Religious Responses To Globalization In Japan

Author by : Christal Whelan
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Description : Abstract: This ethnography examines the impacts of globalization on the emergence, orientation, and transformation of a Japanese New Religion - the God Light Association (GLA) - over the thirty-seven years of its existence. From a popular shamanistic and neo-Buddhist religion where "speaking in tongues" was a central practice, GLA became an increasingly 'rational' and psychologically oriented religion. This shift marked the change in leadership from GLA's founder, Takahashi Shinji, to his daughter, Takahashi Keiko, who sought to attract a growing middle class. These changes reflect a whole generation of "New New Religions" that arose or reached their peak of growth in an era of unprecedented religious pluralism since the mid-1970s. Data for the study include participant observation at GLA's seminars and lectures, weekly attendance at the GLA Kyoto branch study group, archival research, and twenty-four in-depth interviews with members in the elicitation of conversion narratives. The author supplements the case study with comparative field data, based on eighteen months of fieldwork in Japan from 2003-2005, from five additional contemporaneous Japanese New Religions. Japanese new religious movements have arisen in the past 200 years during Japan's transformation from a feudal to a modern society and reflect its encounter with modernity and the West. They function as laboratories for the sampling of new identities, the domestication of alien cultural forms, and the preservation of Japaneseness. They are prime sites for the construction of an alternate modernity---the aspiration to combine the material benefits of modernity with indigenous cultural and religious traditions. This thesis argues that the Japanese New Religions are partially a response to globalization but also to pressures from within Japanese society. The Takahashi's marginalization as members of a socially disadvantaged group of burakumin or "outcastes" increasingly mirrored the anomie of mainstream Japanese. While the existence of New Religions represents a critique of established Buddhism and Shintoism, they are still expected to conform to Japan's broader aesthetic mode of organizing the world. The study demonstrates how this "aesthetic of darkness" was replicated throughout history in various media, and how GLA constructed a counter-aesthetic of light that reflects its modernizing content.


Buddhist Responses To Globalization

Author by : Leah Kalmanson
Languange : en
Publisher by : Lexington Books
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Description : This interdisciplinary collection of essays highlights the relevance of Buddhist doctrine and practice to issues of globalization. From philosophical, religious, historical, and political perspectives, the authors show that Buddhism—arguably the world’s first transnational religion—is a rich resource for navigating todays interconnected world.


Japanese Religions And Globalization

Author by : Ugo Dessì
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Description : This book analyzes the variety of ways through which Japanese religions (Buddhism, Shinto, and new religious movements) contribute to the dynamics of accelerated globalization in recent decades. It looks at how Japanese religions provide material to cultural global flows, thus acting as carriers of globalization, and how they respond to these flows by shaping new glocal identities. The book highlights how, paradoxically, these processes of religious hybridization may be closely intertwined with the promotion of cultural chauvinism. It shows how on the one hand religion in Japan is engaged in border negotiation with global subsystems such as politics, secular education, and science, and how on the other hand, it tries to find new legitimation by addressing pressing global problems such as war, the environmental crisis, and economic disparities left unsolved by the dominant subsystems. A significant contribution to advancing an understanding of modern Japanese religious life, this book is of interest to academics working in the fields of Japanese Studies, Asian history and religion and the sociology of religion.


Japanese Religions And Globalization

Author by : Ugo Dessì
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Description : This book analyzes the variety of ways through which Japanese religions (Buddhism, Shintō, and new religious movements) contribute to the dynamics of accelerated globalization in recent decades. It looks at how Japanese religions provide material to cultural global flows, thus acting as carriers of globalization, and how they respond to these flows by shaping new glocal identities. The book highlights how, paradoxically, these processes of religious hybridization may be closely intertwined with the promotion of cultural chauvinism. It shows how on the one hand religion in Japan is engaged in border negotiation with global subsystems such as politics, secular education, and science, and how on the other hand, it tries to find new legitimation by addressing pressing global problems such as war, the environmental crisis, and economic disparities left unsolved by the dominant subsystems. A significant contribution to advancing an understanding of modern Japanese religious life, this book is of interest to academics working in the fields of Japanese Studies, Asian history and religion and the sociology of religion.


