Physico Chemical Phenomena in Thin Films and at Solid Surfaces

Physico Chemical Phenomena in Thin Films and at Solid Surfaces
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 800
Release: 2007-06-07
ISBN: 9780080480015
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Physico Chemical Phenomena in Thin Films and at Solid Surfaces Book Excerpt:

The book is devoted to the consideration of the different processes taking place in thin films and at surfaces. Since the most important physico-chemical phenomena in such media are accompanied by the rearrangement of an intra- and intermolecular coordinates and consequently a surrounding molecular ensemble, the theory of radiationless multi-vibrational transitions is used for its description. The second part of the book considers the numerous surface phenomena. And in the third part is described the preparation methods and characteristics of different types of thin films. Both experimental and theoretical descriptions are represented. Media rearrangement coupled with the reagent transformation largely determines the absolute value and temperature dependence of the rate constants and other characteristics of the considered processes. These effects are described at the atomic or molecular level based on the multi-phonon theory, starting from the first pioneering studies through to contemporary studies. A number of questions are included at the end of many chapters to further reinforce the material presented. · Unified approach to the description of numerous physico-chemical phenomena in different materials · Based on the pioneering research work of the authors · Explantion of a variety of experimental observations · Material is presented at two levels of complexity for specialists and non-specialists · Identifies existing and potential applications of the processes and phenomena · Includes questions at the end of some chapters to further reinforce the material discussed

Cu In1 xGax Se2 Based Thin Film Solar Cells

Cu In1 xGax Se2 Based Thin Film Solar Cells
Author: Subba Ramaiah Kodigala
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 700
Release: 2011-01-03
ISBN: 9780080920320
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cu In1 xGax Se2 Based Thin Film Solar Cells Book Excerpt:

Cu(In1-xGax)Se2 Based Thin Film Solar Cells provides valuable contents about the fabrication and characterization of chalcopyrite Cu(In1-xGax)Se2 based thin film solar cells and modules. The growth of chalcopyrite Cu(In1-xGax)(S1-ySey)2 absorbers, buffers, window layers, antireflection coatings, and finally metallic grids, which are the sole components of solar cells, is clearly illustrated. The absorber, which contains multiple elements, segregates secondary phases if the growth conditions are not well optimized i.e., the main drawback in the fabrication of solar cells. More importantly the solutions for the growth of thin films are given in detail. The properties of all the individual layers and single crystals including solar cells analyzed by different characterization techniques such as SEM, AFM, XPS, AES, TEM, XRD, optical, photoluminescence, and Raman spectroscopy are explicitly demonstrated. The electrical analyses such as conductivities, Hall mobilities, deep level transient spectroscopy measurements etc., provide a broad picture to understand thin films or single crystals and their solar cells. The book clearly explains the working principle of energy conversion from solar to electrical with basic sciences for the chalcopyrite based thin film solar cells. Also, it demonstrates important criteria on how to enhance efficiency of the solar cells and modules. The effect of environmental factors such as temperature, humidity, aging etc., on the devices is mentioned by citing several examples. Illustrates a number of growth techniques to prepare thin film layers for solar cells Discusses characterization techniques such as XRD, TEM, XPS, AFM, SEM, PL, CL, Optical measurements, and Electrical measurements Includes I-V, C-V measurements illustrations Provides analysis of solar cell efficiency Presents current trends in thin film solar cells research and marketing

Modern Technologies for Creating the Thin film Systems and Coatings

Modern Technologies for Creating the Thin film Systems and Coatings
Author: Nikolay Nikitenkov
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 444
Release: 2017-03-08
ISBN: 953513003X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Modern Technologies for Creating the Thin film Systems and Coatings Book Excerpt:

Development of the thin film and coating technologies (TFCT) made possible the technological revolution in electronics and through it the revolution in IT and communications in the end of the twentieth century. Now, TFCT penetrated in many sectors of human life and industry: biology and medicine; nuclear, fusion, and hydrogen energy; protection against corrosion and hydrogen embrittlement; jet engine; space materials science; and many others. Currently, TFCT along with nanotechnologies is the most promising for the development of almost all industries. The 20 chapters of this book present the achievements of thin-film technology in many areas mentioned above but more than any other in medicine and biology and energy saving and energy efficiency.

