Democracy Within Parties

Author by : Reuven Y. Hazan
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
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Description : This text presents a new approach to understanding political parties. It sheds light on the inner dynamics of party politics and offers a comprehensive analysis of one of the most important processes any party undertakes, its process of candidate selection.


The Selection Of Politicians In Times Of Crisis

Author by : Xavier Coller
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 86
Total Download : 384
File Size : 49,7 Mb
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Description : Selecting candidates for elections is a major goal of political parties and a major function of political regimes in democratic systems. With the negative effects of the economic crisis being seen to translate into changes in voting patterns, and citizens using elections to punish parties in government for their roles in economic mismanagement or lack of response to the global economic crisis, a broad examination is required. This book is presented as the first comparative study of the effects of the political crisis on candidate selection covering a large number of countries. Using an integrated framework and unified strategy, it examines how new relevant political actors are really implementing participative ways of candidate selection, whether they are being innovative in their political environments and the extent to which traditionally mainstream parties are changing selection procedures to have more open and inclusive mechanisms as part of internal, or intra-party, democracy. The book illuminates these issues through empirically driven chapters explaining changes in the way candidates for parliaments are selected in countries where new parties have emerged and consolidated, or where traditional mainstream parties have adopted new mechanisms of selection affecting (if not challenging) traditional politics. Additionally, therefore, this work will serve as a response to some current debates in the discipline on the consequences of the democratization of party life, relating political participation and representation. This text will be of key interest to scholars and students of political parties, organizational change, social and political elites and more broadly to comparative politics and sociology.


Candidate Selection In Comparative Perspective

Author by : Marsh, Michael, Ph. D
Languange : en
Publisher by : SAGE Publications Limited
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 36
Total Download : 628
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Description : This book examines candidate selection in nine liberal democracies -- Belgium, Britain, France, West Germany, Ireland, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands and Norway. It describes the methods by which parties select their candidates; analyses the factors which influence the form of selection used; and considers the consequences of candidate selection. The book concludes with an overall assessment of the role of candidate selection in the political process. It questions whether proportional representation necessarily entails centralized candidate selection; whether parties of the Left tend to be more centralized than parties of the Right; and whether different types of candidate selection have distinct consequences for the behaviour of deputies.


Political Candidate Selection

Author by : Jeanette Ashe
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 15
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File Size : 53,7 Mb
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Description : The "secret garden of politics", where some win and others lose their candidate selection bids, and why some aspirant candidates are successful while others fail have been enduring puzzles within political science. This book solves this puzzle by proposing and applying a universally applicable multistage approach to discover the relationship between selection rules, selectors’ biases, aspirants’ attributes, and selection outcomes. Rare party and survey data on winning and losing candidates and insider views on what it takes to win a selection contest at multiple selection stages are compared and used to reveal the inner workings of the secret garden. With a primary focus on the British Labour party over several elections, the findings challenge many long-held assumptions about why some aspirant candidate types are successful over others and provides real-world and controversial solutions to addressing women’s and other marginalised groups’ descriptive underrepresentation. As such, it provides a much-needed fresh look at party selection processes and draws new conclusions as to why political underrepresentation occurs and should inform policies to remedy it. This text will be of key interest to scholars and students of gender and ethnicity in politics, political parties and candidate selection, and more broadly to the study of political elites, comparative politics, sociology, labour studies, gender, race, and disability studies, and to practitioners.


Democratizing Candidate Selection

Author by : Guillermo Cordero
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 43
Total Download : 573
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Description : This book studies the challenges to conventional politics posed by new ways of selecting candidates for legislative elections. The recent economic crisis had profound political consequences on politics, generating an upsurge in the demand for more participative ways of decision-making in politics channelled through social movements and individuals in different countries. Some parties have reacted by introducing changes in their internal organization (via intra-party democracy), particularly related to the selection of candidates for public office. This volume explores the trends and challenges of these new methods of selection, analyses how the internet is increasingly being used as a selection tool, and evaluates some of the relevant consequences related to political representation, party cohesion and party centralization, among others.


Quotas For Women In Politics

Author by : Mona Lena Krook
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 70
Total Download : 357
File Size : 40,5 Mb
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Description : In recent years, political parties and national legislatures in more than one hundred countries have adopted quotas for the selection of female candidates to political office. Despite the rapid international diffusion of these measures, most research has focused on single countries - or, at most, the presence of quotas within one world region. Consequently, explanations for the adoption and impact of gender quotas derived from one study often contradict with findings from other cases. Quotas for Women in Politics is the first book to address quotas as a global phenomenon to explain their spread and impact in diverse contexts around the world. It is organized around two sets of questions. First, why are quotas adopted? Which actors are involved in quota campaigns, and why do they support or oppose quota measures? Second, what effects do quotas have on existing patterns of political representation? Are these provisions sufficient for bringing more women into politics? Or, does their impact depend on other features of the broader political context? Synthesizing literature on quota policies, this book develops a framework for analyzing the spread of quota provisions and the reasons for variations in their effects. It then applies this framework to examine and compare campaigns for reserved seats in Pakistan and India, party quotas in Sweden and the United Kingdom, and legislative quotas in Argentina and France.


New Paths For Selecting Political Elites

Author by : Giulia Sandri
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 71
Total Download : 396
File Size : 42,8 Mb
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Description : This book provides a cross-country study of the consequences of the expansion of intra-party democracy, the trend towards more inclusive methods of selection for party candidates and leaders, and the impact of these on political elites in terms of sociopolitical profile and patterns of careers. It explores the link between political organizations and political elites, by studying the role of parties in parliamentary and political selection and its impact on the political leadership appointed. Putting an emphasis on primary elections, it analyses the party elites that emerge from those selection processes and those democratized organizational settings. It focuses not only on the analysis of the processes through which party elites are selected and the consequences at the level of the party but also at the level of party elites themselves, i.e. what impact party primaries have on the characteristics parties’ candidates and leaders. The book offers a theoretical, comparative, and empirical account of the internal electoral processes of parties and their impact on political recruitment. This book will be of key interest to scholars and students of political elites, political parties and party systems, electoral politics, democracy, populism, and leadership, and more broadly to comparative politics.


Parties Gender Quotas And Candidate Selection In France

Author by : R. Murray
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 96
Total Download : 943
File Size : 50,9 Mb
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Description : Gender quotas are a growing worldwide phenomenon, yet their variable implementation remains under-researched. Using the prominent case study of France this book approaches quotas from the perspective of the key actors responsible for them – political parties.


Pathways To Power

Author by : Peter M. Siavelis
Languange : en
Publisher by : Penn State Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 41
Total Download : 984
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Description : "A cross-national analysis of political recruitment and candidate selection in six Latin American countries: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Uruguay. Provides typology and theoretical insights for other countries in the region and around the world"--Provided by publisher.


Electoral Competition Party Politics And Candidate Selection In Mexico

Author by : Sergio J. Ascencio Bonfil
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 21
Total Download : 157
File Size : 48,8 Mb
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Description : "Over recent decades, an increasing number of political parties across the world have adopted primary elections to nominate their candidates to all types of offices. Neither the party leaders' motivations to democratize candidate selection nor the consequences of this transformation are well understood, particularly in developing democracies, where electoral competition tends to be clientelistic and not programmatic. The first chapter of this dissertation examines the theoretical puzzle of why party leaders adopt primary elections, while the latter two chapters study the electoral consequences of the introduction of primaries. All chapters use original datasets on candidate selection in Mexico. The first chapter develops a theory to explain why party leaders voluntarily relinquish control over candidate selection and allow the use of primaries. The theory links the adoption of primaries to a common feature of electoral politics in developing democracies--the weakness of politicians' attachments towards parties. Using a formal model, I show that under certain conditions party leaders can benefit from fostering intraparty competition in order to keep potential defectors from leaving the party. The main result shows that only parties that are electorally strong ex ante can use primaries to prevent defections. The mechanism driving this result is that an officeseeker would only stay in a party that makes her compete for a nomination if the value of winning this party's ticket is sufficiently high. Therefore, in contrast to an extensive literature that links the use of primaries to electorally weak parties, this model posits the existence of a positive relationship between the use of primaries and a party's electoral strength. Evidence from legislative candidate selection in Mexico provides extensive support for the theory. In the second chapter, I show that primaries can increase political participation in general-election campaigns by shaping the candidates' incentives to invest resources into mobilizing the electorate. I construct a decisiontheoretic model in which, in contrast to traditional models, electoral mobilization is only possible after a candidate has paid the costs of building a campaign organization or "electoral machine." Whereas candidates selected in primaries are likely to reach the general-election stage with a machine in place, other candidates choose to build one only if the general election is expected to be competitive. The main result is that primary-nominated candidates should spend more resources into electoral mobilization than those nominated through other rules only in races that are not expected to be close. Using data from Mexican elections, I find that primaries have a positive effect on mobilization in patterns that are consistent with the model. The last chapter presents a framework for the study of presidential primaries in clientelistic settings. A key feature of presidential primaries is that candidates do not have electoral machines of their own at the national level. Therefore, in this type of races candidates focus their efforts on getting the support of local party elites, who do have the organizational capacity to mobilize primary voters in their regions. Since local party elites who hold office should have more effective electoral machines, I expect participation in primaries to be driven, to a large extent, by the mobilizational efforts of party officeholders. This claim is examined using an original dataset from a presidential primary of the Mexican Partido Accin̤ Nacional (PAN), in which one of the candidates was very closely linked to the PAN leadership. I find that both turnout and the levels of support for this candidate were higher in places with PAN officeholders. Additional evidence, including results from a regression-discontinuity design, suggests that these correlations can be attributed to PAN officeholders influencing primary results"--Pages xii-xiv.


Re Selecting Members Of The European Parliament

Author by : Elena Frech
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
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Total Read : 12
Total Download : 795
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Description : Elena Frech addresses the issue of candidate (re-)selection for the European elections. Studying German parties, the author investigates both, the rules and practice of candidate selection. The study is one of the first to shed light on the goals political parties pursue when selecting candidates in the European context. First, the author provides a detailed account of the formal and informal procedures German parties use to construct the electoral lists for the European elections. Then she turns towards the individual candidates, showing which factors determine the list placement of incumbent parliamentarians. The findings highlight the importance of individual candidate characteristics as well as party institutions and are of interest not only to scientists but also to parties, politicians, and citizens.


How German Parties Select Candidates Of Immigrant Origin

Author by : Sara Ceyhan
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Nature
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 11
Total Download : 432
File Size : 45,7 Mb
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Description : This book analyzes the threshold candidates of immigrant background need to overcome to run for legislative office. Understanding whether political parties are able to adapt their selection criteria helps to assess their ability to respond to the underrepresentation of citizens of immigrant origin in parliament. Although Germany's ethnic diversity is on a steady rise, citizens of immigrant origin remain descriptively underrepresented. Despite the pivotal role the intra-party candidate selection plays in shaping who runs for election, the question of how candidates of immigrant background fare in political parties' candidate selection in comparison to native-born candidates remained a blind spot of research. Therefore, the author presents in-depth empirical evidence on the selection of candidates of immigrant background in German political parties. The book addresses scholars of political science interested in electoral studies as well as policy-makers and party officials interested in a balanced representation of their political representatives.


Do Parties Still Represent

Author by : Knut Heidar
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 99
Total Download : 673
File Size : 54,7 Mb
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Description : This book examines the representativeness of party membership and analyses the potential consequences of changing representativeness. Parties with high membership ratios, as well as those experiencing severe decline, are compared and examined across countries with varying constitutional arrangements and party systems. The book discusses whether changing representative capacities lead to declining political representation of (group) interests, less representative party candidate selection processes and declining legitimacy for the political system. The book bridges two subareas that are usually not in conversation with each other: literature on the decline of party membership and that on group representation (gender, ethnic minorities and other social groups). This text will be of key interest to students and scholars of party politics, political parties, representation and elections, and more broadly to people interested in European and comparative politics.


Democracy Within Parties

Author by : Reuven Y. Hazan
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 54
Total Download : 622
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Description :


Selecting Women Electing Women

Author by : Magda Hinojosa
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 83
Total Download : 352
File Size : 53,8 Mb
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Description : Selecting Women, Electing Women is a groundbreaking book that examines how the rules for candidate selection affect women's political representation in Latin America. Magda Hinojosa tests the effects of selection procedures on women's representation and offers a thoroughly researched account of women's political participation in Chile and Mexico. Hinojosa presents counterintuitive assumptions about factors that promote the election of women. She insists that primaries-which are regularly thought of as the most "democratic" process for choosing candidates-actually produce fewer female nominees than centralized and seemingly exclusionary candidate selection procedures. Hinojosa astutely points out the role of candidate selection processes in explaining variation in women's representation that exists both across and within political parties. Selecting Women, Electing Women makes critical inroads to the study of gender and politics, candidate selection, and Latin American politics.


Parliamentary Candidates Between Voters And Parties

Author by : Lieven De Winter
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 19
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Description : This book offers the first comprehensive, comparative and coherent perspective on parliamentary candidates in contemporary representative democracy. Based on the unique database of the ‘Comparative Candidate Survey' project which interrogated parliamentary candidates in more than 30 countries, it fills a significant lacuna by focusing on the thousands of ordinary candidates that participate in national elections. It examines who the candidates are in terms of their socio-demographic background and political career patterns, how they were selected by their parties, what their policy preference are and whether these are congruent to those held by their voters, who they seek to represent and how they intend to do so once elected, and what their visions are on representative democracy and party government. Last but not least, it investigates how they go about reaching out to their potential voters during the election campaign. This book will be of key interest to scholars and students of political parties and party politics, political elites, political communication, political participation, elections, theories of democracy and representation, legislative studies, voting behaviour and more broadly to European politics, as well as to political and policy professionals throughout Europe.


How To Make Wise Political Choices Ii

Author by : Mister Cliff
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 93
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Description : A simple, data-driven method designed for the "values" voter. Includes 40 copies of a simple, easy-to-use form that helps you choose the political candidate who is most committed to your most important values, i.e. Faith, Patriotism, Honesty Integrity, etc. Durable glossy cover to withstand heavy use.


Candidates Parties And Voters In The Belgian Partitocracy

Author by : Audrey Vandeleene
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 81
Total Download : 163
File Size : 46,6 Mb
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Description : This book focuses on the triadic relationship between electoral candidates and the two other poles of the delegation and accountability triangle—political parties and voters. The chapters rely mostly on the Belgian Candidate Survey (CCS project), gathering about 2000 candidates belonging to 15 parties represented in Parliament and running for the 2014 federal and regional elections, and the authors’ conclusions serve at answering broad political science questions linked with elite recruitment, party and candidate electoral strategies, personalisation, party cohesion, and descriptive and substantive representation. Its multilevel semi-open electoral system, atypical federal structure, extreme party system fragmentation and volatility make Belgium an exceptionally rich but complex case that offers findings highly relevant to research on candidates in other democracies.


Candidate Selection In Belgium

Author by : Jeffrey L. Obler
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 71
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Description :


Party Sovereignty And Citizen Control

Author by : Hanne Marthe Narud
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 66
Total Download : 296
File Size : 44,6 Mb
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Description : The process by which candidates for election are being screened and selected is among the least understood and researched political phenomena, even though this process is so closely linked to the power structure within political parties. In this book, nomination processes in four Nordic countries are analyzed and evaluated as instruments of democracy. The authors compare institutions, procedures and unwritten norms. The book in particular addresses questions about the citizens' ability to influence the nomination processes. The process is not only modeled in traditional terms of representation, but also as a principal-agent relationship.


Gender Quotas And Women S Representation

Author by : Mona Lena Krook
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 96
Total Download : 142
File Size : 42,7 Mb
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Description : Electoral gender quotas have emerged as one of the most critical political reforms of the last two decades, having now been introduced in more than 130 countries worldwide. The recent and global nature of these developments has sparked both scholarly and popular interest in the in which these quotas are designed, as well as their origins and effects. This volume seeks to expand these existing agendas to forge new directions in research on gender quotas and political representation. The topics considered include new paths to adoption, as well as – in the wake of quota introduction – changes in the dynamics of candidate selection, the status and role of women in legislative institutions, and the impact that women have on policy-making. Expanding the scope of quota studies, the contributions also address trends in different political parties and different levels of government, the effectiveness of quotas in democratic and non-democratic settings, and whether there might be non-quota mechanisms that could be pursued together with, or in lieu of, gender quotas in order to increase women’s political representation. This book was originally published as a special issue of Representation.


The Heart And Soul Of The Party

Author by : Magnus Öhman
Languange : en
Publisher by : Uppsala Universitet
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Description : "This is a Ph.D. dissertation. Although most countries south of the Sahara introduced multiparty systems more than a decade ago, much remains to be understood about the political parties active within these systems. General statements about African parties are common, but tend to lack support from systematic research. Among the least studied areas is African party organization - including such issues as how parties function and who decides what. One useful way of studying the power dynamics within political parties is to analyze how parliamentary candidates are selected. While a common theme in party research in established democracies, this is the first systematic study of the subject in Africa. This book analyzes the selection system used in recent elections in 31 parties in 17 African countries, while a closer study of Ghana offers more detailed information. It is found that the selection process in many political parties is significantly more decentralized than general theories about African parties would suggest. In sharp contrast to arguments about the stability of African elites, incumbent Members of Parliament are often very vulnerable to challenges from other aspirants in their parties. It is argued that the logic of clientelism plays an important role in explaining these findings."


Race And Political Recruitment

Author by : Shamit Saggar
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Total Read : 20
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An Experiment In Candidate Selection

Author by : Katherine Elizabeth Casey
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 37
Total Download : 750
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Description : Are ordinary citizens or political party leaders better positioned to select candidates? While the direct vote primary system in the United States lets citizens choose, it is exceptional, as the vast majority of democracies rely instead on party officials to appoint or nominate candidates. Theoretically, the consequences of these distinct design choices on the selectivity of the overall electoral system are unclear: while party leaders may be better informed about candidate qualifications, they may value traits -- like party loyalty or willingness to pay for the nomination -- at odds with identifying the best performer. To make progress on this question, we partnered with both major political parties in Sierra Leone to experimentally vary how much say ordinary voters, as opposed to party officials, have in selecting Parliamentary candidates. We find evidence that more democratic selection procedures increase the likelihood that parties select the candidate most preferred by voters, favor candidates with stronger records of local public goods provision, and alter the allocation of payments from potential candidates to party officials.


Research Handbook On Political Representation

Author by : Maurizio Cotta
Languange : en
Publisher by : Edward Elgar Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 43
Total Download : 190
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Description : At a time when political representation can be said to be facing its ultimate crisis, this crucial work clarifies the terms of the debate, providing an up-to date analysis of the main conceptual and institutional controversies that have arisen surrounding this topic. Written by leading scholars in the field, contributions focus on how representation is conceptualised and its relation to democracy.