Quantum Materials Devices and Applications

Quantum Materials  Devices  and Applications
Author: Mohamed Henini,Marcelo Oliveira Rodrigues
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 299
Release: 2022-09-01
ISBN: 0128209135
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Quantum Materials Devices and Applications Book Excerpt:

Quantum Materials, Devices, and Applications covers the advances made in quantum technologies, both in research and mass production for applications in electronics, photonics, sensing, biomedical, environmental and agricultural applications. The book includes new materials, new device structures that are commercially available, and many more at the advanced research stage. It reviews the most relevant, current and emerging materials and device structures, organized by key applications and covers existing devices, technologies and future possibilities within a common framework of high-performance quantum devices. This book will be ideal for researchers and practitioners in academia, industry and those in materials science and engineering, electrical engineering and physics disciplines. Comprehensively covers the important and rapidly growing area of quantum technologies by focusing on current and emerging materials, devices and applications Takes an applied approach to the topic by addressing key applications in electronics, optoelectronics, photonics, sensing and the environment Addresses ethical considerations, remaining challenges and future opportunities for quantum materials and devices

Quantum Materials Devices and Applications

Quantum Materials  Devices  and Applications
Author: Mohamed Henini,Marcelo Oliveira Rodrigues
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 298
Release: 2022-08-30
ISBN: 0128205660
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Quantum Materials Devices and Applications Book Excerpt:

Quantum Materials, Devices, and Applications covers the advances made in quantum technologies, both in research and mass production for applications in electronics, photonics, sensing, biomedical, environmental and agricultural applications. The book includes new materials, new device structures that are commercially available, and many more at the advanced research stage. It reviews the most relevant, current and emerging materials and device structures, organized by key applications and covers existing devices, technologies and future possibilities within a common framework of high-performance quantum devices. This book will be ideal for researchers and practitioners in academia, industry and those in materials science and engineering, electrical engineering and physics disciplines. Comprehensively covers the important and rapidly growing area of quantum technologies by focusing on current and emerging materials, devices and applications Takes an applied approach to the topic by addressing key applications in electronics, optoelectronics, photonics, sensing and the environment Addresses ethical considerations, remaining challenges and future opportunities for quantum materials and devices

Nanoelectronic Materials Devices and Modeling

Nanoelectronic Materials  Devices and Modeling
Author: Qiliang Li,Hao Zhu
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 242
Release: 2019-07-15
ISBN: 3039212257
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanoelectronic Materials Devices and Modeling Book Excerpt:

As CMOS scaling is approaching the fundamental physical limits, a wide range of new nanoelectronic materials and devices have been proposed and explored to extend and/or replace the current electronic devices and circuits so as to maintain progress with respect to speed and integration density. The major limitations, including low carrier mobility, degraded subthreshold slope, and heat dissipation, have become more challenging to address as the size of silicon-based metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistors (MOSFETs) has decreased to nanometers, while device integration density has increased. This book aims to present technical approaches that address the need for new nanoelectronic materials and devices. The focus is on new concepts and knowledge in nanoscience and nanotechnology for applications in logic, memory, sensors, photonics, and renewable energy. This research on nanoelectronic materials and devices will be instructive in finding solutions to address the challenges of current electronics in switching speed, power consumption, and heat dissipation and will be of great interest to academic society and the industry.

Handbook of Advanced Electronic and Photonic Materials and Devices Ten Volume Set

Handbook of Advanced Electronic and Photonic Materials and Devices  Ten Volume Set
Author: Hari Singh Nalwa
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 383
Release: 2000-10-09
ISBN: 0125137451
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Advanced Electronic and Photonic Materials and Devices Ten Volume Set Book Excerpt:

Vol. 1: Semiconductors;Vol. 2: Semiconductors Devices;Vol. 3: High-Tc Superconductors and Organic Conductors; Vol. 4: Ferroelectrics and Dielectrics; Vol. 5: Chalcogenide Glasses and Sol-Gel Materials; Vol. 6 Nanostructured Materials; Vol. 7: Liquid Crystals, Display and Laser Materials; Vol. 8: Conducting Polymers; Vol. 9: Nonlinear Optical Materials; Volume 10: Light-Emitting Diodes, Lithium Batteries and Polymer Devices

Nanoscale Quantum Materials

Nanoscale Quantum Materials
Author: Tapash Chakraborty
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 248
Release: 2021-08-01
ISBN: 1000432963
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanoscale Quantum Materials Book Excerpt:

In the past four decades, there has been growing interest in the exciting new topic of physics in low dimensions. Thousands of original ideas have been proposed in the literature, and some are confirmed experimentally, along with several Nobel prizes which have been awarded in this field. While there are several books available, almost all are technical and accessible only to expert researchers. This book provides an accessible introduction to the field, with less emphasis on technical details. Whilst this book does not provide a traditional history of nano-science, instead it uses simple explanations and case studies as vehicles to explain key discoveries and the importance of them, enabling readers without a background in the area to gain an understanding of some aspects of nanoscale physics. It will be of interest to researchers working in condensed matter physics, in addition to engineers and advanced students in those disciplines. It also remains accessible to ‘physics enthusiasts’ from other academic disciplines, as technical details are contained within boxes and footnotes which can be skipped for a general reading of the book. Features: - Provides an accessible introduction to a technical subject - Contains exciting developments from the cutting-edge science being conducted in the area - Authored by a recognised expert in the field

Photonic Materials Devices and Applications

Photonic Materials  Devices  and Applications
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2005
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Optoelectronic devices
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Photonic Materials Devices and Applications Book Excerpt:

Thermoelectric Energy Conversion

Thermoelectric Energy Conversion
Author: Ryoji Funahashi
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 730
Release: 2021-01-19
ISBN: 0128199164
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thermoelectric Energy Conversion Book Excerpt:

Thermoelectric Energy Conversion: Theories and Mechanisms, Materials, Devices, and Applications provides readers with foundational knowledge on key aspects of thermoelectric conversion and reviews future prospects. Sections cover the basic theories and mechanisms of thermoelectric physics, the chemical and physical aspects of classical to brand-new materials, measurement techniques of thermoelectric conversion properties from the materials to modules and current research, including the physics, crystallography and chemistry aspects of processing to produce thermoelectric devices. Finally, the book discusses thermoelectric conversion applications, including cooling, generation, energy harvesting, space, sensor and other emerging areas of applications. Reviews key applications of thermoelectric energy conversion, including cooling, power generation, energy harvesting, and applications for space and sensing Discusses a wide range of materials, including skutterudites, heusler materials, chalcogenides, oxides, low dimensional materials, and organic materials Provides the fundamentals of thermoelectric energy conversion, including the physics, phonon conduction, electronic correlation, magneto-seebeck theories, topological insulators and thermionics

Electro optic and Second Harmonic Generation Materials Devices and Applications

Electro optic and Second Harmonic Generation Materials  Devices  and Applications
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1998
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Crystal optics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Electro optic and Second Harmonic Generation Materials Devices and Applications Book Excerpt:

Physics of Semiconductor Devices

Physics of Semiconductor Devices
Author: Simon M. Sze,Yiming Li,Kwok K. Ng
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 944
Release: 2021-03-24
ISBN: 1119429137
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Physics of Semiconductor Devices Book Excerpt:

The new edition of the most detailed and comprehensive single-volume reference on major semiconductor devices The Fourth Edition of Physics of Semiconductor Devices remains the standard reference work on the fundamental physics and operational characteristics of all major bipolar, unipolar, special microwave, and optoelectronic devices. This fully updated and expanded edition includes approximately 1,000 references to original research papers and review articles, more than 650 high-quality technical illustrations, and over two dozen tables of material parameters. Divided into five parts, the text first provides a summary of semiconductor properties, covering energy band, carrier concentration, and transport properties. The second part surveys the basic building blocks of semiconductor devices, including p-n junctions, metal-semiconductor contacts, and metal-insulator-semiconductor (MIS) capacitors. Part III examines bipolar transistors, MOSFETs (MOS field-effect transistors), and other field-effect transistors such as JFETs (junction field-effect-transistors) and MESFETs (metal-semiconductor field-effect transistors). Part IV focuses on negative-resistance and power devices. The book concludes with coverage of photonic devices and sensors, including light-emitting diodes (LEDs), solar cells, and various photodetectors and semiconductor sensors. This classic volume, the standard textbook and reference in the field of semiconductor devices: Provides the practical foundation necessary for understanding the devices currently in use and evaluating the performance and limitations of future devices Offers completely updated and revised information that reflects advances in device concepts, performance, and application Features discussions of topics of contemporary interest, such as applications of photonic devices that convert optical energy to electric energy Includes numerous problem sets, real-world examples, tables, figures, and illustrations; several useful appendices; and a detailed solutions manual Explores new work on leading-edge technologies such as MODFETs, resonant-tunneling diodes, quantum-cascade lasers, single-electron transistors, real-space-transfer devices, and MOS-controlled thyristors Physics of Semiconductor Devices, Fourth Edition is an indispensable resource for design engineers, research scientists, industrial and electronics engineering managers, and graduate students in the field.

Liquid Crystal Materials Devices and Applications

Liquid Crystal Materials  Devices  and Applications
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1999
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Liquid crystal devices
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Liquid Crystal Materials Devices and Applications Book Excerpt:

Domestic Manufacturing Capabilities for Critical DoD Applications

Domestic Manufacturing Capabilities for Critical DoD Applications
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Materials and Manufacturing Board
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 108
Release: 2019-11-21
ISBN: 0309494796
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Domestic Manufacturing Capabilities for Critical DoD Applications Book Excerpt:

Recent advancements in quantum-enabled systems present a variety of new opportunities and challenges. These technologies are important developments for a variety of computing, communications, and sensing applications. However, many materials and components relevant to quantum-enabled systems exist outside of the United States, and it is important to promote the development of assured domestic sources of materials, manufacturing capabilities, and expertise. The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a 2-day workshop to explore implications and concerns related to the application of quantum-enabled systems in the United States. This workshop focused on quantum-enabled computing systems, quantum communications and networks, and quantum sensing opportunities. Participants explored the path to quantum computing, communications, and networks, opportunities for collaboration, as well as key gaps, supply chain concerns, and security issues. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

Handbook of Optoelectronics

Handbook of Optoelectronics
Author: John P. Dakin,Robert G. W. Brown
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 705
Release: 2017-10-06
ISBN: 1482241811
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Optoelectronics Book Excerpt:

Handbook of Optoelectronics offers a self-contained reference from the basic science and light sources to devices and modern applications across the entire spectrum of disciplines utilizing optoelectronic technologies. This second edition gives a complete update of the original work with a focus on systems and applications. Volume I covers the details of optoelectronic devices and techniques including semiconductor lasers, optical detectors and receivers, optical fiber devices, modulators, amplifiers, integrated optics, LEDs, and engineered optical materials with brand new chapters on silicon photonics, nanophotonics, and graphene optoelectronics. Volume II addresses the underlying system technologies enabling state-of-the-art communications, imaging, displays, sensing, data processing, energy conversion, and actuation. Volume III is brand new to this edition, focusing on applications in infrastructure, transport, security, surveillance, environmental monitoring, military, industrial, oil and gas, energy generation and distribution, medicine, and free space. No other resource in the field comes close to its breadth and depth, with contributions from leading industrial and academic institutions around the world. Whether used as a reference, research tool, or broad-based introduction to the field, the Handbook offers everything you need to get started. (The previous edition of this title was published as Handbook of Optoelectronics, 9780750306461.) John P. Dakin, PhD, is professor (emeritus) at the Optoelectronics Research Centre, University of Southampton, UK. Robert G. W. Brown, PhD, is chief executive officer of the American Institute of Physics and an adjunct full professor in the Beckman Laser Institute and Medical Clinic at the University of California, Irvine.

Fundamentals of Nonlinear Optics

Fundamentals of Nonlinear Optics
Author: Peter E. Powers,Joseph W. Haus
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 566
Release: 2017-04-27
ISBN: 1498736866
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fundamentals of Nonlinear Optics Book Excerpt:

Praise for the 1st Edition: "well written and up to date.... The problem sets at the end of each chapter reinforce and enhance the material presented, and may give students confidence in handling real-world problems." ―Optics & Photonics News "rigorous but simple description of a difficult field keeps the reader’s attention throughout.... serves perfectly for an introductory-level course." ―Physics Today This fully revised introduction enables the reader to understand and use the basic principles related to many phenomena in nonlinear optics and provides the mathematical tools necessary to solve application-relevant problems. The book is a pedagogical guide aimed at a diverse audience including engineers, physicists, and chemists who want a tiered approach to understanding nonlinear optics. The material is augmented by numerous problems, with many requiring the reader to perform real-world calculations for a range of fields, from optical communications to remote sensing and quantum information. Analytical solutions of equations are covered in detail and numerical approaches to solving problems are explained and demonstrated. The second edition expands the earlier treatment and includes: A new chapter on quantum nonlinear optics. Thorough treatment of parametric optical processes covering birefringence, tolerances and beam optimization to design and build high conversion efficiency devices. Treatment of numerical methods to solving sets of complex nonlinear equations. Many problems in each chapter to challenge reader comprehension. Extended treatment of four-wave mixing and solitons. Coverage of ultrafast pulse propagation including walk-off effects.

Handbook of Zinc Oxide and Related Materials

Handbook of Zinc Oxide and Related Materials
Author: Zhe Chuan Feng
Publsiher: Taylor & Francis
Total Pages: 562
Release: 2012-09-26
ISBN: 1439855757
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Zinc Oxide and Related Materials Book Excerpt:

Through their application in energy-efficient and environmentally friendly devices, zinc oxide (ZnO) and related classes of wide gap semiconductors, including GaN and SiC, are revolutionizing numerous areas, from lighting, energy conversion, photovoltaics, and communications to biotechnology, imaging, and medicine. With an emphasis on engineering a

Twistronics

Twistronics
Author: Fouad Sabry
Publsiher: One Billion Knowledgeable
Total Pages: 361
Release: 2022-08-31
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Twistronics Book Excerpt:

What Is Twistronics The field of research known as "twistronics" examines how changing the angle between layers of two-dimensional materials might affect the electrical characteristics of the materials. It has been shown that the angle between the layers of some materials, such as bilayer graphene, may profoundly affect the electrical behavior of the material, causing it to behave in a manner that is anywhere from non-conductive to superconductive. In their theoretical description of graphene superlattices, the research group led by Efthimios Kaxiras at Harvard University was the first to use this word. How You Will Benefit (I) Insights, and validations about the following topics: Chapter 1: Twistronics Chapter 2: Superconductivity Chapter 3: Unconventional superconductor Chapter 4: High-temperature superconductivity Chapter 5: Room-temperature superconductor Chapter 6: Graphene Chapter 7: Superlattice Chapter 8: Hofstadter's butterfly Chapter 9: Tungsten ditelluride Chapter 10: Proximity effect (superconductivity) Chapter 11: Pomeranchuk cooling Chapter 12: Superstripes Chapter 13: Bilayer graphene Chapter 14: Allan H. MacDonald Chapter 15: Alexander V. Balatsky Chapter 16: Single-layer materials Chapter 17: Eva Andrei Chapter 18: Electronic properties of graphene Chapter 19: Pablo Jarillo-Herrero Chapter 20: Antonio H. Castro Neto Chapter 21: Rafi Bistritzer (II) Answering the public top questions about twistronics. (III) Real world examples for the usage of twistronics in many fields. (IV) 17 appendices to explain, briefly, 266 emerging technologies in each industry to have 360-degree full understanding of twistronics' technologies. Who This Book Is For Professionals, undergraduate and graduate students, enthusiasts, hobbyists, and those who want to go beyond basic knowledge or information for any kind of twistronics.

Entanglement in Spin Chains

Entanglement in Spin Chains
Author: Abolfazl Bayat,Sougato Bose,Henrik Johannesson
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 549
Release: 2022-09-26
ISBN: 303103998X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Entanglement in Spin Chains Book Excerpt:

This book covers recent developments in the understanding, quantification, and exploitation of entanglement in spin chain models from both condensed matter and quantum information perspectives. Spin chain models are at the foundation of condensed matter physics and quantum information technologies and elucidate many fundamental phenomena such as information scrambling, quantum phase transitions, and many-body localization. Moreover, many quantum materials and emerging quantum devices are well described by spin chains. Comprising accessible, self-contained chapters written by leading researchers, this book is essential reading for graduate students and researchers in quantum materials and quantum information. The coverage is comprehensive, from the fundamental entanglement aspects of quantum criticality, non-equilibrium dynamics, classical and quantum simulation of spin chains through to their experimental realizations, and beyond into machine learning applications.

SiC Power Materials

SiC Power Materials
Author: Zhe Chuan Feng
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 452
Release: 2013-03-14
ISBN: 3662098776
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

SiC Power Materials Book Excerpt:

This book reviews the progress achieved in SiC research and development, particularly over the past 10 years. It presents the essential properties of 3C-, 6H- and 4H-SiC polytypes including structural, electrical, optical, surface and interface properties; describes existing key SiC devices and also the challenges in materials growth and device fabrication of the 21st century.

Polarons in Advanced Materials

Polarons in Advanced Materials
Author: Alexandre S. Alexandrov
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 672
Release: 2008-01-11
ISBN: 1402063482
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polarons in Advanced Materials Book Excerpt:

This book first introduces a single polaron and describes recent achievements in analytical and numerical studies of polaron properties in different e-ph models. It then describes multi-polaron physics as well as many key physical properties of high-temperature superconductors, colossal magnetoresistance oxides, conducting polymers and molecular nanowires, which were understood with polarons and bipolarons.

Nonequilibrium Dynamics of Collective Excitations in Quantum Materials

Nonequilibrium Dynamics of Collective Excitations in Quantum Materials
Author: Edoardo Baldini
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 316
Release: 2018-03-28
ISBN: 3319774980
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nonequilibrium Dynamics of Collective Excitations in Quantum Materials Book Excerpt:

This book studies the dynamics of fundamental collective excitations in quantum materials, focusing on the use of state-of-the-art ultrafast broadband optical spectroscopy. Collective behaviour in solids lies at the origin of several cooperative phenomena that can lead to profound transformations, instabilities and phase transitions. Revealing the dynamics of collective excitations is a topic of pivotal importance in contemporary condensed matter physics, as it provides information on the strength and spatial distribution of interactions and correlation. The experimental framework explored in this book relies on setting a material out-of-equilibrium by an ultrashort laser pulse and monitoring the photo-induced changes in its optical properties over a broad spectral region in the visible or deep-ultraviolet. Collective excitations (e.g. plasmons, excitons, phonons...) emerge either in the frequency domain as spectral features across the probed range, or in the time domain as coherent modes triggered by the pump pulse. Mapping the temporal evolution of these collective excitations provides access to the hierarchy of low-energy phenomena occurring in the solid during its path towards thermodynamic equilibrium. This methodology is used to investigate a number of strongly interacting and correlated materials with an increasing degree of internal complexity beyond conventional band theory.

Advanced Semiconductor Heterostructures

Advanced Semiconductor Heterostructures
Author: Mitra Dutta,Michael A Stroscio
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 248
Release: 2003-09-12
ISBN: 9814486558
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced Semiconductor Heterostructures Book Excerpt:

This volume provides valuable summaries on many aspects of advanced semiconductor heterostructures and highlights the great variety of semiconductor heterostructures that has emerged since their original conception. As exemplified by the chapters in this book, recent progress on advanced semiconductor heterostructures spans a truly remarkable range of scientific fields with an associated diversity of applications. Some of these applications will undoubtedly revolutionize critically important facets of modern technology. At the heart of these advances is the ability to design and control the properties of semiconductor devices on the nanoscale. As an example, the intersubband lasers discussed in this book have a broad range of previously unobtainable characteristics and associated applications as a result of the nanoscale dimensional control of the underlying semiconductor heterostructures. As this book illustrates, an astounding variety of heterostructures can be fabricated with current technology; the potentially widespread use of layered quantum dots fabricated with nanoscale precision in biological applications opens up exciting advances in medicine. In addition, many more excellent examples of the remarkable impact being made through the use of semiconductor heterostructures are given. The summaries in this volume provide timely insights into what we know now about selected areas of advanced semiconductor heterostructures and also provide foundations for further developments. Contents:Novel Heterostructure Devices:Electron–Phonon Interactions in Intersubband Laser Heterostructures (M V Kisin et al.)Quantum Dot Infrared Detectors and Sources (P Bhattacharya et al.)Generation of Terahertz Emission Based on Intersubband Transitions (Q Hu)Mid-Infrared GaSb-Based Lasers with Type-I Heterointerfaces (D V Donetsky et al.)Advances in Quantum-Dot Research and Technology: The Path to Applications in Biology (M A Stroscio & M Dutta)Potential Device Applications and Basic Properties:High-Field Electron Transport Controlled by Optical Phonon Emission in Nitrides (S M Komirenko et al.)Cooling by Inverse Nottingham Effect with Resonant Tunneling (Y Yu et al.)The Physics of Single Electron Transistors (M A Kastner)Carrier Capture and Transport within Tunnel Injection Lasers: A Quantum Transport Analysis (L F Register et al.)The Influence of Environmental Effects on the Acoustic Phonon Spectra in Quantum-Dot Heterostructures (S Rufo et al.)Quantum Devices with Multipole-Electrode — Heterojunctions Hybrid Structures (R Tsu) Readership: Undergraduate and graduate level engineering students, electrical engineers, bioengineers and physicists. Keywords:Intersubband Laser Heterostructures;Quantum Dot Infrared Detectors;Terahertz Emission;GaSb-Based Lasers;Quantum Dot Biotags;Optical Phonon Emission in the Nitrides;Inverse Nottingham Effect;Single Electron Devices;Tunnel Injection Lasers