Polymer Foams Handbook

Polymer Foams Handbook
Author: Nigel Mills
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 562
Release: 2007-03-23
ISBN: 9780080475448
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polymer Foams Handbook Book Excerpt:

This handbook explores the applications of polymer foams, and the properties that make them suitable for so many applications, in the detail required by postgraduate students, researchers and the many industrial engineers and designers who work with polymer foam in industry. It covers the mechanical properties of foams and foam microstructure, processing of foams, mechanical testing and analysis (using Finite element analysis). In addition, it uniquely offers a broader perspective on the actual engineering of foams and foam based (or foam including) products by including nine detailed case studies which firmly plant the theory of the book in a real world context, making it ideal for both polymer engineers and chemists and mechanical engineers and product designers. * Complete coverage of the mechanical and design aspects of polymer foams from an acknowledged international expert: no other book is available with this breadth making this a plastics engineer's first choice for a single volume Handbook * Polymer foams are ubiquitous in modern life, used everywhere from running shoes to furniture, and this book includes nine extensive case studies covering each key class of application, including biomechanics * Offers a rigorous mechanical and microstructure perspective, plus a computer based chapter: Essential for engineers and designers alike.

Handbook of Plastic Foams

Handbook of Plastic Foams
Author: Arthur H. Landrock
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 509
Release: 1995-12-31
ISBN: 0815517653
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Plastic Foams Book Excerpt:

This book is intended to be a source of practical information on all types of plastic foams (cellular plastics) in use, including the new structural plastic foams. Elastomer (rubber-like) foams are also considered. The book is intended primarily for those who require a non-theoretical, authoritative, easy-to-use handbook in the subject area. It should be of value to materials engineers, plastics fabricators, chemists, chemical engineers and students. Recognized authorities have written several chapters and parts of chapters in their fields of expertise. The book is organized in such a way that information on a desired subject can be found rapidly. An unusual feature is a comprehensive listing of all known standardization documents (test methods, practices, and specifications), including some international standards. Each document includes a brief description of its contents.

Polymeric Foams

Polymeric Foams
Author: S.-T. Lee
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 334
Release: 2022-05-19
ISBN: 1000588726
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polymeric Foams Book Excerpt:

Polymeric Foams: Innovations in Technologies and Environmentally Friendly Materials offers the latest in technology and environmental innovations within the field of polymeric foams. It outlines how application-focused research in polymeric foam can continue to improve living quality and enhance social responsibility. This book: Addresses technological innovations including those in bead foams, foam injection molding, foams in tissue engineering, foams in insulation, and silicon rubber foam Discusses environmentally friendly innovations in PET foam, degradable and renewable foam, and physical blowing agents Describes principles as well as applications from internationally recognized foam experts This work is aimed at researchers and industry professionals across chemical, mechanical, materials, polymer engineering, and anyone else developing and applying these advanced polymeric materials.

Polymeric Foams

Polymeric Foams
Author: José Ignacio Velasco,Marcelo Antunes
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 322
Release: 2019-11-18
ISBN: 3039216325
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polymeric Foams Book Excerpt:

Advances in nanotechnology have boosted the development of more efficient materials, with emerging sectors (electronics, energy, aerospace, etc.) demanding novel materials to fulfill the complex technical requirements of their products. This is the case of polymeric foams, which may display good structural properties alongside functional characteristics through a complex composition and (micro)structure in which a gas phase is combined with rigid ones, mainly based on nanoparticles, dispersed throughout the polymer matrix. In recent years, there has been an important impulse in the development of nanocomposite foams, extending the concept of nanocomposites to the field of cellular materials. This, alongside developments in new advanced foaming technologies which have allowed the generation of foams with micro, sub-micro, and even nanocellular structures, has extended the applications of more traditional foams in terms of weight reduction, damping, and thermal and/or acoustic insulation to novel possibilities, such as electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding. This Special Issue, which consists of a total of 22 articles, including one review article written by research groups of experts in the field, considers recent research on novel polymer-based foams in all their aspects: design, composition, processing and fabrication, microstructure, characterization and analysis, applications and service behavior, recycling and reuse, etc.

