Physical Properties of Textile Fibres

Physical Properties of Textile Fibres
Author: J. W. S. Hearle,W E Morton
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 796
Release: 2008-10-10
ISBN: 1845694422
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Physical Properties of Textile Fibres Book Excerpt:

First published in 1962, and now in its fourth edition, Physical properties of textile fibres has become a classic, providing the standard reference on key aspects of fibre performance. The new edition has been substantially reorganised and revised to reflect new research. After introductory chapters on fibre structure, testing and sampling, the book reviews key fibre properties, their technical significance, factors affecting these properties and measurement issues. Each chapter covers both natural and synthetic fibres, including high-performance fibres. The book first reviews properties such as fineness, length and density. It then considers thermal properties and reaction to moisture. A further group of chapters then reviews tensile properties, thermo-mechanical responses, fibre breakage and fatigue. Finally, the book discusses dielectric properties, electrical resistance and static, optical properties and fibre friction. Written by one of the world’s leading authorities, the fourth edition of Physical properties of textile fibres consolidates its reputation as a standard work both for those working in the textile industry and those teaching and studying textile science. A standard reference on key aspects of fibre performance An essential read and reference for textile technologists, fibre scientists, textile engineers and those in academia Provides substantial updated material on fibre structure and new test methods, data and theories regarding properties of textile fibres

Physical Properties of Textile Fibres

Physical Properties of Textile Fibres
Author: William Ernest Morton,J. W. S. Hearle
Publsiher: Halsted Press
Total Pages: 660
Release: 1975-01-01
ISBN: 9780470618509
Category: Textile fibers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Physical Properties of Textile Fibres Book Excerpt:

Chemistry of the Textiles Industry

Chemistry of the Textiles Industry
Author: C. Carr
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 392
Release: 1995-05-31
ISBN: 9780751400540
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chemistry of the Textiles Industry Book Excerpt:

The manufacture and processing of textiles is a complex and essential industry requiring many diverse skills to ensure profitability. New products are continually being developed, and reflect the energy and innovation of those working in the field. This book focuses on the technological aspects of the chemical processing oftextiles, and on the modifications necessary for specific work environments. Coverage ranges from fibre structure and its relationship to tensile properties, textile aesthetics, comfort physiology, and end-use performance, through to the effect of domestic processing by the consumer on the textile product. The industry is constantly under environmental pressure, and the book examines the nature of environmental control and the development of alternative technology to produce less environmental impact. In order to provide a balanced view of the current situation, authors have been drawn from academia, research institutes and industry to produce a text that will be useful to both industrial readers and university students. In conclusion I would like to thank the authors for their dedication and their contributions.

Physical Properties of Textile Fibres

Physical Properties of Textile Fibres
Author: William Ernest Morton,J. W. S. Hearle,Textile Institute
Publsiher: Technomic Publishing Company
Total Pages: 768
Release: 1993
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Physical Properties of Textile Fibres Book Excerpt:

Encyclopedic in scope, this is the foremost guide and reference to the structure and physical properties of textile fibers. It covers in detail all physical properties relevant to natural and synthetic textile fibers. A 73-page foundation chapter provides a thorough introduction to fiber structure, followed by separate chapters on each of 25 physical properties. Each of these chapters provides a detailed examination of basis in theory, practical considerations in applications, experimental techniques and findings. Two chapters added to this third edition cover high performance fibers, and flex fatigue and other forms of failure The 738-page text is illustrated by more than 500 photographs, micrographs, diagrams and other schematics. The text is supplemented by more than 100 tables and graphs providing properties and performance data in convenient form.

Fiber Fracture

Fiber Fracture
Author: M. Elices,J. Llorca
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 418
Release: 2002-11-15
ISBN: 9780080441047
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fiber Fracture Book Excerpt:

The idea for this book came out of the EURESCO Conference on High Performance Fibers: Euroconference on Fiber Fracture in 2000. Many of the books that are currently available look at different aspects of fiber processing, properties, or applications, but none are focussed on the fracture behaviour of fibers. This book presents the mechancisms and models of fiber fracture currently available for both natural and synthetic fibers, and it is expected that increasingly there will be cross fertilization between the fields, opening new frontiers in academic research and more competitive products for industry. It covers the following areas of fiber fracture: ceramic fibers; glass fibers; carbon filters; metallic fibers and thin wires; polymeric fibers; and carbon nanotubes.

