Resource Use Efficiency In Indian Agriculture

Author by : D.P. Takale
Languange : en
Publisher by : Serials Publications
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 20
Total Download : 879
File Size : 41,6 Mb
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Description : Agriculture Is The Largest Sector In Indian Economy. Indian Economy Have To Depend Upon The Development Of Agriculture For Their Economic Development In Order To Meet The Demand For Foodgrains And Raw Materials Of Agro-Base Industries. The Development Of Agricultural Sector Has Direct Impact On The Level Of Farm Income. Therefore, It Is Necessary To Increase Agricultural Production. Agricultural Production Can Be Increased With The Help Of Optimum Use Of Resources. This Book Makes An Indepth Study Of Resource-Use Efficiency In Agricultural Sector. The Study Attempt To Examine How Efficiently The Farmers Are Using Their Resources. The Important Problem Of Increasing Agricultural Production In Any Region Is How To Increase Output Per Unit Of Input. In View Of This, It Is Necessary That The Available Resources Should Be Used Economically And Efficiently. This Book Studied The Allocation Of Resources Among The Crops In The Command Area. The Book Will Certainly Prove Beneficial To The Government, Farmers, Teachers, Students And Researchers.


Resources Use Efficiency In Agriculture

Author by : Sandeep Kumar
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 14
Total Download : 747
File Size : 55,5 Mb
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Description : Achieving zero hunger and food security is a top priority in the United Nations Development Goals (UNDGs). In an era characterized by high population growth and increasing pressure on agricultural systems, efficiency in the use of natural resources has become central to sustainable agricultural practices. Fundamentally speaking, eco-efficiency is about maximizing agricultural outputs, in terms of quantity and quality, using less land, water, nutrients, energy, labor, or capital. The concept of eco-efficiency involves both the ecological and economic aspects of sustainable agriculture. It is therefore essential to understand the interaction of ecosystem constituents within the extensive agricultural landscape, as well as farmers’ economic needs. This book examines the latest eco-efficient practices used in agro-systems. Drawing upon research and examples from around the world, it offers an up-to-date overview, together with insights into directly applicable approaches for poly-cropping systems and landscape-scale management to improve the stability of agricultural production systems, helping achieve food security. The book will be of interest to educators, researchers, climate change scientists, capacity builders and policymakers alike. It can also be used as additional reading material for undergraduate and graduate courses on agriculture, forestry, soil science, and the environmental sciences.


Resource Use Patterns And Resource Use Efficiency In Crop Agriculture

Author by : Arun Kumar Nandi
Languange : en
Publisher by : LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 21
Total Download : 500
File Size : 51,5 Mb
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Description : The rational use of agricultural resources is very crucial for increase in agricultural production, productivity and farm income, for improvement in the living standard of rural masses and for growth with social justice. This book tries to address various issues in crop agriculture and examines resource use patterns and resource use efficiency in West Bengal agriculture where farming system is dominated by the marginal farmers. A modest attempt has been made in this book to measure farm level overall productive efficiency in terms of unit cost of production on application of three sigma rule and specific input-use efficiency based on stochastic frontier production function analysis and curve fitting to reduce the gap between theory and practice in this regard. Efficiency differentials across size groups of farms by different approaches and structural change and labour absorption in agriculture are examined based on aggregated and disaggregated data at secondary and primary levels. Academicians, researchers, and policy makers in the field of agricultural economics will be the beneficiaries of this book.


Input Use Efficiency For Food And Environmental Security

Author by : Rajan Bhatt
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 83
Total Download : 372
File Size : 53,8 Mb
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Description : Ending hunger, achieving food security and promoting sustainable development are at the top of the list of United Nations (UN) sustainable global development priorities. In the times of high population growth and increasing pressure of agricultural systems, efficiency in use of natural resources has been at the epicenter of sustainable agricultural. The concept of ‘Input efficiency’ implies production of high quantity and quality of food, from using only finite natural resources as inputs, in the form of mainly land, water, nutrients, energy, or biological diversity. In this book, editors provide a roadmap to the food, nutritional, and environmental security in the agricultural systems. They share insight into the approaches that can be put in practice for increasing the input use efficiency in the cropping systems and achieve stability and sustainability of agricultural production systems. This book is of interest to teachers, researchers, climate change scientists, capacity builders and policymakers. Also the book serves as additional reading material for undergraduate and graduate students of agriculture, agroforestry, agroecology, and environmental sciences. National and international agricultural scientists, policymakers will also find this to be a useful read.


Perspectives For Agronomy

Author by : M.K. van Ittersum
Languange : en
Publisher by : Elsevier
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 81
Total Download : 321
File Size : 46,5 Mb
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Description : During the 4th ESA-Congress, held in the Netherlands, 7-11 July 1996, a new perspective for agronomy emerged. Various contributions demonstrate the need for a new role of agronomy and its tools. In recent decades, agriculture has evolved from an activity with mainly productivity aims, into an issue conciliating environmental, agricultural, and economic and social objectives. Placing agriculture in such a broadened perspective requires a different agronomy, with new tools and approaches at a range of aggregration levels. It calls for detailed knowledge concerning the functioning, productivity and ecological relationships of agricultural plants and crops. In addition, it calls for a constant update and synthesis of existing and newly generated knowledge, the design of new ideotypes and genotypes, new production technologies, cropping systems, farming systems and agro-ecological land use systems. This proceedings book presents a set of case studies illustrating the various agronomic tools that can be used for specific agronomic questions. The case studies are grouped in sections illustrating relevant subquestions in developing an agriculture with broadened objectives. The book starts with an introductory paper on the role of agronomy in research and education in Europe. The second section deals with agricultural land use, food security and environment. This is followed by a set of papers describing experimental research and modeling approaches used to design new ideotypes of crops, including physiological properties in relation to growth factors such as radiation, CO2, temperature and water. Sustained soil fertility directly links to nutrient cycling and soil organic matter. A selected set of papers addresses the improvements in resource use efficiency and as such their contribution towards economic, environmental and agricultural objectives. The final section addresses the design of integrated and ecological arable farming systems. It highlights the role of prototyping interaction with leading-edge farmers, as promising tools to design, implement and test new farming systems. It is hoped that the activities of the European Society for Agronomy and the Proceedings of its 4th Congress will stimulate to serve the new perspectives of agronomy, i.e. to adopt ecological principles, to optimally manage the use of resources and to meet social and economic objectives.


Policy Guide To Improve Water Use Efficiency In Small Scale Agriculture

Author by : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Languange : en
Publisher by : Food & Agriculture Org.
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 76
Total Download : 387
File Size : 55,5 Mb
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Description : This policy guide is drawn from the results of the FAO Project “Strengthening Agricultural Water Efficiency and Productivity at the African and Global Level” funded by the Swiss Agency for Development and cooperation (SDC). The long term vision of the project was that the in-country findings and processes which are of common nature can be synthesized and scaled up to other countries in a regional cooperation process and globally. This will eventually lead to the increase of investment in Agricultural Water Management (AWM) in the targeted countries – and beyond – that is socially equitable, profitable at the farm level, economically viable, environmentally neutral or positive, and sustainable. The Guide focuses on the specific component of Enhancing Water Use Efficiency at small scale irrigation as one of the major outputs of the project. While creating and implementing Water Use Efficiency (WUE) measures at field level, existing policy frameworks were mapped and analyzed, and recommendations were defined as scalable policy instruments with the aim to demonstrate case-specific experiences to the collectively agreed goal of using water resources efficiently.


Changing Climate And Resource Use Efficiency In Plants

Author by : Amitav Bhattacharya
Languange : en
Publisher by : Academic Press
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 70
Total Download : 282
File Size : 51,9 Mb
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Description : Changing Climate and Resource Use Efficiency in Plants reviews the efficiencies for resource use by crop plants under different climatic conditions. This book focuses on the challenges and potential remediation methods for a variety of resource factors. Chapters deal with the effects of different climatic conditions on agriculture, radiation use efficiency under various climatic conditions, the efficiency of water and its impact on harvest production under restricted soil moisture conditions, nitrogen and phosphorus use efficiency, nitrogen use efficiency in different environmental conditions under the influence of climate change, and various aspects of improving phosphorus use efficiency. The book provides guidance for researchers engaged in plant science studies, particularly Plant/Crop Physiology, Agronomy, Plant Breeding and Molecular Breeding. In addition, it provides valuable insights for policymakers, administrators, plant-based companies and agribusiness companies. Explores climatic effects on agriculture through radiation, water, nitrogen, and phosphorus-use efficiency Guides the planning and research of, and recommendations for, fertilizer application for different crops under various climatic conditions Discusses efficiency improvements for plant and molecular breeders seeking to maximize resource use


Agriculture Productivity In Tunisia Under Stressed Environment

Author by : Faiza Khebour Allouche
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Nature
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 21
Total Download : 628
File Size : 55,7 Mb
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Description : This book highlights recent efforts to sustain agricultural productivity in Tunisia under a stressed environment and aridity conditions. This book's authors gathered a unique set of applications and approaches, including techniques applied to increase yield and preserve the environment, such as organic farming and using biochar amendment and its effects on soils' physicochemical properties. This book also presents water resources management and water management practices for sustainable soil production, diagnosis, and new farming technologies to enhance water-use efficiency. The book also addresses current livestock strategies intended to maintain production sustainability, increase fish productivity, and initiatives for sustainable tourism development. Given its scope, the book offers a valuable guide for policy planners, decision-makers, stakeholders, researchers, and graduate students in Tunisia and neighboring countries with similarly stressed environmental conditions.


Save And Grow

Author by : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Languange : en
Publisher by : Food & Agriculture Org.
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 18
Total Download : 202
File Size : 52,7 Mb
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Description : The book offers a rich toolkit of relevant, adoptable ecosystem-based practices that can help the world's 500 million smallholder farm families achieve higher productivity, profitability and resource-use efficiency while enhancing natural capital.


Biological Efficiency In Agriculture

Author by : C. R. W. Spedding
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 27
Total Download : 380
File Size : 55,9 Mb
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Description : Biological efficiency. Agriculture purposes, products and resources. Adaptation to the environment. The supply of nutrients. Reproduction in plants. Grain production. Pulse crops. Oil crops. Root and tuber production. Leaves, stems and flowers. Fruit and nut crops. Sugar production. Other crop products. Fibre production. Fuel crops. Production from lower plants. Adaptation to the environment. The supply of nutrients. Reproduction in animals. Meat production. Fish production. Egg production. Milk and milk products. Other food products. Non-food animal products. Animals for work. The use of faeces. The relative efficiency of plants and animals.


A Nexus Approach For Sustainable Development

Author by : Stephan Hülsmann
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Nature
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 71
Total Download : 482
File Size : 42,7 Mb
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Description : This book explores how integrated management of environmental resources via a nexus approach can help in achieving the respective Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). It provides conceptual considerations but mainly practical examples on how to implement a nexus approach in cities and multifunctional land-use systems to increase resource use efficiency and develop a low carbon economy. After sketching out the background and conceptual outline, contributions to the book explore key aspects of the nexus implementation. Specifically, they • Demonstrate how to sustainably use organic waste and wastewater for agriculture, • Explore examples on how to manage multifunctional land-use systems including multipurpose reservoirs, • Highlight the importance of economic incentives for successful nexus implementation, and • Provide a comprehensive perspective on challenges and opportunities of implementation, considering peer-to-peer learning, indigenous knowledge, and stakeholder participation. The chapters in this book shed a new light on key aspects of the interrelation between SDGs and the nexus approach in resilient cities and multifunctional land-use systems, and provide specific examples on how to advance sustainable resources management.


Agriculture And Economic Development

Author by : Subrata Ghatak
Languange : en
Publisher by : Unknown
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 64
Total Download : 449
File Size : 45,8 Mb
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Description : Structure and characteristics of agriculture in LDCs; Role of agriculture in economic development; Theory of rent and the concept of "surplus"; Agriculture in dualistic development models; Resource use efficiency and technical change in peasant agriculture; Supply response; Institutional constraints on agricultural development and remedial policies; Population and food supplies; Agriculture and international trade; Planning agricultural development.


Expedition Agroparks

Author by : Peter J.A.M. Smeets
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 51
Total Download : 125
File Size : 43,5 Mb
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Description : This book is the result of several years of expedition into the development of metropolitan FoodClusters. The author's fascination for the agricultural landscapes in and around metropolises led him to the conclusion that improving the efficiency of agriculture is the most effective way to safeguard the quality of such landscapes. The wasteful modes of production developed in the past 150 years have led to a serious decline in both the surface area and the quality of the highly valued landscapes. Closing the loops within the agricultural production system and increasing their productivity is therefore the best remedy to arrest this decline. After analysing the development of agriculture against the background of the urbanisation process in today's network society, the focus shifts to research by design on agroparks. These are spatial clusters of agrofunctions and the related economic activities. Agroparks bring together high-productivity plant-based and animal-based production and processing along industrial lines combined with the input of high levels of knowledge and technology. The cycles of water, minerals and gases are skillfully closed and the use of fossil energy is minimised, particularly by the processing of various flows of waste products and by-products. An agropark may therefore be seen as the application of industrial ecology in the agrosector. The scientific aim of this book is to find answers to the questions of whether agroparks contribute to sustainable development in metropolises, how an agropark is developed and how it must be designed. Under examination are seven designs for agroparks, which were created from 2002 onwards in the Netherlands, China and India.


Resource Use Efficiency In Irrigated Indian Agriculture

Author by : A. P. Kunte
Languange : en
Publisher by : Serials Publications
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 19
Total Download : 818
File Size : 40,7 Mb
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Description : Study on the Upper Penganga Irrigation Project in Yawatmal, Hingoli and Nanded districts of Maharashtra, India.


Economics Of Agricultural Development

Author by : George W. Norton
Languange : en
Publisher by : Routledge
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 95
Total Download : 607
File Size : 45,7 Mb
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Description : Economics of Agricultural Development examines the causes, severity, and effects of poverty, population growth, and malnutrition in developing countries. It discusses potential solutions to these problems, progress made in many countries in recent years, and the implications of globalization for agriculture, poverty, and the environment. Topics covered in the book include: • Means for utilizing agricultural surpluses to further overall economic development • The sustainability of the natural resource environment • Gender issues in relation to agriculture and resource use • The contribution of agricultural technologies • The importance of agricultural and macroeconomic policies as related to development and trade, and the successes and failures of such policies • Actions to encourage more rapid agricultural and economic development The globalization of trade in goods, services, and capital has been fundamental to changes being experienced in the agricultural and rural sectors of developing countries. It has major implications for the fight against poverty and food insecurity and for environmental sustainability. Recently, agriculture has returned to a position of center stage in the development dialog as food price volatility has increased along with water scarcity, and concerns grow over the effects of climate change on food supply and food security. This new edition of the essential textbook in the field builds on the 2010 edition and reflects the following developments: • Growth in foreign demand for land and other natural resources • Significant progress in agricultural and economic development in some low-income countries while others are being left behind • Continued growth in demand for higher-valued farm products This book is essential reading for undergraduate students seeking to understand the economics of agricultural development and the world food system, including environmental and human consequences, international trade, and capital flows. This book contains a wealth of real world case studies, and is accompanied by a website that includes powerpoint lectures, a photo bank, and a large set of discussion and exam questions at http://ecagdev.agecon.vt.edu/.


Improving Water And Nutrient Use Efficiency In Food Production Systems

Author by : Zdenko Rengel
Languange : en
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 19
Total Download : 911
File Size : 41,5 Mb
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Description : Improving Water and Nutrient Use Efficiency in FoodProduction Systems provides professionals, students, and policymakers with an in-depth view of various aspects of water andnutrient us in crop production. The book covers topics related toglobal economic, political, and social issues related to foodproduction and distribution, describes various strategies andmechanisms that increase water and nutrient use efficiency, andreview te curren situation and potential improvements in majorfood-producing systems on each continent. The book also deals withproblems experienced by developed countries separtaely fromproblems facing developing countries. Improving Water and Nutrient Use Efficiency emphasizesjudicious water and nutrient management which is aimed atmaximising water and nutrient utilisation in the agriculturallandscape, and minimising undesirable nutrient losses to theenvironment.


Water And Sustainable Agriculture

Author by : Iván Francisco García-Tejero
Languange : en
Publisher by : Springer Science & Business Media
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Total Read : 75
Total Download : 351
File Size : 47,5 Mb
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Description : Irrigated agriculture, a vital component of general agriculture, supplies fruits, vegetables, and cereals consumed by humans and grains fed to animals. Consequently, agriculture is the largest user of fresh water globally, and irrigation practices in many parts of the world are biologically, economically, and socially unsustainable. Water management should balance the need for agricultural water and the need for a sustainable environment. Water-use efficiency is the prime challenge in worldwide farming practices where problems of water shortages are widespread. Currently, agriculture is undergoing significant changes in innovative irrigation, fertilizer technology, and agronomic expertise. These elements constitute a vital platform for sustainable agricultural success and for preventing environmental damage. This review presents several processes linked to environmental irrigation, balancing environmental protection with improved agricultural production.