Natural Language and Possible Minds

Natural Language and Possible Minds
Author: Prakash Mondal
Publsiher: BRILL
Total Pages: 244
Release: 2017-07-31
ISBN: 9004344209
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Natural Language and Possible Minds Book Excerpt:

Natural Language and Possible Minds: How Language Uncovers the Cognitive Landscape of Nature examines the intrinsic connection between natural language and the nature of mentality, offering to show how language can shed light on the forms of other types of mentality in non-humans.

Possible Minds

Possible Minds
Author: John Brockman
Publsiher: Penguin
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2019-02-19
ISBN: 0525558004
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Possible Minds Book Excerpt:

Science world luminary John Brockman assembles twenty-five of the most important scientific minds, people who have been thinking about the field artificial intelligence for most of their careers, for an unparalleled round-table examination about mind, thinking, intelligence and what it means to be human. "Artificial intelligence is today's story--the story behind all other stories. It is the Second Coming and the Apocalypse at the same time: Good AI versus evil AI." --John Brockman More than sixty years ago, mathematician-philosopher Norbert Wiener published a book on the place of machines in society that ended with a warning: "we shall never receive the right answers to our questions unless we ask the right questions.... The hour is very late, and the choice of good and evil knocks at our door." In the wake of advances in unsupervised, self-improving machine learning, a small but influential community of thinkers is considering Wiener's words again. In Possible Minds, John Brockman gathers their disparate visions of where AI might be taking us. The fruit of the long history of Brockman's profound engagement with the most important scientific minds who have been thinking about AI--from Alison Gopnik and David Deutsch to Frank Wilczek and Stephen Wolfram--Possible Minds is an ideal introduction to the landscape of crucial issues AI presents. The collision between opposing perspectives is salutary and exhilarating; some of these figures, such as computer scientist Stuart Russell, Skype co-founder Jaan Tallinn, and physicist Max Tegmark, are deeply concerned with the threat of AI, including the existential one, while others, notably robotics entrepreneur Rodney Brooks, philosopher Daniel Dennett, and bestselling author Steven Pinker, have a very different view. Serious, searching and authoritative, Possible Minds lays out the intellectual landscape of one of the most important topics of our time.

Natural Language Processing Concepts Methodologies Tools and Applications

Natural Language Processing  Concepts  Methodologies  Tools  and Applications
Author: Management Association, Information Resources
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 1704
Release: 2019-11-01
ISBN: 1799809528
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Natural Language Processing Concepts Methodologies Tools and Applications Book Excerpt:

As technology continues to become more sophisticated, a computer’s ability to understand, interpret, and manipulate natural language is also accelerating. Persistent research in the field of natural language processing enables an understanding of the world around us, in addition to opportunities for manmade computing to mirror natural language processes that have existed for centuries. Natural Language Processing: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications is a vital reference source on the latest concepts, processes, and techniques for communication between computers and humans. Highlighting a range of topics such as machine learning, computational linguistics, and semantic analysis, this multi-volume book is ideally designed for computer engineers, computer and software developers, IT professionals, academicians, researchers, and upper-level students seeking current research on the latest trends in the field of natural language processing.

Leibniz Body Substance Monad

Leibniz  Body  Substance  Monad
Author: Daniel Garber
Publsiher: OUP Oxford
Total Pages: 452
Release: 2009-07-09
ISBN: 0191570621
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Leibniz Body Substance Monad Book Excerpt:

Daniel Garber presents an illuminating study of Leibniz's conception of the physical world. Leibniz's commentators usually begin with monads, mind-like simple substances, the ultimate building-blocks of the Monadology. But Leibniz's apparently idealist metaphysics is very puzzling: how can any sensible person think that the world is made up of tiny minds? In this book, Garber tries to make Leibniz's thought intelligible by focusing instead on his notion of body. Beginning with Leibniz's earliest writings, he shows how Leibniz starts as a Hobbesian with a robust sense of the physical world, and how, step by step, he advances to the monadological metaphysics of his later years. Much of the book's focus is on Leibniz's middle years, where the fundamental constituents of the world are corporeal substances, unities of matter and form understood on the model of animals. For Garber monads only enter fairly late in Leibniz's career, and when they enter, he argues, they do not displace bodies but complement them. In the end, though, Garber argues that Leibniz never works out the relation between the world of monads and the world of bodies to his own satisfaction: at the time of his death, his philosophy is still a work in progress.

The Book of Minds

The Book of Minds
Author: Philip Ball
Publsiher: University of Chicago Press
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2022-06-28
ISBN: 022679587X
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Book of Minds Book Excerpt:

"In this book, popular science writer Philip Ball surveys a range of sciences to map our answers to a big, philosophically rich question, one with practical and ethical consequences for today. How do we even begin to think about minds that are not human? Sciences from astronomy to biology, computer science to neuroscience, are mapping the mind in their own disciplinary territories, and Ball pulls the pieces together so that we can appreciate the full picture-the "mindscape" or "space of possible minds." This map makes plain what sorts of minds we might expect to find in the universe. By plotting properties of mind without prioritizing the human, he sheds welcome, new light on a host of fascinating questions: What moral rights should we afford animals? Can we communicate with them? Should we worry that AI is going to take over and run society according to its own agenda? If there are intelligent aliens out there, how would we know? Could we communicate with them? Should we? Understanding the mindscape also reveals ways of making advances in understanding some of the most challenging questions in contemporary science: What is thought? What is consciousness? And what (if anything) is free will? Before Ball turns to other minds, however, he addresses the human mind: what is it? Is it different from the brain? From one person to the next? In this fascinating book of minds, we come to better know our own"--

Philosophy and AI

Philosophy and AI
Author: Robert Cummins,John L. Pollock
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 304
Release: 1995
ISBN: 9780262531351
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy and AI Book Excerpt:

Philosophy and AI presents invited contributions that focus on the different perspectives and techniques that philosophy and AI bring to the theory of rationality. Philosophers have found that the concepts and technology of artificial intelligence provide useful ways to test theories of knowledge and reason. Conversely, researchers in artificial intelligence, noting that the production of information-processing systems require a prior theory of rationality, have begun writing philosophy. Philosophy and AI presents invited contributions that focus on the different perspectives and techniques that philosophy and AI bring to the theory of rationality. A Bradford Book

Artificial Superintelligence

Artificial Superintelligence
Author: Roman V. Yampolskiy,Allison Duettmann
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 206
Release: 2020-04-30
ISBN: 3039218549
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Artificial Superintelligence Book Excerpt:

Attention in the AI safety community has increasingly started to include strategic considerations of coordination between relevant actors in the field of AI and AI safety, in addition to the steadily growing work on the technical considerations of building safe AI systems. This shift has several reasons: Multiplier effects, pragmatism, and urgency. Given the benefits of coordination between those working towards safe superintelligence, this book surveys promising research in this emerging field regarding AI safety. On a meta-level, the hope is that this book can serve as a map to inform those working in the field of AI coordination about other promising efforts. While this book focuses on AI safety coordination, coordination is important to most other known existential risks (e.g., biotechnology risks), and future, human-made existential risks. Thus, while most coordination strategies in this book are specific to superintelligence, we hope that some insights yield “collateral benefits” for the reduction of other existential risks, by creating an overall civilizational framework that increases robustness, resiliency, and antifragility.

Mind Ontology and Explanation

Mind  Ontology and Explanation
Author: Laird Addis
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter
Total Pages: 289
Release: 2013-05-02
ISBN: 3110327155
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mind Ontology and Explanation Book Excerpt:

In this collection of papers by Laird Addis, published over approximately a quarter century, the main topics are the ontology of mind and the role of mind in the explanation of behavior. Addis defends a theory of natural signs, by which there is, in every conscious state including emotional states, an intrinsically intentional entity. He also argues that explanations of behavior by dispositional mental states, while not themselves causal explanations, presuppose the possibility of such explanations. The theory of dispositions is applied also to the theories of Chomsky and Freud. In broad strokes, Addis holds that, while there is a distinct realm of mental properties, behaviors admit of purely physical explanations.

Shadows of Being

Shadows of Being
Author: Marko Uršič
Publsiher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Total Pages: 201
Release: 2019-01-15
ISBN: 1527525651
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Shadows of Being Book Excerpt:

This book is a study of the phenomena of shadows, meant in a broader sense as “symbolic forms”. The shadow is a less real, “surface” replica of some more real form. From the Platonic point of view, empirical objects are “shadows of ideas”, while from the modern “natural” point of view, shadows are seen and conceived primarily as “weaker” replicas of bodies, which give evidence of their material reality. In the first three essays here, several topics from the Ancient Egypt and Greece to modern arts and sciences are considered, while in the fourth essay, the contemporary virtual reality, cyber-technology and the internet as our parallel “shadow world” are discussed from the philosophical point of view. The main and innovative point of this book is the connection between the meaning of shadows in philosophy and art on the one hand, and their role in modern science and technology on the other. The book will appeal to a wide span of readers, from academic circles, students, and artists, to the general reader interested in the humanities, especially in philosophy and art.

Thinking with Kant s Critique of Judgment

Thinking with Kant   s Critique of Judgment
Author: Michel Chaouli
Publsiher: Harvard University Press
Total Pages: 324
Release: 2017-01-02
ISBN: 0674973046
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thinking with Kant s Critique of Judgment Book Excerpt:

Michel Chaouli invites novice and expert alike to set out on the path of thinking, with help from Kant’s Critique of Judgment, about the force of aesthetic experience, the essence of art, and the relationship of beauty and meaning. Each chapter unfolds the significance of a key concept for Kant’s thought and our own ideas.

The Philosophy of Edmund Husserl

The Philosophy of Edmund Husserl
Author: Dorion Cairns
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 310
Release: 2012-10-02
ISBN: 9400750439
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Philosophy of Edmund Husserl Book Excerpt:

The present volume containing the dissertation of Dorion Cairns is the first part of a comprehensive edition of the philosophical papers of one of the foremost disseminators and interpreters of Husserlian phenomenology in North-America. Based on his intimate knowledge of Husserl’s published writings and unpublished manuscripts and on the many conversations and discussions he had with Husserl and Fink during his stay in Freiburg i. Br. in 1931-1932 Cairns’s dissertation is a comprehensive exposition of the methodological foundations and the concrete phenomenological analyses of Husserl’s transcendental phenomenology.The lucidity and precision of Cairns’s presentation is remarkable and demonstrates the secure grasp he had of Husserl’s philosophical intentions and phenomenological distinctions. Starting from the phenomenological reduction and Husserl’s Idea of Philosophy, Cairns proceeds with a detailed analysis of intentionality and the intentional structures of consciousness. In its scope and in the depth and nuance of its understanding, Cairns’s dissertation belongs beside the writings on Husserl by Levinas and Fink from the same period.

Real Alternatives Leibniz s Metaphysics of Choice

Real Alternatives  Leibniz   s Metaphysics of Choice
Author: R.O. Savage
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 198
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 9401149682
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Real Alternatives Leibniz s Metaphysics of Choice Book Excerpt:

In the `Preliminary Dissertation' of his Theodicy, Leibniz declares himself an apologist for the compatibilist doctrines of original sin, election and reprobation propounded by the theologians of the Augsburg Confession. According to those theologians, man's actions are determined but man retains the power to act otherwise and therefore is responsible for his actions. Savage argues that Leibniz, in formulating his apology, availed himself of both his doctrine of possible worlds and his finite-infinite analysis distinction (the latter being applied within the former). Savage challenges the dogma that Leibniz's metaphysical principles entail that individuals are powerless to act otherwise and that God cannot conceive of them acting otherwise. He argues that interpreters deduce the dogma from those principles with the aid of dubious extra-textual premises, for example, that a Leibnizian individual has only one complete concept or cannot be persons other than the person it actually is.

Germany

Germany
Author: Madame de Staël (Anne-Louise-Germaine)
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1859
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: German literature
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Germany Book Excerpt:

Journal of the Western Society of Engineers

Journal of the Western Society of Engineers
Author: Western Society of Engineers (Chicago, Ill.)
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 836
Release: 1925
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Journal of the Western Society of Engineers Book Excerpt:

Special Publication

Special Publication
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1929
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Agriculture
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Special Publication Book Excerpt:

Human Development

Human Development
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1965
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Aging
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Human Development Book Excerpt:

Early Migrations Origin of the Chinese Race

Early Migrations  Origin of the Chinese Race
Author: Charles Wolcott Brooks
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 30
Release: 1876
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Chinese
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Early Migrations Origin of the Chinese Race Book Excerpt:

Consciousness

Consciousness
Author: Frank Jackson
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 456
Release: 1998
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Consciousness Book Excerpt:

A collection of major philosophical articles on the problem on consciousness.

Chambers s Journal of Popular Literature Science and Arts

Chambers s Journal of Popular Literature  Science and Arts
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1890
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chambers s Journal of Popular Literature Science and Arts Book Excerpt:

Vick s Monthly Magazine

Vick s Monthly Magazine
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1886
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Floriculture
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Vick s Monthly Magazine Book Excerpt: