Plastics Technology Handbook Third Edition

Plastics Technology Handbook  Third Edition
Author: Manas Chanda,Salil K. Roy
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 1214
Release: 1998-04-10
ISBN: 9780824700669
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Plastics Technology Handbook Third Edition Book Excerpt:

"Completely updated and enlarged to reflect the advances that have taken place since the publication of the Second Edition. Third Edition offers concise examinations of the chemical nature, characteristic properties, and uses of traditional industrial polymers, such as acrylics, polyolefins, vinyl polymers, polyesters, epoxies, and silicones, among others."

Polymers and Plastics Technology Handbook

Polymers and Plastics Technology Handbook
Author: NIIR Board
Publsiher: ASIA PACIFIC BUSINESS PRESS Inc.
Total Pages: 424
Release: 2004-07-05
ISBN: 8178330768
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polymers and Plastics Technology Handbook Book Excerpt:

Plastics play a very important role in our daily lives. Throughout the world the demand for plastic, particularly plastic packaging, continues to rapidly grow. Polymer technology deals with the manufacture and production of polymer and synthetic substances. Plastic is incredibly versatile and can be made from different ingredients, moulded into any shape, and put to a huge range of uses across industry and the rest of society, from carrier bags to electrical cables. Polymer energy system is an award winning, innovative, proprietary process to convert waste plastics into renewable energy. Some of the important example of polymers and plastics are polytetra fluoroethylene (PTFE), polyether sulphone (PES), phenol-formaldehyde (PF), polyolefins, vinyl polymers, thermoplastic polyesters, polysulfones, poly(phenylene sulfide), etc. Polymers are the most rapidly growing sector of the materials industry. The Indian plastic industry has taken great strides. In the last few decades, the industry has grown to the status of a leading sector in the country with a sizable base. The material is gaining notable importance in different spheres of activity and the per capita consumption is increasing at a fast pace. Continuous advancements and developments in polymer technology, processing machineries, expertise, and cost effective manufacturing is fast replacing the typical materials in different segments with plastics. On the basis of value added, Indian share of plastic products industry is about 0.5% of national GDP. The major contents of the book are properties and applications of speciality plastics, thermoset plastics, applications of recycle plastics, introduction of polymer science, polymer additives, blends and composites, commodity thermoplastics and fibres etc. This book also consists of raw material suppliers for plastic and plastic products, manufacturers of plastic, processing machinery, plastics processing machinery and equipment (foreign), machinery and equipment for plastic converting, extruders and extrusion lines, injection moulding machines, presses and accessories, blow moulding and thermoforming machines etc. The book has been designed with the idea of blending and integrating basic polymer science and the technology of plastics into a composite structure. This book is an outcome of an endeavour in the direction of polymer and plastic processing. It would be of immense use to entrepreneurs, consultants, students and libraries etc.

Plastics Technology Handbook Fourth Edition

Plastics Technology Handbook  Fourth Edition
Author: Manas Chanda,Salil K. Roy
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 896
Release: 2006-12-19
ISBN: 1420006363
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Plastics Technology Handbook Fourth Edition Book Excerpt:

Because the field of plastics is one of the fastest changing areas today, the need arises to offer relevant, comprehensive material on polymers. An established source of information on modern plastics, the Plastics Technology Handbook continues to provide up-to-date coverage on the properties, processing methods, and applications of polymers. Retaining the easy-to-follow structure of the previous editions, this fourth edition includes new topics of interest that reflect recent developments and lead to better insights into the molecular behavior of polymers. New to the Fourth Edition Advances in supramolecular polymerization, flame retardancy, polymer-based nanomedicines, and drug delivery The new concept of oxo-biodegradable polymers Broadened discussion on plastic foams and foam extrusion processes More information on the processing and applications of industrial polymers, including the emerging field of nanoblends Developments in polymer synthesis and applications, such as polymeric sensors, hydrogels and smart polymers, hyperbranched polymers, shape memory polymers, polymeric optical fibers, scavenger resins, polymer nanocomposites, polymerization-filled composites, and wood-polymer composites A state-of-the-art account of the various available methods for plastics recycling Advances in the use of polymers in packaging, construction, the automotive and aerospace industries, agriculture, electronics and electrical technology, biomedical applications, corrosion prevention, and sports and marine applications Plastics Technology Handbook, Fourth Edition thoroughly covers traditional industrial polymers and their processing methods as well as contemporary polymeric materials, recent trends, and the latest applications.

Handbook of Plastics Technologies

Handbook of Plastics Technologies
Author: Charles A. Harper
Publsiher: McGraw Hill Professional
Total Pages: 900
Release: 2010-05-27
ISBN: 0071491864
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Plastics Technologies Book Excerpt:

Understand, design, and manufacture plastics This resource provides you with the state-of-the-art information for the design, manufacture and application of plastics as well as its cutting-edge usage in nanotechnology. Includes the latest industry specifications and standards Covers the latest recycling methods

Plastics Technology Handbook

Plastics Technology Handbook
Author: Manas Chanda
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 1012
Release: 2017-11-07
ISBN: 1498786227
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Plastics Technology Handbook Book Excerpt:

Updated throughout to reflect advances over the last decade, the Fifth Edition continues the handbook’s tradition of authoritative coverage of fundamentals, production methods, properties, and applications of plastics and polymer-based materials. It covers tooling for plastics fabrication processes, thermoplastics, thermosetting plastics, foamed plastics, reinforced plastics, plastisols, and new developments in mold design. It also discusses rubber compounding and processing technologies. More recent developments in polymer fabrication and processing, including electrospinning, electrografted coating, polymer-metal hybrid joining, flex printing, and rapid prototyping/ 3D printing, are also presented. The handbook highlights advanced materials including natural and synthetic gfnanosize polymers, their unusual properties, and innovative applications, as well as polymer-carbon nanocomposites, graphene-based polymer nanocomposites, smart healable polymer composites, smart polymer coatings, electroactive polymers, polymer nanomaterials, and novel nano-/microfibrillar polymer composites. It offers updates on polymer solar battery development, plastics recycling and disposal methods, new concepts of "upcycling" and single-polymer composites, renewable synthetic polymers, biodegradable plastics and composites, and toxicity of plastics. The book also provides an overview of new developments in polymer applications in various fields including packaging, building and construction, corrosion prevention and control, automotive, aerospace applications, electrical and electronic applications, agriculture and horticulture, domestic appliances and business machines, medical and biomedical applications, marine and offshore applications, and sports.

Fundamentals of Modern Manufacturing

Fundamentals of Modern Manufacturing
Author: Mikell P. Groover
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 1024
Release: 2010-01-07
ISBN: 0470467002
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fundamentals of Modern Manufacturing Book Excerpt:

Engineers rely on Groover because of the book’s quantitative and engineering-oriented approach that provides more equations and numerical problem exercises. The fourth edition introduces more modern topics, including new materials, processes and systems. End of chapter problems are also thoroughly revised to make the material more relevant. Several figures have been enhanced to significantly improve the quality of artwork. All of these changes will help engineers better understand the topic and how to apply it in the field.

The Complete Technology Book on Industrial Polymers Additives Colourants and Fillers

The Complete Technology Book on Industrial Polymers  Additives  Colourants and Fillers
Author: NIIR Board of Consultants & Engineers
Publsiher: ASIA PACIFIC BUSINESS PRESS Inc.
Total Pages: 512
Release: 2006-01-01
ISBN: 8178330091
Category: Polymers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Complete Technology Book on Industrial Polymers Additives Colourants and Fillers Book Excerpt:

The Indian plastic and polymer industry has taken great strides. In the last few decades, the industry has grown to the status of a leading sector in the country with a sizable base. The material is gaining notable importance in different spheres of activity and the per capita consumption is increasing at a fast pace. Numerous plastics and fibers are produced from synthetic polymers; containers from propylene, coating materials from PVC, packaging film from polyethylene, experimental apparatus from Teflon, stockings from nylon fiber, there are too many to mention them all. The reason why plastics are popular is that they may offer such advantages as transparency, self lubrication, light weight, flexibility, economy in fabricating and decorating. Properties of plastics can be modified through the use of fillers, reinforcing agents and chemical additives. Silicones are by far the most important industrial polymers and are based on silicon, an element abundantly available on our planet. Polymers are classified in three broad groups; addition polymers, condensation polymers and special polymers. It is well known that the major consumption of additives is in PVC compounds. Approximately 80% of additives are being used in PVC; however the left over 20% is consumed in compounding of other thermoplastics. Plastic master batches and fillers have their own importance in plastic processing industries. Colorants are the materials that give colour and opacity to plastics are chemically characterized as either pigments or dyes. Pigments are finely pulverized natural or synthetic particles which may be of inorganic or organic origin and insoluble in the matrix in which they are dispersed. Permanent red 2B is a mono azo pigment that is widely used in thermoplastics because it is inexpensive and has high tinting strength and good bleed resistance. Fillers are commonly employed in opaque PVC compounds to reduce cost and to improve electrical insulation properties, to improve deformation resistance of cables, to increase the hardness of a flooring compound and to reduce tackiness of highly plasticized compounds. Various calcium carbonate are used for general purpose work, china clay is commonly employed for electrical insulation, and asbestos for flooring applications. Also employed occasionally are the silicas and silicates, talc, light magnesium carbonate and barites (barium sulfate). Polymer Energy system is an award winning, innovative, proprietary process to convert waste plastics into renewable energy. Polymers are the most rapidly growing sector of the materials industry. No wonder polymers are found in everything from compact discs to high tech aerospace applications. On the basis of value added, Indian share of plastic products industry is about 0.5% of national GDP. Some of the astonishing fundamentals of the book are industrial polymers, addition polymers polyolefins, polyethylene, chlorinated polyethylene, cross linked polyethylene, linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE), high molecular weight polyethylene, high density polyethylene, ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene, polypropylene, poly(vinyl chloride), stabilizers, plasticizers, extenders, mineral filled or glass bead/milled glass grades, antistatic/electro conductive grades, electroplatable grades, etc. The present book enlightens the processing of industrial polymers, additives, colourant and fillers. This book is an invaluable resource to new entrepreneurs, technocrats, researchers, professionals etc.

The Complete Technology Book of Essential Oils Aromatic Chemicals Reprint 2011

The Complete Technology Book of Essential Oils  Aromatic Chemicals  Reprint 2011
Author: NIIR Board
Publsiher: ASIA PACIFIC BUSINESS PRESS Inc.
Total Pages: 640
Release: 2011-02-09
ISBN: 8178330660
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Complete Technology Book of Essential Oils Aromatic Chemicals Reprint 2011 Book Excerpt:

Essential oils are also known as volatile oils, ethereal oils or aetherolea, or simply as the oil of the plant from which they were extracted. Essential oils are generally used in perfumes, cosmetics, soaps and other products, for flavoring food and drink, and for adding scents to incense and household cleaning products. Various essential oils have been used medicinally at different periods in history. Medical applications proposed by those who sell medicinal oils range from skin treatments to remedies for cancer, and often are based solely on historical accounts of use of essential oils for these purposes. Interest in essential oils has revived in recent decades with the popularity of aromatherapy, a branch of alternative medicine that claims that essential oils and other aromatic compounds have curative effects. Oils are volatilized or diluted in carrier oil and used in massage, diffused in the air by a nebulizer, heated over a candle flame, or burned as incense. This book describes about the physicochemical properties, chemical composition, distillation, yield, quality of essential oils, process of extraction of essential oils, manufacture of essential oils, products derived from essential oils and so on. The book in your hands contains formulae, processes, and test parameters of different types of essential oils derived from different natural sources. This is very helpful book for new entrepreneurs, professionals, institutions and for those who are already engaged in this field.

The Complete Technology Book on Plastic Films HDPE and Thermoset Plastics

The Complete Technology Book on Plastic Films  HDPE and Thermoset Plastics
Author: NIIR Board of Consultants & Engineers
Publsiher: ASIA PACIFIC BUSINESS PRESS Inc.
Total Pages: 608
Release: 2006-01-01
ISBN: 8178330113
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Complete Technology Book on Plastic Films HDPE and Thermoset Plastics Book Excerpt:

Plastic Films, HDPE and Thermoset Plastics are now an accepted part of the industrial and domestic scenes but this growth has been comparatively recent. Plastic films are typically used for sealing food items in containers to keep them fresh over a longer period of time. Plastic wrap, typically sold on rolls in boxes with a cutting edge, clings to many smooth surfaces and can thus remain tight over the opening of a container without adhesive or other devices. The past several years have seen numerous plastic films developed for the packaging industry, the most used today being polyethylene. Cast polypropylene film, like polyethylene film is unoriented (not stretched), but it was found that an improved film could be obtained by orientation (stretching the cast in one or more directions). Biaxial orientation is the process whereby the continuous cast film or sheet of plastic is heated up to brings it to a temperature that makes it stretchable. BOPP film possesses superior tensile strength, flexibility, toughness, shrink ability, good barrier and optical characteristics. The use of polyethylene terephthalate film is increasing considerably in recent years in videos audio magnetic tapes, computer tapes, photo and X ray films, power capacitors, insulation tapes and metalling for artificial zari. High density polyethylene (HDPE) or polyethylene high density (PEHD) is a polyethylene thermoplastic made from petroleum. The major applications of HDPE are in the manufacturing of containers, pipes, house wares, toys, filament, woven sacks, film, wire and cable insulation. HDPE is lighter than water, and can be moulded, machined, and joined together using welding (difficult to glue). Thermoset, or thermosetting plastics are synthetic materials that strengthen during being heated, but cannot be successfully remolded or reheated after their initial heat forming. This is in contrast to thermoplastics, which soften when heated and harden and strengthen after cooling. Thermoplastics can be heated, shaped and cooled as often as necessary without causing a chemical change, while thermosetting plastics will burn when heated after the initial molding. Additionally, thermoplastics tend to be easier to mold than thermosetting plastics, which also take a longer time to produce (due to the time it takes to cure the heated material). Some of the astonishing fundamentals of the book are salient features of contemporary, technology and current research, three basic processes: advances, modern polyethylene, processes using high yield catalysts, solution polymerization processes, polyolefins, low density polyethylene, polyvinylidene chloride (PVDC), vinyl chloride/vinyl acetate copolymers, polyvinyl acetate, polyvinyl alcohol, physical and chemical properties, manufacturing methods, extrusion of film, slit die extrusion (flat film extrusion), comparison of blow and cast film processes, water cooled polypropylene film, calendaring, solvent, casting, casting of regenerated cellulose film, orientation of film, expanded films, plastics net from film, unsaturated polyester and vinyl ester resins, thermoset polyurethanes, guidelines and theories in compounding polyurethane elastomers, compounding for thermoset polyurethane elastomers, cellulose and cellulose derivatives, thermoplastic polymers etc. The present books offer an up to date overview of the processing of plastic films, HDPE and thermoset plastics. This book is suitable for entrepreneurs, researchers, professionals, technical institutions etc.

Handbook on Printing Technology Offset Flexo Gravure Screen Digital 3D Printing with Book Binding and CTP 4th Revised Edition

Handbook on Printing Technology  Offset  Flexo  Gravure  Screen  Digital  3D Printing with Book Binding and CTP  4th Revised Edition
Author: NIIR Board of Consultants & Engineers
Publsiher: ASIA PACIFIC BUSINESS PRESS Inc.
Total Pages: 616
Release: 2019-03-12
ISBN: 8194099501
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook on Printing Technology Offset Flexo Gravure Screen Digital 3D Printing with Book Binding and CTP 4th Revised Edition Book Excerpt:

Printing is a process for reproducing text and image, typically with ink on paper using a printing press. It is often carried out as a large-scale industrial process, and is an essential part of publishing and transaction printing. Modern technology is radically changing the way publications are printed, inventoried and distributed. Printing technology market is growing, due to technological proliferation along with increasing applications of commercial printing across end users. In India, the market for printing technology is at its nascent stage; however offers huge growth opportunities in the coming years. The major factors boosting the growth of offset printing press market are the growth of packaging industry across the globe, increasing demand in graphic applications, the wide range of application in various industry, and industrialization. 3D printing market is estimated to garner $8.6 billion in coming years. The global digital printing packaging market is expected to exceed more than US$ 40.02 billion by 2026 at a CAGR of 13.9%. Computer-to-plate systems are increasingly being combined with all digital prepress and printing processes. This book is dedicated to the Printing Industry. In this book, the details of printing methods and applications are given. The book throws light on the materials required for the same and the various processes involved. This popular book has been organized to provide readers with a firmer grasp of how printing technologies are revolutionizing the industry. The major content of the book are principles of contact (impression), principles of noncontact printing, coated grades and commercial printing, tests for gravure printing, tests for letterpress printing, tests for offset printing, screen printing, application of screen printing, offset lithography, planography, materials, tools and equipments, sheetfed offset machines, web offset machines, colour and its reproduction, quality control in printing, flexography, rotogravure, creative frees printer, shaftless spearheads expansion, digital printing, 3D printing, 3D printing machinery, book binding, computer-to-plate (ctp) and photographs of machinery with suppliers contact details. A total guide to manufacturing and entrepreneurial success in one of today's most printing industry. This book is one-stop guide to one of the fastest growing sectors of the printing industry, where opportunities abound for manufacturers, retailers, and entrepreneurs. This is the only complete handbook on the commercial production of printing products. It serves up a feast of how-to information, from concept to purchasing equipment.

The Complete Book on Biodegradable Plastics and Polymers Recent Developments Properties Analysis Materials Processes

The Complete Book on Biodegradable Plastics and Polymers  Recent Developments  Properties  Analysis  Materials   Processes
Author: NIIR Board of Consultants & Engineers
Publsiher: ASIA PACIFIC BUSINESS PRESS Inc.
Total Pages: 672
Release: 2006-10-01
ISBN: 8178330350
Category: Plastics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Complete Book on Biodegradable Plastics and Polymers Recent Developments Properties Analysis Materials Processes Book Excerpt:

Biodegradable plastics made with plant based materials have been available for many years. The term biodegradable means that a substance is able to be broken down into simpler substances by the activities of living organisms, and therefore is unlikely to persist in the environment. There are many different standards used to measure biodegradability, with each country having its own. The requirements range from 90 per cent to 60 per cent decomposition of the product within 60 to 180 days of being placed in a standard composting environment. They may be composed of either bio plastics, which are plastics whose components are derived from renewable raw materials, or petroleum based plastics which contain additives. Biodegradability of plastics is dependent on the chemical structure of the material and on constitution of the final product, not just on the raw materials used for its production. Polyesters play a predominant role as biodegradable plastics due to their potentially hydrolysable ester bonds. Bio based polymers are divided into three categories based on their origin and production; polymer directly extracted from biomass, polymers produced by classical chemical synthesis using renewable biomass monomer and polymers produces by microorganisms or genetically modified bacteria. In response to public concern about the effects of plastics on the environment and in particular the damaging effects of sea litter on animals and birds, legislation is being enacted or is pending in many countries to ban non degradable packing, finishing nets etc. This book basically deals with biodegradable plastics developments and environmental impacts, hydro biodegradable and photo biodegradable, starch synthetic aliphatic polyester blends, difference between standards for biodegradation, polybutylene succinate (pbs) and polybutylene, recent developments in the biopolymer industry, recent advances in synthesis of biopolymers by traditional methodologies, polymers, environmentally degradable synthetic biodegradable polymers as medical devices, polymers produced from classical chemical synthesis from bio based monomers, potential bio based packaging materials, conventional packaging materials, environmental impact of bio based materials: biodegradability and compostability, etc. Environmentally acceptable degradable polymers have been defined as polymers that degrade in the environment by several mechanisms and culminate in complete biodegradation so that no residue remains in the environment. The present book gives thorough information to biodegradable plastic and polymers. This is an excellent book for scientists engineers, students and industrial researchers in the field of bio based materials.

Handbook on Ayurvedic Medicines with Formulae Processes Their Uses 2nd Revised Edition

Handbook on Ayurvedic Medicines with Formulae  Processes   Their Uses  2nd Revised Edition
Author: H. Panda
Publsiher: NIIR PROJECT CONSULTANCY SERVICES
Total Pages: 576
Release: 2013-01-02
ISBN: 9381039259
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook on Ayurvedic Medicines with Formulae Processes Their Uses 2nd Revised Edition Book Excerpt:

Ayurvedic medicine (also called Ayurveda) is one of the world’s oldest medical systems. It originated in India and has evolved there over thousands of years. It is a holistic healing science. Ayurvedic practice involves the use of medications that typically contain herbs, metals, minerals, or other materials. Now-a-days people are attracted more towards Ayurvedic medicines as the allopathic medicines are costlier and have side effects. There is more and more scientific research being conducted in our country for treatment of various diseases by Ayurvedic and herbal therapy. Research on medicinal and cosmetic uses of herbs is contributing to the growth of herbal industry. A large number of ailments have Ayurvedic treatment much superior to the other system of medicines and this has been recognized world over. Medicine has become an increasingly accepted alternative medical treatment in America during the last two decades. Up to 80% of people in India use either Ayurveda or other traditional medicines. It is believed that building a healthy metabolic system, attaining good digestion and proper excretion leads to vitality. India is said to have advantage of well recorded and well practiced knowledge of traditional herbal medicines. Herbal products are in huge demand in the developed world for health care, for the reason that they are efficient, safe and have lesser side effects. Efforts have been made on this book to enable readers to explore details regarding medicinal plants and their processing, learn about the unique composition of Rooh Afza, a clinical study of Chyavanaprash produced by Ayurveda rasashala, a clinical assessment of effect of triphala inlipoma, formulae and processes of different types of Ayurvedic Medicines like churan, capsules, syrup, sharbat, pastes etc that are used in various ailments. It also highlights preparation and uses of every product accompanied with their formulations which offers relief from a variety of conditions, such as cold and flu symptoms, headaches, toothaches, sore throats, high cholesterol, vision problems, anxiety, depression etc. Special content on machinery equipment photographs along with supplier details has also been included.

The Complete Book on Waste Treatment Technologies Industrial Biomedical Water Electronic Municipal Household Kitchen Farm Animal Dairy Poultry Meat Fish Sea Food Industry Waste

The Complete Book on Waste Treatment Technologies  Industrial  Biomedical  Water  Electronic  Municipal  Household  Kitchen  Farm Animal  Dairy  Poultry  Meat  Fish   Sea Food Industry Waste
Author: Prof. Dr. Mahendra Pal
Publsiher: NIIR PROJECT CONSULTANCY SERVICES
Total Pages: 592
Release: 2015-01-11
ISBN: 9381039674
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Complete Book on Waste Treatment Technologies Industrial Biomedical Water Electronic Municipal Household Kitchen Farm Animal Dairy Poultry Meat Fish Sea Food Industry Waste Book Excerpt:

Waste management is a global problem that continues to increase with rapid industrialization, population growth, and economic development. As the world hurtles towards the urban future, the amount of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) is growing very fast. Wastes are generally classified into solid, liquid, & gaseous and are broadly classified as household waste; municipal waste; commercial and non-hazardous industrial wastes; hazardous (toxic) industrial wastes; construction and demolition waste; health care wastes – waste generated in health care facilities (e.g. hospitals, medical research facilities); human and animal wastes; and incinerator wastes. The fast industrialization, urbanization, modern technology, and rapidly growing population in India have posed a serious challenge to the waste management. In India, per capita generation rate of municipal solid waste ranges from 0.2 to 0.5 kg/day. At present, the daily generation rate in South Asia, East Asia and the Pacific combined is approximately 1.0 million tons per day. Hazard management is essentially a problem solving process aimed at defining problems (identifying hazards), gathering information about them (assessing the risks) and solving them (controlling the risks). Integrated solid waste management is a comprehensive waste prevention, recycling, composting, and disposal programme. Disposing the waste in an environmentally friendly manner is highly crucial to all the nations of the world including India. The goal of urban solid waste management is to collect, treat and dispose of solid waste generated by the all the city dwellers in an environmentally, and socially satisfactory manner by using the most economical methods available. The major contents of the book are types of waste, human pathogens in animal agriculture production systems, pathogen reductions during waste treatment, aerosolization of pathogens etc. It will be a standard reference book for professionals, entrepreneurs, students, teachers, researchers, administrators, and planners of various disciplines who are directly or indirectly involved in the waste management. 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Herbal Cosmetics Handbook 3rd Revised Edition

Herbal Cosmetics Handbook  3rd Revised Edition
Author: H Panda
Publsiher: ASIA PACIFIC BUSINESS PRESS Inc.
Total Pages: 672
Release: 2015-04-09
ISBN: 8178330806
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Herbal Cosmetics Handbook 3rd Revised Edition Book Excerpt:

Cosmetics have been in utilization for more than thousands years. More commonly known as make- up, it includes a host of skin products like foundation, lip colors etc. The international market for skincare and color cosmetics surpassed a sale of 53 billion dollars in 2002. The quantity and number of latest products brought to market both nationally and internationally continues to develop at a fast pace. Cosmetic chemists all the time are looking for attractive and striking material that enhances skin's appearance and healthiness. A huge collection of compounds is required to supply these products. The newest edition of the Cosmetics Toiletries and Fragrance Association (CTFA) Dictionary displays more than 10,000 raw materials and the list continues to increase with every year hundreds of new ingredients being added. The cosmetic chemistry has encompasses a vast area of study and one such is Herbal Cosmetics. Herbal cosmetics are the product of cosmetic chemistry, a science that combines the skills of specialists in chemistry, physics, biology, medicine and herbs. Since cosmetics are applied mostly to the skin, hair and nails, a brief description of the anatomy of these is desirable. Herbal cosmetic major users are girls and women who are very much peculiar about their skin type and requirement. Synthetic cosmetic being harsh and prone to more side- effects, herbal cosmetic is quickly replacing it and gaining a lot of popularity. As a result it has created an enormous market for itself both domestic as well as export market. Herbal Cosmetics Handbook has been featured as best seller. The book contains formulae, manufacturing processes of different herbal cosmetics like cosmetics for skin, nails, hair etc. It also covers analysis method of cosmetics, toxicity and test method. Some of the chapters of the book are: Classification of cosmetics Economic aspects, Cosmetic Emulsions, Cosmetics for the skin, Cosmetic Creams, Lubricating or Emollient Creams-Night Creams, Skin Protective and Hand Creams, Vanishing Creams-Foundation Creams, Liquid Creams, Cosmetic Lotions, Hand Lotions, Skin Toning Lotions-Skin Fresheners, Astringent Lotions, Hair Tonics and many more. The book will render useful purpose for new entrepreneurs, technologists, professionals, researchers and for those who want to extend their knowledge in the said field.

Plastics Technology Handbook Introduction properties fabrication processes

Plastics Technology Handbook  Introduction  properties  fabrication  processes
Author: Donald V. Rosato,Marlene G. Rosato,Nick R. Schott
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 1456
Release: 2010
ISBN: 9781606500798
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Plastics Technology Handbook Introduction properties fabrication processes Book Excerpt:

Provides a simplified, practical and innovative approach to understanding the design and manufacture of plastic products. This book sets out the basic principles of polymers, what they are and how plastics are formulated, processed, and manufactured.

Handbook on Pig Farming and Pork Processing

Handbook on Pig Farming and Pork Processing
Author: NPCS Board of Consultants & Engineers
Publsiher: NIIR PROJECT CONSULTANCY SERVICES
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2018-05-06
ISBN: 938103978X
Category: Pets
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook on Pig Farming and Pork Processing Book Excerpt:

Pig farming is the raising and breeding of pigs. Among the various livestock species, piggery is most potential source for meat production and pigs are more efficient feed converters after the broiler. Pig rearing has traditionally been in the main occupational axis of the socially backward down-trodden class of Indian population since time immemorial. But at present commercial pig farming has greatly changed social scenario of this business in India. Now everyone is conscious about the economic importance of pig farming. Pig farming for meat production is one of the best and profitable business ideas for people. There are several highly meat producing pig breeds available and Initial requirements of small investment, quick returns and utilization of bristles and manure further increase the importance of this animal. This handbook is designed for use by everyone engaged in the pork production. The book explains about how to raise and care for pigs, by choosing the right breed, how to house, feed and breed them, butchering process, manufacturing process of various pork products and sample plant layouts & process flow sheets with machinery details. Major contents of the book are behavior of pigs, feeding management, pig breeding, housing management, diseases, pork processing, sausages, bacon, cooked ham, chilling and freezing of meat, meat packaging. It will be a standard reference book for professionals, food technologists, entrepreneurs, and others interested in startup of pig farming and pork production. TAGS Pig Farming Project in India, Pig Farming Business Plan in India, Pig Farming in India, How to Start Piggery Farm, How to Start Pig Farming in India, Pig Farming Project Report, How to Start Pig Farming and Pork Processing Business, Pig Farming, How to Start Small Pig Farm, Piggery Farming, Small Scale Pig Farming, Pig Farming Guide, Opportunities in Small Scale Pig Farming, Pig Farming and Pork Processing, Industrial Pig Farming, Low Cost Pig Farming, Business of Pig Farming, Pig Farming Business, Industrial Livestock Farming, Starting Pig Farm, How to Start Pig Farming, How to Start Pig Farm Business, How to Start Commercial Pig Farming Business, How to Raise Pigs, Pig Farming for Beginners, Pig Farming Project, Pig Farming For Profit, Commercial Pig Farming, Guide to Start Your Own Piggery, Beginners Pig Farming Guide, Pig Farming Business Guide, Commercial Piggery Business, How to Start Profitable Pig Farming Business, How to Raise Pigs, Business Opportunities in Pig Farming, Raising Pigs for Meat, How to Raise Pig for Meat, How to Raise Pig for Profit on Small Farm, Pig Rearing, Rearing Pigs, Rearing Pigs for Meat, Pig Rearing Project, Profitable Pig Rearing, Guide to Profitable Investment in Pig Farming, Guide to Raising Pigs, Small Scale Pig Raising, Pig Farming Project Ideas, Projects on Small Scale Industries, Small Scale Industries Projects Ideas, Project Profile on Small Scale Industries, How to Start Pig Farming in India Project Report on Pig Farming, Detailed Project Report on Pig Farming, Project Report on Pig Farming, Pre-Investment Feasibility Study on Pig Farming, Techno-Economic Feasibility Study on Pig Farming, Feasibility Report on Pig Farming, Free Project Profile on Pig Farming ,Project Profile on Pig Farming, Download Free Project Profile on Pig Farming, Industrial Project Report, Project Consultant, Project Consultancy, NPCS, Niir, Process Technology Books, Business Consultancy, Business Consultant, Project Identification and Selection, Preparation of Project Profiles, Startup, Business Guidance, Business Guidance to Clients, Startup Project for Pig Farming, Startup Project, Startup Ideas, Project for Startups, Startup Project Plan, Business Start-Up, Business Plan for Startup Business, Great Opportunity for Startup, Small Start-Up Business Project, Project Report for Bank Loan, Project Report for Bank Finance, Project Report Format for Bank Loan in Excel, Excel Format of Project Report and CMA Data, Project Report Bank Loan Excel, Detailed Project Plan Reports

The Complete Technology Book on Plastic Extrusion Moulding And Mould Designs

The Complete Technology Book on Plastic Extrusion  Moulding And Mould Designs
Author: NIIR Board of Consultants and Engineers
Publsiher: ASIA PACIFIC BUSINESS PRESS Inc.
Total Pages: 496
Release: 2006-10-01
ISBN: 8178330083
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Complete Technology Book on Plastic Extrusion Moulding And Mould Designs Book Excerpt:

Plastics extrusion is a high volume manufacturing process in which raw plastic material is melted and formed into a continuous profile. Extrusion produces items such as pipe/tubing, weather stripping, fence, deck railing, window frames, adhesive tape and wire insulation. There are fundamentally two different methods of extruding film, namely, below extrusion and slit die extrusion. The design and operation of the extruder up to the die is the same for both methods. The moulding process is one of the most important plastic processing operations. It is an important commercial process whereby a resinous polymeric compound is converted into useful finished articles. The origin of this process is dates back about a century to the invention of a plunger type machine. The mould has its own importance, which give the required shapes of the products. The vast growth of injection moulding is reflected dramatically in many types and sizes of equipment available today. Plastic moulding especially thermoplastic items may be produced by compression moulding methods, but since they are soft at the temperature involved, it is necessary to cool down the mould before they may be ejected. Injection moulding differs from compression moulding is that the plastic material is rendered fluid in a separate chamber or barrel, outside the mould is then forced into the mould cavity by external pressure. Plastic technology is one of the most vigorous manufacturing branches, characterised by new raw materials, changing requirements, and continuous development in processing methods. The injection moulding machines manufacturers plays an important part in the creation of injection moulding technology, process control, to essential mechanical engineering. Even though design is a specialized phase in engineering field, in tool and mould engineering it is totally divided into two wings as product design and tool and die design. This book basically deals with transport phenomena in polymer films, reinforcements for thermosets, miscellaneous thermoset processes, injection molding, blow molding, extrusion, basic principles of injection moulding, correct injection speed is necessary for filling the mould, plastic melt should not suffer degradation, the mould must be controlled for better quality product, logical consideration of moulding profile and material is important than standard setting guide lines, economical setting of the machine, proper maintenance of machine;, safety operations., preliminary checking for moulding, material, component, mould, machine, injection moulding technique, the various type of injection moulding machines, specifications, platen mounting of moulds, locating spigots, mould clamping, etc. The book covers manufacturing processes of extruded and moulded products with the various mould designs. This is very useful book for new entrepreneurs, technocrats, researchers, libraries etc.

The Complete Technology Book on Fibre Glass Optical Glass and Reinforced Plastics

The Complete Technology Book on Fibre Glass  Optical Glass and Reinforced Plastics
Author: NIIR Board of Consultants and Engineers
Publsiher: ASIA PACIFIC BUSINESS PRESS Inc.
Total Pages: 544
Release: 2006-10-01
ISBN: 8178330067
Category: Glass
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Complete Technology Book on Fibre Glass Optical Glass and Reinforced Plastics Book Excerpt:

Although many natural materials were used in the past by man, answering his instinctive urges to prevent heat loss from or entry into his dwellings, no material in modern technology has satisfied the all around requirements as has fiber Glass. Fiber glass, optical glass and reinforced plastics have important applications and uses in the making of various products. Fiberglass is a lightweight, extremely strong, and robust material. Although strength properties are somewhat lower than carbon fiber and it is less stiff, the material is typically far less brittle, and the raw materials are much less expensive. Its bulk strength and weight properties are also very favorable when compared to metals, and it can be easily formed using molding processes. Fibre glass behaves as a thermal insulation because of its entrapment of small cells of air, and prevention of movement of the air in those cells. In acoustical applications, fibre glass presents to advancing sound waves a myriad of small anechoic chambers which reflect the sound inward from many diverse surfaces until it becomes blotted out. Optical glass is a high glass material that has been seen specifically formulated to posses certain desirable characteristics that effect the propagation of light. The two primary parameters that define the basic types of optical glass are its refractive index and its dispersion. Transportation on wheel is of special significance to the reinforced plastics industry on a number of counts. Suppliers of reinforced plastics parts are often called upon to furnish prototypes of products being considered for auto, truck and bus applications. Performance and quality demands on materials used in aerospace vehicles have given rise to many plastics developments and have kept profits in the plastics industry at a higher level than those in other major markets. Some of the fundamentals of the book are fibres based on natural polymers: fibres based on synthetic polymers, fibre glass blown wool or insulation products and their applications, fibre glass in wall construction for reduced sound transmission, ceramic fibre papers, ceramic fibre textiles, commercial polymerization processes, continuous filament fibre forming methods, marine applications, reinforced plastics for transportation on wheels, plastics in aircraft and aerospace, structural laminate bag molding process, reinforced molding compounds, filament winding, etc. The present book contains processes and other valuable information for fiber glass, optical glass and reinforced plastics. This is very resourceful book for entrepreneurs, technocrats, institutions, researches etc.

The Complete Book on Spices Condiments with Cultivation Processing Uses 2nd Revised Edition

The Complete Book on Spices   Condiments  with Cultivation  Processing   Uses  2nd Revised Edition
Author: NIIR Board of Consultants & Engineers
Publsiher: ASIA PACIFIC BUSINESS PRESS Inc.
Total Pages: 880
Release: 2006-04-01
ISBN: 8178330385
Category: Condiments
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Complete Book on Spices Condiments with Cultivation Processing Uses 2nd Revised Edition Book Excerpt:

The term spices and condiments applies to such natural plant or vegetable products and mixtures thereof, used in whole or ground form, mainly for imparting flavor, aroma and piquancy to foods and also for seasoning of foods beverages like soups. The great mystery and beauty of spices is their use, blending and ability to change and enhance the character of food. Spices and condiments have a special significance in various ways in human life because of its specific flavours, taste, and aroma. Spices and condiments play an important role in the national economies of several spice producing, importing and exporting countries. India is one of the major spice producing and exporting countries. Most of the spices and herbs have active principles in them and development of these through pharmacological and preclinical and clinical screening would mean expansion of considerable opportunities for successful commercialization of the product. Spices can be used to create these health promoting products. The active components in the spices phthalides, polyacetylenes, phenolic acids, flavanoids, coumarines, triterpenoids, serols and monoterpenes are powerful tools for promoting physical and emotional wellness. India has been playing a major role in producing and exporting various perennial spices like cardamoms, pepper, vanilla, clove, nutmeg and cinnamon over a wide range of suitable climatic situations. To produce good quality spice products, attention is required not only during cultivation but also at the time of harvesting, processing and storing. Not as large as in the days when, next to gold, spices were considered most worth the risk of life and money. The trade is still extensive and the oriental demand is as large as ever. Some of the fundamentals of the book are definition of spices and condiments nomenclature or classification of spices and condiments, Indian central spices and cashew nut committee, origin, properties and uses of spices, forms, functions and applications of spices, trends in the world of spices, yield and nutrient uptake by some spice crops grown in sodic soil, tissue culture and in vitro conservation of spices, in vitro responses of piper species on activated charcoal supplemented media, soil agro climatic planning for sustainable spices production, potentials of biotechnology in the improvement of spice crops, medicinal applications of spices and herbs, medicinal properties and uses of seed spices, effect of soil solarization on chillies, spice oil and oleoresin from fresh/dry spices etc. The present book contains cultivation, processing and uses of various spices and condiments, which are well known for their multiple uses in every house all over world. The book is an invaluable resource for new entrepreneurs, agriculturists, agriculture universities and technocrats.

Modern Technology Of Milk Processing Dairy Products 4th Edition

Modern Technology Of Milk Processing   Dairy Products  4th Edition
Author: NIIR Board
Publsiher: NIIR PROJECT CONSULTANCY SERVICES
Total Pages: 550
Release: 2013-01-01
ISBN: 8190568574
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Modern Technology Of Milk Processing Dairy Products 4th Edition Book Excerpt:

The dairy industry plays an important role in our daily life. It is difficult to realize how fast changes are taking place in the dairy industry. Milk is an important human food, it is palatable, easy to digest and highly nutritive. One of the important factors affecting the total amount of milk produced and the way in which this milk is utilized is the demand for the various products. In order to prepare such a diversity of products, many different processes have been developed by the industry. There are numerous types of milk products such as ghee, butter, paneer, cheese, yogurt, ice cream powder, baby cereal food, cream, and so on. Each of these has been designed to take advantage of some particular property of milk. Dairy products are generally defined as food produced from the milk of mammals; they are usually high energy yielding food products. Enzymes play an important role in the production of cheese. Raw milk contains several native enzymes some of which can be used for analytical and quality purposes for example pasteurization can be assessed by determining indigenous alkaline phosphate activity. India is known as the Oyster of the global dairy industry, with opportunities galore to the entrepreneurs globally. Anyone might want to capitalize on the largest and fastest growing milk and milk products market. The dairy industry in India has been witnessing rapid growth. The liberalized economy provides more opportunities for MNCs and foreign investors to release the full potential of this industry. The main aim of the Indian dairy industry is only to better manage the national resources to enhance milk production and upgrade milk processing using innovative technologies. The major contents of the book are cholesterol, coronary heart disease and mil fat, cholesterol and cardio vascular diseases, fatty acids & cholesterol, factors affecting cardio vascular disease, application of enzymes in dairy and food processing, utilisation of milk components: casein, advances in the heat treatment of milk, varieties of sheep's cheese, whey cheese, potted cheese, filled cheese, testing butter at different stages, presentation of butter at different stages, condensed and evaporated milk, dried milk powder, skimmed powder, malted powder, butter powder, ghee yoghurt, technology processing of dairy and dairy products, dried milk shake, milk powder, dahi from sweet cream butter milk, packaging of dairy and milk products, dairy farm, dairy products & milk packaging in pouches, etc. Developments in the dairy industry are enough to justify a revision of a considerable amount of material in this book. This book deals with processes, formulae, project profiles, details of plant, machinery & raw materials with their resources etc. of various dairy products. This book will help all its readers from entrepreneurs to food industries, technocrats and scientists.