Physical Geodesy

Physical Geodesy
Author: Bernhard Hofmann-Wellenhof,Helmut Moritz
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 403
Release: 2006-10-10
ISBN: 3211335455
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Physical Geodesy Book Excerpt:

"Physical Geodesy", published in 1967, has for many years been considered as the standard introduction to its field. The enormous progress since then has required a complete reworking. While basic material has been retained other parts are completely updated. However, there is a seamless welding of new ideas and methods (GPS, satellites, collocation). Highlights include: emphasis on global integration of geometry and gravity, a simplified approach to Molodensky's theory without integral equations, and a general combination of all geodetic data by least-squares collocation. In the second edition minor mistakes have been corrected.

Geomatic Methods for the Analysis of Data in the Earth Sciences

Geomatic Methods for the Analysis of Data in the Earth Sciences
Author: Athanasios Dermanis,Armin Grün,Fernando Sansò
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 260
Release: 2008-01-26
ISBN: 3540455973
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Geomatic Methods for the Analysis of Data in the Earth Sciences Book Excerpt:

Geomatics is an amalgam of methods, algorithms and practices in handling data referred to the Earth by informatic tools. This book is an attempt to identify and rationally organize the statistical-mathematical methods which are common in many fields where geomatics is applied, like geodesy, geophysics and, in particular, the field of inverse problems and image analysis as it enters into photogrammetry and remote sensing. These lecture notes aim at creating a bridge between people working in different disciplines and making them aware of a common methodological basis.

Satellite Altimetry for Geodesy Geophysics and Oceanography

Satellite Altimetry for Geodesy  Geophysics and Oceanography
Author: Cheinway Hwang,C.K. Shum,Jiancheng Li
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 3642188613
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Satellite Altimetry for Geodesy Geophysics and Oceanography Book Excerpt:

This volume covers a broad range of altimetry applications, including marine gravity and geoid, sea level change, ocean tide modeling, ocean circulations, marine plate tectonics, mesoscale eddies and bathymetry predictions. Virtually all disciplines of earth sciences are touched upon through the technique of satellite altimetry. Readers will find useful data processing techniques and novel applications of satellite altimetry, which otherwise are scattered in journals and special books.

GNSS Global Navigation Satellite Systems

GNSS     Global Navigation Satellite Systems
Author: Bernhard Hofmann-Wellenhof,Herbert Lichtenegger,Elmar Wasle
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 518
Release: 2007-11-20
ISBN: 3211730176
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

GNSS Global Navigation Satellite Systems Book Excerpt:

This book extends the scientific bestseller "GPS - Theory and Practice" to cover Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) and includes the Russian GLONASS, the European system Galileo, and additional systems. The book refers to GNSS in the generic sense to describe the various existing reference systems for coordinates and time, the satellite orbits, the satellite signals, observables, mathematical models for positioning, data processing, and data transformation. This book is a university-level introductory textbook and is intended to serve as a reference for students as well as for professionals and scientists in the fields of geodesy, surveying engineering, navigation, and related disciplines.

The 3 D Global Spatial Data Model

The 3 D Global Spatial Data Model
Author: Earl F. Burkholder
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 492
Release: 2017-07-28
ISBN: 1498722172
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The 3 D Global Spatial Data Model Book Excerpt:

Traditional methods for handling spatial data are encumbered by the assumption of separate origins for horizontal and vertical measurements, but modern measurement systems operate in a 3-D spatial environment. The 3-D Global Spatial Data Model: Principles and Applications, Second Edition maintains a new model for handling digital spatial data, the global spatial data model or GSDM. The GSDM preserves the integrity of three-dimensional spatial data while also providing additional benefits such as simpler equations, worldwide standardization, and the ability to track spatial data accuracy with greater specificity and convenience. This second edition expands to new topics that satisfy a growing need in the GIS, professional surveyor, machine control, and Big Data communities while continuing to embrace the earth center fixed coordinate system as the fundamental point of origin of one, two, and three-dimensional data sets. Ideal for both beginner and advanced levels, this book also provides guidance and insight on how to link to the data collected and stored in legacy systems.

