Physiology and Pathology of Chloride Transporters and Channels in the Nervous System

Physiology and Pathology of Chloride Transporters and Channels in the Nervous System
Author: F. Javier Alvarez-Leefmans,Eric Delpire
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 630
Release: 2009-08-22
ISBN: 9780080922034
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Physiology and Pathology of Chloride Transporters and Channels in the Nervous System Book Excerpt:

The importance of chloride ions in cell physiology has not been fully recognized until recently, in spite of the fact that chloride (Cl-), together with bicarbonate, is the most abundant free anion in animal cells, and performs or determines fundamental biological functions in all tissues. For many years it was thought that Cl- was distributed in thermodynamic equilibrium across the plasma membrane of most cells. Research carried out during the last couple of decades has led to a dramatic change in this simplistic view. We now know that most animal cells, neurons included, exhibit a non-equilibrium distribution of Cl- across their plasma membranes. Over the last 10 to 15 years, with the growth of molecular biology and the advent of new optical methods, an enormous amount of exciting new information has become available on the molecular structure and function of Cl- channels and carriers. In nerve cells, Cl- channels and carriers play key functional roles in GABA- and glycine-mediated synaptic inhibition, neuronal growth and development, extracellular potassium scavenging, sensory-transduction, neurotransmitter uptake and cell volume control. Disruption of Cl- homeostasis in neurons underlies pathological conditions such as epilepsy, deafness, imbalance, brain edema and ischemia, pain and neurogenic inflammation. This book is about how chloride ions are regulated and how they cross the plasma membrane of neurons. It spans from molecular structure and function of carriers and channels involved in Cl- transport to their role in various diseases. The first comprehensive book on the structure, molecular biology, cell physiology, and role in diseases of chloride transporters / channels in the nervous system in almost 20 years Chloride is the most abundant free anion in animal cells. THis book summarizes and integrates for the first time the important research of the past two decades that has shown that Cl- channels and carriers play key functional roles in GABA- and glycine-mediated synaptic inhibition, neuronal growth and development, extracellular potassium scavenging, sensory-transduction, neurotransmitter uptake and cell volume control The first book that systematically discusses the result of disruption of Cl- homeostasis in neurons which underlies pathological conditions such as epilepsy, deafness, imbalance, brain edema and ischemia, pain and neurogenic inflammation Spanning topics from molecular structure and function of carriers and channels involved in Cl- transport to their role in various diseases Involves all of the leading researchers in the field Includes an extensive introductory section that covers basic thermodynamic and kinetics aspects of Cl- transport, as well as current methods for studying Cl- regulation, spanning from fluorescent dyes in single cells to knock-out models to make the book available for a growing population of graduate students and postdocs entering the field

Cell Physiology Source Book

Cell Physiology Source Book
Author: Nicholas Sperelakis,Nick Sperelakis
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 997
Release: 2012-01-11
ISBN: 0123877385
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cell Physiology Source Book Book Excerpt:

Cell Physiology Source Book gathers together a broad range of ideas and topics that define the field. It provides clear, concise, and comprehensive coverage of all aspects of cellular physiology from fundamental concepts to more advanced topics. The 4e contains substantial new material. Most chapters have been thoroughly reworked. The book includes chapters on important topics such as sensory transduction, the physiology of protozoa and bacteria, and synaptic transmission. Authored by leading researchers in the field Clear, concise, and comprehensive coverage of all aspects of cellular physiology, from fundamental concepts to more advanced topics Full color illustrations

Ion Channels and Transporters of Epithelia in Health and Disease

Ion Channels and Transporters of Epithelia in Health and Disease
Author: Kirk L. Hamilton,Daniel C Devor
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 1019
Release: 2015-12-14
ISBN: 1493933663
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ion Channels and Transporters of Epithelia in Health and Disease Book Excerpt:

This book sheds new light on the physiology, molecular biology and pathophysiology of epithelial ion channels and transporters. It combines the basic cellular models and functions by means of a compelling clinical perspective, addressing aspects from the laboratory bench to the bedside. The individual chapters, written by leading scientists and clinicians, explore specific ion channels and transporters located in the epithelial tissues of the kidney, intestine, pancreas and respiratory tract, all of which play a crucial part in maintaining homeostasis. Further topics include the fundamentals of epithelial transport; mathematical modeling of ion transport; cell volume regulation; membrane protein folding and trafficking; transepithelial transport functions; and lastly, a discussion of transport proteins as potential pharmacological targets with a focus on the pharmacology of potassium channels.

