Research and Development on Genetic Resources

Research and Development on Genetic Resources
Author: Evanson Chege Kamau,Gerd Winter,Peter-Tobias Stoll
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 394
Release: 2015-06-05
ISBN: 1317511182
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Research and Development on Genetic Resources Book Excerpt:

National implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) provisions has yielded enough challenges for providers and users of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge alike. The Nagoya Protocal brings novel ideas for resolving the challenges plaguing the Access and Benefit-Sharing (ABS) process in general and non-commercial research in particular. This is one of the first books to address research cooperation and facilitated access for non-commercial biodiversity research. It uniquely offers concrete and practicable solutions based on experiences of researchers and administrative officials with ABS, and on the interpretation of the Nagoya Protocol on how free and lively taxonomic research can be ensured while at the same time observing obligations of obtaining prior informed consent and sharing of benefits. This book will be useful to students of International Environmental Law, International Biodiversity Law, Intellectual Property Law, Climate Law and Law of Indigenous Populations. With foreword from Executive Secretary CBD, Braulio Ferreira de Souza Dias.

Research and Development on Genetic Resources

Research and Development on Genetic Resources
Author: Evanson Chege Kamau,Gerd Winter,Peter-Tobias Stoll
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 394
Release: 2015-06-05
ISBN: 1317511174
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Research and Development on Genetic Resources Book Excerpt:

National implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) provisions has yielded enough challenges for providers and users of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge alike. The Nagoya Protocal brings novel ideas for resolving the challenges plaguing the Access and Benefit-Sharing (ABS) process in general and non-commercial research in particular. This is one of the first books to address research cooperation and facilitated access for non-commercial biodiversity research. It uniquely offers concrete and practicable solutions based on experiences of researchers and administrative officials with ABS, and on the interpretation of the Nagoya Protocol on how free and lively taxonomic research can be ensured while at the same time observing obligations of obtaining prior informed consent and sharing of benefits. This book will be useful to students of International Environmental Law, International Biodiversity Law, Intellectual Property Law, Climate Law and Law of Indigenous Populations. With foreword from Executive Secretary CBD, Braulio Ferreira de Souza Dias.

The Market for Genetic Resources

The Market for Genetic Resources
Author: Arthur Adams Small
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 224
Release: 1998
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Agricultural biotechnology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Market for Genetic Resources Book Excerpt:

Leeway to Operate With Plant Genetic Resources

Leeway to Operate With Plant Genetic Resources
Author: Rodomiro Ortiz,Dennis Eriksson,Richard Gerardus Franciscus Visser,Humberto Prieto,Juan Antonio Vives-Vallés
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2020-10-08
ISBN: 2889660087
Category: Nature
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Leeway to Operate With Plant Genetic Resources Book Excerpt:

Marine Genetic Resources R D and the Law 1

Marine Genetic Resources  R D and the Law 1
Author: Bleuenn Guilloux
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 302
Release: 2018-09-05
ISBN: 1786302241
Category: Nature
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Marine Genetic Resources R D and the Law 1 Book Excerpt:

Advances in research and development reveal the immense diversity and potential of marine genetic resources. Under international law, no specific regime applies to these complex and paradoxical objects of use. The Law of the Sea Convention sets a framework that is partly inadequate for this new category of resources. The Biodiversity Convention and the Nagoya Protocol only address the genetic resources of national areas. Patents allow their holder to exercise a monopoly on exploiting biotechnological creations to extensive claims, questioning the common nature of biodiversity and related knowledge. They hinder research and the objectives of biodiversity law. The legal and practical rules of physical and functional access vary in geometry. They focus on the valorization of research results, crystallizing conflicts of interest between suppliers and users. Sustainable research and development is essential to the knowledge and protection of marine biodiversity. The qualification of marine genetic resources in common, standard contractual tools, distributed research and development infrastructures, negotiation of an agreement on sustainable use and conservation of biodiversity beyond the limits of national jurisdiction, would To remove these inconsistencies.

Marine Genetic Resources R D and the Law 1

Marine Genetic Resources  R D and the Law 1
Author: Bleuenn Guilloux
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 302
Release: 2018-06-21
ISBN: 111952816X
Category: Nature
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Marine Genetic Resources R D and the Law 1 Book Excerpt:

Advances in research and development reveal the immense diversity and potential of marine genetic resources. Under international law, no specific regime applies to these complex and paradoxical objects of use. The Law of the Sea Convention sets a framework that is partly inadequate for this new category of resources. The Biodiversity Convention and the Nagoya Protocol only address the genetic resources of national areas. Patents allow their holder to exercise a monopoly on exploiting biotechnological creations to extensive claims, questioning the common nature of biodiversity and related knowledge. They hinder research and the objectives of biodiversity law. The legal and practical rules of physical and functional access vary in geometry. They focus on the valorization of research results, crystallizing conflicts of interest between suppliers and users. Sustainable research and development is essential to the knowledge and protection of marine biodiversity. The qualification of marine genetic resources in common, standard contractual tools, distributed research and development infrastructures, negotiation of an agreement on sustainable use and conservation of biodiversity beyond the limits of national jurisdiction, would To remove these inconsistencies.

The Second Report on the State of the World s Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture

The Second Report on the State of the World   s Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture
Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publsiher: Food & Agriculture Org.
Total Pages: 399
Release: 2010-01-01
ISBN: 9251065349
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Second Report on the State of the World s Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture Book Excerpt:

Plant genetic resources provide a basis for food security, livelihood support and economic development as a major component of biodiversity. The Second Report on the State of the World’s Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture demonstrates the central role plant genetic diversity continues to play in shaping agriculture growth in the face of climate change and other environmental challenges. It is based on information gathered from Country Reports, regional syntheses, thematic studie s and scientific literature, documenting the major achievements made in this sector during the past decade and identifying the critical gaps and needs that should urgently be addressed. The Report provides the decision-makers with a technical basis for updating the Global Plan of Action on Conservation and Sustainable Use of Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. It also aims to attract the attention of the global community to set priorities for the effective management of plant genet ic resources for the future. Purchase a print copy.

THE SECOND REPORT ON THE STATE OF THE WORLD s ANIMAL GENETIC RESOURCES FOR FOOD AND AGRICULTURE

THE SECOND REPORT ON THE STATE OF THE WORLD   s ANIMAL GENETIC RESOURCES FOR FOOD AND AGRICULTURE
Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publsiher: Food & Agriculture Org.
Total Pages: 606
Release: 2018-06-06
ISBN: 9251088209
Category: Social Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

THE SECOND REPORT ON THE STATE OF THE WORLD s ANIMAL GENETIC RESOURCES FOR FOOD AND AGRICULTURE Book Excerpt:

Animal genetic resource diversity underpins the supply livestock products and services across a wide range of production environments. It promotes resilience and serves as a basis for adapting livestock management to changing conditions. It is vital to livelihoods of many of the world’s poor people. It can contribute to the delivery of ecosystem services such as landscape management and the maintenance of wildlife habitats. However, it is often undervalued, underused and under threat. This report updates the global assessment provided in the first report on The State of the World’s Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, published in 2007. It focuses particularly on changes that have occurred during the period since the first report was published. It serves as a basis for a review, and potential update, of the Global Plan of Action for Animal Genetic Resources, which since 2007 has provided an agreed international framework for the management of livestock biodiversity. Drawing on 129 country reports, it presents an analysis of the state of livestock diversity, the influence of livestock-sector trends on the management of animal genetic resources, the state of capacity to manage animal genetic resources, including legal and policy frameworks, and the state of the art in tools and methods for characterization, valuation, use, development and conservation.

Report of the Workshop Marine Genetic Resources in Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction

Report of the Workshop Marine Genetic Resources in Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2019
ISBN: 9789276095002
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Report of the Workshop Marine Genetic Resources in Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction Book Excerpt:

The European Commission convened a workshop on “Marine genetic resources in areas beyond national jurisdiction: bridging policy, law, science and research and development” on the 21st and 22nd May 2019. The focus was on marine genetic resources (MGR) in the context of ongoing negotiations for a new legally binding instrument under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea on the conservation and sustainable use of marine biological diversity of areas beyond national jurisdiction (BBNJ) (General Assembly resolution 72/249). Approximately 90 experts from the fields of science, policy and law, and industry gathered in Brussels to present their experiences with the different aspects related to research and development with MGR, and to join in discussions on these topics with delegates from the UN negotiations on BBNJ. The overarching aim of the workshop was to facilitate the sharing of knowledge and experiences between participants to help bridge the gaps between policy, law, science and research and development (R&D). This workshop also brought together a wide variety of views from developed and developing countries, representing a broad geographical distribution.

Participatory Approaches to the Conservation and Use of Plant Genetic Resources

Participatory Approaches to the Conservation and Use of Plant Genetic Resources
Author: Esbern Friis-Hansen,Bhuwon Ratna Sthapit
Publsiher: Bioversity International
Total Pages: 214
Release: 2000
ISBN: 9290434449
Category: Agriculture
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Participatory Approaches to the Conservation and Use of Plant Genetic Resources Book Excerpt:

Aquaculture development 9 Development of aquatic genetic resources A framework of essential criteria

Aquaculture development  9  Development of aquatic genetic resources  A framework of essential criteria
Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publsiher: Food & Agriculture Org.
Total Pages: 88
Release: 2019-03-13
ISBN: 9251310939
Category: Technology & Engineering
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Aquaculture development 9 Development of aquatic genetic resources A framework of essential criteria Book Excerpt:

Aquatic genetic resources play a crucial role in contributing to global food security and nutrition, as well as to sustainable livelihoods. However, in various international fora, FAO Members have highlighted the limitations and constraints that they face in assessing their national capacities to use, manage and conserve such resources as well as in identifying and monitoring the resources used. The main issues are limited information, inadequate national capacities and expertise, and inadequate legislation and policy frameworks. In recognition of these needs, this framework is a guideline that FAO and FAO Members can use to evaluate the capacities, infrastructures and governance tools of a country regarding the sustainable use of aquatic genetic resources. It will be of use to fish farmers, hatchery people, fisher folk, aquatic genetic resource managers, policy-makers, decision-makers, donors, consumers and academia.

Strategic Framework for Underutilized Plant Species Research and Development

Strategic Framework for Underutilized Plant Species Research and Development
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Bioversity International
Total Pages: 33
Release: 2006
ISBN: 9551560027
Category: Botany, Economic
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Strategic Framework for Underutilized Plant Species Research and Development Book Excerpt:

Economics for the Wilds

Economics for the Wilds
Author: Timothy M. Swanson,Edward Barbier
Publsiher: Island Press
Total Pages: 226
Release: 1992
ISBN: 9781559632126
Category: Business & Economics
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Economics for the Wilds Book Excerpt:

Essays discuss biodiversity, sustainable use of rainforests, wildlife tourism, and illegal exploitation

Advancing banana and plantain R D in Asia and the Pacific Vol 12

Advancing banana and plantain R   D in Asia and the Pacific Vol  12
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Bioversity International
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advancing banana and plantain R D in Asia and the Pacific Vol 12 Book Excerpt:

Access to Genetic Resources and Sustainable Innovation in the Health Industry and Health Research A Colombian Legal Perspective

Access to Genetic Resources and Sustainable Innovation in the Health Industry and Health Research  A Colombian Legal Perspective
Author: Carlos Augusto Conde Gutierrez
Publsiher: U. Externado de Colombia
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2022-01-11
ISBN: 9587905954
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Access to Genetic Resources and Sustainable Innovation in the Health Industry and Health Research A Colombian Legal Perspective Book Excerpt:

Colombia is one of the most biodiverse countries in the world and consequently has sought to employ genetic resources to further both its economic development and technological and scientific advancement. Colombia's implementation of the international regime on access to genetic resources and benefit sharing responds to the interests of the country in employing genetic resources for health research and also for the health industry. However, the relevant Colombian law leaves aside practices and knowledge that emanate from local, indigenous, and Afro-Colombian communities in adding value to biodiversity. Through an interdisciplinary analysis, this book adds a novel country case study to existing international socio-legal literature on the International Regime on Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit Sharing, showing its deficiencies when considered at national and local levels. Further, drawing on a Capability Approach, the book aims to suggest an alternative approach for Colombia, making the normative claim that such an approach would create a more inclusive model of innovation in the use of biodiversity.

Commercialization of Research and Technology

Commercialization of Research and Technology
Author: Nicholas G. Kalaitzandonakes
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 104
Release: 1997
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Agricultural innovations
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Commercialization of Research and Technology Book Excerpt:

The Finnish Yearbook of International Law Vol 26 2016

The Finnish Yearbook of International Law  Vol 26  2016
Author: Tuomas Tiittala
Publsiher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2021-12-16
ISBN: 1509954384
Category: Law
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Finnish Yearbook of International Law Vol 26 2016 Book Excerpt:

The Finnish Yearbook of International Law aspires to honour and strengthen the Finnish tradition in international legal scholarship. Open to contributions from all over the world and from all persuasions, the Finnish Yearbook stands out as a forum for theoretically informed, high-quality publications on all aspects of public international law, including the international relations law of the European Union. The Finnish Yearbook publishes in-depth articles and shorter notes, commentaries on current developments, book reviews and relevant overviews of Finland's state practice. While firmly grounded in traditional legal scholarship, it is open for new approaches to international law and for work of an interdisciplinary nature.

Integrated Coastal Zone Management of Coral Reefs

Integrated Coastal Zone Management of Coral Reefs
Author: Kent Gustavson,Richard M. Huber,H. Jack Ruitenbeek
Publsiher: World Bank Publications
Total Pages: 292
Release: 2000
ISBN: 9780821346280
Category: Science
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Integrated Coastal Zone Management of Coral Reefs Book Excerpt:

"The applied research indicates that, to improve awareness, park education programs should be targeted specifically to the user groups primarily through outreach programs. Further, the Park's management programs should be highlighted, particularly the beneficial, tangible products and services (benefits) the Park provides to each user group... The closer the tie between reef conditions and business earnings, the greater the users' support for reef conservation." Coral reefs are sometimes referred to as "canaries of the sea" because of their early warning ability to show near-shore oceanic stress. Because of their biological diversity, they are also called "rainforests of the sea." Coral reefs are vital to the well being of millions of people. Coral reef managers and government officials trying to save their valuable national resources have turned to research on coral reefs for help. The research presented in this publication merits a great deal of notice because the output is useful for decision support and training tools in integrated coastal zone management (ICZM). The work on cost-effectiveness analysis has developed integrated economic and ecological models, relying extensively on fuzzy logic procedures to model impacts and effects of interventions within the reef environment. By contrast, the marine system valuation work provides economic valuations of coral reefs, demonstrating the use of different modeling methods and treating key policy issues within this context. This publication will interest coastal zone experts and managers worldwide

Towards Policies for Conservation and Sustainable Use of Aquatic Genetic Resources

Towards Policies for Conservation and Sustainable Use of Aquatic Genetic Resources
Author: Roger S. V. Pullin,Devin M. Bartley,J. Kooiman
Publsiher: WorldFish
Total Pages: 277
Release: 1999
ISBN: 9718020039
Category: Aquatic ecology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Towards Policies for Conservation and Sustainable Use of Aquatic Genetic Resources Book Excerpt:

The Custodians of Biodiversity

The Custodians of Biodiversity
Author: Manuel Ruiz,Ronnie Vernooy
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2012-03-15
ISBN: 1136582177
Category: Nature
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Custodians of Biodiversity Book Excerpt:

Globally, local and indigenous approaches to conserving biodiversity, crop improvement, and managing precious natural resources are under threat. Many communities have to deal with 'biopiracy,' for example. As well, existing laws are usually unsuitable for protecting indigenous and traditional knowledge and for recognizing collective rights, such as in cases of participatory plant breeding, where farmers, researchers and others join forces to improve existing crop varieties or develop new ones, based on shared knowledge and resources. This book addresses these issues. It outlines the national and international policy processes that are currently underway to protect local genetic resources and related traditional knowledge and the challenges these initiatives have faced. In particular these themes are addressed within the context of the Convention of Biological Diversity and the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. The authors broaden the policy and legal debates beyond the sphere of policy experts to include the knowledge-holders themselves. These are the 'custodians of biodiversity': farmers, herders and fishers in local communities. Their experience in sharing access and benefits to genetic resources is shown to be crucial for the development of effective national and international agreements. The book presents and analyzes this experience, including case studies from China, Cuba, Honduras, Jordan, Nepal, Peru and Syria. Copublished with the International Development Research Centre (IDRC).