Physics of Life

Physics of Life
Author: Clas Blomberg
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 436
Release: 2007-10-01
ISBN: 9780080554648
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Physics of Life Book Excerpt:

The purpose of the book is to give a survey of the physics that is relevant for biological applications, and also to discuss what kind of biology needs physics. The book gives a broad account of basic physics, relevant for the applications and various applications from properties of proteins to processes in the cell to wider themes such as the brain, the origin of life and evolution. It also considers general questions of common interest such as reductionism, determinism and randomness, where the physics view often is misunderstood. The subtle balance between order and disorder is a repeated theme appearing in many contexts. There are descriptive parts which shall be sufficient for the comprehension of general ideas, and more detailed, formalistic parts for those who want to go deeper, and see the ideas expressed in terms of mathematical formulas. - Describes how physics is needed for understanding basic principles of biology - Discusses the delicate balance between order and disorder in living systems - Explores how physics play a role high biological functions, such as learning and thinking

Chemical Evolution Physics of the Origin and Evolution of Life

Chemical Evolution  Physics of the Origin and Evolution of Life
Author: Julian Chela-Flores,François Raulin
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 414
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 9400917120
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chemical Evolution Physics of the Origin and Evolution of Life Book Excerpt:

Leading researchers in the area of the origin and evolution of life in the universe contributed to Chemical Evolution: Physics of the Origin and Evolution of Life. This volume provides a review of this interdisciplinary field. In 35 chapters many aspects of the origin of life are discussed by 90 authors, with particular emphasis on the early paleontological record: physical, chemical, biological, and informational aspects of life's origin, instrumentation in exobiology and system exploration; the search for habitable planets and extraterrestrial intelligent radio signals. This book contains the proceedings of the Fourth Trieste Conference on Chemical Evolution that took place in September 1995, in which scientists from a wide geographical distribution joined in a Memorial to Cyril Ponnamperuma, who was a pioneer in the field of chemical evolution, the origin of life, and exobiology, and also initiated the Trieste Conferences on Chemical Evolution and the Origin of Life. This fourth Conference was therefore dedicated to his memory. Audience: Graduate students and researchers in the many areas of basic, earth, and life sciences that contribute to the study of chemical evolution and the origin of life.

The Physics of Living Processes

The Physics of Living Processes
Author: Thomas Andrew Waigh
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 617
Release: 2014-10-20
ISBN: 1118449940
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Physics of Living Processes Book Excerpt:

This full-colour undergraduate textbook, based on a two semester course, presents the fundamentals of biological physics, introducing essential modern topics that include cells, polymers, polyelectrolytes, membranes, liquid crystals, phase transitions, self-assembly, photonics, fluid mechanics, motility, chemical kinetics, enzyme kinetics, systems biology, nerves, physiology, the senses, and the brain. The comprehensive coverage, featuring in-depth explanations of recent rapid developments, demonstrates this to be one of the most diverse of modern scientific disciplines. The Physics of Living Processes: A Mesoscopic Approach is comprised of five principal sections: • Building Blocks • Soft Condensed Matter Techniques in Biology • Experimental Techniques • Systems Biology • Spikes, Brains and the Senses The unique focus is predominantly on the mesoscale — structures on length scales between those of atoms and the macroscopic behaviour of whole organisms. The connections between molecules and their emergent biological phenomena provide a novel integrated perspective on biological physics, making this an important text across a variety of scientific disciplines including biophysics, physics, physical chemistry, chemical engineering and bioengineering. An extensive set of worked tutorial questions are included, which will equip the reader with a range of new physical tools to approach problems in the life sciences from medicine, pharmaceutical science and agriculture.