Computer Vision in Robotics and Industrial Applications

Computer Vision in Robotics and Industrial Applications
Author: Dominik Sankowski,Jacek Nowakowski
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 580
Release: 2014-06-26
ISBN: 9814583731
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Computer Vision in Robotics and Industrial Applications Book Excerpt:

The book presents a collection of practical applications of image processing and analysis. Different vision systems are more often used among others in the automotive industry, pharmacy, military and police equipment, automated production and measurement systems. In each of these fields of technology, digital image processing and analysis module is a critical part of the process of building this type of system. The majority of books in the market deal with theoretical issues. However, this unique publication specially highlights industrial applications, especially industrial measurement applications. Along with its wide spectrum of image processing and analysis applications, this book is an interesting reference for both students and professionals. Contents:Theoretical Introduction to Image Reconstruction and Processing:Data Set Preparation for k-NN Classifier Using the Measure of Representativeness (Marcin Raniszewski)Segmentation Methods in the Selected Industrial Computer Vision Application (Anna Fabijanska and Dominik Sankowski)Line Fractional-Order Difference/Sum, Its Properties and an Application in Image Processing (Piotr Ostalczyk)Computer Vision in Robotics:Management Software for Distributed Mobile Robot System (Maciej Łaski, Sylwester Błaszczyk, Piotr Duch, Rafał Jachowicz, Adam Wulkiewicz, Dominik Sankowski and Piotr Ostalczyk)Advanced Vision Systems in Detection and Analysis of Characteristic Features of Objects (Adam Wulkiewicz, Rafał Jachowicz, Sylwester Błaszczyk, Piotr Duch, Maciej Łaski, Dominik Sankowski and Piotr Ostalczyk)Pattern Recognition Algorithms for the Navigation of Mobile Platform (Rafał Jachowicz, Sylwester Błaszczyk, Piotr Duch, Maciej Łaski, Adam Wulkiewicz, Dominik Sankowski and Piotr Ostalczyk)Partial Fractional-Order Difference in the Edge Detection (Piotr Duch, Rafał Jachowicz, Sylwester Błaszczyk, Maciej Łaski, Adam Wulkiewicz, Piotr Ostalczyk and Dominik Sankowski)Application of Fractional-Order Derivative for Edge Detection in Mobile Robot System (Sylwester Błaszczyk, Rafał Jachowicz, Piotr Duch, Maciej Łaski, Adam Wulkiewicz, Piotr Ostalczyk and Dominik Sankowski)Vision Based Human-Machine Interfaces: Visem Recognition (Krzysztof Ślot, Agnieszka Owczarek and Maria Janczyk)Industrial Applications of Computer Vision in Process Tomography, Material Science and Temperature Control:Hybrid Boundary Element Method Applied for Diffusion Tomography Problems (Jan Sikora, Maciej Pańczyk and Paweł Wieleba)Two-phase Gas-Liquid Flow Structures and Phase Distribution Determination Based on 3D Electrical Capacitance Tomography Visualization (Robert Banasiak, Radosław Wajman, Tomasz Jaworski, Paweł Fiderek, Jacek Nowakowski and Henryk Fidos)Tomographic Visualization of Dynamic Industrial Solid Transporting and Storage Systems (Zbigniew Chaniecki, Krzysztof Grudzień and Andrzej Romanowski)Tomography Data Processing for Multiphase Industrial Process Monitoring (Krzysztof Grudzień, Zbigniew Chaniecki, Andrzej Romanowski, Jacek Nowakowski and Dominik Sankowski)Dedicated 3D Image Processing Methods for the Analysis of X-Ray Tomography Data: Case Study of Materials Science (Laurent Babout and Marcin Janaszewski)Selected Algorithms of Quantitative Image Analysis for Measurements of Properties Characterizing Interfacial Interactions at High Temperatures (Krzysztof Strzecha, Anna Fabijańska, Tomasz Koszmider and Dominik Sankowski)Theoretical Introduction to Image Reconstruction for Capacitance Process Tomography (Radosław Wajman, Krzysztof Grudzien, Robert Banasiak, Andrzej Romanowski, Zbigniew Chaniecki and Dominik Sankowski)Infra-Red Thermovision in Surface Temperature Control System (Jacek Kucharski, Tomasz Jaworski, Andrzej Frączyk and Piotr Urbanek)Medical and Other Applications of Computer Vision:The Computer Evaluation of Surface Color Changes in Cultivated Plants Influence by Different Environmental Factors (Joanna Sekulska-Nalewajko and Jarosław Gocławski)Various Approaches to Processing and Analysis of Images Obtained from Immunoenzymatic Visualization of Secretory Activity with ELISPOT Method (Wojciech Bieniecki and Szymon Grabowski)Image Processing and Analysis Algorithms for Assessment and Diagnosis of Brain Diseases (Anna Fabijanska and Tomasz Węglinski)Computer Systems for Studying Dynamic Properties of Materials at High Temperatures (Marcin Bąkała, Rafał Wojciechowski and Dominik Sankowski) Readership: Researchers, professionals and academics in image analysis, machine perception/computer vision, software engineering and fuzzy logic. Keywords:Image Processing;Computer Vision;Robotics;Pattern Recognition;Fuzzy Logic;Process Tomography;Mobile Robots

