The Ethics of Protocells

The Ethics of Protocells
Author: Gaymon Bennett
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 381
Release: 2009
ISBN: 0262012626
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Ethics of Protocells Book Excerpt:

Introduction to the prospects of protocells / Mark Bedau and Emily Parke -- New technologies, public perceptions, and ethics / Brian Johnson -- Social and ethical implications of artificial cells / Mark Bedau and Mark Triant -- The acceptability of the risks of protocells / Carl Cranor -- The precautionary principle and its critics / Emily Parke and Mark Bedau -- A new virtue-based understanding of the precautionary principle / Per Sandin -- Ethical dialogue about science in the context of a culture of precaution / Bill Durodia -- The creation of life in cultural context : from spontaneous generation to synthetic biology / Joachim Schummer -- Second life : some ethical issues in synthetic biology and the recapitulation of evolution / Laurie Zoloth -- Protocell patents : property between modularity and emergence / Alain Pottage -- Protocells, precaution, and open-source biology / Andrew Hessel -- The ambivalence of protocells : challenges for self-reflexive ethics / Brigitte Hantsche -- Open evolution and human agency : the pragmatics of upstream ethics in the design of artificial life / George Khushf -- Human practices : interfacing three modes of collaboration / Paul Rabinow and Gaymon Bennett -- This is not a hammer : on ethics and technology / Mickey Gjerris -- Toward a critical evaluation of protocell research / Christine Hauskeller -- Methodological considerations about the ethical and social implications of protocells / Giovanni Boniolo

Modelling Protocells

Modelling Protocells
Author: Roberto Serra,Marco Villani
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 182
Release: 2017-07-24
ISBN: 9402411607
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Modelling Protocells Book Excerpt:

The monograph discusses models of synthetic protocells, which are cell-like structures obtained from non-living matter endowed with some rudimentary kind of metabolism and genetics, but much simpler than biological cells. They should grow and proliferate, generating offsprings that resemble in some way the parent protocells with some variation, so that selection may take place. Sustainable protocell populations have not yet been obtained experimentally and mathematical models are therefore extremely important to address key questions concerning their synthesis and behavior. Different protocell “architectures” have been proposed and high-level abstract models like those that are presented in this book are particularly relevant to gain a better understanding of the different properites. These models are able to treat all the major dynamical phenomena in a unified framework, so they can be seen as “virtual laboratories” for protocell research. Particular attention is paid to the problem of synchronization of the fission rate of the whole protocell and the duplication rate of its "protogenetic" material, which is shown to be an emergent property that spontaneously develops in successive generations. The book is of interest for a broad range of scientists working in soft matter physics, chemistry and biology, interested in the role protocells may play on the development of new technologies with medical, environmental and industrial applications as well as scientists interested in the origin of life.

Protocell Architecture

Protocell Architecture
Author: Neil Spiller,Rachel Armstrong
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 147
Release: 2011-04-18
ISBN: 0470748281
Category: Architecture
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Protocell Architecture Book Excerpt:

Throughout the ages architects have attempted to capture the essence of living systems as design inspiration. However, practitioners of the built environment have had to deal with a fundamental split between the artificial urban landscape and nature owing to a technological 'gap' that means architects have been unable to make effective use of biological systems in urban environments. Protocell Architecture is an edition of AD that shows for the first time that contemporary architects can create and construct architectures that are bottom up, synthetically biological, green and have no recourse to shallow bio-mimicry. In the next few decades, synthetic biology is set to have as much, if not more, impact on architecture as cyberspace and the digital. The key to these amazing architectural innovations is the Protocell.

First Steps in the Origin of Life in the Universe

First Steps in the Origin of Life in the Universe
Author: Julian Chela-Flores,Tobias Owen,François Raulin
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 428
Release: 2011-06-28
ISBN: 940101017X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

First Steps in the Origin of Life in the Universe Book Excerpt:

Proceedings of the Sixth Trieste Conference on Chemical Evolution, Trieste, Italy, 18-22 September 2000

Chemical Evolution Structure and Model of the First Cell

Chemical Evolution  Structure and Model of the First Cell
Author: Cyril Ponnamperuma,Julian Chela-Flores
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 405
Release: 1995-07-31
ISBN: 0792335627
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chemical Evolution Structure and Model of the First Cell Book Excerpt:

This interdisciplinary book consists of the proceedings of the Alexander Ivanovich Oparin lOOth Anniversary Conference, The Third Trieste Conference on Chemical Evolution, which took place at the International Centre for Theoretical Physics from 29 August till 2 September, 1994. A general overview of Oparin's life and work is followed by a review of Alfonso Herera, another pioneer in the studies of the origin of life. The subject matter is organized in ten sections corresponding to various aspects of our current understanding of the subject that was initiated by Oparin. These subjects were covered by fifty three speakers. There were sixty seven participants from a wide geographical distribution; twenty seven countries were represented. We have included the invited lecture of Professor Igor Kulaev, who was unable to be present at the conference for reasons beyond his control. The conference was generously supported by the International Centre for Theoretical Physics, the Commission of the European Communities, the International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, the International Centre for Science and High Technology, and UNESCO. Cyril Ponnamperuma, University of Maryland, U.S.A. Julian Chela-Flores, ICTP, Italy, and IDEA, Venezuela. xi FOREWORD As this volume was going to press we learnt of the untimely death of Cyril Ponnamperuma who died of cardiac arrest on December 20, 1994.

Chemical Evolution Physics of the Origin and Evolution of Life

Chemical Evolution  Physics of the Origin and Evolution of Life
Author: Julian Chela-Flores,François Raulin
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 414
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 9400917120
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chemical Evolution Physics of the Origin and Evolution of Life Book Excerpt:

Leading researchers in the area of the origin and evolution of life in the universe contributed to Chemical Evolution: Physics of the Origin and Evolution of Life. This volume provides a review of this interdisciplinary field. In 35 chapters many aspects of the origin of life are discussed by 90 authors, with particular emphasis on the early paleontological record: physical, chemical, biological, and informational aspects of life's origin, instrumentation in exobiology and system exploration; the search for habitable planets and extraterrestrial intelligent radio signals. This book contains the proceedings of the Fourth Trieste Conference on Chemical Evolution that took place in September 1995, in which scientists from a wide geographical distribution joined in a Memorial to Cyril Ponnamperuma, who was a pioneer in the field of chemical evolution, the origin of life, and exobiology, and also initiated the Trieste Conferences on Chemical Evolution and the Origin of Life. This fourth Conference was therefore dedicated to his memory. Audience: Graduate students and researchers in the many areas of basic, earth, and life sciences that contribute to the study of chemical evolution and the origin of life.

Prebiotic Chemistry and Life s Origin

Prebiotic Chemistry and Life s Origin
Author: Michele Fiore
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 462
Release: 2022-06-29
ISBN: 1839164808
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Prebiotic Chemistry and Life s Origin Book Excerpt:

How life originated from the inanimate mixture of organic and inorganic compounds on the priomordial earth remains one of the great unknowns in science. This origin of life, or abiogenesis, continues to be examined in the context of the conditions and materials required for natural life to have begun on Earth both theoretically and experimentally. This book provides a broad but in-depth analysis of the latest discoveries in prebiotic chemsitry from the microscopic to the macroscopic scale; utilising experimental insight to provide a bottom up approach to plausibly explaining how life arose. With contributions from global leaders, this book is an ideal reference for postgraduate students and a single source of comprehensive information on the latest technical and theoretical advancements for researchers in a variety of fields from astrochemistry and astrophysics to organic chemistry and evolution.

Know Thy Self

Know Thy Self
Author: Dr. Ahmed Sayeed
Publsiher: Nitya Publications
Total Pages: 334
Release: 2021-01-01
ISBN: 939069969X
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Know Thy Self Book Excerpt:

Universe, the whole cosmic system of matter and energy of which Earth, and therefore the human race, is a part. Humanity has traveled a long road since societies imagined Earth, the Sun, and the Moon as the main objects of creation, with the rest of the universe being formed almost as an afterthought.

Exobiology Matter Energy and Information in the Origin and Evolution of Life in the Universe

Exobiology  Matter  Energy  and Information in the Origin and Evolution of Life in the Universe
Author: Julian Chela-Flores,François Raulin
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 386
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 9401150567
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Exobiology Matter Energy and Information in the Origin and Evolution of Life in the Universe Book Excerpt:

Leading researchers in the area of the origin, evolution and distribution of life in the universe contributed to Exobiology: Matter, Energy, and Information in the Origin and Evolution of Life in the Universe. This volume provides a review of this interdisciplinary field. In 50 chapters many aspects that contribute to exobiology are reviewed by 90 authors. These include: historical perspective of biological evolution; cultural aspects of exobiology, cosmic, chemical and biological evolution, molecular biology, geochronology, biogeochemistry, biogeology, and planetology. Some of the current missions are discussed. Other subjects in the frontier of exobiology are reviewed, such as the search for planets outside the solar system, and the possible manifestation of intelligence in those new potential environments. The SETI research effort is well represented in this general overview of exobiology. This book is the proceedings of the Fifth Trieste Conference on Chemical Evolution that took place in September 1997. The volume is dedicated to the memory of Nobel Laureate Abdus Salam who suggested the initiation of the Trieste conferences on chemical evolution and the origin of life. Audience: Graduate students and researchers in the many areas of basic, earth, and life sciences that contribute to the study of chemical evolution and the origin, evolution and distribution of life in the universe.

Toward a Living Architecture

Toward a Living Architecture
Author: Christina Cogdell
Publsiher: U of Minnesota Press
Total Pages: 296
Release: 2019-01-01
ISBN: 1452958076
Category: Architecture
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Toward a Living Architecture Book Excerpt:

A bold and unprecedented look at a cutting-edge movement in architecture Toward a Living Architecture? is the first book-length critique of the emerging field of generative architecture and its nexus with computation, biology, and complexity. Starting from the assertion that we should take generative architects’ rhetoric of biology and sustainability seriously, Christina Cogdell examines their claims from the standpoints of the sciences they draw on—complex systems theory, evolutionary theory, genetics and epigenetics, and synthetic biology. She reveals significant disconnects while also pointing to approaches and projects with significant potential for further development. Arguing that architectural design today often only masquerades as sustainable, Cogdell demonstrates how the language of some cutting-edge practitioners and educators can mislead students and clients into thinking they are getting something biological when they are not. In a narrative that moves from the computational toward the biological and from current practice to visionary futures, Cogdell uses life-cycle analysis as a baseline for parsing the material, energetic, and pollution differences between different digital and biological design and construction approaches. Contrary to green-tech sustainability advocates, she questions whether quartzite-based silicon technologies and their reliance on rare earth metals as currently designed are sustainable for much longer, challenging common projections of a computationally designed and manufactured future. Moreover, in critiquing contemporary architecture and science from a historical vantage point, she reveals the similarities between eugenic design of the 1930s and the aims of some generative architects and engineering synthetic biologists today. Each chapter addresses a current architectural school or program while also exploring a distinct aspect of the corresponding scientific language, theory, or practice. No other book critiques generative architecture by evaluating its scientific rhetoric and disjunction from actual scientific theory and practice. Based on the author’s years of field research in architecture studios and biological labs, this rare, field-building book does no less than definitively, unsparingly explain the role of the natural sciences within contemporary architecture.

Biology Concepts and Applications

Biology  Concepts and Applications
Author: Cecie Starr,Christine Evers,Lisa Starr
Publsiher: Cengage Learning
Total Pages: 880
Release: 2016-12-05
ISBN: 1337514365
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biology Concepts and Applications Book Excerpt:

Authors Cecie Starr, Christine A. Evers, and Lisa Starr partnered with the National Geographic Society to develop this edition of BIOLOGY: CONCEPTS AND APPLICATIONS. Renowned for its clear writing style and unparalleled visuals, this trendsetting book applies exclusive National Geographic content to engage students and emphasize that biology is an ongoing endeavor carried out by a diverse community of scientists. Each chapter explores core concepts aligned with the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) initiative “Vision and Change in Undergraduate Biology Education” to help students master associated learning objectives. By continuously challenging students to question what they read and to apply the concepts they learn, the text allows our citizens and future policy-makers to hone critical thinking skills as they gain scientific literacy. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Advances in Artificial Life

Advances in Artificial Life
Author: Fernando Almeida e Costa
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 1218
Release: 2007-09-04
ISBN: 3540749136
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Artificial Life Book Excerpt:

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 9th European Conference on Artificial Life, ECAL 2007, held in Lisbon, Portugal. The 125 revised full papers cover morphogenesis and development, robotics and autonomous agents, evolutionary computation and theory, cellular automata, models of biological systems and their applications, ant colony and swarm systems, evolution of communication, simulation of social interactions, self-replication, artificial chemistry.

Smart Nanovesicles for Drug Targeting and Delivery

Smart Nanovesicles for Drug Targeting and Delivery
Author: Maria Carafa,Carlotta Marianecci
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 198
Release: 2019-05-20
ISBN: 3038978949
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Smart Nanovesicles for Drug Targeting and Delivery Book Excerpt:

We can use the short text on the SI page for the description, or you make slight modifications on it. The description/summary is only for promotion (flyer, distribution channels), and will not be included in the book You can use the short text on the SI page for the description Nanovesicles are highly-promising systems for the delivery and/or targeting of drugs, biomolecules and contrast agents. Despite the fact that initial studies in this area were performed on phospholipid vesicles, there is an ever-increasing interest in the use of other molecules to obtain smart vesicular carriers focusing on strategies for targeted delivery. These systems can be obtained using newly synthesized smart molecules, or by intelligent design of opportune carriers to achieve specific delivery to the site of action. The drug/contrast agent-containing vesicles need to be directed to precise locations within the body to obtain desired magnitude and duration of the therapeutic or diagnostic effect. This spatial control in the delivery might open new avenues to modulate drug activity while avoiding side-effects and to optimize contrast agent properties while avoiding a broad distribution in the organism. However, delivering and targeting active substances into specific tissues and cells is still a challenge in designing novel therapeutic approaches against untreatable disorders, such as tumors and degenerative diseases.

Inter identities in Life Mind and Society

Inter identities  in Life  Mind  and Society
Author: Arantza Etxeberria,Kepa Ruiz-Mirazo,Luisa Damiano
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 228
Release: 2021-08-18
ISBN: 2889711927
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Inter identities in Life Mind and Society Book Excerpt:

The Patentability of Synthetic Biology Inventions

The Patentability of Synthetic Biology Inventions
Author: Ilaria de Lisa
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 323
Release: 2020-09-29
ISBN: 3030512061
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Patentability of Synthetic Biology Inventions Book Excerpt:

This book addresses Synthetic Biology (SynBio), a new and promising biotechnology that has attracted much interest from both a scientific and a policy perspective. Yet, questions concerning the patentability of SynBio inventions have not been examined in detail so far; as a result, it remains unclear whether these inventions are patentable on the basis of current norms and case law. The book addresses this question, focusing especially on the subject matter’s eligibility and moral criteria. It provides an overview of the legislation and decisions applicable to SynBio patents and examines this new technology in view of the ongoing debate over the patentability of biotechnologies in general. The legal analysis is complemented by the practical examination of several patent applications submitted to the European and US patent offices (EPO and USPTO), and by an assessment of the patent issues that are likely to be raised by future SynBio developments.

Synthetic Biology

Synthetic Biology
Author: Markus Schmidt
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 266
Release: 2012-05-14
ISBN: 3527659277
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Synthetic Biology Book Excerpt:

This is the only book to focus on industrial and environmental applications of synthetic biology, covering 17 of the most promising uses in the areas of biofuel, bioremediation and biomaterials. The contributions are written by experts from academia, non-profit organizations and industry, outlining not only the scientific basics but also the economic, environmental and ethical impact of the new technologies. This makes it not only suitable as supplementary material for students but also the perfect companion for policy makers and funding agencies, if they are to make informed decisions about synthetic biology. Largely coordinated by Markus Schmidt, a policy adviser, and the only European to testify in front of the bioethics commission of the Obama administration.

Droplets of Life

Droplets of Life
Author: Vladimir N. Uversky
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 730
Release: 2022-11-11
ISBN: 0128241756
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Droplets of Life Book Excerpt:

Droplets of Life: Membrane-Less Organelles, Biomolecular Condensates, and Biological Liquid–Liquid Phase Separation provides foundational information on the biophysics, biogenesis, structure, functions, and roles of membrane-less organelles. The study of liquid–liquid phase separation has attracted a lot of attention from disciplines such as cell biology, biophysics, biochemistry, and others trying to understand how, why, and what roles these condensates play in homeostasis and disease states in living organisms. This book's editor recruited a group of international experts to provide a current and authoritative overview of all aspects associated with this exciting area. Sections introduce membrane-less organelles (MLOs) and biomolecular condensates; MLOs in different sizes, shapes, and composition; and the formation of MLOs due to phase separation and how it can tune reactions, organize the intracellular environment, and provide a role in cellular fitness. . Presents the first book to establish the foundations of this exciting research area Combines biophysics, structural and cell biology, and biochemistry perspectives into a single volume Edited and authored by world-leading scientists Covers basic physical and biological principles and health and disease implications

BIOMAT 2007

BIOMAT 2007
Author: Rubem Mondaini
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 406
Release: 2008
ISBN: 9812812334
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

BIOMAT 2007 Book Excerpt:

The present volume contains the contributions of the keynote speakers of the BIOMAT 2007 Symposium as well as selected contributed papers in the areas of mathematical biology, biological physics, biophysics and bioinformatics. It contains new results on some aspects of LotkaOCoVolterra equations, the proposal of using differential geometry to model neurosurgical tools, recent data on epidemiological modeling, pattern recognition and comprehensive reviews on the structure of proteins, the folding problem and the influence of Allee effects on population dynamics.This book contains some original results on the growth of gliomas: the role played by membrane channels on activity-dependent modulation of spike transmission; a proposal for reconsidering the concept of gene and the understanding of the mechanisms responsible for gene expression; a differential geometric approach to the influence of the drying effect on the dynamics of pods of Leguminosae; the comparison of agent-based models with the approach of differential equations on the study of selection mechanisms in germinal centers; and the synchronization phenomenon for protocell systems driven by linear kinetic equations.

Artificial Life and Evolutionary Computation

Artificial Life and Evolutionary Computation
Author: Marcello Pelillo,Irene Poli,Andrea Roli,Roberto Serra,Debora Slanzi,Marco Villani
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 323
Release: 2018-04-02
ISBN: 331978658X
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Artificial Life and Evolutionary Computation Book Excerpt:

This book constitutes the revised selected papers of the 12th Italian Workshop on Advances in Artificial Life, Evolutionary Computation, WIVACE 2017, held in Venice, Italy, in September 2017.The 23 full papers presented were thoroughly reviewed and selected from 33 submissions. They cover the following topics: physical-chemical phenomena; biological systems; economy and society; complexity; optimization.

Advances in Artificial Life and Evolutionary Computation

Advances in Artificial Life and Evolutionary Computation
Author: Clara Pizzuti,Giandomenico Spezzano
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 213
Release: 2014-11-03
ISBN: 3319127454
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Artificial Life and Evolutionary Computation Book Excerpt:

This book constitutes the revised selected papers of the 9th Italian Workshop on Advances in Artificial Life and Evolutionary Computation held in Vietri sul Mare, Italy, in May 2014, in conjunction with the 24th Italian Workshop on Neural Networks, WIRN 2014. The 16 papers presented have been thoroughly reviewed and selected from 40 submissions. They cover the following topics: artificial neural networks; fuzzy inference systems; rough set; approximate reasoning; and optimization methods such as evolutionary computation, swarm intelligence, particle swarm optimization.