Description : This is a study of the longer-term transitions of young people living in neighbourhoods beset by the worst problems of social exclusion. Based on a rare example of longitudinal, qualitative research with 'hard-to-reach' young adults, the study throws into question common approaches to tackling social exclusion. Free PDF available at www.jrf.org.uk
Description : For the first time in one volume, the top researchers and theorists in the field of school transitions describe their most recent theoretical and practical work. This broad overview of theory and interventions for children and adolescents undergoing school transitions is an invaluable guide for scientists and practitioners looking for ways to help children cope with both routine and unexpected changes. Prevention and School Transitions helps professionals design prevention programs that ease transitions for children and adolescents transferring from middle school to high school, moving to schools in new towns, switching to schools with better academic programs, or transferring to alternative schools. Students who go through transitions face an increased risk for academic difficulties and emotional and social problems caused by changes in curriculum and new standards of acceptance by peer groups and teachers. Prevention and School Transitions provides parents, school personnel, mental health professionals, and educational and psychological researchers with new ways of thinking about preventive interventions for children confronted with the challenges of succeeding in new school settings. Some of the innovative programs and theories presented include: a prevention program that restructured a high school and resulted in reduced dropout rates, improved school performance, and better attendance a dropout prevention program that extended homeroom teachers'involvement beyond academics, reorganized the school environment to minimize class changes, and established a communication system between parents and teachers a study of the effects of transition to an alternative school on grade point averages, attendance rates, and matriculation a mentoring program that assists post partum mothers in transition back to high school a study of the risk factors and resources used during transition to life after high school These insightful chapters help psychologists, school counselors, concerned parents, and mental health workers better understand the complicated sets of relationships between different components of school systems and appreciate how schools create and use new resources. Readers will also see how school and family environments shape students'adaptation and assess the changing demands for children's adaptive capacities over time. int averages, attendance rates, and matriculation a mentoring program that assists post partum mothers in transition back to high school a study of the risk factors and resources used during transition to life after high school These insightful chapters help psychologists, school counselors, concerned parents, and mental health workers better understand the complicated sets of relationships between different components of school systems and appreciate how schools create and use new resources. Readers will also see how school and family environments shape students'adaptation and assess the changing demands for children's adaptive capacities over time.
Description : Long-running trends towards increasing inequality between the rich and poor across Europe have been exacerbated by the 2008 global financial crisis and its aftermath. As employment opportunities for young people diminish and as the welfare state is pulled back, pathways to adulthood change and become more difficult to navigate. Transitions to Adulthood Through Recession consists of a collection of papers by researchers from Britain, Norway, Germany, Portugal, Italy and Greece, locating young people’s transitions to adulthood in their national social, economic and political contexts. It explores young adulthood with reference to generational continuity and change and intergenerational support. With a cross-national comparative framework, this volume highlights the importance of variations in structural contexts for young people’s transitions. Bringing together authors across sub-disciplines such as the sociology of youth, family and kinship, class and inequality and life-course studies, Transitions to Adulthood Through Recession will appeal to academic social scientists as well as final-year undergraduate and postgraduate students interested in fields such as political science, sociology, youth studies, social policy, anthropology and psychology; and a wider public readership.
Description : Winner of the British Academy Peter Townsend Prize for 2013 How do men and women get by in times and places where opportunities for standard employment have drastically reduced? Are we witnessing the growth of a new class, the 'Precariat', where people exist without predictability or security in their lives? What effects do flexible and insecure forms of work have on material and psychological well-being? This book is the first of its kind to examine the relationship between social exclusion, poverty and the labour market. It challenges long-standing and dominant myths about ‘the workless’ and ‘the poor’, by exploring close-up the lived realities of life in low-pay, no-pay Britain. Work may be ‘the best route out of poverty’ sometimes but for many people getting a job can be just a turn in the cycle of recurrent poverty – and of long-term churning between low-skilled ‘poor work’ and unemployment. Based on unique qualitative, life-history research with a 'hard-to-reach group' of younger and older people, men and women, the book shows how poverty and insecurity have now become the defining features of working life for many.
Description : "For years, economists have been wrestling with the issues raised by the contrast between the transition path of China and those of Eastern Europe and the FSU. Now the papers collected in this volume edited by Wing Woo, Stephen Parker, and Jeff Sachs, tell us in what ways East Asia is different -- and what lessons we should draw from both sets of historical transitions." -- Stanley Fischer, First Deputy Managing Director, International Monetary Fund "The book represents comprehensive and impressive study into east European and Asian developments. It is free from any ideological grounds and shows the authors' deep professional approach. This work should be recommended to both students and professionals dealing with the analysis of the economies in transition." -- Yegor Gaidar, Director, Institute for Economy in Transition "The volume is rich in information and factual insights, and presents many inspiring and original, thought-provoking ideas, supported by sharp analysis. The authors, among them world-famous leading reformers offer broad generalizations of the experiences of several European and Asian countries. This is mandatory reading for everyone who wants to understand postsocialist transformation." -- Janos Kornai, Allie S. Freed Professor of Economics, Harvard University and Permanent Fellow, Collegium Budapest In 1994, the Asia Foundation's Center for Asian Pacific Affairs began a two-year project to compare the transitions of selected East European and Asian economies from centrally-planned communist systems to market economies. The goal was to shed light on the transition process through an understanding of the underlyingeconomic and institutional dynamics. This volume is the culmination of that project. The volume is divided into three parts. In the first part, an overview, the editors review the authors' findings and highlight major themes. The second part looks closely at the transition process in seven Asian and East European economies: China, Vietnam, Mongolia, Russia, Poland, Hungary, and the Czech Republic. The third part contains six comparative studies that explore key elements of the transition process. The papers incorporate feedback obtained from meetings with cabinet members and high government officials, conferences, and seminars in Prague, Ho Chi Minh City, Hanoi, Beijing, Ulan Bator, and Washington, D.C. Contributors: Leszek Balcerowicz, Barbara Blaszczyk, Peter Boone, Yuan Zheng Cao, Bruce Comer, Marek Dabrowski, Georges de Menil, Daniel C. Esty, Gang Fan, Boris Federov, Roman Frydman, Carol Graham, Stephen Parker, Andrzej Rapaczynski, James Riedel, Jeffrey D. Sachs, Baavaa Tarvaa, Vinod Thomas, Gavin Tritt, Adiya Tsend, Enkhbold Tsendjav, Joel Turkewitz, Narantsetseg Unenburen, Yan Wang, Wing Thye Woo
Description : In this book, Carroy Ferguson presents a unique glimpse into the transitional stages in consciousness that many African Americans experience as they explore the essence of being a Black person in U.S. society and the world. Using a model of six transitional stages in consciousness, original essays, and discourses on the symbolism of various historical events, Ferguson engages readers in an intriguing reflective process to give them a better understanding of how transitions in consciousness_from an African American perspective_are largely shaped and greatly influenced by the 'psychology of the times.' The essays, therefore, represent the various dynamics at play as many African Americans engage the contents of their consciousness and learn to explore and transcend various societal challenges. To assist readers in engaging their personal self-reflective processes, Ferguson provides creative exercises and a comprehensive timeline of African American life.
Description : TRB's National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) Synthesis 412: Speed Reduction Techniques for Rural High-to-Low Speed Transitions explores techniques for lowering traffic speeds in rural transition zones. Transition zones are those portions of high-speed roads that have lower posted speed limits as the roadway approaches a settlement.
Description : Perspectives on Transitions in Schooling and Instructional Practice examines student transitions between major levels of schooling, teacher transitions in instructional practice, and the intersection of these two significant themes in education research. Twenty-six leading international experts offer meaningful insights on current pedagogical practices, obstacles to effective transitions, and proven strategies for stakeholders involved in supporting students in transition. The book is divided into four sections, representing the four main transitions in formal schooling: Early Years (Home, Pre-school, and Kindergarten) to Early Elementary (Grades 1–3); Early Elementary to Late Elementary (Grades 4–8); Late Elementary to Secondary (Grades 9–12); and Secondary to Post-Secondary (College and University). A coda draws together over-arching themes from throughout the text to provide recommendations and a visual model that captures their interactions. Combining theoretical approaches with practical examples of school-based initiatives, this book will appeal to those involved in supporting either the student experience (both academically and emotionally) or teacher professional learning and growth.
Description : Global climate change is one of the greatest challenges of our times and in order to tackle this carbon emissions need to be mitigated. China and India have recently become some of the world’s largest greenhouse gas emitters. Transitions to low carbon energy, for reducing emissions that lead to climate change, are therefore an urgent priority for China and India and at a global level. This is the first book focusing on low carbon energy transitions for emerging economies such as China and India, assessing the opportunities and barriers for transitions to renewable and low carbon energy as climate change mitigation options. It uses energy modelling to assess the China’s power sector, the economy of Beijing and rural Indian households that do not have access to electricity. The research evaluates the environmental, technical, socio-economic and policy implications of these low carbon transitions, concluding that they are possible in China and India and they can considerably contribute to climate change mitigation. This interdisciplinary book will be of interest to scholars, students, practitioners and policy-makers working in the fields of energy and development, energy policy, energy studies and modelling, climate policy, climate change mitigation, climate change and development, low carbon development, sustainable development, environment and development and environmental management.