Philosophy of Psychology and Cognitive Science

Philosophy of Psychology and Cognitive Science
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 522
Release: 2006-10-23
ISBN: 9780080466620
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy of Psychology and Cognitive Science Book Excerpt:

Psychology is the study of thinking, and cognitive science is the interdisciplinary investigation of mind and intelligence that also includes philosophy, artificial intelligence, neuroscience, linguistics, and anthropology. In these investigations, many philosophical issues arise concerning methods and central concepts. The Handbook of Philosophy of Psychology and Cognitive Science contains 16 essays by leading philosophers of science that illuminate the nature of the theories and explanations used in the investigation of minds. Topics discussed include representation, mechanisms, reduction, perception, consciousness, language, emotions, neuroscience, and evolutionary psychology. Comprehensive coverage of philosophy of psychology and cognitive science Distinguished contributors: leading philosophers in this area Contributions closely tied to relevant scientific research

Readings in Philosophy and Cognitive Science

Readings in Philosophy and Cognitive Science
Author: Alvin I. Goldman
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 860
Release: 1993
ISBN: 9780262571005
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Readings in Philosophy and Cognitive Science Book Excerpt:

This collection of readings shows how cognitive science can influence most of the primary branches of philosophy, as well as how philosophy critically examines the foundations of cognitive science. Its broad coverage extends beyond current texts that focus mainly on the impact of cognitive science on philosophy of mind and philosophy of psychology, to include materials that are relevant to five other branches of philosophy: epistemology, philosophy of science (and mathematics), metaphysics, language, and ethics. The readings are organized by philosophical fields, with selections evenly divided between philosophers and cognitive scientists. They draw on research in numerous areas of cognitive science, including cognitive psychology, developmental psychology, social psychology, psychology of reasoning and judgment, artificial intelligence, linguistics, and neuropsychology. There are timely treatments of current topics and debates such as the innate understanding of number, children's theory of mind, self-knowledge, consciousness, connectionism, and ethics and cognitive science.

Representation in Cognitive Science

Representation in Cognitive Science
Author: Nicholas Shea
Publsiher: OUP Oxford
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2018-10-04
ISBN: 0198812884
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Representation in Cognitive Science Book Excerpt:

Our thoughts are meaningful. We think about things in the outside world; how can that be so? This is one of the deepest questions in contemporary philosophy. Ever since the 'cognitive revolution', states with meaning-mental representations-have been the key explanatory construct of the cognitive sciences. But there is still no widely accepted theory of how mental representations get their meaning. Powerful new methods in cognitive neuroscience can now reveal information processing in the brain in unprecedented detail. They show how the brain performs complex calculations on neural representations. Drawing on this cutting-edge research, Nicholas Shea uses a series of case studies from the cognitive sciences to develop a naturalistic account of the nature of mental representation. His approach is distinctive in focusing firmly on the 'subpersonal' representations that pervade so much of cognitive science. The diversity and depth of the case studies, illustrated by numerous figures, make this book unlike any previous treatment. It is important reading for philosophers of psychology and philosophers of mind, and of considerable interest to researchers throughout the cognitive sciences.

The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Psychology

The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Psychology
Author: John Symons,Sarah Robins,Paco Calvo
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 700
Release: 2009-09-11
ISBN: 1134155794
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Psychology Book Excerpt:

The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Psychology is an invaluable guide and major reference source to the major topics, problems, concepts and debates in philosophy of psychology and is the first companion of its kind. A team of renowned international contributors provide forty-two chapters organised into six clear parts: I. Historical background to the philosophy of psychology II. Psychological explanation III. Cognition and representation IV. The biological basis of psychology V. Perceptual experience VI. Personhood The Companion covers key topics such as the origins of experimental psychology; folk psychology; behaviorism and functionalism; philosophy, psychology and neuroscience; the language of thought, modularity, nativism and representational theories of mind; consciousness and the senses; personal identity; the philosophy of psychopathology and dreams, emotion and temporality. Essential reading for all students of philosophy of mind, science and psychology, The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Psychology will also be of interest to anyone studying psychology and its related disciplines.