Fibres to Smart Textiles

Fibres to Smart Textiles
Author: Asis Patnaik,Sweta Patnaik
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 390
Release: 2019-08-08
ISBN: 042982193X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fibres to Smart Textiles Book Excerpt:

Fibres to Smart Textiles: Advances in Manufacturing, Technologies, and Applications offers comprehensive coverage of the fundamentals and advances in the textile and clothing manufacturing sectors. It describes the basics of fibres, yarns, and fabrics and their end use in the latest developments and applications in the field and addresses environmental impacts from textile processes and how to minimize them. This book serves as a single comprehensive source discussing textile fibres, yarn formation, filament formation techniques, woven fabric formation, knitting technologies, nonwoven manufacturing technologies, braiding technologies, and dyeing, printing, and finishing processes. Testing of textile materials, environmental impacts of textile processes and use of CAD and CAM in designing textile products are also included. The book also discusses applications including textile composites and biocomposites, technical textiles, smart textiles, and nanotextiles. With chapters authored by textile experts, this practical book offers guidance to professionals in textile and clothing manufacturing and shows how to avoid potential pitfalls in product development.

Synthetic Fibres

Synthetic Fibres
Author: J E McIntyre
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 308
Release: 2004-10-29
ISBN: 1845690427
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Synthetic Fibres Book Excerpt:

Synthetic fibres account for about half of all fibre usage, with applications in every field of fibre and textile technology. Although many classes of fibre based on synthetic polymers have been evaluated as potentially valuable commercial products, four of them - nylon, polyester, acrylic and polyolefin - dominate the market. These four account for approximately 98% by volume of synthetic fibre production, with polyester alone accounting for around 60%. Synthetic fibres: nylon, polyester, acrylic, polyolefin provides a brief history of the early evaluations that led to this situation, then looks in detail at the development and present status of each class in four substantial chapters. Synthesis of chemical intermediates, polymerisation methods, fibre spinning and orientation technology, texturing techniques, production of microfibres, and chemical variants, e.g. for modified dyeability, are considered in detail. This comprehensive and accessible book will appeal to textile technologists in industrial and academic research, chemical and synthetic fibre suppliers, and yarn and fabric manufacturers. Comprehensive overview of four major fibres

Introduction to Textile Fibres

Introduction to Textile Fibres
Author: H. V. Sreenivasa Murthy
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 236
Release: 2018-10-08
ISBN: 1315359332
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introduction to Textile Fibres Book Excerpt:

Introduction to Textile Fibres provides necessary information for beginners. In many textile institutions, this book was widely referred by students and staff for teaching diploma and degree courses. In 1989, the book won the coveted "Best Technical Book in Textile" – Century Mills Award through Textile Association (India). This revised edition of the book offers new topics and updated statistical figures.

The Textile Fibres

The Textile Fibres
Author: Joseph Merritt Matthews
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 324
Release: 1904
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Fibers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Textile Fibres Book Excerpt:

Textiles and Fashion

Textiles and Fashion
Author: Rose Sinclair
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 894
Release: 2014-11-08
ISBN: 0857095617
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Textiles and Fashion Book Excerpt:

This major textbook is designed for students studying textiles and fashion at higher and undergraduate level, as well as those needing a comprehensive and authoritative overview of textile materials and processes. The first part of the book reviews the main types of natural and synthetic fibres and their properties. Part two provides a systematic review of the key processes involved first in converting fibres into yarns and then transforming yarns into fabrics. Part three discusses the range of range of finishing techniques for fabrics. The final part of the book looks specifically at the transformation of fabric into apparel, from design and manufacture to marketing. With contributions from leading experts in their fields, this major book provides the definitive one-volume guide to textile manufacture. Provides comprehensive coverage of the types and properties of textile fibres to yarn and fabric manufacture, fabric finishing, apparel production and fashion Focused on the needs of college and undergraduate students studying textiles or fashion courses Each chapter ends with a summary to emphasise key points, a comprehensive self-review section, and project ideas are also provided

The Chemistry of Textile Fibres 2nd Edition

The Chemistry of Textile Fibres  2nd Edition
Author: Robert R. Maher,Roger H. Wardman
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 466
Release: 2015-06-17
ISBN: 1782620230
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Chemistry of Textile Fibres 2nd Edition Book Excerpt:

Textiles are ubiquitous materials that many of us take for granted in our everyday lives. We rely on our clothes to protect us from the environment and use them to enhance our appearance. Textiles also find applications in transport, healthcare, construction, and many other industries. The revised and updated 2nd Edition of The Chemistry of Textile Fibres highlights the trend towards the synthesis, from renewable resources, of monomers for making synthetic fibres. It contains new information on the influence of legislation and the concerns of environmental organisations on the use of chemicals in the textile industry. New sections on genetically modified cotton, anti-microbial materials and spider silk have been added as well as a new chapter covering functional fibres and fabrics. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the various types of textile fibres that are available today, ranging from natural fibres to the high-performance fibres that are very technologically advanced. Readers will gain an appreciation of why particular types of fibre are used for certain applications through understanding the chemistry behind their properties. Students following ‘A’ level courses or equivalent and first-year undergraduate students reading textile technology subjects at university will find this book a valuable source of information.

Physico chemical Aspects of Textile Coloration

Physico chemical Aspects of Textile Coloration
Author: Stephen M. Burkinshaw
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 642
Release: 2016-02-08
ISBN: 1118725697
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Physico chemical Aspects of Textile Coloration Book Excerpt:

The production of textile materials comprises a very large and complex global industry that utilises a diverse range of fibre types and creates a variety of textile products. As the great majority of such products are coloured, predominantly using aqueous dyeing processes, the coloration of textiles is a large-scale global business in which complex procedures are used to apply different types of dye to the various types of textile material. The development of such dyeing processes is the result of substantial research activity, undertaken over many decades, into the physico-chemical aspects of dye adsorption and the establishment of ‘dyeing theory’, which seeks to describe the mechanism by which dyes interact with textile fibres. Physico-Chemical Aspects of Textile Coloration provides a comprehensive treatment of the physical chemistry involved in the dyeing of the major types of natural, man-made and synthetic fibres with the principal types of dye. The book covers: fundamental aspects of the physical and chemical structure of both fibres and dyes, together with the structure and properties of water, in relation to dyeing; dyeing as an area of study as well as the terminology employed in dyeing technology and science; contemporary views of intermolecular forces and the nature of the interactions that can occur between dyes and fibres at a molecular level; fundamental principles involved in dyeing theory, as represented by the thermodynamics and kinetics of dye sorption; detailed accounts of the mechanism of dyeing that applies to cotton (and other cellulosic fibres), polyester, polyamide, wool, polyacrylonitrile and silk fibres; non-aqueous dyeing, as represented by the use of air, organic solvents and supercritical CO2 fluid as alternatives to water as application medium. The up-to-date text is supported by a large number of tables, figures and illustrations as well as footnotes and widespread use of references to published work. The book is essential reading for students, teachers, researchers and professionals involved in textile coloration.

A Novel Green Treatment for Textiles

A Novel Green Treatment for Textiles
Author: Chi-wai Kan
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 311
Release: 2014-09-02
ISBN: 143983945X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Novel Green Treatment for Textiles Book Excerpt:

Industries worldwide have been impacted by environmental regulations, economics, and ultimately consumers, which has led to more thought about the development of sustainable products. The textile industry is no exception. The preparation, dyeing, and finishing of textile fibres requires large amounts of water and other chemicals which may be toxic or hazardous. Green chemistry along with other green technologies may now play a leading role in this process. This book emphasises the importance of plasma treatment as a green and sustainable technology. A Novel Green Treatment for Textiles: Plasma Treatment as a Sustainable Technology discusses the plasma treatment of textile fibres and its environmental, economic, and social benefits. The book reviews the general properties of textiles and provides a description of the current treatment methods typically used today. The author then introduces the concept of plasma and its application in treating textile materials. The application of plasma as a pretreatment as well as a treatment in dyeing textiles is discussed. The book summarizes the application of plasma treatment in the printing and finishing of textiles. Also explored is the concept of sustainability and its role in the development of plasma treatments in textile wet processing. The 12 Principles of Green Chemistry are incorporated throughout the book.

