Radioactive Releases in the Environment

Radioactive Releases in the Environment
Author: John R. Cooper,Keith Randle,Ranjeet S. Sokhi
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 490
Release: 2003-05-07
ISBN: 9780471899242
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radioactive Releases in the Environment Book Excerpt:

This text brings together in one single comprehensive reference, the fundamentals of radioactivity. It uniquely fills the gap in the market, as no other books deal with environmental radioactivity to this degree. * Timely and invaluable as the studies of environmental processes and the awareness of the impact of human activity on our environment are increasing * Links all three main aspects of environmental radioactivity: Principles, Transport and Measurement * Useful to a wide readership - students, lecturers, researchers, companies and environmental consultants

Radioactivity in the Terrestrial Environment

Radioactivity in the Terrestrial Environment
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 306
Release: 2007-03-02
ISBN: 9780080474892
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radioactivity in the Terrestrial Environment Book Excerpt:

The Radioactivity in the Environment Series addresses the key aspects of this socially important and complex interdisciplinary subject. Presented objectively and with the ultimate authority gained from the many contributions by the world's leading experts, the negative and positive consequences of having a radioactive world around us is documented and given perspective. In a world in which nuclear science is not only less popular than in the past, but also less extensively taught in universities and colleges, this book series will fill a significant educational gap. Radioactivity in the Terrestrial Environment presents an updated and critical review of designing, siting, constructing and demonstrating the safety and environmental impact of deep repositories for radioactive wastes. It is structured to provide a broad perspective of this multi-faceted, multi-disciplinary topic providing enough detail for a non-specialist to understand the fundamental principles involved. Contains extensive references to sources of more detailed information Provides a detailed summary of radioactivity in terrestrial ecosystems, providing a substantial and essential reference on the subject Discusses lesser-known sources of radiation exposure that provide useful information for those seeking to place environmental radioactivity into perspective

Low level Measurements Of Radioactivity In The Environment Techniques And Applications Proceedings Of The Third International Summer School

Low level Measurements Of Radioactivity In The Environment   Techniques And Applications   Proceedings Of The Third International Summer School
Author: M Garcia-leon,R Garcia-tenorio
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 584
Release: 1994-07-27
ISBN: 9814552070
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Low level Measurements Of Radioactivity In The Environment Techniques And Applications Proceedings Of The Third International Summer School Book Excerpt:

This book contains the lectures, seminars and abstracts of short communications delivered at the above summer school. The talks are an updated account of the methods used in the detection of radioactivity in nature and in the study of its spread in the environment.

Radioactivity in the Environment

Radioactivity in the Environment
Author: Ronald L. Kathren
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 397
Release: 1984
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Environmental monitoring
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radioactivity in the Environment Book Excerpt:

Man Made and Natural Radioactivity in Environmental Pollution and Radiochronology

Man Made and Natural Radioactivity in Environmental Pollution and Radiochronology
Author: Richard Tykva,Dieter Berg
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 416
Release: 2013-03-14
ISBN: 9401704961
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Man Made and Natural Radioactivity in Environmental Pollution and Radiochronology Book Excerpt:

The goal of this book is to examine the complex state of radioactivity in the environment, and to understand the interplay of its two principal sources: man-made and natural. The text examines human contributions to release of radionuclides, with an eye to future reductions, and assesses natural occurrences in an evaluation of baseline radioactivity.

Environmental Radioactivity from Natural Industrial and Military Sources

Environmental Radioactivity from Natural  Industrial and Military Sources
Author: Merrill Eisenbud,Thomas F. Gesell
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 656
Release: 1997-03-26
ISBN: 9780080505800
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Radioactivity from Natural Industrial and Military Sources Book Excerpt:

Environmental Radioactivity from Natural, Industrial, and Military Sources is the comprehensive source of information on radiation in the environment and human exposure to radioactivity. This Fourth Edition isa complete revision and extension of the classic work, reflecting major new developments and concerns as the Cold War ended, nuclear weapons began to be dismantled, and cleanup of the nuclear weapons facilities assumed center stage. Contamination from accidents involving weapons, reactors, and radionuclide sources are discussed in an updated chapter, including the latest information about the effects of the Chernobyl accident. Important revisions are also made to the chapters on natural radioactivity, nuclear fuels and power reactors, radioactive waste management, and various other sources of exposure. Several chapters provide primers for readers who may not be familiar with the fundamentals of radiation biology, protection standards, and pathways for the environmental transport of radionuclides. An Appendix lists the properties of the more important radionuclides found in the environment. The book concludes with a commentary on contemporary social aspects of radiation exposure and risks that offers analternative view to current, often excessive concerns over radiation, nuclear technology, and waste. Describes every important source of environmental radioactivity Reviews the vexing problems of radioactive waste management and clean-up of contaminated sites Contains measured or projected radiation dose estimates for the major sources Features 126 figures, 80 tables, and more than 1200 references Discusses current problems in historical context The two authors bring more than 75 years of combined experience with environmental radioactivity Provides an understanding of the sources of environmental radioactivity and human exposure from the mining of ores to final disposal of wastes Thoroughly reviews important contamination accidents

Modelling Radioactivity in the Environment

Modelling Radioactivity in the Environment
Author: E.M. Scott
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 438
Release: 2003-05-22
ISBN: 9780080536651
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Modelling Radioactivity in the Environment Book Excerpt:

Just as an environmental model typically will be composed of a number of linked sub-models, representing physical, chemical or biological processes understood to varying degrees, this volume includes a series of linked chapters exemplifying the fundamental nature of environmental radioactivity models in all compartments of the environment. Why is a book on modelling environmental radioactivity necessary? There are many reasons why such a boook is necessary, perhaps the most important that: - modelling is an often misunderstood and maligned activity and this book can provide, to a broad audience, a greater understanding of modelling power but also some of the limitations. - modellers and experimentalists often do not understand and mistrust each other's work yet they are mutually dependent, in the sense that good experimental science can direct good modelling work and vice-versa; we hope that this book can dispel mistrust and engender improved understanding. - there is an increasing reliance on model results in environmental management, yet there is also often misuse and misrepresentation of these results. This book can help to bridge the gap between unrealistic expectations of model power and the realisation of what is possible, practicable and feasible in modelling of environmental radioactivity; and finally, - modelling tools, capacity and power have increased many-fold in a relatively short period of time. Much of this is due to the much-heralded computer revolution, but much is also due to better science. It is useful to consider what gap if any still remains between what is possible and what is necessary.

Analysis of Environmental Radionuclides

Analysis of Environmental Radionuclides
Author: Pavel Povinec
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 538
Release: 2011-07-28
ISBN: 9780080553375
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Analysis of Environmental Radionuclides Book Excerpt:

The purpose of this book is to present a state of art summary of current knowledge of methods of assessment of radionuclides in the terrestrial and marine environments. It cover the traditional methods of radioactivity measurements such as radiometrics techniques, but also recent developments in the mass spectrometry sector. The book starts with a short preface introducing the subject of the book, summarising content and philosophy of the book, as well as the most important historical achievements. The scientific topics are introduced by description of sampling methods, optimisation of sampling sites and sampling frequency. The recent developments in radiochemical separation methods using chromatography resins for the treatment of actinides, transuranics and other groups of radioelements are also described. No other book is available covering all aspects of environmental radioactivity measurements, although remarkable progress has been made in detection techniques over the last ten years. At present the new methods enable to carry out investigations which were not possible before, either because of lack of sensitivity or because of the fact that they required too large samples.

Rapid Methods for Measuring Radioactivity in the Environment

Rapid Methods for Measuring Radioactivity in the Environment
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 967
Release: 1971
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Germany (Federal Republic)
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Rapid Methods for Measuring Radioactivity in the Environment Book Excerpt:

Low Level Environmental Radioactivity

Low Level Environmental Radioactivity
Author: Richard Tykva,Jozef Sabol
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 344
Release: 1995-04-13
ISBN: 9781566761895
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Low Level Environmental Radioactivity Book Excerpt:

From the Introduction Low-level radioactivity is related to those radioactive sources of ionizing radiation that are characterized by low activities. Sometimes activity here does not represent total amount of radionuclides but rather their concentration. In other cases, the total activity may be quite high, but we can measure only a relatively small portion of the material. "Low" may have, for different situations and circumstances, not only considerably different meanings but also different absolute values as far as the activity or activity concentration is concerned. For example, one can refer to low activity in the case of radiocarbon dating, where the concentration of 14C is actually lower than its natural concentration, and also in the case of radon monitoring where, especially in mines or in some enclosed spaces, its concentration may be several thousand times higher than the outdoor "atural" concentrations. Emphasis is now being placed on the analysis of naturally occurring radionuclides in the environment or on the release of radionuclides from their different man-made sources because liquid and aerial discharge level controls have become more rigorous. In addition, the applicability of low-level methodology increases the extent of different radionuclide applications considerably. Since individual radionuclides differ in their decay scheme and particles emitted as well in their energies, there is no universal method for the accurate measurement of all radioactive sources. Moreover, there is usually a mixture of radionuclides in a sample, causing some difficulties in a selective evaluation of a given radionuclide. Due to the random nature of radioactive disintegrations, the appropriate interpretation of the experimental results would be, in most cases, impossible without elaborate statistical treatment and evaluation of the data obtained. Thanks to the availability of computer-based instrumentation, the measuring data can be, in most cases, processed and evaluated on-line, which makes it possible to control and optimize the experiment in order to extract the maximum amount of information carried by the detector response. The purpose of this book is to provide an introduction to low-level radioactivity assessment and to clarify the nature of its sources, as well as the principal methods used in its measurement. Our evaluation is concentrated on the present-day aspects of low-level methodology. The book may be useful for all who need highly sensitive analysis of natural or artificial radioactivity both within and outside the nuclear field. The attempt of this book is to summarize the sources of environmental radioactivity and their possible radiological impact in terms of resulting doses to the population, and to present a sound review of the measuring methods and techniques for the evaluation of low-level radioactivities encountered in both the environment and in a number of applications where radioactive sources are used as a means of obtaining important information.

Radioactive Particles in the Environment

Radioactive Particles in the Environment
Author: Deborah Oughton,Valery Kashparov
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 279
Release: 2009-07-31
ISBN: 9048129494
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radioactive Particles in the Environment Book Excerpt:

Radioactive particles have been released to the environment from a number of sources, including nuclear weapon tests, nuclear accidents and discharges from nuclear installations. Particle characteristics influence the mobility, biological uptake and effects of radionuclides, hence information on these characteristics is essential for assessing environmental impact and risks. This publication presents a series of papers covering sources and source term characterisation, methodologies for characterizing particles, and the impact of particles on the behaviour of radioactive particles in the environment. Sources covered include the Chernobyl accident, nuclear weapons accidents at Thule and Palomares accident, the discharges from Dounreay and Krashnoyarsk, and depleted uranium in Kosovo and Kuwait. The overall aim is that an increased understanding of particle characteristics and behavior will help to reduce some of the uncertainties in environmental impact and risk assessment for particle contaminated areas.

Radioactivity in the environment a companion series to the Journal of Environmental Radioactivity

Radioactivity in the environment   a companion series to the Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
Author: [Anonymus AC03135998]
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2001
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radioactivity in the environment a companion series to the Journal of Environmental Radioactivity Book Excerpt:

Environmental Radioactivity

Environmental Radioactivity
Author: Merril Eisenbud
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 542
Release: 1973
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Nuclear energy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Radioactivity Book Excerpt:

This book provides an account of biological and physical information on nuclear power and its potential environmental impact.

Radioecology Lectures In Environmental Radioactivity

Radioecology  Lectures In Environmental Radioactivity
Author: E Holm
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 364
Release: 1994-08-31
ISBN: 981455085X
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radioecology Lectures In Environmental Radioactivity Book Excerpt:

These lectures presented by experts from the Nordic countries are collected with the purpose of education in the field of environmental radioactivity. The book may be used in university courses on, eg., health physics and environmental science. Administrators and managers of environmental programmes may also find useful background information.The book covers all important aspects of environmental radioactivity such as source terms, atmospheric transport, processes in aquatic and terrestrial systems, radiochemistry and measurement techniques, radioactivity in man, modeling and assessment of absorbed doses.The Nordic Committee for Nuclear Safety Research, NKS, organises joint research programmes such as the above lectures to strive for a better understanding in the Nordic countries of factors influencing nuclear safety, radiation protection and emergency provisions.

Radioactivity in the Marine Environment

Radioactivity in the Marine Environment
Author: M. Waldichuk,National Research Council (U.S.). Panel on Radioactivity in the Marine Environment
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 28
Release: 1971
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Marine biology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radioactivity in the Marine Environment Book Excerpt:

Environmental Radioactivity and Emergency Preparedness

Environmental Radioactivity and Emergency Preparedness
Author: Mats Isaksson,Christopher L. Raaf
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 650
Release: 2017-01-06
ISBN: 1482244659
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Radioactivity and Emergency Preparedness Book Excerpt:

Radioactive sources such as nuclear power installations can pose a great threat to both humans and our environment. How do we measure, model and regulate such threats? Environmental Radioactivity and Emergency Preparedness addresses these topical questions and aims to plug the gap in the lack of comprehensive literature in this field. The book explores how to deal with the threats posed by different radiological sources, including those that are lost or hidden, and the issues posed by the use of such sources. It presents measurement methods and approaches to model and quantify the extent of threat, and also presents strategies for emergency preparedness, such as strategies for first-responders and radiological triage in case an accident should happen. Containing the latest recommendations and procedures from bodies such as the IAEA, this book is an essential reference for both students and academicians studying radiation safety, as well as for radiation protection experts in public bodies or in the industry.

Radioactivity Transfer in Environment and Food

Radioactivity Transfer in Environment and Food
Author: Fokion K Vosniakos
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 148
Release: 2012-04-26
ISBN: 3642287417
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radioactivity Transfer in Environment and Food Book Excerpt:

The book deals with various consequences of major nuclear accidents, such as in 1986 in Chernobyl and in 2011 in Fukushima. The public is extremely interested in learning more about the movements and risks posed by radiation in the environment related to food supply and food safety. Radionuclides are found in air, water, soil and even in us not only after nuclear accidents because they occur also in nature. Every day, we ingest and inhale radionuclides in our air and food and the water. This book provides a solid underpinning of the basic physical-chemistry and biogeochemistry of naturally occurring and anthrop radioactivity. The mechanisms of radioactive element transfer in the atmosphere, tropospheric and stratospheric diffusion of radioactivity, environmental contamination from accidents and the impact of atmospheric pollution on the food chain, soil and plants, are analyzed and the analytical methods are illustrated. The question of natural radioactivity concentration in building materials is addressed too. While the book contains many case studies and data for Greece, it is of general value. It contributes to the development of international environmentally safe standards and economically reasonable standard regulations based on justified radiological, social and economical legislation concepts.

A Criteria Digest on Radioactivity in the Environment

A Criteria Digest on Radioactivity in the Environment
Author: National Research Council of Canada. Associate Committee on Scientific Criteria for Environmental Quality,H. C. Rothschild
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 53
Release: 1973
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Ecology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Criteria Digest on Radioactivity in the Environment Book Excerpt:

Radioactivity in the Environment

Radioactivity in the Environment
Author: Laurie Wirt
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 23
Release: 1994
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Little Colorado River (N.M. and Ariz. )
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radioactivity in the Environment Book Excerpt:

Radioactivity in the Environment

Radioactivity in the Environment
Author: Vlado Valkovic
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 696
Release: 2000-09-26
ISBN: 0080540244
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radioactivity in the Environment Book Excerpt:

Numerous sources of ionizing radiation can lead to human exposure: natural sources, nuclear explosions, nuclear power generation, use of radiation in medical, industrial and research purposes, and radiation emitting consumer products. Before assessing the radiation dose to a population one requires a precise knowledge of the activity of a number of radionuclides. The basis for the assessment of the dose to a population from a release of radioactivity to the environment, the estimation of the potential clinical heath effects due to the dose received and, ultimately, the implementation of countermeasures to protect the population, is the measurement of radioactive contamination in the environment after the release. It is the purpose of this book to present the facts about the presence of radionuclides in the environment, natural and man made. There is no aspect of radioactivity, which has marked the passing century, not mentioned or discussed in this book.