Studies of Epithelial Transporters and Ion Channels

Studies of Epithelial Transporters and Ion Channels
Author: Kirk L. Hamilton,Daniel C. Devor
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 1247
Release: 2021-03-04
ISBN: 3030554546
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Studies of Epithelial Transporters and Ion Channels Book Excerpt:

This book discusses unique ion channels and transporters that are located within epithelial tissues of various organs including the kidney, intestine, pancreas and respiratory tract. The authors will show, that each of these channels and transporters play crucial roles in transepithelial ion and fluid transport across epithelia and their responsibility in maintaining homeostasis. The reader gains an understanding of the fundamentals of epithelial ion transport, in terms of function, modelling, regulation, trafficking, structure and pharmacology. This is the third of three volumes highlighting the importance of epithelial ion channels and transporters in basic physiology and pathophysiology of human diseases. The focus of this volume lies with different ion channel and transporter families. Additionally, this volume benefits from pharmaceutical contributors and their insights into recent pre-clinical drug discovery efforts and results from clinical trials. Overall, these chapters offer a more thorough coverage of individual epithelial ion channels and transporters from the 1st Edition, along with eleven new chapters. That makes Volume 3 an insightful contribution for physiology students, scientists and clinicians.

Erythrocytes

Erythrocytes
Author: Florian Lang,Michael Föller
Publsiher: World Scientific Publishing Company
Total Pages: 452
Release: 2012-07-23
ISBN: 1908977086
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Erythrocytes Book Excerpt:

The book covers the functional significance and properties of erythrocytes, their generation, senescence, and suicidal death. It further summarizes knowledge about hormones influencing erythrocyte formation including erythropoietin as well as disorders affecting and involving erythrocytes such as anemia, malaria, and sepsis. This seminal work forms a unique reference on the most abundant cell type in mammals and will be an invaluable resource for students in the life sciences.

Membrane Transporters in the Pathogenesis of Cardiovascular and Lung Disorders

Membrane Transporters in the Pathogenesis of Cardiovascular and Lung Disorders
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 414
Release: 2019-06-05
ISBN: 0128177659
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Membrane Transporters in the Pathogenesis of Cardiovascular and Lung Disorders Book Excerpt:

Membrane Transporters in the Pathogenesis of Cardiovascular and Lung Disorders, Volume 83, the latest release in the Current Topics in Membranes series, highlights new advances in the field, with this volume presenting chapters from recognized experts on topics such as cardiotonic steroids, Na+, K+ pumps and vascular fibrosis, purinergic signaling in the lung, structural models of a2-subunit N-termini and binding interfaces, ubiquitous and cell type-specific transcriptomic changes triggered by dissipation of monovalent cation gradients, the Na, K-ATPase alpha2 isoform in cardiovascular pathologies, the role of cell swelling and volume-sensitive ion channels in stroke pathology, structure-function relationships in the renal NaCl cotransporter, and more. Provides the authority and expertise of leading contributors from an international board of authors Presents the latest release in the Current Topics in Membranes series Includes the latest information on membrane ion transporters

Cell Volume Regulation

Cell Volume Regulation
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 514
Release: 2018-09-20
ISBN: 0128154578
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cell Volume Regulation Book Excerpt:

Cell Volume Regulation and Fluid Secretion, Volume 81, the latest release in the Current Topics in Membranes series highlights new advances in the field, with this new volume presenting interesting chapters on General principles of cell volume regulation, Cell volume maintenance: water and salt homeostasis, The search for ubiquitous cell volume sensor: the role of plasma membrane and cytoplasmic hydrogel, More than membranes, Cellular and membrane biomechanics of CVR response, Molecular identities of volume-regulatory anion channels, Molecular biology and physiology of volume-regulated anion channel (VRAC), the Role of WNKs in the modulation of intracellular chloride, amongst other topics. Provides the authority and expertise of leading contributors from an international board of authors Presents the latest release in the Current Topics in Membranes series Includes the latest information on Cell Volume Regulation

Ion Transport Across Epithelial Tissues and Disease

Ion Transport Across Epithelial Tissues and Disease
Author: Kirk L. Hamilton,Daniel C. Devor
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 382
Release: 2020-12-12
ISBN: 3030553108
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ion Transport Across Epithelial Tissues and Disease Book Excerpt:

This book discusses the unique ion channels and transporters found within the epithelial tissues of various organs, including the kidney, intestine, pancreas and respiratory tract. Authors focus on demonstrating the crucial roles that each of these channels and transporters play in transepithelial ion and fluid transport across epithelia, as well as in maintaining homeostasis. It allows readers to gain an understanding of the fundamentals of ion transport, in terms of function, modelling, regulation, trafficking, structure and pharmacology. This is the second of three volumes highlighting the importance of epithelial ion channels and transporters in basic physiology and pathophysiology of human diseases. This volume focuses on a wide array of epithelial tissues and the use of organoids to study epithelial function. Furthermore, clinical researchers and basic scientists from various fields provide a medical perspective on the physiology of a number of tissues and organs of the body including the pancreas, intestine, sweat glands, mammary gland, inner ear epithelia, retinal pigment epithelia of the eye, choroid plexus, and the ectodermal epithelia in dental enamel formation. This volume aims to ‘round out’ the reader’s journey from basic science to the laboratory bench and clinical management of molecular diseases, making Volume 2 a must-read for students and scientists in the field of physiology, as well as for clinicians.

Optogenetics

Optogenetics
Author: Hiromu Yawo,Hideki Kandori,Amane Koizumi
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 409
Release: 2015-06-05
ISBN: 4431555161
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Optogenetics Book Excerpt:

The subject of optogenetics is comprehensively covered in this book, including physical, chemical, and biological topics of light-sensing proteins and their application in biological systems, particularly in neuroscience and medicine and the related opto-electronics. Optogenetics is a new technology that combines genetics and optics. It enables one to manipulate or measure the function of identified cells or neurons in a tissue by light with an accuracy in the range of milliseconds, even in a freely moving animal. Optogenetics has already become a powerful tool for revealing the neural mechanisms underlying behavior and analyzing various physiological phenomena. It is also expected to become useful for treating neural dysfunctions such as Parkinson disease and for the development of a brain–machine interface. This book should be read by any scientist or student performing research in any way related to optogenetics. As a milestone publication on optogenetics, this book will serve as a compass for any researcher, from beginners to experts, to explore this uncharted world.

Advanced Time Correlated Single Photon Counting Applications

Advanced Time Correlated Single Photon Counting Applications
Author: Wolfgang Becker
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 624
Release: 2015-04-13
ISBN: 3319149296
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced Time Correlated Single Photon Counting Applications Book Excerpt:

This book is an attempt to bridge the gap between the instrumental principles of multi-dimensional time-correlated single photon counting (TCSPC) and typical applications of the technique. Written by an originator of the technique and by sucessful users, it covers the basic principles of the technique, its interaction with optical imaging methods and its application to a wide range of experimental tasks in life sciences and clinical research. The book is recommended for all users of time-resolved detection techniques in biology, bio-chemistry, spectroscopy of live systems, live cell microscopy, clinical imaging, spectroscopy of single molecules, and other applications that require the detection of low-level light signals at single-photon sensitivity and picosecond time resolution.

Encyclopedia of the Neurological Sciences

Encyclopedia of the Neurological Sciences
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 4740
Release: 2014-04-29
ISBN: 0123851580
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of the Neurological Sciences Book Excerpt:

The Encyclopedia of the Neurological Sciences, Second Edition develops from the first edition, covering all areas of neurological sciences through over 1000 entries focused on a wide variety of topics in neurology, neurosurgery, psychiatry and other related areas of neuroscience. The contributing authors represent all aspects of neurology from many viewpoints and disciplines to provide a complete overview of the field. Entries are designed to be understandable without detailed background knowledge in the subject matter, and cross-referencing and suggested further reading lead the reader from a basic knowledge of the subject to more advanced understanding. The easy-to-use 'encyclopedic-dictionary' format of the Encyclopedia of the Neurological Sciences, Second Edition features alphabetic entries, extensive cross-referencing, and a thorough index for quick reference. The wealth of information provided by these four volumes makes this reference work a trusted source of valuable information for a wide range of researchers, from undergraduate students to academic researchers. Provides comprehensive coverage of the field of neurological science in over 1,000 entries in 4 volumes "Encyclopedic-dictionary" format provides for concise, readable entries and easy searching Presents complete, up-to-date information on 32 separate areas of neurology Entries are supplemented with extensive cross-referencing, useful references to primary research articles, and an extensive index

The Oxford Handbook of the Neurobiology of Pain

The Oxford Handbook of the Neurobiology of Pain
Author: Professor John N. Wood
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 512
Release: 2020-06-17
ISBN: 0190860510
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of the Neurobiology of Pain Book Excerpt:

The Oxford Handbook of the Neurobiology of Pain represents a state of the art overview of the rapidly developing field of pain research. As populations age, the number of people in pain is growing dramatically, with half the population living with pain. The opioid crisis has highlighted this problem. The present volume is thus very timely, providing expert overviews of many complex topics in pain research that are likely to be of interest not just to pain researchers, but also to pain clinicians who are seeking new therapeutic opportunities to develop analgesics. Many of the topics covered are of interest to neuroscientists, as pain is one of the most amenable sensations for mechanistic dissection. The present volume covers all aspects of the topic, from a history of pain through invertebrate model systems to the human genetics of pain and functional imaging. Chapters include the role of ion channels, the opioid system, the immune and sympathetic systems, as well as the mechanisms that transform acute to chronic pain. Migraine and the interplay between sleep and pain are also discussed. New technology in the form of transgenic animals, chemogenetics, optogenetics, and proteomic analyses are providing significant advances in our research and are covered as well. Demystifying pain through an understanding of its fundamental biology, as outlined in this volume, is the most direct route to ameliorating this vast human problem.

Brain Neurotrauma

Brain Neurotrauma
Author: Firas H. Kobeissy
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 725
Release: 2015-02-25
ISBN: 1466565993
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Brain Neurotrauma Book Excerpt:

Every year, an estimated 1.7 million Americans sustain brain injury. Long-term disabilities impact nearly half of moderate brain injury survivors and nearly 50,000 of these cases result in death. Brain Neurotrauma: Molecular, Neuropsychological, and Rehabilitation Aspects provides a comprehensive and up-to-date account on the latest developments in the area of neurotrauma, including brain injury pathophysiology, biomarker research, experimental models of CNS injury, diagnostic methods, and neurotherapeutic interventions as well as neurorehabilitation strategies in the field of neurotraum research. The book includes several sections on neurotrauma mechanisms, biomarker discovery, neurocognitive/neurobehavioral deficits, and neurorehabilitation and treatment approaches. It also contains a section devoted to models of mild CNS injury, including blast and sport-related injuries. Over the last decade, the field of neurotrauma has witnessed significant advances, especially at the molecular, cellular, and behavioral levels. This progress is largely due to the introduction of novel techniques, as well as the development of new animal models of central nervous system (CNS) injury. This book, with its diverse coherent content, gives you insight into the diverse and heterogeneous aspects of CNS pathology and/or rehabilitation needs.

Basic Epithelial Ion Transport Principles and Function

Basic Epithelial Ion Transport Principles and Function
Author: Kirk L. Hamilton,Daniel C. Devor
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 563
Release: 2020-11-26
ISBN: 3030527808
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Basic Epithelial Ion Transport Principles and Function Book Excerpt:

This book discusses unique ion channels and transporters that are located within epithelial tissues of various organs including the kidney, intestine, pancreas and respiratory tract. As the authors show, these channels and transporters play crucial roles in transepithelial ion and fluid transport across epithelia and their contribution to maintaining homeostasis. Readers will be introduced to the fundamentals of ion transport in terms of function, modelling, regulation, structure and pharmacology. This is the first of three volumes highlighting the importance of epithelial ion channels and transporters in basic physiology and pathophysiology of human diseases. This volume focuses on basic fundamentals of epithelial transport physiology. There is a range of chapters dedicated to specific aspects of epithelial ion transport and cell function. Accordingly, the authors discuss techniques used to determine epithelial function, principles of epithelia transport, polarization of epithelial cells, mathematical modelling of epithelial ion transport, protein folding of ion channels, degradation epithelial ion channels, fundamentals of epithelial sodium, potassium and chloride transport, fundamentals of bicarbonate secretion, volume regulation, and microRNA regulation of epithelial channels and transporters. Given its scope, Volume 1 offers a valuable resource for physiology students, scientists and clinicians alike.

Seldin and Giebisch s The Kidney

Seldin and Giebisch s The Kidney
Author: Robert J. Alpern,Michael J. Caplan,Orson W. Moe
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 3290
Release: 2012-12-31
ISBN: 0123814634
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Seldin and Giebisch s The Kidney Book Excerpt:

A classic nephrology reference for over 25years, Seldin and Giebisch’s The Kidney, is the acknowledged authority on renal physiology and pathophysiology. In this 5th edition, such new and powerful disciplines as genetics and cell biology have been deployed to deepen and widen further the explanatory framework. Not only have previous chapters been extensively updated, but new chapters have been added to incorporate additional disciplines. Individual chapters, for example, now provide detailed treatment of the significance of cilia; the role of stem cells is now given special consideration. Finally, there has been a significant expansion of the section of pathophysiology, incorporating the newer findings of cell biology and genetics. If you research the development of normal renal function or the mechanisms underlying renal disease, Seldin and Giebisch’s The Kidney is your number one source for information. Offers the most comprehensive coverage on the market of fluid and electrolyte regulation and dysregulation in 85 completely revised chapters and 10 new chapters Includes 4sections, 62 chapters, devoted to regulation and disorders of acid-base homeostasis, and epithelial and nonepithelial transport regulation Includes foreword by Donald Seldin and Gerhard Giebisch, world renowned names in nephrology and editors of the previous three editions

