Polymer Solvent Molecular Compounds

Polymer Solvent Molecular Compounds
Author: Jean-Michel Guenet
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 315
Release: 2010-07-07
ISBN: 9780080555034
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polymer Solvent Molecular Compounds Book Excerpt:

Crystallisable polymers represent a large share of the polymers used for manufacturing a wide variety of objects, and consequently have received continuous attention from scientists these past 60 years. Molecular compounds from crystallisable polymers, particularly from synthetic polymers, are receiving growing interest due to their potential application in the making of new materials such as multiporous membranes capable of capturing large particles as well as small pollutant molecules. Polymer-Solvent Molecular Compounds gives a detailed description of these promising systems. The first chapter is devoted to the presentation of important investigational techniques and some theoretical approaches. The second chapter is devoted to biopolymers, the first polymers known to produce molecular compounds, chiefly with water. The third chapter deals with synthetic polymers where compound formation is either due to hydrogen-bonding or to electrostatic interactions. The fourth chapter describes intercalates and clathrates systems for which compound formation is mainly due to a molecular recognition process. First book on the subject Gives a short but exhaustive description of investigational tools Covers both biopolymers and synthetic polymers Uses temperature-concentration phase diagrams abundantly for describing the systems Describes systems from the nano to the microscopic level, including mechanical properties

Polymer Solvent Complexes and Intercalates II

Polymer Solvent Complexes and Intercalates II
Author: Gaetano Guerra,Vittoria Vittoria
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 272
Release: 1999-10-15
ISBN: 9783527298068
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polymer Solvent Complexes and Intercalates II Book Excerpt:

This book contains selected contributions of the symposium "Second International Conference on Polymer-Solvent Complexes and Intercalates" held in Ischia in August 1998. In detail many aspects of the polymer-solvent interactions and dynamics in solids, surfaces, gels and solutions are discussed. Polymer chemists and physicists will find this volume invaluable in updating their information and increasing their understanding in this important area.

Synthesis and Properties of Low and High Molecular Compounds

Synthesis and Properties of Low  and High Molecular Compounds
Author: Gennadiĭ Efremovich Zaikov,Irina V. Savenkova,Klara Z. Gumargalieva
Publsiher: Nova Publishers
Total Pages: 349
Release: 2006
ISBN: 9781594547164
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Synthesis and Properties of Low and High Molecular Compounds Book Excerpt:

The main goal of this book is to describe the synthesis and properties of low and high-molecular compounds on the quantitative level. Special attention was given to composition materials based on polymers and dispersed wood, the mechanism of HCL elimination reactions via a four-centre transition state during PVC thermal destruction, swelling of the filled polymer compositions, structure and properties of combined systems based on butadiene-nitrile and ternary ethylene-propylene elastomers, intensification mass transfer processes in fast liquid-phase chemical reactions, the examples of hetero-nanophase kinetic description of photochemical reactions, the nanometric particle-like local structures and their implications in polymer behaviour, fractal physical chemistry of polymer solutions, modification of polycyanurates by polyethers, polyesters and polyurethanes, hybrid and interpenetrating polymer networks. This collection includes articles devoted to production of polymers, polymeric mixtures, composite and filled polymers, questions of expanding lifetime of polymeric articles, biologically active substances, modification of polymers and polymer-analogous transformations, fractal physical chemistry of polymer solutions, the study of structural transformations in polymers and some other questions. Of special attention are also production of pure substances and protection of the environment.

Polymer Solvent Complexes and Intercalates

Polymer Solvent Complexes and Intercalates
Author: Jean Michel Guenet
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2001-08-15
ISBN: 9783527303281
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polymer Solvent Complexes and Intercalates Book Excerpt:

This volume contains the proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Polymer-Solvent Complexes and Intercalates held in Besancon, France in August 2000. As the reader will discover, results from various topics involving polymers, polyelectrolytes, polymer-like systems (self-assembling molecules, biological molecules), surfaces etc. were presented and discussed. They highlight the growing impact of this field on various scientific domains, and also the building of a scientific community concerned by the same questions.

Organogels

Organogels
Author: Jean-Michel Guenet
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 122
Release: 2016-05-14
ISBN: 3319331787
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Organogels Book Excerpt:

This book provides a physics-oriented introduction to organogels with a comparison to polymer thermoreversible gels whenever relevant. The past decade has seen the development of a wide variety of newly-synthesized molecules that can spontaneously self-assemble or crystallize from their organic or aqueous solutions to produce fibrillar networks, namely organogels, with potential applications in organic electronics, light harvesting, bio-imaging, non-linear optics, and the like. This compact volume presents a detailed outlook of these novel molecular systems with special emphasis upon their thermodynamics, morphology, molecular structure, and rheology. The definition of these complex systems is also tackled, as well as the role of the solvent. The text features numerous temperature-phase diagrams for a variety of organogels as well as illustrations of their structures at the microscopic, mesoscopic and macroscopic level. A review of some potential applications is provided including hybrid functional materials with polymers and with carbon nanotubes. Throughout, discussions of theoretical developments and experimental advances are written at a level suitable for beginning graduate students through practicing researchers.