The Encyclopedia of Physics

The Encyclopedia of Physics
Author: Robert Besancon
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 1378
Release: 2013-11-11
ISBN: 1461569028
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Encyclopedia of Physics Book Excerpt:

Handbook of Mathematical Geodesy

Handbook of Mathematical Geodesy
Author: Willi Freeden,M. Zuhair Nashed
Publsiher: Birkhäuser
Total Pages: 932
Release: 2018-06-11
ISBN: 3319571818
Category: Mathematics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Mathematical Geodesy Book Excerpt:

Written by leading experts, this book provides a clear and comprehensive survey of the “status quo” of the interrelating process and cross-fertilization of structures and methods in mathematical geodesy. Starting with a foundation of functional analysis, potential theory, constructive approximation, special function theory, and inverse problems, readers are subsequently introduced to today’s least squares approximation, spherical harmonics reflected spline and wavelet concepts, boundary value problems, Runge-Walsh framework, geodetic observables, geoidal modeling, ill-posed problems and regularizations, inverse gravimetry, and satellite gravity gradiometry. All chapters are self-contained and can be studied individually, making the book an ideal resource for both graduate students and active researchers who want to acquaint themselves with the mathematical aspects of modern geodesy.

Lunar Gravimetry

Lunar Gravimetry
Author: Rune Floberghagen
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2012-08-27
ISBN: 9048195527
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Lunar Gravimetry Book Excerpt:

Lunar Gravimetry: Revealing the Far-Side provides a thorough and detailed discussion of lunar gravity field research and applications, from the initial efforts of the pre-Apollo and Luna eras to the dedicated gravity mapping experiments of the third millennium. Analysis of the spatial variations of the gravity field of the Moon is a key selenodetic element in the understanding of the physics of the Moon's interior. Remarkably, more than forty years after the initial steps in lunar exploration by spacecraft, the global gravity field still remains largely unknown, due to the limitations of standard observations techniques. As such, knowledge of the high-accuracy and high-resolution gravity field is one of the remaining unsolved issues in lunar science.

Automatic Flight Control Systems

Automatic Flight Control Systems
Author: Thomas Lombaerts
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 216
Release: 2012-01-18
ISBN: 9533078162
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Automatic Flight Control Systems Book Excerpt:

The history of flight control is inseparably linked to the history of aviation itself. Since the early days, the concept of automatic flight control systems has evolved from mechanical control systems to highly advanced automatic fly-by-wire flight control systems which can be found nowadays in military jets and civil airliners. Even today, many research efforts are made for the further development of these flight control systems in various aspects. Recent new developments in this field focus on a wealth of different aspects. This book focuses on a selection of key research areas, such as inertial navigation, control of unmanned aircraft and helicopters, trajectory control of an unmanned space re-entry vehicle, aeroservoelastic control, adaptive flight control, and fault tolerant flight control. This book consists of two major sections. The first section focuses on a literature review and some recent theoretical developments in flight control systems. The second section discusses some concepts of adaptive and fault-tolerant flight control systems. Each technique discussed in this book is illustrated by a relevant example.

Algebraic Geodesy and Geoinformatics

Algebraic Geodesy and Geoinformatics
Author: Joseph L. Awange,Erik W. Grafarend,Béla Paláncz,Piroska Zaletnyik
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 377
Release: 2010-05-27
ISBN: 3642121241
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Algebraic Geodesy and Geoinformatics Book Excerpt:

While preparing and teaching ‘Introduction to Geodesy I and II’ to undergraduate students at Stuttgart University, we noticed a gap which motivated the writing of the present book: Almost every topic that we taught required some skills in algebra, and in particular, computer algebra! From positioning to transformation problems inherent in geodesy and geoinformatics, knowledge of algebra and application of computer algebra software were required. In preparing this book therefore, we have attempted to put together basic concepts of abstract algebra which underpin the techniques for solving algebraic problems. Algebraic computational algorithms useful for solving problems which require exact solutions to nonlinear systems of equations are presented and tested on various problems. Though the present book focuses mainly on the two ?elds, the concepts and techniques presented herein are nonetheless applicable to other ?elds where algebraic computational problems might be encountered. In Engineering for example, network densi?cation and robotics apply resection and intersection techniques which require algebraic solutions. Solution of nonlinear systems of equations is an indispensable task in almost all geosciences such as geodesy, geoinformatics, geophysics (just to mention but a few) as well as robotics. These equations which require exact solutions underpin the operations of ranging, resection, intersection and other techniques that are normally used. Examples of problems that require exact solutions include; • three-dimensional resection problem for determining positions and orientation of sensors, e. g. , camera, theodolites, robots, scanners etc.

Global Navigation Satellite Systems

Global Navigation Satellite Systems
Author: Shuanggen Jin
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 440
Release: 2012-02-03
ISBN: 953307843X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Global Navigation Satellite Systems Book Excerpt:

Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) plays a key role in high precision navigation, positioning, timing, and scientific questions related to precise positioning. This is a highly precise, continuous, all-weather, and real-time technique. The book is devoted to presenting recent results and developments in GNSS theory, system, signal, receiver, method, and errors sources, such as multipath effects and atmospheric delays. Furthermore, varied GNSS applications are demonstrated and evaluated in hybrid positioning, multi-sensor integration, height system, Network Real Time Kinematic (NRTK), wheeled robots, and status and engineering surveying. This book provides a good reference for GNSS designers, engineers, and scientists, as well as the user market.

Geodesy the Challenge of the 3rd Millennium

Geodesy   the Challenge of the 3rd Millennium
Author: Erik Grafarend,Friedrich W. Krumm,Volker S. Schwarze
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 474
Release: 2013-12-11
ISBN: 3662052962
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Geodesy the Challenge of the 3rd Millennium Book Excerpt:

Geodesy as the science which determines the figure of the earth, its orientation in space and its gravity field as well as its temporal changes, produces key elements in describing the kinematics and the dynamics of the deformable body "earth". It contributes in particular to geodynamics and opens the door to decode the complex interactions between components of "the system earth". In the breathtaking development recently a whole arsenal of new terrestrial, airborne as well as satelliteborne measurement techniques for earth sciences have been made available and have broadened the spectrum of measurable earth parameters with an unforeseen accuracy and precision, in particular to resolve the factor time. The book focusses on these topics and gives a state of the art of modern geodesy.

SMART PARKING IN FAST GROWING CITIES

SMART PARKING IN FAST GROWING CITIES
Author: Stephan Winter,Salil Goel
Publsiher: TU Wien Academic Press
Total Pages: 217
Release: 2021-07-14
ISBN: 3854480458
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

SMART PARKING IN FAST GROWING CITIES Book Excerpt:

Parking is a challenge for cities everywhere, but especially for cities in low- and middle-income countries. There, cities are experiencing rapid urbanization and increasing motorization, while investment capacity for parking infrastructure is limited, and despite the availability of free on-street parking, it is not used in an efficient and coordinated way. This book is meant to act as a resource for those managing urban parking challenges, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. This openAccess book can provide immediate guidance to city authorities, engineering firms, and urban planners worldwide and help develop data-driven solutions for smarter cities. The first part of this book portrays geospatial technologies in the context of urban mobility in smart cities. The second part focuses on implementing those technologies in parking management in low and middle-income countries.

V Hotine Marussi Symposium on Mathematical Geodesy

V Hotine Marussi Symposium on Mathematical Geodesy
Author: Fernando Sansò
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 348
Release: 2013-03-09
ISBN: 366210735X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

V Hotine Marussi Symposium on Mathematical Geodesy Book Excerpt:

Just as in the era of great achievements by scientists such as Newton and Gauss, the mathematical theory of geodesy is continuing the tradition of producing exciting theoretical results, but today the advances are due to the great technological push in the era of satellites for earth observations and large computers for calculations. Every four years a symposium on methodological matters documents this ongoing development in many related underlying areas such as estimation theory, stochastic modelling, inverse problems, and satellite-positioning global-reference systems. This book presents developments in geodesy and related sciences, including applied mathematics, among which are many new results of high intellectual value to help readers stay on top of the latest happenings in the field.