Molecular and Biological Physics of Living Systems

Molecular and Biological Physics of Living Systems
Author: R.K. Mishra
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 298
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 9400918909
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Molecular and Biological Physics of Living Systems Book Excerpt:

The living organisms and systems possess extraordinary properties of programmed development, differentiation, growth, response, movement, duplication of key molecules and in m any cases higher mental functions. But the organisms are physical objects so they must follow laws of physics yet they do not seem to obey them. Physicists cannot easily persuade themselves to accept this as finally true. Non-living objects are governed by these laws of physics and they can explain these properties. However, in the living systems too phenomena encountered like coupled non-linear interactions, manybody effects, cooperativity, coherence, phase transitions, reversible metastable states are being understood better with the aid of powerful theoretical and experimental techniques and hope is raised that these may let us understand the mysteriousness of life. Contributors to this volume are a small fraction of rapidly growing scientific opinion that these aspects of living bodies are to be expected in a hitherto inadequately suspected state of matter which is in the main directed by these physical properties pushed almost to limit. This state of matter, the living matter, deserves to be called The Living State. Mishra proposes that given hydrogenic orbitals, atoms showing easy hybridisability and multiple valances, molecules with low-lying electronic levels, "loosestructure", and a metabolic pump in thermodynamically open system, various fundamental properties of living state can emerge automatically. Structurally these are all known to be present.

Physics of Self Organization and Evolution

Physics of Self Organization and Evolution
Author: Werner Ebeling,Rainer Feistel
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 576
Release: 2011-09-19
ISBN: 3527636803
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Physics of Self Organization and Evolution Book Excerpt:

This thoroughly updated version of the German authoritative work on self-organization has been completely rewritten by internationally renowned experts and experienced book authors to also include a review of more recent literature. It retains the original enthusiasm and fascination surrounding thermodynamic systems far from equilibrium, synergetics, and the origin of life, representing an easily readable book and tutorial on this exciting field. The book is unique in covering in detail the experimental and theoretical fundamentals of self-organizing systems as well as such selected features as random processes, structural networks and multistable systems, while focusing on the physical and theoretical modeling of natural selection and evolution processes. The authors take examples from physics, chemistry, biology and social systems, and include results hitherto unpublished in English. The result is a one-stop resource relevant for students and scientists in physics or related interdisciplinary fields, including mathematical physics, biophysics, information science and nanotechnology.

Physics of the Human Temporality

Physics of the Human Temporality
Author: Ihor Lubashevsky,Natalie Plavinska
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 641
Release: 2021-11-22
ISBN: 3030826120
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Physics of the Human Temporality Book Excerpt:

This book presents a novel account of the human temporal dimension called the “human temporality” and develops a special mathematical formalism for describing such an object as the human mind. One of the characteristic features of the human mind is its temporal extent. For objects of physical reality, only the present exists, which may be conceived as a point-like moment in time. In the human temporality, the past retained in the memory, the imaginary future, and the present coexist and are closely intertwined and impact one another. This book focuses on one of the fragments of the human temporality called the complex present. A detailed analysis of the classical and modern concepts has enabled the authors to put forward the idea of the multi-component structure of the present. For the concept of the complex present, the authors proposed a novel account that involves a qualitative description and a special mathematical formalism. This formalism takes into account human goal-oriented behavior and uncertainty in human perception. The present book can be interesting for theoreticians, physicists dealing with modeling systems where the human factor plays a crucial role, philosophers who are interested in applying philosophical concepts to constructing mathematical models, and psychologists whose research is related to modeling mental processes.

Physics of the Life Sciences

Physics of the Life Sciences
Author: Jay Newman
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 721
Release: 2008-10-09
ISBN: 0387772588
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Physics of the Life Sciences Book Excerpt:

Each chapter has three types of learning aides for students: open-ended questions, multiple-choice questions, and quantitative problems. There is an average of about 50 per chapter. There are also a number of worked examples in the chapters, averaging over 5 per chapter, and almost 600 photos and line drawings.

The Future of Life and the Future of our Civilization

The Future of Life and the Future of our Civilization
Author: Vladimir Burdyuzha
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 495
Release: 2006-10-12
ISBN: 1402049684
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Future of Life and the Future of our Civilization Book Excerpt:

This book covers the proceedings of "The Future of Life and the Future of our Civilization" symposium, held in Frankfurt, Germany in May 2005.

Physics of Emergence and Organization

Physics of Emergence and Organization
Author: Ignazio Licata
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 432
Release: 2008
ISBN: 9812779949
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Physics of Emergence and Organization Book Excerpt:

This book is a state-of-the-art review on the Physics of Emergence. The challenge of complexity is to focus on the description levels of the observer in context-dependent situations. Emergence is not only an heuristic approach to complexity, but it also urges us to face a much deeper question ? what do we think is fundamental in the physical world?This volume provides significant and pioneering contributions based on rigorous physical and mathematical approaches ? with particular reference to the syntax of Quantum Physics and Quantum Field Theory ? dealing with the bridge-laws and their limitations between Physics and Biology, without failing to discuss the involved epistemological features.Physics of Emergence and Organization is an interdisciplinary source of reference for students and experts whose interests cross over to complexity issues.

The Physics of Foraging

The Physics of Foraging
Author: Gandhimohan. M. Viswanathan,Marcos G. E. da Luz,Ernesto P. Raposo,H. Eugene Stanley
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2011-06-02
ISBN: 1139497553
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Physics of Foraging Book Excerpt:

Do the movements of animals, including humans, follow patterns that can be described quantitatively by simple laws of motion? If so, then why? These questions have attracted the attention of scientists in many disciplines, and stimulated debates ranging from ecological matters to queries such as 'how can there be free will if one follows a law of motion?' This is the first book on this rapidly evolving subject, introducing random searches and foraging in a way that can be understood by readers without a previous background on the subject. It reviews theory as well as experiment, addresses open problems and perspectives, and discusses applications ranging from the colonization of Madagascar by Austronesians to the diffusion of genetically modified crops. The book will interest physicists working in the field of anomalous diffusion and movement ecology as well as ecologists already familiar with the concepts and methods of statistical physics.

Physics of Biological Action and Perception

Physics of Biological Action and Perception
Author: Mark L. Latash
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 242
Release: 2019-09-05
ISBN: 0128192852
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Physics of Biological Action and Perception Book Excerpt:

Physics of Biological Action and Perception helps researchers interested in exploring biological motor control from a physics or alternative viewpoint perspective. The book introduces the idea of parametric control as a distinguishing feature of living systems. Sections cover how the CNS creates stable percepts based on fuzzy and continuously changing signals from numerous receptors and the variable processes related to ongoing actions. The author also develops the idea of control with referent coordinates to stability of salient variables in fields typically united under the label of "cognition." Examples of this include communication (how the gist of a message is preserved despite variability of phrases), thought processes (how one can solve a mental problem via different logical routes), and playing chess (how one selects an optimal move given a position on the board). The book is written for researchers, instructors, clinicians and other professionals in all the fields related to biological movement and perception. Presents a unifying theory of motor control based on physics Encompasses action, perception and cognition Discusses referent coordinates, kinesthetic perception and stability of actions Identifies the importance of the CNS over computational brain function

The Physics of Superheroes Spectacular Second Edition

The Physics of Superheroes  Spectacular Second Edition
Author: James Kakalios
Publsiher: Penguin
Total Pages: 448
Release: 2009-11-03
ISBN: 1101152362
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Physics of Superheroes Spectacular Second Edition Book Excerpt:

A complete update to the hit book on the real physics at work in comic books, featuring more heroes, more villains, and more science Since 2001, James Kakalios has taught "Everything I Needed to Know About Physics I Learned from Reading Comic Books," a hugely popular university course that generated coast-to-coast media attention for its unique method of explaining complex physics concepts through comics. With The Physics of Superheroes, named one of the best science books of 2005 by Discover, he introduced his colorful approach to an even wider audience. Now Kakalios presents a totally updated, expanded edition that features even more superheroes and findings from the cutting edge of science. With three new chapters and completely revised throughout with a splashy, redesigned package, the book that explains why Spider-Man's webbing failed his girlfriend, the probable cause of Krypton's explosion, and the Newtonian physics at work in Gotham City is electrifying from cover to cover.

Quantum Aspects of Life

Quantum Aspects of Life
Author: Derek Abbott,P. C. W. Davies,Arun K. Pati
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 469
Release: 2008
ISBN: 1848162677
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Quantum Aspects of Life Book Excerpt:

A quantum origin of life? -- Quantum mechanics and emergence -- Quantum coherence and the search for the first replicator -- Ultrafast quantum dynamics in photosynthesis -- Modelling quantum decoherence in biomolecules -- Molecular evolution -- Memory depends on the cytoskeleton, but is it quantum? -- Quantum metabolism and allometric scaling relations in biology -- Spectroscopy of the genetic code -- Towards understanding the origin of genetic languages -- Can arbitrary quantum systems undergo self-replication? -- A semi-quantum version of the game of life -- Evolutionary stability in quantum games -- Quantum transmemetic intelligence -- Dreams versus reality : plenary debate session on quantum computing -- Plenary debate: quantum effects in biology : trivial or not? -- Nontrivial quantum effects in biology : a skeptical physicists' view -- That's life! : the geometry of p electron clouds.

The Strategy of Life

The Strategy of Life
Author: T. Lenoir
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 338
Release: 1982-09-30
ISBN: 9789027713636
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Strategy of Life Book Excerpt:

Teleological thinking has been steadfastly resisted by modern biology. And yet, in nearly every area of research biologists are hard pressed to find language that does not impute purposiveness to living forms. The life of the individual organism, if not life itself, seems to make use of a variety of strate gems in achieving its purposes. But in an age when physical models dominate our imagination and when physics itself has become accustomed to uncertainty relations and complementarity, biologists have learned to live with a kind of schizophrenic language, employing terms like 'selfish genes' and 'survival machines' to describe the behavior of organisms as if they were somehow purposive yet all the while intending that they are highly complicated mechanisms. The present study treats a period in the history of the life sciences when the imputation of purposiveness to biological organization was not regarded an embarrassment but rather an accepted fact, and when the principal goal was to reap the benefits of mechanistic explanations by finding a. means of in corporating them within the guidelines of a teleological fmmework. Whereas the history of German biology in the early nineteenth century is usually dismissed as an unfortunate era dominated by arid speculation, the present study aims to reverse that judgment by showing that a consistent, workable program of research was elaborated by a well-connected group of German biologists and that it was based squarely on the unification of teleological and mechanistic models of explanation.

Who Wrote the Book of Life

Who Wrote the Book of Life
Author: Lily E. Kay
Publsiher: Stanford University Press
Total Pages: 476
Release: 2000
ISBN: 9780804734172
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Who Wrote the Book of Life Book Excerpt:

This is a detailed history of one of the most important and dramatic episodes in modern science, recounted from the novel vantage point of the dawn of the information age and its impact on representations of nature, heredity, and society. Drawing on archives, published sources, and interviews, the author situates work on the genetic code (1953-70) within the history of life science, the rise of communication technosciences (cybernetics, information theory, and computers), the intersection of molecular biology with cryptanalysis and linguistics, and the social history of postwar Europe and the United States. Kay draws out the historical specificity in the process by which the central biological problem of DNA-based protein synthesis came to be metaphorically represented as an information code and a writing technology—and consequently as a “book of life.” This molecular writing and reading is part of the cultural production of the Nuclear Age, its power amplified by the centuries-old theistic resonance of the “book of life” metaphor. Yet, as the author points out, these are just metaphors: analogies, not ontologies. Necessary and productive as they have been, they have their epistemological limitations. Deploying analyses of language, cryptology, and information theory, the author persuasively argues that, technically speaking, the genetic code is not a code, DNA is not a language, and the genome is not an information system (objections voiced by experts as early as the 1950s). Thus her historical reconstruction and analyses also serve as a critique of the new genomic biopower. Genomic textuality has become a fact of life, a metaphor literalized, she claims, as human genome projects promise new levels of control over life through the meta-level of information: control of the word (the DNA sequences) and its editing and rewriting. But the author shows how the humbling limits of these scriptural metaphors also pose a challenge to the textual and material mastery of the genomic “book of life.”

The Dynamics of Living Systems

The Dynamics of Living Systems
Author: Thomas Lecuit
Publsiher: Collège de France
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2020-11-16
ISBN: 2722605600
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Dynamics of Living Systems Book Excerpt:

How can we explain the fundamental paradox of living matter, which combines stability and robustness of form with constant internal dynamics? It is not only the genetic information contained in every cell, but also numerous stochastic biomolecular processes that are at work in morphogenesis. In addition, the shaping of an organism is driven by mechanical forces that operate within and between cells, across tissues and organs. The dynamics of morphogenesis is a self-organized process that emerges from biological control and physical constraints at all scales. Its study is currently bringing together a fast-growing interdisciplinary community that observes, analyses and models living organisms.