Polymeric Foams Structure Property Performance

Polymeric Foams Structure Property Performance
Author: Bernard Obi
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 410
Release: 2017-12-14
ISBN: 1455777560
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polymeric Foams Structure Property Performance Book Excerpt:

Polymeric Foams Structure–Property–Performance: A Design Guide is a response to the design challenges faced by engineers in a growing market with evolving standards, new regulations, and an ever-increasing variety of application types for polymeric foam. Bernard Obi, an author with wide experience in testing, characterizing, and applying polymer foams, approaches this emerging complexity with a practical design methodology that focuses on understanding the relationship between structure–properties of polymeric foams and their performance attributes. The book not only introduces the fundamentals of polymer and foam science and engineering, but also goes more in-depth, covering foam processing, properties, and uses for a variety of applications. By connecting the diverse technologies of polymer science to those from foam science, and by linking both micro- and macrostructure–property relationships to key performance attributes, the book gives engineers the information required to solve pressing design problems involving the use of polymeric foams and to optimize foam performance. With a focus on applications in the automotive and transportation industries, as well as uses of foams in structural composites for lightweight applications, the author provides numerous case studies and design examples of real-life industrial problems from various industries and their solutions. Provides the science and engineering fundamentals relevant for solving polymer foam application problems Offers an exceptionally practical methodology to tackle the increasing complexity of real-world design challenges faced by engineers working with foams Discusses numerous case studies and design examples, with a focus on automotive and transportation Utilizes a practical design methodology focused on understanding the relationship between structure-properties of polymeric foams and their performance attributes

Polymeric Foams

Polymeric Foams
Author: Shau-Tarng Lee
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 390
Release: 2016-11-03
ISBN: 1498738893
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polymeric Foams Book Excerpt:

Polymeric foams are sturdy yet lightweight materials with applications across a variety of industries, from packaging to aerospace. As demand for these materials increase, so does innovation in the development of new processes and products. This book captures the most dynamic advances in processes, technologies, and products related to the polymeric foam market. It describes the latest business trends including new microcellular commercialization, sustainable foam products, and nanofoams. It also discusses novel processes, new and environmentally friendly blowing agents, and the development and usage of various types of foams, including bead and polycarbonate, polypropylene, polyetherimide microcellular, and nanocellular. The book also covers flame-retardant foams, rigid foam composites, and foam sandwich composites and details applications in structural engineering, electronics, and insulation. Authored by leading experts in the field, this book minimizes the gap between research and application in this important and growing area.

Blowing Agents and Foaming Processes 2003

Blowing Agents and Foaming Processes 2003
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: iSmithers Rapra Publishing
Total Pages: 236
Release: 2003
ISBN: 9781859573662
Category: Foamed materials
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Blowing Agents and Foaming Processes 2003 Book Excerpt:

Handbook of Bioplastics and Biocomposites Engineering Applications

Handbook of Bioplastics and Biocomposites Engineering Applications
Author: Srikanth Pilla
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 620
Release: 2011-09-15
ISBN: 1118177045
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Bioplastics and Biocomposites Engineering Applications Book Excerpt:

In today’s world, bioplastics are becoming increasinglyprominent owing mainly to scarcity of oil, increase in the cost ofpetroleum-based commodities, and growing environmental concernswith the dumping of non-biodegradable plastics in landfills. Thisbook summarizes the field of bioplastics by illustrating how theyform a unique class of research area that integrates pure andapplied sciences such as chemistry, engineering and materialsscience, to initate solutions. Compelling science demystics thiscomplex and often ambiguous branch of study for benefit of allthose concerned with bioplastics.

Polymers in Construction

Polymers in Construction
Author: Güneri Akovalı
Publsiher: iSmithers Rapra Publishing
Total Pages: 536
Release: 2005
ISBN: 9781859574683
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polymers in Construction Book Excerpt:

This book is a good basic guide to the polymers that are used in the construction industry. The types of polymers that can be used are discussed and specific applications are also covered. There is also a very comprehensive section on the health and safety aspects of using polymers in buildings.

Foamability of Thermoplastic Polymeric Materials

Foamability of Thermoplastic Polymeric Materials
Author: Suprakas Sinha Ray,Ritima Banerjee
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 296
Release: 2021-09-24
ISBN: 0323907687
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Foamability of Thermoplastic Polymeric Materials Book Excerpt:

Foamability of Thermoplastic Polymeric Materials presents a cutting-edge approach to thermoplastic polymeric foams, drawing on the latest research and guiding the reader through the fundamental science, foamability, structure-property-processing relationship, multi-phase polymeric materials, degradation characteristics of biodegradable foams and advanced applications. Sections provide detailed information on foam manufacturing technologies and the fundamental science behind foaming, present insights on the factors affecting foamability, cover ways of enhancing the foamability of various polymeric materials, with special focus on multi-phase systems, discuss the degradation of biodegradable foams and special morphology development for scaffolds, packaging, acoustic and super-insulation applications, as well as cell seeding studies in scaffolds. Each application has specific requirements in terms of desired properties. This in-depth coverage and analysis helps those looking to move forward with microcellular processing and polymer foaming. This is an ideal resource for researchers, advanced students and professionals interested in the microcellular processing of polymeric materials in the areas of polymer foaming, polymer processing, plastics engineering and materials science. Offers in-depth coverage of factors affecting foamability and methods for enhancing the foamability of polymeric materials Explores innovative applications in a range of areas, including scaffolds, acoustic applications, packaging and super-insulation Provides a comprehensive, critical overview of the state-of-the-art, possible future research directions, and opportunities for industrial application

Phenolic Based Foams

Phenolic Based Foams
Author: Sandhya P.K,Sreekala M.S.,Sabu Thomas
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 369
Release: 2022-01-13
ISBN: 9811652376
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Phenolic Based Foams Book Excerpt:

This book covers the latest developments in phenolic foams and their applications. Compared with polystyrene and polyurethane foams, phenolic foams are known as third-generation polymeric foams. Phenolic foams exhibit excellent fire-retardant properties, including low flammability, low peak heat release rate, no dripping during combustion, and low toxicity. This book discusses various aspects of phenolic foams including properties, synthesis, fabrication methodologies, and applications. The contents also cover the methods for toughening of phenolic foams to make them more widely applicable. This book is of interest to both academics and industry alike. It is also a useful reference for fire safety regulators and policy-makers looking for new materials and methods for sustainable fire protection.

Polymers Opportunities and Risks I

Polymers   Opportunities and Risks I
Author: Peter Eyerer
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 454
Release: 2010-07-31
ISBN: 3540884165
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polymers Opportunities and Risks I Book Excerpt:

Since their first industrial use polymers have gained a tremendous success. The two volumes of "Polymers - Opportunities and Risks" elaborate on both their potentials and on the impact on the environment arising from their production and applications. Volume 11 "Polymers - Opportunities and Risks I: General and Environmental Aspects" is dedicated to the basics of the engineering of polymers – always with a view to possible environmental implications. Topics include: materials, processing, designing, surfaces, the utilization phase, recycling, and depositing. Volume 12 "Polymers - Opportunities and Risks II: Sustainability, Product Design and Processing" highlights raw materials and renewable polymers, sustainability, additives for manufacture and processing, melt modification, biodegradation, adhesive technologies, and solar applications. All contributions were written by leading experts with substantial practical experience in their fields. They are an invaluable source of information not only for scientists, but also for environmental managers and decision makers.

Principles of Polymer Systems Sixth Edition

Principles of Polymer Systems  Sixth Edition
Author: Ferdinand Rodriguez,Claude Cohen,Christopher K. Ober,Lynden Archer
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 812
Release: 2014-12-09
ISBN: 1482223783
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Principles of Polymer Systems Sixth Edition Book Excerpt:

Maintaining a balance between depth and breadth, the Sixth Edition of Principles of Polymer Systems continues to present an integrated approach to polymer science and engineering. A classic text in the field, the new edition offers a comprehensive exploration of polymers at a level geared toward upper-level undergraduates and beginning graduate students. Revisions to the sixth edition include: A more detailed discussion of crystallization kinetics, strain-induced crystallization, block copolymers, liquid crystal polymers, and gels New, powerful radical polymerization methods Additional polymerization process flow sheets and discussion of the polymerization of polystyrene and poly(vinyl chloride) New discussions on the elongational viscosity of polymers and coarse-grained bead-spring molecular and tube models Updated information on models and experimental results of rubber elasticity Expanded sections on fracture of glassy and semicrystalline polymers New sections on fracture of elastomers, diffusion in polymers, and membrane formation New coverage of polymers from renewable resources New section on X-ray methods and dielectric relaxation All chapters have been updated and out-of-date material removed. The text contains more theoretical background for some of the fundamental concepts pertaining to polymer structure and behavior, while also providing an up-to-date discussion of the latest developments in polymerization systems. Example problems in the text help students through step-by-step solutions and nearly 300 end-of-chapter problems, many new to this edition, reinforce the concepts presented.

