Description : "This book hypothesises that an ILI perspective offers a better explanation of the law-State behaviour relationship during international crises than rival explanations grounded in positivism, realism or functional ism. Four case studies of State behaviour - of the US, the Soviet Union and the PRC during the Korean War (1950-1953), of the US and UK during the Suez crisis (1956), of the US and the Soviet Union during the Cuban Missile Crisis (1962) and of the US and an alliance of Latin American States during the Dominican Republic crisis (1965) - are used to test the hypothesis. The findings confirm the greater explanatory efficacy of ILI and demonstrate that the significance of international law to foreign policy decision-making during international crises is more than that of deterring the use of force as is assumed by rival theoretical approaches grounded in a rule-book image of international law."--Back cover.
Description : In the United States today, we are on the verge of fulfilling a nightmare scenario. Parents are fearful of letting their children play in their own yards and elderly people are afraid to leave their homes. The bogeyman in this rampant panic about crime is the young black male, who, in the media and public image, is a ?superpredator? lurking on every street corner ready to attack any prey that is vulnerable. But is crime in America really as bad as the public has been made to believe?Power, Politics, and Crime argues that the current panic over crime has been manufactured by the media, law enforcement bureaucracies, and the private prison industry. It shows how the definition of criminal behavior systematically singles out the inner-city African American. But urban minorities aren't the only victims. Although crime rates have been declining for 25 years, vast amounts of money pour into the criminal justice-industrial complex, diverting scarce resources from other social services such as education, social welfare, and health care. While in recent years downsizing has affected almost every segment of the public sector, the criminal justice bureaucracies have seen an unprecedented expansion.Through ethnographic observations, analysis of census data, and historical research, William Chambliss describes what is happening, why it has come about, and what can be done about it. He explores the genesis of crime as a political issue, and the effect that crime policies have had on different segments of the population. The book is more than a statement about the politics of crime and punishment?it's a powerful indictment of contemporary law enforcement practices in the United States.In addition to updating the data the author has added a discussion of the "declining crime rate." Contrary to presentations in the media and by law enforcement agencies, the rate has been declining for over 25 years and therefore cannot be attributed to any "get tough on crime" policies so dear to the hearts of prosecutors and politicians. Chapter Seven, "Crime Myths and Smokescreens" has been completely revised and updated. Updates include a discussion of the recent scandal in the Los Angeles Police Department which has resulted in criminal charges against police officers and the release of numerous convicted felons because of falsified evidence and testimony on the part of police officers. The attack on Louima in the police station in New York as well as the shooting of Diallo are discussed in some detail as well as other recent exposures of police brutality and corruption. The sections on white collar, corporate, and state crimes have been updated and recent examples added to the text.
Description : Shirley Scott explains how the USA has benefited from continuity in its strategic engagement with international law.
Description : References to hate have become ubiquitous in the modern response to group defamation and violence in liberal democracies. Whether expressed in speech, acted out in criminal conduct, or seen as the fuel of terror and extremism, hate is persistently considered a vice, an evil, and a threat to the modern liberal democracy. But what exactly is at stake when societies oppose hate? In Hate, Politics, Law: Critical Perspectives on Combating Hate, Thomas Brudholm and Birgitte Schepelern Johansen have gathered a group of distinguished scholars who offer a critical exploration and assessment of the basic assumptions, ideals, and agendas behind the modern fight against hate. They explore these issues and provide a range of explanatory and normative perspectives on the awkward relationship between hate and liberal democracy, as expressed, for example, through anti-hate speech and anti-hate crime initiatives. The volume further examines the presuppositions and ideological roots of fighting hate, as well as its blind spots and limits. It also includes discussions on the definition and meaning of hate, the longer and broader history of the concept of hate, and when and why fighting hatred became politically salient. While most research on hate crime is written and published in order to prevent and combat hate, Hate, Politics, Law takes a much-needed theoretical, historical, and exploratory approach to hatred.
Description : This all new book brings new perspectives and ideas for police labor leaders to succeed in these challenging times; and includes major revisions and updates of the 1997 book Police Association Power, Politics, and Confrontation, including a title change. The book is an expansive and comprehensive text on police unions, encompassing the vast and intricate changes that have taken place in the field since the authors' last book. There are principles at work in every community, which, if understood by police labor leaders, will allow them to drive their organizations to greatness. These principles.
Description : A textbook introduction to international law and justice is specially written for students studying law in other departments, such as politics and IR. Students will engage with debates surrounding sovereignty and global governance, sovereign and diplomati
Description : On 5 December 63 BC the Roman senate voted for the execution without trial of five alleged associates of Catiline. This is one of the most famous and controversial episodes in Roman political history, involving important questions of individual liberties and public security. This monograph employs a variety of approaches to construct a new and original analysis of the senatorial debate and the issues it raises. It incorporates a systematic analysis of the evidence, with particular emphasis on the interrelationship of individual sources and their own specific characteristics and priorities; it examines the narrative of Sallust in detail and offers a fresh assessment of its methods, objectives and value; it discusses the terms in which the legality of the executions was defended in antiquity; and it addresses fundamental general issues of the interaction between law and politics at Rome.
Description : The focus of Power and Governance is an evaluation of the power structures and the quality of the accountability processes of the Australian political system. The first half of the book, 'Political and legal power' examines the constitutional framework of power, including the federal system. In addition it analyses the real world processes of executive, legislative, and judicial power (concentrating on the Commonwealth level) in Australia, assessing critical perspectives and potential reforms. Lastly this half of the book assesses the quality of forms of political participation in Australian democracy. The second half of the book assesses the quality of political and legal accountability processes as well as evaluating the protections of individual political and legal rights in Australia. Lastly it examines the impact of the Australian political and legal system of the experience of sub-groups in society, concentrating on the experience of indigenous Australians. Extensive comparisons with The United States are a feature of the book.
Description : This collection addresses the present and the future of the concept of intersectionality within socio-legal studies. Intersectionality provides a metaphorical schema for understanding the interaction of different forms of disadvantage, including race, sexuality, and gender. But it also goes further to provide a particular model of how these aspects of social identity and location converge – whether at the level of subjectivity, everyday life, in culture or in the institutional practices of state and other bodies. Including contributions from a range of international scholars, this book interrogates what has become a key organizing concept across a range of disciplines, most particularly law, political theory, and cultural studies.