Philosophy of Physics

Philosophy of Physics
Author: M. Bunge
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 258
Release: 1972-12-31
ISBN: 9789027702531
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy of Physics Book Excerpt:

This book deals with some of the current issues in the philosophy, methodology and foundations of physics. Some such problems are: - Do mathematical formalisms interpret themselves or is it necessary to adjoin them interpretation assumptions, and if so how are these as sumptions to be framed? - What are physical theories about: physical systems or laboratory operations or both or neither? - How are the basic concepts of a theory to be introduced: by ref erence to measurements or by explicit definition or axiomatically? - What is the use ofaxiomatics in physics? - How are the various physical theories inter-related: like Chinese boxes or in more complex ways? - What is the role of analogy in the construction and in the inter pretation of physical theories? In particular, are classical analogues like those of particle and wave indispensable in quantum theories? - What is the role of the apparatus in quantum phenomena and what is the place of measurement theory in quantum mechanics? - How does a theory face experiment: single-handed or with the help of further theories? These and several other questions of the kind are met with by the research physicist, the physics teacher and the physics student in their everyday work. If dodged they will recur. And a wrong answer to them may obscure the understanding of what has been achieved and may even hamper further advancement. Philosophy, methodology and foundations, like rose bushes, are enjoyable when cultivated but become ugly and thorny when neglected.

The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Physics

The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Physics
Author: Eleanor Knox,Alastair Wilson
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 786
Release: 2021-09-28
ISBN: 131722714X
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Physics Book Excerpt:

The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Physics is a comprehensive and authoritative guide to the state of the art in the philosophy of physics. It comprisess 54 self-contained chapters written by leading philosophers of physics at both senior and junior levels, making it the most thorough and detailed volume of its type on the market – nearly every major perspective in the field is represented. The Companion’s 54 chapters are organized into 12 parts. The first seven parts cover all of the major physical theories investigated by philosophers of physics today, and the last five explore key themes that unite the study of these theories. I. Newtonian Mechanics II. Special Relativity III. General Relativity IV. Non-Relativistic Quantum Theory V. Quantum Field Theory VI. Quantum Gravity VII. Statistical Mechanics and Thermodynamics VIII. Explanation IX. Intertheoretic Relations X. Symmetries XI. Metaphysics XII. Cosmology The difficulty level of the chapters has been carefully pitched so as to offer both accessible summaries for those new to philosophy of physics and standard reference points for active researchers on the front lines. An introductory chapter by the editors maps out the field, and each part also begins with a short summary that places the individual chapters in context. The volume will be indispensable to any serious student or scholar of philosophy of physics.

Phenomenological Approaches to Physics

Phenomenological Approaches to Physics
Author: Harald A. Wiltsche,Philipp Berghofer
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 263
Release: 2020-06-23
ISBN: 3030469735
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Phenomenological Approaches to Physics Book Excerpt:

This book offers fresh perspective on the role of phenomenology in the philosophy of physics which opens new avenues for discussion among physicists, "standard" philosophers of physics and philosophers with phenomenological leanings. Much has been written on the interrelations between philosophy and physics in the late 19th and early 20th century, and on the emergence of philosophy of science as an autonomous philosophical sub-discipline. This book is about the under-explored role of phenomenology in the development and the philosophical interpretation of 20th century physics. Part 1 examines questions about the origins and value of phenomenological approaches to physics. Does the work of classical phenomenologists such as Husserl, Merleau-Ponty or Heidegger contain elements of systematic value to both the practice and our philosophical understanding of physics? How did classical phenomenology influence “standard” philosophy of science in the Anglo-American and other traditions? Part 2 probes questions on the role of phenomenology in the philosophies of physics and science: - Can phenomenology help to solve “Wigner’s puzzle”, the problem of the "unreasonable effectiveness" of mathematics in describing, explaining and predicting empirical phenomena? - Does phenomenology allow better understanding of the principle of gauge invariance at the core of the standard model of contemporary particle physics? - Does the phenomenological notion of “Lifeworld” stand in opposition to the “scientific metaphysics” movement, or is there potential for dialogue? Part 3 examines the measurement problem. Is the solution outlined by Fritz London and Edmond Bauer merely a re-statement of von Neumann’s view, or should it be regarded as a distinctively phenomenological take on the measurement problem? Is phenomenology a serious contender in continuing discussions of foundational questions of quantum mechanics? Can other interpretational frameworks such as quantum Bayesianism benefit from implementing phenomenological notions such as constitution or horizonal intentionality?

Philosophy Of Physics

Philosophy Of Physics
Author: Lawrence Sklar
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 246
Release: 2018-03-05
ISBN: 0429966857
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy Of Physics Book Excerpt:

This book focuses on the most important questions of philosophy of physics, offering a sufficiently concise and clear treatment of the issues to lead the interested reader through the sometimes labyrinthian paths taken by the central debates.

Philosophy of Physics

Philosophy of Physics
Author: Tim Maudlin
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 200
Release: 2012-07-22
ISBN: 1400842336
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy of Physics Book Excerpt:

Philosophical foundations of the physics of space-time This concise book introduces nonphysicists to the core philosophical issues surrounding the nature and structure of space and time, and is also an ideal resource for physicists interested in the conceptual foundations of space-time theory. Tim Maudlin's broad historical overview examines Aristotelian and Newtonian accounts of space and time, and traces how Galileo's conceptions of relativity and space-time led to Einstein's special and general theories of relativity. Maudlin explains special relativity with enough detail to solve concrete physical problems while presenting general relativity in more qualitative terms. Additional topics include the Twins Paradox, the physical aspects of the Lorentz-FitzGerald contraction, the constancy of the speed of light, time travel, the direction of time, and more. Introduces nonphysicists to the philosophical foundations of space-time theory Provides a broad historical overview, from Aristotle to Einstein Explains special relativity geometrically, emphasizing the intrinsic structure of space-time Covers the Twins Paradox, Galilean relativity, time travel, and more Requires only basic algebra and no formal knowledge of physics

Philosophy of Physics A Very Short Introduction

Philosophy of Physics  A Very Short Introduction
Author: David Wallace
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 152
Release: 2021-04-22
ISBN: 0192545493
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy of Physics A Very Short Introduction Book Excerpt:

Very Short Introductions: Brilliant, Sharp, Inspiring Philosophy of physics is concerned with the deepest theories of modern physics - notably quantum theory, our theories of space, time and symmetry, and thermal physics - and their strange, even bizarre conceptual implications. A deeper understanding of these theories helps both physics, through pointing the way to new theories and new applications, and philosophy, through seeing how our worldview has to change in the light of what we learn from physics. This Very Short Introduction explores the core topics in philosophy of physics through three key themes. The first - the nature of space, time, and motion - begins by considering the philosophical puzzles that led Isaac Newton to propose the existence of absolute space, and then discusses how those puzzles change - but do not disappear - in the context of the revolutions in our understanding of space and time that came first from special, and then from general, relativity. The second - the emergence of irreversible behavior in statistical mechanics - considers how the microscopic laws of physics, which know of no distinction between past and future, can be compatible with the melting of ice, the cooling of coffee, the passing of youth, and all the other ways in which the large-scale world distinguishes past from future. The last section discusses quantum theory - the foundation of most of modern physics, yet mysterious to this day. It explains just why quantum theory is so difficult to make sense of, how we might nonetheless attempt to do it, and why the question has been highly relevant to the development of physics, and continues to be so. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Philosophical foundations of physics

Philosophical foundations of physics
Author: Rudolf Carnap
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 300
Release: 1966
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophical foundations of physics Book Excerpt:

Niels Bohr s Philosophy of Physics

Niels Bohr s Philosophy of Physics
Author: D. R. Murdoch
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 294
Release: 1989-03-16
ISBN: 9780521379274
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Niels Bohr s Philosophy of Physics Book Excerpt:

This book gives a clear and comprehensive exposition of Niels Bohr's philosophy of physics. Bohr's ideas are of major importance, for they are the source of the Copenhagen interpretation of quantum physics; yet they are obscure, and call for the sort of close analysis that this book provides. The book describes the historical background of the physics from which Bohr's ideas grew. The core of the book is a detailed analysis of Bohr's arguments for complementarity and of the interpretation which he put upon it. Special emphasis is placed throughout on the contrasting views of Einstein, and the great debate between Bohr and Einstein is thoroughly examined. The book traces the philosophical influences on Bohr, and unravels the realist and anti-realist strands in his thinking. Bohr's philosophy is critically assessed in the light of recent developments in the foundations of quantum physics (the work of Bell and others) and in philosophy (the realism-anti-realism debate) and it is revealed as being much more subtle and sophisticated than it is generally taken to be. While the book will be of interest to specialists, it is written in a style that will make it accessible to those who have no specialist knowledge of the relevant physics and philosophy.

Philosophy of Physics

Philosophy of Physics
Author: Tim Maudlin
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2019
ISBN: 9781787858930
Category: Electronic books
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy of Physics Book Excerpt:

A sophisticated and original introduction to the philosophy of quantum mechanics from one of the world's leading philosophers of physics.

The Philosophy of Physics

The Philosophy of Physics
Author: Andrew Brown
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 541
Release: 1854
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Cosmogony
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Philosophy of Physics Book Excerpt:

Physics and Philosophy

Physics and Philosophy
Author: H. Margenau
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 405
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 9400998457
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Physics and Philosophy Book Excerpt:

This book is intended for people interested in physics and its philosophy. for those who regard physics as an essential component of modern culture rather than merely a tool for industry or war. Indeed this volume is addressed to those students, teachers and research workers who enjoy learning, teaching or doing physics, and are in the habit of pausing once in a while to ponder over key physical concepts and hypotheses and to wonder whether received theories are as perfect as textbooks would have us believe and, if not, how they might be improved. Henry Margenau, recently retired from Yale University as Eugene Higgins Professor of Physics and Philosophy, is the most important philosopher of physics of his generation, and indeed one of the most eminent philosophers of science of our century. He introduced and elucidated the notion of the correspondence rule. He claimed and showed, in the heyday of positivism, that physics has metaphysical presuppositions. He was the first to realize that quantum mechanics can do without von Neumann's projection postulat- and that was as far back as 1936. He clarified the physics and the philosophy of Pauli's exclusion principle at a time when it seemed mysterious. He was the first physicist to publish a philosophical paper in a physics journal, which he did as early as 1941. He was also one of the rare scientists who proclaimed the need for a scientific approach to value theory and ethics.

The Philosophy Behind Physics

The Philosophy Behind Physics
Author: Thomas A. Brody
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 355
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 3642789781
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Philosophy Behind Physics Book Excerpt:

Thomas Brody had one of the most powerful and wide-ranging intellects of his generation. Although primarily a physicist who worked on statistical prob lems in nuclear physics, on probability theory and on computational physics he had an extensive knowledge of the philosophy of science and of philosophy, and was fluent in many languages. He is well-known among physicists for the Brody-Moshinsky transformation but his extensive work on probability and on the philosophy of science remained almost unknown. This was because the originality of his ideas entailed many lengthy battles with uncomprehending referees, and he frequently published in Mexican journals of limited circula tion. In addition, his strongly critical spirit inhibited his willingness to publish his ideas. He was always most concerned by the very unsatisfactory situation in the philosophy of physics, that is largely due to the generally poor knowledge that physicists and philosophers have of each other's disciplines. Philosophers of science write at length about physics without any detailed first-hand knowl edge of how research is actually carried out. Physicists, for their part, often implicitly assume naive or erroneous philosophical ideas, and this often hinders their scientific work, besides spreading further confusion if they try to give an account of what they are doing.

Collected Papers on Philosophy of Chemistry

Collected Papers on Philosophy of Chemistry
Author: Eric R Scerri
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 248
Release: 2008-06-09
ISBN: 1908978910
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Collected Papers on Philosophy of Chemistry Book Excerpt:

This book represents a collection of papers from one of the founders of the new Philosophy of Chemistry. It is only the second single-author collection of papers on the Philosophy of Chemistry. The author is the editor-in-chief of Foundations of Chemistry, the leading journal in the field. He has recently gained worldwide success with his book on the periodic table of the elements titled The Periodic Table: Its Story and Its Significance. This volume provides an in-depth examination of his more philosophical and historical work in this area and further afield. Contents:Philosophy of Chemistry and the Question of Reduction:The Case for Philosophy of ChemistryPrediction of the Nature of Hafnium from Chemistry, Bohr's Theory and Quantum TheoryHas Chemistry Been at Least Approximately Reduced to Quantum Mechanics?Reduction and Emergence in ChemistryThe Periodic Table, Electronic Configurations and the Nature of the Elements:Has the Periodic Table Been Successfully Axiomatized?The Periodic Table: The Ultimate Paper Tool in Chemistry Naive Realism, Reduction and the ‘Intermediate Position’How Ab Inito is Ab Initio Quantum Chemistry? Foundations of ChemistrySome Aspects of the Metaphysics of Chemistry and the Nature of the ElementsRealism and Anti-Realism, and Educational Issues in Philosophy of Chemistry:Constructivism, Relativism and ChemistryThe Recently Claimed Observation of Atomic Orbitals and Some Related Philosophical IssuesNormative and Descriptive Philosophy of Science and the Role of Chemistry Readership: Philosophers, historians and students of science, science educators, physicists and chemists. Keywords:Philosophy of Science;Philosophy of Chemistry;Chemistry;Atomic Physics;Reductionism;History of Science;History of ChemistryReviews: “This is an outstanding and much anticipated volume, which collects in one place a number of the seminal papers written by one of the pioneers in the philosophy of chemistry … As a companion to Scerri's highly acclaimed book The Periodic Table, Its Story and Its Significance, this volume succeeds in bringing his important work on the many facets of the reductionism debate to the attention of a new group of readers, who need to appreciate the prominent role that this debate has played from the outset in all areas of the philosophy of chemistry, and the role that Scerri himself has played in this debate … The volume itself is handsomely produced and the selections are well chosen … Every scholar in the philosophy of chemistry will want to have this volume close, to dip into, to learn about the latest thinking of one of the leading scholars in the field, and to have as a handy collection of his earlier papers.” Foundations of Chemistry “Eric Scerri brings sound chemical, historical, and philosophic scholarship to bear on the many aspects of chemical teaching that concern long-standing philosophical puzzles. Such work illuminates chemical education in interesting and unexpected ways, and also may well contribute to resolving problems in academic philosophy that have resisted other approaches.” Science & Education “General readers (or chemists, science educators, or philosophers) seeking an overview of this area could find no more effective, concise, convenient entry into this important and actively developing field than the one that this volume provides.” Joseph E Earley Professor Emeritus Georgetown University, USA “…A collection of papers from one of the founders of the new philosophy of chemistry. It is only the second single–author collection of papers on the philosophy of chemistry.” Chemical & Engineering News “This volume is an important addition to the rapidly growing body of literature in the philosophy of chemistry. In its insight, liveliness, and broad coverage, it will be a rare treat for philosophers, historians, scientists and science educators alike.” AMBIX

The Philosophy of Quantum Physics

The Philosophy of Quantum Physics
Author: Cord Friebe,Meinard Kuhlmann,Holger Lyre,Paul M. Näger,Oliver Passon,Manfred Stöckler
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 291
Release: 2018-05-28
ISBN: 9783319783543
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Philosophy of Quantum Physics Book Excerpt:

This book provides a thorough and up-to-date introduction to the philosophy of quantum physics. Although quantum theory is renowned for its spectacular empirical successes, controversial discussion about how it should be understood continue to rage today. In this volume, the authors provide an overview of its numerous philosophical challenges: Do quantum objects violate the principle of causality? Are particles of the same type indistinguishable and therefore not individual entities? Do quantum objects retain their identity over time? How does a compound quantum system relate to its parts? These questions are answered here within different interpretational approaches to quantum theory. Finally, moving to Quantum Field Theory, we find that the problem of non-locality is exacerbated. Philosophy of quantum physics is aimed at philosophers with an interest in physics, while also serving to familiarize physicists with many of the essential philosophical questions of their subject.

Gino Tarozzi Philosopher of Physics Studies in the philosophy of entanglement on his 60th birthday

Gino Tarozzi Philosopher of Physics  Studies in the philosophy of entanglement on his 60th birthday
Author: AA. VV.,Vincenzo Fano
Publsiher: FrancoAngeli
Total Pages: 209
Release: 2014-11-25T00:00:00+01:00
ISBN: 8891719285
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Gino Tarozzi Philosopher of Physics Studies in the philosophy of entanglement on his 60th birthday Book Excerpt:

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The Philosophy Behind Physics

The Philosophy Behind Physics
Author: T. A. Brody
Publsiher: Springer Verlag
Total Pages: 355
Release: 1993
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Philosophy Behind Physics Book Excerpt:

Many of Thomas Brody's writings are devoted to various aspects of this subject, and after his appointment as emeritus researcher he began to collect together some of his ideas into a book on the philosophy behind physics. He had already completed much of his work when it was interrupted by his untimely death.

Mind and Nature

Mind and Nature
Author: Hermann Weyl
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2009-03-31
ISBN: 1400833329
Category: Mathematics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mind and Nature Book Excerpt:

Hermann Weyl (1885-1955) was one of the twentieth century's most important mathematicians, as well as a seminal figure in the development of quantum physics and general relativity. He was also an eloquent writer with a lifelong interest in the philosophical implications of the startling new scientific developments with which he was so involved. Mind and Nature is a collection of Weyl's most important general writings on philosophy, mathematics, and physics, including pieces that have never before been published in any language or translated into English, or that have long been out of print. Complete with Peter Pesic's introduction, notes, and bibliography, these writings reveal an unjustly neglected dimension of a complex and fascinating thinker. In addition, the book includes more than twenty photographs of Weyl and his family and colleagues, many of which are previously unpublished. Included here are Weyl's exposition of his important synthesis of electromagnetism and gravitation, which Einstein at first hailed as "a first-class stroke of genius"; two little-known letters by Weyl and Einstein from 1922 that give their contrasting views on the philosophical implications of modern physics; and an essay on time that contains Weyl's argument that the past is never completed and the present is not a point. Also included are two book-length series of lectures, The Open World (1932) and Mind and Nature (1934), each a masterly exposition of Weyl's views on a range of topics from modern physics and mathematics. Finally, four retrospective essays from Weyl's last decade give his final thoughts on the interrelations among mathematics, philosophy, and physics, intertwined with reflections on the course of his rich life.

Physics and Philosophy

Physics and Philosophy
Author: Sir James H. Jeans
Publsiher: Courier Corporation
Total Pages: 244
Release: 2012-07-16
ISBN: 0486119173
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Physics and Philosophy Book Excerpt:

A noted scientist illuminates the intertwined paths of philosophy and science from Plato to the present, and examines the transition from Newtonian classical mechanics to modern relativistic physics.

Boris Hessen Physics and Philosophy in the Soviet Union 1927 1931

Boris Hessen  Physics and Philosophy in the Soviet Union  1927   1931
Author: Chris Talbot,Olga Pattison
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 169
Release: 2021-05-17
ISBN: 3030700453
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Boris Hessen Physics and Philosophy in the Soviet Union 1927 1931 Book Excerpt:

This book presents key works of Boris Hessen, outstanding Soviet philosopher of science, available here in English for the first time. Quality translations are accompanied by an editors' introduction and annotations. Boris Hessen is known in history of science circles for his “Social and Economic Roots of Newton’s Principia” presented in London (1931), which inspired new approaches in the West. As a philosopher and a physicist, he was tasked with developing a Marxist approach to science in the 1920s. He studied the history of physics to clarify issues such as reductionism and causality as they applied to new developments. With the philosophers called the “Dialecticians”, his debates with the opposing “Mechanists” on the issue of emergence are still worth studying and largely ignored in the many recent works on this subject. Taken as a whole, the book is a goldmine of insights into both the foundations of physics and Soviet history.

The Philosophy of Physics

The Philosophy of Physics
Author: Dean Rickles
Publsiher: Polity
Total Pages: 212
Release: 2016-07-05
ISBN: 9780745669816
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Philosophy of Physics Book Excerpt:

Does the future exist already? What is space? Are time machines physically possible? What is quantum mechanical reality like? Are there many universes? Is there a ‘true’ geometry of the universe? Why does there appear to be an arrow of time? Do humans play a special role in the world? In this unique introductory book, Dean Rickles guides the reader through these and other core questions that keep philosophers of physics up at night. He discusses the three pillars of modern physics (quantum mechanics, statistical mechanics, and the theories of relativity), in addition to more cutting-edge themes such as econophysics, quantum gravity, quantum computers, and gauge theories. The book’s approach is based on the idea that philosophy of physics is a kind of ‘interpretation game’ in which we try to map physical theories onto our world. But the rules of this game often lead to a multiplicity of possible victors: rarely do we encounter a simple answer. The Philosophy of Physics offers a highly accessible introduction to the latest developments in this exciting field. Written in a lively style, with many visual examples, it will appeal to beginner-level students in both physics and philosophy.