |

Total Pages | : 135 |

Release | : 2019-05-31 |

ISBN | : 1108603289 |

Category | : Philosophy |

Language | : EN, FR, DE, ES & NL |

**An Introduction to the Philosophy of Logic Book Excerpt:**

Philosophy of logic is a fundamental part of philosophical study, and one which is increasingly recognized as being immensely important in relation to many issues in metaphysics, metametaphysics, epistemology, philosophy of mathematics, and philosophy of language. This textbook provides a comprehensive and accessible introduction to topics including the objectivity of logical inference rules and its relevance in discussions of epistemological relativism, the revived interest in logical pluralism, the question of logic's metaphysical neutrality, and the demarcation between logic and mathematics. Chapters in the book cover the state of the art in contemporary philosophy of logic, and allow students to understand the philosophical relevance of these debates without having to contend with complex technical arguments. This will be a major new resource for students working on logic, as well as for readers seeking a better understanding of philosophy of logic in its wider context.

## A Companion to Philosophical Logic

Author | : Dale Jacquette |

Publsiher | : John Wiley & Sons |

Total Pages | : 832 |

Release | : 2008-04-15 |

ISBN | : 1405149949 |

Category | : Philosophy |

Language | : EN, FR, DE, ES & NL |

**A Companion to Philosophical Logic Book Excerpt:**

This collection of newly comissioned essays by international contributors offers a representative overview of the most important developments in contemporary philosophical logic. Presents controversies in philosophical implications and applications of formal symbolic logic. Surveys major trends and offers original insights.

## Philosophical Logic

Author | : John P. Burgess |

Publsiher | : Princeton University Press |

Total Pages | : 153 |

Release | : 2009-07-06 |

ISBN | : 9780691137896 |

Category | : Philosophy |

Language | : EN, FR, DE, ES & NL |

**Philosophical Logic Book Excerpt:**

Philosophical Logic is a clear and concise critical survey of nonclassical logics of philosophical interest written by one of the world's leading authorities on the subject. After giving an overview of classical logic, John Burgess introduces five central branches of nonclassical logic (temporal, modal, conditional, relevantistic, and intuitionistic), focusing on the sometimes problematic relationship between formal apparatus and intuitive motivation. Requiring minimal background and arranged to make the more technical material optional, the book offers a choice between an overview and in-depth study, and it balances the philosophical and technical aspects of the subject. The book emphasizes the relationship between models and the traditional goal of logic, the evaluation of arguments, and critically examines apparatus and assumptions that often are taken for granted. Philosophical Logic provides an unusually thorough treatment of conditional logic, unifying probabilistic and model-theoretic approaches. It underscores the variety of approaches that have been taken to relevantistic and related logics, and it stresses the problem of connecting formal systems to the motivating ideas behind intuitionistic mathematics. Each chapter ends with a brief guide to further reading. Philosophical Logic addresses students new to logic, philosophers working in other areas, and specialists in logic, providing both a sophisticated introduction and a new synthesis.

## Handbook of Philosophical Logic

Author | : Dov M. Gabbay,Franz Guenthner |

Publsiher | : Springer Science & Business Media |

Total Pages | : 531 |

Release | : 2013-06-29 |

ISBN | : 9400952031 |

Category | : Philosophy |

Language | : EN, FR, DE, ES & NL |

**Handbook of Philosophical Logic Book Excerpt:**

This volume presents a number of systems of logic which can be considered as alternatives to classical logic. The notion of what counts as an alternative is a somewhat problematic one. There are extreme views on the matter of what is the 'correct' logical system and whether one logical system (e. g. classical logic) can represent (or contain) all the others. The choice of the systems presented in this volume was guided by the following criteria for including a logic as an alternative: (i) the departure from classical logic in accepting or rejecting certain theorems of classical logic following intuitions arising from significant application areas and/or from human reasoning; (ii) the alternative logic is well-established and well-understood mathematically and is widely applied in other disciplines such as mathematics, physics, computer science, philosophy, psychology, or linguistics. A number of other alternatives had to be omitted for the present volume (e. g. recent attempts to formulate so-called 'non-monotonic' reason ing systems). Perhaps these can be included in future extensions of the Handbook of Philosophical Logic. Chapter 1 deals with partial logics, that is, systems where sentences do not always have to be either true or false, and where terms do not always have to denote. These systems are thus, in general, geared towards reasoning in partially specified models. Logics of this type have arisen mainly from philo sophical and linguistic considerations; various applications in theoretical computer science have also been envisaged.

## Handbook of Philosophical Logic

Author | : Dov M. Gabbay,Franz Guenthner |

Publsiher | : Springer Science & Business Media |

Total Pages | : 431 |

Release | : 2013-06-29 |

ISBN | : 9401704562 |

Category | : Philosophy |

Language | : EN, FR, DE, ES & NL |

**Handbook of Philosophical Logic Book Excerpt:**

It is with great pleasure that we are presenting to the community the second edition of this extraordinary handbook. It has been over 15 years since the publication of the first edition and there have been great changes in the landscape of philosophical logic since then. The first edition has proved invaluable to generations of students and researchers in formal philosophy and language, as well as to consumers of logic in many applied areas. The main logic artiele in the Encyelopaedia Britannica 1999 has described the first edition as 'the best starting point for exploring any of the topics in logic'. We are confident that the second edition will prove to be just as good. ! The first edition was the second handbook published for the logic commu nity. It followed the North Holland one volume Handbook 0/ Mathematical Logic, published in 1977, edited by the late Jon Barwise. The four volume Handbook 0/ Philosophical Logic, published 1983-1989 came at a fortunate temporal junction at the evolution of logic. This was the time when logic was gaining ground in computer science and artificial intelligence cireles. These areas were under increasing commercial press ure to provide devices which help andjor replace the human in his daily activity. This pressure required the use of logic in the modelling of human activity and organisa tion on the one hand and to provide the theoretical basis for the computer program constructs on the other.

## Logic and Philosophy

Author | : Howard Kahane,Alan Hausman,Frank Boardman |

Publsiher | : Hackett Publishing Company |

Total Pages | : 464 |

Release | : 2021-01-20 |

ISBN | : 9781624669354 |

Category | : Electronic Book |

Language | : EN, FR, DE, ES & NL |

**Logic and Philosophy Book Excerpt:**

A comprehensive introduction to formal logic, Logic and Philosophy: A Modern Introduction is a rigorous yet accessible text, appropriate for students encountering the subject for the first time. Abundant, carefully crafted exercise sets accompanied by a clear, engaging exposition build to an exploration of sentential logic, first-order predicate logic, the theory of descriptions, identity, relations, set theory, modal logic, and Aristotelian logic. And as its title suggests, Logic and Philosophy is devoted not only to logic but also to the philosophical debates that led to the development of the field. Much new material has been added for the 13th edition. An introduction to set theory and its relationship to logic and mathematics, including philosophical issues, is now part of Chapter 13. Chapter 15 is an introduction to modal logic and Kripke semantics, concluding with a discussion of philosophical problems with any logical accommodation of modalities. Instructors who do not wish to present proof methods will find chapters on truth trees for both sentential and first-order logic, and a presentation of trees for modal logic. Special features of this text include presentations of the history of logic, alternatives to traditional methods of conditional and indirect proof, and a discussion of semantic problems with universal and existential instantiations. Throughout, the authors are sensitive to philosophical issues that arise from the relationship between ordinary language, symbolic logic, and justifications for the syntax and semantics of the various symbolic languages. Discussions range from the justification of the truth table for the sentential rendering of if . . . then statements to semantic and syntactic paradoxes, including some troubling paradoxes that arise in ordinary language (e.g., the so-called hangman or surprise quiz paradox). Logic and Philosophy includes ample material for a one-semester or two-semester course and provides a thorough preparation for more advanced logic courses.

## The Philosophy of Logical Atomism

Author | : Bertrand Russell,Immanuel Kant |

Publsiher | : Open Court Publishing Company |

Total Pages | : 188 |

Release | : 1985 |

ISBN | : 1928374650XXX |

Category | : Philosophy |

Language | : EN, FR, DE, ES & NL |

**The Philosophy of Logical Atomism Book Excerpt:**

Previously published: Russell's Logical atomism. 1972. Bibliography: p. 182-184. Includes index. The philosophy of logical atomism (1918). -- Logical atomism (1924).

## Three Views of Logic

Author | : Donald W. Loveland,Richard E. Hodel,S. G. Sterrett |

Publsiher | : Princeton University Press |

Total Pages | : 344 |

Release | : 2014-01-26 |

ISBN | : 0691160449 |

Category | : Mathematics |

Language | : EN, FR, DE, ES & NL |

**Three Views of Logic Book Excerpt:**

Demonstrating the different roles that logic plays in the disciplines of computer science, mathematics, and philosophy, this concise undergraduate textbook covers select topics from three different areas of logic: proof theory, computability theory, and nonclassical logic. The book balances accessibility, breadth, and rigor, and is designed so that its materials will fit into a single semester. Its distinctive presentation of traditional logic material will enhance readers' capabilities and mathematical maturity. The proof theory portion presents classical propositional logic and first-order logic using a computer-oriented (resolution) formal system. Linear resolution and its connection to the programming language Prolog are also treated. The computability component offers a machine model and mathematical model for computation, proves the equivalence of the two approaches, and includes famous decision problems unsolvable by an algorithm. The section on nonclassical logic discusses the shortcomings of classical logic in its treatment of implication and an alternate approach that improves upon it: Anderson and Belnap's relevance logic. Applications are included in each section. The material on a four-valued semantics for relevance logic is presented in textbook form for the first time. Aimed at upper-level undergraduates of moderate analytical background, Three Views of Logic will be useful in a variety of classroom settings. Gives an exceptionally broad view of logic Treats traditional logic in a modern format Presents relevance logic with applications Provides an ideal text for a variety of one-semester upper-level undergraduate courses

## Edmund Husserl The cutting edge phenomenological method philosophical logic ontology and philosophy of science

Author | : Rudolf Bernet,Donn Welton,Gina Zavota |

Publsiher | : Taylor & Francis |

Total Pages | : 381 |

Release | : 2005 |

ISBN | : 9780415289580 |

Category | : Philosophy |

Language | : EN, FR, DE, ES & NL |

**Edmund Husserl The cutting edge phenomenological method philosophical logic ontology and philosophy of science Book Excerpt:**

This collection makes available, in one place, the very best essays on the founding father of phenomenology, reprinting key writings on Husserl's thought from the past seventy years. It draws together a range of writings, many otherwise inaccessible, that have been recognized as seminal contributions not only to an understanding of this great philosopher but also to the development of his phenomenology. The four volumes are arranged as follows: Volume I Classic essays from Husserl's assistants, students and earlier interlocutors. Including a selection of papers from such figures as Heidegger, Merleau-Ponty, Sartre, Ricoeur and Levinas. Volume II Classic commentaries on Husserl's published works. "Covering the Logical Investigations," " Ideas I," " Phenomenology of Internal Time Consciousness," "" ""and" Formal and Transcendental Logic." Volumes III and IV Papers concentrating on particular aspects of Husserl's theory including: Husserl's account of mathematics and logic, his theory of science, the nature of phenomenological reduction, his account of perception and language, the theory of space and time, his phenomenology of imagination and empathy, the concept of the life-world and his epistemology.

## The Bloomsbury Companion to Philosophical Logic

Author | : Leon Horsten,Richard Pettigrew |

Publsiher | : Bloomsbury Publishing |

Total Pages | : 656 |

Release | : 2014-09-25 |

ISBN | : 1472528298 |

Category | : Philosophy |

Language | : EN, FR, DE, ES & NL |

**The Bloomsbury Companion to Philosophical Logic Book Excerpt:**

Logical methods are used in all area of philosophy. By introducing and advancing central to topics in the discipline, The Bloomsbury Companion to Philosophical Logic emphasizes the crucial role logic plays in understanding philosophical problems. Covering stages in the history of logic and of modern logic, this comprehensive Companion looks ahead to new areas of research and explores issues pertaining to classical logic and its rivals, semantics for parts of natural language, and the application of logic in the theory of rationality. Experts in the field provide a mix of technical chapters that offer excellent encyclopaedias of results in the area and chapters of philosophical discussions that survey a range of philosophical positions. To facilitate further study, this volumes also includes a series of research tools such as a detailed index, an up-to-date list of resources and an annotated bibliography. Balancing technical exposition with philosophical discussion, The Bloomsbury Companion to Philosophical Logic not only provides students and lecturers with the basis of a course in philosophical logic, it offers anyone working in this key area of contemporary philosophy a valuable research resource.

## Logic and Philosophy of Logic

Author | : Max A. Freund,Max Fernandez de Castro,Marco Ruffino |

Publsiher | : Unknown |

Total Pages | : 322 |

Release | : 2018-12-10 |

ISBN | : 9781848902930 |

Category | : Mathematics |

Language | : EN, FR, DE, ES & NL |

**Logic and Philosophy of Logic Book Excerpt:**

Logic and philosophy of logic have increasingly become areas of research and great interest in Latin America and Spain, where significant work has been done and continues to be done in both of these fields. The goal of this volume is to draw attention to this work through a collection of original and unpublished papers by specialists from Latin America and Spain. Some of the papers are of importance for set-theory and model theory. They cover topics such as the foundations of paraconsistency, the use of paraconsistent logic as a basis for set-theory, and the methodological aspects in both the justiﬁcation of new axioms in set theory and the formalization of pre-theoretic notions. Other papers are related to epistemic logic. They deal with the issues of abduction and the choice of the simplest hypothesis, the definition of group probability, and the nature of explanation and understanding in such logic. There are also papers on logical paradoxes, the semantics of names (including fictional names), and the nature of relations. Max A. Freund is Professor of Logic and Philosophy at the University of Costa Rica and the National University of Costa Rica. He is co-author of the book Modal Logic its syntax and semantics (Oxford University Press, 2008), as well as the author of Judicial Logic (Costa Rica Institute of Technology Press, 2007), and of a forthcoming book The Logic of Sortals (Springer, 2019). Max Fernandez de Castro is Professor of Logic and Philosophy at the Autonomous Metropolitan University of Mexico (at Iztapalapa). He is the author of the book Quine y la Ontología Abstracta (Porrúa, 2003) and co-author of the books Lógica Matemática I: lógica proposicional, intuicionista y modal (País, 2011), Lógica Matemática II: clásica, intuicionista y modal (País, 2011), Teoría de Conjuntos, Lógica y Temas Afines I (UAM Press, 2013). Marco Ruffino is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Campinas (UNICAMP, Brazil) and the editor of Manuscrito, the Brazilian international journal for Analytic Philosophy. He has many publications, in important philosophical journals, in the philosophy of language, of logic, and of mathematics; in the history of analytic philosophy, and on Frege and Wittgenstein.

## Handbook of Philosophical Logic

Author | : Dov M. Gabbay,Franz Guenthner |

Publsiher | : Springer |

Total Pages | : 2558 |

Release | : 1994-09-30 |

ISBN | : 9780792331001 |

Category | : Philosophy |

Language | : EN, FR, DE, ES & NL |

**Handbook of Philosophical Logic Book Excerpt:**

The Handbook of Philosophical Logic is a unique systematic survey of the central areas of philosophical logic. Divided into four volumes, each devoted to a major sub-field within the disciplines, it is expected that the Handbook will have considerable influence in the field for many years to come. Written by world authorities in philosophical logic, the work reflects careful and fruitful collaboration by the authors at every stage of the project. This has ensured a comprehensive and definitive set of articles which will be of inestimable value to general philosophers, linguists, logicians, mathematicians and computer scientists. Volume I: Elements of Classical Logic, deals with the background to what has come to be considered the standard formulation of predicate logic - both as far as its semantics and proof theory are concerned. The central chapter on predicate logic is followed by chapters outlining various alternative, but essentially equivalent ways of constructing the semantics for first-order logic as well as its proof theory. In addition, this volume contains a discussion of higher-order extensions of first-order logic and a compendium of the algorithmic and decision-theoretic prerequisites in the study of logical systems. Volume II: Extensions of Classical Logic, surveys the most significant `intensional' extensions of predicate logic and their applications to various philosophical fields of inquiry. The twelve chapters in this volume together provide a succinct introduction to a variety of intensional frameworks, a discussion of the most well-known logical systems, as well as an overview of major applications and of the open problems in the respective fields. Volume III: Alternatives to Classical Logic, consists of a series of surveys of some of the alternatives to the basic assumptions of classical logic. These include many-valued logic, partial logic, free logic, relevance and entailment logics, dialogue logic, quantum logic, and intuitionism. Volume IV: Topics in the Philosophy of Language, presents a panorama of the applications of logical tools and methods in the formal analysis of natural language. Since a number of developments in philosophical logic were originally stimulated by concern arising in the semantic analysis of natural language discourse, the chapters in this volume provide some criteria of evaluation of the applications of work in philosophical logic. In revealing both the adequacies and inadequacies of logical investigations in the semantic structures of natural discourse, these chapters also point the way to future developments in philosophical logic in general and thus close again the circle of inquiry relating logic and language.

## The Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic in the 1920s and 1930s in Poland

Author | : Roman Murawski |

Publsiher | : Springer |

Total Pages | : 228 |

Release | : 2014-08-27 |

ISBN | : 3034808313 |

Category | : Mathematics |

Language | : EN, FR, DE, ES & NL |

**The Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic in the 1920s and 1930s in Poland Book Excerpt:**

The aim of this book is to present and analyze philosophical conceptions concerning mathematics and logic as formulated by Polish logicians, mathematicians and philosophers in the 1920s and 1930s. It was a remarkable period in the history of Polish science, in particular in the history of Polish logic and mathematics. Therefore, it is justified to ask whether and to what extent the development of logic and mathematics was accompanied by a philosophical reflection. We try to answer those questions by analyzing both works of Polish logicians and mathematicians who have a philosophical temperament as well as their research practice. Works and philosophical views of the following Polish scientists will be analyzed: Wacław Sierpiński, Zygmunt Janiszewski, Stefan Mazurkiewicz, Stefan Banach Hugo Steinhaus, Eustachy Żylińsk and Leon Chwistek, Jan Łukasiewicz, Zygmunt Zawirski, Stanisław Leśniewski, Tadeusz Kotarbiński, Kazimierz Ajdukiewicz, Alfred Tarski, Andrzej Mostowski and Henryk Mehlberg, Jan Sleszyński, Stanisław Zaremba and Witold Wilkosz. To indicate the background of scientists being active in the 1920s and 1930s we consider in Chapter 1 some predecessors, in particular: Jan Śniadecki, Józef Maria Hoene-Wroński, Samuel Dickstein and Edward Stamm.

## Aspects of Philosophical Logic

Author | : Uwe Mönnich |

Publsiher | : Springer Science & Business Media |

Total Pages | : 290 |

Release | : 2012-12-06 |

ISBN | : 9400983840 |

Category | : Philosophy |

Language | : EN, FR, DE, ES & NL |

**Aspects of Philosophical Logic Book Excerpt:**

This volume constitutes the Proceedings of a workshop on formal seman tics of natural languages which was held in Tiibingen from the 1st to the 3rd of December 1977. Its main body consists of revised versions of most of the papers presented on that occasion. Three supplementary papers (those by Gabbay and Sma by) are included because they seem to be of particular interest in their respective fields. The area covered by the work of scholars engaged in philosophical logic and the formal analysis of natural languages testifies to the live liness in those disciplines. It would have been impossible to aim at a complete documentation of relevant research within the limits imposed by a short conference whereas concentration on a single topic would have conveyed the false impression of uniformity foreign to a young and active field. It is hoped that the essays collected in this volume strike a reasonable balance between the two extremes. The topics discussed here certainly belong to the most important ones enjoying the attention of linguists and philosophers alike: the analysis of tense in formal and natural languages (van Benthem, Gabbay), the quickly expanding domain of generalized quantifiers (Goldblatt), the problem of vagueness (Kamp), the connected areas of pronominal reference (Smaby) and presupposition (von Stechow) and, last but not least, modal logic as a sort of all-embracing theoretical framework (Bressan). The workshop which led to this collection formed part of the activities celebrating the 500th anniversary of Tiibingen University.

## Modal Logic for Philosophers

Author | : James W. Garson |

Publsiher | : Cambridge University Press |

Total Pages | : 135 |

Release | : 2013-11-25 |

ISBN | : 1107512301 |

Category | : Philosophy |

Language | : EN, FR, DE, ES & NL |

**Modal Logic for Philosophers Book Excerpt:**

This book on modal logic is especially designed for philosophy students. It provides an accessible yet technically sound treatment of modal logic and its philosophical applications. Every effort is made to simplify the presentation by using diagrams instead of more complex mathematical apparatus. These and other innovations provide philosophers with easy access to a rich variety of topics in modal logic, including a full coverage of quantified modal logic, non-rigid designators, definite descriptions, and the de-re de-dicto distinction. Discussion of philosophical issues concerning the development of modal logic is woven into the text. The book uses natural deduction systems, which are widely regarded as the easiest to teach and use. It also includes a diagram technique that extends the method of truth trees to modal logic. This provides a foundation for a novel method for showing completeness that is easy to extend to quantifiers. This second edition contains a new chapter on logics of conditionals, an updated and expanded bibliography, and is updated throughout.

## Science

Author | : John Michels (Journalist) |

Publsiher | : Unknown |

Total Pages | : 135 |

Release | : 1895 |

ISBN | : 1928374650XXX |

Category | : Science |

Language | : EN, FR, DE, ES & NL |

**Science Book Excerpt:**

Vols. for 1911-13 contain the Proceedings of the Helminothological Society of Washington, ISSN 0018-0120, 1st-15th meeting.