Biophysics

Biophysics
Author: William C. Parke
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 695
Release: 2021-08-18
ISBN: 9783030441487
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biophysics Book Excerpt:

This comprehensive and extensively classroom-tested biophysics textbook is a complete introduction to the physical principles underlying biological processes and their applications to the life sciences and medicine. The foundations of natural processes are placed on a firm footing before showing how their consequences can be explored in a wide range of biosystems. The goal is to develop the readers’ intuition, understanding, and facility for creative analysis that are frequently required to grapple with problems involving complex living organisms. Topics cover all scales, encompassing the application of statics, fluid dynamics, acoustics, electromagnetism, light, radiation physics, thermodynamics, statistical physics, quantum biophysics, and theories of information, ordering, and evolutionary optimization to biological processes and bio-relevant technological implementations. Sound modeling principles are emphasized throughout, placing all the concepts within a rigorous framework. With numerous worked examples and exercises to test and enhance the reader’s understanding, this book can be used as a textbook for physics graduate students and as a supplementary text for a range of premedical, biomedical, and biophysics courses at the undergraduate and graduate levels. It will also be a useful reference for biologists, physicists, medical researchers, and medical device engineers who want to work from first principles.

Molecular Evolution of Life

Molecular Evolution of Life
Author: Herrick Baltscheffsky,Hans Jornvall,Rudolf Rigler
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 400
Release: 1986-12-18
ISBN: 9780521336420
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Molecular Evolution of Life Book Excerpt:

An interdisciplinary account of the recent advances made in understanding fundamental molecular aspects of the pre-biological and biological evolution of life.

In Search of the Physical Basis of Life

In Search of the Physical Basis of Life
Author: Gilbert Ling
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 792
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 1461326672
Category: Nature
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

In Search of the Physical Basis of Life Book Excerpt:

It is highly probable that the ability to distinguish between living and nonliving objects was already well developed in early prehuman animals. Cognizance of the difference between these two classes of objects, long a part of human knowledge, led naturally to the division of science into two categories: physics and chemistry on the one hand and biology on the other. So deep was this belief in the separateness of physics and biology that, as late as the early nineteenth century, many biologists still believed in vitalism, according to which living phenomena fall outside the confines of the laws of physics. It was not until the middle of the nineteenth century that Carl Ludwig, Hermann von Helmholz, Emil DuBois-Reymond, and Ernst von Briicke inaugurated a physicochem ical approach to physiology in which it was recognized clearly that one set of laws must govern the properties and behavior of all matter, living and nonliving . . The task of a biologist is like trying to solve a gigantic multidimensional crossword fill in the right physical concepts at the right places. The biologist depends on puzzle: to the maturation of the science of physics much as the crossword solver depends on a large and correct vocabulary. The solver of crossword puzzles needs not just a good vocabulary but a special vocabulary. Words like inee and oke are vitally useful to him but are not part of the vocabulary of an English professor.

Econophysics of Income and Wealth Distributions

Econophysics of Income and Wealth Distributions
Author: Bikas K. Chakrabarti,Anirban Chakraborti,Satya R. Chakravarty,Arnab Chatterjee
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2013-03-07
ISBN: 113961956X
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Econophysics of Income and Wealth Distributions Book Excerpt:

The distribution of wealth and income is never uniform, and philosophers and economists have tried for years to understand the reasons and formulate remedies for such inequalities. This book introduces the elegant and intriguing kinetic exchange models that physicists have developed to tackle these issues. This is the first monograph in econophysics focussed on the analyses and modelling of these distributions, and is ideal for physicists and economists. It is written in simple, lucid language, with plenty of illustrations and in-depth analyses, making it suitable for researchers new to this field as well as specialized readers. It explores the origin of economic inequality and examines the scientific steps that can be taken to reduce this inequality in the future.