Radiocarbon User S Handbook

Author by : Richard Gillespie
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford Univ School of Archaeology
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Radiocarbon User S Handbook

Author by : Richard Gillespie
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 52
Total Download : 253
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Radiocarbon Users Handbook

Author by : Richard Gillespie
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 53
Total Download : 136
File Size : 43,8 Mb
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British And Irish Archaeology

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Manchester University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 28
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Handbook Of Archaeological Methods

Author by : Herbert D. G. Maschner
Languange : en
Publisher by : Rowman Altamira
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 35
Total Download : 114
File Size : 51,9 Mb
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Description : The Handbook of Archaeological Methods comprises 37 articles by leading archaeologists on the key methods used by archaeologists in the field, in analysis, in theory building, and in managing cultural resources. The book is destined to become the key reference work for archaeologists and their advanced students on contemporary archaeological methods.


Radiocarbon Dating

Author by : Sheridan Bowman
Languange : en
Publisher by : Univ of California Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 25
Total Download : 429
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Description : "Radiocarbon Dating is a unique handbook that should find its way as a standard reference for most archaeologists."--Meyer Rubin, Director, Radiocarbon Laboratory, United States Geological Survey


Radiocarbon Dating

Author by : R Taylor
Languange : en
Publisher by : Elsevier
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 72
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Description : Radiocarbon Dating: An Archaeological Perspective provides a review of some of the major advances and accomplishments of the 14C method from an archaeological perspective. The text also provides an introduction to some of the problems and issues involved in the use of 14C data in archaeological studies. The book covers topics in radiocarbon dating, including the elements of the radiocarbon method; definition of major anomalies and the different effects of the 14C method; and sample, sample pretreatment, and measurement techniques. The evaluation of radiocarbon data and the historical development of radiocarbon dating as a method that aids in archaeological studies are also discussed. The text is recommended for archaeologists who want to know more about the theories and principles behind radiocarbon dating, its techniques, and its application in their field. The book will also be good for physicists who want to work with archaeologists and apply their knowledge in radiocarbon dating.


Radiocarbon Dating Second Edition

Author by : R.E. Taylor
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 51
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Description : This volume is a major revision and expansion of Taylor’s seminal book Radiocarbon Dating: An Archaeological Perspective. It covers the major advances and accomplishments of the 14C method in archaeology and analyzes factors that affect the accuracy and precision of 14C-based age estimates. In addition to reviewing the basic principles of the method, it examines 14C dating anomalies and means to resolve them, and considers the critical application of 14C data as a dating isotope with special emphasis on issues in Old and New World archaeology and late Quaternary paleoanthropology. This volume, again a benchmark for 14C dating, critically reflects on the method and data that underpins, in so many cases, the validity of the chronologies used to understand the prehistoric archaeological record.


Coastal Themes

Author by : Sean Ulm
Languange : en
Publisher by : ANU E Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 65
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Description : Archeology; Aboriginal australians; Antiquities; Queensland; Australia.


Data Journeys In The Sciences

Author by : Sabina Leonelli
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Nature
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 57
Total Download : 999
File Size : 54,7 Mb
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Description : This groundbreaking, open access volume analyses and compares data practices across several fields through the analysis of specific cases of data journeys. It brings together leading scholars in the philosophy, history and social studies of science to achieve two goals: tracking the travel of data across different spaces, times and domains of research practice; and documenting how such journeys affect the use of data as evidence and the knowledge being produced. The volume captures the opportunities, challenges and concerns involved in making data move from the sites in which they are originally produced to sites where they can be integrated with other data, analysed and re-used for a variety of purposes. The in-depth study of data journeys provides the necessary ground to examine disciplinary, geographical and historical differences and similarities in data management, processing and interpretation, thus identifying the key conditions of possibility for the widespread data sharing associated with Big and Open Data. The chapters are ordered in sections that broadly correspond to different stages of the journeys of data, from their generation to the legitimisation of their use for specific purposes. Additionally, the preface to the volume provides a variety of alternative “roadmaps” aimed to serve the different interests and entry points of readers; and the introduction provides a substantive overview of what data journeys can teach about the methods and epistemology of research.


Carbon Isotope Techniques

Author by : David C. Coleman
Languange : en
Publisher by : Academic Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 93
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Description : Carbon Isotope Techniques deals with the use of carbon isotopes in studies of plant, soil, and aquatic biology. Topics covered include photosynthesis/translocation studies in terrestrial ecosystems; carbon relationships of plant-microbial symbioses; microbe/plant/soil interactions; and environmental and aquatic toxicology. Stable carbon isotope ratios of natural materials are also considered. Comprised of 15 chapters, this book begins with an introduction to radiation-counting instruments used in measuring the radioactivity in soil and plant samples containing carbon-14. The discussion then turns to the basic methods of 14C use in plant science, highlighted by three examples of applications in the field of plant physiology and ecology. Subsequent chapters explore the use of carbon isotope techniques for analyzing the carbon relationships of plant-microbial symbioses; the interactions of microbes, plants, and soils; and the degradation of herbicides and organic xenobiotics. Carbon dating and bomb carbon are also described. The final section is devoted to the uses and procedures for 13C and 11C. This monograph is intended for advanced undergraduate or graduate students, as well as generalist scientists who have not previously used radioisotopes or stable isotopes in their research.


What S Changing Population Size Or Land Use Patterns

Author by : Val Attenbrow
Languange : en
Publisher by : ANU E Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 48
Total Download : 674
File Size : 45,6 Mb
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Description : The Upper Mangrove Creek catchment was an ideal locality in which to undertake field investigation into Aboriginal use of the coastal hinterland. The area, 101 square kilometres in size, is rich in sites that provided significant archaeological evidence of Aboriginal use of the coastal hinterland. The catchment became the focus of major archaeological salvage work in the late 1970s, prior to the construction of the Mangrove Creek Dam. Further research, undertaken by Val Attenbrow, on the total catchment expanded upon the results of earlier work. This monograph describes the later research project and summarises the salvage program results. This evidence is used by the author to explore current research issues relating to the interpretation of the mid- to late-Holocene archaeological record in Australia, particularly quantitative changes relating to population numbers and aspects of human behaviour, such as risk management, subsistence, mobility and land-use patterns.


The Science Of Paintings

Author by : W.Stanley Jr. Taft
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 72
Total Download : 663
File Size : 52,5 Mb
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Description : The physics and materials science behind paintings: the pigments, binders, canvas, and varnish that go into making a painting appear the way it does. The text discusses the physical principles behind the colors seen and how these change with illumination, the various types of paint and binders used in both old and modern paintings, and the optics and microscopic structure of paint films. Chapters on dating, binders, and dendochronology have been contributed by experts in the respective fields.


Evidential Reasoning In Archaeology

Author by : Robert Chapman
Languange : en
Publisher by : Bloomsbury Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 31
Total Download : 127
File Size : 54,7 Mb
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Description : How do archaeologists work with the data they identify as a record of the cultural past? How are these data collected and construed as evidence? What is the impact on archaeological practice of new techniques of data recovery and analysis, especially those imported from the sciences? To answer these questions, the authors identify close-to-the-ground principles of best practice based on an analysis of examples of evidential reasoning in archaeology that are widely regarded as successful, contested, or instructive failures. They look at how archaeologists put old evidence to work in pursuit of new interpretations, how they construct provisional foundations for inquiry as they go, and how they navigate the multidisciplinary ties that make archaeology a productive intellectual trading zone. This case-based approach is predicated on a conviction that archaeological practice is a repository of considerable methodological wisdom, embodied in tacit norms and skilled expertise – wisdom that is rarely made explicit except when contested, and is often obscured when questions about the status and reach of archaeological evidence figure in high-profile crisis debates.


Archaeology The Key Concepts

Author by : Colin Renfrew
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 67
Total Download : 229
File Size : 52,6 Mb
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Description : From two of the best-known archaeological writers in the trade, this outstanding resource provides a thorough survey of the key ideas in archaeology, and how they impact on archaeological thinking and method. Clearly written, and easy to follow, Archaeology: The Key Concepts collates entries written specifically by field specialists, and each entry offers a definition of the term, its origins and development, and all the major figures involved in the area. The entries include: thinking about landscape archaeology of cult and religion cultural evolution concepts of time urban societies the antiquity of humankind archaeology of gender feminist archaeology experimental archaeology multiregional evolution. With guides to further reading, extensive cross-referencing, and accessibly written for even beginner students, this book is a superb guide for anyone studying, teaching, or with any interest in this fascinating subject.


The Early Neolithic Of The Eastern Fertile Crescent

Author by : Roger Matthews
Languange : en
Publisher by : Central Zagros Archaeological
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 56
Total Download : 938
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Description : Analysis of the transition to sedentary farming in the Fertile Crescent and the establishment of Neolithic culture based on major excavations in Iraq.


Companion Encyclopedia Of Archaeology

Author by : Graeme Barker
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 34
Total Download : 430
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Description : This comprehensive, fully illustrated Companion answers the need for an in-depth archaeology reference that provides authoritative coverage of this complex and interdisciplinary field. The work brings together the myriad strands and the great temporal and spatial breadth of the field into two thematically organized volumes. In twenty-six authoritative and clearly-written essays, this Companion explores the origins, aims, methods and problems of archaeology. Each essay is written by a scholar of international standing and illustrations complement the text.


The Holocene

Author by : Neil Roberts
Languange : en
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 43
Total Download : 265
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Description : The Holocene provides students, researchers and lay-readers with the remarkable story of how the natural world has been transformed since the end of the last Ice Age around 15,000 years ago. This period has witnessed a shift from environmental changes determined by natural forces to those dominated by human actions, including those of climate and greenhouse gases. Understanding the environmental changes - both natural and anthropogenic - that have occurred during the Holocene is of crucial importance if we are to achieve a sustainable environmental future. Revised and updated to take full account of the most recent advances, the third edition of this classic text includes substantial material on the scientific methods that are used to reconstruct and date past environments, as well as new concepts such as the Anthropocene. The book is fully-illustrated, global in coverage, and contains case studies, a glossary and more than 500 new references.


Prehistoric Britain

Author by : Timothy Darvill
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 17
Total Download : 392
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Description : Britain has been inhabited by humans for over half a million years, during which time there were a great many changes in lifestyles and in the surrounding landscape. This book, now in its second edition, examines the development of human societies in Britain from earliest times to the Roman conquest of AD 43, as revealed by archaeological evidence. Special attention is given to six themes which are traced through prehistory: subsistence, technology, ritual, trade, society, and population. Prehistoric Britain begins by introducing the background to prehistoric studies in Britain, presenting it in terms of the development of interest in the subject and the changes wrought by new techniques such as radiocarbon dating, and new theories, such as the emphasis on social archaeology. The central sections trace the development of society from the hunter-gatherer groups of the last Ice Age, through the adoption of farming, the introduction of metalworking, and on to the rise of highly organized societies living on the fringes of the mighty Roman Empire in the 1st century AD. Throughout, emphasis is given to documenting and explaining changes within these prehistoric communities, and to exploring the regional variations found in Britain. In this way the wealth of evidence that can be seen in the countryside and in our museums is placed firmly in its proper context. It concludes with a review of the effects of prehistoric communities on life today. With over 120 illustrations, this is a unique review of Britain's ancient past as revealed by modern archaeology. The revisions and updates to Prehistoric Britain ensure that this will continue to be the most comprehensive and authoritative account of British prehistory for those students and interested readers studying the subject.


Science Based Dating In Archaeology

Author by : M.J. Aitken
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 77
Total Download : 531
File Size : 49,5 Mb
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Description : Archaeologists and archaeology students have long since needed an authoritative account of the techniques now available to them, designed to be understood by non-scientists. This book fills the gap and it offers a two-tier approach to the subject. The main text is a coherent introduction to the whole field of science-based dating, written in plain langauge for non-scientists. Additional end-notes, however, offer a a more technical understanding, and cater for those who have a scientific and mathematical background.


Cosmic Rays In The Earth S Atmosphere And Underground

Author by : Lev I. Dorman
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 82
Total Download : 204
File Size : 43,7 Mb
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Description : The present monograph as well as the next one (Dorman, M2005) is a result of more than 50 years working in cosmic ray (CR) research. After graduation in December 1950 Moscow Lomonosov State University (Nuclear and Elementary Particle Physics Division, the Team of Theoretical Physics), my supervisor Professor D. I. Blokhintsev planned for me, as a winner of a Red Diploma, to continue my education as an aspirant (a graduate student) to prepare for Ph. D. in his very secret Object in the framework of what was in those time called the Atomic Problem. To my regret the KGB withheld permission, and I, together with other Jewish students who had graduated Nuclear Divisions of Moscow and Leningrad Universities and Institutes, were faced with a real prospect of being without any work. It was our good fortune that at that time there was being brought into being the new Cosmic Ray Project (what at that time was also very secret, but not as secret as the Atomic Problem), and after some time we were directed to work on this Project. It was organized and headed by Prof. S. N. Vernov (President of All-Union Section of Cosmic Rays) and Prof. N. V. Pushkov (Director of IZMIRAN); Prof. E. L. Feinberg headed the theoretical part of the Project.


Climate Change In Deserts

Author by : Martin Williams
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 67
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Description : A synthesis of the environmental and climatic history of every major desert and desert margin, for researchers and advanced students.


The Oxford Companion To Archaeology

Author by : Brian M. Fagan
Languange : en
Publisher by : Oxford University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 57
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Description : When we think of archaeology, most of us think first of its many spectacular finds: the legendary city of Troy, Tutankhamun's golden tomb, the three-million-year-old footprints at Laetoli, the mile-high city at Machu Picchu, the cave paintings at Lascaux. But as marvelous as these discoveries are, the ultimate goal of archaeology, and of archaeologists, is something far more ambitious. Indeed, it is one of humanity's great quests: to recapture and understand our human past, across vast stretches of time, as it was lived in every corner of the globe. Now, in The Oxford Companion to Archaeology, readers have a comprehensive and authoritative overview of this fascinating discipline, in a book that is itself a rare find, a treasure of up-to-date information on virtually every aspect of the field. The range of subjects covered here is breathtaking--everything from the domestication of the camel, to Egyptian hieroglyphics, to luminescence dating, to the Mayan calendar, to Koobi Fora and Olduvai Gorge. Readers will find extensive essays that illuminate the full history of archaeology--from the discovery of Herculaneum in 1783, to the recent finding of the "Ice Man" and the ancient city of Uruk--and engaging biographies of the great figures in the field, from Gertrude Bell, Paul Emile Botta, and Louis and Mary Leakey, to V. Gordon Childe, Li Chi, Heinrich Schliemann, and Max Uhle. The Companion offers extensive coverage of the methods used in archaeological research, revealing how archaeologists find sites (remote sensing, aerial photography, ground survey), how they map excavations and report findings, and how they analyze artifacts (radiocarbon dating, dendrochronology, stratigraphy, mortuary analysis). Of course, archaeology's great subject is humanity and human culture, and there are broad essays that examine human evolution--ranging from our early primate ancestors, to Australopithecus and Cro-Magnon, to Homo Erectus and Neanderthals--and explore the many general facets of culture, from art and architecture, to arms and armor, to beer and brewing, to astronomy and religion. And perhaps most important, the contributors provide insightful coverage of human culture as it has been expressed in every region of the world. Here entries range from broad overviews, to treatments of particular themes, to discussions of peoples, societies, and particular sites. Thus, anyone interested in North America would find articles that cover the continent from the Arctic to the Eastern woodlands to the Northwest Coast, that discuss the Iroquois and Algonquian cultures, the hunters of the North American plains, and the Norse in North America, and that describe sites such as Mesa Verde, Meadowcraft Rockshelter, Serpent Mound, and Poverty Point. Likewise, the coverage of Europe runs from the Paleolithic period, to the Bronze and Iron Age, to the Post-Roman era, looks at peoples such as the Celts, the Germans, the Vikings, and the Slavs, and describes sites at Altamira, Pompeii, Stonehenge, Terra Amata, and dozens of other locales. The Companion offers equally thorough coverage of Africa, Europe, North America, Mesoamerica, South America, Asia, the Mediterranean, the Near East, Australia and the Pacific. And finally, the editors have included extensive cross-referencing and thorough indexing, enabling the reader to pursue topics of interest with ease; charts and maps providing additional information; and bibliographies after most entries directing readers to the best sources for further study. Every Oxford Companion aspires to be the definitive overview of a field of study at a particular moment of time. This superb volume is no exception. Featuring 700 articles written by hundreds of respected scholars from all over the world, The Oxford Companion to Archaeology provides authoritative, stimulating entries on everything from bog bodies, to underwater archaeology, to the Pyramids of Giza and the Valley of the Kings.


Fossil Plants And Spores

Author by : Tim P. Jones
Languange : en
Publisher by : Geological Society of London
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 28
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File Size : 53,9 Mb
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Handbook For British And Irish Archaeology

Author by : Cherry Lavell
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 96
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File Size : 43,9 Mb
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Description : Where can I find an amateur archaeological society to join? How can I find out more about a particular aspect of archaeology? Which are the most useful available texts in this field? Which Universities run archaeology courses? If you have ever asked or been asked any of the above questions, then this is the book for you - a one-stop, truly comprehensive, dedicated and reliable sourcebook for archaeology. In one volume the Handbook offers an astonishingly wide range of up-to-date information, including: Lists of organisations, national societies and special interest groups within archaeology and contributory disciplines A catalogue of finding aids such as printed bibliographies, dictionaries, map lists and record office directories A guide to grant sources Lists of archaeological touring guides Bibliography of books offering starting points for almost any topic encountered in archaeology With a full subject and author index to help the reader navigate the information, this Handbookis the most comprehensive guide to sources and resources available in British and Irish Archaeology.


The Archaeology Of Early Historic South Asia

Author by : F. R. Allchin
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 20
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Description : A study of the cities and states of South Asia between c.800BC and AD 250.


Chemical Science And Conservation

Author by : David Burgess
Languange : en
Publisher by : Macmillan International Higher Education
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 71
Total Download : 405
File Size : 50,7 Mb
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Description : A wide range of human artefacts, such as paper, textiles, glass and ceramics, are subject to steady continuous deterioration from a variety of sources. Increasing interest is being taken in the scientific investigation of causes and remedies for these phenomena. Each chapter in this volume deals with one such artefact and illustrates the origin of deterioration, restoration techniques and subsequent preservation. The final chapter looks at recent developments in preservation techniques.


The View From Madisonville

Author by : Penelope B. Drooker
Languange : en
Publisher by : University of Michigan Museum
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 28
Total Download : 435
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Science And The Past

Author by : Sheridan Bowman
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 43
Total Download : 728
File Size : 51,6 Mb
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Description : Ceramics - Glass - Metalwork - Tracing to source - Questions of chronology - Fakes - Computerising the collections.