Robotic Colon and Rectal Surgery

Robotic Colon and Rectal Surgery
Author: Vincent Obias
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 322
Release: 2017-01-27
ISBN: 3319432567
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Robotic Colon and Rectal Surgery Book Excerpt:

The initial chapters discuss the start of minimally invasive surgery and robotics. Subsequent chapters address starting up a robotics program and incorporating robotics into ones practice. The textbook next centers on specific robotic techniques or robotic management of certain disease processes. These chapters are written by experts in the fields and include multiple tables, illustrations, and videos describing the techniques where applicable. Each chapter also discusses the current literature. The final chapters focus on the future of robotics, cost of robotics, and include other possible future platforms and as well as the new FDA approved Xi and SP Intuitive surgical platforms. Robotic Colon and Rectal Surgery: Principles and Practice presents the first in-depth, cohesive and comprehensive approach to all aspects of robotic colorectal surgery.

Advanced Techniques in Minimally Invasive and Robotic Colorectal Surgery

Advanced Techniques in Minimally Invasive and Robotic Colorectal Surgery
Author: Ovunc Bardakcioglu
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 162
Release: 2019-07-29
ISBN: 3030152731
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced Techniques in Minimally Invasive and Robotic Colorectal Surgery Book Excerpt:

​The first edition laid out the foundation with laparoscopic and robotic surgery utilizing the Da Vinci SI platform. Since then, many new advances in equipment and surgical techniques are becoming more popular. This second edition expands upon laparoscopic and endoscopic techniques and robotic surgery with the use of the new Da Vinci XI platform. This book bridges the gap between the practicing community of surgeons and the surgical innovators and provides a foundation for all classic and new techniques in minimally invasive colorectal surgery. By enhancing the surgical toolbox, the surgeon is able to progress from the novice to the master. Rather than describing the entire operative procedure by an individual author, this book compares operative steps of various technical difficulties throughout different chapters, thereby allowing the surgeon to tailor surgery to patient and surgeon`s own comfort level and experience. Chapters are written by a myriad of renowned experts in the field and discuss the major advances in advanced laparoscopic and endoscopic, robotic, and transanal minimally invasive surgical techniques. Great emphasis is placed on transanal total mesorectal excision (TaTME), which is dramatically changing the surgical approach to rectal resections. The second edition of Advanced Techniques in Minimally Invasive and Robotic Colorectal Surgery serves as a valuable resource to general surgeons, colon and rectal surgeons, minimally invasive surgeons, as well as residents and fellows.

Robotic Approaches to Colorectal Surgery

Robotic Approaches to Colorectal Surgery
Author: Howard Ross,Sang Lee,Bradley J. Champagne,Alessio Pigazzi,David E. Rivadeneira
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 293
Release: 2015-10-08
ISBN: 3319091204
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Robotic Approaches to Colorectal Surgery Book Excerpt:

This book examines the considerations, drawbacks, and advancements minimally invasive techniques have provided in the evaluation, management, and outcomes across a broad range of colorectal disease and procedures. For some readers of this book, a minimally invasive approach to colorectal disease may add a new dimension to the management of these patients. For others, it is the opportunity to learn helpful tips, specifics about a certain procedure, or to fine tune what has already become a routine part of their practice. Even if you have successfully overcome many of the technical challenges of minimally invasive surgery, the preoperative evaluation, perioperative decision-making, and management of postoperative complications can be demanding and consuming. Wherever you may be on this spectrum, Robotic Approaches to Colorectal Surgery is a useful resource to surgeons.

Colorectal Surgery

Colorectal Surgery
Author: Richard G. Molloy
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 688
Release: 2021-07-15
ISBN: 0192896245
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Colorectal Surgery Book Excerpt:

Extensively updated to reflect recent innovations in surgical practice, this new edition covers new topics such as robotic surgery, complete mesocolic excision, capsule colonoscopy, and the role of qFIT in lower GI investigations.

Laparoscopic Colorectal Surgery

Laparoscopic Colorectal Surgery
Author: Sanjiv Haribhakti
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 245
Release: 2020-11-26
ISBN: 1000201880
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Laparoscopic Colorectal Surgery Book Excerpt:

This comprehensive book provides the reader a perspective of the current evidence-based management of Laparoscopic Colorectal Surgery. It covers sections on benign surgery for IBD, diverticulitis, rectal prolapse etc. along with the procedures for colon and rectal cancers, including laparoscopic TME. The accompanying videos complement the text imparting specific operative skills of exposure, retraction, countertraction, dissection, vascular control, hemostasis, laparoscopic Stapling, anastomosis, specimen extraction and stoma formation. This book aims to help surgeons to learn, standardize, practice and master the complex skills of Laparoscopic colorectal surgery. Key Features Provides step by step solution to the difficulties encountered by the beginners by covering a section on bugbears. Caters to General, GI, Oncology and Colorectal surgeons who have the adequate basic laparoscopic skills and have already been doing some advanced laparoscopic surgery in form of laparoscopic Upper GI and bowel surgery and would want to start laparoscopic colorectal surgery. Covers a section on Robotic and single incision laparoscopic surgery providing the contemporary knowledge in this emerging field, whereas a section on trans-anal surgery provides a futuristic dimension to this field.

Laparoscopic Colorectal Surgery

Laparoscopic Colorectal Surgery
Author: Mark Coleman,Tom Cecil
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 300
Release: 2017-02-24
ISBN: 1498712371
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Laparoscopic Colorectal Surgery Book Excerpt:

This unique reference in laparoscopic colorectal surgery starts by looking at the establishment of the Lapco training programme in the UK. It then goes on to provide a comprehensive technical manual of operative and patient care for laparoscopic colorectal surgery, offers insight into training and assessment methodology and finally looks to the future and where we may be going. It shares knowledge of a unique training programme which healthcare systems worldwide are trying to emulate, and provides an up-to-date manual of know-how from some of the world’s most experienced laparoscopic colorectal trainers.

Colon and Rectal Surgery Abdominal Operations

Colon and Rectal Surgery  Abdominal Operations
Author: Steven D. Wexner,James W. Fleshman
Publsiher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Total Pages: 612
Release: 2012-02-13
ISBN: 1451154135
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Colon and Rectal Surgery Abdominal Operations Book Excerpt:

Master Techniques in General Surgery: Colon and Rectal Surgery: Abdominal Operations is a volume in a series that presents common and advanced procedures in the major subspecialities of general surgery. The series is overseen by Josef F. Fischer, MD, editor of the classic two-volume reference Mastery of Surgery. Master Techniques in General Surgery: Colon and Rectal Surgery: Abdominal Operations is written by acknowledged master surgeons, emphasizes surgical procedures, and is lavishly illustrated with original full-color drawings. The contributors fully explain their preferred techniques in step-by-step, thoroughly illustrated detail, assess indications and contraindications, offer guidelines on preoperative planning, and discuss outcomes, complications, and follow-up. Coverage includes left and right colon resections performed open and laparoscopically, colectomies, proctocolectomies, restorative and reconstructive techniques for proctocolectomy and pelvis reconstruction, stoma construction and how to repair complications of stoma construction, and treatment of rectal prolapse. A companion website will offer fully searchable content of the book, an image bank, and procedural videos.

Complexities in Colorectal Surgery

Complexities in Colorectal Surgery
Author: Scott R. Steele,Justin A. Maykel,Bradley J. Champagne,Guy R. Orangio
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 632
Release: 2014-02-03
ISBN: 1461490227
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Complexities in Colorectal Surgery Book Excerpt:

Complexities in Colorectal Surgery: Decision-Making and Management provides a unique, modern, practical guide that covers the strategic evaluation, specific approaches, and detailed management techniques utilized by expert Colorectal Surgeons caring for patients with complex problems—whether they result from underlying colorectal disease or from complications arising from previous surgical therapy. The text is formatted as both a “how-to” manual as well as an algorithm-based guide allowing the reader to understand the thought process behind the proposed treatment strategies. By making use of evidence-based recommendations, each chapter will include not only diagnostic and therapeutic guidelines, but also a narrative by the author on his/her operative technical details and perioperative “tips and tricks” that they utilize in the management of these complex surgical challenges. This test includes chapters on the assessment of risk and nutritional intervention methods utilized to minimize perioperative complications. In addition, sections on medical and surgical therapies for abdominal, pelvic and anorectal disease are incorporated. Moreover, the technical challenges of managing complications resulting from the original or subsequent operations is addressed. The underlying focus throughout the text is to provide pragmatic and understandable solutions that can be readily implemented by surgeons of varying experience to successfully treat complex colorectal problems. The text also goes beyond the technical aspects of Colorectal Surgery and includes special sections highlighting the essence of a surgeon. These include chapters describing the importance of the first encounter, building patient rapport, and demonstrating confidence and competence while showing humility and avoiding arrogance. Additionally, aspects involving the medical-legal, ethical, and economic challenges confronting surgeons are covered.

Complications Considerations and Consequences of Colorectal Surgery An Issue of Surgical Clinics

Complications  Considerations and Consequences of Colorectal Surgery  An Issue of Surgical Clinics
Author: Scott R. Steele
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 316
Release: 2013-01-20
ISBN: 1455773603
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Complications Considerations and Consequences of Colorectal Surgery An Issue of Surgical Clinics Book Excerpt:

This issue will explore the complications, considerations and consequences of colorectal surgery. Topics will include evaluating colorectal surgery patients to estimate and minimize morbidity and mortality, fast-track pathways, intra-operative adjuncts, colorectal anastomotic complications, proctectomy, stomas, Crohn’s disease, rectal prolapse, pelvic surgery, laparoscopy, enterocutaneous fistula, and more.

Robot Surgery

Robot Surgery
Author: Seung Hyuk Baik
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 184
Release: 2010-01-01
ISBN: 953761977X
Category: Computers
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Robot Surgery Book Excerpt:

Robotic surgery is still in the early stages even though robotic assisted surgery is increasing continuously. Thus, exact and careful understanding of robotic surgery is necessary because chaos and confusion exist in the early phase of anything. Especially, the confusion may be increased because the robotic equipment, which is used in surgery, is different from the robotic equipment used in the automobile factory. The robots in the automobile factory just follow a program. However, the robot in surgery has to follow the surgeon’s hand motions. I am convinced that this In-Tech Robotic Surgery book will play an essential role in giving some solutions to the chaos and confusion of robotic surgery. The In-Tech Surgery book contains 11 chapters and consists of two main sections. The first section explains general concepts and technological aspects of robotic surgery. The second section explains the details of surgery using a robot for each organ system. I hope that all surgeons who are interested in robotic surgery will find the proper knowledge in this book. Moreover, I hope the book will perform as a basic role to create future prospectives. Unfortunately, this book could not cover all areas of robotic assisted surgery such as robotic assisted gastrectomy and pancreaticoduodenectomy. I expect that future editions will cover many more areas of robotic assisted surgery and it can be facilitated by dedicated readers. Finally, I appreciate all authors who sacrificed their time and effort to write this book. I must thank my wife NaYoung for her support and also acknowledge MiSun Park’s efforts in helping to complete the book.

Minimally Invasive Coloproctology

Minimally Invasive Coloproctology
Author: William C S Meng,Hester Y S Cheung,David T Y Lam,Simon S M Ng
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 231
Release: 2015-08-07
ISBN: 3319196987
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Minimally Invasive Coloproctology Book Excerpt:

In this book, pioneers and distinguished masters of surgery describe novel minimally invasive colo- and anorectal procedures that have been developed in Asia but are of international applicability. The presented techniques are wide ranging in nature and relate to colon surgery, rectal surgery and the treatment of hemorrhoids, fistulas and chronic constipation. Each procedure is carefully described with the aid of high-quality color photographs and illustrations, drawing attention to many practical tips and tricks. In addition to the techniques themselves, state of the art technology is introduced that is now being applied clinically in China, Hong Kong, Asia-Pacific, and beyond. The book will enable readers both to grasp the concepts underlying these important new approaches and advances and to reproduce the techniques in their own surgical practice.

Surgical Treatment of Colorectal Cancer

Surgical Treatment of Colorectal Cancer
Author: Nam Kyu Kim,Kenichi Sugihara,Jin-Tung Liang
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 414
Release: 2018-05-02
ISBN: 9811051437
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Surgical Treatment of Colorectal Cancer Book Excerpt:

This book presents an Asian perspective on how the treatment of colorectal cancer can be optimized and standardized in ways that take into account technological advances and the trend towards individually tailored therapy. Readers will find careful, well-illustrated descriptions of the standard surgical techniques for rectal cancer and colon cancer that have contributed to recent improvements in 5-year survival rates in the Asia-Pacific region, where the incidence of colorectal cancer has been rising alarmingly due to lifestyle changes. The vital role now being played by minimally invasive laparoscopic and robotic options receives detailed scrutiny. Extent and timing of surgery, patient safety, risk of complications, and unresolved issues are all discussed. Furthermore, the use of surgery within the context of multimodal management including chemotherapy and radiotherapy is explained and an integrated approach for stage IV and recurrent disease is described. The book will serve as a valuable reference for young surgeons who are in training, experienced practitioners who want to enhance their knowledge and skills, and all others who wish to learn about this field.

Robotics in General Surgery

Robotics in General Surgery
Author: Keith Chae Kim
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 511
Release: 2013-11-10
ISBN: 1461487390
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Robotics in General Surgery Book Excerpt:

Robotics in General Surgery provides a comprehensive review of the current applications of the robotic platform in all the general surgery subspecialties. Additionally, for each subspecialty it serves as a procedure-oriented instruction manual in terms of technical details of procedures, including fundamentals of robot positioning and trocar placement, step-by-step description of procedures, comprehensive discussions of advantages, limitations, indications, and relative contraindications of using the robotic approach. The text also discusses the challenges and steps to overcoming these challenges in transitioning from a minimally invasive to a robotic practice/surgeon. Lastly, this volume addresses emerging technology in robotics and the impact that the robotics platform will have on not only practice of surgery, but also in the education of surgeons at all levels. Written by experts in the field of robotic surgery, Robotics in General Surgery is a valuable resource for general surgeons of all levels including residents, fellows and surgeons already in practice.

The ASCRS Textbook of Colon and Rectal Surgery

The ASCRS Textbook of Colon and Rectal Surgery
Author: Scott R. Steele,Tracy L. Hull,Neil Hyman,Justin A. Maykel,Thomas E. Read,Charles B. Whitlow
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 1216
Release: 2021-11-20
ISBN: 3030660494
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The ASCRS Textbook of Colon and Rectal Surgery Book Excerpt:

This book serves as a valuable resource for surgeons and health care providers at all stages of their career caring for patients with colorectal disease. This edition provides all newly written chapters, organized around the “pillars” of colorectal disease: perioperative (including endoscopy); anorectal disease; benign disease (including inflammatory bowel disease); malignancy; pelvic floor disorders; and a “miscellaneous” section that covers aspects both inside and beyond the operating room. Chapters are formatted to follow that of a “how to” manual as well as an algorithm-based guide to allow the reader to understand the thought process behind a proposed treatment strategy. By making use of evidence-based recommendations, each chapter includes not only background information and diagnostic/therapeutic guidelines, but also provides operative technical details and perioperative “tips and tricks” that are utilized in the management of these complex surgical challenges. Chapters also include the assessment of risk and methods utilized to minimize perioperative complications. In addition, the book incorporates sections covering the medical and surgical therapies for abdominal, pelvic and anorectal disease. Written by experts in the field from around the world, The ASCRS Textbook of Colon and Rectal Surgery 4th Edition exposes the many critical gaps in our knowledge base and inspires the next generation to answer them through thoughtful and high level scientific inquiry.

