Polyolefin Fibres

Polyolefin Fibres
Author: S C O Ugbolue
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 590
Release: 2017-06-09
ISBN: 0081012519
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polyolefin Fibres Book Excerpt:

Polyolefin Fibres: Structure, Properties and Industrial Applications, Second Edition, explores one of the most widely used commercial polymers, with a focus on the most important polyolefins, namely polyethylene, polypropylene, and polyolefin bicomponent fibres. These versatile fibres are durable, chemically resistant, lightweight, economical, and functional. This new edition has been updated and expanded to include cutting-edge research on a broad range of advanced applications. Part I covers the structure and properties of polyolefin fibres, incorporating a new chapter on the environmental aspects of polyolefin use. Part II examines the methods for improving the functionality of polyolefins, providing essential information for those engaged in developing high-performance materials. A final group of chapters addresses how polyolefin fibres can be incorporated into specific textile applications, such as automotive, geotextile, biomedical, and hygiene products, and explores potential future development. This book is an essential reference for textile technologists and manufacturers, polymer and fibre scientists, yarn and fabric manufacturers, biomedical and device engineers, and industrialists and researchers. Introduces the types, properties and structure of polyolefin fibers for readers new to the polyolefins field Examines methods to improve the functionality of polyolefin fibers, providing essential information for textile technologists and research and development managers engaged in developing high-performance materials Presents existing and potential applications of polyolefin fibers, exploring how they can expand the range of commercial polyolefin-based products

Handbook of Textile Fibre Structure

Handbook of Textile Fibre Structure
Author: Stephen Eichhorn,J. W. S. Hearle,M Jaffe,T Kikutani
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 528
Release: 2009-10-19
ISBN: 1845696506
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Textile Fibre Structure Book Excerpt:

Due to their complexity and diversity, understanding the structure of textile fibres is of key importance. This authoritative two-volume collection provides a comprehensive review of the structure of an extensive range of textile fibres. Volume 1 begins with an introductory set of chapters on fibre structure and methods to characterise fibres. The second part of the book covers the structure of manufactured polymer fibres such as polyester, polyamides, polyolefin, elastomeric and aramid fibres as well as high-modulus, high-tenacity polymer fibres. Chapters discuss fibre formation during processing and how this affects fibre structure and mechanical properties. A companion volume reviews natural, regenerated, inorganic and specialist fibres. Edited by leading authorities on the subject and with a team of international authors, the two volumes of the Handbook of textile fibre structure is an essential reference for textile technologists, fibre scientists, textile engineers and those in academia. The first title of a authoritative two-volume collection that provides a comprehensive review of the structure of a range of textile fibres Provides an overview of the development of fibre structure and methods to characterise fibres Examines the structure of both traditional and new fibres and natural and manufactured fibres

High Performance Fiber Reinforced Cement Composites 2

High Performance Fiber Reinforced Cement Composites 2
Author: A.E. Naaman,H.W. Reinhardt
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 502
Release: 1996-06-20
ISBN: 9780419211808
Category: Architecture
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

High Performance Fiber Reinforced Cement Composites 2 Book Excerpt:

The leading international authorities bring together in this contributed volume the latest research and current thinking on advanced fiber reinforced cement composites. Under rigorous editorial control, 13 chapters map out the key properties and behaviour of these materials, which promise to extend their applications into many more areas in the coming years.

Textiles and Fashion

Textiles and Fashion
Author: Rose Sinclair
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 894
Release: 2014-11-08
ISBN: 0857095617
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Textiles and Fashion Book Excerpt:

This major textbook is designed for students studying textiles and fashion at higher and undergraduate level, as well as those needing a comprehensive and authoritative overview of textile materials and processes. The first part of the book reviews the main types of natural and synthetic fibres and their properties. Part two provides a systematic review of the key processes involved first in converting fibres into yarns and then transforming yarns into fabrics. Part three discusses the range of range of finishing techniques for fabrics. The final part of the book looks specifically at the transformation of fabric into apparel, from design and manufacture to marketing. With contributions from leading experts in their fields, this major book provides the definitive one-volume guide to textile manufacture. Provides comprehensive coverage of the types and properties of textile fibres to yarn and fabric manufacture, fabric finishing, apparel production and fashion Focused on the needs of college and undergraduate students studying textiles or fashion courses Each chapter ends with a summary to emphasise key points, a comprehensive self-review section, and project ideas are also provided

The Chemistry of Textile Fibres 2nd Edition

The Chemistry of Textile Fibres  2nd Edition
Author: Robert R. Maher,Roger H. Wardman
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 439
Release: 2015-06-17
ISBN: 1782620230
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Chemistry of Textile Fibres 2nd Edition Book Excerpt:

Textiles are ubiquitous materials that many of us take for granted in our everyday lives. We rely on our clothes to protect us from the environment and use them to enhance our appearance. Textiles also find applications in transport, healthcare, construction, and many other industries. The revised and updated 2nd Edition of The Chemistry of Textile Fibres highlights the trend towards the synthesis, from renewable resources, of monomers for making synthetic fibres. It contains new information on the influence of legislation and the concerns of environmental organisations on the use of chemicals in the textile industry. New sections on genetically modified cotton, anti-microbial materials and spider silk have been added as well as a new chapter covering functional fibres and fabrics. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the various types of textile fibres that are available today, ranging from natural fibres to the high-performance fibres that are very technologically advanced. Readers will gain an appreciation of why particular types of fibre are used for certain applications through understanding the chemistry behind their properties. Students following ‘A’ level courses or equivalent and first-year undergraduate students reading textile technology subjects at university will find this book a valuable source of information.

Plasma Modification of Polyolefins

Plasma Modification of Polyolefins
Author: N. S. Baneesh,P. S. Sari,Tatana Vackova,Sabu Thomas
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 258
Release: 2021-11-22
ISBN: 3030522644
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Plasma Modification of Polyolefins Book Excerpt:

This book addresses plasma modification of polyolefin surfaces. It comprises 21 chapters divided into three major sections. The first section covers the different techniques used for plasma modification of polyolefin surfaces and the effects of various gases as a surrounding medium, while the second provides a detailed analysis of the physics and chemistry of plasma modification and discusses various innovative characterization techniques, as well as ageing of the modified surface. It focuses on the analysis of changes in polymers’ surface chemistry using various spectroscopic techniques, and of changes in their surface morphology after plasma treatment using optical microscopy, electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy. In addition, it provides detailed information on the characterization of modified polymer surfaces. The book’s third and last section covers a range of applications of plasma-modified polyolefin surfaces varying from the packaging industry to the biomedical field, and shares valuable insights on the lifecycle analysis of plasma modification and modified surfaces.

Alkenes

Alkenes
Author: Reza Davarnejad,Baharak Sajjadi
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 180
Release: 2018-02-07
ISBN: 9535137662
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Alkenes Book Excerpt:

In organic chemistry, Alkenes, also known as olefins, are the unsaturated hydrocarbons with the general formula of CnH2n that contains one or more carbon-carbon double bonds in their chemical structures (RC=CR'). The presence of this double bond allows alkenes to react in ways that alkanes cannot. Hence, alkenes find many diverse applications in industry. These compounds are widely used as initial materials in the synthesis of alcohols, plastics, lacquers, detergents, and fuels. The current book includes all knowledge and novel data according to the structure of alkenes, their novel synthesis methods, and their applications. In addition, manufacture, properties, and the use of polyalkenes are the other important topics that are covered in this book. These data are collected by the efforts and contributions of many authors and scientists from all over the globe, and all of us are ready to further improve the contents of this book as per the readers' comments.

Stabilisers for Polyolefins

Stabilisers for Polyolefins
Author: C. Krohnke,F. Werner
Publsiher: iSmithers Rapra Publishing
Total Pages: 132
Release: 2001
ISBN: 9781859572856
Category: Chemistry, Organic
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Stabilisers for Polyolefins Book Excerpt:

This review describes the main types of stabilisers with the focus on those categories for polyolefins. It also elucidates some of the physical and chemical aspects of such products when incorporated into the polymer matrix, discussing stability during weathering, heat ageing and processing. The review is supported by several hundred relevant abstracts selected from the Polymer Library.

Fire Resistant Geopolymers

Fire Resistant Geopolymers
Author: Les Vickers,Arie van Riessen,William D. A. Rickard
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 129
Release: 2014-12-05
ISBN: 9812873112
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fire Resistant Geopolymers Book Excerpt:

The book covers the topic of geopolymers, in particular it highlights the relationship between structural differences as a result of variations during the geopolymer synthesis and its physical and chemical properties. In particular, the book describes the optimization of the thermal properties of geopolymers by adding micro-structural modifiers such as fibres and/or fillers into the geopolymer matrix. The range of fibres and fillers used in geopolymers, their impact on the microstructure and thermal properties is described in great detail. The book content will appeal to researchers, scientists, or engineers who are interested in geopolymer science and technology and its industrial applications.