2D and Quasi 2D Composite and Nanocomposite Materials

2D and Quasi 2D Composite and Nanocomposite Materials
Author: Ross Mcphedran,Simon Gluzman,Vladimir Mityushev,Natalia Rylko
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 316
Release: 2020-06-05
ISBN: 0128188200
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

2D and Quasi 2D Composite and Nanocomposite Materials Book Excerpt:

2D and Quasi-2D Composite and Nanocomposite Materials: Theory, Properties and Photonic Applications covers the theory, characterization and computational modeling of 2D composite materials and shows how they are used for the creation of materials for 3D structures The book covers three major themes: Properties of 2D and quasi-2D composites are discussed in the context of homogenization theory. Homogenization results are discussed for spatiotemporal material composites assembled from materials which are distributed on a micro-scale in space and in time. New types of transport phenomena and localization in random media are addressed, with particular attention to the non-reciprocity of transport coefficients. Plasmonics and magneto-optics are also of particular interest. Magneto-transport and sub-wavelength resolution in electromagnetic and acoustic imaging are further considered. This book is an important resource for materials scientists and engineers working on nanomaterials, photonic composites, and materials theory, modeling and simulations. Outlines major modelling techniques of 2D nanocomposites for photonic applications Explores how the properties of 2D nanocomposites make them suitable for use for building 3D structures Assesses the challenges of using 2D nanocomposites for designing new devices on a mass scale

Small Systems and Fundamentals of Thermodynamics

Small Systems and Fundamentals of Thermodynamics
Author: Yu. K. Tovbin
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 416
Release: 2018-07-17
ISBN: 0429995393
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Small Systems and Fundamentals of Thermodynamics Book Excerpt:

Small systems are a very active area of research and development due to improved instrumentation that allows for spatial resolution in the range of sizes from one to 100 nm. In this size range, many physical and chemical properties change, which opens up new approaches to the study of substances and their practical application. This affects both traditional fields of knowledge and many other new fields including physics, chemistry, biology, etc. This book highlights new developments in statistical thermodynamics that answer the most important questions about the specifics of small systems - when one cannot apply equations or traditional thermodynamic models.

Bimodal Oxidation

Bimodal Oxidation
Author: Robert Bakhtchadjian
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 302
Release: 2019-11-15
ISBN: 1000084841
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bimodal Oxidation Book Excerpt:

This book is devoted to the problems of oxidation chemical reactions and addresses bimodal reaction sequences. Chemical reactions of oxidation, occurring under certain conditions and in multicomponent systems are complex processes. The process of the oxidation essentially changes in the presence and contact of the solid substances with reactants. The role of solid substances and the appearance of this phenomenon in oxidation reaction are discussed. The reader will understand the "driving forces" of this phenomenon and apply it in practice. Written for chemists, physicists, biologists and engineers working in the domain of oxidation reactions. Key Selling Features: Covers the historical background, modern state of the art, and perspectives in investigations of the coupling between heterogeneous and homogeneous reactions Discusses the feasible pathways of the coupling of heterogeneous and homogeneous reactions in oxidation in man-made and natural chemical systems Addresses the abundance, peculiarities and mechanisms of the bimodal reaction sequences in oxidation with dioxygen in recent decades Discusses the existence of the bimodal reaction sequences in chemical systems investigations in atmospheric chemistry and heterogeneous photocatalysis Presented in a simple concise style, accessible for both specialists and non-specialists

The Role of Ecological Chemistry in Pollution Research and Sustainable Development

The Role of Ecological Chemistry in Pollution Research and Sustainable Development
Author: Ali Mufit Bahadir,Gheorghe Duca
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 308
Release: 2009-08-03
ISBN: 9048129036
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Role of Ecological Chemistry in Pollution Research and Sustainable Development Book Excerpt:

Sustainable Development has become the leading concept of the 21 century. It describes a development, which agrees with the needs of the present generation but does not endanger the chances of the coming generations to satisfy also their needs. “Sustainable development” has become an important general goal for all fields of life like economy, ecology and social balance. The development and shaping of our future has been discussed internationally like on the summits of the Conferences in Rio and in Johannesburg. But this is also a topic on national base in various countries. Leading authorities in various fields of economy and politics have also accepted this concept. Although the concept of sustainable development has been generally accepted, there are still problems how to achieve and evaluate these general goals. It is clear that the definitions about the prime needs vary from man to man, from country to country and from continent to continent. But pollution does not respect national borders. Therefore, it is necessary to develop the politics of economy, ecology and social demands by a synergistic way that they are strengthened by each other. If it is not possible to stop tendencies, which threaten the future quality of life, the cost demands of societies will dramatically increase and negative tendencies will become irreversible.

Multiscale Modeling in Nanophotonics

Multiscale Modeling in Nanophotonics
Author: Alexander Bagaturyants,Mikhail Vener
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 274
Release: 2017-11-22
ISBN: 1351614061
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Multiscale Modeling in Nanophotonics Book Excerpt:

The idea of theoretically predicting the useful properties of various materials using multiscale simulations has become popular in recent years. Of special interest are nanostructured, organic functional materials, which have a hierarchical structure and are considered materials of the future because of their flexibility and versatility. Their functional properties are inherited from the molecule that lies at the heart of the hierarchical structure. On the other hand, the properties of this functional molecule, in particular its absorption and emission spectra, strongly depend on its interactions with its molecular environment. Therefore, the multiscale simulations used to predict the properties of organic functional materials should be atomistic, that is, they should be based on classical and/or quantum methods that explicitly take into account the molecular structure and intermolecular interactions at the atomic level. This book, written by well-known specialists in theoretical chemistry, focuses on the basics of classical mechanics, quantum chemistry methods used for molecular disordered materials, classical methods of molecular simulations of disordered materials, vibronic interactions, and applications (presented as multiscale strategies for atomistic simulations of photonic materials). It has been edited by Professor Mikhail Alfimov, a renowned Russian scientist, a full member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia, and the founder, first director, and now research supervisor of the Photochemistry Center of the Russian Academy of Science, Russia. Professor Alfimov’s main research interests are in the field of photochemistry and photophysics of molecular and supramolecular systems. The book is a great reference for advanced undergraduate- and graduate-level students of nanotechnology and molecular science and researchers in nano- and molecular science, nanotechnology, chemistry, and physical chemistry, especially those with an interest in functional materials.

