Political Choices and Electoral Consequences

Political Choices and Electoral Consequences
Author: Keith Archer,Professor of Political Science and Interim Vice-President (Research) Keith Archer
Publsiher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
Total Pages: 114
Release: 1990
ISBN: 9780773507449
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Political Choices and Electoral Consequences Book Excerpt:

The creation of the NDP out of the CCF in 1961 was intended to strengthen Canada's left-wing political party through a closer alliance with organized labour. This strength has failed to materialize. In Political Choices and Electoral Consequences, Keith Archer reveals why.

Electoral Engineering

Electoral Engineering
Author: Pippa Norris,McGuire Lecturer in Comparative Politics Pippa Norris
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 375
Release: 2004-02-09
ISBN: 9780521536714
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Electoral Engineering Book Excerpt:

From Kosovo to Kabul, the last decade witnessed growing interest in ?electoral engineering?. Reformers have sought to achieve either greater government accountability through majoritarian arrangements or wider parliamentary diversity through proportional formula. Underlying the normative debates are important claims about the impact and consequences of electoral reform for political representation and voting behavior. The study compares and evaluates two broad schools of thought, each offering contracting expectations. One popular approach claims that formal rules define electoral incentives facing parties, politicians and citizens. By changing these rules, rational choice institutionalism claims that we have the capacity to shape political behavior. Alternative cultural modernization theories differ in their emphasis on the primary motors driving human behavior, their expectations about the pace of change, and also their assumptions about the ability of formal institutional rules to alter, rather than adapt to, deeply embedded and habitual social norms and patterns of human behavior.

Democracy within Parties

Democracy within Parties
Author: Reuven Y. Hazan,Gideon Rahat
Publsiher: OUP Oxford
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2010-07-01
ISBN: 0191591440
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Democracy within Parties Book Excerpt:

Can too much participation harm democracy? Democratic theory places great importance upon the conduct of elections, but it is not often recognized that the electoral game takes place in two arenas, not only between parties but also within them. This pioneering book presents a new approach to understanding political parties. It sheds light on the inner dynamics of party politics and offers the first comprehensive analysis of one of the most important processes any party undertakes - its process of candidate selection. Candidate selection methods are the mechanisms by which a party chooses its candidates for the general elections. It may be the function that separates parties from other organizations. For such an important function, this field has certainly faced a dearth of serious investigation. Hazan and Rahat, the leading scholars on this topic, conduct an in-depth analysis of the consequences of different candidate selection methods on democracy. This book is a culmination of almost two decades of research and defines the field of candidate selection. Part I of the book delineates candidate selection methods based on four major dimensions: candidacy; the selectorate; decentralization; and voting versus appointment systems. Part II analyses the political consequences of using different candidate selection methods according to four important aspects of democracy: participation; representation; competition; and responsiveness. The book ends with a proposed candidate selection method that optimally balances all four of the democratic aspects concurrently, and answers the question 'Is the most participatory candidate selection method necessarily the best one for democracy?' Comparative Politics is a series for students, teachers, and researchers of political science that deals with contemporary government and politics. Global in scope, books in the series are characterised by a stress on comparative analysis and strong methodological rigour. The series is published in association with the European Consortium for Political Research. For more information visit www.essex.ac.uk/ecpr The General Editor is Professor David M. Farrell, School of Politics and International Relations, University College Dublin.

Electoral Change in Western Countries

Electoral Change in Western Countries
Author: Mark N. Franklin,Thomas T. Mackie
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 26
Release: 1989
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Comparative government
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Electoral Change in Western Countries Book Excerpt:

Democracy and Elections

Democracy and Elections
Author: Vernon Bogdanor,David Butler,Cambridge University Press
Publsiher: CUP Archive
Total Pages: 267
Release: 1983-08-18
ISBN: 9780521252959
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Democracy and Elections Book Excerpt:

This 1983 book analyses the main electoral systems of modern democracies, and places them in their institutional and historical context. A distinguished group of contributors provide interpretations of the electoral systems of the EEC countries and Japan, and assess how different electoral systems affect the political practice of each country.

