Production of Top 12 Biochemicals Selected by USDOE from Renewable Resources

Production of Top 12 Biochemicals Selected by USDOE from Renewable Resources
Author: Anuj K. Chandel,Fernando Segato
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 474
Release: 2021-10-13
ISBN: 012823654X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Production of Top 12 Biochemicals Selected by USDOE from Renewable Resources Book Excerpt:

Production of Top 12 Biochemicals Selected by USDOE from Renewable Resources: Status and Innovation covers all important technological aspects of the production of biochemicals from renewable feedstock. All the important technological aspects of biomass conversion for example biomass pretreatment, enzymatic hydrolysis for cellulosic sugars production followed by the fermentation into chemicals and downstream recovery of the products is reviewed. Recent technological advancements in suitable microorganism development, bioprocess engineering for biomass conversion for cellulosic sugars production and various fermentation strategies and downstream recovery of these top 12 products is presented. Each bio-chemical selected by US Department of Energy i.e. ethanol, xylitol/sorbitol, furans (5-HMF, 2,5-FDCA,), glycerol & its derivatives, hydrocarbons) isoprene, iso-butadienes and others), lactic acid, succinic acid, 3-hydroxy propionic acid, levulinic acid and biohydrogen/biogas is included in a single book chapter. In addition to the technical aspects of these 12 biochemicals, general technological challenges dealing with lignocellulose refining, perspectives and solutions are elaborated in the book. Also, life cycle analysis, techno-economic viability, and sustainability index of biofuels/biochemicals are comprehensively reviewed in the book. covers uniquely designed scientific and technical literature on USDOE top listed biochemicals production with clear images and tables in the context of biomass valorisation Includes the clear and simplistic illustration of technological updates on biomass processing, system biology, microbial fermentation, catalysis, regeneration and monitoring of renewable energy and chemicals production Presents fast and reliable source of information on techno-economic analysis, life cycle analysis, technological scouting at industrial scale Entails fundamental aspects, recent developments in production of renewable chemicals as building block materials for commodity chemicals production

Biomass Biofuels Biochemicals

Biomass  Biofuels  Biochemicals
Author: Sunita Varjani,Ashok Pandey,Thallada Bhaskar,S.Venkata Mohan,Daniel C.W. Tsang
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 672
Release: 2021-12-04
ISBN: 0323910467
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biomass Biofuels Biochemicals Book Excerpt:

Biomass, Biofuels, Biochemicals: Circular Bioeconomy: Technologies for Biofuels and Biochemicals provides comprehensive information on strategies and approaches that facilitate the integration of technologies for the production of bio-based fuels, chemicals and other value-added products from wastes with waste biorefinery concepts and green strategies. The book also covers lifecycle assessment and techno-economic analyses of integrated biorefineries within a circular bioeconomy framework. As there has been continual research on new designs in production and consumerist approaches as we move towards sustainable development by scientists of various disciplines, law makers, environmental activists and industrialists, this book provides the latest details. Resources consumption and environment degradation necessitates a transition of our linear economy towards sustainable social and technical systems. As fossil resources are only projected to fulfill the needs of the population for the next couple of centuries, new tactics and standards must be created to ensure future success. Covers recent developments and perspectives on biofuels and chemicals production Provides the latest on the integration of technologies and processes for biofuels and chemicals production Paves a way forward roadmap to achieve Sustainable Development Goals Covers recent developments in lifecycle assessment and techno economic analysis using a waste biorefinery approach

Biomass Biofuels Biochemicals

Biomass  Biofuels  Biochemicals
Author: S. Saravanamurugan,Hu Li,Anders Riisager,Ashok Pandey
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 508
Release: 2019-10-23
ISBN: 0444643087
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biomass Biofuels Biochemicals Book Excerpt:

Biomass, Biofuels, Biochemicals: Recent Advances in Development of Platform Chemicals provides a detailed overview on the experimentally developed methods that facilitate platform chemicals derivation from biomass-based substrates with robust catalyst systems. In addition, the book highlights the green chemistry approach towards platform chemical production. Chapters discuss platform chemicals and global market volumes, the optimization of process schemes and reaction parameters with respect to achieving a high yield of targeted platform chemicals, such as sugars and furonic compounds by modifying the respective catalytic system, the influence of solvents on reaction selectivity and product distribution, and the long-term stability of employed catalysts. Overall, the objectives of the book are to provide the reader with an understanding of the societal importance of platform chemicals, an assessment of the techno-economic viability of biomass valorization processes, catalyst design for a specific reaction, and the design of a catalytic system. Covers recent developments on platform chemicals Provides comprehensive technological developments on specific platform chemicals Covers organic transformations, catalytic synthesis, thermal stability, reaction parameters and solvent effect Includes case studies on the production of a number of chemicals, such as Levulinic acid, glycerol, phenol derivatives, and more

Quality Living Through Chemurgy and Green Chemistry

Quality Living Through Chemurgy and Green Chemistry
Author: Peter C.K. Lau
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 369
Release: 2017-01-25
ISBN: 3662537044
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Quality Living Through Chemurgy and Green Chemistry Book Excerpt:

This book is intended to give readers an appreciation of what the future holds, as cutting-edge technologies in synthetic biology and pathway engineering and advanced bioprocessing development pave the way for providing goods and services to benefit humankind that are based on the synergy of two biomasses - i.e. of what a renewable feedstock could yield and an infinite microbial biomass could provide in terms of enzymes and biocatalysts. This 13-chapter book, with an introductory treatise on the guiding principles of green chemistry and engineering metrics, brings together a broad range of research and innovation agendas and perspectives from industries, academia and government laboratories using renewable feedstocks that include macroalgae and lignins. In addition, social-economic aspects and the pillars of competitiveness in regional cluster development are explored as we transition from fossil-fuel-based economies to a circular bioeconomy, with chemurgy and green chemistry being implicit to the innovation movement. The bulk of the book covers specific applications including the bioproduction of amino sugars, dicarboxylic acids, omega-3 fatty acids, starch and fermentable sugars from lignocellulosic materials, and phenolics as building blocks for polymer synthesis. Enzymatic systems for accessing chiral and special-purpose chemicals, as well as the development of specialized enzymes from macroalgae for biofuel and biochemical production are also addressed. Research gaps, hurdles to overcome in various biological processes, and present achievements in the production of biofuels and biochemicals from lignocellulosic materials are discussed. Going beyond the conventional expectation of discussing the production of drop-in chemicals, the book instead emphasizes how the potential of new chemicals and materials can be harnessed through innovative thinking and research. As such, it provides an invaluable reference source for researchers and graduate students interested in Chemurgy and Green Chemistry, as well as for practitioners in the field of industrial biotechnology and biobased industry. Peter C.K. Lau is a Distinguished Professor at Tianjin Institute of Industrial Biotechnology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and an Adjunct Professor at the Departments of Chemistry and Microbiology & Immunology, McGill University, Canada.

A Sustainable Bioeconomy

A Sustainable Bioeconomy
Author: Mika Sillanpää,Chaker Ncibi
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 343
Release: 2017-04-13
ISBN: 3319556371
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Sustainable Bioeconomy Book Excerpt:

An authoritative and comprehensive volume of knowledge and green technologies wholly focused on the future of the bioeconomy. The authors present data, show opportunities, discuss R&D findings, analyze strategies, assess the wider economic impact, showcase achievements, criticize policies and propose solutions for the green revolution in biofuels, biochemicals and biomaterials’ production and power generation. A fascinating range of case studies from the US, China and many European countries are used to inform readers about the impact of this field on society and how various technologies are currently being implemented. Additionally, the role of industry on this green industrial revolution is outlined with contributions from several major companies such as DuPont (US), UPM-Kymmene Oy (Finland), Anhui BBCA Biochemical Co (China).

Biorefineries

Biorefineries
Author: Nasib Qureshi,David Hodge,Alain Vertes
Publsiher: Newnes
Total Pages: 296
Release: 2014-08-19
ISBN: 044459504X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biorefineries Book Excerpt:

Biorefineries outlines the processes and steps to successfully scale up production of two types of biofuels, butanol and ethanol, from cellulosic residues for commercial purposes. It covers practical topics, including biomass availability, pretreatment, fermentation, and water recycling, as well as policy and economic factors. This reflects the unique expertise of the editor team, whose backgrounds range from wood and herbaceous feedstocks to process economics and industrial expertise. The strategies presented in this book help readers to design integrated and efficient processes to reduce the cost of production and achieve an economically viable end product Outlines the economic benefits of designing a single operational process. Includes all currently available processes on pretreatment, fermentation and recovery Covers all pretreatment, fermentation, and product recovery options Focuses on biofuels but acts as a stepping stone to develop cost-efficient processes for an array of commodity chemicals

Biorefineries A Step Towards Renewable and Clean Energy

Biorefineries  A Step Towards Renewable and Clean Energy
Author: Pradeep Verma
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 620
Release: 2021-01-04
ISBN: 9811595933
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biorefineries A Step Towards Renewable and Clean Energy Book Excerpt:

This book provides a comprehensive account of past, present and future of the biomass based biorefineries. It is an all-inclusive and insightful compilation of recent advancements in the technology and methods used for conversion of biomass to bioenergy and other useful biochemicals. The book also focuses on the limitations of existing technologies and provides the future prospects, as well as discusses socio-economic impact of biomass based biorefineries. This book assists researchers in the area of lignocellulosic biorefineries and can be used by the students, scientist and academician as an advanced reference textbook.

BioEnergy and BioChemicals Production from Biomass and Residual Resources

BioEnergy and BioChemicals Production from Biomass and Residual Resources
Author: Dimitar Karakashev,Yifeng Zhang
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2019-02-18
ISBN: 3038972142
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

BioEnergy and BioChemicals Production from Biomass and Residual Resources Book Excerpt:

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "BioEnergy and BioChemicals Production from Biomass and Residual Resources" that was published in Energies

Recent Developments in Applied Microbiology and Biochemistry

Recent Developments in Applied Microbiology and Biochemistry
Author: Buddolla Viswanath
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 380
Release: 2020-10-15
ISBN: 0128214074
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Recent Developments in Applied Microbiology and Biochemistry Book Excerpt:

Recent Developments in Applied Microbiology and Biochemistry, Vol. 2, provides a comprehensive treatment and understanding on application oriented microbial concepts, giving readers insights into recent developments in microbial biotechnology and medical, agricultural and environmental microbiology. Discusses microbial proteome analyses and their importance in medical microbiology Explores emerging trends in the prevention of current global health problems, such as cancer, obesity and immunity Shows recent approaches in the production of novel enzymes from environmental samples by enrichment culture and metagenomics approaches Guides readers through the status and recent developments in analytical methods for the detection of foodborne microorganisms

Horizons in Sustainable Industrial Chemistry and Catalysis

Horizons in Sustainable Industrial Chemistry and Catalysis
Author: Stefania Albonetti,Siglinda Perathoner,Elsje Alessandra Quadrelli
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 444
Release: 2019-02-13
ISBN: 0444641475
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Horizons in Sustainable Industrial Chemistry and Catalysis Book Excerpt:

Horizons in Sustainable Industrial Chemistry and Catalysis, Volume 178, presents a comprehensive picture of recent developments in terms of sustainable industrial processes and the catalytic needs and opportunities to develop these novel routes. Each chapter includes an introduction and state-of-the-art in the field, along with a series of specific aspects and examples. The book identifies new opportunities for research that will help us transition to low carbon and sustainable energy and chemical production. Users will find an integrated view of the new possibilities in this area that unleashes new possibilities in energy and chemistry. Combines an analysis of each scenario, the state-of-the art, and specific examples to help users better understand needs, opportunities, gaps and challenges Offers an integrated view of new catalytic technologies that are needed for future use Presents an interdisciplinary approach that combines broad expertise Brings together experts in the area of sustainable industrial chemistry

Chemistry of Renewables

Chemistry of Renewables
Author: Arno Behr,Thomas Seidensticker
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 394
Release: 2020-10-29
ISBN: 3662614308
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chemistry of Renewables Book Excerpt:

This textbook introduces the industrial production and processing of natural resources. It is divided into six major topics (fats and oils, carbohydrates, lignin, terpenoids, other natural products, biorefinery), which are divided into a total of 20 chapters. Each chapter is self-contained and therefore a compact learning unit, which can be worked on by students in self-study or presented by lecturers. Clear illustrations, flow diagrams, apparatus drawings and photos facilitate the understanding of the subject matter. All chapters end with a succinct summary, the "Take Home Messages". Each chapter is supplemented by ten short test questions, which can be solved quickly after working through the chapter; the answers are at the end of the book. All chapters contain bibliographical references that focus on essential textbooks and reference works. As a prior knowledge, only basic knowledge of chemistry is required.

Sustainable Catalytic Processes

Sustainable Catalytic Processes
Author: Basudeb Saha,Maohong Fan I,Jianji Wang
Publsiher: Newnes
Total Pages: 218
Release: 2015-06-11
ISBN: 0444595791
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sustainable Catalytic Processes Book Excerpt:

The development of catalysts is the most sophisticated art in chemical sciences. It can be read like a story book when the critical scientific contents are presented in a chronological manner with short and simple sentences. This book will meets these criteria. To address the sustainability issues of existing chemical manufacturing processes or producing new chemicals, researchers are developing alternate catalysts to eliminate toxic chemicals use and by-products formation. Sustainable Catalytic Processes presents critical discussions of the progress of such catalytic development. This book of contemporary research results in sustainable catalysis area will benefit scientists in both industries and academia, and students to learn recent catalysts/process development. Reports the most recent developments in catalysis with a focus on environmentally friendly commercial processes, such as waste water treatment, alternate energy, etc Bridges the theory, necessary for the development of environmentally friendly processes, and their implementation through pilot plant and large scale Contains mainly laboratory scale data and encourages industrial scientists to test these processes on a pilot scale Includes work examples featuring the development of the new catalysts/processes using bio-renewable feedstock satisfactorily addressing environmental concerns Includes one chapter demonstrating real industrial examples motivating the industrial and academic researchers to pursue similar research

Chemical Energy Storage

Chemical Energy Storage
Author: Robert Schlögl
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Total Pages: 712
Release: 2022-01-19
ISBN: 3110608596
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chemical Energy Storage Book Excerpt:

Energy – in the headlines, discussed controversially, vital. The use of regenerative energy in many primary forms leads to the necessity to store grid dimensions for maintaining continuous supply and enabling the replacement of fossil fuel systems. Chemical energy storage is one of the possibilities besides mechano-thermal and biological systems. This work starts with the more general aspects of chemical energy storage in the context of the geosphere and evolves to dealing with aspects of electrochemistry, catalysis, synthesis of catalysts, functional analysis of catalytic processes and with the interface between electrochemistry and heterogeneous catalysis. Top-notch experts provide a sound, practical, hands-on insight into the present status of energy conversion aimed primarily at the young emerging research front.

Biomass and Green Chemistry

Biomass and Green Chemistry
Author: Sílvio Vaz Jr.
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 252
Release: 2017-11-16
ISBN: 331966736X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biomass and Green Chemistry Book Excerpt:

This book investigates the main vegetable biomass types, their chemical characteristics and their potential to replace oil as raw material for the chemical industry, according to the principles of green chemistry. Authors from different scientific and technical backgrounds, from industry and academia, give an overview of the state of the art and ongoing developments. Aspects including bioeconomy, biorefineries, renewable chemistry and sustainability are also considered, given their relevance in this context. Furthermore, the book reviews green chemistry principles and their relation to biomass, while also exploring the main processes for converting biomass into bioproducts. The need to develop renewable feedstock for the chemical industry to replace oil has been identified as a major strategic challenge for the 21st century. In this context, the use of different types of vegetable biomass – starch, lignocellulosic, oleaginous, saccharide and algae – can be seen as a viable alternative to the use of non-renewable, more expensive raw materials. Furthermore, it offers a model for adding economic value to the agro industrial chains such as soybean, sugarcane, corn and forests, among others. This will in turn contribute to the sustainability of a wide range of chemicals, mainly organics and their transformation processes, which are widely used by modern society.

Biomass Fractionation Technologies for a Lignocellulosic Feedstock Based Biorefinery

Biomass Fractionation Technologies for a Lignocellulosic Feedstock Based Biorefinery
Author: S.I. Mussatto
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 674
Release: 2016-02-18
ISBN: 0128025611
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biomass Fractionation Technologies for a Lignocellulosic Feedstock Based Biorefinery Book Excerpt:

Biomass Fractionation Technologies for a Lignocellulosic Feedstock-based Biorefinery reviews the extensive research and tremendous scientific and technological developments that have occurred in the area of biorefinering, including industrial processes and product development using ‘green technologies’, often referred as white biotechnology. As there is a huge need for new design concepts for modern biorefineries as an alternative and amendment to industrial crude oil and gas refineries, this book presents the most important topics related to biomass fractionation, including advances, challenges, and perspectives, all with references to current literature for further study. Presented in 26 chapters by international field specialists, each chapter consists of review text that comprises the most recent advances, challenges, and perspectives for each fractionation technique. The book is an indispensable reference for all professionals, students, and workers involved in biomass biorefinery, assisting them in establishing efficient and economically viable process technologies for biomass fractionation. Provides information on the most advanced and innovative pretreatment processes and technologies for biomass Reviews numerous valuable products from lignocellulose Discusses integration of processes for complete biomass conversion with minimum waste generation Identifies the research gaps in scale-up Presents an indispensable reference for all professionals, students, and workers involved in biomass biorefinery, assisting them in establishing efficient and economically viable process technologies for biomass fractionation

Advances in Refining Catalysis

Advances in Refining Catalysis
Author: Deniz Uner
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 410
Release: 2017-03-16
ISBN: 1315353083
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Refining Catalysis Book Excerpt:

To meet changing market demands that have stringent emission standards and to ensure proper performance in refinery units, evaluation of novel catalyst designs and results from material characterization and testing of catalysts are of crucial importance for refiners as well as for catalyst manufacturers. This book highlights recent developments in the application of refinery catalysts in selected units such as fluid catalytic cracking (FCC), hydrogen production for hydroprocessing units, hydrotreating, hydrocracking, and sustainable processing of biomass into biofuels.

Biomass Biofuels Biochemicals

Biomass  Biofuels  Biochemicals
Author: Thallada Bhaskar,Ashok Pandey
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 360
Release: 2021-01-22
ISBN: 0128202963
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biomass Biofuels Biochemicals Book Excerpt:

Biomass, Biofuels, Biochemicals: Lignin Biorefinery discusses the scientific and technical information relating to the structure and physico-chemical characteristics of lignin. The book covers the different processes (biological, thermal and catalytic routes) available for lignin conversion into specialty chemicals or fuels, activity relationships, and how optimized process parameters help establish the feasible size of the commercial plant in a centralized or decentralized model. In addition, the advantages and limitations of different technologies are discussed, considering local energy, chemicals, biopolymers, drug intermediates, activated carbons, and much more. Includes information on the most advanced and innovative processes for lignin conversion Covers information on biochemical and thermo-chemical processes for lignin valorization Provides information on lignin chemistry and its conversion into high value chemicals and fuels Presents a book designed as a text book, not merely a collection of research articles

Metabolic Regulation and Metabolic Engineering for Biofuel and Biochemical Production

Metabolic Regulation and Metabolic Engineering for Biofuel and Biochemical Production
Author: Kazuyuki Shimizu
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 325
Release: 2017-07-12
ISBN: 1498768385
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Metabolic Regulation and Metabolic Engineering for Biofuel and Biochemical Production Book Excerpt:

The global warming problem is becoming critical year by year, causing climate disaster all over the world, where it has been believed that the CO2 gas emitted from the factories and the burning of fossil fuels may be one of the reasons of global warming. Moreover, the global stock of fossil fuels is limited, and may run out soon within several tens of years. Although wind, geo-thermal, and tide energies have been considered as clean energy sources, those depend on the land or sea locations and subject to the climate change. Biofuel and biochemical production from renewable bio-resources has thus been paid recent attention from environmental protection and energy production points of view, where the current chemical and energy producing plants can be also utilized with slight modification. The so-called 1st generation biofuels have been produced from corn starch and sugarcane in particular in USA and Brazil. However, this causes the problem of the so-called "food and energy issues" as the production scale increases. The 2nd generation biofuel production from lingo-cellulosic biomass or wastes has thus been paid recent attention. However, it requires energy intensive pretreatment for the degradation of lingo-cellulosic biomass, and the fermentation is slow due to low growth rate, and thus the productivity of biofuels and bio-chemicals is low. The 3rd generation biofuel production from photosynthetic organisms such as cyanobacteria and algae has been also paid attention, because such organisms can grow with only sun light and CO2 in the air, but the cell growth rate and thus the productivity of the fuels is significantly low. The main part or core of such production processes is the fermentation by micro-organisms. In particular, it is critical to properly understand the cell metabolism followed by the efficient metabolic engineering. The book gives comprehensive explanation of the cell metabolism and the metabolic regulation mechanisms of a variety of micro-organisms. Then the efficient metabolic engineering approaches are explained to properly design the microbial cell factories for the efficient cell growth and biofuel and biochemical production.

Selective Catalysis for Renewable Feedstocks and Chemicals

Selective Catalysis for Renewable Feedstocks and Chemicals
Author: Kenneth M. Nicholas
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 261
Release: 2014-09-13
ISBN: 3319086545
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Selective Catalysis for Renewable Feedstocks and Chemicals Book Excerpt:

The series Topics in Current Chemistry presents critical reviews of the present and future trends in modern chemical research. The scope of coverage is all areas of chemical science including the interfaces with related disciplines such as biology, medicine and materials science. The goal of each thematic volume is to give the non-specialist reader, whether in academia or industry, a comprehensive insight into an area where new research is emerging which is of interest to a larger scientific audience. Each review within the volume critically surveys one aspect of that topic and places it within the context of the volume as a whole. The most significant developments of the last 5 to 10 years are presented using selected examples to illustrate the principles discussed. The coverage is not intended to be an exhaustive summary of the field or include large quantities of data, but should rather be conceptual, concentrating on the methodological thinking that will allow the non-specialist reader to understand the information presented. Contributions also offer an outlook on potential future developments in the field.

Advances in Food Bioproducts and Bioprocessing Technologies

Advances in Food Bioproducts and Bioprocessing Technologies
Author: Monica Lizeth Chavez-Gonzalez,Nagamani Balagurusamy,Christobal N. Aguilar
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 570
Release: 2019-10-16
ISBN: 1000682579
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Food Bioproducts and Bioprocessing Technologies Book Excerpt:

The book explores and exploits the synergy and boundary between biotechnology, bioprocessing and food engineering. Divided into three parts, Advances in Food Bioproducts and Bioprocessing Technologies includes contributions that deal with new developments in procedures, bioproducts, and bioprocesses that can be given quantitative expression. Its 40 chapters will describe how research results can be used in engineering design, include procedures to produce food additives and ingredients, and discuss accounts of experimental or theoretical research and recent advances in food bioproducts and bioprocessing technologies.