Philosophy of Science

Philosophy of Science
Author: William Bechtel
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 152
Release: 2013-12-16
ISBN: 1317767470
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy of Science Book Excerpt:

This text focuses on two major issues: the nature of scientific inquiry and the relations between scientific disciplines. Designed to introduce the basic issues and concepts in the philosophy of science, Bechtel writes for an audience with little or no philosophical background. The first part of the book explores the legacy of Logical Positivism and the subsequent post-Positivistic developments in the philosophy of science. The second section examines arguments for and against using a model of theory reduction to integrate scientific disciplines. The book concludes with a chapter describing non-reductionist approaches for relating scientific disciplines using psycholinguistic and cognitive neuroscience models.

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Psychology

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Psychology
Author: Fred Adams,Daniel Weiskopf,Kenneth Aizawa
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 328
Release: 2015-01-15
ISBN: 0521519292
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Psychology Book Excerpt:

"Our topic here is psychology, the self-styled science of the mind. Psychology's aim is to explain mental phenomena by describing the underlying processes, systems, and mechanisms that give rise to them. These hidden causal levers underlie all of our mental feats, including our richest conscious perceptions, our most subtle chains of reasoning, and our widest-ranging plans and actions. While the phenomena of mind are intimately related to events occurring in the brain, these psychological explanations are, we will argue, distinct and autonomous from explanations in terms of neural processes and mechanisms. According to the view we present here, psychology and neuroscience are different enterprises. We certainly wouldn't claim that our ever-increasing understanding of how the brain works has nothing to say to psychology: on the contrary, they are complimentary, since neuroscience can provide invaluable input to psychological theorizing (and vice versa, a point that we think is not stressed often enough). But our task will be to give a thorough account of the scope, methods, content, and prospects for a distinctive science of our mental lives"--

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Psychology

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Psychology
Author: Daniel Weiskopf,Fred Adams
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2015-01-15
ISBN: 1316239535
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Psychology Book Excerpt:

Psychology aims to give us a scientific account of how the mind works. But what does it mean to have a science of the mental, and what sort of picture of the mind emerges from our best psychological theories? This book addresses these philosophical puzzles in a way that is accessible to readers with little or no background in psychology or neuroscience. Using clear and detailed case studies and drawing on up-to-date empirical research, it examines perception and action, the link between attention and consciousness, the modularity of mind, how we understand other minds, and the influence of language on thought, as well as the relationship between mind, brain, body, and world. The result is an integrated and comprehensive overview of much of the architecture of the mind, which will be valuable for both students and specialists in philosophy, psychology, and cognitive science.

Philosophical Foundations of the Cognitive Science of Religion

Philosophical Foundations of the Cognitive Science of Religion
Author: Robert N. McCauley
Publsiher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Total Pages: 184
Release: 2017-09-07
ISBN: 1350030325
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophical Foundations of the Cognitive Science of Religion Book Excerpt:

Robert N. McCauley and E. Thomas Lawson are considered the founders of the field of the cognitive science of religion. Since its inception over twenty years ago, the cognitive science of religion has raised questions about the philosophical foundations and implications of such a scientific approach. This volume from McCauley, including chapters co-authored by Lawson, is the first book-length project to focus on such questions, resulting in a compelling volume that addresses fundamental questions that any scholar of religion should ask. The essays collected in this volume are those that initially defined this scientific field for the study of religion. These essays deal with issues of methodology, reductionism, resistance to the scientific study of religion, and other criticisms that have been lodged against the cognitive science of religion. The new final chapter sees McCauley reflect on developments in this field since its founding. Tackling these debates head on and in one place for the first time, this volume belongs on the shelf of every researcher interested in this now established approach to the study of religion within a range of disciplines, including religious studies, philosophy, anthropology and the psychology of religion.

Philosophy of Mind

Philosophy of Mind
Author: William Bechtel
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 162
Release: 1988
ISBN: 9780805802184
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy of Mind Book Excerpt:

Specifically designed to make the philosophy of mind intelligible to those not trained in philosophy, this book provides a concise overview for students and researchers in the cognitive sciences. Emphasizing the relevance of philosophical work to investigations in other cognitive sciences, this unique text examines such issues as the meaning of language, the mind-body problem, the functionalist theories of cognition, and intentionality. As he explores the philosophical issues, Bechtel draws connections between philosophical views and theoretical and experimental work in such disciplines as cognitive psychology, artificial intelligence, linguistics, neuroscience, and anthropology.