Improving Public Opinion Surveys

Improving Public Opinion Surveys
Author: John H. Aldrich,Kathleen M. McGraw
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 432
Release: 2011-12-05
ISBN: 1400840295
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Improving Public Opinion Surveys Book Excerpt:

The American National Election Studies (ANES) is the premier social science survey program devoted to voting and elections. Conducted during the presidential election years and midterm Congressional elections, the survey is based on interviews with voters and delves into why they make certain choices. In this edited volume, John Aldrich and Kathleen McGraw bring together a group of leading social scientists that developed and tested new measures that might be added to the ANES, with the ultimate goal of extending scholarly understanding of the causes and consequences of electoral outcomes. The contributors--leading experts from several disciplines in the fields of polling, public opinion, survey methodology, and elections and voting behavior--illuminate some of the most important questions and results from the ANES 2006 pilot study. They look at such varied topics as self-monitoring in the expression of political attitudes, personal values and political orientations, alternate measures of political trust, perceptions of similarity and disagreement in partisan groups, measuring ambivalence about government, gender preferences in politics, and the political issues of abortion, crime, and taxes. Testing new ideas in the study of politics and the political psychology of voting choices and turnout, this collection is an invaluable resource for all students and scholars working to understand the American electorate.

The Politics of Emotions Candidates and Choices

The Politics of Emotions  Candidates  and Choices
Author: Heather E. Yates
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 139
Release: 2016-05-29
ISBN: 1137515279
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Politics of Emotions Candidates and Choices Book Excerpt:

Anchored in the idea that political campaigns matter to electoral outcomes, The Politics of Emotions, Candidates and Choices analyzes the dynamics of emotional voting and decision-making over the course of three presidential elections between 2004 and 2012. Each presidential campaign reflects a unique tone and mood, which influences voters’ perceptions of choices and candidate image. Accounting for the idiosyncratic nature of a campaign environment and a candidate’s message, this analysis isolates specific emotional dimensions that were influential on voters’ appraisals of specific campaign issues. Relying on the Affective Intelligence theory and the Transfer-of-Affect thesis to narrate the causal relationships between voters’ emotional responses and issue appraisals, this book illustrates the specific electoral contexts when voters’ emotions are trusted as political knowledge and transferred to their beliefs about certain policies.

Economic Conditions and Electoral Outcomes

Economic Conditions and Electoral Outcomes
Author: Heinz Eulau,Michael S. Lewis-Beck
Publsiher: Algora Publishing
Total Pages: 248
Release: 1984
ISBN: 0875860729
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Economic Conditions and Electoral Outcomes Book Excerpt:

Does economics influence elections? How does such influence work? Under what conditions is it more or less likely to occur? These appear to be simple questions, but answering them is difficult. And they may appear to be trivial questions to those who contend that elections in the western democracies are, at best, placebos that disguise the real dynamics of power in societies still mostly characterized by the capitalist mode of production, even if the economy is directed by government. This is an argument we do not propose to address. We do believe that free, popular elections matter and that they make a difference precisely because, at periodic intervals, they set the limits or constraints within which capitalist as well as anticapitalist elites pursue their economic and political goals. To oppose the voice of the people to the people's manipulation by elites, it seems to us, creates an unnecessary dualism. This dualism is not useful because it cannot come to grips with the question of how and why popular electorates respond as they do to more or less elite-managed economies, and how and why elites, in turn, take account of or are responsive to whatever messages they may receive from the electorate.

Money for Votes

Money for Votes
Author: Eric Kramon
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2017-11-02
ISBN: 1108152732
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Money for Votes Book Excerpt:

Politicians distribute money to voters during campaigns in many low-income democracies. Many observers call this practice 'vote buying'. Money for Votes develops an alternative theory of electoral clientelism that emphasizes the role of monetary handouts in conveying information to voters, helping politicians enhance the credibility of their promises to deliver development resources and particularistic benefits to their constituents. Supported by interviews, experiments, and surveys in Kenya, and additional evidence from qualitative and survey data from elsewhere in Africa, the study tests the implications of this argument, and traces the consequences of electoral clientelism for voter behaviour, ethnic politics, public goods provision, and democratic accountability. Ultimately, the book suggests that the relationship of electoral clientelism to the quality of democracy is far more nuanced than our instincts might suggest.

Electoral Laws and Their Political Consequences

Electoral Laws and Their Political Consequences
Author: Bernard Grofman,Arend Lijphart
Publsiher: Algora Publishing
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2003
ISBN: 0875862675
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Electoral Laws and Their Political Consequences Book Excerpt:

..." a usful volume on the impact of electoral laws...includes a very good bibliography and index...establishes a broader international and interdisciplinary perspective on the methods of representation." - American Political Science Review

Politics Policy and Organizations

Politics  Policy  and Organizations
Author: George A. Krause,Kenneth J. Meier
Publsiher: University of Michigan Press
Total Pages: 361
Release: 2009-12-14
ISBN: 9780472024049
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Politics Policy and Organizations Book Excerpt:

The bureaucracy is the fourth branch of government, often receiving attention in times of emergency or when it is the object of criticism from the media or politicians. Less understood is how bureaucratic institutions function in a democracy, both from an organizational perspective and as institutional participants within the political arena. Drawing on rational choice approaches, computationally intensive data and modeling techniques, and systematic empirical inquiry, this original collection of essays highlights the important role bureaucracies play in shaping public policy-making. The editors of and contributors to this volume demonstrate not only the constraints political officials face in harnessing the bureaucracy but, more important, how bureaucracies function as organizational entities in diverse contexts. George A. Krause is Associate Professor of Political Science, University of South Carolina. Kenneth J. Meier is Charles Puryear Professor of Liberal Arts and Professor of Political Science, Texas A&M University.

Who Votes Now

Who Votes Now
Author: Jan E. Leighley,Jonathan Nagler
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 206
Release: 2014
ISBN: 9780691159348
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Who Votes Now Book Excerpt:

Who Votes Now? compares the demographic characteristics and political views of voters and nonvoters in American presidential elections since 1972 and examines how electoral reforms and the choices offered by candidates influence voter turnout. Drawing on a wealth of data from the U.S. Census Bureau's Current Population Survey and the American National Election Studies, Jan Leighley and Jonathan Nagler demonstrate that the rich have consistently voted more than the poor for the past four decades, and that voters are substantially more conservative in their economic views than nonvoters. They find that women are now more likely to vote than men, that the gap in voting rates between blacks and whites has largely disappeared, and that older Americans continue to vote more than younger Americans. Leighley and Nagler also show how electoral reforms such as Election Day voter registration and absentee voting have boosted voter turnout, and how turnout would also rise if parties offered more distinct choices. Providing the most systematic analysis available of modern voter turnout, Who Votes Now? reveals that persistent class bias in turnout has enduring political consequences, and that it really does matter who votes and who doesn't.

Un intended Consequences of EU Parliamentary Elections

 Un intended Consequences of EU Parliamentary Elections
Author: Wouter van der Brug,Claes H. de Vreese
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2016-01-21
ISBN: 0191074721
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Un intended Consequences of EU Parliamentary Elections Book Excerpt:

When direct elections for the European Parliament were first organized in 1979, the idea was that such direct elections would increase the democratic legitimacy and accountability of the Parliament. Moreover, the elections were expected to raise public interest, engagement and support for the European project. Did these elections help to increase legitimacy and accountability? Did they increase interest in and support for the 'European project'? Or, did these elections have unintended (and perhaps undesirable) consequences? This volume focuses on the consequences of European elections for public debate and involvement, for party systems, and for public opinion. EP elections have caused a number of intended consequences: the salience of the elections in the media has gone up and over time electoral competition becomes more important, engaging in the campaign can help improve EU evaluations, and Europe as a topic has become more important for voting at EP elections, boosting the prevalence of so-called EU voting. A number of intended consequences have not materialized during the life of the EP so far: knowledge or turnout levels have not gone up and citizens have not become better at judging what political parties are offering. The EP elections have, however, also yielded a number of unintended consequences: EP elections dampen turnout for first time voters in subsequent elections, EP elections cause temporary decline in EU support, and the elections have become a strategic arena for political parties to position themselves on EU issues and for new movements and parties to boost or sustain their success.