## Handbook of Philosophical Logic

Author | : Dov M. Gabbay,Franz Guenthner |

Publsiher | : Springer Science & Business Media |

Total Pages | : 354 |

Release | : 2012-12-06 |

ISBN | : 9401003874 |

Category | : Philosophy |

Language | : EN, FR, DE, ES & NL |

**Handbook of Philosophical Logic Book Excerpt:**

The eighth volume of the Second Edition contains major contributions on the Logic of Questions, Sequent Systems for Modal Logics, Deontic Logic as well as Deontic Logic and Contrary-to-duties. Audience: Students and researchers whose work or interests involve philosophical logic and its applications.

## On Logic and the Theory of Science

Author | : Jean Cavailles |

Publsiher | : MIT Press |

Total Pages | : 144 |

Release | : 2021-04-27 |

ISBN | : 173362810X |

Category | : Philosophy |

Language | : EN, FR, DE, ES & NL |

**On Logic and the Theory of Science Book Excerpt:**

A new translation of the final work of French philosopher Jean Cavaillès. In this short, dense essay, Jean Cavaillès evaluates philosophical efforts to determine the origin—logical or ontological—of scientific thought, arguing that, rather than seeking to found science in original intentional acts, a priori meanings, or foundational logical relations, any adequate theory must involve a history of the concept. Cavaillès insists on a historical epistemology that is conceptual rather than phenomenological, and a logic that is dialectical rather than transcendental. His famous call (cited by Foucault) to abandon "a philosophy of consciousness" for "a philosophy of the concept" was crucial in displacing the focus of philosophical enquiry from aprioristic foundations toward structural historical shifts in the conceptual fabric. This new translation of Cavaillès's final work, written in 1942 during his imprisonment for Resistance activities, presents an opportunity to reencounter an original and lucid thinker. Cavaillès's subtle adjudication between positivistic claims that science has no need of philosophy, and philosophers' obstinate disregard for actual scientific events, speaks to a dilemma that remains pertinent for us today. His affirmation of the authority of scientific thinking combined with his commitment to conceptual creation yields a radical defense of the freedom of thought and the possibility of the new.

## Philosophical Logic

Author | : John MacFarlane |

Publsiher | : Routledge |

Total Pages | : 258 |

Release | : 2020-11-29 |

ISBN | : 1351733559 |

Category | : Philosophy |

Language | : EN, FR, DE, ES & NL |

**Philosophical Logic Book Excerpt:**

Introductory logic is generally taught as a straightforward technical discipline. In this book, John MacFarlane helps the reader think about the limitations of, presuppositions of, and alternatives to classical first-order predicate logic, making this an ideal introduction to philosophical logic for any student who already has completed an introductory logic course. The book explores the following questions. Are there quantificational idioms that cannot be expressed with the familiar universal and existential quantifiers? How can logic be extended to capture modal notions like necessity and obligation? Does the material conditional adequately capture the meaning of 'if'—and if not, what are the alternatives? Should logical consequence be understood in terms of models or in terms of proofs? Can one intelligibly question the validity of basic logical principles like Modus Ponens or Double Negation Elimination? Is the fact that classical logic validates the inference from a contradiction to anything a flaw, and if so, how can logic be modified to repair it? How, exactly, is logic related to reasoning? Must classical logic be revised in order to be applied to vague language, and if so how? Each chapter is organized around suggested readings and includes exercises designed to deepen the reader's understanding. Key Features: An integrated treatment of the technical and philosophical issues comprising philosophical logic Designed to serve students taking only one course in logic beyond the introductory level Provides tools and concepts necessary to understand work in many areas of analytic philosophy Includes exercises, suggested readings, and suggestions for further exploration in each chapter

## Handbook of Philosophical Logic

Author | : D.M. Gabbay,Franz Guenthner |

Publsiher | : Springer Science & Business Media |

Total Pages | : 372 |

Release | : 2006-01-17 |

ISBN | : 1402030924 |

Category | : Philosophy |

Language | : EN, FR, DE, ES & NL |

**Handbook of Philosophical Logic Book Excerpt:**

The first edition of the Handbook of Philosophical Logic (four volumes) was published in the period 1983-1989 and has proven to be an invaluable reference work to both students and researchers in formal philosophy, language and logic. The second edition of the Handbook is intended to comprise some 18 volumes and will provide a very up-to-date authoritative, in-depth coverage of all major topics in philosophical logic and its applications in many cutting-edge fields relating to computer science, language, argumentation, etc. The volumes will no longer be as topic-oriented as with the first edition because of the way the subject has evolved over the last 15 years or so. However the volumes will follow some natural groupings of chapters. Audience: Students and researchers whose work or interests involve philosophical logic and its applications