Artificial Intelligence in the Age of Neural Networks and Brain Computing

Artificial Intelligence in the Age of Neural Networks and Brain Computing
Author: Robert Kozma,Cesare Alippi,Yoonsuck Choe,Francesco Carlo Morabito
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2018-10-30
ISBN: 0128162503
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Artificial Intelligence in the Age of Neural Networks and Brain Computing Book Excerpt:

Artificial Intelligence in the Age of Neural Networks and Brain Computing demonstrates that existing disruptive implications and applications of AI is a development of the unique attributes of neural networks, mainly machine learning, distributed architectures, massive parallel processing, black-box inference, intrinsic nonlinearity and smart autonomous search engines. The book covers the major basic ideas of brain-like computing behind AI, provides a framework to deep learning, and launches novel and intriguing paradigms as future alternatives. The success of AI-based commercial products proposed by top industry leaders, such as Google, IBM, Microsoft, Intel and Amazon can be interpreted using this book. Developed from the 30th anniversary of the International Neural Network Society (INNS) and the 2017 International Joint Conference on Neural Networks (IJCNN) Authored by top experts, global field pioneers and researchers working on cutting-edge applications in signal processing, speech recognition, games, adaptive control and decision-making Edited by high-level academics and researchers in intelligent systems and neural networks

Artificial Intelligence and Its Discontents

Artificial Intelligence and Its Discontents
Author: Ariane Hanemaayer
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 283
Release: 2022-02-01
ISBN: 3030886158
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Artificial Intelligence and Its Discontents Book Excerpt:

On what basis can we challenge Artificial Intelligence (AI) - its infusion, investment, and implementation across the globe? This book answers this question by drawing on a range of critical approaches from the social sciences and humanities, including posthumanism, ethics and human values, surveillance studies, Black feminism, and other strategies for social and political resistance. The authors analyse timely topics, including bias and language processing, responsibility and machine learning, COVID-19 and AI in health technologies, bio-AI and nanotechnology, digital ethics, AI and the gig economy, representations of AI in literature and culture, and many more. This book is for those who are currently working in the field of AI critique and disruption as well as in AI development and programming. It is also for those who want to learn more about how to doubt, question, challenge, reject, reform and otherwise reprise AI as it been practiced and promoted.

Applied Biomedical Engineering Using Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Models

Applied Biomedical Engineering Using Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Models
Author: Jorge Garza Ulloa
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 704
Release: 2021-12-06
ISBN: 0128209348
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Applied Biomedical Engineering Using Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Models Book Excerpt:

Applied Biomedical Engineering Using Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Models focuses on the relationship between three different multidisciplinary branches of engineering: Biomedical Engineering, Cognitive Science and Computer Science through Artificial Intelligence models. These models will be used to study how the nervous system and musculoskeletal system obey movement orders from the brain, as well as the mental processes of the information during cognition when injuries and neurologic diseases are present in the human body. The interaction between these three areas are studied in this book with the objective of obtaining AI models on injuries and neurologic diseases of the human body, studying diseases of the brain, spine and the nerves that connect them with the musculoskeletal system. There are more than 600 diseases of the nervous system, including brain tumors, epilepsy, Parkinson's disease, stroke, and many others. These diseases affect the human cognitive system that sends orders from the central nervous system (CNS) through the peripheral nervous systems (PNS) to do tasks using the musculoskeletal system. These actions can be detected by many Bioinstruments (Biomedical Instruments) and cognitive device data, allowing us to apply AI using Machine Learning-Deep Learning-Cognitive Computing models through algorithms to analyze, detect, classify, and forecast the process of various illnesses, diseases, and injuries of the human body. Applied Biomedical Engineering Using Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Models provides readers with the study of injuries, illness, and neurological diseases of the human body through Artificial Intelligence using Machine Learning (ML), Deep Learning (DL) and Cognitive Computing (CC) models based on algorithms developed with MATLAB® and IBM Watson®. Provides an introduction to Cognitive science, cognitive computing and human cognitive relation to help in the solution of AI Biomedical engineering problems Explain different Artificial Intelligence (AI) including evolutionary algorithms to emulate natural evolution, reinforced learning, Artificial Neural Network (ANN) type and cognitive learning and to obtain many AI models for Biomedical Engineering problems Includes coverage of the evolution Artificial Intelligence through Machine Learning (ML), Deep Learning (DL), Cognitive Computing (CC) using MATLAB® as a programming language with many add-on MATLAB® toolboxes, and AI based commercial products cloud services as: IBM (Cognitive Computing, IBM Watson®, IBM Watson Studio®, IBM Watson Studio Visual Recognition®), and others Provides the necessary tools to accelerate obtaining results for the analysis of injuries, illness, and neurologic diseases that can be detected through the static, kinetics and kinematics, and natural body language data and medical imaging techniques applying AI using ML-DL-CC algorithms with the objective of obtaining appropriate conclusions to create solutions that improve the quality of life of patients

Dominant Algorithms to Evaluate Artificial Intelligence From the View of Throughput Model

Dominant Algorithms to Evaluate Artificial Intelligence  From the View of Throughput Model
Author: Waymond Rodgers
Publsiher: Bentham Science Publishers
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2022-07-20
ISBN: 9815049550
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Dominant Algorithms to Evaluate Artificial Intelligence From the View of Throughput Model Book Excerpt:

This book describes the Throughput Model methodology that can enable individuals and organizations to better identify, understand, and use algorithms to solve daily problems. The Throughput Model is a progressive model intended to advance the artificial intelligence (AI) field since it represents symbol manipulation in six algorithmic pathways that are theorized to mimic the essential pillars of human cognition, namely, perception, information, judgment, and decision choice. The six AI algorithmic pathways are (1) Expedient Algorithmic Pathway, (2) Ruling Algorithmic Guide Pathway, (3) Analytical Algorithmic Pathway, (4) Revisionist Algorithmic Pathway, (5) Value Driven Algorithmic Pathway, and (6) Global Perspective Algorithmic Pathway. As AI is increasingly employed for applications where decisions require explanations, the Throughput Model offers business professionals the means to look under the hood of AI and comprehend how those decisions are attained by organizations. Key Features: - Covers general concepts of Artificial intelligence and machine learning - Explains the importance of dominant AI algorithms for business and AI research - Provides information about 6 unique algorithmic pathways in the Throughput Model - Provides information to create a roadmap towards building architectures that combine the strengths of the symbolic approaches for analyzing big data - Explains how to understand the functions of an AI algorithm to solve problems and make good decisions - informs managers who are interested in employing ethical and trustworthiness features in systems. Dominant Algorithms to Evaluate Artificial Intelligence: From the view of Throughput Model is an informative reference for all professionals and scholars who are working on AI projects to solve a range of business and technical problems.

Coded Leadership

Coded Leadership
Author: Raul Villamarin Rodriguez,Pinisetti Swami Sairam,Hemachandran K
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 132
Release: 2022-08-15
ISBN: 1000629120
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Coded Leadership Book Excerpt:

Coded Leadership: Developing Scalable Management in an AI-induced Quantum World will assist researchers and industry experts working towards improvising their processes and developing and deploying strategies in an AI-induced world of quantum computing. The book introduces the necessary background to understand the challenges in today’s organizational leadership and how artificial intelligence enables learning to be viewed from a probabilistic framework. Key Features Introduction to Quantum Natural Language Processing. Overview of Leadership and AI. The Age of Quantum Superiority. Challenges to Today’s Leadership. AI-induced Strategic Implementation and Organizational Performance. This book serves as a reference for researchers that need to know how AI and quantum can assist in leadership and organizational performance. The book will also be helpful for students that want to learn more about AI and quantum computing in various business applications.

Advances in Methods and Applications of Quantum Systems in Chemistry Physics and Biology

Advances in Methods and Applications of Quantum Systems in Chemistry  Physics  and Biology
Author: Alexander V. Glushkov,Olga Yu. Khetselius,Jean Maruani,Erkki Brändas
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 358
Release: 2021-06-29
ISBN: 3030683141
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Methods and Applications of Quantum Systems in Chemistry Physics and Biology Book Excerpt:

This book reviews the most significant advances in concepts, methods, and applications of quantum systems in a broad variety of problems in modern chemistry, physics, and biology. In particular, it discusses atomic, molecular, and solid structure, dynamics and spectroscopy, relativistic and correlation effects in quantum chemistry, topics of computational chemistry, physics and biology, as well as applications of theoretical chemistry and physics in advanced molecular and nano-materials and biochemical systems. The book contains peer-reviewed contributions written by leading experts in the fields and based on the presentations given at the Twenty-Fourth International Workshop on Quantum Systems in Chemistry, Physics, and Biology held in Odessa, Ukraine, in August 2019. This book is aimed at advanced graduate students, academics, and researchers, both in university and corporation laboratories, interested in state-of-the-art and novel trends in quantum chemistry, physics, biology, and their applications.

The Sage Age

The Sage Age
Author: Maanna Stephenson
Publsiher: Nightengale Press
Total Pages: 356
Release: 2008
ISBN: 1933449632
Category: Body, Mind & Spirit
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Sage Age Book Excerpt:

Combining the knowledge of physics with intuitive practice is no small task. The two disciplines often use the same words to mean entirely different things. Written for the seeker with more than a casual interest, The Sage Age - Blending Science with Intuitive Wisdom demystifies complex ideas with intelligent analogies and examples designed to appeal to both the scientist and the natural intuitive. Four years in the writing, this expansive new work combines knowledge from the physical sciences and the intuitive arts to present a visionary perspective that harmonizes these diverse disciplines into one body of knowledge. With a well-researched approach to its subjects, The Sage Age covers a broad range of material from ancient to modern thought, frontier science and current intuitive practice to deliver a depth and breadth of understanding that culminates in a holistic perspective for our time. Living up to its mantra of "new models for new thought," The Sage Age is certain to be a catalyst for dialogue and is destined to be a major work in its field.

Chaotic Harmony

Chaotic Harmony
Author: Ali Sanayei,Otto E. Rössler
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 278
Release: 2014-06-11
ISBN: 3319067818
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chaotic Harmony Book Excerpt:

This fascinating book written by Ali Sanayei and Otto E. Rössler is not a classic scientific publication, but a vivid dialogue on science, philosophy and the interdisciplinary intersections of science and technology with biographic elements. Chaotic Harmony: A Dialog about Physics, Complexity and Life represents a discussion between Otto Rössler and his colleague and student, focusing on the different areas of science and highlights their mutual relations. The book's concept of interdisciplinary dialogue is unusual nowadays although it has a long tradition in science. It provides insight not only into interesting topics that are often closely linked, but also into the mind of a prominent scientist in the field of physics, chaos and complexity in general. It allows a deep look into the fascinating process of scientific development and discovery and provides a very interesting background of known and unknown facts in the areas of complex processes in physics, cosmology, biology, brains and systems in general. This book will be valuable to all who are interested in science, its evolution and in an unconventional and original look at various issues. Surely it can serve as an inspiration for students, explaining the often overlooked fact that science and philosophy enrich each other.

The Second Singularity

The Second Singularity
Author: Pravir Malik
Publsiher: Pravir Malik
Total Pages: 370
Release: 2019-11-24
ISBN: 1734274301
Category: Mathematics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Second Singularity Book Excerpt:

It has been said that the future of Life is about Artificial Intelligence (AI) and that as AI advances a point will be reached, the Singularity, when humans will no longer have a clue as to what is going on nor why. Essentially as a species, humans will at this point have been marginalized by a global, singular intelligence, whose capabilities far outstrip human intelligence. On the contrary, this book will make the case that the future of Life is enabled by the pre-existent complexity that exists in every iota of it and that there have already been a series of light-based epiphanies by virtue of which Life in its continuing complexities has emerged as partial-singularities, and further, will culminate in a Second Singularity as more of our species consciously opens to the fullness of Light. The power and capabilities of the Second Singularity will far outstrip any AI-based singularity. This pre-existent complexity derives from the fact that Light exists in multiple states simultaneously. Hence, there is a fundamental and single light-based edifice that informs our universe, and it is by virtue of this light-based edifice that all matter, all life, all mind, and all emergences beyond the level of mind will surface. The future of life, hence, cannot be due to AI. At best, AI, can create a process by which many tasks that usually require utilization of the fundamental light-derived capacity of intelligence in order to be completed, can be completed by an exhaustively repetitive running of algorithms driven by massive computing power, hence giving the illusion of intelligence. Projected forward, the exhaustively repetitive running of algorithms driven by massive computing power, endow a practically ubiquitous digitally-enabled strata to control many tasks, and this may create the phenomenon of a “singularity” – in which humankind effectively cannot even fathom how things are happening anymore and is seemingly outpaced and outthought at every step in every direction by an ‘intelligence’ that appears to be all-knowing, all-present, and all-powerful. But this kind of singularity is fundamentally separated from the light-based edifice behind all things, and from which all things rise. It is hence not a true singularity in the sense of a finite function assuming infinite value, but is fundamentally limited in its scope by virtue of its disconnection from the founts of Life. This does not preclude an AI-based singularity from having massive practical power that can have an enormous destructive or constructive effect on humankind and material life. What it does mean though is that there is another singularity, a human-founded singularity, the Second Singularity, which can exceed the limits of any AI-based singularity due to its fundamental union with the light-based edifice that is behind and informs all of Life. The possible human-founded singularity, it will be discovered, is one in a long series of naturally occurring though partial-singularities that derive their existence from a fundamental union with the light-based edifice behind all things. Such partial-singularities are characterized by having all the power of the light-edifice behind them, though the emergences in such partial-singularities are not necessarily aware of their oneness with the light-based edifice. In the Second Singularity humans become aware of such oneness, becoming conscious projections animated by a single intelligence, love, and power of which they are a part. It is hence no more the human-level capacity that drives such humans, but the infinite capacities of the one light-based edifice that drives. This book focuses on the mathematics of emergence of these naturally occurring partial-singularities, leading up to the possible human-founded singularity that will endow humankind with the potential for extraordinary capacities.

Quantum Computing

Quantum Computing
Author: Brian Clegg
Publsiher: Icon Books
Total Pages: 178
Release: 2021-05-06
ISBN: 178578708X
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Quantum Computing Book Excerpt:

The ultimate non-technical guide to the fast-developing world of quantum computing Computer technology has improved exponentially over the last 50 years. But the headroom for bigger and better electronic solutions is running out. Our best hope is to engage the power of quantum physics. ‘Quantum algorithms’ had already been written long before hardware was built. These would enable, for example, a quantum computer to exponentially speed up an information search, or to crack the mathematical trick behind internet security. However, making a quantum computer is incredibly difficult. Despite hundreds of laboratories around the world working on them, we are only just seeing them come close to ‘supremacy’ where they can outperform a traditional computer. In this approachable introduction, Brian Clegg explains algorithms and their quantum counterparts, explores the physical building blocks and quantum weirdness necessary to make a quantum computer, and uncovers the capabilities of the current generation of machines.

The Universe as Automaton

The Universe as Automaton
Author: Klaus Mainzer,Leon Chua
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 108
Release: 2011-10-01
ISBN: 9783642234774
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Universe as Automaton Book Excerpt:

This Brief is an essay at the interface of philosophy and complexity research, trying to inspire the reader with new ideas and new conceptual developments of cellular automata. Going beyond the numerical experiments of Steven Wolfram, it is argued that cellular automata must be considered complex dynamical systems in their own right, requiring appropriate analytical models in order to find precise answers and predictions in the universe of cellular automata. Indeed, eventually we have to ask whether cellular automata can be considered models of the real world and, conversely, whether there are limits to our modern approach of attributing the world, and the universe for that matter, essentially a digital reality.

Philosophy and Theory of Artificial Intelligence 2017

Philosophy and Theory of Artificial Intelligence 2017
Author: Vincent C. Müller
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 316
Release: 2018-08-28
ISBN: 3319964488
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy and Theory of Artificial Intelligence 2017 Book Excerpt:

This book reports on the results of the third edition of the premier conference in the field of philosophy of artificial intelligence, PT-AI 2017, held on November 4 - 5, 2017 at the University of Leeds, UK. It covers: advanced knowledge on key AI concepts, including complexity, computation, creativity, embodiment, representation and superintelligence; cutting-edge ethical issues, such as the AI impact on human dignity and society, responsibilities and rights of machines, as well as AI threats to humanity and AI safety; and cutting-edge developments in techniques to achieve AI, including machine learning, neural networks, dynamical systems. The book also discusses important applications of AI, including big data analytics, expert systems, cognitive architectures, and robotics. It offers a timely, yet very comprehensive snapshot of what is going on in the field of AI, especially at the interfaces between philosophy, cognitive science, ethics and computing.

Epistemology and Transformation of Knowledge in Global Age

Epistemology and Transformation of Knowledge in Global Age
Author: Zlatan Delic
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 148
Release: 2017-07-26
ISBN: 953513387X
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Epistemology and Transformation of Knowledge in Global Age Book Excerpt:

This book consists of seven chapters containing multiple questions of the global socially epistemological situation in science and higher education. Despite the progress of techno-sciences, we are facing blind flaws in leading systems of knowledge and perception. The global era, in a paradox way, connects the new knowledge of economics, postpolitics, postdemocracy, and biopolitical regulation of live and unpresentable forms of the global geo-located violence. Techno-optimism and techno-dictatorship in the twenty-first century coincide with the ideology of market, biopolitics of mandatory satisfaction, religious revivalism, and collapse of higher education. In order for sciences to recover, it is necessary to make a globally epistemological and moral turn toward the truth. The book shows that, when joint desires of the new economics of knowledge and technology erase epistemology (in a way to assign definitions of knowledge and rules and practices of the public usage of the mind), then the time for epistemology is on its way.

The Organisation of Tomorrow

The Organisation of Tomorrow
Author: Mark Van Rijmenam
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 192
Release: 2019-07-19
ISBN: 1000007677
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Organisation of Tomorrow Book Excerpt:

The Organisation of Tomorrow presents a new model of doing business and explains how big data analytics, blockchain and artificial intelligence force us to rethink existing business models and develop organisations that will be ready for human-machine interactions. It also asks us to consider the impacts of these emerging information technologies on people and society. Big data analytics empowers consumers and employees. This can result in an open strategy and a better understanding of the changing environment. Blockchain enables peer-to-peer collaboration and trustless interactions governed by cryptography and smart contracts. Meanwhile, artificial intelligence allows for new and different levels of intensity and involvement among human and artificial actors. With that, new modes of organising are emerging: where technology facilitates collaboration between stakeholders; and where human-to-human interactions are increasingly replaced with human-to-machine and even machine-to-machine interactions. This book offers dozens of examples of industry leaders such as Walmart, Telstra, Alibaba, Microsoft and T-Mobile, before presenting the D2 + A2 model – a new model to help organisations datafy their business, distribute their data, analyse it for insights and automate processes and customer touchpoints to be ready for the data-driven and exponentially-changing society that is upon us This book offers governments, professional services, manufacturing, finance, retail and other industries a clear approach for how to develop products and services that are ready for the twenty-first century. It is a must-read for every organisation that wants to remain competitive in our fast-changing world.

Rebuilding Earth

Rebuilding Earth
Author: Teresa Coady
Publsiher: North Atlantic Books
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2020-04-21
ISBN: 1623174325
Category: Architecture
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Rebuilding Earth Book Excerpt:

A revolutionary guide to designing humane, eco-conscious homes, buildings, and cities of the future. It is estimated that the earth's population will expand to an unprecedented nine billion people over the next century. This explosion in population is predicted to place further stress on our environment, deplete our natural resources, and lead to increases in anxiety and depression due to overcrowding. In this visionary and uplifting book, Teresa Coady offers readers new hope. Rebuilding Earth is her blueprint for designing and building the cities, buildings, and homes of tomorrow, resulting in more conscious, sustainable, and humane living. Coady shows us how we can shift from an outdated Industrial-Age framework to a more humane, Digital-Age framework. This revolutionary approach will enable communities to harness various forms of green energy and reduce the amount of material needed to build infrastructure while contributing to a healthier planet (and society). We can then experience a new sense of purpose, health, and happiness. Meaningful and lasting change, the author tells us, can only come through designing interconnected communities that are vibrant, resilient, and communal. Unlike most predictions of doom and gloom, Coady presents a refreshingly optimistic view of humanity and its future. This book will appeal to those in the construction, design and development finance industries, as well as anyone interested in improving their lives through understanding the connections between the environment and health.

Alphaverse and Omegaverse

Alphaverse and Omegaverse
Author: TJ Morris
Publsiher: Lulu.com
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN: 1105194302
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Alphaverse and Omegaverse Book Excerpt:

Fragmentation of the Photographic Image in the Digital Age

Fragmentation of the Photographic Image in the Digital Age
Author: Daniel Rubinstein
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 230
Release: 2019-10-08
ISBN: 100069920X
Category: Art
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fragmentation of the Photographic Image in the Digital Age Book Excerpt:

Fragmentation of the Photographic Image in the Digital Age challenges orthodoxies of photographic theory and practice. Beyond understanding the image as a static representation of reality, it shows photography as a linchpin of dynamic developments in augmented intelligence, neuroscience, critical theory, and cybernetic cultures. Through essays by leading philosophers, political theorists, software artists, media researchers, curators, and experimental programmers, photography emerges not as a mimetic or a recording device but simultaneously as a new type of critical discipline and a new art form that stands at the crossroads of visual art, contemporary philosophy, and digital technologies.

Living In Troubled Times A New Political Era

Living In Troubled Times  A New Political Era
Author: Montbrial Thierry De
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 164
Release: 2018-09-10
ISBN: 9813275898
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Living In Troubled Times A New Political Era Book Excerpt:

For many observers, today's world seems indecipherable. The Earth is in such jeopardy that some scientists speak of a new accelerated geological era. The resurgence of barbarism and terrorism in the name of religion is seen as a historical regression.At the same time, waves of technological innovations are constantly surging, particularly in the fields of energy and information — sources of economic, ecological and social transformations. These advances point to an accelerated evolution of the human being.Never has the present been subjected to such a tectonic shock between its future and its past, the consequences of which seem difficult to foresee and can sometimes be distressing.Between naïve belief in the unlimited benefits of technology and resignation to the cycle of calamities, there is room to build a global governance aiming at organising a geopolitical order to derive the best of the human experience. This book opens us to a better understanding of our times.

Ideas of Quantum Chemistry

Ideas of Quantum Chemistry
Author: Lucjan Piela
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 795
Release: 2020-01-11
ISBN: 0444642471
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ideas of Quantum Chemistry Book Excerpt:

Ideas of Quantum Chemistry, Volume One: From Quantum Physics to Chemistry shows how quantum mechanics is applied to molecular sciences to provide a theoretical foundation. Organized into digestible sections and written in an accessible style, it answers questions, highlighting the most important conclusions and essential mathematical formulae. Beginning with an introduction to the magic of quantum mechanics, the book goes on to review such key topics as the Schrödinger Equation, exact solutions, and fundamental approximate methods. The crucial concept of molecular shape is then discussed, followed by the motion of nuclei and the orbital model of electronic structure. This updated volume covers the latest developments in the field and can be used either on its own as a detailed introduction to quantum chemistry or in combination with Volume Two to give a complete overview of the field. Provides fully updated coverage on an extensive range of both foundational and complex topics Uses an innovative structure to emphasize relationships between topics and help readers tailor their own path through the book Includes new sections on Time-Energy Uncertainty and Virial Theorem

Medical Ethics Through the Ages

Medical Ethics Through the Ages
Author: Andreas Sofroniou
Publsiher: Lulu.com
Total Pages: 202
Release: 2003
ISBN: 1409274683
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Medical Ethics Through the Ages Book Excerpt:

Ethics are a set of human rules, which morally allow an individual to interact in, or live freely within a group of people. This may be in society at large, a team, a professional body, or a group of people with similar interests.Historically, ethics or moral philosophy, are as old as human comprehension. These can be traced back to the pre-historic prohibited and accepted patterns of attitudes. Through the ages, attempts were made by thinkers to clarify the way people behave, share things, mix in numbers, and maintain standards. In modern times, the catalogue of such values and rules become part of all professions. Ethical contacts change with the advent of a new belief, codes of practice and reliance on each other. The brief historical survey of Western ethics from Socrates to the 21st century has shown constant themes. Each of these major questions is considered by this book in terms of meta-ethics, normative ethics, and applied ethics.