South Asian Studies

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The Promise Of Power

Author by : Maya Tudor
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
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Description : Under what conditions are some developing countries able to create stable democracies while others have slid into instability and authoritarianism? To address this classic question at the center of policy and academic debates, The Promise of Power investigates a striking puzzle: why, upon the 1947 Partition of British India, was India able to establish a stable democracy while Pakistan created an unstable autocracy? Drawing on interviews, colonial correspondence, and early government records to document the genesis of two of the twentieth century's most celebrated independence movements, Maya Tudor refutes the prevailing notion that a country's democratization prospects can be directly attributed to its levels of economic development or inequality. Instead, she demonstrates that the differential strengths of India's and Pakistan's independence movements directly account for their divergent democratization trajectories. She also establishes that these movements were initially constructed to pursue historically conditioned class interests. By illuminating the source of this enduring contrast, The Promise of Power offers a broad theory of democracy's origins that will interest scholars and students of comparative politics, democratization, state-building, and South Asian political history.


Government Of Pakistan

Author by : Parmatma Sharan
Languange : en
Publisher by : Meerut : Meenakshi Prakashan
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Description : Constitutional history of Pakistan, 1947-1973.


Foreign Pressure And The Politics Of Autocratic Survival

Author by : Abel Escribà-Folch
Languange : en
Publisher by : OUP Oxford
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Description : Can coercive foreign policy destabilize autocratic regimes? Can democracy be promoted from abroad? This book examines how foreign policy tools such as aid, economic sanctions, human rights shaming and prosecutions, and military intervention influence the survival of autocratic regimes. Foreign pressure destabilizes autocracies through three mechanisms: limiting the regime's capacity to maintain support; undermining its repressive capacity; and altering the expected utility of stepping down for political elites. Foreign Pressure and the Politics of Autocratic Survival distinguishes between three types of autocracies: personalist rule, party-based regimes, and military dictatorships. These distinct institutional settings influence the dictators' strategies for surviving in power as well as the propensity with which their leaders are punished after a regime transition. Consequently, the influence of foreign pressure varies across autocratic regime types. Further, the authors show that when foreign coercion destabilizes an autocracy, this does not always lead to democratic regime change because different regimes breakdown in distinct ways. While democratization is often equated with the demise of autocratic rule, it is just one possible outcome after an autocratic regime collapses. Many times, instead of democratization, externally-induced regime collapse means that a new dictatorship replaces the old one. This theory is tested against an extensive analysis of all dictatorships since 1946, and historical cases which trace the causal process in instances where foreign policy tools helped oust dictatorships. Oxford Studies in Democratization is a series for scholars and students of comparative politics and related disciplines. Volumes concentrate on the comparative study of the democratization process that accompanied the decline and termination of the cold war. The geographical focus of the series is primarily Latin America, the Caribbean, Southern and Eastern Europe, and relevant experiences in Africa and Asia. The series editor is Laurence Whitehead, Senior Research Fellow, Nuffield College, University of Oxford.


U S News World Report

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Languange : en
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Constitutional Economics

Author by : Stefan Voigt
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
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Description : Constitutional political economy has emerged as an indispensable part of political economy. This book offers a concise survey of the questions, methods, and empirical findings central to this topic. What effects – if any – do constitutions have within autocracies? Can small electoral districts help reduce corruption? Does a country's leadership affect the size of its government? Can direct democratic institutions increase politicians' accountability to citizens? Stefan Voigt, a pioneer in the field, explores these questions and more throughout the course of this cutting-edge primer. As the number of courses in constitutional economics continues to grow, this book fills an important gap in the literature. This highly original project maintains curiosity about the questions it generates, identifying potential new areas of research whilst successfully demonstrating the impact constitutional rules have on political economy.


Foreign Pressure And The Politics Of Autocratic Survival

Author by : Abel Escribà-Folch
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press, USA
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Description : This book examines how coercive foreign policies influence the survival of dictatorships. In particular, the book analyzes five widely used coercive instruments that democracies, international organizations and other transnational actors use to shape politics in authoritarian countries: conditional foreign aid, economic sanctions, human rights shaming campaigns, prosecutions for human right abuses, and military interventions. ForeignPressure and the Politics of Autocratic Survival develops a theoretical framework to understand how foreign pressure destabilizes authoritarian regimes, and tests this theory with an analysis of alldictatorships since 1946. The authors distinguish between three types of autocracies: personalist, dominant-party, and military dictatorships. These regimes differ in the strategies they use to retain power, the fate of elites after a transition, and how their regimes end. Due to these differences, coercive foreign policies are found to work in some cases but not others in predictable ways. Besides, while in some cases externally-induced instability may bring democratization, in others a newdictatorship replaces the old one.


Nigeria

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Languange : en
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The Civil Service Of Pakistan

Author by : Henry Frank Goodnow
Languange : en
Publisher by : New Haven, Yale U. P
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Historical Dictionary Of Pakistan

Author by : Shahid Javed Burki
Languange : en
Publisher by : Metuchen, N.J. : Scarecrow Press
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Total Read : 70
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The Bangladesh Liberation Movement

Author by : M. Rafiqul Islam
Languange : en
Publisher by :
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Description : Chiefly political events of East Pakistan, 1947-1971, leading to the emergence of Bangladesh.


The Illustrated London News

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Languange : en
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Jamaat I Islami

Author by : Pooja Joshi
Languange : en
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Description : "Pakistani history, establishment of Islamic state, Jamaat-i-Islami and the Pakistan movement."


Society And Dictatorship

Author by : Bernd Michael Scherer
Languange : en
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Description : Collection of essays, presented at two seminars organised by the Goethe Institut at Karachi and Lahore, Pakistan, 1990.


The Parliamentarian

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Languange : en
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Federalism In Asia

Author by : Harihar Bhattacharyya
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Description : This comprehensive book critically analyzes the successes and failures of federalism in India, Pakistan, Malaysia, Nepal and Myanmar for the political accommodation of ethno-regional diversity and assesses their comparative democratic significance for other countries in Asia. This revised new edition incorporates updated demographic, religious and linguistic data for the case study countries and examines some of the major changes that have taken place in formally federal states since 2010, including the 18th Amendment of the Constitution in Pakistan in 2010, which gave a major turn to decentralization by empowering the provinces; the new federal democratic Constitution that was introduced in Nepal in 2015; and the abolition of the Planning Commission and the National Development Council in India. The author thematically examines the growing tensions between nation and state-building in ethnically plural societies; modes of federation-building in Asia; persistent ethnic tensions in federations and the relationship between federalism and democracy; and federalism and decentralization. The book will be of use to advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students of Asian politics, comparative federalism and modern Asian political history and institutions, as well as policy makers on ethnic conflict regulation and peace studies and stakeholders in ethnic power-sharing and political order.


International Law And Drone Strikes In Pakistan

Author by : Sikander Ahmed Shah
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Description : While conventional warfare has an established body of legal precedence, the legality of drone strikes by the United States in Pakistan and elsewhere remains ambiguous. This book explores the legal and political issues surrounding the use of drones in Pakistan. Drawing from international treaty law, customary international law, and statistical data on the impact of the strikes, Sikander Ahmed Shah asks whether drone strikes by the United States in Pakistan are in compliance with international humanitarian law. The book questions how international law views the giving of consent between States for military action, and explores what this means for the interaction between sovereignty and consent. The book goes on to look at the socio-political realities of drone strikes in Pakistan, scrutinizing the impact of drone strikes on both Pakistani politics and US-Pakistan relationships. Topics include the Pakistan army-government relationship, the evolution of international institutions as a result of drone strikes, and the geopolitical dynamics affecting the region. As a detailed and critical examination of the legal and political challenges presented by drone strikes, this book will be essential to scholars and students of the law of armed conflict, security studies, political science and international relations.


Commonwealth Currents

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Pakistan

Author by : Syed Farooq Hasnat
Languange : en
Publisher by : ABC-CLIO
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Description : This book details the domestic security concerns of Pakistan, encompassing the dangers of insurgencies, the effects of religious extremism and terrorism, and the malfunction of its political institutions. * Maps and illustrations clarify key topics or historical events * Bibliography contains books and articles of relevance * Glossary defines key words and terms


A Brief History Of Pakistan

Author by : James Wynbrandt
Languange : en
Publisher by : Infobase Publishing
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Description : Introduces readers to the dramatic events, notable people, and special customs and traditions that have shaped many of the world's countries, with each volume covering a specific country and offering a concise history of the struggles and triumphs of the peoples and cultures that have called that country home.