Principles of Biomedical Informatics

Principles of Biomedical Informatics
Author: Ira J. Kalet, PhD
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 708
Release: 2013-09-26
ISBN: 0123914620
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Principles of Biomedical Informatics Book Excerpt:

This second edition of a pioneering technical work in biomedical informatics provides a very readable treatment of the deep computational ideas at the foundation of the field. Principles of Biomedical Informatics, 2nd Edition is radically reorganized to make it especially useable as a textbook for courses that move beyond the standard introductory material. It includes exercises at the end of each chapter, ideas for student projects, and a number of new topics, such as: • tree structured data, interval trees, and time-oriented medical data and their use • On Line Application Processing (OLAP), an old database idea that is only recently coming of age and finding surprising importance in biomedical informatics • a discussion of nursing knowledge and an example of encoding nursing advice in a rule-based system • X-ray physics and algorithms for cross-sectional medical image reconstruction, recognizing that this area was one of the most central to the origin of biomedical computing • an introduction to Markov processes, and • an outline of the elements of a hospital IT security program, focusing on fundamental ideas rather than specifics of system vulnerabilities or specific technologies. It is simultaneously a unified description of the core research concept areas of biomedical data and knowledge representation, biomedical information access, biomedical decision-making, and information and technology use in biomedical contexts, and a pre-eminent teaching reference for the growing number of healthcare and computing professionals embracing computation in health-related fields. As in the first edition, it includes many worked example programs in Common LISP, the most powerful and accessible modern language for advanced biomedical concept representation and manipulation. The text also includes humor, history, and anecdotal material to balance the mathematically and computationally intensive development in many of the topic areas. The emphasis, as in the first edition, is on ideas and methods that are likely to be of lasting value, not just the popular topics of the day. Ira Kalet is Professor Emeritus of Radiation Oncology, and of Biomedical Informatics and Medical Education, at the University of Washington. Until retiring in 2011 he was also an Adjunct Professor in Computer Science and Engineering, and Biological Structure. From 2005 to 2010 he served as IT Security Director for the University of Washington School of Medicine and its major teaching hospitals. He has been a member of the American Medical Informatics Association since 1990, and an elected Fellow of the American College of Medical Informatics since 2011. His research interests include simulation systems for design of radiation treatment for cancer, software development methodology, and artificial intelligence applications to medicine, particularly expert systems, ontologies and modeling. Develops principles and methods for representing biomedical data, using information in context and in decision making, and accessing information to assist the medical community in using data to its full potential Provides a series of principles for expressing biomedical data and ideas in a computable form to integrate biological, clinical, and public health applications Includes a discussion of user interfaces, interactive graphics, and knowledge resources and reference material on programming languages to provide medical informatics programmers with the technical tools to develop systems

Principles of Biomedical Informatics

Principles of Biomedical Informatics
Author: Ira Kalet
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 516
Release: 2009
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Principles of Biomedical Informatics Book Excerpt:

This volume provides a foundation for understanding the fundamentals of biomedical informatics, which deals with the storage, retrieval and use of biomedical data for biological problem solving and medical decision making. It covers the three main biomedical domains of basic biology, clinical medicine and public health.

Evaluation Methods in Biomedical Informatics

Evaluation Methods in Biomedical Informatics
Author: Charles P. Friedman,Jeremy Wyatt
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 386
Release: 2006-01-05
ISBN: 0387306773
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Evaluation Methods in Biomedical Informatics Book Excerpt:

Heavily updated and revised from the successful first edition Appeals to a wide range of informatics professionals, from students to on-site medical information system administrators Includes case studies and real world system evaluations References and self-tests for feedback and motivation after each chapter Great for teaching purposes, the book is recommended for courses offered at universities such as Columbia University Precise definition and use of terms

Methods in Biomedical Informatics

Methods in Biomedical Informatics
Author: Indra Neil Sarkar
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 592
Release: 2013-09-03
ISBN: 0124016847
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Methods in Biomedical Informatics Book Excerpt:

Beginning with a survey of fundamental concepts associated with data integration, knowledge representation, and hypothesis generation from heterogeneous data sets, Methods in Biomedical Informatics provides a practical survey of methodologies used in biological, clinical, and public health contexts. These concepts provide the foundation for more advanced topics like information retrieval, natural language processing, Bayesian modeling, and learning classifier systems. The survey of topics then concludes with an exposition of essential methods associated with engineering, personalized medicine, and linking of genomic and clinical data. Within an overall context of the scientific method, Methods in Biomedical Informatics provides a practical coverage of topics that is specifically designed for: (1) domain experts seeking an understanding of biomedical informatics approaches for addressing specific methodological needs; or (2) biomedical informaticians seeking an approachable overview of methodologies that can be used in scenarios germane to biomedical research. Contributors represent leading biomedical informatics experts: individuals who have demonstrated effective use of biomedical informatics methodologies in the real-world, high-quality biomedical applications Material is presented as a balance between foundational coverage of core topics in biomedical informatics with practical "in-the-trenches" scenarios. Contains appendices that function as primers on: (1) Unix; (2) Ruby; (3) Databases; and (4) Web Services.

Biomedical Informatics

Biomedical Informatics
Author: Edward H. Shortliffe,James J. Cimino
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 965
Release: 2013-12-02
ISBN: 1447144740
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biomedical Informatics Book Excerpt:

The practice of modern medicine and biomedical research requires sophisticated information technologies with which to manage patient information, plan diagnostic procedures, interpret laboratory results, and carry out investigations. Biomedical Informatics provides both a conceptual framework and a practical inspiration for this swiftly emerging scientific discipline at the intersection of computer science, decision science, information science, cognitive science, and biomedicine. Now revised and in its third edition, this text meets the growing demand by practitioners, researchers, and students for a comprehensive introduction to key topics in the field. Authored by leaders in medical informatics and extensively tested in their courses, the chapters in this volume constitute an effective textbook for students of medical informatics and its areas of application. The book is also a useful reference work for individual readers needing to understand the role that computers can play in the provision of clinical services and the pursuit of biological questions. The volume is organized so as first to explain basic concepts and then to illustrate them with specific systems and technologies.

Bioinformatics

Bioinformatics
Author: Information Resources Management Association
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 1246
Release: 2013-03-31
ISBN: 146663605X
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bioinformatics Book Excerpt:

"Bioinformatics: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications highlights the area of bioinformatics and its impact over the medical community with its innovations that change how we recognize and care for illnesses"--Provided by publisher.

Deep Learning Machine Learning and IoT in Biomedical and Health Informatics

Deep Learning  Machine Learning and IoT in Biomedical and Health Informatics
Author: Sujata Dash,Subhendu Kumar Pani,Joel J. P. C. Rodrigues,Babita Majhi
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 382
Release: 2022-02-11
ISBN: 1000534057
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Deep Learning Machine Learning and IoT in Biomedical and Health Informatics Book Excerpt:

Biomedical and Health Informatics is an important field that brings tremendous opportunities and helps address challenges due to an abundance of available biomedical data. This book examines and demonstrates state-of-the-art approaches for IoT and Machine Learning based biomedical and health related applications. This book aims to provide computational methods for accumulating, updating and changing knowledge in intelligent systems and particularly learning mechanisms that help us to induce knowledge from the data. It is helpful in cases where direct algorithmic solutions are unavailable, there is lack of formal models, or the knowledge about the application domain is inadequately defined. In the future IoT has the impending capability to change the way we work and live. These computing methods also play a significant role in design and optimization in diverse engineering disciplines. With the influence and the development of the IoT concept, the need for AI (artificial intelligence) techniques has become more significant than ever. The aim of these techniques is to accept imprecision, uncertainties and approximations to get a rapid solution. However, recent advancements in representation of intelligent IoTsystems generate a more intelligent and robust system providing a human interpretable, low-cost, and approximate solution. Intelligent IoT systems have demonstrated great performance to a variety of areas including big data analytics, time series, biomedical and health informatics. This book will be very beneficial for the new researchers and practitioners working in the biomedical and healthcare fields to quickly know the best performing methods. It will also be suitable for a wide range of readers who may not be scientists but who are also interested in the practice of such areas as medical image retrieval, brain image segmentation, among others. • Discusses deep learning, IoT, machine learning, and biomedical data analysis with broad coverage of basic scientific applications • Presents deep learning and the tremendous improvement in accuracy, robustness, and cross- language generalizability it has over conventional approaches • Discusses various techniques of IoT systems for healthcare data analytics • Provides state-of-the-art methods of deep learning, machine learning and IoT in biomedical and health informatics • Focuses more on the application of algorithms in various real life biomedical and engineering problems

Informatics Education in Healthcare

Informatics Education in Healthcare
Author: Eta S. Berner
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 243
Release: 2013-09-02
ISBN: 1447140788
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Informatics Education in Healthcare Book Excerpt:

This book reviews and defines the current state of the art for informatics education in medicine and health care. This field has undergone considerable change as the field of informatics itself has evolved. Twenty years ago almost the only individuals involved in health care who had even heard the term “informatics” were those who identified themselves as medical or nursing informaticians. Today, we have a variety of subfields of informatics including not just medical and nursing informatics, but informatics applied to specific health professions (such as dental or pharmacy informatics), as well as biomedical informatics, bioinformatics and public health informatics. The book addresses the broad range of informatics education programs available today. The Editor and experienced internationally recognized informatics educators who have contributed to this work have made the tacit knowledge explicit and shared some of the lessons they have learned. This book therefore represents the key reference for all involved in the informatics education whether they be trainers or trainees.

Biomedical Informatics

Biomedical Informatics
Author: David J. Lubliner
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 444
Release: 2015-11-04
ISBN: 146659621X
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biomedical Informatics Book Excerpt:

This complete medical informatics textbook begins by reviewing the IT aspects of informatics, including systems architecture, electronic health records, interoperability, privacy and security, cloud computing, mobile healthcare, imaging, capturing data, and design issues. Next, it provides case studies that illustrate the roll out of EHRs in hospitals. The third section incorporates four anatomy and physiology lectures that focus on the physiological basis behind data captured in EHR medical records. The book includes links to documents and standards sources so students can explore each idea discussed in more detail.

dHealth 2020 Biomedical Informatics for Health and Care

dHealth 2020     Biomedical Informatics for Health and Care
Author: G. Schreier,D. Hayn,A. Eggerth
Publsiher: IOS Press
Total Pages: 294
Release: 2020-06-24
ISBN: 1643680854
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

dHealth 2020 Biomedical Informatics for Health and Care Book Excerpt:

Successful digital healthcare depends on the effective flow of a complete chain of information; from the sensor, via multiple steps of processing, to the actuator, which can be anything from a human healthcare professional to a robot. Along this pathway, methods for automating the processing of information, like signal processing, machine learning, predictive analytics and decision support, play an increasing role in providing actionable information and supporting personalized and preventive healthcare concepts in both biomedical and digital healthcare systems and applications. ICT systems in healthcare and biomedical systems and devices are very closely related, and in the future they will become increasingly intertwined. Indeed, it is already often difficult to delineate where the one ends and the other begins. This book presents the intended proceedings of the dHealth 2020 annual conference on the general topic of health Informatics and digital health, which was due to be held in Vienna, Austria, on 19 and 20 May 2020, but which was cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The decision was nevertheless taken to publish these proceedings, which include the 40 papers which would have been delivered at the conference. The special topic for the 2020 edition of the conference was Biomedical Informatics for Health and Care. The book provides an overview of current developments in health informatics and digital health, and will be of interest to researchers and healthcare practitioners alike.

Genomic and Precision Medicine

Genomic and Precision Medicine
Author: Geoffrey S. Ginsburg,Huntington F Willard,John Strickler,Matthew Stuart McKinney
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 378
Release: 2022-04-09
ISBN: 0128006536
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genomic and Precision Medicine Book Excerpt:

Genomic and Precision Medicine: Oncology, Third Edition focuses on the applications of genome discovery as research points to personalized cancer therapies. Each chapter is organized to cover the application of genomics and personalized medicine tools and technologies to a) Risk Assessment and Susceptibility, b) Diagnosis and Prognosis, c) Pharmacogenomics and Precision Therapeutics, and d) Emerging and Future Opportunities in the field. Provides a comprehensive volume written and edited by oncology genomic specialists for oncology health providers Includes succinct commentary and key learning points that will assist providers with their local needs for implementation of genomic and personalized medicine into practice Presents an up-to-date overview on major opportunities for genomic and personalized medicine in practice Covers case studies that highlight the practical use of genomics in the management of patients

Information Resources in Toxicology

Information Resources in Toxicology
Author: P.J. Bert Hakkinen,Asish Mohapatra,Steven G. G. Gilbert
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 1552
Release: 2009-08-19
ISBN: 9780080920030
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Information Resources in Toxicology Book Excerpt:

This latest version of Information Resources in Toxicology (IRT) continues a tradition established in 1982 with the publication of the first edition in presenting an extensive itemization, review, and commentary on the information infrastructure of the field. This book is a unique wide-ranging, international, annotated bibliography and compendium of major resources in toxicology and allied fields such as environmental and occupational health, chemical safety, and risk assessment. Thoroughly updated, the current edition analyzes technological changes and is rife with online tools and links to Web sites. IRT-IV is highly structured, providing easy access to its information. Among the “hot topics covered are Disaster Preparedness and Management, Nanotechnology, Omics, the Precautionary Principle, Risk Assessment, and Biological, Chemical and Radioactive Terrorism and Warfare are among the designated. • International in scope, with contributions from over 30 countries • Numerous key references and relevant Web links • Concise narratives about toxicologic sub-disciplines • Valuable appendices such as the IUPAC Glossary of Terms in Toxicology • Authored by experts in their respective sub-disciplines within toxicology

Transforming Biomedical Informatics and Health Information Access

Transforming Biomedical Informatics and Health Information Access
Author: B.L. Humphreys
Publsiher: IOS Press
Total Pages: 492
Release: 2022-03-04
ISBN: 1643682393
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Transforming Biomedical Informatics and Health Information Access Book Excerpt:

During his 31-year tenure as director of the U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM), Donald A.B. Lindberg M.D. dramatically increased access to knowledge about health issues, medicine, medical care, the health professions, and health literacy. As an enthusiastic visionary with a plan, his aim was to bring about a more efficient transfer and use of information and data. Dr. Lindberg and the NLM helped transform and reshape medicine and the health system in the 20th and 21st centuries. Dr. Lindberg envisioned, encouraged, and supported the development of electronic health records and telemedicine. Coupled with the evolution of the Internet, these technologies made health systems more efficient for research, the delivery of clinical services, the education of health professionals, bioethics, improving the public’s health literacy, and disease prevention strategies. Dr. Lindberg also was committed to enhancing the capacity of underserved and minority populations to make use of NLM’s health information resources. Transforming Biomedical Informatics and Health Information Access is a tribute to Don Lindberg and the NLM. The book is divided into four sections. The first documents the advances in biomedical informatics during Dr. Lindberg’s career, emphasizing the contributions made by teams of talented individuals at the NLM. The second section describes how the NLM’s creation of new methods of access to diverse biomedical databases improved information access for healthcare professionals, biomedical researchers, and the public. The third section explains how NLM’s outreach programs improved access to health information among underrepresented audiences and communities. The more informal fourth section provides brief memoirs about Dr. Lindberg’s life, character, and humanism.

Bioinformatics Medical Informatics and the Law

Bioinformatics  Medical Informatics and the Law
Author: Contreras, Jorge L.,Cuticchia , A. J.,Kirsch, Gregory J.
Publsiher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Total Pages: 328
Release: 2022-01-11
ISBN: 183910595X
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bioinformatics Medical Informatics and the Law Book Excerpt:

In recent years the field of bioinformatics has emerged from the university research laboratory and entered the mainstream healthcare establishment. During this time there has been a rapid increase of legal developments affecting this dynamic field, from Supreme Court decisions radically altering the patentability of informatics inventions to major developments in privacy law both in Europe and the U.S. This edited book strives to offer the reader insight into some of the major legal trends and considerations applicable to these fields today.

Bioinformatics and Biomarker Discovery

Bioinformatics and Biomarker Discovery
Author: Francisco Azuaje
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 248
Release: 2011-08-24
ISBN: 111996430X
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bioinformatics and Biomarker Discovery Book Excerpt:

This book is designed to introduce biologists, clinicians and computational researchers to fundamental data analysis principles, techniques and tools for supporting the discovery of biomarkers and the implementation of diagnostic/prognostic systems. The focus of the book is on how fundamental statistical and data mining approaches can support biomarker discovery and evaluation, emphasising applications based on different types of "omic" data. The book also discusses design factors, requirements and techniques for disease screening, diagnostic and prognostic applications. Readers are provided with the knowledge needed to assess the requirements, computational approaches and outputs in disease biomarker research. Commentaries from guest experts are also included, containing detailed discussions of methodologies and applications based on specific types of "omic" data, as well as their integration. Covers the main range of data sources currently used for biomarker discovery Covers the main range of data sources currently used for biomarker discovery Puts emphasis on concepts, design principles and methodologies that can be extended or tailored to more specific applications Offers principles and methods for assessing the bioinformatic/biostatistic limitations, strengths and challenges in biomarker discovery studies Discusses systems biology approaches and applications Includes expert chapter commentaries to further discuss relevance of techniques, summarize biological/clinical implications and provide alternative interpretations

Biomedical Informatics in Translational Research

Biomedical Informatics in Translational Research
Author: Hai Hu,Richard J. Mural,Michael N. Liebman
Publsiher: Artech House
Total Pages: 264
Release: 2008
ISBN: 159693039X
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biomedical Informatics in Translational Research Book Excerpt:

This trailblazing resource on biomedical informatics provides medical researchers with innovative techniques for integrating and federating data from clinical and molecular studies. This volume helps researchers manage data, expedite their efforts, and make the most of targeted basic research.

Medical Informatics e Health

Medical Informatics  e Health
Author: Alain Venot,Anita Burgun,Catherine Quantin
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 494
Release: 2013-09-02
ISBN: 2817804783
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Medical Informatics e Health Book Excerpt:

Over the years, medical informatics has matured into a true scientific discipline. Fundamental and applied aspects are now taught in various fields of health, including medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, nursing and public health. Medical informatics is also often included in the curricula of many other disciplines, including the life sciences, engineering and economics. Medical informatics is a complex and rapidly changing discipline. Relatively few books have been published on the subject, and they rapidly become obsolete. This book is the fruit of a collaborative effort between authors teaching medical informatics in France and others who are conducting research in this field. In addition, an international perspective was pursued, as reflected in the inclusion of various developments and actions in both the USA and Europe. This book is divided into 18 chapters, all of which include learning objectives, recommendations for further reading, exercises and bibliographic references.

Biomedical Informatics

Biomedical Informatics
Author: Andreas Holzinger
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 370
Release: 2012
ISBN: 3848222191
Category: Bioinformatics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biomedical Informatics Book Excerpt:

Medical Informatics is defined as an interdisciplinary field studying the effective use of biomedical data, information and knowledge for scientific inquiry, problem solving, and decision making, motivated by efforts to improve human health. To emphasize the broad character it is called Biomedical Informatics. The course LV 444.152 consists of the following 12 lectures: 1. Introduction: Computer Science meets Life Sciences, challenges and future directions; 2. Back to the future: Fundamentals of Data, Information and Knowledge; 3. Structured Data: Coding, Classification (ICD, SNOMED, MeSH, UMLS); 4. Biomedical Databases: Acquisition, Storage, Information Retrieval and Use; 5. Semi structured and weakly structured data; 6. Multimedia Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery; 7. Knowledge and Decision: Cognitive Science and Human-Computer Interaction; 8. Biomedical Decision Making: Reasoning and Decision Support; 9. Intelligent Information Visualization and Visual Analytics; 10. Biomedical Information Systems and Medical Knowledge Management; 11. Biomedical Data: Privacy, Safety and Security 12. Methodology for Information Systems: System Design, Usability and Evaluation

Interactive Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining in Biomedical Informatics

Interactive Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining in Biomedical Informatics
Author: Andreas Holzinger,Igor Jurisica
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 357
Release: 2014-06-17
ISBN: 3662439689
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Interactive Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining in Biomedical Informatics Book Excerpt:

One of the grand challenges in our digital world are the large, complex and often weakly structured data sets, and massive amounts of unstructured information. This “big data” challenge is most evident in biomedical informatics: the trend towards precision medicine has resulted in an explosion in the amount of generated biomedical data sets. Despite the fact that human experts are very good at pattern recognition in dimensions of = 3; most of the data is high-dimensional, which makes manual analysis often impossible and neither the medical doctor nor the biomedical researcher can memorize all these facts. A synergistic combination of methodologies and approaches of two fields offer ideal conditions towards unraveling these problems: Human–Computer Interaction (HCI) and Knowledge Discovery/Data Mining (KDD), with the goal of supporting human capabilities with machine learning./ppThis state-of-the-art survey is an output of the HCI-KDD expert network and features 19 carefully selected and reviewed papers related to seven hot and promising research areas: Area 1: Data Integration, Data Pre-processing and Data Mapping; Area 2: Data Mining Algorithms; Area 3: Graph-based Data Mining; Area 4: Entropy-Based Data Mining; Area 5: Topological Data Mining; Area 6 Data Visualization and Area 7: Privacy, Data Protection, Safety and Security.

Biomedical Informatics for Cancer Research

Biomedical Informatics for Cancer Research
Author: Michael F. Ochs,John T. Casagrande,Ramana V. Davuluri
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 354
Release: 2010-04-06
ISBN: 1441957146
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biomedical Informatics for Cancer Research Book Excerpt:

view, showing that multiple molecular pathways must be affected for cancer to develop, but with different specific proteins in each pathway mutated or differentially expressed in a given tumor (The Cancer Genome Atlas Research Network 2008; Parsons et al. 2008). Different studies demonstrated that while widespread mutations exist in cancer, not all mutations drive cancer development (Lin et al. 2007). This suggests a need to target only a deleterious subset of aberrant proteins, since any tre- ment must aim to improve health to justify its potential side effects. Treatment for cancer must become highly individualized, focusing on the specific aberrant driver proteins in an individual. This drives a need for informatics in cancer far beyond the need in other diseases. For instance, routine treatment with statins has become widespread for minimizing heart disease, with most patients responding to standard doses (Wilt et al. 2004). In contrast, standard treatment for cancer must become tailored to the molecular phenotype of an individual tumor, with each patient receiving a different combination of therapeutics aimed at the specific aberrant proteins driving the cancer. Tracking the aberrations that drive cancers, identifying biomarkers unique to each individual for molecular-level di- nosis and treatment response, monitoring adverse events and complex dosing schedules, and providing annotated molecular data for ongoing research to improve treatments comprise a major biomedical informatics need.