The Fractal Physical Chemistry of Polymer Solutions and Melts

The Fractal Physical Chemistry of Polymer Solutions and Melts
Author: G. V. Kozlov,I. V. Doblin,Gennady E. Zaikov
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2013-12-12
ISBN: 1926895819
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Fractal Physical Chemistry of Polymer Solutions and Melts Book Excerpt:

This book provides an important structural analysis of polymer solutions and melts, using fractal analysis. The book covers the theoretical fundamentals of macromolecules fractal analysis. It then goes on to discuss the fractal physics of polymer solutions and the fractal physics of melts. The intended audience of the book includes specialists in chemistry and physics of polymer synthesis and those in the field of polymers and polymer composites processing.

Synthetic Metal Containing Polymers

Synthetic Metal Containing Polymers
Author: Ian Manners
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2006-05-12
ISBN: 3527605088
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Synthetic Metal Containing Polymers Book Excerpt:

The development of the field of synthetic metal-containing polymers - where metal atoms form an integral part of the main chain or side group structure of a polymer - aims to create new materials which combine the processability of organic polymers with the physical or chemical characteristics associated with the metallic element or complex. This book covers the major developments in the synthesis, properties, and applications of synthetic metal-containing macromolecules, and includes chapters on the preparation and characterization of metal-containing polymers, metallocene-based polymers, rigid-rod organometallic polymers, coordination polymers, polymers containing main group metals, and also covers dendritic and supramolecular systems. The book describes both polymeric materials with metals in the main chain or side group structure and covers the literature up to the end of 2002.

Crystallization of Polymers

Crystallization of Polymers
Author: Marcel Dosière
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 653
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 9401119503
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Crystallization of Polymers Book Excerpt:

Since the discovery that polymer single crystals are composed of chain folded macromolecules in 1957, the crystallization of polymers has attracted considerable interest and still provides fascinating and fruitful areas of research. Only a few books have been fully devoted to the crystallization of polymers in the past. This book contains the proceedings of the NATO ARW devoted to the `Crystallization of Polymers' which took place in September 1992 at the University of Mons-Hainaut (Belgium). In view of the variety of papers devoted to the crystallization of polymers, this book will be used in the next few years as a reference book for scientists concerned in the field of polymer physical chemistry. Crystallization of Polymers is mainly devoted to the experimental and theoretical study of the crystallization of synthetic polymers. As a kinetic study of the growth of polymer crystals should always be preceded by a morphological or a structural investigation, the structure, the morphology of polymer crystals and more particularly the lamellar and supralamellar organizations, as well as the nature of the crystal amorphous interface are reviewed and discussed.

CRC Handbook of Enthalpy Data of Polymer Solvent Systems

CRC Handbook of Enthalpy Data of Polymer Solvent Systems
Author: Christian Wohlfarth
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 638
Release: 2006-02-21
ISBN: 9780849393617
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

CRC Handbook of Enthalpy Data of Polymer Solvent Systems Book Excerpt:

The CRC Handbook of Enthalpy Data of Polymer-Solvent Systems presents data that is as essential to the production, process design, and use of polymers as it is to understanding the physical behavior and intermolecular interactions in polymer solutions and in developing thermodynamic polymer models. Providing an all-encompassing collection of current enthalpy data for all types of polymer solutions, this handbook is a ready companion with Christian Wohlfarth’s previously published handbooks of thermodynamic data for copolymer solutions, aqueous polymer solutions, and polymer solutions at elevated pressures, which contain only a small amount of enthalpic data in comparison to the data presented here. This volume contains 1770 data sets that include enthalpies of mixing and dilution for the entire concentration range as well as partial enthalpies of mixing and solution at infinite dilution. Special appendices allow scientists to access specific systems and data easily. The CRC Handbook of Enthalpy Data of Polymer-Solvent Systems is a practical, one-stop resource that allows polymer chemists, biochemists, chemical engineers, materials scientists, and physical chemists involved in both industrial and laboratory processes to quickly retrieve relevant information as needed.

Polymer Solvent Complexes and Intercalates V Lorient France 2004

Polymer Solvent Complexes and Intercalates V  Lorient  France   2004
Author: Yves Grohens
Publsiher: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH
Total Pages: 296
Release: 2005
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polymer Solvent Complexes and Intercalates V Lorient France 2004 Book Excerpt:

A look at all aspects of polymer– and biopolymer–solvent interactions, structure and dynamics in solutions, gels, solids and interfaces.