The Extended Theory of Cognitive Creativity

The Extended Theory of Cognitive Creativity
Author: Antonino Pennisi,Alessandra Falzone
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 358
Release: 2019-09-25
ISBN: 3030220907
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Extended Theory of Cognitive Creativity Book Excerpt:

This edited volume focuses on the hypothesis that performativity is not a property confined to certain specific human skills, or to certain specific acts of language, nor an accidental enrichment due to creative intelligence. Instead, the executive and motor component of cognitive behavior should be considered an intrinsic part of the physiological functioning of the mind, and as endowed with self-generative power. Performativity, in this theoretical context, can be defined as a constituent component of cognitive processes. The material action allowing us to interact with reality is both the means by which the subject knows the surrounding world and one through which he experiments with the possibilities of his body. This proposal is rooted in models now widely accepted in the philosophy of mind and language; in fact, it focuses on a space of awareness that is not in the individual, or outside it, but is determined by the species-specific ways in which the body acts on the world. This theoretical hypothesis will be pursued through the latest interdisciplinary methodology typical of cognitive science, that coincide with the five sections in which the book is organized: Embodied, enactivist, philosophical approaches; Aesthetics approaches; Naturalistic and evolutionary approaches; Neuroscientific approaches; Linguistics approaches. This book is intended for: linguists, philosophers, psychologists, cognitive scientists, scholars of art and aesthetics, performing artists, researchers in embodied cognition, especially enactivists and students of the extended mind.

Consciousness in Philosophy and Cognitive Neuroscience

Consciousness in Philosophy and Cognitive Neuroscience
Author: Antti Revonsuo,Matti Kamppinen,International Symposium of Consciousness
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2015-05-07
ISBN: 9781138876446
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Consciousness in Philosophy and Cognitive Neuroscience Book Excerpt:

Consciousness seems to be an enigmatic phenomenon: it is difficult to imagine how our perceptions of the world and our inner thoughts, sensations and feelings could be related to the immensely complicated biological organ we call the brain. This volume presents the thoughts of some of the leading philosophers and cognitive scientists who have recently participated in the discussion of the status of consciousness in science. The focus of inquiry is the question: "Is it possible to incorporate consciousness into science?" Philosophers have suggested different alternatives -- some think that consciousness should be altogether eliminated from science because it is not a real phenomenon, others that consciousness is a real, higher-level physical or neurobiological phenomenon, and still others that consciousness is fundamentally mysterious and beyond the reach of science. At the same time, however, several models or theories of the role of conscious processing in the brain have been developed in the more empirical cognitive sciences. It has been suggested that non-conscious processes must be sharply separated from conscious ones, and that the necessity of this distinction is manifested in the curious behavior of certain brain-damaged patients. This book demonstrates the dialogue between philosophical and empirical points of view. The writers present alternative solutions to the brain-consciousness problem and they discuss how the unification of biological and psychological sciences could thus become feasible. Covering a large ground, this book shows how the philosophical and empirical problems are closely interconnected. From this interdisciplinary exploration emerges the conviction that consciousness can and should be a natural part of our scientific world view.

Philosophy of Psychology

Philosophy of Psychology
Author: José Luis Bermúdez
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 377
Release: 2005
ISBN: 9780415275941
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy of Psychology Book Excerpt:

Philosophy of Psychology is a well-structured introduction to the nature and mechanisms of cognition and behaviour from one of the leaders in the field.

Naturalizing Logico Mathematical Knowledge

Naturalizing Logico Mathematical Knowledge
Author: Sorin Bangu
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 306
Release: 2018-02-01
ISBN: 1351998447
Category: Mathematics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Naturalizing Logico Mathematical Knowledge Book Excerpt:

This book is meant as a part of the larger contemporary philosophical project of naturalizing logico-mathematical knowledge, and addresses the key question that motivates most of the work in this field: What is philosophically relevant about the nature of logico-mathematical knowledge in recent research in psychology and cognitive science? The question about this distinctive kind of knowledge is rooted in Plato’s dialogues, and virtually all major philosophers have expressed interest in it. The essays in this collection tackle this important philosophical query from the perspective of the modern sciences of cognition, namely cognitive psychology and neuroscience. Naturalizing Logico-Mathematical Knowledge contributes to consolidating a new, emerging direction in the philosophy of mathematics, which, while keeping the traditional concerns of this sub-discipline in sight, aims to engage with them in a scientifically-informed manner. A subsequent aim is to signal the philosophers’ willingness to enter into a fruitful dialogue with the community of cognitive scientists and psychologists by examining their methods and interpretive strategies.

The Human Person

The Human Person
Author: Thomas L. Spalding,James M. Stedman,Christina L. Gagné,Matthew Kostelecky
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 172
Release: 2019-12-13
ISBN: 3030339122
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Human Person Book Excerpt:

This book introduces the Aristotelian-Thomistic view of the human person to a contemporary audience, and reviews the ways in which this view could provide a philosophically sound foundation for modern psychology. The book presents the current state of psychology and offers critiques of the current philosophical foundations. In its presentation of the fundamental metaphysical commitments of the Aristotelian-Thomistic view, it places the human being within the broader understanding of the world. Chapters discuss the Aristotelian-Thomistic view of human and non-human cognition as well as the relationship between cognition and emotion. In addition, the book discusses the Aristotelian-Thomistic conception of human growth and development, including how the virtue theory relates to current psychological approaches to normal human development, the development of character problems that lead to psychopathology, current conceptions of positive psychology, and the place of the individual in the social world. The book ends with a summary of how Aristotelian-Thomistic theory relates to science in general and psychology in particular. The Human Person will be of interest to psychologists and cognitive scientists working within a number of subfields, including developmental psychology, social psychology, cognitive psychology, and clinical psychology, and to philosophers working on the philosophy of psychology, philosophy of mind, and the interaction between historical philosophy and contemporary science, as well as linguists and computer scientists interested in psychology of language and artificial intelligence.

French Studies in the Philosophy of Science

French Studies in the Philosophy of Science
Author: Anastasios Brenner,Jean Gayon
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 375
Release: 2009-04-14
ISBN: 1402093683
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

French Studies in the Philosophy of Science Book Excerpt:

Having examined previous volumes of the Boston Studies series devoted to different countries, and having discussed the best way to present contemporary research in France, we have arrived at a careful selection of 15 participants, including the organizers. Our aim is to bring together philosophers and practicing scientist from the major institutions of the country, both universities and research centers. The areas of research represented here cover a wide spectrum of sciences, from mathematics and physics to the life sciences, as well as linguistics and economics. This selection is a showcase of French philosophy of science, illustrating the different methods employed: logico-linguistic analysis, rational reconstruction and historical inquiry. These participants have the ability to relate their research both to the French tradition and current discussions on the international scene. Also included is a substantial historical introduction, explaining the development of philosophy of science in France, the various schools of thought and methods as well as the major concepts and their significance.

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Psychology

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Psychology
Author: Daniel A. Weiskopf,Frederick Adams
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 332
Release: 2015
ISBN: 9781316233863
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Psychology Book Excerpt:

Psychology aims to give us a scientific account of how the mind works. But what does it mean to have a science of the mental, and what sort of picture of the mind emerges from our best psychological theories? This book addresses these philosophical puzzles in a way that is accessible to readers with little or no background in psychology or neuroscience. Using clear and detailed case studies and drawing on up-to-date empirical research, it examines perception and action, the link between attention and consciousness, the modularity of mind, how we understand other minds, and the influence of language on thought, as well as the relationship between mind, brain, body, and world. The result is an integrated and comprehensive overview of much of the architecture of the mind, which will be valuable for both students and specialists in philosophy, psychology, and cognitive science.

The Philosophy of Science

The Philosophy of Science
Author: Sahotra Sarkar,Jessica Pfeifer
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 965
Release: 2006
ISBN: 0415939275
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Philosophy of Science Book Excerpt:

The first in-depth reference in the field that combines scientific knowledge with philosophical inquiry, The Philosophy of Science: An Encyclopedia is a two-volume set that brings together an international team of leading scholars to provide over 130 entries on the essential concepts in the philosophy of science. The areas covered include: biology chemistry epistemology and metaphysics physics psychology and mind the social sciences key figures in the combined studies of science and philosophy. The essays represent the most up-to-date philosophical thinking on timeless scientific topics such as: determinism, explanation, laws of nature, perception, individuality, time, and economics as well as timely topics like adaptation, conservation biology, quantum logic, consciousness, evolutionary psychology, and game theory.

Current Controversies in Philosophy of Cognitive Science

Current Controversies in Philosophy of Cognitive Science
Author: Adam J. Lerner,Simon Cullen,Sarah-Jane Leslie
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 194
Release: 2020-05-25
ISBN: 1000063127
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Current Controversies in Philosophy of Cognitive Science Book Excerpt:

Cognitive science is the study of minds and mental processes. Psychology, neuroscience, computer science, and philosophy, among other subdisciplines, contribute to this study. In this volume, leading researchers debate five core questions in the philosophy of cognitive science: Is an innate Universal Grammar required to explain our linguistic capacities? Are concepts innate or learned? What role do our bodies play in cognition? Can neuroscience help us understand the mind? Can cognitive science help us understand human morality? For each topic, the volume provides two essays, each advocating for an opposing approach. The editors provide study questions and suggested readings for each topic, helping to make the volume accessible to readers who are new to the debates.

A Critical History and Philosophy of Psychology

A Critical History and Philosophy of Psychology
Author: Richard T. G. Walsh,Thomas Teo,Angelina Baydala
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2014-03-20
ISBN: 1107782694
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Critical History and Philosophy of Psychology Book Excerpt:

In line with the British Psychological Society's recent recommendations for teaching the history of psychology, this comprehensive undergraduate textbook emphasizes the philosophical, cultural and social elements that influenced psychology's development. The authors demonstrate that psychology is both a human (i.e. psychoanalytic or phenomenological) and natural (i.e. cognitive) science, exploring broad social-historical and philosophical themes such as the role of diverse cultures and women in psychology, and the complex relationship between objectivity and subjectivity in the development of psychological knowledge. The result is a fresh and balanced perspective on what has traditionally been viewed as the collected achievements of a few 'great men'. With a variety of learning features, including case studies, study questions, thought experiments and a glossary, this new textbook encourages students to critically engage with chapter material and analyze themes and topics within a social, historical and philosophical framework.

Natural Philosophy

Natural Philosophy
Author: Paul Thagard
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2019-01-31
ISBN: 0190686448
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Natural Philosophy Book Excerpt:

Paul Thagard uses new accounts of brain mechanisms and social interactions to forge theories of mind, knowledge, reality, morality, justice, meaning, and the arts. Natural Philosophy brings new methods for analyzing concepts, understanding values, and achieving coherence. It shows how to unify the humanities with the cognitive and social sciences. How can people know what is real and strive to make the world better? Philosophy is the attempt to answer general questions about the nature of knowledge, reality, and values. Natural Philosophy pursues these questions by drawing heavily on the sciences and finds no room for supernatural entities such as souls, gods, and possible worlds. It provides original accounts of the traditional branches of philosophy, including epistemology, metaphysics, ethics, and aesthetics. Rather than reducing the humanities to the sciences, this book displays fertile interconnections that show that philosophical questions and artistic practices can be much better understood by considering how human brains operate and interact in social contexts. The sciences and the humanities are interdependent, because both the natural and social sciences cannot avoid questions about methods and values that are primarily the province of philosophy. This book belongs to a trio that includes Brain-Mind: From Neurons to Consciousness and Creativity and Mind-Society: From Brains to Social Sciences and Professions. They can be read independently, but together they make up a Treatise on Mind and Society that provides a unified and comprehensive treatment of the cognitive sciences, social sciences, professions, and humanities.