Cotton

Cotton
Author: S. Gordon,Y L Hsieh
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 568
Release: 2006-12-22
ISBN: 1845692489
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cotton Book Excerpt:

Despite the increased variety of manufactured fibres available to the textile industry, demand for cotton remains high because of its suitability on the basis of price, quality and comfort across a wide range of textile products. Cotton producing nations are also embracing sustainable production practices to meet growing consumer demand for sustainable resource production. This important book provides a comprehensive analysis of the key scientific and technological advances that ensure the quality of cotton is maintained from the field to fabric. The first part of the book discusses the fundamental chemical and physical structure of cotton and its various properties. Advice is offered on measuring and ensuring the quality of cotton fibre. Building on these basics, Part two analyses various means for producing cotton such as genetic modification and organic production. Chapters focus on spinning, knitting and weaving technologies as well as techniques in dyeing. The final section of the book concludes with chapters concerned with practical aspects within the industry such as health and safety issues and recycling methods for used cotton. Written by an array of international experts within the field, Cotton: science and technology is an essential reference for all those concerned with the manufacture and quality control of cotton. Summarises key scientific and technological issues in ensuring cotton quality Discusses the fundamental chemical and physical structure of cotton Individual chapters focus on spinning, knitting and weaving technologies

Textile Design

Textile Design
Author: Michael Hann
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 252
Release: 2020-10-20
ISBN: 1000214060
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Textile Design Book Excerpt:

This book includes fundamentals of textile processing technology with explanation of craft techniques, various stages of processing fibres and yarns with useful, readily understandable, line drawings. Fibrous types, dyes, yarns and cloths have been explained and material is supported by glossary and explanation of processing stages from fibre to finished cloth. Further, the considerations of relevance to the development and preparation of a design collection are outlined and discussed. Various testing procedures, including fibre, yarn and cloth identification methods, and important innovations in textile products and processing are identified and explained as well. Focused mainly on the needs of students specializing in textile or fashion design, at first year undergraduate university level, this book: Covers all stages from fibre to finished cloth. Discusses various stages of processing fibres and yarns. Explains fibrous types, dyes, yarns and cloths supported by relevant glossary. Presents explanations of both tactile and aesthetic aspects of textiles used in clothing.

Textile and Clothing Design Technology

Textile and Clothing Design Technology
Author: Tom Cassidy,Parikshit Goswami
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 674
Release: 2017-11-15
ISBN: 1351652230
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Textile and Clothing Design Technology Book Excerpt:

In the textile industry, there is a pressing need for people who can facilitate the translation of creative solutions from designers into manufacturing language and data. The design technologist has to understand the elements and principles employed by designers and how these change for various textile media. One must also have a good understanding of the processes, materials and products for which the textile designer is required to produce creative solutions. This book will be for designers wishing to improve their technological knowledge, technologists wishing to understand the design process, and anyone else who seeks to work at this design-technology interface. Key Features: • Provides a comprehensive information about textile production, apparel production and the design aspects of both textile and apparel production. • Fills the traditional gap between design and manufacture changing with advanced technologies. • Includes brief summary of spinning, weaving, chemical processing and garmenting. • Facilitates translation of creative solutions from designers into manufacturing language and data. • Covers set of workshop activities.

Effect of Mechanical and Physical Properties on Fabric Hand

Effect of Mechanical and Physical Properties on Fabric Hand
Author: H Behery
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 496
Release: 2005-10-31
ISBN: 1845690982
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Effect of Mechanical and Physical Properties on Fabric Hand Book Excerpt:

It is a consumer’s instinct to use the sense of touch when choosing a garment; to describe and assess the fabric quality and its suitability for a specific end use. The way that the fabric feels is described as its handle or ‘fabric hand’. Fabric hand can be evaluated by mechanical or electronic devices and by human judges using psychophysical or psychological techniques. Effect of mechanical and physical properties on fabric hand thoroughly explores the techniques and issues involved in this difficult subject. It begins by looking at the concepts of fabric hand, with chapters on the developments in hand measurement, the application of statistical methods and the differences in fabric hand between different cultures. The second part is devoted to the different effects fiber, yarn and fabric can have on fabric hand. The effect of factors including fiber, yarn and woven fabrics are all outlined in separate chapters. Finally, the third section describes the effect that processing has on fabric hand. This includes processes such as wet processing and chemical finishing, mechanical finishing and refurbishing. Finally two important appendices are included for reference. Appendix A is from the Hand Evaluation and Standardization Committee and outlines the Kawabata system for standardization and analysis of hand evaluation. Appendix B describes the SiroFAST system of fabric assurance by simple testing developed by CSIRO, Australia. With an international panel of distinguished contributors, Effect of mechanical and physical properties on fabric hand provides comprehensive coverage on the subject. It will be an essential work for those researching and working in apparel and fashion design, textile selection, fabric designers and developers, manufacturers, and those interested in fabric dyeing and finishing. Essential reading for all those working in apparel and fashion design, textile selection, fabric design and development and fabric manufacturers Covers statistical methods in evaluating hand and a comparison of hand evaluation in different cultures Looks at the effect processing has on fabric hand

Handbook of Textile Fibre Structure

Handbook of Textile Fibre Structure
Author: Stephen Eichhorn,J. W. S. Hearle,M Jaffe,T Kikutani
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 536
Release: 2009-10-26
ISBN: 1845697316
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Textile Fibre Structure Book Excerpt:

Due to their complexity and diversity, understanding the structure of textile fibres is of key importance. This authoritative two-volume collection provides a comprehensive review of the structure of an extensive range of textile fibres. Volume 2 begins by reviewing natural fibres such as cellulosic, cotton, protein, wool and silk fibres. Part two considers regenerated cellulosic, protein, alginate, chitin and chitosan fibres. The final part of the book discusses inorganic fibres such as glass, carbon and ceramic fibres as well as specialist fibres such as thermally and chemically-resistant fibres, optical and hollow fibres. Chapters review how fibre structure contributes to key mechanical properties. A companion volume reviews the structure of manufactured polymer fibres. Edited by leading authorities on the subject and with a team of international authors, the two volumes of the Handbook of textile fibre structure is an essential reference for textile technologists, fibre scientists, textile engineers and those in academia. Discusses how fibre structure contributes to key mechanical properties Reviews natural fibres such as cellulosic, cotton and silk fibres and considers various regenerated fibres Examines inorganic fibres including glass and carbon as well as specialist fibres such as chemically-resistant and optical fibres

HSc Home Science TB 11 E R

HSc Home Science TB 11 E R
Author: Kajal Kanjilal
Publsiher: New Saraswati House India Pvt Ltd
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN: 9352725840
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

HSc Home Science TB 11 E R Book Excerpt:

HSc-Home Science-TB-11_E-R

Handbook of Near Infrared Analysis Third Edition

Handbook of Near Infrared Analysis  Third Edition
Author: Donald A. Burns,Emil W. Ciurczak
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 834
Release: 2007-09-07
ISBN: 9781420007374
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Near Infrared Analysis Third Edition Book Excerpt:

Fast, inexpensive, and easy-to-use, near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy can be used to analyze small samples of virtually any composition. The Handbook of Near Infrared Analysis, Third Edition explains how to perform accurate as well as time- and cost-effective analyses across a growing spectrum of disciplines. Presenting nearly 50% new and revised material, this thoroughly updated edition incorporates the latest advances in instrumentation, computerization, calibration, and method development in NIR spectroscopy. The book underscores current trends in sample preparation, calibration transfer, process control, data analysis, and commercial NIR instrumentation. New chapters highlight novel applications including the analysis of agro-forestry products, polymers, blood, and control serum. They also cover NIR spectra, process analytical technologies (PAT), quantitative and qualitative analyses for nutraceuticals, NIR photography uses in medicine, and counterfeit detection methods for pharmaceuticals and currency. Offering the most complete single-source guide of its kind, the Handbook of Near Infrared Analysis, Third Edition continues to offer practicing chemists and spectroscopists an unparalleled combination of theoretical foundations, cutting-edge applications, and practical experience provided firsthand by more than 60 experts in the field.