Polymer Nanofibers

Polymer Nanofibers
Author: Dario Pisignano
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 300
Release: 2013-05-24
ISBN: 1849737746
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polymer Nanofibers Book Excerpt:

Research into polymer nanofibers has increased significantly over the last decade, prompting the need for a comprehensive monograph examining the subject as knowledge of their properties and potential applications has increased. Postgraduate students and researchers new to the field will benefit from the "from materials to applications" approach to the book, which examines the physio-chemical properties in detail, demonstrating how they can be exploited for a diverse range of applications, including the production of light and wound dressings. Techniques for the fabrication, notably electrospinning, are discussed at length. This book provides a unique and accessible source of information, summarising the last decade of the field and presenting an entry point for those entering the field and an inspiration to established workers. The author is currently the national coordinator for several research projects examining the applications of polymer nanofibers, alongside active international collaborations.

Physical Properties of Macromolecules

Physical Properties of Macromolecules
Author: Laurence A. Belfiore
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 528
Release: 2010-10-19
ISBN: 9780470551585
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Physical Properties of Macromolecules Book Excerpt:

Explains and analyzes polymer physical chemistry research methods and experimental data Taking a fresh approach to polymer physical chemistry, Physical Properties of Macromolecules integrates the two foundations of physical polymer science, theory and practice. It provides the tools to understand polymer science concepts and research methods, while also instructing how to analyze experimental data. Drawing on the author's own extensive research in physical properties of polymers as well as more traditional topics, this text offers detailed analysis of numerous problems in polymer science, including laboratory data and research results. Topics include: Solid-state dynamics of polymeric materials Glass transitions in amorphous polymers Semicrystalline polymers and melting transitions Viscoelastic behavior Relaxation processes Macromolecule-metal complexes Mechanical properties of linear and crosslinked polymers Filled with detailed graphs to help explain important quantitative trends, Physical Properties of Macromolecules teaches by example, ensuring comprehension of the subject as well as the methodology to implement theory, problem-solving techniques, and research results in practical situations. This resource serves as the ideal companion for government laboratories, industrial research scientists, engineers, and professionals in polymer science fields who are interested in fully grasping all aspects of physical polymer science.

Handbook of Thermoplastics

Handbook of Thermoplastics
Author: Olagoke Olabisi,Kolapo Adewale
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 1080
Release: 1997-03-19
ISBN: 9780824797973
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Thermoplastics Book Excerpt:

Offers coverage of all known commodity, transitional, engineering, high-temperature and high-performance thermoplastics, and analyzes emerging developments in the creation of new thermoplastics. The text examines: important issues in the field for each substance discussed, including history, development and commercialization; polymer formation mechanisms and process technologies; the affect of structural and phase characteristics on properties; the commercial relevance of thermoplastic blends, alloys, copolymers and composites; and more.

Polymer Morphology

Polymer Morphology
Author: Qipeng Guo
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 464
Release: 2016-03-29
ISBN: 1118892763
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polymer Morphology Book Excerpt:

With a focus on structure-property relationships, this book describes how polymer morphology affects properties and how scientists can modify them. The book covers structure development, theory, simulation, and processing; and discusses a broad range of techniques and methods. • Provides an up-to-date, comprehensive introduction to the principles and practices of polymer morphology • Illustrates major structure types, such as semicrystalline morphology, surface-induced polymer crystallization, phase separation, self-assembly, deformation, and surface topography • Covers a variety of polymers, such as homopolymers, block copolymers, polymer thin films, polymer blends, and polymer nanocomposites • Discusses a broad range of advanced and novel techniques and methods, like x-ray diffraction, thermal analysis, and electron microscopy and their applications in the morphology of polymer materials

Nanofiber Membranes for Medical Environmental and Energy Applications

Nanofiber Membranes for Medical  Environmental  and Energy Applications
Author: Ahmad Fauzi Ismail,Nidal Hilal,Juhana Jaafar,Chris Wright
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 248
Release: 2019-07-30
ISBN: 1351174029
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanofiber Membranes for Medical Environmental and Energy Applications Book Excerpt:

This book focuses on the nanofiber membrane’s fabrication, characterization, and performance for medical, environment and energy applications. Topics include polymer, inorganic and composite-form nanofiber membrane materials. Top Research teams from varied disciplines and continents outline applied nanofiber membrane fabrication techniques and characterizations. Promising nanofiber membranes for improving and enhancing technologies used in drug delivery, wound healing, tissue engineering, water and wastewater treatment and purification, gas separation and purification, air purification, and fuel cells are discussed along with the likely path forward for commercial usage. Key Features: Shares the most recent discovery solutions from experts all over the globe for the numerous problems in medical, environmental and energy applications. Provides a holistic cycle of nanofiber membrane development which comprehensively discusses the membrane preparation, characterizations, performance and the way forward for a specific process and application. Explains the mechanism of separation and purification. Focuses on the nanofiber membrane’s fabrication, characterizations, and performance in various scenarios and commercial applications.