Recent Advances in Broadband Dielectric Spectroscopy

Recent Advances in Broadband Dielectric Spectroscopy
Author: Yuri P. Kalmykov
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 196
Release: 2012-10-19
ISBN: 9400750129
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Recent Advances in Broadband Dielectric Spectroscopy Book Excerpt:

This volume considers experimental and theoretical dielectric studies of the structure and dynamics of complex systems. Complex systems constitute an almost universal class of materials including associated liquids, polymers, biomolecules, colloids, porous materials, doped ferroelectric crystals, nanomaterials, etc. These systems are characterized by a new "mesoscopic" length scale, intermediate between molecular and macroscopic. The mesoscopic structures of complex systems typically arise from fluctuations or competing interactions and exhibit a rich variety of static and dynamic behaviour. This growing field is interdisciplinary; it complements solid state and statistical physics, and overlaps considerably with chemistry, chemical engineering, materials science, and biology. A common theme in complex systems is that while such materials are disordered on the molecular scale and homogeneous on the macroscopic scale, they usually possess a certain degree of order on an intermediate, or mesoscopic, scale due to the delicate balance of interaction and thermal effects. In the present Volume it is shown how the dielectric spectroscopy studies of complex systems can be applied to determine both their structures and dynamics.

Encyclopedia of Surface and Colloid Science

Encyclopedia of Surface and Colloid Science
Author: P. Somasundaran
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 6675
Release: 2006
ISBN: 9780849396083
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Surface and Colloid Science Book Excerpt:

Nanosilicon

Nanosilicon
Author: Anatoly A. Ischenko,Gennady V. Fetisov,Leonid A. Aslalnov
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 755
Release: 2014-07-23
ISBN: 1466594233
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanosilicon Book Excerpt:

Nanosilicon: Properties, Synthesis, Applications, Methods of Analysis and Control examines the latest developments on the physics and chemistry of nanosilicon. The book focuses on methods for producing nanosilicon, its electronic and optical properties, research methods to characterize its spectral and structural properties, and its possible applic

Thin Films for Optical Systems

Thin Films for Optical Systems
Author: Flory
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 608
Release: 1995-07-06
ISBN: 9780824796334
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thin Films for Optical Systems Book Excerpt:

This work presents advances in thin films for applications in the fields of integrated optics, micro-optics, optical telecommunications and optoelectronics. It delineates the performance characteristics needed for graded coatings, damage-resistant laser coatings and many others. Basic theory and applications are illustrated.

Fundamentals of Adhesion

Fundamentals of Adhesion
Author: L.H. Lee
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 454
Release: 1991-02-28
ISBN: 0306434709
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fundamentals of Adhesion Book Excerpt:

Evolved as a reference book for participants at a short annual fall course at the State University of New York at New Paltz. This first volume concentrates on adhesion with or without the use of an adhesive. Second volume title 'Adhesive bonding' deals with bonding with the aid of adhesives.

Wafer Fabrication Factory Performance and Analysis

Wafer Fabrication  Factory Performance and Analysis
Author: Linda F. Atherton,Robert W. Atherton
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 468
Release: 1995-11-30
ISBN: 9780792396192
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Wafer Fabrication Factory Performance and Analysis Book Excerpt:

This book is concerned with wafer fabrication and the factories that manufacture microprocessors and other integrated circuits. With the invention of the transistor in 1947, the world as we knew it changed. The transistor led to the microprocessor, and the microprocessor, the guts of the modern computer, has created an epoch of virtually unlimited information processing. The electronics and computer revolution has brought about, for better or worse, a new way of life. This revolution could not have occurred without wafer fabrication, and its associated processing technologies. A microprocessor is fabricated via a lengthy, highly-complex sequence of chemical processes. The success of modern chip manufacturing is a miracle of technology and a tribute to the hundreds of engineers who have contributed to its development. This book will delineate the magnitude of the accomplishment, and present methods to analyze and predict the performance of the factories that make the chips. The set of topics covered juxtaposes several disciplines of engineering. A primary subject is the chemical engineering aspects of the electronics industry, an industry typically thought to be strictly an electrical engineer's playground. The book also delves into issues of manufacturing, operations performance, economics, and the dynamics of material movement, topics often considered the domain of industrial engineering and operations research. Hopefully, we have provided in this work a comprehensive treatment of both the technology and the factories of wafer fabrication. Novel features of these factories include long process flows and a dominance of processing over operational issues.

Chemical Physics of Thin Film Deposition Processes for Micro and Nano Technologies

Chemical Physics of Thin Film Deposition Processes for Micro  and Nano Technologies
Author: Y. Pauleau
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 363
Release: 2002-04-30
ISBN: 9781402005244
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chemical Physics of Thin Film Deposition Processes for Micro and Nano Technologies Book Excerpt:

Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute, held in Kaunas, Lithuania, from 3-14 September 2001

Atomic and Ionic Impact Phenomena on Metal Surfaces

Atomic and Ionic Impact Phenomena on Metal Surfaces
Author: M. Kaminsky
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 402
Release: 2013-03-08
ISBN: 3642460259
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Atomic and Ionic Impact Phenomena on Metal Surfaces Book Excerpt:

The collisions of neutral or charged gaseous particles with solid surfaces govern many physical and chemical phenomena, as has been The gas/solid phenomena in turn depend on a recognized for a long time. great variety of processes such as the charge transfer of the gas/solid interface, adsorption and desorption, the energy transfer between an incident particle and the surface, etc. Our knowledge of these processes, however, is only fragmentary. This is partly due to the difficulty in adequately controlling the ex perimental conditions. Consequently, until recently the data were usually so complex that reliable information about a particular elementary process could not be deduced. Within the last five to ten years, however, the techniques of ultra-high vacuum and surface preparation have developed rapidly and there has been a booming and widespread interest in the role of gas/solid interactions in such diverse fields as plasma physics, thermonuclear reactions, thermionic energy conversion, ion propulsion, sputtering corrosion of the surface of satellites and ion engines, ion getter pumps, deposition of thin films, etc. This led to extensive investigations of numerous gas/solid phenomena, such as surface ionization, sputtering, emission of secondary electrons and ions from surfaces under atom and/or ion impact, ion neutralization, and the thermal accomodation of gaseous particles on surfaces. As a result, it has become possible to gather a variety of valuable information.

Thin Films and Nanostructures

Thin Films and Nanostructures
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2002
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Nanostructures
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thin Films and Nanostructures Book Excerpt:

Guide to Programs

Guide to Programs
Author: National Science Foundation (U.S.)
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1996
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Federal aid to research
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Guide to Programs Book Excerpt:

Physical Chemical Mechanics of Disperse Systems and Materials

Physical Chemical Mechanics of Disperse Systems and Materials
Author: Eugene D. Shchukin,Andrei S. Zelenev
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 354
Release: 2015-12-02
ISBN: 1466567104
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Physical Chemical Mechanics of Disperse Systems and Materials Book Excerpt:

Physical–Chemical Mechanics of Disperse Systems and Materials is a novel interdisciplinary area in the science of the disperse state of matter. It covers the broad spectrum of objects and systems with dimensions ranging from nanometers to millimeters and establishes a fundamental basis for controlling and tuning the properties of these systems as well as the processes taking place in them. Physical–chemical mechanics focuses on the analysis of the complex physical–chemical interfacial phenomena taking place both in the transition of a dispersed system into a material, such as in the course of pressing, sintering, hydration hardening, and sol-gel transitions, and in the course of the dispersion of bulk materials taking place in milling, mechanical treatment, friction and wear, and fracturing. These studies are based on thorough experimental investigation of contact interactions between particles in these processes. The book is divided into two sections. The first section covers basic principles of the formation, stability and rupture of contacts between particles in different media and in surfactant solutions, as well as the properties of coagulation structures and their rheology. The second section covers surface phenomena taking place in solid-like structures with phase contacts and in compact bodies with an emphasis on several applications and processes as well as the special role of the Rehbinder effect. Where appropriate and relevant, the book presents essays on specific significant and principal studies, such as the damageability of crystal and glass surfaces, the strength of industrial catalysts, the nano-mechanisms of cement hardening, the role of the structure-mechanical barrier in the stabilization of fluorinated systems, and contact interactions in papermaking. It also devotes attention to experimental methods used in physical–chemical mechanics, the direct measurement of contact strength, and relevant instrumentations. The book utilizes the content used over many years in lecture courses and includes fundamental material on colloid and surface chemistry, the strength of materials, rheology, and tensors, which makes it well suited for novices and experts in the field.