Rational Points And Arithmetic Of Fundamental Groups

Author by : Jakob Stix
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Publisher by : Springer
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Description : The section conjecture in anabelian geometry, announced by Grothendieck in 1983, is concerned with a description of the set of rational points of a hyperbolic algebraic curve over a number field in terms of the arithmetic of its fundamental group. While the conjecture is still open today in 2012, its study has revealed interesting arithmetic for curves and opened connections, for example, to the question whether the Brauer-Manin obstruction is the only one against rational points on curves. This monograph begins by laying the foundations for the space of sections of the fundamental group extension of an algebraic variety. Then, arithmetic assumptions on the base field are imposed and the local-to-global approach is studied in detail. The monograph concludes by discussing analogues of the section conjecture created by varying the base field or the type of variety, or by using a characteristic quotient or its birational analogue in lieu of the fundamental group extension.


The Arithmetic Of Fundamental Groups

Author by : Jakob Stix
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
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Description : In the more than 100 years since the fundamental group was first introduced by Henri Poincaré it has evolved to play an important role in different areas of mathematics. Originally conceived as part of algebraic topology, this essential concept and its analogies have found numerous applications in mathematics that are still being investigated today, and which are explored in this volume, the result of a meeting at Heidelberg University that brought together mathematicians who use or study fundamental groups in their work with an eye towards applications in arithmetic. The book acknowledges the varied incarnations of the fundamental group: pro-finite, l-adic, p-adic, pro-algebraic and motivic. It explores a wealth of topics that range from anabelian geometry (in particular the section conjecture), the l-adic polylogarithm, gonality questions of modular curves, vector bundles in connection with monodromy, and relative pro-algebraic completions, to a motivic version of Minhyong Kim's non-abelian Chabauty method and p-adic integration after Coleman. The editor has also included the abstracts of all the talks given at the Heidelberg meeting, as well as the notes on Coleman integration and on Grothendieck's fundamental group with a view towards anabelian geometry taken from a series of introductory lectures given by Amnon Besser and Tamás Szamuely, respectively.


Rational Points And Arithmetic Of Fundamental Groups

Author by : Jakob Stix
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
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Total Read : 48
Total Download : 525
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Description : The section conjecture in anabelian geometry, announced by Grothendieck in 1983, is concerned with a description of the set of rational points of a hyperbolic algebraic curve over a number field in terms of the arithmetic of its fundamental group. While the conjecture is still open today in 2012, its study has revealed interesting arithmetic for curves and opened connections, for example, to the question whether the Brauer-Manin obstruction is the only one against rational points on curves. This monograph begins by laying the foundations for the space of sections of the fundamental group extension of an algebraic variety. Then, arithmetic assumptions on the base field are imposed and the local-to-global approach is studied in detail. The monograph concludes by discussing analogues of the section conjecture created by varying the base field or the type of variety, or by using a characteristic quotient or its birational analogue in lieu of the fundamental group extension.


Non Abelian Fundamental Groups And Iwasawa Theory

Author by : John Coates
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
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Description : Number theory currently has at least three different perspectives on non-abelian phenomena: the Langlands programme, non-commutative Iwasawa theory and anabelian geometry. In the second half of 2009, experts from each of these three areas gathered at the Isaac Newton Institute in Cambridge to explain the latest advances in their research and to investigate possible avenues of future investigation and collaboration. For those in attendance, the overwhelming impression was that number theory is going through a tumultuous period of theory-building and experimentation analogous to the late 19th century, when many different special reciprocity laws of abelian class field theory were formulated before knowledge of the Artin–Takagi theory. Non-abelian Fundamental Groups and Iwasawa Theory presents the state of the art in theorems, conjectures and speculations that point the way towards a new synthesis, an as-yet-undiscovered unified theory of non-abelian arithmetic geometry.


Representations Of Fundamental Groups Of Algebraic Varieties

Author by : Kang Zuo
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
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Description : Using harmonic maps, non-linear PDE and techniques from algebraic geometry this book enables the reader to study the relation between fundamental groups and algebraic geometry invariants of algebraic varieties. The reader should have a basic knowledge of algebraic geometry and non-linear analysis. This book can form the basis for graduate level seminars in the area of topology of algebraic varieties. It also contains present new techniques for researchers working in this area.


Higher Dimensional Varieties And Rational Points

Author by : Károly Jr. Böröczky
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
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Description : Exploring the connections between arithmetic and geometric properties of algebraic varieties has been the object of much fruitful study for a long time, especially in the case of curves. The aim of the Summer School and Conference on "Higher Dimensional Varieties and Rational Points" held in Budapest, Hungary during September 2001 was to bring together students and experts from the arithmetic and geometric sides of algebraic geometry in order to get a better understanding of the current problems, interactions and advances in higher dimension. The lecture series and conference lectures assembled in this volume give a comprehensive introduction to students and researchers in algebraic geometry and in related fields to the main ideas of this rapidly developing area.


Galois Groups And Fundamental Groups

Author by : Tamás Szamuely
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
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Description : Assuming little technical background, the author presents the strong analogies between these two concepts starting at an elementary level.


Arithmetic Fundamental Groups And Noncommutative Algebra

Author by : Karen Redrobe Beckman
Languange : en
Publisher by : American Mathematical Soc.
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Description : The arithmetic and geometry of moduli spaces and their fundamental groups are a very active research area. This book offers a complete overview of developments made over the last decade. The papers in this volume examine the geometry of moduli spaces of curves with a function on them. The main players in Part 1 are the absolute Galois group $G_{\mathbb Q}$ of the algebraic numbers and its close relatives. By analyzing how $G_{\mathbb Q}$ acts on fundamental groups defined by Hurwitz moduli problems, the authors achieve a grand generalization of Serre's program from the 1960s.Papers in Part 2 apply $\theta$-functions and configuration spaces to the study of fundamental groups over positive characteristic fields. In this section, several authors use Grothendieck's famous lifting results to give extensions to wildly ramified covers. Properties of the fundamental groups have brought collaborations between geometers and group theorists. Several Part 3 papers investigate new versions of the genus 0 problem. In particular, this includes results severely limiting possible monodromy groups of sphere covers. Finally, Part 4 papers treat Deligne's theory of Tannakian categories and arithmetic versions of the Kodaira-Spencer map. This volume is geared toward graduate students and research mathematicians interested in arithmetic algebraic geometry.


Arithmetic L Functions And Differential Geometric Methods

Author by : Pierre Charollois
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Nature
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Description : This book is an outgrowth of the conference Regulators IV: An International Conference on Arithmetic L-functions and Differential Geometric Methods that was held in Paris in May 2016. Gathering contributions by leading experts in the field ranging from original surveys to pure research articles, this volume provides comprehensive coverage of the front most developments in the field of regulator maps. Key topics covered are: Additive polylogarithms ; Analytic torsions ; Chabauty-Kim theory ; Local Grothendieck-Riemann-Roch theorems ; Periods ; Syntomic regulator. The book contains contributions by M. Asakura, J. Balakrishnan, A. Besser, A. Best, F. Bianchi, O. Gregory, A. Langer, B. Lawrence, X. Ma, S. Müller, N. Otsubo, J. Raimbault, W. Raskin, D. Rössler, S. Shen, N. Triantafi llou, S. Ünver and J. Vonk.


Mathematics Unlimited 2001 And Beyond

Author by : Björn Engquist
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
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Description : This is a book guaranteed to delight the reader. It not only depicts the state of mathematics at the end of the century, but is also full of remarkable insights into its future de- velopment as we enter a new millennium. True to its title, the book extends beyond the spectrum of mathematics to in- clude contributions from other related sciences. You will enjoy reading the many stimulating contributions and gain insights into the astounding progress of mathematics and the perspectives for its future. One of the editors, Björn Eng- quist, is a world-renowned researcher in computational sci- ence and engineering. The second editor, Wilfried Schmid, is a distinguished mathematician at Harvard University. Likewi- se the authors are all foremost mathematicians and scien- tists, and their biographies and photographs appear at the end of the book. Unique in both form and content, this is a "must-read" for every mathematician and scientist and, in particular, for graduates still choosing their specialty. Limited collector's edition - an exclusive and timeless work. This special, numbered edition will be available until June 1, 2000. Firm orders only.


Arithmetic Geometry Cryptography And Coding Theory

Author by : Stéphane Ballet
Languange : en
Publisher by : American Mathematical Soc.
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Description : This volume contains the proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Arithmetic, Geometry, Cryptography and Coding Theory (AGC2T-17), held from June 10–14, 2019, at the Centre International de Rencontres Mathématiques in Marseille, France. The conference was dedicated to the memory of Gilles Lachaud, one of the founding fathers of the AGC2T series. Since the first meeting in 1987 the biennial AGC2T meetings have brought together the leading experts on arithmetic and algebraic geometry, and the connections to coding theory, cryptography, and algorithmic complexity. This volume highlights important new developments in the field.


Progress In Galois Theory

Author by : Helmut Voelklein
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
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Description : The theme of this book are the interactions between group theory and algebra/geometry/number theory, showing ubiquity and power of the basic principle of Galois theory. The book presents recent developments in a major line of work about covers of the projective line (and other curves), their fields of definition and parameter spaces, and associated questions about arithmetic fundamental groups. This is intimately tied up with the Inverse Problem of Galois Theory, and uses methods of algebraic geometry, group theory and number theory.


Rational Points On Varieties

Author by : Bjorn Poonen
Languange : en
Publisher by : American Mathematical Soc.
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Description : This book is motivated by the problem of determining the set of rational points on a variety, but its true goal is to equip readers with a broad range of tools essential for current research in algebraic geometry and number theory. The book is unconventional in that it provides concise accounts of many topics instead of a comprehensive account of just one—this is intentionally designed to bring readers up to speed rapidly. Among the topics included are Brauer groups, faithfully flat descent, algebraic groups, torsors, étale and fppf cohomology, the Weil conjectures, and the Brauer-Manin and descent obstructions. A final chapter applies all these to study the arithmetic of surfaces. The down-to-earth explanations and the over 100 exercises make the book suitable for use as a graduate-level textbook, but even experts will appreciate having a single source covering many aspects of geometry over an unrestricted ground field and containing some material that cannot be found elsewhere.


Higher Dimensional Geometry Over Finite Fields

Author by : Dmitri Kaledin
Languange : en
Publisher by : IOS Press
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Description : Number systems based on a finite collection of symbols, such as the 0s and 1s of computer circuitry, are ubiquitous in the modern age. Finite fields are the most important such number systems, playing a vital role in military and civilian communications through coding theory and cryptography. These disciplines have evolved over recent decades, and where once the focus was on algebraic curves over finite fields, recent developments have revealed the increasing importance of higher-dimensional algebraic varieties over finite fields. The papers included in this publication introduce the reader to recent developments in algebraic geometry over finite fields with particular attention to applications of geometric techniques to the study of rational points on varieties over finite fields of dimension of at least 2.


On Congruence Monodromy Problems

Author by : Yasutaka Ihara
Languange : en
Publisher by : World Scientific Publishing Company
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Symplectic 4 Manifolds And Algebraic Surfaces

Author by : Denis Auroux
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
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Description : Modern approaches to the study of symplectic 4-manifolds and algebraic surfaces combine a wide range of techniques and sources of inspiration. Gauge theory, symplectic geometry, pseudoholomorphic curves, singularity theory, moduli spaces, braid groups, monodromy, in addition to classical topology and algebraic geometry, combine to make this one of the most vibrant and active areas of research in mathematics. It is our hope that the five lectures of the present volume given at the C.I.M.E. Summer School held in Cetraro, Italy, September 2-10, 2003 will be useful to people working in related areas of mathematics and will become standard references on these topics. The volume is a coherent exposition of an active field of current research focusing on the introduction of new methods for the study of moduli spaces of complex structures on algebraic surfaces, and for the investigation of symplectic topology in dimension 4 and higher.


Cohomology Of Arithmetic Groups

Author by : James W. Cogdell
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
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Description : This book discusses the mathematical interests of Joachim Schwermer, who throughout his career has focused on the cohomology of arithmetic groups, automorphic forms and the geometry of arithmetic manifolds. To mark his 66th birthday, the editors brought together mathematical experts to offer an overview of the current state of research in these and related areas. The result is this book, with contributions ranging from topology to arithmetic. It probes the relation between cohomology of arithmetic groups and automorphic forms and their L-functions, and spans the range from classical Bianchi groups to the theory of Shimura varieties. It is a valuable reference for both experts in the fields and for graduate students and postdocs wanting to discover where the current frontiers lie.


Arithmetic Geometry Cryptography And Coding Theory

Author by : Gilles Lachaud
Languange : en
Publisher by : American Mathematical Soc.
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Description : This volume contains the proceedings of the 11th conference on $\mathrm{AGC^{2}T}$, held in Marseille, France in November 2007. There are 12 original research articles covering asymptotic properties of global fields, arithmetic properties of curves and higher dimensional varieties, and applications to codes and cryptography. This volume also contains a survey article on applications of finite fields by J.-P. Serre. $\mathrm{AGC^{2}T}$ conferences take place in Marseille, France every 2 years. These international conferences have been a major event in the area of applied arithmetic geometry for more than 20 years.


Geometry And Dynamics Of Groups And Spaces

Author by : Mikhail Kapranov
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
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Description : Alexander Reznikov (1960-2003) was a brilliant and highly original mathematician. This book presents 18 articles by prominent mathematicians and is dedicated to his memory. In addition it contains an influential, so far unpublished manuscript by Reznikov of book length. The book further provides an extensive survey on Kleinian groups in higher dimensions and some articles centering on Reznikov as a person.


The Arithmetic And Geometry Of Algebraic Cycles

Author by : B. Brent Gordon
Languange : en
Publisher by : American Mathematical Soc.
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Description : From the June 1998 Summer School come 20 contributions that explore algebraic cycles (a subfield of algebraic geometry) from a variety of perspectives. The papers have been organized into sections on cohomological methods, Chow groups and motives, and arithmetic methods. Some specific topics include logarithmic Hodge structures and classifying spaces; Bloch's conjecture and the K-theory of projective surfaces; and torsion zero-cycles and the Abel-Jacobi map over the real numbers.


Computational Algebraic And Analytic Geometry

Author by : Mika Seppälä
Languange : en
Publisher by : American Mathematical Soc.
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Description : This volume contains the proceedings of three AMS Special Sessions on Computational Algebraic and Analytic Geometry for Low-Dimensional Varieties held January 8, 2007, in New Orleans, LA; January 6, 2009, in Washington, DC; and January 6, 2011, in New Orleans, LA. Algebraic, analytic, and geometric methods are used to study algebraic curves and Riemann surfaces from a variety of points of view. The object of the study is the same. The methods are different. The fact that a multitude of methods, stemming from very different mathematical cultures, can be used to study the same objects makes this area both fascinating and challenging.


Mathematical Reviews

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Groups Combinatorics Geometry

Author by : A. A. Ivanov
Languange : en
Publisher by : World Scientific
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Description : "This book contains the proceedings of the L.M.S. Durham Symposium on Groups, Geometry and Combinatorics, July 16-26, 2001"--P. v.


Modern Cryptography And Elliptic Curves A Beginner S Guide

Author by : Thomas R. Shemanske
Languange : en
Publisher by : American Mathematical Soc.
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Description : This book offers the beginning undergraduate student some of the vista of modern mathematics by developing and presenting the tools needed to gain an understanding of the arithmetic of elliptic curves over finite fields and their applications to modern cryptography. This gradual introduction also makes a significant effort to teach students how to produce or discover a proof by presenting mathematics as an exploration, and at the same time, it provides the necessary mathematical underpinnings to investigate the practical and implementation side of elliptic curve cryptography (ECC). Elements of abstract algebra, number theory, and affine and projective geometry are introduced and developed, and their interplay is exploited. Algebra and geometry combine to characterize congruent numbers via rational points on the unit circle, and group law for the set of points on an elliptic curve arises from geometric intuition provided by Bézout's theorem as well as the construction of projective space. The structure of the unit group of the integers modulo a prime explains RSA encryption, Pollard's method of factorization, Diffie–Hellman key exchange, and ElGamal encryption, while the group of points of an elliptic curve over a finite field motivates Lenstra's elliptic curve factorization method and ECC. The only real prerequisite for this book is a course on one-variable calculus; other necessary mathematical topics are introduced on-the-fly. Numerous exercises further guide the exploration.


Advances On Superelliptic Curves And Their Applications

Author by : L. Beshaj
Languange : en
Publisher by : IOS Press
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Total Read : 18
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Description : This book had its origins in the NATO Advanced Study Institute (ASI) held in Ohrid, Macedonia, in 2014. The focus of this ASI was the arithmetic of superelliptic curves and their application in different scientific areas, including whether all the applications of hyperelliptic curves, such as cryptography, mathematical physics, quantum computation and diophantine geometry, can be carried over to the superelliptic curves. Additional papers have been added which provide some background for readers who were not at the conference, with the intention of making the book logically more complete and easier to read, but familiarity with the basic facts of algebraic geometry, commutative algebra and number theory are assumed. The book is divided into three sections. The first part deals with superelliptic curves with regard to complex numbers, the automorphisms group and the corresponding Hurwitz loci. The second part of the book focuses on the arithmetic of the subject, while the third addresses some of the applications of superelliptic curves.


European Congress Of Mathematics

Author by : Carles Casacuberta
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
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Description : This is the second volume of the proceedings of the third European Congress of Mathematics. Volume I presents the speeches delivered at the Congress, the list of lectures, and short summaries of the achievements of the prize winners as well as papers by plenary and parallel speakers. The second volume collects articles by prize winners and speakers of the mini-symposia. This two-volume set thus gives an overview of the state of the art in many fields of mathematics and is therefore of interest to every professional mathematician.


Algebraic Geometry

Author by : Richard Thomas
Languange : en
Publisher by : American Mathematical Soc.
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Description : This is Part 2 of a two-volume set. Since Oscar Zariski organized a meeting in 1954, there has been a major algebraic geometry meeting every decade: Woods Hole (1964), Arcata (1974), Bowdoin (1985), Santa Cruz (1995), and Seattle (2005). The American Mathematical Society has supported these summer institutes for over 50 years. Their proceedings volumes have been extremely influential, summarizing the state of algebraic geometry at the time and pointing to future developments. The most recent Summer Institute in Algebraic Geometry was held July 2015 at the University of Utah in Salt Lake City, sponsored by the AMS with the collaboration of the Clay Mathematics Institute. This volume includes surveys growing out of plenary lectures and seminar talks during the meeting. Some present a broad overview of their topics, while others develop a distinctive perspective on an emerging topic. Topics span both complex algebraic geometry and arithmetic questions, specifically, analytic techniques, enumerative geometry, moduli theory, derived categories, birational geometry, tropical geometry, Diophantine questions, geometric representation theory, characteristic and -adic tools, etc. The resulting articles will be important references in these areas for years to come.


Mathematics And Its History

Author by : John Stillwell
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Nature
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Description : This textbook provides a unified and concise exploration of undergraduate mathematics by approaching the subject through its history. Readers will discover the rich tapestry of ideas behind familiar topics from the undergraduate curriculum, such as calculus, algebra, topology, and more. Featuring historical episodes ranging from the Ancient Greeks to Fermat and Descartes, this volume offers a glimpse into the broader context in which these ideas developed, revealing unexpected connections that make this ideal for a senior capstone course. The presentation of previous versions has been refined by omitting the less mainstream topics and inserting new connecting material, allowing instructors to cover the book in a one-semester course. This condensed edition prioritizes succinctness and cohesiveness, and there is a greater emphasis on visual clarity, featuring full color images and high quality 3D models. As in previous editions, a wide array of mathematical topics are covered, from geometry to computation; however, biographical sketches have been omitted. Mathematics and Its History: A Concise Edition is an essential resource for courses or reading programs on the history of mathematics. Knowledge of basic calculus, algebra, geometry, topology, and set theory is assumed. From reviews of previous editions: “Mathematics and Its History is a joy to read. The writing is clear, concise and inviting. The style is very different from a traditional text. I found myself picking it up to read at the expense of my usual late evening thriller or detective novel.... The author has done a wonderful job of tying together the dominant themes of undergraduate mathematics.” Richard J. Wilders, MAA, on the Third Edition "The book...is presented in a lively style without unnecessary detail. It is very stimulating and will be appreciated not only by students. Much attention is paid to problems and to the development of mathematics before the end of the nineteenth century.... This book brings to the non-specialist interested in mathematics many interesting results. It can be recommended for seminars and will be enjoyed by the broad mathematical community." European Mathematical Society, on the Second Edition


Moduli Spaces Of Riemann Surfaces

Author by : Benson Farb
Languange : en
Publisher by : American Mathematical Soc.
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Description : Mapping class groups and moduli spaces of Riemann surfaces were the topics of the Graduate Summer School at the 2011 IAS/Park City Mathematics Institute. This book presents the nine different lecture series comprising the summer school, covering a selection of topics of current interest. The introductory courses treat mapping class groups and Teichmüller theory. The more advanced courses cover intersection theory on moduli spaces, the dynamics of polygonal billiards and moduli spaces, the stable cohomology of mapping class groups, the structure of Torelli groups, and arithmetic mapping class groups. The courses consist of a set of intensive short lectures offered by leaders in the field, designed to introduce students to exciting, current research in mathematics. These lectures do not duplicate standard courses available elsewhere. The book should be a valuable resource for graduate students and researchers interested in the topology, geometry and dynamics of moduli spaces of Riemann surfaces and related topics. Titles in this series are co-published with the Institute for Advanced Study/Park City Mathematics Institute. Members of the Mathematical Association of America (MAA) and the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) receive a 20% discount from list price.


The Grothendieck Theory Of Dessins D Enfants

Author by : Leila Schneps
Languange : en
Publisher by : Cambridge University Press
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Description : The various articles here unite all of the basics of the study of dessins d'enfants as well as the most recent advances.