Reinventing Capitalism in the Age of Big Data

Reinventing Capitalism in the Age of Big Data
Author: Viktor Mayer-Schonberger,Thomas Ramge
Publsiher: Hachette UK
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2018-02-22
ISBN: 1473656516
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Reinventing Capitalism in the Age of Big Data Book Excerpt:

Markets have long been acknowledged to be a superior mechanism for managing resources but until the advent of big data, they largely functioned better in theory than in practice. Now, as ideal markets are within reach because of vastly greater access to information, we are on the verge of a major disruption. As data becomes a more valuable asset than cash, the rules for surviving and thriving are changing. Reinventing Capitalism is a provocative look at how data is reinventing markets and, in so doing, is ushering in an era where the firm is no longer predominant. With richer and more comprehensive information about human wants and needs, an economy powered by data offers the possibility of increased abundance, equality, and resilience. The data-driven markets that will thrive in this environment are far better than firms at organizing human endeavors, meaning that finance driven capitalism is being displaced by its more efficient, moresustainable, and more democratic disruptor: data capitalism.

Data Capital

Data Capital
Author: Chunlei Tang
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 376
Release: 2021-01-31
ISBN: 3030601927
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Data Capital Book Excerpt:

This book defines and develops the concept of data capital. Using an interdisciplinary perspective, this book focuses on the key features of the data economy, systematically presenting the economic aspects of data science. The book (1) introduces an alternative interpretation on economists’ observation of which capital has changed radically since the twentieth century; (2) elaborates on the composition of data capital and it as a factor of production; (3) describes morphological changes in data capital that influence its accumulation and circulation; (4) explains the rise of data capital as an underappreciated cause of phenomena from data sovereign, economic inequality, to stagnating productivity; (5) discusses hopes and challenges for industrial circles, the government and academia when an intangible wealth brought by data (and information or knowledge as well); (6) proposes the development of criteria for measuring regulating data capital in the twenty-first century for regulatory purposes by looking at the prospects for data capital and possible impact on future society. Providing the first a thorough introduction to the theory of data as capital, this book will be useful for those studying economics, data science, and business, as well as those in the financial industry who own, control, or wish to work with data resources.

Blockchain for Big Data

Blockchain for Big Data
Author: Shaoliang Peng
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 200
Release: 2021-09-05
ISBN: 1000432823
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Blockchain for Big Data Book Excerpt:

In recent years, the fast-paced development of social information and networks has led to the explosive growth of data. A variety of big data have emerged, encouraging researchers to make business decisions by analysing this data. However, many challenges remain, especially concerning data security and privacy. Big data security and privacy threats permeate every link of the big data industry chain, such as data production, collection, processing, and sharing, and the causes of risk are complex and interwoven. Blockchain technology has been highly praised and recognised for its decentralised infrastructure, anonymity, security, and other characteristics, and it will change the way we access and share information. In this book, the author demonstrates how blockchain technology can overcome some limitations in big data technology and can promote the development of big data while also helping to overcome security and privacy challenges. The author investigates research into and the application of blockchain technology in the field of big data and assesses the attendant advantages and challenges while discussing the possible future directions of the convergence of blockchain and big data. After mastering concepts and technologies introduced in this work, readers will be able to understand the technical evolution, similarities, and differences between blockchain and big data technology, allowing them to further apply it in their development and research. Author: Shaoliang Peng is the Executive Director and Professor of the College of Computer Science and Electronic Engineering, National Supercomputing Centre of Hunan University, Changsha, China. His research interests are high-performance computing, bioinformatics, big data, AI, and blockchain.

Finance Development March 2018

Finance   Development  March 2018
Author: International Monetary Fund. Communications Department
Publsiher: International Monetary Fund
Total Pages: 64
Release: 2018-03-12
ISBN: 1484343417
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Finance Development March 2018 Book Excerpt:

This issue focuses on recent experiences that holds lessons for when to tackle debt and when not to. Growth is picking up, and the IMF has been ratcheting up its forecasts. Government coffers are filling and, with more people at work, demand for public social support is receding. Research shows that the stimulatory effect of fiscal expansion is weak when the economy is close to capacity. Low-income economies may be at greatest risk. Traditionally, they borrowed from official creditors at below-market rates. Higher global rates could divert precious budget resources to debt servicing from crucial infrastructure projects and social services. Raising budget balances toward their medium-term targets can be achieved at little cost to economic activity. Growth-enhancing infrastructure investments and crucial social services such as health and education should be maintained. Well-designed fiscal policy can address inequality and stimulate growth.

Intelligent Systems in Cybernetics and Automation Control Theory

Intelligent Systems in Cybernetics and Automation Control Theory
Author: Radek Silhavy,Petr Silhavy,Zdenka Prokopova
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 342
Release: 2018-08-28
ISBN: 3030001849
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Intelligent Systems in Cybernetics and Automation Control Theory Book Excerpt:

This book presents real-world problems and pioneering research that reflect novel approaches to cybernetics, algorithms and software engineering in the context of intelligent systems. It gathers the peer-reviewed proceedings of the 2nd Computational Methods in Systems and Software 2018 (CoMeSySo 2018), a conference that broke down traditional barriers by being held online. The goal of the event was to provide an international forum for discussing the latest high-quality research results.

Regulatory Insights on Artificial Intelligence

Regulatory Insights on Artificial Intelligence
Author: Findlay, Mark,Ford, Jolyon,Seah, Josephine,Thampapillai, Dilan
Publsiher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2022-06-10
ISBN: 1800880782
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Regulatory Insights on Artificial Intelligence Book Excerpt:

This provocative book investigates the relationship between law and artificial intelligence (AI) governance, and the need for new and innovative approaches to regulating AI and big data in ways that go beyond market concerns alone and look to sustainability and social good.

AI in the Wild

AI in the Wild
Author: Peter Dauvergne
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2020-09-15
ISBN: 0262539330
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

AI in the Wild Book Excerpt:

Examining the potential benefits and risks of using artificial intelligence to advance global sustainability. Drones with night vision are tracking elephant and rhino poachers in African wildlife parks and sanctuaries; smart submersibles are saving coral from carnivorous starfish on Australia's Great Barrier Reef; recycled cell phones alert Brazilian forest rangers to the sound of illegal logging. The tools of artificial intelligence are being increasingly deployed in the battle for global sustainability. And yet, warns Peter Dauvergne, we should be cautious in declaring AI the planet's savior. In AI in the Wild, Dauvergne avoids the AI industry-powered hype and offers a critical view, exploring both the potential benefits and risks of using artificial intelligence to advance global sustainability. Dauvergne finds that corporations and states often use AI in ways that are antithetical to sustainability. The competition to profit from AI is entrenching technocratic management, revving up resource extraction, and turbocharging consumption, as consumers buy new smart devices (and discard their old, less-smart ones). Smart technology is helping farmers grow crops more efficiently, but also empowering the agrifood industry. Moreover, states are weaponizing AI to control citizens, suppress dissent, and aim cyberattacks at rival states. Is there a way to harness the power of AI for environmental and social good? Dauvergne argues for precaution and humility as guiding principles in the deployment of AI.

Don t Be Evil

Don t Be Evil
Author: Rana Foroohar
Publsiher: Penguin UK
Total Pages: 368
Release: 2019-11-07
ISBN: 0241404304
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Don t Be Evil Book Excerpt:

A TIMES BEST CURRENT AFFAIRS BOOK OF THE YEAR The award-winning Financial Times columnist exposes the threat that Big Tech poses to our democracies, our economies and ourselves 'Powerful' Sunday Times Google and Facebook receive 90% of the world's news advertising spend. Amazon takes half of all e-commerce in the US. Google and Apple operating systems run on all but 1% of cell phones globally. And 80% of corporate wealth is now held by 10% of companies - the digital titans. How did these once-idealistic and innovative companies come to manipulate elections, violate our privacy and pose a threat to the fabric of our democracy? Through her skilled reporting and unparalleled access, Rana Foroohar reveals the true extent to which the 'FAANG's (Facebook, Apple, Amazon, Netflix and Google) crush or absorb competitors, hijack our personal data and mental space and offshore their exorbitant profits. What's more, she shows how these threats to our democracies, livelihoods and minds are all intertwined. Yet Foroohar also lays out a plan for how we can resist, creating a framework that fosters innovation while protecting us from the dark side of digital technology. 'A masterful critique' Observer 'Insightful and powerfully argued' Daily Mail 'Essential reading ... whip-smart' Niall Ferguson 'Laser vision and trenchant business analysis' Shoshana Zuboff

Unworkable

Unworkable
Author: Fabio Vighi
Publsiher: SUNY Press
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2022-02-01
ISBN: 1438487274
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Unworkable Book Excerpt:

Explores the slow but inevitable implosion of our world by considering the correlation between capital, work, and ideology.

Smart City Citizenship

Smart City Citizenship
Author: Igor Calzada
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 268
Release: 2020-10-23
ISBN: 0128153016
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Smart City Citizenship Book Excerpt:

Smart City Citizenship provides rigorous analysis for academics and policymakers on the experimental, data-driven, and participatory processes of smart cities to help integrate ICT-related social innovation into urban life. Unlike other smart city books that are often edited collections, this book focuses on the business domain, grassroots social innovation, and AI-driven algorithmic and techno-political disruptions, also examining the role of citizens and the democratic governance issues raised from an interdisciplinary perspective. As smart city research is a fast-growing topic of scientific inquiry and evolving rapidly, this book is an ideal reference for a much-needed discussion. The book drives the reader to a better conceptual and applied comprehension of smart city citizenship for democratised hyper-connected-virialised post-COVID-19 societies. In addition, it provides a whole practical roadmap to build smart city citizenship inclusive and multistakeholder interventions through intertwined chapters of the book. Users will find a book that fills the knowledge gap between the purely critical studies on smart cities and those further constructive and highly promising socially innovative interventions using case study fieldwork action research empirical evidence drawn from several cities that are advancing and innovating smart city practices from the citizenship perspective. Utilises ongoing, action research fieldwork, comparative case studies for examining current governance issues, and the role of citizens in smart cities Provides definitions of new key citizenship concepts, along with a techno-political framework and toolkit drawn from a community-oriented perspective Shows how to design smart city governance initiatives, projects and policies based on applied research from the social innovation perspective Highlights citizen’s perspective and social empowerment in the AI-driven and algorithmic disruptive post-COVID-19 context in both transitional and experimental frameworks

Artificial Intelligence and International Economic Law

Artificial Intelligence and International Economic Law
Author: Shin-yi Peng,Ching-Fu Lin,Thomas Streinz
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2021-09-30
ISBN: 1108844936
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Artificial Intelligence and International Economic Law Book Excerpt:

Examines the interplay between artificial intelligence and international economic law, and its effects on global economic order. This title is also available as Open Access.

Data sharing for digital markets contestability

Data sharing for digital markets contestability
Author: Richard Feasey,Alexandre de Streel
Publsiher: Centre on Regulation in Europe asbl (CERRE)
Total Pages: 98
Release: 2020-09-30
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Data sharing for digital markets contestability Book Excerpt:

As the European Commission is preparing its Data Act, this new CERRE report provides concrete recommendations for effective data sharing governance, more specifically when a party has significant incentives not to share data. The forthcoming data act should provide better incentives to stimulate two forms of data sharing: individual users’ data sharing and bulk data sharing between firms. Data sharing is seen by many as an effective means to safeguard competition in digital markets, allowing smaller players to get access to precious data. The authors of the CERRE report, Richard Feasey and Alexandre de Streel, have analysed current EU rules imposing data sharing and conclude these do not provide the comprehensive governance framework needed for data sharing to effectively take place. “Given the incentives a gatekeeper platform may have not to share data, and the potential for this platform to leverage into other markets, we recommend imposing an obligation to share data”, explain Richard Feasey. “The most important and difficult task for regulators lies in determining the type and scope of data that is to be shared and which organisations should be obliged to share it. We conclude that better incentives and governance are needed to stimulate two forms of data sharing in the EU: data about individuals and bulk data between firms.” Regulating recipients as well as donors Regulation for data sharing should not be viewed as being limited to the oversight of a small number of large platforms that might be obliged to share data. It also requires strict oversight of potentially a very large number of smaller firms that might seek access to such data. Regulators will need to establish an effective and comprehensive system of regulation of both donors and recipients of data to guard against misuse and to ensure trust on all sides. Sharing individual users data Over time, the sharing or porting of data about individual users’ data could accumulate and be used for other purposes. For this reason, the authors recommend that obligations to share data about individual users should be quite extensive and apply to digital platforms which may be described as meeting the ‘gatekeeper minus’ threshold. The report encourages regulators to require the sharing of individual user data without any payment. If high transaction costs and uncertain users’ benefits prevent the effectiveness of this approach, policymakers should consider more radical approaches, such as allowing the use of an ‘opt-out’ option (rather than, the current ‘opt-in’) for the sharing of personal data in order to ensure fair competition in digital markets. The European Commission should consider provisions in the forthcoming Data Act to enable the use of ‘opt-out’ arrangements for the sharing of personal data to preserve market contestability under certain prescribed conditions. Although this may represent some loss of consumer sovereignty over their data, such a trade-off may need to be made if data sharing arrangements are to achieve their aim of ensuring contestability in digital markets. Bulk sharing of user data The competitive impact of the bulk transfer of aggregate user data could be significant since the volume of data to be shared is likely to be very substantial and may represent a significant proportion of the donor platform’s data assets. Since obtaining individual consent from every user would not be feasible in these circumstances, regulators and policymakers should consider other mechanisms to enable the bulk sharing of non-anonymised user data. Alternatively, regulators should consider requiring the platform that controls the data to allow third party access to the full data set so that third parties may train algorithms or otherwise derive the same sorts of insights from the data that are available to the incumbent. Recipients of aggregated data should be required to pay for the data, with the payment varying according to the volume and value of the data being shared (and not simply the costs of implementing the data sharing arrangements or storing the data). The primary concern here is to preserve incentives for both parties in the sharing arrangement to innovate and invest in existing or new digital services to acquire additional data for themselves. The Commission should undertake a study to consider how regulators would establish wholesale prices for data that was to be shared. The challenge ahead European policymakers should consider legislative changes with the Data Act to enable the sharing of personal data on an ‘opt-out’ basis under certain narrowly prescribed circumstances and to ensure contestability in digital markets. Finally, data sharing remedies that the report considers arise from the assumption that digital platforms will continue to derive significant market power from their centralised control of big data sets. Regulators and policymakers should also keep an eye on new technologies which might enable a much greater degree of decentralisation and wider distribution of data, thereby removing the very sources of market power which this report has sought to address. This report follows another CERRE research analysing the processes that turn data into economic value for online search, e-commerce and media platforms.

In Data Time and Tide

In Data Time and Tide
Author: Cosimo Accoto
Publsiher: EGEA spa
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2019-02-21T12:35:00+01:00
ISBN: 8899902526
Category: Philosophy
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

In Data Time and Tide Book Excerpt:

A fresh philosophical journey through our programmable world. A visionary map exploring risky and wild territories: the hidden life of software and coding, the emergence of a new data sensorium, the algorithmic power of alien intelligences, the tech shift from archives to prediction machines, the planetary platforms becoming stacks and chains. In five short and provocative essays, this book popularizes new speculations introducing society and business to untold concepts such as feedforward, stack, transduction, elemental, infoviduality. Together with engineer’s and programmer’s narratives of code, data and algos revolution, philosophers have their own creative thinking on current and future technologies. An intriguing philtech guide to our (generative yet vulnerable) digital, artificial and synthetic age. An engaging book for business disruptors, social innovators, policymakers and educators.

Collecting in the Twenty First Century

Collecting in the Twenty First Century
Author: Johannes Endres,Christoph Zeller
Publsiher: Boydell & Brewer
Total Pages: 242
Release: 2022
ISBN: 1571139702
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Collecting in the Twenty First Century Book Excerpt:

An interdisciplinary volume of essays identifying the impact of technology on the age-old cultural practice of collecting as well as the opportunities and pitfalls of collecting in the digital era.

The Birth of Digital Human Rights

The Birth of Digital Human Rights
Author: Rebekah Dowd
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 274
Release: 2021-12-19
ISBN: 3030829693
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Birth of Digital Human Rights Book Excerpt:

This book considers contested responsibilities between the public and private sectors over the use of online data, detailing exactly how digital human rights evolved in specific European states and gradually became a part of the European Union framework of legal protections. The author uniquely examines why and how European lawmakers linked digital data protection to fundamental human rights, something heretofore not explained in other works on general data governance and data privacy. In particular, this work examines the utilization of national and European Union institutional arrangements as a location for activism by legal and academic consultants and by first-mover states who legislated digital human rights beginning in the 1970s. By tracing the way that EU Member States and non-state actors utilized the structure of EU bodies to create the new norm of digital human rights, readers will learn about the process of expanding the scope of human rights protections within multiple dimensions of European political space. The project will be informative to scholar, student, and layperson, as it examines a new and evolving area of technology governance – the human rights of digital data use by the public and private sectors.

Being Digital Citizens

Being Digital Citizens
Author: Engin Isin,Evelyn Ruppert
Publsiher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
Total Pages: 244
Release: 2020-05-27
ISBN: 1786614499
Category: Political Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Being Digital Citizens Book Excerpt:

From the rise of cyberbullying and hactivism to the issues surrounding digital privacy rights and freedom of speech, the Internet is changing the ways in which we govern and are governed as citizens. This book examines how citizens encounter and perform new sorts of rights, duties, opportunities and challenges through the Internet. By disrupting prevailing understandings of citizenship and cyberspace, the authors highlight the dynamic relationship between these two concepts. Rather than assuming that these are static or established “facts” of politics and society, the book shows how the challenges and opportunities presented by the Internet inevitably impact upon the action and understanding of political agency. In doing so, it investigates how we conduct ourselves in cyberspace through digital acts. This book provides a new theoretical understanding of what it means to be a citizen today for students and scholars across the social sciences. This new and updated edition includes two new chapters. A Preface consists of reflections on developments in digital politics since the book was published in 2015. It considers how recent major political struggles over digital technologies and data can be understood in relation to the conceptualization of digital citizens that the book offers. While the Preface positions dominant responses to these struggles such as government regulations as ‘closings’, a new final chapter, Digital citizens-yet-to-come offers examples of ‘openings’ – digital acts such as new forms of data activism that are less recognised but which point to the emergence of paradoxical digital acts that are producing new digital political subjectivities.

Longevity In The 2 0 World Would Centenarians Become Commonplace

Longevity In The 2 0 World  Would Centenarians Become Commonplace
Author: Jean-pierre Fillard
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2019-11-18
ISBN: 9811201188
Category: Self-Help
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Longevity In The 2 0 World Would Centenarians Become Commonplace Book Excerpt:

This book is in no way a medical textbook; it only aims at providing a wide in-depth thinking about the growing life expectancy in the current digital age.With the rising 21st century, flurries of new knowledge and technological opportunities have already merged.Longevity has recently become a major concern in our current societies. This has long been, in no way, a new issue as life expectancy was known to rise noticeably for a long time with improving life conditions, but the present breakthroughs in science and technology of the world 2.0 have led to deep changes in our way of life so that new prospects have surged.Now the leading key words are rejuvenation, juvenescence, ageing reversal or, bluntly, transformed, repaired, improved man.The last part of the book will, tentatively, suggest the consequences and the foreseeable issues such a breakthrough that could afford us in a close future to come.A question has arisen now: would this 100 years wall come down in a foreseeable future, thus opening up the way for a larger part of us to become seamlessly centenarians, instead of some individuals exceptionally favored by Nature, thus far. A kind of centenarian democratization!Related Link(s)

Society and the Internet

Society and the Internet
Author: Mark Graham,William H. Dutton
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 480
Release: 2019-07-18
ISBN: 0198843496
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Society and the Internet Book Excerpt:

This second edition of Society and the Internet provides key readings for students, scholars, and those interested in understanding the interactions of the Internet and society, introducing new and original contributions examining the escalating concerns around social media, disinformation, big data, and privacy. The chapters are grouped into five focused sections: The Internet in Everyday Life; Digital Rights and Human Rights; Networked Ideas, Politics,and Governance; Networked Businesses, Industries, and Economics; and Technological and Regulatory Histories and Futures. This book will be a valuable resource not only for students and researchers, but foranyone seeking a critical examination of the economic, social, and political factors shaping the Internet and its impact on society.

Algorithmic Reason

Algorithmic Reason
Author: Claudia Aradau,Professor of International Politics Claudia Aradau,Distinguished University Professor of Artificial Intelligence Tobias Blanke
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2022-05-07
ISBN: 0192859625
Category: Algorithms
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Algorithmic Reason Book Excerpt:

This book outlines conceptual and methodological tools to understand how algorithmic operations shape the government of self and other. It offers a global trandisciplinary perspective, exploring controversies such as the Cambridge Analytica scandal in the UK, predictive policing in the US, and the use of facial recognition in China.

Democratic Frontiers

Democratic Frontiers
Author: Michael Filimowicz
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 136
Release: 2022-02-09
ISBN: 1000575845
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Democratic Frontiers Book Excerpt:

Democratic Frontiers: Algorithms and Society focuses on digital platforms’ effects in societies with respect to key areas such as subjectivity and self-reflection, data and measurement for the common good, public health and accessible datasets, activism in social media and the import/export of AI technologies relative to regime type. Digital technologies develop at a much faster pace relative to our systems of governance which are supposed to embody democratic principles that are comparatively timeless, whether rooted in ancient Greek or Enlightenment ideas of freedom, autonomy and citizenship. Algorithms, computing millions of calculations per second, do not pause to reflect on their operations. Developments in the accumulation of vast private datasets that are used to train automated machine learning algorithms pose new challenges for upholding these values. Social media platforms, while the key driver of today’s information disorder, also afford new opportunities for organized social activism. The US and China, presumably at opposite ends of an ideological spectrum, are the main exporters of AI technology to both free and totalitarian societies. These are some of the important topics covered by this volume that examines the democratic stakes for societies with the rapid expansion of these technologies. Scholars and students from many backgrounds as well as policy makers, journalists and the general reading public will find a multidisciplinary approach to issues of democratic values and governance encompassing research from Sociology, Digital Humanities, New Media, Psychology, Communication, International Relations and Economics.