Essentials of Psychological Testing

Essentials of Psychological Testing
Author: Susana Urbina
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2014-08-04
ISBN: 1118680480
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Essentials of Psychological Testing Book Excerpt:

An easy-to-understand overview of the key concepts of psychological testing Fully updated and revised, the second edition of Essentials of Psychological Testing surveys the basic principles of psychometrics, succinctly presents the information needed to understand and evaluate tests, and introduces readers to the major contemporary reference works in the field. This engaging, practical overview of the most relevant psychometric concepts and techniques provides the foundation necessary for advanced study in the field of psychological assessment. Each clear, well-organized chapter includes new examples and references, featuring callout boxes highlighting key concepts, bulleted points, and extensive illustrative material, as well as “Test Yourself” questions that help gauge and reinforce readers’ grasp of the information covered. The author’s extensive experience and deep understanding of the concepts presented are evident throughout the book, particularly when readers are reminded that tests are tools and that, like all tools, they have limitations. Starting with a basic introduction to psychological tests, their historical development, and their uses, the book also covers the statistical procedures most frequently used in testing, the frames of reference for score interpretation, reliability, validity and test item considerations, as well as the latest guidelines for test selection, administration, scoring and reporting test results. Whether as an orientation for those new to the field, a refresher for those already acquainted with it, or as reference for seasoned clinicians, this book is an invaluable resource. SUSANA URBINA, PHD, is Professor Emeritus of Psychology at the University of North Florida, where she taught courses in psychological testing and assessment. A Diplomate of the American Board of Assessment Psychology and a licensed psychologist, Dr. Urbina practiced in the field of psychological assessment for over a decade. She coauthored the seventh edition of Psychological Testing with Anne Anastasi and has published numerous articles and reviews in the area of psychological testing.

Comprehensive Handbook of Psychological Assessment Volume 2

Comprehensive Handbook of Psychological Assessment  Volume 2
Author: Mark J. Hilsenroth,Daniel L. Segal
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 688
Release: 2003-09-16
ISBN: 0471416126
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Comprehensive Handbook of Psychological Assessment Volume 2 Book Excerpt:

Comprehensive Handbook of Psychological Assessment, Volume 2 presents the most up-to-date coverage on personality assessment from leading experts. Contains contributions from leading researchers in this area. Provides the most comprehensive, up-to-date information on personality assessment. Presents conceptual information about the tests.

Psychological Testing

Psychological Testing
Author: George Domino,Marla L. Domino
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2006-04-24
ISBN: 1139455141
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Psychological Testing Book Excerpt:

This book is an introductory text to the field of psychological testing primarily suitable for undergraduate students in psychology, education, business, and related fields. This book will also be of interest to graduate students who have not had a prior exposure to psychological testing and to professionals such as lawyers who need to consult a useful source. Psychological Testing is clearly written, well-organized, comprehensive, and replete with illustrative materials. In addition to the basic topics, the text covers in detail topics that are often neglected by other texts such as cross-cultural testing, the issue of faking tests, the impact of computers and the use of tests to assess positive behaviors such as creativity.

Psychological Assessment with the MMPI 2 MMPI 2 RF

Psychological Assessment with the MMPI 2   MMPI 2 RF
Author: Alan F. Friedman,P. Kevin Bolinskey,Richard W. Levak,David S. Nichols
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 700
Release: 2014-08-21
ISBN: 1136315918
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Psychological Assessment with the MMPI 2 MMPI 2 RF Book Excerpt:

This third edition apprises users of the MMPI-2/MMPI-2-Restructured Form (RF) for the ever-changing landscape of this dynamic personality/psychopathology instrument and its expanding utility in a variety of contexts. Two new chapters addressing the RC scales and the MMPI-2-RF are included in this updated text. Additionally, over 450 new references have been incorporated into the book, with information gathered and organized for practical clinical and forensic applications. The codetype interpretation chapter has expanded its sections with more in-depth feedback information and treatment considerations for clinicians to help in facilitating the formulation of treatment recommendations and strengthening therapeutic relationships with their clients. A number of special scales with clinical and forensic applications are also covered in this edition. An important section has been added addressing the MMPI and suicide. This new edition is a must-have resource that will inform and guide users of the MMPI-2 and MMPI-2-RF in their daily practices, and assist researchers in conceptualizing the operating characteristics and configural relationships among the various scales and indices that comprise this instrument. From simple single scale interpretation to complex configural relationships, this text addresses a broad bandwidth of interpretive information designed for text users’ at all levels of sophistication.

Student Study Guide for Foundations of Psychological Testing

Student Study Guide for Foundations of Psychological Testing
Author: Thomas A. Stetz,Leslie A. Miller,Robert L. Lovler
Publsiher: SAGE Publications
Total Pages: 344
Release: 2015-07-30
ISBN: 1506308074
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Student Study Guide for Foundations of Psychological Testing Book Excerpt:

The Student Study Guide for Foundations of Psychological Testing has 15 chapters corresponding to those in the main text and follows a consistent structure for quick and easy access to key information. To help students understand and apply material related to psychological testing, the guide offers overviews, learning objectives, outlines, key concepts, crossword puzzles, tips by learning objective, additional exercises, additional learning activities, practice questions, and answer keys. Save your students money! Bundle the guide with the main text. Use Bundle ISBN: 978-1-5063-2208-7. The main text, Foundations of Psychological Testing: A Practical Approach, Fifth Edition, offers a clear introduction to the basics of psychological testing as well as to psychometrics and statistics. The practical book includes discussion of foundational concepts and issues, using real-life examples and situations students will easily recognize, relate to, and find interesting. A variety of pedagogical tools further the conceptual understanding needed for effective use of tests and test scores. Now aligned with the 2014 Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing, the Fifth Edition offers new and expanded content throughout.

Psychological Testing and Assessment

Psychological Testing and Assessment
Author: Renée Margaret Tobin,William Joel Schneider,Ronald Jay Cohen
Publsiher: McGraw Hill LLC
Total Pages: 0
Release: 2021-03
ISBN: 9781260837025
Category: Psychological tests
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Psychological Testing and Assessment Book Excerpt:

"Psychological tests and other tools of assessment may differ with respect to a number of variables, such as content, format, administration procedures, scoring and interpretation procedures, and technical quality. The content (subject matter) of the test will, of course, vary with the focus of the particular test. But even two psychological tests purporting to measure the same thing-for example, personality-may differ widely in item content. This is so because two test developers might have entirely different views regarding what is important in measuring "personality"; different test developers employ different definitions of "personality." Additionally, different test developers come to the test development process with different theoretical orientations"--

Foundations of Psychological Testing

Foundations of Psychological Testing
Author: Leslie A. Miller,Robert L. Lovler
Publsiher: SAGE Publications
Total Pages: 592
Release: 2018-12-20
ISBN: 1506396380
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Foundations of Psychological Testing Book Excerpt:

Foundations of Psychological Testing: A Practical Approach by Leslie A. Miller and Robert L. Lovler presents a clear introduction to the basics of psychological testing as well as psychometrics and statistics. Aligned with the 2014 Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing, this practical book includes discussion of foundational concepts and issues using real-life examples and situations that students will easily recognize, relate to, and find interesting. A variety of pedagogical tools furthers the conceptual understanding needed for effective use of tests and test scores. The Sixth Edition includes updated references and examples, new In Greater Depth boxes for deeper coverage of complex topics, and a streamlined organization for enhanced readability. INSTRUCTORS: Bundle Foundations of Psychological Testing with the Student Workbook, featuring critical thinking and practical exercises, for only $5 more! Bundle ISBN: 978-1-5443-6670-8

Student Workbook To Accompany Miller and Lovler s Foundations of Psychological Testing

Student Workbook To Accompany Miller and Lovler   s Foundations of Psychological Testing
Author: Aimee Rhoads,Sara D. Pemble,Leslie A. Miller,Robert L. Lovler
Publsiher: SAGE Publications
Total Pages: 408
Release: 2019-02-20
ISBN: 1544359683
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Student Workbook To Accompany Miller and Lovler s Foundations of Psychological Testing Book Excerpt:

This practical workbook offers a wealth of opportunities for students to apply knowledge learned from the best-selling core text, Foundations of Psychological Testing, Sixth Edition. Exercises and projects allow students to review, engage in, and master concepts, while multiple choice and short answer questions allow students to assess their understanding at the conclusion of each chapter. INSTRUCTORS: Bundle the workbook with Leslie A. Miller and Robert L. Lovler’s core text, Foundations of Psychological Testing, Sixth Edition, for only $5 more! Bundle ISBN: 978-1-5443-6670-8

The Use of Psychological Testing for Treatment Planning and Outcomes Assessment

The Use of Psychological Testing for Treatment Planning and Outcomes Assessment
Author: Mark E. Maruish
Publsiher: Taylor & Francis
Total Pages: 666
Release: 2014-04-08
ISBN: 1135630518
Category: Education
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Use of Psychological Testing for Treatment Planning and Outcomes Assessment Book Excerpt:

Test-based psychological assessment has been significantly affected by the health care revolution in the United States during the past two decades. Despite new limitations on psychological services across the board and psychological testing in particular, it continues to offer a rapid and efficient method of identifying problems, planning and monitoring a course of treatment, and assessing the outcomes of interventions. This thoroughly revised and greatly expanded third edition of a classic reference, now three volumes, constitutes an invaluable resource for practitioners who in a managed care era need to focus their testing not on the general goals of personality assessment, symptom identification, and diagnosis so often presented to them as students and trainees, but on specific questions: What course of treatment should this person receive? How is it going? Was it effective? New chapters describe new tests and models and new concerns such as ethical aspects of outcomes assessment. Volume I reviews general issues and recommendations concerning the use of psychological testing for screening for psychological disturbances, planning and monitoring appropriate interventions, and the assessing outcomes, and offers specific guidelines for selecting instruments. It also considers more specific issues such as the analysis of group and individual patient data, the selection and implementation of outcomes instrumentation, and the ethics of gathering and using outcomes data. Volume II discusses psychological measures developed for use with younger children and adolescents that can be used for the purposes outlined in Volume I; Volume III, those developed for use with adults. Drawing on the knowledge and experience of a diverse group of leading experts--test developers, researchers, clinicians and others, the third edition of The Use of Psychological Testing for Treatment Planning and Outcomes Assessment provides vital assistance to all clinicians, and to their trainees and graduate students.

Psychological Testing in Child Custody Evaluations

Psychological Testing in Child Custody Evaluations
Author: Leslie Drozd,James R. Flens
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 218
Release: 2014-06-03
ISBN: 131782489X
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Psychological Testing in Child Custody Evaluations Book Excerpt:

A focused look at the uses—and misuses—of psychological tests in the context of child custody This book presents an advanced examination of psychological testing and usage in the child custody arena. It addresses test selection issues, provides insightful discussions of how to confront confirmatory biases and avoid the distortion of test findings, and presents clear instructions for the use of specific tests, including MMPI-2 and Rorschach, and a point/counterpoint discussion of the strengths and weaknesses of the Ackerman-Schoendorf Scales for Parent Evaluation of Custody (ASPECT). Psychological Testing in Child Custody Evaluations can be viewed as a work in three parts. The first section addresses theoretical and test usage issues, with chapters focusing on: addressing test selection issues from legal and psychological perspectives bias issues that interfere with the evaluator’s ability to collect and consider data objectively a functional, comprehensive approach to the use of psychological tests in a child custody evaluation—with a conceptual framework for choosing assessment techniques to assess parenting competencies and other variables important in forming opinions about custodial placement and visitation access, and a practical example of how to present psychological test data in an advisory report to the court a look at psychological testing from an attorney’s point of view The second section of Psychological Testing in Child Custody Evaluations focuses on the MMPI-2 and the Rorschach Inkblot Test in the child custody context, investigating hypotheses that can be inferred from the MMPI-2 regarding parenting behaviors, and the use and value of the Rorschach. This section examines: the foundation from which the MMPI-2 can generate expectations regarding five basic issues—the quality of attachment and bonding, potential for antisocial behavior, temper control, alienation of affection, and chemical abuse and dependence the range of variables that will generate useful hypotheses regarding parent-child interactions and family systems the effects of the circumstances of litigation on score elevations—including recommended limits as to how much elevation can be dismissed as only contextual the important differences between occasion validity and attribute validity the clinical application of an objective interpretation system, including the courtroom credibility of explicit convergent validity the use of the Rorschach in child custody evaluations findings from a study using the Rorschach to address specific parenting variables The third section of Psychological Testing in Child Custody Evaluations is a focused point-counterpoint discussion of ASPECT, between test creator Marc J. Ackerman and Mary Connell, President of the American Academy of Forensic Psychology. This book is essential reading for child custody evaluators, family law attorneys, and judges practicing in the family law arena, as well as educators and students in these fields.

Psychological testing

Psychological testing
Author: Bev Lloyd & Mel Reed
Publsiher: Scientific e-Resources
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2018-11-17
ISBN: 1839474157
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Psychological testing Book Excerpt:

Psychological testing developed during the post world war II period. With students in mind, Kline has created features that ease them into more difficult ideas, always stressing the practical use of theoretical concepts. A clear introduction to the basics of psychological testing and their application in everyday educational, clinical and organizational settings. Written in response to a growing need for a reference book on psychological testing conducive to student learning, Psychological Testing provides readers with a clear and accessible introduction to the field. This book gives students an understanding of the basic concepts, issues, and tools used in psychological testing, and also illustrates how these are relevant in day-to-day educational, organizational and clinical environments. This book highlights all these aspects in great detail.

The Handbook of Psychological Testing

The Handbook of Psychological Testing
Author: Paul Kline
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 756
Release: 2000
ISBN: 9780415211581
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Handbook of Psychological Testing Book Excerpt:

This Handbook has become the standard text for both organisational and educational psychologists. It offers the only modern and clear account of psychometrics in its field. For this second edition, the Handbook has been extensively revised

Mastering Modern Psychological Testing

Mastering Modern Psychological Testing
Author: Cecil R. Reynolds,Robert A. Altmann,Daniel N. Allen
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 710
Release: 2021-05-13
ISBN: 3030594556
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mastering Modern Psychological Testing Book Excerpt:

This book provides a comprehensive introduction to psychological assessment and covers areas not typically addressed in existing test and measurements texts, such as neuropsychological assessment and the use of tests in forensics settings. The book introduces the vocabulary of the profession and the most basic mathematics of testing early as being fundamental to understanding the field. Numerous examples are drawn from tests that the authors have written or otherwise helped to develop, reflecting the authors’ deep understanding of these tests and their familiarity with problems encountered in test development, use, and interpretation. Following the introduction of the basic areas of psychometrics, the book moves to areas of testing that represent various approaches to measuring different psychological constructs (memory, language, executive function, etc.), with emphasis on the complex issue of cultural bias in testing. Examples of existing tests are given throughout the book; however, this book is not designed to prepare students to go out and administer, score, and interpret specific psychological tests. Rather, the purpose of this book is to provide the foundational core of knowledge about tests, measurement, and assessment constructs, issues, and quantitative tools. Explains what constitutes a psychological test, how tests are developed, how they are best used, and how to evaluate their strengths and weaknesses; Describes areas of testing that represent different approaches to measuring different psychological constructs; Explains applications of psychological testing to issues in the courts; Addresses how test authors and publishers design and research tests to address the difficult and demanding issues of cultural differences in test performance and interpretation of test results.

Psychological Testing Principles Applications and Issues

Psychological Testing  Principles  Applications  and Issues
Author: Robert M. Kaplan,Dennis P. Saccuzzo
Publsiher: Cengage Learning
Total Pages: 752
Release: 2012-05-01
ISBN: 1285402499
Category: Foreign Language Study
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Psychological Testing Principles Applications and Issues Book Excerpt:

PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTING: PRINCIPLES, APPLICATIONS, AND ISSUES, Eighth Edition explains the fundamentals of psychological testing, their important applications, and the controversies that emerge from those applications in clinical, education, industrial, and legal settings. Robert M. Kaplan and Dennis P. Saccuzzo's engaging and thorough text demonstrates how psychological tests are constructed and used, both in a professional setting and in everyday lives. Part I focuses on the core concepts that affect the evaluation of all tests. Part II discusses the major types of psychological tests, while Part III looks at present-day issues affecting testing such as bias, laws, and ethics. Chapters are independent enough to allow instructors to structure their class to achieve course objectives. A multitude of test profiles and sample items illustrate how psychological testing is used and reported. Real-life case studies demonstrate the uses and misuses of psychological testing, helping to maximize student interest, while Technical Example boxes assist students in grasping complex statistical concepts. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Psychological Testing in Everyday Life

Psychological Testing in Everyday Life
Author: Karen B. Goldfinger
Publsiher: SAGE Publications
Total Pages: 128
Release: 2018-03-09
ISBN: 1544320418
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Psychological Testing in Everyday Life Book Excerpt:

Psychological Testing in Everyday Life explores how psychological testing is used in real-life settings to make the study of psychometrics interesting, relevant, and highly accessible. Author Karen B. Goldfinger examines a broad range of carefully selected topics to capture student interest, encourage critical thinking, and spark class discussions. Organized in the form of an applied casebook, each chapter presents the complex issues that arise when using psychological tests in a variety of settings, providing an in-depth view of psychological testing practices, historically and in the present. This unique text will support students in becoming thoughtful, informed consumers and providers of psychological assessment.

Handbook of Psychological Assessment

Handbook of Psychological Assessment
Author: Gary Groth-Marnat
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 768
Release: 2009-10-20
ISBN: 9780470592137
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Psychological Assessment Book Excerpt:

The most highly acclaimed and complete reference work on psychological assessment-fully updated and expanded Covering principles of assessment, evaluation, referral, treatment planning, and report writing, the latest edition of Gary Groth-Marnat's landmark Handbook of Psychological Assessment has been thoroughly revised and expanded. Written in a practical, skills-based manner, this classic resource offers coverage of the most widely used assessment instruments and has been updated to include new material and cover tests that are growing in popularity, such as brief assessment instruments. Handbook of Psychological Assessment also provides guidance on the most efficient methods for selecting and administering tests, how to interpret assessment data, and how to integrate test scores and develop treatment plans as well as instruction on ways in which to write effective, client-oriented, problem-solving psychological reports. The Fifth Edition provides thorough coverage of the most commonly used assessment instruments including the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Fourth Edition (WAIS-IV), Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Fourth Edition (WISC-IV), Wechsler Memory Scale-Fourth Edition (WMS-IV), Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2), California Psychology Inventory (CPI), Rorschach, Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-III (MCMI-III), Thematic Apperception Test, Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS), brief assessment instruments, clinical interviewing, and behavioral assessment. In addition, this Fifth Edition includes: Updates on the new WAIS-IV, WISC-IV, and WMS-IV An increased emphasis on diversity A focus on screening for neuropsychological impairment, including coverage of the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) Coverage of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form New information on client feedback and consultation An updated chapter on psychological report writing, including new examples of psychological reports Organized according to the sequence mental health professionals follow when conducting an assessment, Handbook of Psychological Assessment, Fifth Edition is a practical, valuable reference for professionals looking to stay current as well as for students looking for the most thorough and trusted resource covering the field of psychological assessment.

Psychometrics and Psychological Assessment

Psychometrics and Psychological Assessment
Author: Carina Coulacoglou,Donald H. Saklofske
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 500
Release: 2017-06-19
ISBN: 0128024909
Category: Education
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Psychometrics and Psychological Assessment Book Excerpt:

Psychometrics and Psychological Assessment: Principles and Applications reports on contemporary perspectives and models on psychological assessment and their corresponding measures. It highlights topics relevant to clinical and neuropsychological domains, including cognitive abilities, adaptive behavior, temperament, and psychopathology.Moreover, the book examines a series of standard as well as novel methods and instruments, along with their psychometric properties, recent meta-analytic studies, and their cross-cultural applications. Discusses psychometric issues and empirical studies that speak to same Explores the family context in relation to children’s behavioral outcomes Features major personality measures as well as their cross cultural variations Identifies the importance of coping and resilience in assessing personality and psychopathology Examines precursors of aggression and violence for prediction and prevention

Handbook of Psychological Assessment

Handbook of Psychological Assessment
Author: G. Goldstein,Michel Hersen
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 612
Release: 2000-02-16
ISBN: 9780080540023
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Psychological Assessment Book Excerpt:

The field of psychological assessment has been undergoing rapid change. The second edition of this Handbook, published in 1990, appeared at the beginning of a decade marked by extensive advances in assessment in essentially all of its specialized areas. There are many new tests, new applications of established tests, and new test systems. Major revisions have appeared of established tests, notably the Wechsler intelligence scales. The time seemed right for a third edition, since even over the relatively brief period of ten years, many tests described in the second edition have been replaced, and are no longer commonly used. Furthermore, much new research in such areas as neuropsychology, cognitive science, and psychopathology have made major impacts on how many tests and other assessment procedures are used and interpreted. This third edition represents an effort to give the reader an overview of the many new developments in assessment, while still maintaining material on basic psychometric concepts in order for it to continue to serve as a comprehensive handbook for the student and professional.

Handbook of Gender and Sexuality in Psychological Assessment

Handbook of Gender and Sexuality in Psychological Assessment
Author: Virginia Brabender,Joni L Mihura
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 731
Release: 2016-02-05
ISBN: 1317669282
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Gender and Sexuality in Psychological Assessment Book Excerpt:

Handbook of Gender and Sexuality in Psychological Assessment brings together two interrelated realms: psychological assessment with gender and sexuality. This handbook aids in expanding the psychological assessors’ knowledge and skill when considering how gender and sexuality shapes the client’s and the assessor’s experiences. Throughout the six sections, gender and sexuality are discussed in their relation to different psychological methods of assessment; various psychological disorders; special considerations for children, adolescents, and older adults; important training and ethical considerations; as well as several in-depth case discussions.

Validity in Educational and Psychological Assessment

Validity in Educational and Psychological Assessment
Author: Paul Newton,Stuart Shaw
Publsiher: SAGE
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2014-04-15
ISBN: 1473904056
Category: Education
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Validity in Educational and Psychological Assessment Book Excerpt:

Lecturers, request your electronic inspection copy to review it for your course. Validity is the hallmark of quality for educational and psychological measurement. But what does quality mean in this context? And to what, exactly, does the concept of validity apply? These apparently innocuous questions parachute the unwary inquirer into a minefield of tricky ideas. This book guides you through this minefield, investigating how the concept of validity has evolved from the nineteenth century to the present day. Communicating complicated concepts straightforwardly, the authors answer questions like: What does 'validity' mean? What does it mean to 'validate'? How many different kinds of validity are there? When does validation begin and end? Is reliability a part of validity, or distinct from it? This book will be of interest to anyone with a professional or academic interest in evaluating the quality of educational or psychological assessments, measurements and diagnoses.