The Blood Brain Barrier in Health and Disease Volume One

The Blood Brain Barrier in Health and Disease  Volume One
Author: Katerina Dorovini-Zis
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 426
Release: 2015-06-23
ISBN: 1498727069
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Blood Brain Barrier in Health and Disease Volume One Book Excerpt:

Located at the interface between blood and the brain, the blood-brain barrier is a dynamic permeability barrier formed by a continuous layer of specialized endothelial cells endowed with important permeability, transport, and regulatory functions that both protect the internal milieu of the brain and allow essential nutrients to be transported into the brain. Over the last 25 years, we have witnessed remarkable expansion of our knowledge of the structure, biology, and function of the cerebral endothelium. In The Blood-Brain Barrier in Health and Disease, Volume 1, international experts discuss basic and new concepts and most recent advances pertaining to the development of the cerebral microvascular system. Subjects include the structure, function, permeability properties, transport mechanisms, and the inherent heterogeneity of the cerebral endothelium; the anatomy and physiological properties of the neurovascular unit; functional aspects of the choroid plexus; and important concepts and advances made over the last two decades that have shaped our understanding of the immunological function of the blood-brain barrier. This book is intended to serve as a valuable source of basic and advanced information for researchers, students, and clinicians interested in this fast-expanding field and stimulate further research well into the future.

XXVI Brazilian Congress on Biomedical Engineering

XXVI Brazilian Congress on Biomedical Engineering
Author: Rodrigo Costa-Felix,João Carlos Machado,André Victor Alvarenga
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 891
Release: 2019-05-15
ISBN: 9811325170
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

XXVI Brazilian Congress on Biomedical Engineering Book Excerpt:

This volume presents the proceedings of the Brazilian Congress on Biomedical Engineering (CBEB 2018). The conference was organised by the Brazilian Society on Biomedical Engineering (SBEB) and held in Armação de Buzios, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil from 21-25 October, 2018. Topics of the proceedings include these 11 tracks: • Bioengineering • Biomaterials, Tissue Engineering and Artificial Organs • Biomechanics and Rehabilitation • Biomedical Devices and Instrumentation • Biomedical Robotics, Assistive Technologies and Health Informatics • Clinical Engineering and Health Technology Assessment • Metrology, Standardization, Testing and Quality in Health • Biomedical Signal and Image Processing • Neural Engineering • Special Topics • Systems and Technologies for Therapy and Diagnosis

Practical Management of Pain E Book

Practical Management of Pain E Book
Author: Honorio MD Benzon,James P. Rathmell,Christopher L. Wu,Dennis C. Turk,Charles E. Argoff,Robert W Hurley
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 1520
Release: 2022-02-10
ISBN: 0323711022
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Practical Management of Pain E Book Book Excerpt:

For more than 30 years, Practical Management of Pain has offered expert guidance to both clinicians and trainees, covering every aspect of acute and chronic pain medicine for adult and pediatric patients. The fully revised 6th Edition brings you fully up to date with new developments in patient evaluation, diagnosis of pain syndromes, rationales for management, treatment modalities, and much more. Edited by a team of renowned pain clinicians led by Dr. Honorio Benzon, this authoritative reference is a comprehensive, practical resource for pain diagnosis and treatment using a variety of pharmacologic and physical modalities. Presents a wealth of information in a clearly written, easily accessible manner, enabling you to effectively assess and draw up an optimal treatment plan for patients with acute or chronic pain. Takes a practical, multidisciplinary approach, making key concepts and techniques easier to apply to everyday practice. Shares the knowledge and expertise of global contributors on all facets of pain management, from general principles to specific management techniques. Discusses the latest, best management techniques, including joint injections, ultrasound-guided therapies, and new pharmacologic agents such as topical analgesics. Covers recent global developments regarding opioid induced hyperalgesia, neuromodulation and pain management, and identification of specific targets for molecular based pain. Includes current information on the use of cannabinoids in pain management and related regulatory, professional, and legal considerations. Includes the latest guidelines on facet injections and safety of contrast agents. Provides new, evidence-based critical analysis on treatment modality outcomes and the latest information on chronic pain as a result of surgical interventions.

Research Awards Index

Research Awards Index
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1987
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Medicine
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Research Awards Index Book Excerpt:

The British National Bibliography

The British National Bibliography
Author: Arthur James Wells
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2009
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Bibliography, National
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The British National Bibliography Book Excerpt: