Picturing Genocide in the Independent State of Croatia

Picturing Genocide in the Independent State of Croatia
Author: Jovan Byford
Publsiher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2020-06-25
ISBN: 1350015989
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Picturing Genocide in the Independent State of Croatia Book Excerpt:

Picturing Genocide in the Independent State of Croatia examines the role which atrocity photographs played, and continue to play, in shaping the public memory of the Second World War in the countries of the former Yugoslavia. Focusing on visual representations of one of the most controversial and politically divisive episodes of the war -- genocidal violence perpetrated against Serbs, Jews, and Roma by the pro-Nazi Ustasha regime in the Independent State of Croatia (1941-1945) -- the book examines the origins, history and legacy of violent images. Notably, this book pays special attention to the politics of the atrocity photograph. It explores how images were strategically and selectively mobilized at different times, and by different memory communities and stakeholders, to do different things: justify retribution against political opponents in the immediate aftermath of the war, sustain the discourses of national unity on which socialist Yugoslavia was founded, or, in the post-communist era, prop-up different nationalist agendas, and 'frame' the Yugoslav wars of the 1990s. In exploring this hitherto neglected aspect of Yugoslav history and visual culture, Jovan Byford sheds important light on the intricate nexus of political, cultural and psychological factors which account for the enduring power of atrocity images to shape the collective memory of mass violence.

Picturing Genocide in the Independent State of Croatia

Picturing Genocide in the Independent State of Croatia
Author: Jovan Byford
Publsiher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2020-06-25
ISBN: 1350015970
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Picturing Genocide in the Independent State of Croatia Book Excerpt:

Picturing Genocide in the Independent State of Croatia examines the role which atrocity photographs played, and continue to play, in shaping the public memory of the Second World War in the countries of the former Yugoslavia. Focusing on visual representations of one of the most controversial and politically divisive episodes of the war -- genocidal violence perpetrated against Serbs, Jews, and Roma by the pro-Nazi Ustasha regime in the Independent State of Croatia (1941-1945) -- the book examines the origins, history and legacy of violent images. Notably, this book pays special attention to the politics of the atrocity photograph. It explores how images were strategically and selectively mobilized at different times, and by different memory communities and stakeholders, to do different things: justify retribution against political opponents in the immediate aftermath of the war, sustain the discourses of national unity on which socialist Yugoslavia was founded, or, in the post-communist era, prop-up different nationalist agendas, and 'frame' the Yugoslav wars of the 1990s. In exploring this hitherto neglected aspect of Yugoslav history and visual culture, Jovan Byford sheds important light on the intricate nexus of political, cultural and psychological factors which account for the enduring power of atrocity images to shape the collective memory of mass violence.

The Holocaust

The Holocaust
Author: Norman J.W. Goda
Publsiher: Taylor & Francis
Total Pages: 390
Release: 2022-05-03
ISBN: 0429839863
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Holocaust Book Excerpt:

The second edition of this book frames the Holocaust as a catastrophe emerging from varied international responses to the Jewish question during an age of global crisis and war. The chapters are arranged chronologically, thematically, and geographically, reflecting how persecution, responses, and experience varied over time and place, conveying a sense of the Holocaust’s complexity. Fully updated, this edition incorporates the past decade’s scholarship concerning perpetrators, victims, and bystanders from political, national, and gendered perspectives. It also frames the Holocaust within the broader genocide perspective and within current debates on memory politics and causation. Global in approach and supported by images, maps, diverse voices, and suggestions for further reading, this is the ideal textbook for students of this catastrophic period in world history.

Second World War British Military Camouflage

Second World War British Military Camouflage
Author: Isla Forsyth
Publsiher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2017-03-09
ISBN: 1474222617
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Second World War British Military Camouflage Book Excerpt:

Second World War British Military Camouflage offers an original approach to the cultures and geographies of military conflict, through a study of the history of camouflage. Isla Forsyth narrates the scientific biography of Dr Hugh Cott (1900-1987), eminent zoologist and artist turned camoufleur, and entwines this with the lives of other camouflage practitioners, to trace the sites of camouflage's developments. Moving through the scientists' fieldsite, the committee boardroom, the military training site and the soldiers' battlefield, this book uncovers the history of this ambiguous military invention, and subverts a long-dominant narrative of camouflage as solely a protective technology. This study demonstrates that, as camouflage transformed battlefields into unsettling theatres of war, there were lasting consequences not only for military technology and knowledge, but also for the ethics of battle and the individuals enrolled in this process.

Women Warfare and Representation

Women  Warfare and Representation
Author: Emerald M. Archer
Publsiher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2017-07-13
ISBN: 1474238041
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Women Warfare and Representation Book Excerpt:

Women, Warfare and Representation considers the various ways the American servicewoman has been represented throughout the 20th century and how those representations impact the roles she is permitted to inhabit. While women have a relatively short history in the American military, the last century shows an evolution of women's direct participation in war despite the need to overcome societal sex-role expectations. The primary focus is on the American case, but Emerald Archer also introduces a comparative element, showing how women's integration in the military differs in other countries, including Great Britain, Canada and Israel. Adopting an interdisciplinary approach, the book draws on military history, theory and social psychology to offer a more complete and integrated history of women in the military and their representation in society.

Jewish Volunteers the International Brigades and the Spanish Civil War

Jewish Volunteers  the International Brigades and the Spanish Civil War
Author: Gerben Zaagsma
Publsiher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Total Pages: 264
Release: 2017-04-06
ISBN: 1472508459
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Jewish Volunteers the International Brigades and the Spanish Civil War Book Excerpt:

Jewish Volunteers, the International Brigades and the Spanish Civil War discusses the participation of volunteers of Jewish descent in the International Brigades during the Spanish Civil War, focusing particularly on the establishment of the Naftali Botwin Company, a Jewish military unit that was created in the Polish Dombrowski Brigade. Gerben Zaagsma analyses the symbolic meaning of the participation of Jewish volunteers and the Botwin Company both during and after the civil war. He puts this participation in the broader context of Jewish involvement in the left and Jewish/non-Jewish relations in the communist movement and beyond. To this end, the book examines representations of Jewish volunteers in the Parisian Yiddish press (both communist and non-communist). In addition, it analyses the various ways in which Jewish volunteers and the Botwin Company have been commemorated after WWII, tracing how discourses about Jewish volunteers became decisively shaped by post-Holocaust debates on Jewish responses to fascism and Nazism, and discusses claims that Jewish volunteers can be seen as 'the first Jews to resist Hitler with arms'.

The Franco Algerian War through a Twenty First Century Lens

The Franco Algerian War through a Twenty First Century Lens
Author: Nicole Beth Wallenbrock
Publsiher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2020-02-20
ISBN: 1474262821
Category: Performing Arts
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Franco Algerian War through a Twenty First Century Lens Book Excerpt:

The Franco-Algerian War (1954–62) remains a powerful international symbol of Third Worldism and the finality of Empire. Through its nuanced analysis of the war's depiction in film, The Franco-Algerian War through a Twenty-First Century Lens locates an international reckoning with history that both condemns and exonerates past generations. Algerian and French production partnerships-such as Hors-la-loi, (Outside the Law, Rachid Bouchareb, 2010) and Loubia Hamra (Bloody Beans, Narimane Mari, 2013)-are one of several ways citizens collaborate to unearth a shared history and its legacy. Nicole Beth Wallenbrock probes cinematic discourse to shed new light on topics including: the media revelation of torture and atomic bomb tests; immigration's role in the evolution of the war's meaning; and the complex relationship of the intertwined film cultures. The first chapter summarizes the Franco-Algerian War in 20th-century film, thus grounding subsequent queries with Algeria's moudjahid or freedom-fighter films and the French new wave's perceived disinterest in the conflict. This book is an invaluable resource for scholars seeking to understand cinema's role in re-evaluating war and reconstructing international memory.

Exit from Communism

Exit from Communism
Author: Stephen Richards Graubard
Publsiher: Transaction Publishers
Total Pages: 292
Release: 1993-01-01
ISBN: 9781412823180
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Exit from Communism Book Excerpt:

Since 1989, it has been possible to review what has been published both at home and abroad on the communist states of Central and Eastern Europe and, no less importantly, on the Soviet Union itself, from a new perspective. Few have chosen to engage in this Herculean task, whether out of a residual civility in not wishing to mock certain aging scholars whose research would appear curiously dated, or out of a sense of fatigue with the whole subject of casting aspersions on mistaken views. A New Europe for the Old? asks whether the master narratives that circulated so widely in the West in the half-century since 1945 remain valid. Stephen Graubard's volume raises pertinent questions regarding the current state of the European world as it has evolved since 1989. He includes contributions from important scholars around the world: "A New Europe for the Old?" by Martin Malia; "The Serbs: The Sweet and Rotten Smell of History" by Tim Judah; "Illyrianism and the Croatian Quest for Statehood" by Marcus Tanner; "To Be or Not to Be Balkan: Romania's Quest for Self-Definition" by Tom Gallagher; "Ukraine: From an Imperial Periphery to Sovereign State" by Roman Szporlunk; "Ethnic Nationalism in the Russian Federation" by Anatoly M. Khazanov; "Im Osten viel Neues: Plenty of News from the Eastern Lnder" by Barbara Ischinger; "Discourse and (Dis)Integration in Europe: The Cases of France, Germany, and Great Britain" by Vivien A. Schmidt; "The European Debate on Citizenship" by Dominique Schnapper; "Has the Nation Died? The Debate Over Italy's Identity (and Future)" by Dario Biocca; and "Postwar Europe" by Arne Roth. A New Europe for the Old? provides greater sympathy for the complexity of societies, and argues for greater tolerance of those that are small, and that do not cast a long shadow in the world of today. In the twenty-first as in the twentieth century, they may be engines of change, both as a result of the disorder that they produce as well as the ways in which their values, however seemingly antiquated, survive and prosper, and not only in their native lands. This volume will intrigue historians and European studies scholars alike. Stephen R. Graubard is editor of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and its journal, Daedalus, and professor of humanities at Brown University.

Nationalism and the Politicization of History in the Former Yugoslavia

Nationalism and the Politicization of History in the Former Yugoslavia
Author: Gorana Ognjenovic,Jasna Jozelic
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 377
Release: 2021-05-01
ISBN: 3030658325
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nationalism and the Politicization of History in the Former Yugoslavia Book Excerpt:

​“This book is very timely: the instrumentalization of history for political goals has become a pressing issue and worrisome feature of many polities, to the point of challenging even the most consolidated democracies. Focusing on Yugoslavia’s fragile successor states, the authors explore plurifold analytical levels, including local, regional, transnational, European and global perspectives. The authors comprehensively demonstrate how politicizing history, in the postwar and postcommunist societies of what was once Yugoslavia, has prevented both reconciliation and democratization.” —Sabine Rutar, Leibniz Institute for East and Southeast European Studies, Germany “Ognjenovic and Jozelic focus here on the former Yugoslavia before and after its fragmentation to explore and evaluate the various uses of histories by nationalists, both those who promoted ‘federal nationalism’ and those who peddle specific local nationalisms in successor states. The book deals specifically with the Western Balkans, but these developments have their parallels in many other parts of the world, and the book will be useful well beyond the region on which the study is based.” —Paul Mojzes, Professor Emeritus, Rosemont College, USA “The former Yugoslavia has become a battlefield for the ‘Memory Wars’, in spite of the wealth of judicially established facts and available evidences gathered about the atrocities in the region, and various initiatives aimed at dealing with the past and efforts at transitional justice. Focusing on three periods of Yugoslav history – the Second World War, socialist Yugoslavia and the Yugoslav wars of 1991–2001 – the contributors show that despite these efforts to deal with the past, sustainable peace and reconciliation across ethnic and religious groups remain a distant aim.” —Marijana Toma, Center for Cultural Decontamination, Serbia This book analyzes how nationalists in the former Yugoslavia have politicized history to further their political agendas, retaining and prolonging conflict among different cultural and religious groups, and impeding the process of lasting reconciliation. It explores how narratives have been (mis)used, drawing on examples from all of the former Yugoslav republics. With contributors from a range of disciplinary backgrounds, it provides a vital assessment of how nationalists have attempted to (re)shape public collective memory and relativize facts.

God and the Fascists

God and the Fascists
Author: Karlheinz Deschner
Publsiher: Prometheus Books
Total Pages: 282
Release: 2013-10-08
ISBN: 1616148381
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

God and the Fascists Book Excerpt:

Now available in English for the first time, a controversial work that indicts the Vatican for its actions before and during World War II. In the decade preceding the outbreak of World War II, the Vatican made a devil's bargain with fascist leaders. Anticipating that their regimes would eliminate a common enemy--namely Marxist-Leninist communism--two popes essentially collaborated with Hitler, Mussolini, and the fascist dictators in Spain (Franco) and Croatia (Pavelić). This is the damning indictment of this well-researched polemic, which for almost five decades in Germany has sparked controversy, outrage, and furious debate. Now it is available in English for the first time. Many will dismiss Deschner--who himself was raised and educated in a pious Catholic tradition--as someone who is obsessed with exposing the failings of the church of his upbringing. But he has marshaled so many facts and presented them with such painstaking care that his accusations cannot easily be ignored. The sheer weight of the evidence that he has brought together in this book raises a host of questions about a powerful institution that continues to exercise political influence to this day.

Genocide of the Serbs Jews and Gipsies in the Ustashi Independent State of Croatia

Genocide of the Serbs  Jews and Gipsies in the Ustashi Independent State of Croatia
Author: Milan Bulajić
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 10
Release: 1991
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Croatia
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genocide of the Serbs Jews and Gipsies in the Ustashi Independent State of Croatia Book Excerpt:

The Visegrad Four and the Western Balkans

The Visegrad Four and the Western Balkans
Author: Adam Bence Balazs,Christina Griessler
Publsiher: Nomos Verlag
Total Pages: 306
Release: 2020-08-13
ISBN: 3748901135
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Visegrad Four and the Western Balkans Book Excerpt:

Der Westbalkan und die Visegrad-Gruppe sind zwei Makroregionen innerhalb eines größeren osteuropäischen Raums. Geografisch und historisch nahe beieinander weisen beide Regionen sowohl auf makroregionaler als auch auf nationaler Ebene vergleichbare Merkmale auf. Kommt man zur Frage der Identität, scheint die nationale Ebene jedoch unumstößlich: Politisch gesehen bedeutet Identität zuallererst nationale Identität. Die aus den Regionen stammenden AutorenInnen untersuchen, auf welche Weise das Gefühl der Zugehörigkeit zu einer Region die Unzulänglichkeiten und Blockaden der nationalen Identität überwinden könnte - oder auch nicht. Die Vielfalt der Fallstudien konzentriert sich auf Identitätsaspekte und deren politischen (Missbrauch) durch Akteure in den untersuchten Regionen. Mit Beiträgen von Adam Bence Balazs, Adam Balcer, Ladislav Cabada, Ondřej Daniel, Kinga Anna Gajda, Kamil Glinka, Christina Griessler, Adis Maksic, Jovana Mihajlović Trbovc, Ešref Kenan Rašidagić, Andrea Schmidt, Tamara Trošt, Robert Wiszniowski, Nikola Zečević.

Genocide in Yugoslavia

Genocide in Yugoslavia
Author: Smilja Avramov
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 536
Release: 1995
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Genocide
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genocide in Yugoslavia Book Excerpt:

Pt. 1 (pp. 15-134), "Genocide - an International Crime", presents a history of genocide from antiquity to the present and a history of the development of the judicial notion of genocide, and surveys socio-psychological and philosophical theories of genocide. Pt. 2 (pp. 137-438), "Genocide of the Serbs, Jews and Gypsies in Yugoslavia", focuses on the extermination of Serbs in the German-, Bulgarian- and Hungarian-occupied areas of Yugoslavia, especially in the puppet state of Croatia in 1941-44, but mentions also the genocide of Jews. Pp. 331-342, "The System of Concentration Camps", deal with Jasenovac and other concentration camps in Yugoslavia. Concentrates, essentially, on the perpetrators of genocide; contends that the guilt must be placed not only on Germany but also on Croatia and other forces.

Bibliography of Sources on the Region of Former Yugoslavia Volume III

Bibliography of Sources on the Region of Former Yugoslavia Volume III
Author: Rusko Matuli?
Publsiher: Xlibris Corporation
Total Pages: 348
Release: 2014-04
ISBN: 1493190784
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bibliography of Sources on the Region of Former Yugoslavia Volume III Book Excerpt:

Balkan Genocides

Balkan Genocides
Author: Paul Mojzes
Publsiher: Rowman & Littlefield
Total Pages: 299
Release: 2011
ISBN: 1442206632
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Balkan Genocides Book Excerpt:

Details the history of the three major waves of genocide and ethnic cleansing in the Balkan peninsula and Yugoslavia during the twentieth century.

Dramatis Personae and Finis of the Independent State of Croatia in American and British Documents

Dramatis Personae and Finis of the Independent State of Croatia in American and British Documents
Author: Ivo Omrcanin,Ivo Omrčanin
Publsiher: Dorrance Publishing Company
Total Pages: 196
Release: 1983
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Croatia
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Dramatis Personae and Finis of the Independent State of Croatia in American and British Documents Book Excerpt:

Yugoslavia Through Documents

Yugoslavia Through Documents
Author: Snežana Trifunovska
Publsiher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
Total Pages: 1
Release: 1994-01-01
ISBN: 9780792326700
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Yugoslavia Through Documents Book Excerpt:

This book contains more than 360 documents relevant to the international legal position of the Yugoslav territories in the 19th century, the creation of Yugoslavia as a common state of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, 1918, its constitutional development, and the process of dissolution of Yugoslavia and the creation of the new states of Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. It includes documents from the beginning of the 19th century showing the international legal position of the Yugoslav territories under the Austro-Hungarian and Ottoman Empires, the independence of Serbia and Montenegro, recognized by the Treaty of Berlin, 1878, and the major events in the history of the creation of Yugoslavia as a joint state of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, in 1918, concerning both its international position and its constitutional organization. The process of the dissolution of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (covering the period from 1990 to September 1, 1993) is presented through reproduced documents of international organizations (United Nations, European Community, Western European Union, Organization of Islamic Conference, etc.), of the different conferences and forums (CSCE, Group of Seven, etc.) and documents issued by Yugoslav organs and the organs of new states of the former Yugoslavia. The book also includes documents of a constitutional nature concerning the creation of the new states of Slovenia, Croatia, Macedonia and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. It provides researchers in the field of international law, political science of history with documentary information involving international legal and constitutional aspects relating to Yugoslavia.

Dynamics of Memory and Identity in Contemporary Europe

Dynamics of Memory and Identity in Contemporary Europe
Author: Eric Langenbacher,Bill Niven,Ruth Wittlinger
Publsiher: Berghahn Books
Total Pages: 248
Release: 2013-03-30
ISBN: 0857455818
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Dynamics of Memory and Identity in Contemporary Europe Book Excerpt:

The collapse of the Iron Curtain, the renationalization of eastern Europe, and the simultaneous eastward expansion of the European Union have all impacted the way the past is remembered in today's eastern Europe. At the same time, in recent years, the Europeanization of Holocaust memory and a growing sense of the need to stage a more "self-critical" memory has significantly changed the way in which western Europe commemorates and memorializes the past. The increasing dissatisfaction among scholars with the blanket, undifferentiated use of the term "collective memory" is evolving in new directions. This volume brings the tension into focus while addressing the state of memory theory itself.

The Social Construction of Man the State and War

The Social Construction of Man  the State and War
Author: Franke Wilmer
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 368
Release: 2004-04-16
ISBN: 1135956227
Category: History
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Social Construction of Man the State and War Book Excerpt:

The Social Construction of Man, the State, and War is the fist book on conflict in the former Yugoslavia to look seriously at the issue of ethnic identity, rather than treating it as a given, an unquestionable variable. Combining detailed analysis with a close reading of historical narratives, documentary evidence, and first-hand interviews conducted in the former Yugoslavia, Wilmer sheds new light on how ethnic identity is constructed, and what that means for the future of peace and sovereignty throughout the world.

Multidisciplinary Perspectives on Peace and Conflict Research

Multidisciplinary Perspectives on Peace and Conflict Research
Author: Francisco Ferrándiz,Antonius C. G. M. Robben
Publsiher: Universidad de Deusto
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2007-01-01
ISBN: 8498305209
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Multidisciplinary Perspectives on Peace and Conflict Research Book Excerpt:

This book represents the scholarly work of the network «European Doctorate Enhancement in Peace and Conflict Studies» (EDEN), a broad training and research network linking scholars, departments and universities interested in thinking and rethinking proposals, concepts and methodologies for the expanding field of Peace and Conflict Studies from different disciplines such as law, history, sociology, anthropology, international relations, and political science. The Network has been functioning since the year 1996 and aims mainly to develop the level and quality of the discussion, to enhance the collaboration and coordination within the European academic community —encompassing the diversity of theoretical approaches in the area—, to promote intellectual understanding, and to create an appropriate institutional infrastructure and consistent financial support for academic research. The Network has also been consistently fostering the exchange and mobility of graduate students through summer Intensive Programmes and Marie Curie Fellowships so as to develop a critical mass of inter-disciplinary comparative research expertise, providing access to tutorials, methodology courses, and significant human and practical resources for a better understanding of research questions, conceptual debates, and methodological challenges. The final purpose of the network is to generate sustained debate and exchange among policy makers, NGO's, media professionals and academics, in order to facilitate a scholarly dialogue and ongoing feedback between research, knowledge dissemination and policy.