Ullmann s Polymers and Plastics

Ullmann s Polymers and Plastics
Author: Wiley-VCH
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 1934
Release: 2016-03-18
ISBN: 3527685952
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ullmann s Polymers and Plastics Book Excerpt:

Your personal Ullmann's: Chemical and physical characteristics, production processes and production figures, main applications, toxicology and safety information are all to be found here in one single resource - bringing the vast knowledge of the Ullmann's Encyclopedia to the desks of industrial chemists and chemical engineers. The ULLMANN’S perspective on polymers and plastics brings reliable information on more than 1500 compounds and products straight to your desktop Carefully selected “best of” compilation of 61 topical articles from the Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry on economically important polymers provide a wealth of chemical, physical and economic data on more than 1000 different polymers and hundreds of modifications Contains a wealth of information on the production and use of all industrially relevant polymers and plastics, including organic and inorganic polymers, fibers, foams and resins Extensively updated: more than 30% of the content has been added or updated since the launch of the 7th edition of the Ullmann’s encyclopedia in 2011 and is now available in print for the first time 4 Volumes

Pharmaceutical Extrusion Technology

Pharmaceutical Extrusion Technology
Author: Isaac Ghebre-Sellassie,Charles E. Martin,Feng Zhang,James DiNunzio
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 464
Release: 2018-03-05
ISBN: 1351129007
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pharmaceutical Extrusion Technology Book Excerpt:

The first edition of Pharmaceutical Extrusion Technology, published in 2003, was deemed the seminal book on pharmaceutical extrusion. Now it is expanded and improved, just like the usage of extrusion has expanded, improved and evolved into an accepted manufacturing technology to continuously mix active pharmaceutical ingredients with excipients for a myriad of traditional and novel dosage forms. Pharmaceutical Extrusion Technology, Second Edition reflects how this has spawned numerous research activities, in addition to hardware and process advancements. It offers new authors, expanded chapters and contains all the extrusion related technical information necessary for the development, manufacturing, and marketing of pharmaceutical dosage forms. Key Features: Reviews how extrusion has become an accepted technology to continuously mix active pharmaceutical ingredients with excipients Focuses on equipment and process technology Explains various extrusion system configurations as a manufacturing methodology for a variety of dosage forms Presents new opportunities available only via extrusion and future trends Includes contributions of experts from the process and equipment fields

Structural Materials and Processes in Transportation

Structural Materials and Processes in Transportation
Author: Dirk Lehmhus,Matthias Busse,Axel Herrmann,Kambiz Kayvantash
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 500
Release: 2013-08-07
ISBN: 3527649867
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Structural Materials and Processes in Transportation Book Excerpt:

Lightness, efficiency, durability and economic as well as ecological viability are key attributes required from materials today. In the transport industry, the performance needs are felt exceptionally strongly. This handbook and ready reference covers the use of structural materials throughout this industry, particularly for the road, air and rail sectors. A strong focus is placed on the latest developments in materials engineering. The authors present new insights and trends, providing firsthand information from the perspective of universities, Fraunhofer and independent research institutes, aerospace and automotive companies and suppliers. Arranged into parts to aid the readers in finding the information relevant to their needs: * Metals * Polymers * Composites * Cellular Materials * Modeling and Simulation * Higher Level Trends

Foaming with Supercritical Fluids

Foaming with Supercritical Fluids
Author: Ernesto Di Maio,Salvatore Iannace,Giuseppe Mensitieri
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 484
Release: 2021-11-06
ISBN: 0444637362
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Foaming with Supercritical Fluids Book Excerpt:

Foaming with Supercritical Fluids, Volume Nine provides a comprehensive description of the use of supercritical fluids as blowing agents in polymer foaming. To this aim, the fundamental issues on which the proper design and control of this process are rooted are discussed in detail, with specific attention devoted to the theoretical and experimental aspects of sorption thermodynamics of a blowing agent within a polymer, the effect of the absorbed blowing agent on the thermal, interfacial and rheological properties of the expanding matter, and the phase separation of the gaseous phase, and of the related bubble nucleation and growth phenomena. Several foaming technologies based on the use of supercritical blowing agents are then described, addressing the main issues in the light of the underlying chemical-physical phenomena. Offers strong fundamentals on polymer properties important on foaming Outlines the use of supercritical fluids for foaming Covers theoretical points-of-view, including foam formation of the polymer/gas solution to the setting of the final foam Discusses the several processing technologies and applications

Manufacturing and Novel Applications of Multilayer Polymer Films

Manufacturing and Novel Applications of Multilayer Polymer Films
Author: Deepak Langhe,Michael Ponting
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 250
Release: 2016-01-04
ISBN: 0323374662
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Manufacturing and Novel Applications of Multilayer Polymer Films Book Excerpt:

Manufacturing and Novel Applications of Multilayer Polymer Films discusses the advancements in multilayer technology, including its capability to produce hundreds of layers in a single film by a melt coextrusion process. These engineered films can have significantly enhanced performance properties, allowing films to be made thinner, stronger, and with better sealing properties. As recent developments in feedblocks and materials have opened up a range of new possibilities, this book discusses different feedblocks, and viscosity and material considerations. It is the first comprehensive summary of the latest technology in multilayer film processing and related applications, and is written from a practical perspective, translating research into commercial production and real world products. The book provides fundamental knowledge on microlayer coextrusion processing technology, how to fabricate such structures, structure and properties of such microlayers, and potential applications, thus helping research scientists and engineers develop products which not only fulfill their primary function, but can also be manufactured reliably, safely, and economically. Provides a fundamental knowledge of microlayer coextrusion processing, including how to fabricate microlayer structures, the properties of microlayers, and potential applications, including optics, polymer film capacitors, and semiconductors Includes an in-depth analysis of all technologies used for producing multilayered films and structures by coextrusion processing Thoroughly assesses potential future trends in multilayer coextrusion technology, thus enabling engineers and scientists to stay ahead of the curve in this rapidly advancing area

Recent Developments in Polymer Macro Micro and Nano Blends

Recent Developments in Polymer Macro  Micro and Nano Blends
Author: P. M. Visakh,Gordana Markovic,Daniel Pasquini
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 342
Release: 2016-08-24
ISBN: 0081004273
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Recent Developments in Polymer Macro Micro and Nano Blends Book Excerpt:

Recent Developments in Polymer Macro, Micro and Nano Blends: Preparation and Characterisation discusses the various types of techniques that are currently used for the characterization of polymer-based macro, micro, and nano blends. It summarizes recent technical research accomplishments, emphasizing a broad range of characterization methods. In addition, the book discusses preparation methods and applications for various types of polymer-based macro, micro, and nano blends. Chapters include thermoplastic-based polymer & nano blends, applications of rubber based and thermoplastic blends, micro/nanostructures polymer blends containing block copolymers, advances in polymer-inorganic hybrids as membrane materials, synthesis of polymer/inorganic hybrids through heterophase polymerizations, nanoporous polymer foams from nanostructured polymer blends, and natural polymeric biodegradable nano blends for protein delivery. Describes the techniques pertaining to a kind (or small number) of blends, showing specific examples of their applications Covers micro, macro, and nano polymer blends Contains contributions from leading experts in the field

Bio based Plastics for Food Packaging Applications

Bio based Plastics for Food Packaging Applications
Author: Vimal Katiyar
Publsiher: Smithers Pira
Total Pages: 298
Release: 2017-07-19
ISBN: 1910242594
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bio based Plastics for Food Packaging Applications Book Excerpt:

This book discusses the development of bio-based plastics and associated nanocomposites in order to achieve targeted structural morphologies, and physical and chemical properties for use in food-packaging applications. In line with bio-based and/or biodegradable plastic matrices, the current status of the development of multifaceted bionanofillers is also explored in detail.This book begins by addressing the past, present and future prospects of bio-based and/or biodegradable polymers in specific food-packaging applications, and the importance and advantages of such packaging over fossil polymer-based packaging materials. Furthermore, this book also examines the current commercial overview of bio-based and/or biodegradable polymers and nanocomposites, and the structure-property relationship required for various advanced applications.Individual chapters detail bio-based polymers, bio-derived and microbial-derived plastics, which include exclusive investigations on the most promising polymers, such as polylactic acid (PLA) and polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA), and their bionanocomposites, for food-packaging applications. Detailed discussions highlight the various properties of polymers for food-packaging applications including bio-based and/or biodegradable polymers and nanocomposites. The processing of blends using bio-based and/or biodegradable polymers and non-degradable polymers for food-packaging applications are also featured.In addition, extensive discussions include different edible biopolymer-based coatings on food items which can act as effective carriers for improving the shelf life of food. Moreover, various end-of-life solutions of plastics such as recycling, reuse, composting and so on, for the safe disposal of plastic waste are reviewed. Finally, this book discusses migration studies, and safety legislation and regulations of such packages in contact with food, which are currently being performed by various organisations across the world. Throughout the book, detailed case studies are included on sustainable polymers, and associated nanocomposites, along with different perspectives on their industrial applications, and critical challenges and opportunities for developing biopolymer nanocomposites for food-packaging applications.