Description : The Italian Renaissance culminated between the years 1494 and 1530. The figures examined in this classic volume illustrate four key figures representing the moral life of the period. The usual picture of that period is one of exuberant energy and positive achievement. Roeder reminds us that it was also one of moral travail and misery. Its triumphs are preserved in art, its reverses in its spiritual story. Both were the product of the same source: the period's spiritual vitality. The book is written with a sharp eye for detail, and no less, a keen appreciation of what made the Italian Renaissance a gold mine in ideas no less than in art and literature. In the broadest sense, the Italian Renaissance can be described as one of those crises in cultural affairs that bursts accepted codes and allows for the free expression of instinct and experience in human conduct. Roeder notes that such special moments are not accomplished without resistance or completed without reaction. In Italy, the struggle was peculiarly acute because of the high civilization achieved and the intense individualism it generated. It was a period in which unbridled individualism came face-to-face with civilization and a cherished humanity. The brief period of 1494 to 1530 marked the pinnacle of the Italian Renaissance's artistic development and the crisis of its religious, political, and social disintegration. In the lives of the four protagonists examined in this period, Roeder traces how they complemented as well as conflicted with each other. These four lawgivers sought to deal with the lawlessness of nature and its emphasis on chance and freedom, as well as the need to master the physical world and the life of the spirit. They did so by the uses of intelligence, by appeals to the moral compass embodied by the law, and in the spirit of nationalism and patriotism. This is an unusually provocative effort written on a large canvas of four larger-than-life figures.
Description : This book, based on extensive archival and historical work, identifies and brings to light additional and littlerecognized intellectual influences on Frye, and analyzes how they informed his thought. These are variously major thinkers, sets of texts, and intellectual traditions: the Mahayana Sutras, Machiavelli, Rabelais, Boehme, Hegel, Coleridge, Carlyle, Mill, Jane Ellen Harrison and Elizabeth Fraser. In each chapter, dedicated to Frye’s connection to a specific influence, Denham describes how Frye became acquainted with each, and how he interpreted and adapted certain ideas from them to help work out his own conceptual systems. Denham offers insights on Frye’s relationship with his historical and intellectual contexts, provides valuable additional context for understanding the work of one of the 20th century’s leading scholars of literature and culture. Includes over 20 photos, tables and figures, as well as a chapter on Frye’s personal relationship with Elizabeth Fraser.
Description : This book's underlying claim is that English Renaissance tragedy addresses live issues in the experience of readers and spectators today: it is not a genre to be studied only for aesthetic or “heritage” reasons. The book considers the way in which tragedy in general, and English Renaissance tragedy in particular, addresses ideas of freedom, understood both from an individual and a sociopolitical perspective. Tragedy since the Greeks has addressed the constraints and necessities to which human life is subject (Fate, the gods, chance, the conflict between state and individual) as well as the human desire for autonomy and self-direction. In short, English Renaissance Tragedy: Ideas of Freedom shows how the tragic drama of Shakespeare's age addresses problems of freedom, slavery, and tyranny in ways that speak to us now.