Risk and Protective Factors in Schizophrenia

Risk and Protective Factors in Schizophrenia
Author: Wolfram an der Heiden,Johannes Schröder
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2002-11-29
ISBN: 9783798513655
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Risk and Protective Factors in Schizophrenia Book Excerpt:

The present volume contains the lectures of the symposium on 'Risk and Protective Factors in Schizophrenia - towards a conceptual Model of the Disease Process', which was held at the International Science Forum of the University of Heidelberg on October, 2001. The topics of the program were 'Genetic risk factors and gene environment interaction', 'Psychotic and negative symptoms in the general population as risk-factors', 'Etiological risk factors in embryonal life, childhood and adolescence', 'Prepsychotic prodromi and stage models of the development of psychosis', 'Brain development, structural and functional morphology of the early course', 'Urban versus rural life, migration and social chains as causal risk factors?', 'Psychological and neurobiological (estrogen, erythropoietine) protective factors'. The book covers a wide scope of recent research and knowledge about schizophrenia. TOC:Introduction.- Genetic and Population-related Risk Factors.- Developmental Disorders of the Brain.- Environmental Risk Factors.- Indicators of Schizophrenia in Childhood and Adolescence.- Psychopathological Predictors of the Course of Schizophrenia.- Perspectives of Neuroprotective Interventions.- Psychoprotective factors.- Developments and Perspectives.

Risk Factors for Psychosis

Risk Factors for Psychosis
Author: Andrew Thompson,Matthew Broome
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2020-03
ISBN: 9780128132012
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Risk Factors for Psychosis Book Excerpt:

Psychotic disorders affect more than 50 million people worldwide, and they have a devastating effect on individuals' lives and functioning as well as a major financial and emotional impact on families and on society as a whole. The search for risk factors for psychosis has developed rapidly over the past decades, invigorated by changes in the thinking about the malleability and treatability of psychotic disorders. The paradigms for investigating psychosis risk have developed, often in parallel, but there has been no book to date that has summarized and synthesized the current approaches. Risk Factors for Psychosis combines the current related but disparate research endeavors into a single text that considers all risk factors for psychosis, including biological, psychological, and environmental factors. It also introduces the ethics and current treatment evidence that attempts to ameliorate risk or reduce the number of individuals with risk factors developing a psychotic disorder. The book additionally highlights new research paradigms that will further enhance the field in the future. Risk Factors for Psychosis will be required reading for students and researchers in the field of psychosis risk and treatment, and will offer valuable insight for clinicians working with at-risk groups.

Risk Factors for Psychosis

Risk Factors for Psychosis
Author: Andrew Thompson,Matthew Broome
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 456
Release: 2020-02-22
ISBN: 0128132027
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Risk Factors for Psychosis Book Excerpt:

Risk Factors for Psychosis: Paradigms, Mechanisms, and Prevention combines the related, but disparate research endeavors into a single text that considers all risk factors for psychosis, including biological, psychological and environmental factors. The book also introduces the ethics and current treatment evidence that attempts to ameliorate risk or reduce the number of individuals with risk factors developing a psychotic disorder. Finally, the book highlights new research paradigms that will further enhance the field in the future. Psychotic disorders affect more than 50 million people worldwide, creating a devastating effect on lives and causing major financial and emotional impact on families and on society as a whole. The search for risk factors for psychosis has developed rapidly over the past decades, invigorated by changes in the thinking about the malleability and treatability of psychotic disorders. The paradigms for investigating psychosis risk have developed, often in parallel, but there has been no book to date that has summarized and synthesized the current approaches. Integrates research from biological, psychological and environmental factors into a single resource Offers insight into at-risk paradigms, biomarkers, and the current state of research on treatment option for psychosis Presents a holistic and dynamic look at risk syndromes and how they can be measured through neuroimaging, neuropsychology and other methods

First Episode Psychosis

First Episode Psychosis
Author: Katherine J. Aitchison,Robin M. Murray,Patrick J. R. Power,Eva M. Tsapakis
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 152
Release: 1999-02-17
ISBN: 9781853174353
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

First Episode Psychosis Book Excerpt:

The new edition of this popular handbook has been thoroughly updated to include the latest data concerning treatment of first-episode patients. Drawing from their experience, the authors discuss the presentation and assessment of the first psychotic episode and review the appropriate use of antipsychotic agents and psychosocial approaches in effective management.

The First Episode of Psychosis

The First Episode of Psychosis
Author: Michael T Compton,Beth Broussard
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 286
Release: 2009-04-28
ISBN: 0195372492
Category: Health & Fitness
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The First Episode of Psychosis Book Excerpt:

Here is the ideal book for patients experiencing the frightening initial episode of psychosis, which often occurs during late adolescence or early adulthood, and which affects nearly 3% of all people over the course of their lifetime. The book covers a range of disorders, focusing on primary psychotic disorders, clearly describing symptoms, early warning signs, and treatment--information that is essential for patients and families faced with the challenges posed by psychosis. It will help patients and their families to take an active, informed role in their care.

Fast Facts Schizophrenia

Fast Facts  Schizophrenia
Author: Shon W. Lewis,Robert W. Buchanan
Publsiher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Total Pages: 122
Release: 2015-11-09
ISBN: 1908541601
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fast Facts Schizophrenia Book Excerpt:

Schizophrenia is a devastating disorder that starts in early life and can lead to lifelong disability. It is a major public health challenge for all cultures and all countries. Clinical practice must therefore focus on early intervention, optimal treatment, shared decision-making and long-term recovery. "By listening to patients' experiences, alongside the latest research, we now know much more about 'what works'," say the authors of this fully updated fourth edition of 'Fast Facts: Schizophrenia'. In this highly readable resource, they cover the present state of knowledge about the neurobiology, diagnosis and treatment of schizophrenia, including: • emerging evidence from genome-wide association studies for multiple susceptibility genes • DSM-5 diagnostic criteria plus discussion of alternative classification systems • a comprehensive review of drug and non-drug treatment strategies and how to improve adherence • a new management principles chapter that emphasizes the importance of coordinated multidisciplinary care • the latest findings of structural and functional imaging studies. With good care delivered by knowledgeable compassionate health professionals, many people will recover at least partially from their first episode of psychosis and live a fulfilling life. Written from an international perspective, 'Fast Facts: Schizophrenia' will refresh and update family physicians, psychiatrists in training, mental health nurses and medical students - in fact, all health professionals - who need to know about the disorder and need to know it quickly. Contents: • A brief history • Symptoms and diagnosis • Epidemiology: risk factors and outcome • Genetics • Developmental theories and environmental factors • Neuroanatomy and structural imaging • Neuropsychology and functional imaging • Neurochemistry • Management principles • Pharmacological treatment • Psychosocial interventions and non-drug treatment • Early intervention and prevention • Useful resources

Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia
Author: Daniel R. Weinberger,Paul Harrison
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 736
Release: 2011-07-13
ISBN: 1444347748
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Schizophrenia Book Excerpt:

Schizophrenia is one of the most complex and disabling diseases to affect mankind. Relatively little is known about its nature and its origins, and available treatments are inadequate for most patients. As a result, there are inevitable controversies about what causes it, how to diagnose it, and how best to treat it. However, in the past decade, there has been an explosion of new research, with dramatic discoveries involving genetic etiology and epidemiological risk factors. There has also been a catalog of new drugs coming to market, and controversy about the relative advantages and disadvantages of newer compared with older therapies. In addition, developing technologies in genomics, molecular biology and neuroimaging provide streams of new information. This book represents a definitive, essential, and up-to-date reference text on schizophrenia. It extensively and critically digests and clarifies recent advances and places them within a clinical context. The Editors (one American and one British), highly respected clinical psychiatrists and researchers and acknowledged experts on schizophrenia, have again assembled an outstanding group of contributors from the USA, UK, Europe and Australia, It will be of value to practising psychiatrists and to trainees, as well as to clinical and neuroscience researchers interested in keeping up with this field or coming into it. The book consists of four sections: descriptive aspects, biological aspects, physical treatments, and psychological and social aspects. It reviews the theoretical controversies over symptomatology, classification and aetiology (particularly pertinent as DSM-V is being developed), the relationship of schizophrenia to the other psychoses, the significance of positive and negative symptoms and pre-morbid personality. It describes a variety of approaches to integrating the vast research data about schizophrenia, including neurodevelopmental, genetic, pharmacological, brain imaging and psychological findings. The biological treatment section reviews the comparative efficacy of various drugs, the management of drug-resistant patients and both neurological and metabolic complications. The final section looks at psychological therapies, social outcomes, and the economics of schizophrenia. Highly Commended in the Psychiatry section of the 2012 BMA Book Awards.

Search for the Causes of Schizophrenia

Search for the Causes of Schizophrenia
Author: Wagner F. Gattaz,Heinz Häfner
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 387
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN: 3642470769
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Search for the Causes of Schizophrenia Book Excerpt:

This book comprises the conferences and discussions presented at the 4th sym posium on the SEARCH FOR THE CAUSES OF SCHIZOPHRENIA, which took place in Guaruja, Brazil, November 1998. This series of symposia started in 1986, on the occasion of the 600th anniversary of the University of Heidelberg, followed by two others in 1989 and 1993. From these meeting resulted three volumes that have been widely used as a reference for comprehensive reviews on the state of the art in schizophrenia research. They reflect the progresses result ing from the most relevant studies on the etiology of the disease. The spirit of the 4th "Search for the Causes" remains the same: again we gathered some of the most prominent researchers on schizophrenia to contrib ute not only with their own data, but also summing up the state of the art and the perspectives in their areas of work. The topics covered in 6 parts are Epide miology, Risk factors and antecedents, Genetics, Neuropathology and neuro chemistry, Brain imaging and function, and Treatment and rehabilitation. In this 4th volume were introduced in each topic a chapter on the "Balance of the Cen tury", to summarize what did we learn (and what we did not) in the last 100 years of schizophrenia research. We hope that this volume can help us to see how far we are in the Search for the Causes of Schizophrenia and how much further we still have to go before our problem can be solved.

Neuroinflammation and Schizophrenia

Neuroinflammation and Schizophrenia
Author: Golam M. Khandaker,Urs Meyer,Peter B. Jones
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 244
Release: 2020-01-22
ISBN: 3030391418
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neuroinflammation and Schizophrenia Book Excerpt:

This book provides a comprehensive summary of the cutting edge scientific evidence regarding the role of immune system in the pathogenesis and treatment of schizophrenia and related psychotic disorders. It illustrates the role of inflammation and immunity in schizophrenia drawing on both basic science and clinical research. The chapters provide up-to-date summaries of immunological risk factors for schizophrenia and related psychotic disorders, and underlying mechanisms as informed by neuroimaging, genetic, clinical and animal experimental studies. In addition, the book will illuminate the scope for immunological treatment for schizophrenia.

Identifying Individuals at Clinical High Risk of Psychosis in Different Cultures and Countries

Identifying Individuals at Clinical High Risk of Psychosis in Different Cultures and Countries
Author: Tianhong Zhang,Jijun Wang,Kristen Woodberry
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 140
Release: 2020-03-31
ISBN: 2889636526
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Identifying Individuals at Clinical High Risk of Psychosis in Different Cultures and Countries Book Excerpt:

Schizophrenia For Dummies

Schizophrenia For Dummies
Author: Jerome Levine,Irene S. Levine
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 395
Release: 2008-10-27
ISBN: 0470259272
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Schizophrenia For Dummies Book Excerpt:

Practical tools for leading a happy, productive life Schizophrenia is a chronic, severe, and disabling mental disorder that afflicts one percent of the population, an estimated 2.5 million people in America alone. The firsthand advice in this reassuring guide will empower the families and caregivers of schizophrenia patients to take charge, offering expert advice on identifying the warning signs, choosing the right health professional, understanding currently available drugs and those on the horizon (as well as their side effects), and evaluating traditional and alternative therapies.

Understanding Schizophrenia

Understanding Schizophrenia
Author: Kimberly Williams
Publsiher: Independently Published
Total Pages: 0
Release: 2022-10-15
ISBN: 1928374650XXX
Category: Electronic Book
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Understanding Schizophrenia Book Excerpt:

Understanding schizophrenia can be difficult. Maybe you've reached for a schizophrenia textbook only to find it's too dense to really understand psychosis. This is different. The goal of this book is to help you really understand schizophrenia in plain language. It's about revealing what we know about schizophrenia today, all the way from defining what a psychotic episode is, to understanding the neuroscience of psychosis, to reviewing schizophrenia treatment and the importance of intervening early in psychosis. You'll discover all the details from the first episode of psychosis to schizophrenia in late life so you can understand psychosis and ultimately survive schizophrenia. Maybe your adolescent has schizophrenia or has started hearing voices, or maybe you're a person living with schizophrenia; this comprehensive book is here to help you gain insight into psychosis and emotion, psychotic depression, and psychotic reactions. It's schizophrenia revealed in plain language. In the first part, we'll review the definition of schizophrenia; provide examples of the most common symptoms; detail its relationship to other psychotic disorders; and discuss the most common co-occurring conditions. In the second part, we'll talk about historical and current understandings of what causes schizophrenia; review the risk factors for schizophrenia; and discuss how schizophrenia impacts the brain and the person more globally -- this is where we'll talk about genetics, brain structure, brain function, brain development, and drugs. Finally, in the third part, we'll talk about evidence-based treatment approaches to schizophrenia, beginning with a discussion of different treatment models and then reviewing how treatment plans are developed before finally discussing a host of interventions, including medication, skills training, psychotherapy, and family interventions. The entire book is about promoting recovery from schizophrenia and promoting recovery from first-episode psychosis. By the end, you'll know all the latest on schizophrenia symptoms, causes, and treatment.

Working with People at High Risk of Developing Psychosis

Working with People at High Risk of Developing Psychosis
Author: Jean Addington,Shona Francey,Anthony P. Morrison
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 206
Release: 2006-06-14
ISBN: 0470034173
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Working with People at High Risk of Developing Psychosis Book Excerpt:

A timely overview of new psychological interventions in this exciting and emerging field, Working with People at High Risk of Developing Psychosis: A Treatment Handbook presents the most up-to-date progress in the identification of individuals who are at ultra high risk of developing a psychotic illness. The book focuses on a range of psychological interventions that are currently being developed, tested, and used in order to alleviate these early symptoms and attempt to delay or even prevent the onset of a psychotic illness. Even for those who will not go on to develop an illness, such interventions are helpful in the alleviation of their presenting symptoms. This practical treatment handbook addresses a wide range of issues presented by "at risk" clients. Specific chapters, written by experts in that particular area, cover stress management, co-morbidity, substance misuse, family work and group therapy.

Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia
Author: David J. Castle,Peter F. Buckley
Publsiher: OUP Oxford
Total Pages: 144
Release: 2015-01-22
ISBN: 0191021911
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Schizophrenia Book Excerpt:

Part of the Oxford Psychiatry Library of pocketbooks, this user-friendly and practical guide will outline the diagnosis, evaluation and treatment of patients with schizophrenia. Co-authored by two global experts on the management of patients with psychosis, this pocketbook will serve as a useful guide for psychiatrists, trainees, psychiatric specialist nurses, and interested general practitioners. Schizophrenia is one of the most disabling mental illnesses and is also highly prevalent, occurring in approximately 1% of the population and affecting both men and women equally. The disorder has a typical onset of between 15 and 35 years of age and is characterised by impairments in reality, most commonly hallucinations and delusions. It is a highly complex condition and is often confused with other mental disorders such as bipolar disorder. This new edition will cover new DSM-5 diagnostic criteria and to reflect new data and include new longitudinal studies on psychiatric and medical co-morbidity, Genetic and environmental factors, new drug therapies, adherence and the role of depots, new advances in psychosocial therapies (CBT,ACT, & cognitive remediation) and includes an updated and expanded appendix.

Handbook of Attenuated Psychosis Syndrome Across Cultures

Handbook of Attenuated Psychosis Syndrome Across Cultures
Author: Huijun Li,Daniel I. Shapiro,Larry J. Seidman
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 405
Release: 2019-08-23
ISBN: 3030173364
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Attenuated Psychosis Syndrome Across Cultures Book Excerpt:

This handbook examines state-of-the-art research and clinical findings on attenuated psychosis syndrome (APS) across the globe. It addresses symptoms, assessment methods, and treatment approaches as they differ and converge across countries and cultures. The handbook explores how the illness impairs many aspects of daily functioning, with high rates of suicide and a reduced life span. It details how early detection is critical and may greatly reduce the public health burden of the illness. Chapters describe the early identification and intervention efforts that are currently underway across the world. The book offers international findings from prominent researchers, elaborating culturally relevant illness symptoms, help-seeking behaviors, and assessment and intervention strategies. In addition, chapters illustrate wide variations in symptom expression and experience, reinforcing the necessity of culturally attuned practice in patient-centered care. The book concludes by examining the implications – challenges and opportunities – for future research and clinical practices from an international perspective. Topics featured in the Handbook include: Barriers to service in low-resourced countries. The role of traditional or culturally acceptable care in developing early intervention models. The reliability and validity of tools for assessing and identifying APS. Possible medical diagnoses that can present with APS symptoms and how to differentiate these conditions from APS. /divThe Handbook of Attenuated Psychosis Syndrome Across Cultures is a must-have resource for researchers, professors, clinicians, and related professionals as well as graduate students in child and school psychology, psychiatry, social work, and related disciplines.

The First Episode of Psychosis

The First Episode of Psychosis
Author: Michael T Compton,Beth Broussard
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2009-04-28
ISBN: 0190451726
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The First Episode of Psychosis Book Excerpt:

The First Episode of Psychosis is the ideal book for patients experiencing the frightening and confusing initial episode of psychosis, which often occurs during late adolescence or early adulthood, and which affects nearly 3% of all people over the course of their lifetime. The book covers a range of disorders, focusing on primary psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia and schizophreniform disorder, clearly describing symptoms, early warning signs, and treatment--information that is essential for patients and families faced with the challenges posed by psychosis. The book also discusses psychiatric evaluation, healthy lifestyle choices, and the stigma often associated with mental illnesses. Worksheets allow readers to keep records of symptoms to facilitate communication with care providers, and an extensive glossary clarifies the dizzying array of terms used by medical professionals. Optimistic, practical, and recovery-oriented, The First Episode of Psychosis will help patients and their families to take an active, informed role in their care to ensure the best possible prognosis.

Vulnerability to Psychosis

Vulnerability to Psychosis
Author: Paolo Fusar-Poli,Stefan J. Borgwardt,Philip McGuire
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 244
Release: 2013-06-17
ISBN: 1136596380
Category: Psychology
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Vulnerability to Psychosis Book Excerpt:

Early clinical intervention in psychosis is now a major objective of mental health services and the development of specialist intervention services has greatly facilitated research on the early phases of this disorder. In this book, contributors provide a review of the neurobiological research in people at high risk of psychosis, focusing on the transition from being at a high risk state to their first episode. Contributors consider unaffected family members and twin studies as well as the individual’s data before and after the onset of the illness. The environmental factors that contribute to a psychotic episode are also examined. Vulnerability to Psychosis presents neurobiological findings in the context of what is now known about the psychopathology and cognitive impairments that are evident in people at high risk of psychosis. It will be essential reading for clinicians working with this client group, and will interest academics looking for state of the art information in this field.

Physical Health and Schizophrenia

Physical Health and Schizophrenia
Author: David J. Castle,Peter F. Buckley,Fiona P. Gaughran
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 136
Release: 2017-09-14
ISBN: 0192539825
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Physical Health and Schizophrenia Book Excerpt:

In comparison to the general population, people with schizophrenia and related disorders have poorer physical health and increased mortality. Whilst it is recognised that serious mental illnesses such as schizophrenia carry a reduced life expectancy, it is often assumed that suicide is the main cause of this disparity. In actuality, suicide accounts for no more than a third of the early mortality associated with schizophrenia: the vast majority is due to cardiovascular factors Physical Health and Schizophrenia offers a user-friendly guide to the physical health problems associated with schizophrenia and a clear overview of strategies and interventions to tackle these issues. Spanning eight chapters this resource covers the essential topics in a practical and easy-to-read format to suit the needs of busy clinicians. It also includes an appendix designed specifically for patients and carers, with practical tips on how to be actively involved in monitoring and managing physical health problems. Part of the Oxford Psychiatry Library series, Physical Health and Schizophrenia offers readers a fully up-to-date and valuable insight into this complex issue. With helpful key points at the start of each chapter and a clear layout, this is an essential resource for busy clinicians and researchers in any mental health field as well as those working in primary care.

Cannabis and Cannabis based Medicines

Cannabis and Cannabis based Medicines
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Royal College of Physicians
Total Pages: 43
Release: 2005
ISBN: 1860162541
Category: Cannabinoids
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cannabis and Cannabis based Medicines Book Excerpt:

This report takes an objective look at the evidence on cannabis-based medicines and their ability to treat conditions such as multiple sclerosis and chronic pain.

Schizophrenia and Related Disorders

Schizophrenia and Related Disorders
Author: Michael J. Marcsisin,Jason B. Rosenstock,Jessica M. Gannon
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 313
Release: 2016-10-20
ISBN: 0199331502
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Schizophrenia and Related Disorders Book Excerpt:

This is a pocket-sized compendium essential for trainees and professionals interested in learning about how to assess and manage patients with psychosis, and the current state of science regarding epidemiology and pathophysiology.