Minimally Invasive Approaches to Colon and Rectal Disease

Minimally Invasive Approaches to Colon and Rectal Disease
Author: Howard M. Ross MD FACS FASCRS,Sang W. Lee MD, FACS, FASCRS,Matthew G. Mutch MD, FACS, FASCRS,David E. Rivadeneira MD, MBA,FACS, FASCRS,Scott R. Steele M.D., FACS, FASCRS
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 415
Release: 2014-11-22
ISBN: 1493915819
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Minimally Invasive Approaches to Colon and Rectal Disease Book Excerpt:

This text provides a clear, reproducible, step-by-step guide for each colorectal surgery operation. The format follows that of both a “how to” manual as well as an algorithm-based guide to allow the reader to understand the thought process behind the proposed treatment strategy. Each chapter includes both operative technical details as well as perioperative “tips and tricks” that the authors utilize in the management of these complex surgical patients. In addition, it addresses the optimal “next step” in dealing with more challenging situations such as pregnancy, emergent surgery, the elderly, and the obese patient. Throughout the text, each author provides an ongoing narrative of his/her individual surgical techniques along with color illustrations and diagrams to “personally” take the reader through the crucial steps of the procedure, as well as key points of patient care inherent to that topic. Additionally, where appropriate, links to online or downloadable videos will give the reader an up-front look into technical aspects of traditional straight laparoscopic and hand-assisted minimally invasive surgery, as well as NOTES, transanal, robotic, single incision colectomy and combined laparoscopic-endoscopic resection. Minimally Invasive Approaches to Colon and Rectal Disease: Technique and Best Practices will be of great utility to colorectal, general and oncologic surgeons who want to learn or improve their minimally invasive skills in colorectal surgery. Furthermore, this text will be of particular interest to the surgeons-in-training, and the general and colorectal surgeon who is often called upon to manage a variety of colorectal surgery conditions through a minimally invasive approach.

Advances in Colorectal Neoplasia An Issue of Surgical Clinics E Book

Advances in Colorectal Neoplasia  An Issue of Surgical Clinics  E Book
Author: Sean J. Langenfeld
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2017-05-23
ISBN: 0323530346
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Colorectal Neoplasia An Issue of Surgical Clinics E Book Book Excerpt:

This issue of Surgical Clinics of North America focuses on Advances in Colorectal Neoplasia, and is edited by Dr. Sean J. Langenfeld. Articles will include: Colorectal cancer screening; Imaging for colon and rectal cancer; The difficult colorectal polyp; Emergency presentations of colorectal cancer; Advances in laparoscopic colorectal surgery; Robotic colorectal surgery; Local excision of rectal cancer; New strategies in rectal cancer; Hereditary colorectal cancer syndromes; Dysplasia and cancer in inflammatory bowel disease; Atypical colorectal neoplasms; Resection of the primary tumor in stage IV colorectal cancer: when is it necessary?; Cytoreduction and HIPEC for colorectal cancer; Molecular markers for colorectal cancer, and more!

The SAGES Manual of Colorectal Surgery

The SAGES Manual of Colorectal Surgery
Author: Patricia Sylla,Andreas M. Kaiser,Daniel Popowich
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 689
Release: 2019-10-17
ISBN: 3030248127
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The SAGES Manual of Colorectal Surgery Book Excerpt:

This book provides essential didactic content for the SAGES University Masters Program Colorectal Surgery Curriculum. Surgeons seeking to complete the competency, proficiency, or mastery curriculum of the MASTERS Colorectal Pathway for a particular anchoring colorectal procedure will find relevant educational content in this SAGES Manual. Written by experts in the field, each chapter provides detailed guidance on preoperative and peri-procedural considerations for right and left elective and emergency colorectal resections, for both benign and malignant pathologies. Technical pearls and strategies to manage pitfalls and complications are also extensively reviewed along with detailed guidance for both laparoscopic and robotic procedures. The SAGES Manual of Colorectal Surgery provides a wealth of practical guidance to surgeons along their journey to progress from competency to mastery in various minimally invasive approaches to colorectal surgery.

Robotic Surgery

Robotic Surgery
Author: Farid Gharagozloo,Vipul R. Patel,Pier Cristoforo Giulianotti,Robert Poston,Rainer Gruessner,Mark Meyer
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 1599
Release: 2021-03-25
ISBN: 3030535940
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Robotic Surgery Book Excerpt:

The first edition of Robotic Surgery was written only a decade after the introduction of robotic technology. It was the first comprehensive robotic surgery reference and represented the early pioneering look ahead to the future of surgery. Building upon its success, this successor edition serves as a complete multi-specialty sourcebook for robotic surgery. It seeks to explore an in-depth look into surgical robotics and remote technologies leading to the goal of achieving the benefits of traditional surgery with the least disruption to the normal functions of the human body. Written by experts in the field, chapters cover the fundamental principles of robotic surgery and provide clear instruction on their clinical application and long term results. Most notably, one chapter on “The Blueprint for the Establishment of a Successful Robotic Surgery Program: Lessons from Admiral Hymen R. Rickover and the Nuclear Navy” outlines the many valuable lessons from the transformative change which was brought about by the introduction of nuclear technology into the conventional navy with Safety as the singular goal of the change process. Robotics represents a monumental triumph of surgical technology. Undoubtedly, the safety of the patient will be the ultimate determinant of its success. The second edition of Robotic Surgery aims to erase the artificial boundaries of specialization based on regional anatomy and serves as a comprehensive multispecialty reference for all robot surgeons. It allows them to contemplate crossing boundaries which are historically defined by traditional open surgery.

Techniques in Minimally Invasive Rectal Surgery

Techniques in Minimally Invasive Rectal Surgery
Author: Alessio Pigazzi
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 237
Release: 2017-10-20
ISBN: 3319163817
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Techniques in Minimally Invasive Rectal Surgery Book Excerpt:

This title encompass all current minimally invasive rectal procedures for a variety of benign and malignant indications and provides a compendium of the available data supporting each technique. Procedures are represented both photographically as well as through selected video clips. The video clips are hosted online and provide a valuable addition to the utility of the text. The text has a substantial pathologic emphasis delineating the conditions for which each technique is most suited. It includes established procedures such as laparoscopic proctectomy, but also describes novel approaches that are gaining the attention of professionals throughout the world, such as transanal endoscopic approaches that are being viewed as a bridge toward the natural orifice surgical interventions of the future. The first and only volume dedicated exclusively to advanced minimally invasive rectal surgery and will serve as a precious guide for professionals throughout the world.

Surgical Techniques in Rectal Cancer

Surgical Techniques in Rectal Cancer
Author: Giovanni Dapri,John H Marks
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 603
Release: 2018-02-09
ISBN: 443155579X
Category: Medical
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Surgical Techniques in Rectal Cancer Book Excerpt:

This book describes the various procedures, including surgery through the abdominal wall, through a transanal access or by the union of both, using an open, laparoscopic, or robotic approach. Worldwide pioneers for each technique are invited as authors and portray in step-by-step detail about each procedure. Of the 32 chapters, 23 are dedicated only for the surgical procedures. Each chapter is enriched by numerous figures, which complement the text, permitting the understanding of each surgical technique from its beginning until the last step. Eight additional chapters are dedicated to the clinical and anatomical aspects of rectal cancer. In the last decade there has been an impressive evolution in the treatment of patients with rectal cancer, with a focus not only on the preservation of a cancer-free life, but the quality of that life. This book has been written to be useful for everyone involved in rectal cancer management. From internists, gastroenterologists, endoscopists, oncologists, radiotherapists and radiologists involved in the treatment of rectal cancer during their daily practice, to surgeons specialized in colorectal surgery, to junior faculty to trainees, all interested in new and innovative techniques.