Preview

Preview
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2008
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Prospecting
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Preview Book Excerpt:

Monterey Bay Geoid

Monterey Bay Geoid
Author: Joseph H. Boener
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 141
Release: 1994
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Earth (Planet)
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Monterey Bay Geoid Book Excerpt:

A high resolution local geoid was calculated for the Monterey Bay, CA using local gravimetry data, digital elevation data and The Ohio State University OSU91A global geopotential model. The theoretical accuracy of the calculated local geoid is 3.5 cm or better over 5 km. Local gravity data came from three sources: 1,549 land observations from the Defense Mapping Agency, 179 bottom gravity observations from two Naval Postgraduate School gravity surveys of Monterey Bay and 17,098 National Geodetic Survey land and ship gravity observations from the National Geophysical Data Center's Gravity CD-ROM. Digital terrain elevation data came from the Rocky Mountain Communication Inc. 3 Arc Second Digital Terrain Elevation CD-ROM. A GPS sea surface topography experiment conducted in October, 1993, had indicated an anomalous sea slope across the bay from Santa Cruz, California to Monterey, California. Comparisons between the calculated local geoid and the regional geoid for The United States, the National Geodetic Survey's GEOID93 indicated a possible explanation for the anomalous sea slope being a local slope in the geoid. Geoid, Monterey Bay, Sea surface.

The Civil Engineering Handbook

The Civil Engineering Handbook
Author: W.F. Chen,J.Y. Richard Liew
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 2904
Release: 2002-08-29
ISBN: 1420041215
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Civil Engineering Handbook Book Excerpt:

First published in 1995, the award-winning Civil Engineering Handbook soon became known as the field's definitive reference. To retain its standing as a complete, authoritative resource, the editors have incorporated into this edition the many changes in techniques, tools, and materials that over the last seven years have found their way into civil engineering research and practice. The Civil Engineering Handbook, Second Edition is more comprehensive than ever. You'll find new, updated, and expanded coverage in every section. In fact, more than 1/3 of the handbook is new or substantially revised. In particular you'll find increased focus on computing reflecting the rapid advances in computer technology that has revolutionized many aspects of civil engineering. You'll use it as a survey of the field, you'll use it to explore a particular subject, but most of all you'll use The Civil Engineering Handbook to answer the problems, questions, and conundrums you encounter in practice.

Contributions to Geophysics Geodesy

Contributions to Geophysics   Geodesy
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2008
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Geodesy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Contributions to Geophysics Geodesy Book Excerpt:

Gravity Geoid and Marine Geodesy

Gravity  Geoid and Marine Geodesy
Author: Jiro Segawa,Hiromi Fujimoto,Shuhei Okubo
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 747
Release: 2013-06-29
ISBN: 3662034824
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Gravity Geoid and Marine Geodesy Book Excerpt:

Based on an international symposium held in Tokyo, the volume combines papers in the fields of gravity, geoid and marine geodesy. Special emphasis is placed on the use of gravity in modeling tectonic processes and the problems of geophysical inversion. In addition, absolute and relative gravity measurement in static and airborne mode, satellite altimetry, geopotential modeling, and global geodynamics are dealt with. The field of marine geodesy includes contributions on sea level change, seafloor deformation and mapping, sea surface positioning, electronic charting, and datum transformations.

Vertical Reference Systems

Vertical Reference Systems
Author: Hermann Drewes,Alan H. Dodson,Luiz P.S. Fortes,Laura Sanchez,Pedro Sandoval
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 355
Release: 2013-06-29
ISBN: 3662046830
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Vertical Reference Systems Book Excerpt:

The Symposium on Vertical Reference Systems (VeReS) was initiated on the occasion of the XXII General Assembly of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (IUGG), Birmingham 1999, by Professor Dr. Wolfgang Torge, Past President of the International Association of Geodesy (lAG) and representative of lAG to the Pan-American Institute of Geography and History (PAIGH). The idea was to organise another joint symposium of lAG and PAIGH like the previous one held during the XX IUGG General Assembly at Vienna, Austria, in 1991. Good reasons for such a joint symposium were the great success and the ongoing activities of the Project on the South American Geocentric Reference System (Sistema de Referencia Geocentrico para America del Sur, SIRGAS) being sponsored by lAG and PAIGH since 1993. The SIR GAS Project (Working Group I) had presented a continental South American reference frame of 58 stations during the lAG Scientific Assembly at Rio de Janeiro, in 1997. This reference frame was already adopted by several South American countries as the basis for their new national horizontal geodetic datums (SIRGAS Working Group II). To overcome the problems of the heterogeneous vertical (height) datums between the individual countries, SIRGAS had installed its Working Group III "Vertical Datum" in 1997. As the discussion on the unification of vertical reference systems is also going on in lAG and other bodies of science and practice, it was decided to dedicate the symposium to this topic.