The Consequences of Consent

The Consequences of Consent
Author: Benjamin Ginsberg,Professor of Political Science Benjamin Ginsberg
Publsiher: Addison Wesley Publishing Company
Total Pages: 271
Release: 1981
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Consensus (Social sciences).
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Consequences of Consent Book Excerpt:

International Encyclopedia of Political Science

International Encyclopedia of Political Science
Author: Bertrand Badie,Dirk Berg-Schlosser,Leonardo Morlino
Publsiher: SAGE Publications
Total Pages: 4032
Release: 2011-09-07
ISBN: 1483305392
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

International Encyclopedia of Political Science Book Excerpt:

Request a FREE 30-day online trial to this title at www.sagepub.com/freetrial With entries from leading international scholars from around the world, this eight-volume encyclopedia offers the widest possible coverage of key areas both regionally and globally. The International Encyclopedia of Political Science provides a definitive, comprehensive picture of all aspects of political life, recognizing the theoretical and cultural pluralism of our approaches and including findings from the far corners of the world. The eight volumes cover every field of politics, from political theory and methodology to political sociology, comparative politics, public policies, and international relations. Entries are arranged in alphabetical order, and a list of entries by subject area appears in the front of each volume for ease of use. The encyclopedia contains a detailed index as well as extensive bibliographical references. Filling the need for an exhaustive overview of the empirical findings and reflections on politics, this reference resource is suited for undergraduate or graduate students who wish to be informed effectively and quickly on their field of study, for scholars seeking information on relevant research findings in their area of specialization or in related fields, and for lay readers who may lack a formal background in political science but have an interest in the field nonetheless. The International Encyclopedia of Political Science provides an essential, authoritative guide to the state of political science at the start of the 21st century and for decades to come, making it an invaluable resource for a global readership, including researchers, students, citizens, and policy makers. The encyclopedia was developed in partnership with the International Political Science Association. Key Themes: Case and Area Studies Comparative Politics, Theory, and Methods Democracy and Democratization Economics Epistemological Foundations Equality and Inequality Gender and Race/Ethnicity International Relations Local Government Peace, War, and Conflict Resolution People and Organizations Political Economy Political Parties Political Sociology Public Policy and Administration Qualitative Methods Quantitative Methods Religion

Elections in Japan Korea and Taiwan Under the Single Non Transferable Vote

Elections in Japan  Korea  and Taiwan Under the Single Non Transferable Vote
Author: Bernard Grofman,Sung-Chull Lee,Edwin Winckler,Professor Edwin Winckler,Associate Chair and Director of Graduate Programs Brian Woodall,Brian Woodall
Publsiher: University of Michigan Press
Total Pages: 459
Release: 1999
ISBN: 9780472109098
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Elections in Japan Korea and Taiwan Under the Single Non Transferable Vote Book Excerpt:

DIVConsiders how electoral rules affect election results and argues that the impact of the same electoral systems is different from one culture to another /div

Unexpected Outcomes

Unexpected Outcomes
Author: Robert G. Moser
Publsiher: University of Pittsburgh Pre
Total Pages: 183
Release: 2001-01-01
ISBN: 9780822972235
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Unexpected Outcomes Book Excerpt:

Can democratization be promoted by “getting the institutions right?” In Unexpected Outcomes, Robert G. Moser offers a compelling analysis of the extent to which institutions can be engineered to promote desired political outcomes. The introduction of democracy in Eastern Europe and the former USSR has enabled scholars to bring new perspectives to the debate about electoral systems. Russia is arguably the most important of the postcommunist states and its mixed electoral system provides an interesting controlled experiment for testing the impact of different electoral systems. Moser examines the effects of electoral systems on political parties and representation in Russia during the 1990s. Moser's study is not only a highly original contribution to our understanding of contemporary Russian politics, but also a significant step forward in the comparative study of electoral systems. Through his comprehensive empirical analysis of Russian elections, Moser provides the most detailed examination of a mixed electoral system to date. This system was introduced in Russia to encourage party formation and benefit reformist parties allied with President Yeltsin. However, the effects were contrary to what the creators of the system expected and also defied the most well-established hypotheses in electoral studies. Parties proliferated under both the PR and plurality halves of the election and patterns of women and minority representation ran counter to prevailing theory and international experience. With an epilogue that updates the study through the December 1999 elections, Unexpected Outcomes makes an important and timely contribution to the ongoing debate over the ability and inability of elites to fashion preferred political outcomes through institutional design.

Electoral Shocks

Electoral Shocks
Author: Edward Fieldhouse,Jane Green,Geoffrey Evans
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 282
Release: 2020
ISBN: 0198800584
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Electoral Shocks Book Excerpt:

This is an open access title available under the terms of a CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 International licence. It is free to read at Oxford Scholarship Online and offered as a free PDF download from OUP and selected open access locations. Electoral Shocks: The Volatile Voter in a Turbulent World offers a novel perspective on British elections, focusing on the role of electoral shocks in the context of increasing electoral volatility. It demonstrates and explains the long-term trend in volatility, how shocks have contributed to the level of electoral volatility, and also which parties have benefited from the ensuing volatility. It follows in the tradition of British Election Study books, providing a comprehensive account of specific election outcomes- the General Elections of 2015 and 2017-and a more general and novel approach to understanding electoral change. The authors examine five electoral shocks that affected the elections of 2015 and 2017: the rise in immigration after 2004, particularly from Eastern Europe; the Global Financial Crisis prior to 2010; the coalition government of the Conservatives and the Liberal Democrats between 2010 and 2015; the Scottish Independence Referendum in 2014; and the European Union Referendum in 2016. The focus on electoral shocks offers an overarching explanation for the volatility in British elections, alongside the long-term trends that have led to this point. It offers a way to understand the rise and fall of the UK Independence Party (UKIP), Labour's disappointing 2015 performance and its later unexpected gains, the collapse in support for the Liberal Democrats, the dramatic gains of the Scottish National Party (SNP) in 2015, and the continuing period of tumultuous politics that has followed the EU referendum and the General Election of 2017. It provides a new way of understanding electoral choice in Britain, and also beyond, and a better understanding of the outcomes of recent elections.

When Citizens Decide

When Citizens Decide
Author: Patrick Fournier,Henk van der Kolk,R. Kenneth Carty,André Blais,Jonathan Rose
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2011-06-09
ISBN: 0191617857
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

When Citizens Decide Book Excerpt:

Three unprecedented large-scale democratic experiments have recently taken place. Citizen assemblies on electoral reform were conducted in British Columbia, the Netherlands, and Ontario. Groups of randomly selected ordinary citizens were asked to independently design the next electoral system. In each case, the participants spent almost an entire year learning about electoral systems, consulting the public, deliberating, debating, and ultimately deciding what specific institution should be adopted. When Citizens Decide uses these unique cases to examine claims about citizens' capacity for democratic deliberation and active engagement in policy-making. It offers empirical insight into numerous debates and provides answers to a series of key questions: 1) Are ordinary citizens able to decide about a complex issue? Are their decisions reasonable? 2) Who takes part in such proceedings? Are they dominated by people dissatisfied by the status quo? 3) Do some citizens play a more prominent role than others? Are decisions driven by the most vocal or most informed members? 4) Did the participants decide by themselves? Were they influenced by staff, political parties, interest groups, or the public hearings? 5) Does participation in a deliberative process foster citizenship? Did participants become more trusting, tolerant, open-minded, civic-minded, interested in politics, and active in politics? 6) How do the other political actors react? Can the electorate accept policy proposals made by a group of ordinary citizens? The analyses rely upon various types of evidence about both the inner workings of the assemblies and the reactions toward them outside: multi-wave panel surveys of assembly members, content analysis of newspaper coverage, and public opinion survey data. The lessons drawn from this research are relevant to those interested in political participation, public opinion, deliberation, public policy, and democracy. Comparative Politics is a series for students, teachers, and researchers of political science that deals with contemporary government and politics. Global in scope, books in the series are characterised by a stress on comparative analysis and strong methodological rigour. The series is published in association with the European Consortium for Political Research. For more information visit: www.essex.ac.uk/ecpr. The Comparative Politics Series is edited by Professor David M. Farrell, School of Politics and International Relations, University College Dublin, Kenneth Carty, Professor of Political Science, University of British Columbia, and Professor Dirk Berg-Schlosser, Institute of Political Science, Philipps University, Marburg.

Perspectives on Public Choice

Perspectives on Public Choice
Author: Dennis C. Mueller,Professor of Economics Dennis C Mueller
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 672
Release: 1997
ISBN: 9780521556545
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Perspectives on Public Choice Book Excerpt:

This five-part volume surveys the main ideas and contributions to the field of public choice.