Polymer Yearbook 16

Polymer Yearbook 16
Author: Richard A. Pethrick
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 394
Release: 1999-06-23
ISBN: 9789057024733
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polymer Yearbook 16 Book Excerpt:

Polymer Yearbooks provide reviews of Japanese and Russian polymer science not otherwise readily available in English. An essential desk reference of general interest to polymer scientists, they contain reviews covering topics in polymer synthesis, degradation, renewable polymer sources, drug release, thermodynamics of polymers under shear, etc. The books also contain lists of recent publications in polymer science and a compilation of dissertation abstracts. Names and addresses of research annuals in polymer science and their editors are listed, together with useful information such as standard abbreviations and trade names. Containing summaries of useful physical, chemical, and mathematical data along with definitions of terms in polymer science, the Polymer Yearbook is a must for any practicing polymer chemist.This volume also contains reviews on state-of-the-art Japanese research presented in the annual Spring and Fall meetings of the Japanese Polymer Science Society. The aim of this section is to make information on the progress of Japanese polymer science, and on topics of current interest to polymer scientists in Japan, more easily available worldwide.

Metallopolymer Nanocomposites

Metallopolymer Nanocomposites
Author: A.D. Pomogailo,V.N. Kestelman
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 564
Release: 2006-01-27
ISBN: 3540265236
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Metallopolymer Nanocomposites Book Excerpt:

This book presents and analyzes the essential data on nanoscale metal clusters dispersed in, or chemically bonded with polymers. Special attention is paid to the in situ synthesis of the nanocomposites, their chemical interactions, and the size and distribution of the particles in the polymer matrix. Numerous novel nanocomposites are described with regard to their mechanical, electrophysical, optical, magnetic, catalytic and biological properties. Their applications, present and future, are outlined.

The Physics and Fabrication of Microstructures and Microdevices

The Physics and Fabrication of Microstructures and Microdevices
Author: Michael J. Kelly,Claude Weisbuch
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 472
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 3642714463
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Physics and Fabrication of Microstructures and Microdevices Book Excerpt:

les Houches This Winter School on "The Physics and Fabrication of Microstructures" originated with a European industrial decision to investigate in some detail the potential of custom-designed microstructures for new devices. Beginning in 1985, GEC and THOMSON started a collaboration on these subjects, supported by an ESPRIT grant from the Commission of the European Com munity. To the outside observer of the whole field, it appears clear that the world effort is very largely based in the United States and Japan. It also appears that cooperation and dissemination of results are very well organised outside Europe and act as a major influence on the development of new concepts and devices. In Japan, a main research programme of the Research and Development for Basic Technology for Future Industries is focused on "Future Electron Devices". In Japan and in the United States, many workshops are organised annually in order to bring together the major specialists in industry and academia, allowing fast dissemination of advances and contacts for setting up cooperative efforts.

Polystyrene

Polystyrene
Author: J. R. Wünsch
Publsiher: iSmithers Rapra Publishing
Total Pages: 180
Release: 2000
ISBN: 9781859571910
Category: Polystyrene
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polystyrene Book Excerpt:

This review describes the production of styrene polymers in detail, including the synthesis of raw materials, polymerisation routes to polystyrene, production of high impact polystyrene and anionic block copolymers. The review also describes the mechanical properties of styrenic polymers, their electrical properties, and their behaviour in fire. An additional indexed section containing several hundred abstracts from the Rapra Polymer Library database gives useful references for further reading.

Chemistry of Polysaccharides

Chemistry of Polysaccharides
Author: Gennady Zaikov
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 375
Release: 2005-04-18
ISBN: 9067644196
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chemistry of Polysaccharides Book Excerpt:

This monograph summarizes scientific achievements in the field of polysaccharide chemistry performed in the last decade. For the first time, the particular features of polysaccharide structure, physical-chemical properties and biochemical transformations in their interrelations are considered as well as the questions of polysaccharide modification along the whole hierarchical chain, including starch mono-, di-, oligo- and polysaccharides, chitin, chitozan and cellulose. Polysaccharide interactions with diverse solvents and low-molecular, macrocyclic and high-molecular substances in solutions are scrutinized. Several aspects of mechanical-chemical modification of polysaccharides in solid state and in gel are observed. Modern concepts of enzyme degradation of polysaccharides and technologies of natural polymers processing are analyzed. The book is intended for wide range of readers: students, post graduates, engineers and scientists engaged in polymer chemistry, organic and physical chemistry.