Fibre Reinforced Cementitious Composites

Fibre Reinforced Cementitious Composites
Author: Arnon Bentur,Sidney Mindess
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 624
Release: 2006-11-16
ISBN: 1482267748
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fibre Reinforced Cementitious Composites Book Excerpt:

Advanced cementitious composites can be designed to have outstanding combinations of strength (five to ten times that of conventional concrete) and energy absorption capacity (up to 1000 times that of plain concrete). This second edition brings together in one volume the latest research developments in this rapidly expanding area. The book is split into two parts. The first part is concerned with the mechanics of fibre reinforced brittle matrices and the implications for cementitious systems. In the second part the authors describe the various types of fibre-cement composites, discussing production processes, mechanical and physical properties, durability and applications. Two new chapters have been added, covering fibre specification and structural applications. Fibre Reinforced Cementitious Composites will be of great interest to practitioners involved in modern concrete technology and will also be of use to academics, researchers and graduate students.

Handbook of Nonwovens

Handbook of Nonwovens
Author: S. J. Russell
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 650
Release: 2022-06-03
ISBN: 0128189134
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Nonwovens Book Excerpt:

Handbook of Nonwovens, Second Edition updates and expands its popular interdisciplinary treatment of the properties, processing, and applications of nonwovens. Initial chapters review the development of the industry and the different classes of nonwoven material. The book then discusses methods of manufacture such as dry-laid, wet-laid, and polymer-laid web formation. Other techniques analyzed include mechanical, thermal, and chemical bonding, as well as chemical and mechanical finishing systems. The book concludes by assessing the characterization, testing, and modeling of nonwoven materials. Covering an unmatched range of materials with a variety of compositions and manufacturing routes, this remains the indispensable reference to nonwovens for designers, engineers, materials scientists, and researchers, particularly those interested in the manufacturing of automotive, aerospace, and medical products. Nonwovens are a unique class of textile material formed from fibers that are bonded together through various means to form a coherent structure. The range of properties they can embody make them an important part of a range of innovative products and solutions, which continues to attract interest from industry as well as academia. Describes in detail the manufacturing processes of a range of nonwoven materials Provides detailed coverage of the mechanical and thermal properties of non-woven fabrics Includes extensive updates throughout on the characterization and testing of nonwovens Explains how to model nonwoven structures

Fibre Reinforced Concrete Improvements and Innovations II

Fibre Reinforced Concrete  Improvements and Innovations II
Author: Pedro Serna,Aitor Llano-Torre,José R. Martí-Vargas,Juan Navarro-Gregori
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 979
Release: 2021-09-04
ISBN: 303083719X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fibre Reinforced Concrete Improvements and Innovations II Book Excerpt:

This volume highlights the latest advances, innovations, and applications in the field of fibre-reinforced concrete (FRC), as presented by scientists and engineers at the RILEM-fib X International Symposium on Fibre Reinforced Concrete (BEFIB), held in Valencia, Spain, on September 20-22, 2021. It discusses a diverse range of topics concerning FRC: technological aspects, nanotechnologies related with FRC, mechanical properties, long-term properties, analytical and numerical models, structural design, codes and standards, quality control, case studies, Textile-Reinforced Concrete, Geopolymers and UHPFRC. After the symposium postponement in 2020, this new volume concludes the publication of the research works and knowledge of FRC in the frame of BEFIB from 2020 to 2021 with the successful celebration of the hybrid symposium BEFIB 2021. The contributions present traditional and new ideas that will open novel research directions and foster multidisciplinary collaboration between different specialists.

Reports on the Progress of Applied Chemistry

Reports on the Progress of Applied Chemistry
Author: Society of Chemical Industry (Great Britain)
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1972
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Chemistry
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Reports on the Progress of Applied Chemistry Book Excerpt:

Selected Synthetic Organic Fibres

Selected Synthetic Organic Fibres
Author: M. E. Meek,WHO Task Group on Environmental Health Criteria for Selected Synthetic Organic Fibres
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 100
Release: 1993
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Selected Synthetic Organic Fibres Book Excerpt:

Handbook of Polyolefins

Handbook of Polyolefins
Author: Cornelia Vasile
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 1032
Release: 2000-06-21
ISBN: 9780203908716
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Polyolefins Book Excerpt:

A handbook on polyolefins. This second edition includes new material on the structure, morphology and properties of polyolefin (PO) synthesis. It focuses on synthetic advances, the use of additives, special coverage of PO blends, composites and fibres, and surface treatments. It also addresses the problem of interfacial and superficial phenomena.

Unique Polymeric Fiber and Fiber Delivery Systems for the Economic Preparation of High fiber Content Concrete with Superior Physical Properties

Unique Polymeric Fiber and Fiber Delivery Systems for the Economic Preparation of High fiber Content Concrete with Superior Physical Properties
Author: Billy D. Neeley,Donna C. Day,James E. Shoenberger
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 236
Release: 1998
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Fiber-reinforced concrete
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Unique Polymeric Fiber and Fiber Delivery Systems for the Economic Preparation of High fiber Content Concrete with Superior Physical Properties Book Excerpt:

This report documents the results from an investigation of a new polymer fiber and unique delivery system for charging fibers into concrete mixtures. The straight Polyolefin fibers are available in two sizes: (1) 0.63 mm in diameter and 50 mm long, and (2) 0.38 mm in diameter and 25 mm long. Each of the two sizes of fibers is packaged in bundles approximately 50 mm in diameter. Each. bundle is encased with paper tape bound with a water-soluble glue. The fibers are charged into the concrete mixture in mass. Approximately 3 to 10 min of mixing time is necessary to uniformly distribute the fibers throughout the concrete mixture, depending upon the fiber content, consistency of the concrete mixture, and the type of mixer being used. Fresh and hardened properties were evaluated in mixtures containing up to 15 kg/cu m. The results indicate that concrete mixtures with the Polyolefin fibers can be produced having adequate workability and finishability if proportioned properly. Addition of the Polyolefin fibers does not significantly influence the compressive nor first-crack flexural strength, freezing-and-thawing resistance, drying shrinkage, nor the chloride permeability of concrete mixtures. However, the presence of the Polyolefin fibers does influence the post-crack behavior of concrete mixtures. Impact resistance and flexural toughness are improved as the fiber loading increases. A 6,100-m whitetopping demonstration project was constructed on a heavily traveled interstate in Mississippi. The whitetopping was 100 mm thick. Details of the specifications, construction, and early-time performance are given.

Polyolefin Fibres

Polyolefin Fibres
Author: S C O Ugbolue
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 428
Release: 2009-01-28
ISBN: 1845695550
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polyolefin Fibres Book Excerpt:

Polyolefins are one of the most widely used commercial polymers. This book reviews the most important polyolefins, including polyethylene and polypropylene. These versatile fibres are durable, chemically resistant, lightweight, economical and functional. Polyolefin fibres: industrial and medical applications provides a comprehensive review of the structure and properties of this group of fibres, together with methods to improve the functionality of polyolefins and their range of applications. The first set of chapters discusses the different types of polyolefins, their structural and chemical properties as well as their production methods. The second group of chapters examines how to improve the functionality of polyolefin fibres. A final group of chapters addresses how polyolefins can be incorporated into specific applications such as industrial, medical and automotive products. Written by a distinguished team of international contributors, Polyolefin fibres: industrial and medical applications is a quintessential reference for textile technologists, fibre scientists, yarn and fabric manufacturers and also those in academia. Reviews the most important polyolefins including polyethylene and polyproplene, their structural and chemical properties as well as production methods Examines methods to improve the functionality of polyolefin fibres including production methods and quality control

PRO 6 3rd International RILEM Workshop on High Performance Fiber Reinforced Cement Composites HPFRCC 3

PRO 6  3rd International RILEM Workshop on High Performance Fiber Reinforced Cement Composites  HPFRCC 3
Author: Hans Wolfgang Reinhardt,Antoine E. Naaman
Publsiher: RILEM Publications
Total Pages: 666
Release: 1999
ISBN: 9782912143068
Category: Cement composites
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

PRO 6 3rd International RILEM Workshop on High Performance Fiber Reinforced Cement Composites HPFRCC 3 Book Excerpt:

Chemical Technology of Fibrous Materials

Chemical Technology of Fibrous Materials
Author: Fedor Ivanovich Sadov,Mikhail Vladimirovich Korchagin,A. Matetsky
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 668
Release: 1978
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Chemical processes
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chemical Technology of Fibrous Materials Book Excerpt:

Non woven Bonded Fabrics

Non woven Bonded Fabrics
Author: Wilhelm Albrecht
Publsiher: Ellis Horwood
Total Pages: 549
Release: 1985
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Nonwoven fabrics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Non woven Bonded Fabrics Book Excerpt: