Description : From its very inception the Soviet state valued the merits and benefits of physical culture, which included not only sport but also health, hygiene, education, labour and defence. Physical culture propaganda was directed at the Soviet population, and even more particularly at young people, women and peasants, with the aim of transforming them into ideal citizens. By using physical culture and sport to assess social, cultural and political developments within the Soviet Union, this book provides a new addition to the historiography of the 1920s and 1930s as well as to general sports history studies.
Description : Sport played a vital role within the social and cultural life of the former Soviet Union. From its very foundation to its final demise the Soviet state sponsored countless programmes promoting a whole gamut of sporting activities, and even generated a new term, fizkultura, derived from the Russian word for physical culture. The popular image of fizkultura, however, was as dependent upon its presentation in the cultural arena as it was upon its actual practice. Soviet sportsmen and women made frequent appearance in literature, film and popular song; on stamps, plates and teapots; and on the badges and medals of various societies. Further, sport became a central feature in the pageantry of the Soviet parade. Public exhibitions and popular journals were crowded with photographs, paintings and prints representing youthful Soviet sportsmen and women, whilst sculptural monuments to the Soviet passion for sport adorned sports centres and public parks. Several major artists even forged entire careers based upon representations of sport. Sport in the USSRlooks at physical culture within a wide range of Soviet cultural practices, paying special attention to visual culture. In particular it explores the role that physical culture played in the formulation of the Soviet New Person. Here, visual culture was deployed not only to promote the existence of this notional new being, but also to articulate the very process of transformation that brought him or her into existence. Images of sportsmen and women were also widely produced to conflate the leisurely nature of sports practice with the civic duty of voluntary labour, especially during the industrialization drives, and the military defence of the nation. Also examined are such issues as sports spectatorship and participation; the development of the sports parade; the role of fizkultura during military conflict; the deployment of fizkultura as a weapon during the Cold War; and the collapse of the Soviet sports machine.
Description : This book examines the evolution of sport in Russia from its association with health and hygiene to its post-war purpose of raising Soviet prestige abroad.
Description : The architects of the Soviet Union intended not merely to remake their society—they also had an ambitious plan to remake the citizenry physically, with the goal of perfecting the socialist ideal of man. As Euphoria and Exhaustion shows, the Soviet leadership used sport as one of the primary arenas in which to deploy and test their efforts to mechanize and perfect the human body, drawing on knowledge from physiology, biology, medicine, and hygiene. At the same time, however, such efforts, like any form of social control, could easily lead to discontent—and thus, the editors show, a study of changes in public attitude towards sport can offer insight into overall levels of integration, dissatisfaction, and social exhaustion in the Soviet Union.
Description : This book presents a panoramic picture of life and culture in Soviet Union and also offers a brief outline to countryâ€™s geography, history, present social and state structure, economic developments and achievements in Science and Technology. The importance of October Revolution and the great literary and cultural heritage of the Soviet people has been given due reflection. The other distinguishing feature of the book is a special study of the Golden Age of Russian Culture of XIX Century. It is expected the book will go a long way to meet the growing urge of the Indian people to know more about Soviet Union. Moreover, this book will enable the students of Russian language to have a fairly good background of the great country, the language of which they are learning.