Women In Japanese Religions

Author by : Barbara R. Ambros
Languange : en
Publisher by : NYU Press
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Description : Scholars have widely acknowledged the persistent ambivalence with which the Japanese religious traditions treat women. Much existing scholarship depicts Japan’s religious traditions as mere means of oppression. But this view raises a question: How have ambivalent and even misogynistic religious discourses on gender still come to inspire devotion and emulation among women? In Women in Japanese Religions, Barbara R. Ambros examines the roles that women have played in the religions of Japan. An important corrective to more common male-centered narratives of Japanese religious history, this text presents a synthetic long view of Japanese religions from a distinct angle that has typically been discounted in standard survey accounts of Japanese religions. Drawing on a diverse collection of writings by and about women, Ambros argues that ambivalent religious discourses in Japan have not simply subordinated women but also given them religious resources to pursue their own interests and agendas. Comprising nine chapters organized chronologically, the book begins with the archeological evidence of fertility cults and the early shamanic ruler Himiko in prehistoric Japan and ends with an examination of the influence of feminism and demographic changes on religious practices during the “lost decades” of the post-1990 era. By viewing Japanese religious history through the eyes of women, Women in Japanese Religions presents a new narrative that offers strikingly different vistas of Japan’s pluralistic traditions than the received accounts that foreground male religious figures and male-dominated institutions. Additional Resources


Glocal Religions

Author by : Victor Roudometof
Languange : en
Publisher by : MDPI
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Description : This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Glocal Religions" that was published in Religions


Media And New Religions In Japan

Author by : Erica Baffelli
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Description : The Open Access version of this book, available at www.taylorfrancis.com/books/9781135117849, has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivative 4.0 license. Japanese "new religions" (shinshūkyō) have used various media forms for training, communicating with members, presenting their messages, reinforcing or protecting the image of the leader, and, potentially, attracting converts. In this book the complex and dual relationship between media and new religions is investigated by looking at the tensions groups face between the need for visibility and the risks of facing attacks and criticism through media. Indeed media and new technologies have been extensively used by religious groups not only to spread their messages and to try to reach a wider audience, but also to promote themselves as a highly modern and up-to-date form of religion appropriate for a modern technological age. In 1980s and early 1990s some movements, such as Agonshū , Kōfuku no Kagaku, and Aum Shinrikyō came into prominence especially via the use of media (initially publications, but also ritual broadcasts, advertising campaigns, and public media events). This created new modes of ritual engagement and new ways of interactions between leaders and members. The aim of this book is to develop and illustrate particular key issues in the wider new religions and media nexus by using specific movements as examples. In particular, the analysis of the interaction between media and new religions will focus primarily on three case studies predominantly during the first period of development of the groups.


Dynamism And The Ageing Of A Japanese New Religion

Author by : Erica Baffelli
Languange : en
Publisher by : Bloomsbury Publishing
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Description : This book examines the trajectory and development of the Japanese religious movement Agonshu and its charismatic founder Kiriyama Seiyu. Based on field research spanning 30 years, it examines Agonshu from when it first captured attention in the 1980s with its spectacular rituals and use of media technologies, through its period of stagnation to its response to the death of its founder in 2016. The authors discuss the significance of charismatic leadership, the 'democratisation' of practice and the demands made by movements such as Agonshu on members, while examining how the movement became increasingly focused on revisionist nationalism and issues of Japanese identity. In examining the dilemma that religions commonly face on the deaths of charismatic founders, Erica Baffelli and Ian Reader look at Agonshu's response to Kiriyama's death, looking at how and why it has transformed a human founder into a figure of worship. By examining Agonshu in the wider context, the authors critically examine the concept of 'new religions'. They draw attention to the importance of understanding the trajectories of 'new' religions and how they can become 'old' even within their first generation.


The Global Repositioning Of Japanese Religions

Author by : Ugo Dessi
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Description : The Global Repositioning of Japanese Religions: An Integrated Approach explores how Japanese religions respond to the relativizing effects of globalization, thereby repositioning themselves as global players. Organized around concrete case studies focusing on the engagement of Japanese Buddhism, Shinto, and several new religious movements in areas such as ecology, inter-religious dialogue, and politics, this book shows that the globalization of Japanese religions cannot be explained simply in terms of worldwide institutional expansion. Rather, it is a complex phenomenon conditioned by a set of pervasive factors: changes in consciousness, the perception of affinities and resonances at the systemic and cultural levels, processes of decontextualization, and a wide range of power issues including the re-enactment of cultural chauvinism. The author investigates these dynamics systematically with attention to broader theoretical questions, cross-cultural similarities, the definition of religion and the perils of ethnocentrism, in order to develop his Global Repositioning model, which constitutes an integrated approach to the study of Japanese religions under globalization. An empirically-grounded and theoretically-informed study of the effects of global trends on local religions, this book will appeal to scholars and students with interests in globalization, religious studies, Japanese studies, Hawaii, sociology, anthropology, and ecology.


Handbook Of Ufo Religions

Author by : Anonim
Languange : en
Publisher by : BRILL
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Description : The Handbook of UFO Religions, edited by scholar of new religions Benjamin E. Zeller, offers the most expansive and detailed study of the persistent, popular, and global phenomenon of religious engagements with ideas about extraterrestrial life.


Globalization In The Asian Region

Author by : Gloria Davies
Languange : en
Publisher by : Edward Elgar Publishing
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Description : For anyone seeking a diverse range of perspectives on globalisation in the Asia-Pacific region, this collection of highly readable essays is a good place to start. Focusing on individual countries, the chapters examine the specific modalities of global integration and the responses of different sections of society in each country. The authors address questions of major importance for democratic societies, such as: the connection between globalisation and the rise of religious extremism; whether globalisation is in reality a new form of imperial preference; who the winners and losers are. These are complemented by three short case studies dealing with Indonesia s unrealised potential, foreign investment in China and patterns in the movement of people between Hong Kong and the mainland. The essays provide a rich source of thought-provoking analysis of the complex cultural and political responses arising from both opportunities provided by globalisation and its more negative impacts. Melanie Beresford, Macquarie University, Australia Globalization in the Asian Region draws confident ragged lines across disciplines, themes and the conventional boundaries of scholarship. The range of material in the anthology is astounding. The diversity and admixture of political positions and approaches is confronting. Contemporary Asia is thus mapped without overgeneralizing a homogenous whole. Paul James, RMIT University, Australia This collection of thoughtful essays provides a reliable picture of the dynamic and often ironic operation of globalization in Asia today and challenges individuals to believe that as communities we have a choice in how we respond and contribute to globalization. The editors highlight the multifaceted nature of globalization and bring to the fore its supraterritoriality. A dozen detailed studies make good on these claims from analyses of American militancy since 9-11, terrorism, and poverty, to case studies on Malaysia, Indonesia, India, Australia, New Zealand, Japan, and China. These essays make clear the interactive nature of globalization as various economic, cultural, and political forces pour into Asian societies while the impact of their responses from exports to currency fluctuations to migration flows to transnational religious movements in turn reshape the selfsame globalization process. Timothy Cheek, University of British Columbia, Canada Bringing together contributors from both the university sector and business-centered research institutions, this comprehensive volume offers diverse perspectives on the impacts and consequences of globalization in different parts of the Asian region. Each chapter offers a substantial account of globalization within a particular nation-state or area in the region. Different understandings underpin the chapters. Some contributors perceive globalization as progress in the form of economically driven processes that have made nations mutually dependent in unprecedented and complex ways. Others emphasize the uneven outcomes of globalization, as well as the stakes for economic growth and social order in the global climate of deepening political and religious divisions since September 2001. General and specialist readers alike will gain an appreciation of the myriad emphases placed on globalization within different nations and from various vantage points. The book showcases diverse styles of discourse and serves to greatly broaden the scope of what can be discussed under the rubric of globalization within a single volume.


Religion And Globalization

Author by : Peter Beyer
Languange : en
Publisher by : SAGE
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Description : In his exploration of the interaction between religion and worldwide social and cultural change, the author examines the major theories of global change and discusses the ways in which such change impinges on contemporary religious practice, meaning and influence. Beyer explores some of the key issues in understanding the shape of religion today, including religion as culture and as social system, pure and applied religion, privatized and publicly influential religion, and liberal versus conservative religions. He goes on to apply these issues to five contemporary illustrative cases: the American Christian Right; Liberation Theology movements in Latin America; the Islamic Revolution in Iran; Zionists in Israel; and religiou


Minority Religions And Uncertainty

Author by : Matthew Francis
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Description : Religions are at their core about creating certainty. But what happens when groups lose control of their destiny? Whether it leads to violence, or to nonviolent innovations, as found in minority religions following the death of their founders or leaders, uncertainty and insecurity can lead to great change in the mission and even teachings of religious groups. This book brings together an international range of contributors to explore the uncertainty faced by new and minority religious movements as well as non-religious fringe groups. The groups considered in the book span a range of religious traditions (Christianity, Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam), old and new spiritual formations such as esotericism, New Age and organized new religious movements, as well as non-religious movements including the straight edge movement and the British Union of Fascists. The chapters deal with a variety of contexts, from the UK and US, to Japan and Egypt, with others discussing global movements. While all the authors deal with twentieth- and twenty-first-century movements and issues, several focus explicitly on historical cases or change over time. This wide-ranging, yet cohesive volume will be of great interest to scholars of minority religious movements and non-religious fringe groups working across religious studies, sociology and social psychology.


Southeast Asian Responses To Globalization

Author by : Joakim Ã-jendal
Languange : en
Publisher by : NIAS Press
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Description : This volume sets out to analyze changes in governance processes in Southeast Asia, particularly those relating to democratic development. The volume harbors an ambition to go beyond the often one-dimensional debate on democratization in Asia. With a historical perspective, and with an explicit attempt to view change from within, ten case studies from Southeast Asia are presented that illuminate how processes of governance are being altered under the pressure of accelerating globalization. These are accompanied by a review of how globalization has historically entered the debate on democratization in Southeast Asia, and an analytical conclusion which assesses the findings of the case studies in relation to recent writings on societal change in the region. Contributors: Andrew Aeria, Hans Antlöv, Dewi Fortuna Anwar, Michael Kelly Connors, Saliha Hassan, Chua Beng Huat, Eva-Lotta E. Hedman, Bent Jørgensen, Francis Loh Kok Wah, Carolina Lopez, Joakim Öjendal, Khoo Boo Teik.


United In Discontent

Author by : Julia Suzanne Torrie
Languange : en
Publisher by : Berghahn Books
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Description : "The early twentieth-century advent of aerial bombing made successful evacuations essential to any war effort, but ordinary people resented them deeply. Based on extensive archival research in Germany and France, this is the first broad, comparative study of civilian evacuations in Germany and France during World War II. The evidence uncovered exposes the complexities of an assumed monolithic and all-powerful Nazi state by showing that citizens' objections to evacuations, which were rooted in family concerns, forced changes in policy. Drawing attention to the interaction between the Germans and French throughout World War II, this book shows how policies in each country were shaped by events in the other. A truly cross-national comparison in a field dominated by accounts of one country or the other, this book provides a unique historical context for addressing current concerns about the impact of air raids and military occupations on civilians"--Page 4 of cover.


Globalization And Social Change In Contemporary Japan

Author by : Jeremy Seymour Eades
Languange : en
Publisher by : ISBS
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Total Read : 30
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Description : International scholars specializing in Asian culture and politics, explore the recent changes in Japanese society, arguing in opposition to the traditional belief that Japanese culture is somehow more static than others. Papers examine topics such as international migration, economic globalization, trends in values, women in the workplace, yakuza gangsters, and the art of making Buddhist altars in light of a global economy.


Globalization

Author by : Professor Roland Robertson
Languange : en
Publisher by : SAGE
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Description : A stimulating appraisal of a crucial contemporary theme, this comprehensive analysis of globalizaton offers a distinctively cultural perspective on the social theory of the contemporary world. This perspective considers the world as a whole, going beyond conventional distinctions between the global and the local and between the universal and the particular. Its cultural approach emphasizes the political and economic significance of shifting conceptions of, and forms of participation in, an increasingly compressed world. At the same time the book shows why culture has become a globally contested issue - why, for example, competing conceptions of 'world order' have political and economic consequences.


A Companion To The Anthropology Of Japan

Author by : Jennifer Robertson
Languange : en
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
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Description : This book is an unprecedented collection of 29 original essays by some of the world’s most distinguished scholars of Japan. Covers a broad range of issues, including the colonial roots of anthropology in the Japanese academy; eugenics and nation building; majority and minority cultures; genders and sexualities; and fashion and food cultures Resists stale and misleading stereotypes, by presenting new perspectives on Japanese culture and society Makes Japanese society accessible to readers unfamiliar with the country


Moral Pressure For Responsible Globalization

Author by : Sherrie M. Steiner
Languange : en
Publisher by : BRILL
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Description : In Moral Pressure for Responsible Globalization, Steiner offers an account of religious diplomacy with the G8/G7 and G20 to evoke new possibilities to steer globalization in more equitable and sustainable directions in the Age of the Anthropocene.


Globalization And Democratization In Asia

Author by : Kristina Jonsson
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Description : Globalization is a defining feature of our times, covering everything from economic and political issues to the spread of American culture. Its status is controversial, however with some viewing it as leading to greater development for all, while others see it as a threat to national cultures and democratic political life. This book shows how simplified such binary views are, and examines how various globalizing forces have affected Asian societies. It discusses the relationship between globalization, identity and democratic developments in Asia both theoretically and empirically, and aims to understand how economic, political and social forces interact and are mutually reinforced in Asian societies.


China S Contingencies And Globalization

Author by : Changgang Guo
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Description : How have Chinese views on globalization developed over time? How is China managing the new normal of slower growth? Is China creating an alternative modernity? Is China a status quo power or a reform power? Can China manage its growing international role in international institutions and in the New Development Bank, the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, along with infrastructure projects in the region such as One Belt One Road and the Maritime Silk Road? Can China achieve balanced interactions with ASEAN and with developing countries in the region and worldwide? How is governance in China evolving in relation to social movements, protests, labour struggles and migrant workers? Do Chinese policies in relation to religious diversity contribute to social harmony or to friction? This timely volume by Chinese and international scholars offers diverse perspectives on these questions. This book was originally published as a special issue of Third World Quarterly.


Religion Globalization And Culture

Author by : Peter Beyer
Languange : en
Publisher by : BRILL
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Description : The topic of religion and globalization is complex, susceptible to a great variety of approaches. This book combines contributions from many authors who examine a wide range of subjects ranging from overall theoretical considerations to detailed regional perspectives. No single understanding of either religion or globalization is privileged.


Japan S Response To Globalization

Author by : Siew Yean Tham
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
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Description :


Globalization And Nationalism In Education

Author by : David Coulby
Languange : en
Publisher by : McGraw Hill Professional
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Description : This volume deals with two major and apparently opposing forces within education and society: globalization and nationalism. Globalization is often considered in economic terms - of continued growth of international trade and a concentration of wealth in corporate hands - yet it also encompasses technological, political and cultural change. The World Yearbook of Education 2005 explores the role of the education sector in our globalized knowledge economy, and considers the political implications of this in terms of monopolarity and the cultural consequences of homogenization and Americanization. The other strand of this study - nationalism - remains a persistent force within education and society in all parts of the world, and this volume examines the extent to which it can fuel conflict at all levels through prejudice and intolerance. Concentrating on the epistemological consequences of nationalism, leading international thinkers examine the extent to which it is reflected in the curricula of schools and universities around the world. Finally, the complex relationship between globalization and nationalism is explored, and contributors explore the part that educational institutions and practices play in forming both agendas. A wide range of perspectives are employed, including post-colonial discourse, classical economics and sociological theory. Nationalism and globalization are both ongoing processes, and this volume makes a case for the central role of education in both - through its potential to influence change and to act as benevolent force in shaping a global community.


Asian Worldviews

Author by : Rein Raud
Languange : en
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
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Description : An ambitious comparative introduction to Asian thought, expertly written for undergraduate courses in Asian Studies, Asian philosophy and neighboring disciplines Recent decades have witnessed a sharp increase of interest in the cultures and regions of South and East Asia, owing in part to the prominent role Asian economies have played in the era of globalization. Asian Worldviews: Religions, Philosophies, Political Theories is a unique, reader-friendly introduction to the intellectual heritage of the region. Assuming no previous background in Asian cultural history, Asian Worldviews moves beyond chronological and geographic boundaries to present an integrated treatment of the beliefs, teachings, and ideologies that have shaped the worldviews of approximately half of the global population. Rein Raud explores forms of knowledge in China, India, Tibet, Japan, Korea, and Southeast Asia, providing balanced coverage of all historical periods from antiquity to the modern day. Asian Worldviews embraces the connections rather than the divisions between the religious and philosophical dimensions of South and East Asian thought, and emphasizes a robust engagement with each culture's political, social, and economic contexts. Clear, accessible chapters discuss the development of religious, philosophical, and political thought in India, China, and Japan, and provide succinct overviews of the history of ideas in Korea, Tibet, and Southeast Asia. Throughout the book, Raud uses a comparative approach to examine the mutual influence and productive dialogue, past and present, between Asian cultures as well as with the West, and considers the impact of various worldviews on the development of modern Asian societies. Comprehensive and well-informed by recent developments in the scholarship, Asian Worldviews: Religions, Philosophies, Political Theories is an unparalleled resource for a broad range of courses in Asian studies, philosophy, religious studies, and global politics, as well as an excellent introduction for non-specialist readers looking for a contextual foothold in the rich cultural and intellectual history of South and East Asia.


Globalization In Southeast Asia

Author by : Shinji Yamashita
Languange : en
Publisher by : Berghahn Books
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Description : This book examines society in contemporary Southeast Asia with detailed case studies drawn from countries across the region, including Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand. At the macro-level these include studies of nation-building and the incorporation of minorities. At the micro-level they range from studies of popular ......


The Future Of Protestant Religious Education In An Age Of Globalization

Author by : Hyun-Sook Kim
Languange : en
Publisher by : Waxmann Verlag
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Total Read : 35
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Description : Global developments have come to shape our lives, economically, culturally, and even religiously. Young people growing up in a global age have to be prepared for living in this age. Economic and technological demands are important, but there also is a need for personal and social orientations that go beyond them. This book provides both insights into the Protestant tradition in education as well as its meaning for the future of the church, for society and for individual persons. It follows an innovative approach by combining perspectives from three different contexts - Germany with its important Protestant starting points in the Reformation, the United States as a country which has been strongly influenced by Protestantism, and South Korea with its comparatively young Protestant tradition. The book is based on a combination of international points of view, on transnational cooperation, on comparative insights, and on making constant reference to a global horizon. Its presentations and ideas not only address globalization as a driving force behind many future developments, but also demonstrate an exercise of global educational thinking. Hyun-Sook Kim is professor of Christian Education at the College of Theology, Yonsei University, Korea.


Post Secular Society

Author by : Gustaaf Geeraerts
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
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Description : Post-Secular Society argues for several characteristics of the secular: the experience of living in a secular age and the experience of living without religion as a normal condition. Religion in the West is often seen as marked by both innovation and disarray. In spite of differing approaches and perspectives of secularization, rational choice and de-secularization, many scholars agree that the West is experiencing a general "resurgence" of religion across most Western societies. Post-Secular Society discusses the changes in religion related to globalization and New Age forms of popular religion. The contributors review religion that is rooted in the globalized political economy and the relationship of post-secularism to popular consumer culture. Also reviewed is innovative discourse as a religious belief system, theories of the post-secular, religious, and spiritual well-being, and healing practices in Finland and environmentalism. This paperback edition includes a new preface by Peter Nynas.