Description : This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 7th International Provenance and Annotation Workshop, IPAW 2018, held in London, UK, in July 2018. The 12 revised full papers, 19 poster papers, and 2 demonstration papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 50 submissions. The papers feature a variety of provenance-related topics ranging from the capture and inference of provenance to its use and application.They are organized in topical sections on reproducibility; modeling, simulating and capturing provenance; PROV extensions; scientific workflows; applications; and system demonstrations.
Description : This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the Second International Provenance and Annotation Workshop, IPAW 2008, held in Salt Lake City, UT, USA, in June 2007. The 14 revised full papers and 15 revised short and demo papers presented together with 2 keynote lectures were carefully reviewed and selected from 40 submissions. The paper are organized in topical sections on provenance: models and querying; provenance: visualization, failures, identity; provenance and workflows; provenance for streams and collaboration; and applications.
Description : The 7 revised full papers, 11 revised medium-length papers, 6 revised short, and 7 demo papers presented together with 10 poster/abstract papers describing late-breaking work were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions. Provenance has been recognized to be important in a wide range of areas including databases, workflows, knowledge representation and reasoning, and digital libraries. Thus, many disciplines have proposed a wide range of provenance models, techniques, and infrastructure for encoding and using provenance. The papers investigate many facets of data provenance, process documentation, data derivation, and data annotation.
Description : Provenance is a well understood concept in the study of ?ne art, where it refers to the documented history of an art object. Given that documented history, the objectattains anauthority that allows scholarsto understandand appreciateits importance and context relative to other works. In the absence of such history, art objects may be treated with some skepticism by those who study and view them. Over the last few years, a number of teams have been applying this concept of provenance to data and information generated within computer systems. If the provenance of data produced by computer systems can be determined as it can for some works of art, then users will be able to understand (for example) how documents were assembled, how simulation results were determined, and how ?nancial analyses were carried out. A key driver for this research has been e-Science. Reproducibility of results and documentation of method have always been important concerns in science, and today scientists of many ?elds (such as bioinformatics, medical research, chemistry, and physics) see provenanceas a mechanism that can help repeat s- enti?cexperiments, verifyresults, andreproducedataproducts.Likewise, pro- nance o?ers opportunities for the business world, since it allows for the analysis of processes that led to results, for instance to check they are well-behaved or satisfy constraints; hence, provenance o?ers the means to check compliance of processes, on the basis of their actual execution. Indeed, increasing regulation of many industries (for example, ?nancial services) means that provenance reco- ing is becoming a legal requirem
Description : This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 6th International Provenance and Annotation Workshop, IPAW 2016, held in McLean, VA, USA, in June 2016. The 12 revised full papers, 14 poster papers, and 2 demonstration papers presentedwere carefully reviewed and selected from 54 submissions. The papers feature state-of-the-art research and practice around the automatic capture, representation, and use of provenance. They are organized in topical sections on provenance capture, provenance analysis and visualization, and provenance models and applications.
Description : This book constitutes the revised selected papers of the 5th International Provenance and Annotation Workshop, IPAW 2014, held in Cologne, Germany in June 2014. The 14 long papers, 20 short papers and 4 extended abstracts presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 53 submissions. The papers include tools that enable provenance capture from software compilers, from web publications and from scripts, using existing audit logs and employing both static and dynamic instrumentation.
Description : This book constitutes the revised selected papers of the 4th International Provenance and Annotation Workshop, IPAW 2012, held in Santa Barbara, CA, USA, in June 2012. The 14 full papers, 4 demo papers and 12 poster papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 49 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on documents databases; the Web; reconstruction; science applications; and demonstrations.
Description : Social media shatters the barrier to communicate anytime anywhere for people of all walks of life. The publicly available, virtually free information in social media poses a new challenge to consumers who have to discern whether a piece of information published in social media is reliable. For example, it can be difficult to understand the motivations behind a statement passed from one user to another, without knowing the person who originated the message. Additionally, false information can be propagated through social media, resulting in embarrassment or irreversible damages. Provenance data associated with a social media statement can help dispel rumors, clarify opinions, and confirm facts. However, provenance data about social media statements is not readily available to users today. Currently, providing this data to users requires changing the social media infrastructure or offering subscription services. Taking advantage of social media features, research in this nascent field spearheads the search for a way to provide provenance data to social media users, thus leveraging social media itself by mining it for the provenance data. Searching for provenance data reveals an interesting problem space requiring the development and application of new metrics in order to provide meaningful provenance data to social media users. This lecture reviews the current research on information provenance, explores exciting research opportunities to address pressing needs, and shows how data mining can enable a social media user to make informed judgements about statements published in social media. Table of Contents: Information Provenance in Social Media / Provenance Attributes / Provenance via Network Information / Provenance Data
Description : Reviews research over the past ten years on why, how, and where provenance, clarifies the relationships among these notions of provenance, and describes some of their applications in confidence computation, view maintenance and update, debugging, and annotation propagation
Description : The World Wide Web is now deeply intertwined with our lives, and has become a catalyst for a data deluge, making vast amounts of data available online, at a click of a button. With Web 2.0, users are no longer passive consumers, but active publishers and curators of data. Hence, from science to food manufacturing, from data journalism to personal well-being, from social media to art, there is a strong interest in provenance, a description of what influenced an artifact, a data set, a document, a blog, or any resource on the Web and beyond. Provenance is a crucial piece of information that can help a consumer make a judgment as to whether something can be trusted. Provenance is no longer seen as a curiosity in art circles, but it is regarded as pragmatically, ethically, and methodologically crucial for our day-to-day data manipulation and curation activities on the Web. Following the recent publication of the PROV standard for provenance on the Web, which the two authors actively help shape in the Provenance Working Group at the World Wide Web Consortium, this Synthesis lecture is a hands-on introduction to PROV aimed at Web and linked data professionals. By means of recipes, illustrations, a website at www.provbook.org, and tools, it guides practitioners through a variety of issues related to provenance: how to generate provenance, publish it on the Web, make it discoverable, and how to utilize it. Equipped with this knowledge, practictioners will be in a position to develop novel applications that can bring open-ness, trust, and accountability. Table of Contents: Preface / Acknowledgments / Introduction / A Data Journalism Scenario / The PROV Ontology / Provenance Recipes / Validation, Compliance, Quality, Replay / Provenance Management / Conclusion / Bibliography / Authors' Biographies / Index